2.2 Mozambique Aviation
Key airport information may be found at:
Civil aviation is a critical component to the Mozambique transport system due to its immense size: the country spans over 2,300 km from North to South and the poor road network renders land transportation too slow.
The Civil Aviation Institute of Mozambique (IACM – http://www.iacm.gov.mz/) is the oversight body for all aviation activities.
The national carrier, Mozambique Airlines (LAM – http://www.lam.co.mz/), covers only national destinations and some neighbouring countries, e.g. South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, and Zimbabwe. Several international airlines such as SAA, Kenya Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, TAAG, Qatar Airways, TAP, and Turkish Airlines have flights to Mozambique. The domestic flights are now being opened to other airlines in addition to LAM, and FastJet (https://www.fastjet.com/en) already operates to Beira, Tete and Nampula.
Procedures for Foreign Registered Aircraft
The following steps are required before prepositioning of foreign registered aircraft:
- Application for provisional Air Service Licence by the operator contracted to provide the services. If the operator is not familiar with Mozambique, it is advisable to use a point of contact, e.g. WFP Maputo and/or a local aviation consultancy company to facilitate the process.
- UNHAS requires foreign operators to ensure that the Civil Aviation Authorities of the country of registration of the aircraft clearly takes responsibility for all safe oversight while operating in Mozambique.
- The following operator, aircraft and crew documentation is
- Air Operator Certificate and crew licences
- Certificates of Registration, Airworthiness, Insurance, and Maintenance Release
- For non-scheduled and private flights, permission for over-flights and landings are required 24 hours in advance to IACM.
- Regarding over-flights, the following information is required
in item 18 of the flight plan for:
- Registration of aircraft (if different from the call sign), number of crew and passengers
- Colour and nationality of aircraft, purpose of flight, complete
post and telegraphic address of operator
- Regarding landings, the following information is required in
item 18 of the flight plan for:
- Registration of aircraft (if different from the call sign), names and nationality of crew members and/or passengers
- Names and address of entities to be contacted, nature of cargo, purpose of flight, airport of entry
- Colour and nationality of aircraft, complete postal and telegraphic address of operator.
- Upon submission of the application and documentation to IACM it will take 7 to 10 days to obtain clearance.
In addition to the above, it is essential that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation issues an official communication, notifying relevant Government departments and authorities of the mandate of the humanitarian organisation to respond to the emergency activity, in order to facilitate the decision-making process of the aviation regulatory bodies.