Tanzania, United Republic of
Tanzania, United Republic of - 1 Country Profile

Generic Information



The United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is the largest country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania. According to the 2022 national census, Tanzania has a population of nearly 67 million, making it the most populous country located entirely south of the equator.

Geography: Tanzania's geography is characterized by three distinct physiographic regions: the coastal plains along the Indian Ocean, an inland saucer-shaped plateau, and highlands in the northeast. The northeast region features stunning mountain ranges, including the iconic Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest peak, and Mount Meru, an active volcano. This area also forms part of the Great Rift Valley, with vast salt lakes such as Lake Natron, Lake Manyara, and Lake Eyasi. The Crater Highlands, encompassing the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and the Ngorongoro Crater, are key conservation areas for wildlife.

Population: In 2022 the Demographic and Health Survey recorded the population of Tanzania at 62 million, an increase of 37% from 2012 (60 million in Mainland and -1.9 million in Zanzibar approx.). The current population of Tanzania is estimated to be 67,728,532 as of July 2023 based on projections of the latest United Nations data.

Economy: Tanzania is a lower-middle-income country with a population of 67 million. The country has experienced steady economic growth in recent years. However, 27 percent of the population still live below the poverty line and an additional 8 percent live in extreme poverty.

A significant share of the population remains malnourished, with high stunting (impaired growth due to undernutrition) and increasing rates of overweight, obesity and vitamin and mineral deficiency. An estimated 20 percent of families are unable to afford a diet with sufficient calories, while 59 percent cannot afford a nutritious diet.

Tanzania's economy is diverse, with agriculture, mining, tourism, and services playing crucial roles. Agriculture employs a substantial portion of the population, and the country is known for its exports of cash crops like coffee, tea, and cotton. Tanzania is also rich in mineral resources, including gold, diamonds, and gemstones, which contribute significantly to its export revenue.

Tourism is a major economic driver, thanks to Tanzania's unparalleled natural beauty and wildlife. The country's national parks, such as the Serengeti and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, are renowned worldwide for their diverse ecosystems and abundant wildlife, including the "Big Five" – lions, elephants, buffalo, leopards, and rhinoceroses

Tanzania's strong economic fundamentals helped the country weather the COVID-19 pandemic, but its economic recovery has been slower than expected due to the ongoing war in Ukraine, tightening global financial conditions, and the global economic slowdown.

Wikipedia Country Information Website of Wikipedia on Tanzania

IMF Country Information Website of the IMF on Tanzania

Economist Intelligence Unit Website of the Economist on Tanzania

Humanitarian Info

World Food Programme Website of the WFP on Tanzania

Facts and Figures

Wolfram Alpha Website of Wolframalpha on Tanzania

World Bank Website of the Worldbank on Tanzania

Population Information: Website of the Worldpopulationreview




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