Vanuatu - 1 Country Profile




Generic Information 

Vanuatu, officially the Republic of Vanuatu, is a Pacific Island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. The archipelago, which is of volcanic origin, is some 1,750 km (1,090 mi) east of northern Australia, 540 km (340 mi) northeast of New Caledonia, east of New Guinea, southeast of Solomon Islands and west of Fiji. 

There are 82 islands with a population of 300,019 people (2020 census). 


Vanuatu was first inhabited by the Melanesian people. In the 1880s, France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the archipelago, and in 1906, they agreed on a framework for jointly managing the archipelago as the New Hebrides through an Anglo-French condominium. An independence movement arose in the 1970s, and the Republic of Vanuatu was founded in 1980. 


There are three official languages spoken in Vanuatu: 

  • Bislama (local pidgin) 

  • English 

  • French 


The islands also have many local dialects. 


Generic country information can be located from sources which are regularly maintained and reflect current facts and figures. For a generic country overview, please consult the following sources: 

Vanuatu Wikipedia Country Information: 

Vanuatu IMF Country Information: 

Vanuatu Economist Intelligence Unit Information*:  

(*note - this is a paid service) 


Humanitarian Info 

Pacific Logistics Cluster

Vanuatu UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Information: 


Facts and Figures 

Vanuatu Wolfram Alpha Information: 

Vanuatu World Bank Information: 

Vanuatu Population Information: 


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