Uganda - 3.3 Manual Labour

Manual Labor

The labor market in Uganda is governed by the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda and does not approve of slavery, forced labor, and emphasizes the right to freedom of association including the freedom to join trade unions, political and civic organizations. It disallows economic exploitation of children.

  • Although Uganda already has legislation in place to establish a minimum wage, the 1957 Minimum Wage Advisory Board Act, which would allow trade unions and other stakeholders to participate in setting the wage, this was never fully implemented.
  • Uganda last set the monthly minimum wages in 1984, at 6,000 Ugandan Shillings (approximately equivalent to 2.07 USD).
  • Currently, due to the high level of unemployment, workers negotiate with their intended employers and agree on payment terms each time there is an activity.
  • The proposal for a minimum wage bill has been drafted for presentation to the parliament of Uganda by the labor union for all labor categories and approval was expected by end of April 2015. However, the bill was once again tabled: Work and Wages, Payment of Bonus, Hours/Wages in Uganda -
  • Currently employers negotiate with the laborer’s on what should be paid for a specific task, and this varies from organization to another. Once this is agreed, the interval of the payment is discussed and agreed: Labour Market & Earnings - Uganda Bureau of Statistics (


Labour Rate(s) Overview


Cost (Local Currency & USD)

Rate as of mm yyyy

Daily General Worker (Unskilled casual labour)

250-650 000 UGX/month


Daily General Worker (Semi-skilled labour)

650-3,000,000 UGX/month


Skilled Worker

3,000,000 – 20,000,000 UGX/month


Source: LATEST LIST: New salary structure for all Ugandan civil servants starting July 2021 - Watchdog Uganda

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