Nepal

Nepal

Country Name

Nepal

Official Country Name

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Assessment Details
From October 2023
To March 2024
WFP Assessors Shristy Gurung, Narayan Kharel, and Uttam Shrestha


 

Table of Contents

Chapter Date updated 

1 Nepal Country Profile

March 2024
1.1 Nepal Humanitarian Background March 2024
1.2 Nepal Regulatory Departments & Quality Control March 2024
1.3 Nepal Customs Information March 2024

2 Nepal Logistics Infrastructure

March 2024
2.1 Nepal Port Assessment March 2024
2.1.1 India Port of Kolkata April 2016
2.1.2 Nepal Birgunj Dry Port March 2024
2.1.3 Nepal Nepalgunj Dry Port March 2024
2.1.4 Nepal Bhairahawa Dry Port March 2024
2.1.5 Nepal Biratnagar Dry Port March 2024
2.1.6 Nepal Kakarbhitta Dry Port March 2024
2.1.7 Nepal Tatopani Dry Port March 2024
2.1.8 Nepal Kathmandu Dry Port  March 2024
2.2 Nepal Aviation March 2024
2.2.1 Nepal Tribhuvan International Airport March 2024
2.2.2 Nepal Bhairahawa International Airport March 2024
2.2.3 Nepal Pokhara International Airport March 2024
2.2.4 Nepal Bharatphur Major Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.5 Nepal Biratnagar Major Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.6 Nepal Chandraghadi Major Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.7 Nepal Dhangadhi Major Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.8 Nepal Nepalgunj Major Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.9 Nepal Simara Major Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.10 Nepal Surkhet Major Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.11 Nepal Janakpur Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.12 Nepal Jomsom Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.13 Nepal Jumla Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.14 Nepal Simikot Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.15 Nepal Tumlingtar Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.16 Nepal Tenzing-Hillary Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.17 Nepal Rukum Salle Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.18 Nepal Talcha Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.19 Nepal Rajbiraj Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.20 Nepal Dolpa Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.21 Nepal Baitadi Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.22 Nepal Bajura Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.23 Nepal Sanphebagar Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.24 Nepal Baglung Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.25 Nepal Dhorpatan Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.26 Nepal Gorkha Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.27 Nepal Manang Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.28 Nepal Pokhara Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.29 Nepal Jiri Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.30 Nepal Langtang Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.31 Nepal Meghauli Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.32 Nepal Ramechhap Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.33 Nepal Dang Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.34 Nepal Rolpa Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.35 Nepal Bhojpur Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.36 Nepal Phaplu Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.37 Nepal Kangledanda Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.38 Nepal Manamaya Rai Khanidanda Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.39 Nepal Lamidanda Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.40 Nepal Rumjatar Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.41 Nepal Syangboche Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.42 Nepal Taplejung Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.43 Nepal Thamkharka Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.44 Nepal Domestic Airport – Bajhang March 2024
2.2.45 Nepal Domestic Airport - Doti March 2024
2.2.46 Nepal Domestic Airport – Falgunanda March 2024
2.2.47 Nepal Minor Domestic Airport - Resunga March 2024
2.2.48 Nepal Tikapur Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.49 Nepal Darchula Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.50 Nepal Minor Domestic Airport – Mahendranagar March 2024
2.2.51 Nepal KHIJI CHANDESHWORI Domestic Airport March 2024
2.2.52 Nepal Dolpa Masinechaur National Airport March 2024
2.2.53 Nepal Rukum Chaujahari Minor Domestic Airport March 2024
2.3 Nepal Road Network March 2024
2.3.1 Nepal Major Border Crossing of Kakarbhitta March 2024
2.3.2 Nepal Major Border Crossing of Rani/Jogbani March 2024
2.3.3 Nepal Major Border Crossing of Bhairahawa / Sunauli March 2024
2.3.4 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Krishnanagar March 2024
2.3.5 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Dhangadi March 2024
2.3.6 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Kanchanpur March 2024
2.3.7 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Darchula March 2024
2.3.8 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Mahakali-Jhulaghat March 2024
2.3.9 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Dhanusha March 2024
2.3.10 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Mahottari March 2024
2.3.11 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Rautahat March 2024
2.3.12 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Saptari March 2024
2.3.13 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Sarlahi March 2024
2.3.14 Nepal Minor Border Crossing of Siraha March 2024
2.3.15 Nepal Border Crossing of Nepalgunj/Rupaidiha March 2024
2.3.16 Nepal Land Border Crossing of Pashupatinagar March 2024
2.3.17 Nepal Border Crossing of Bhadrapur, Jhapa March 2024
2.3.18 Nepal Border Crossing of Birgunj March 2024
2.3.19 Nepal Minor Border Crossing Koilabas, Dang March 2024
2.3.20 Nepal Border Crossing of Setobadha, Sunsari March 2024
2.3.21 Nepal Border Crossing of Rasuwa, Tumure March 2024
2.3.22 Nepal Minor Border Crossing – Lagma Jatai, Dhanusha March 2024
2.4 Nepal Railway Assessment March 2024
2.5 Nepal Waterways Assessment March 2024
2.6 Nepal Storage Assessment March 2024
2.7 Nepal Milling Assessment March 2024

3 Nepal Services and Supply

March 2024
3.1 Nepal Fuel March 2024
3.2 Nepal Transporters March 2024
3.3 Nepal Manual Labour March 2024
3.4 Nepal Telecommunications March 2024
3.5 Nepal Food and Additional Suppliers March 2024
3.5.1 Nepal Food Suppliers March 2024
3.6 Nepal Additional Service Providers March 2024
3.7 Nepal Waste Management Infrastructure Assessment  March 2024

4 Nepal Contact Lists

March 2024
4.1 Nepal Government Contact List March 2024
4.1.1 Koshi Province Government Contact List March 2024
4.1.2 Madhesh Province Government Contact List March 2024
4.1.3 Nepal Bagmati Province Government Contact List March 2024
4.1.4 Nepal Gandaki Province Government Contact List March 2024
4.1.5 Nepal Karnali Province Government Contact List March 2024
4.1.6 Nepal Lumbini Province Government Contact List March 2024
4.1.7 Nepal Sudurpashchim Province Government Contact List March 2024
4.2 Nepal Humanitarian Agency Contact List March 2024
4.3 Nepal Laboratory and Quality Testing Companies Contact List March 2024
4.4 Nepal Port and Waterways Companies Contact List March 2024
4.5 Nepal Airport Companies Contact List March 2024
4.6 Nepal Storage and Milling Companies Contact List March 2024
4.7 Nepal Fuel Provider Contact List March 2024
4.8 Nepal Transporter Contact List March 2024
4.9 Nepal Railway Companies Contact List March 2024
4.10 Nepal Supplier Contact List March 2024
4.11 Nepal Additional Services Contact List  March 2024

5 Nepal Annexes

June 2019
5.1 Nepal Acronyms and Abbreviations June 2019

Nepal - 1 Country Profile

Generic Information 

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country located along the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China and to the south, east, and west by India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 square miles) and a population of approximately 29.16 million (as per the 2021 census report (cbs.gov.np), Nepal is the world's 95th country by size and the 49th most populous country. Nepal is separated from Bangladesh by the narrow Indian Siliguri Corridor and from Bhutan by the Indian state Sikkim. 

Kathmandu is the nation's capital city and largest city. The mountainous north of Nepal which acts as natural border to China has eight of the world's tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest (Nepali: The Sagarmāthā). The plains of the Terai region are fertile and humid. And the mid-geographical hilly region between mountainous north and plains of Terai comprises 68% of the total land area of the country. The extreme variations in topography within a short distance from the world’s highest peaks in the North to flat lands in the South, presents great logistics infrastructure challenges.  

On September 20, 2015 a new constitution established Nepal as a three-tiered federal democratic country (previously, one centralized authority) with seven provinces: 

  1. Central or Federal Government based in Kathmandu, the capital. 

  1. Seven Provincial Governments with 77 districts. 

  1. 753 Local Governments which include six Metropolitan Cities (Mahanagarpalika), 11 Sub Metropolitan Cities (Upa-Mahanagarpalika), 276 Municipalities (Nagarpalika) and 460 Rural Municipalities (Gaunpalika). 

 

In terms of administrative divisions, each province is composed of 8 to 14 districts. The local level is composed of wards. There are 6,743 wards in total. 

The table below shows the population based on the census 2021, however, the total population as per the recent data in Worldometers (https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/nepal-population/) is  31 million. 

Province 

Capital  

No of Districts 

Area  
(km2)  

Population  
(2021)  

Density  
(people/km2)  

Koshi Province 

Biratnagar 

14  

25,905 km2  

 4961412 

192  

Madhesh Province  

Janakpur 

8  

9,661 km2  

 6114600 

633 

Bagmati Province 

Hetauda 

13  

20,300 km2  

 6116866   

 301  

Gandaki Province 

Pokhara 

11  

21,504 km2  

 2466427  

115  

Lumbini Province  

  Deukhuri 

12  

22,288 km2  

 5122078   

230  

Karnali Province 

Birendranagar 

10  

27,984 km2  

1688412  

60  

Sudurpaschim Province 

Godavari 

9  

19,539 km2  

 2694783   

 138 

Nepal  

Kathmandu 

77  

147,181 km2  

29164578   

198  

 

For more information on Nepal's provinces, districts and local level, please see the following links: 

Provinces  of Nepal 

List of Districts in Nepal 

Nepal is a developing country with a lower-middle-income economy, Nepal's gross domestic product (GDP) for 2022 was  USD 40.83 b. (Nepal | Data (worldbank.org). The World Bank estimates Nepal’s GDP growth will decrease to 1.9% in the fiscal year 2023 and is estimated to grow by 3.9% in the fiscal year 2024.  

Generic country information can be located from sources which are regularly maintained and reflect current facts and figures. For a generic country overview, please consult the following sources: 

Nepal Wikipedia Country Information 

Nepal IMF Country Information 

Nepal Economist Intelligence Unit Information

(*note - this is a paid service) 

 

Humanitarian Info 

Nepal World Food Programme Information 

Nepal UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Information 

 

Facts and Figures 

Nepal Wolfram Alpha Information  

Nepal Maps & Facts - World Atlas 

Nepal World Bank Information  

Nepal World Population Information 

Nepal - 1.1 Humanitarian Background

Nepal's geographical location exposes it to extreme precipitation, seismic activities and landslides. 

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration 

Natural Disasters 

Type 

Occurs 

Comments / Details 

Drought 

Yes  

In 1994, Nepal witnessed the worst drought in its history that affected 35 districts of western hilly and plain lands of Terai regions. Western Nepal has experienced consecutive and worsening winter drought conditions since 2000, culminating in a severe drought episode during 2008/09 

Earthquakes 

Yes 

Nepal lies in one of the most seismically active regions of the world and has a long history of seismic events in the past, major being the 1934 Bihar-Nepal earthquake (8 magnitude), the 1988 Nepal earthquake (6.9 magnitude), and the 2015 Gorkha earthquake (7.8 magnitude). On 3 November 2023, at local time 23:47 hrs, a 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal, with an epicentre in Jajarkot district of Karnali Province. Historically, there has been dangerous seismic activity every 70 to 100 years in Nepal. Use of scenario ensembles for deriving seismic risk, research carried out by the Department of Geography at Durham University shows that the most at-risk districts are in rural western Nepal. 

Epidemics 

Yes 

Malaria, Cholera and gastroenteritis are endemic in all regions of the country. During the rainy season, the possibility of breakouts of all three diseases is very high. The largest cholera outbreak, with more than 30,000 people affected, was in the Western Nepal in 2009. 

 

Sporadic incidence of dengue was first recorded in 2004 in different regions of Nepal. Since then, cases of dengue have risen drastically, the total confirmed cases of dengue in 2022 were 54,784 with 88 deaths. As of 7 Aug 2023, the Epidemiology and Disease Control Division of the Ministry of Health and Population, Nepal has recorded 9411 confirmed cases of dengue, Sunsari district of Koshi Province is highly affected this year with 5041 confirmed cases. (Situation-updates-7-August-2023.pdf (dohs.gov.np) 

 

 

The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on Nepal, leading to 12,031 reported deaths. To control the virus’s spread, the government instituted a nationwide lockdown for five months starting from March 24, 2020, and another two-month lockdown beginning on April 29, 2021. While the spread of the virus is now under control, few cases of a new variant of the coronavirus, JN.1, have been reported in early 2024. 

Extreme Temperatures 

Yes 

Due to the extreme elevation changes within Nepal, there are major temperature differences. The plains of Terai bordering India, can experience very high temperatures up to 46°C in May and down to 7°C in January. Average temperatures in Nepal drop 6°C for every 1,000m gained in altitude. 

 

Heat waves from May to July, cold waves during November to January affects the daily lives of people in the plain lands of Terai region. Also, a constant thick fog during November-January in the plain lands of Terai regularly obstruct flights and road transport. During cold waves, vulnerable and disadvantaged population in the plain lands of Terai suffer from cold-related diseases (cold, flu and pneumonia) in large numbers and cold wave related deaths increase.  

Flooding 

Yes 

More than 6,000 rivers and rivulets flowing from north to south pose a varying degree of threat across the nation. Koshi in the east, Narayani in central, and Karnali and Mahakali in the west are perennial rivers who swell during the months of monsoon (June-September) and cause damage in river basins along their path. The problem of flooding and inundation is an annual risk during the monsoon and its impact on life and economy is always high.  

In the 2023 monsoon period, 92 people lost their lives in natural disaster-related incidents across the country. Similarly, 30 people have gone missing, and 168 sustained injuries in such incidents. 

(Source: (nagariknetwork.com) 

Insect Infestation 

No 

The first recorded incidence of Locusts entering Nepal was in 1962 and then in 1996. Towards the end of June 2020, some swarms were seen in the fields of the central plains of Terai region.  

Mudslides 

Yes 

Landslides are a frequent natural hazard in the hilly regions of Nepal. Both natural and human induced landslides due to steep slopes, fragile geology, high intensity of rainfall, deforestation, unplanned settlements, and roads are the major causes of landslide. The hilly districts of Nepal located in the Siwalik, Mahabharat range, Mid-land, and higher Himalayas are more susceptible to landslide  

Volcanic Eruptions 

No 

NA 

High Waves / Surges 

No 

NA 

Wildfires 

Yes 

A major hazard risk, besides flood, in plain lands of Terai region is seasonal wildfire and fire in community during the dry season (March-May). Wildfire poses major threat to forests of Nepal. The worst forest fire in recent times was recorded in 2009 when 49 people, including 13 Nepal Army personnel, died in Ramechhap district while fighting wildfire. Wildfires occur mostly in the forests of mid-hills and some events are recorded in the plain lands of Terai on a regular basis during dry season. 

A total of 1,816 incidents of forest fire were reported in 2023, a dramatic increase of 76.5% as compared to the previous year. 

Source: New fire risk system for Nepal - SERVIR-HKH (icimod.org) 

High Winds 

Yes 

High winds with lightning and hailstone are seasonal hazards that occur during March, April, and May (pre-monsoon events) leading to loss of life, livestock, and agriculture crops.  On 31 March 2019 a tornado caused 29 death and 1985 houses damaged in Bara and Parsa districts in Madhesh Province.  

Lightning Strikes 

Yes 

Lightning and thunderbolt related casualties are high in Nepal. Nepal tops the list of countries with the most lightning fatalities per unit area. The cases of lightning related casualties are overlooked because they tend to be isolated events with a relatively small number of casualties. 

(Source: ReliefWeb

Other Comments 

Heat waves from May to July, Cold waves during November to January affects daily lives of people in plain lands of Terai region. Also, a constant thick fog during November-January in plain lands of Terai regularly obstructs flights and road transport. During cold waves, vulnerable and disadvantaged population in the plain lands of Terai suffer from cold-related diseases (cold, flu and pneumonia) in large numbers and cold wave related deaths increase.  Lightning and thunderbolt related casualties are high in Nepal. Nepal tops the list of countries with the most lightning fatalities per unit area. The cases of lightning related casualties are overlooked because they tend to be isolated events with relatively small number of casualties. 

(Source: The Kathmandu Post)  

Man-Made Issues 

Civil Strife 

No 

The general situation in the country remains relatively calm. However, in recent months some street protests involving religious groups were reported in different cities of Nepal. The district administration office had imposed curfews to bring the situation under control. 

International Conflict 

No 

Nepal has maintained amicable relations with its neighbours and other nations. However, the border dispute with India has remained unresolved in Susta and Kalapani regions.  

Internally Displaced Persons 

Yes 

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) data estimates around 93000 persons were internally displaced in Nepal in 2022. The figure refers mostly to internal displacements triggered by floods during the monsoon season and the 6.3 magnitude Doti earthquake in November 2022. 

Source: (internal-displacement.org) 

Refugees Present 

Yes 

Nepal currently hosts around 20,000 refugees, including those from Tibet, Bhutan, and other states. The main arrivals of refugees took place in 1959 with an influx from Tibet, and again in 1990/1991 with an influx from Bhutan. 

Between 2007 and 2016 more than 113,500 Bhutanese refugees were resettled to eight different countries. 

Source: Nepal | UNHCR 

Landmines / UXO Present 

No 

Nepal was declared free from landmines and unexploded ordnance in June 2011 (Source: UNDP

Other Comments 

N/A 

 

For a more detailed database on disasters in the nation, please see the  National Distater Risk Reduction and Management Authority (bipad.gov.np) 

Seasonal Effects on Logistics Capacities 

Climate and Weather 

Nepal's climate ranges from sub-tropical to arctic depending upon the altitude. The plain lands of Terai region have a hot and humid climate, the average temperature in summer is 40°C and 7° in winter. The mid-hill region is pleasant almost the year-round, in summer the average temperature is 28°C while in winter the average temperature is 7°C during day and falls below freezing at night. The northern mountainous region, at an altitude 3,353 m and above, has an alpine climate with considerably lower temperatures up to -18°C in winter and -2°C in summer.  

In 2023, because of El Nino, Nepal during the summer received 11% less rainfall, reducing the agricultural production, mainly paddy. El Nino is continuing and expected that it remains still stronger till April 2024.  

Monsoon: The monsoon (June to September) of Nepal creates two distinct wet and dry seasons. Wet days of summer are monsoon days. Most of the rainfall in Nepal occurs during the monsoon in summer, with the rest of the year being dry.  

Summer: Summer (May to August), is the hottest season in Nepal. Hot but dry days are more comfortable than monsoon days which are hot and humid.  

Autumn: Autumn (September to November), begins with the end of the monsoon season and ends with beginning of winter in November. It is also a festival season.  

Winter: Winter (November through February) days are dry with few rains. A typical day in the Kathmandu valley in the winter season is as warm as 20° C on a sunny day but night temperatures fall below freezing. 

Spring: Spring (February to April) begins with occasional showers and rain. The days are mild and can be a little hazy if there are no showers for a long period. 

Air Quality: The air quality in Nepal is average, but it tends to get worse when there is less or no rainfall, the average Air Quality Index (AQI) for Nepal in 2022 was 112, which is considered unhealthy for sensitive groups. 

 

 

Seasonal Effects on Transport 

Transport Type 

Time Frame 

Comments / Details 

Primary Road Transport 

June-September  

 

The national highway in the country Mahendra Highway runs across the Plain lands of Terai region from east to west of the country. The highway, which is 1,028 kilometres in length is mostly single lane in each direction. Bridges and crossings along the highway are regularly damaged because of seasonal monsoon floods.  

Secondary Road Transport 

June-September 

 

Postal Highway in plain lands of Terai, Middle hill Highway in Hills, and other local and urban roads in both plain lands of Terai and Hills which comprises secondary road transport are connected to main Highways. Landslides and poor road conditions are a major problem for the secondary roads. Heavy rains cause numerous landslides and cut off remote areas during the monsoon. The economic impact of this is huge as farmlands, houses and pastures can be inaccessible or are lost. 

Rail Transport 

All Seasons 

The only passenger train service in Nepal is operated by Nepal Railway between Jainagar in India to Bhangaha (Dhanusa) in Nepal (Madesh Province). It covers 52 KM between the two stations.   

Nepal also has two other rail connectivity with India that are used for cargo transport. A 6 KM long broad-gauge track connects Indian town of Raxaul to Birgunj ICD in Nepal and an eight KM track connects Bathnaha of India to Biratnagar ICD in Nepal. (Ref: 2.4 Nepal Railway Assessment) 

 

Air Transport 

July- August; October-January   

 

Flood, Inundation, and low visibility, especially during monsoon and winter season in the plain lands of Terai and during afternoon in the mountains, often render airports inaccessible. Inadequate infrastructure and absence of Instrument Landing Systems (ILS), limit the use of these airports during fogs and overcast weather and heavy wind conditions. 

Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu and Gautam Buddha International Airport in Bhairahawa can accommodate large aircrafts (A330 types). Pokhara International Airport is suitable for narrow body aircrafts (A320 types).  

Waterway Transport 

NA  

NA 

 

Seasonal Effects on Storage and Handling 

Activity Type 

Time Frame 

Comments / Details 

Storage 

June - September 

Lack of essential goods can become a major issue during the monsoon season when certain roads are impassable due to landslides. In hill and mountainous areas, it’s advisable to pre-position goods in anticipation of road obstructions. A lack of organized, dedicated warehousing facilities in the country is a logistics challenge. Temporary arrangements can be made by using residential houses for storage 

Handling 

June -September 

Frequent rain slows down handling work during the monsoon season.  

Import, Customs clearance 

October/November 

 

December-April 

 

Congestion at Birgunj. Customs clearance certificates are usually issued to cargo only after 6:00pm from Birgunj Customs office. The cargo truck which enter ICP in the daytime have to hold until 6pm for exiting the customs office premises. This leads to congestion at the gate and ICP premises throughout the day. Also, importers who do not have their warehouses outside of the ICP premises tend to delay the customs clearance procedures in order to tranship their cargo from truck to truck without having to store their goods in a warehouse and pay additional charges (warehouse charge if store in ICP warehouse). Therefore, the parking bay is full most of the time. The exit road is also congested due to trucks standing in queue for the whole day until six pm. These are the factors causing congestion at the ICP. 

The lack of funds available to importers to pay the tariff for immediate imported goods and they take time to manages fund also leads to congestion at dry ports and ICPs. 

Earlier, one gate was operational and now two gates are in operation, one is for containers and the other for bagged containers of iron, steel, loose cargo, and coal, causing congestion at the exit point. 

During COVID-19, only medical goods were imported into Nepal in containers and there were no export goods. Medical supplies were delivered to across the country and empty containers returned to ICD and filled open space, but no steps were taken to dispatch the empty container from the ICD area. The train does not come only to carry that empty container. There is no one to bear the cost and there is no goods to be exported using these containers. This is also another cause of container congestion in the dry port. 

An area of 10000 sqm is under construction process for the Customs Inspection section. Also, during the major festival season in October/November ports and customs points tend to get busier due to high imports for the festivities. 

Congestion at Kolkata Port. Kolkata port can process an average of 107,842 TEU per month or 3,595 per day. However, this may vary depending on the season, weather, and other factors. However, congestion at Kolkata port can be caused by congestion in Nepali dry ports due to backlog containers. Due to the lack of rakes, the surging volume of imported goods during the festive season, and the reluctance of the Container Corporation to add the required number of racks to deliver imported goods on time. In case of prolonged delays in containers not being emptied and returned, this can suddenly congest the port in Kolkata if they receive backlogged containers all at once. Also, isolated issues like restrictions imposed by local government bodies on goods vehicle movement congest Kolkata dry port however these events are not seasonal. Haldia Dock System (HDC) at the Port of Kolkota is not a deep water port, which compels deep water vessels to tranship cargo in smaller feeder vessels in Singapore / Sri Lanka before it can be sent to Kolkota. Thus, a larger number of smaller vessels entering the ports increases the chance of congestion. Also due to the low water level, which reduces maximum draught and therefore load capacity per ship, from December to April, Kolkata port tends to be congested. 

 

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response 

GOVERNMENT 

The lead ministry for disaster preparedness and response at the federal level is the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), within which operates the Disaster Preparedness and Response Section (NEOC). Whereas, at the provincial level the lead ministries are the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Law of the province, within which operates the Provincial Emergency Operation Center (PEOC) at the provincial level and the District Emergency Operation Center (DEOC) at the district level. A National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (NDRRMA) is set-up to operate under the MOHA. The main responsibility of NDRRMA is to operate and manage activities related to disaster management in an effective manner. 

 

In 1982 the Natural Disaster Relief Act (NDRA) was formulated which was superseded by the Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) Act, 2017. The DRRM Act along with Local Government Operation Act (LGOA) 2017 provides the framework for all levels of government to work together on disaster risk reduction and response. The DRRM Act, 2017 has designated the National Council for Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (NCDRRM) under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister to discharge disaster-related functions effectively. There is an executive committee to implement policies and plans formulated by the council, chaired by the Home Minister.  

 

 

image-20240425112928-1

Diagram: National disaster response mechanism without Foreign Support 

 

The constitution of Nepal mandated the Nepal Army (NA) to mobilize to respond to any disaster situation. The Nepal Police (NP) and Armed Police Force (APF) are also mandated by law to respond to any disaster situation, primarily and most importantly for search and rescue in the first critical hours. 

National Framework for Disaster Response  

1. Upon the receipt of disaster/potential disaster information from the districts or local level, the following lead agencies shall carry out the operational activities.  

2. CNDRC, RDRC and DDRC shall organize an emergency meeting in coordination with Government agencies, International and national NGOs as per the need.  

3. Emergency operation centers at national, provinicial, district and municipality level shall coordinate with different relevant organizations to make disaster response activities effective.  

4. Within the respective mandate and scope, the following relevant organizations including the Disaster Management Division of MoHA, shall work as support agencies in disaster response management:   CNDRC members; Ministry of Finance, Foreign Affairs, Defense, Health and Population, Federal Affairs and Local Development, Agricultural Development; NHRC; Social Welfare Council; Department of Immigration, Waterborne Disaster Control, Health Service, Livestock, Hydrology and Meteorology, Road, Urban Development and Building Construction, Drug Management; National Seismological Centre; Waste Management Centre; National Trauma Centre; Nepalese Army; Nepal Police; Armed Police Force; Fire Brigade Office; Search and Rescue Team, RDRC/DDRC; DDCs; Local level Government Offices; Civil Aviation Authority; Nepal Food Corporation; and other concerned Ministries, Departments and Governmental and Non-Governmental Organization. UN Resident/Humanitarian Coordinator and UN agencies (UNDP, UNICEF, WHO, WFP, FAO, UNFPA, UNOCHA, IOM, UNHABITAT, UNHCR, UNDSS); relevant Clusters; multinational Organizations; ICIMOD; Diplomatic Missions; SAARC; INGOs, Red Cross movements; International Civil Aviation Organization.  

In the federal government, several departments have been formed under different ministries to enhance capacity for response, preparedness, and risk reduction. The provincial government coordinates between federal and local governments. The local government works directly with communities at all points of the disaster management cycle, from mitigation to resettlement, as mandated by the Local Government Operation Act 2017. The act has also mandated the establishment and operation of disaster management funds and the mobilization of resources. Furthermore, the endorsement of the Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act 2017 has mandated the formation of a national council, executive committee, and authority, as well as the delineation of roles, responsibilities, and accountabilities for disaster management. Subsequently, structures at the provincial and local levels are also formed. In this new disaster governance framework, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority is crucial in facilitating coordination and collaboration mechanisms among all for comprehensive disaster management. 

 

(Source: http://drrportal.gov.np/uploads/document/1594.pdf

 

 

Diagram: National disaster response mechanism within Foreign Support 

 

After the Government of Nepal determines the level of emergency and makes a decision to appeal for international support or not, the Nepal Government can activate the required cluster through the lead ministries and UN HCT. In case of large-scale disaster, the Onsite Operation and Coordination Centre (OSOCC) is activated to coordinate with the international community. Similarly, the Multinational Military Coordination Centre is activated through the Nepal Army Crisis Management Centre (NACRIMAC) to coordinate with the Multinational Military (MN Military) and with search and rescue groups (SAR) of the Nepal Army, Nepal Police and Armed Police Force. See diagram: National disaster response mechanism. 

(Source: https://www.adrc.asia/countryreport/NPL/2019/Nepal_CR2019B.pdf

 

For government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

HUMANITARIAN COUNTRY TEAM and CLUSTER COORDINATION 

There are 114 INGOs and 21 UN agencies present in Nepal. The Government of Nepal recognizes the important roles UN, INGOs and national NGOs play in disaster reduction and emergency response and has incorporated them into the overall planning and response process.  The humanitarian coordination architecture in Nepal is led-by the Government of Nepal via 11 clusters plus formal inter-cluster working groups on information management, community engagement (accountability to affected populations), cash, and gender in humanitarian action. 

Under the guidance of the Resident Coordinator, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) is responsible for the implementation of the international community’s inter-agency disaster preparedness and response activities in Nepal. The HCT Principals consists of representatives of the UN, Cluster Co-leads agencies, representatives from the Association of International NGOs and the Red Cross movement sits at senior levels and sets the strategic direction for the support to Nepal’s humanitarian ecosystem. Key donor partners are included members of the HCT in Nepal to strengthen coordination and information sharing, and to facilitate resource mobilization. 

In accordance with the direction of the HCT Principals, Cluster Co-leads and humanitarian partners ensure a coordinated response at working-level via the Operational HCT coordination platform. This enables operational engagement of the humanitarian community with the Government of Nepal, the private sector and local NGOs. 

Under the leadership of the UN Resident Coordinator, the HCT established the Provincial Coordination Focal Point Agencies (PCFPA) to enable coordinated preparedness and response at sub-national level. (Source: Humanitarian Coordination and Clusters | UN Nepal Information Platform)(Source: Humanitarian Coordination and Clusters | UN Nepal Information Platform

Humanitarian clusters’ Leads and Co-leads   

 Agency CO-lead  

Sector/Cluster  

Lead  

IOM  

Camp coordination and camp management cluster  

Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD)  

UNICEF/   
Save the Children  

Education cluster  

Center for Education and human Resource Center (MoEST)  

UNHABITAT/ IFRC  

Emergency Shelter Cluster  

Department of Urban Development and Building Construction (DUDBC)  

WFP  

Emergency Telecommunications cluster 

Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MoCIT)  

WFP / FAO  

Food Security sector  

Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD)  

WHO  

Health Cluster  

Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP)  

UNICEF  

Nutrition Sector  

Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD)  

WFP  

Logistics Sector  

Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA)  

UNICEF / UNFPA / UNHCR 

Protection Sector  

Ministry of Women, Children and Senior Citizens (MoWCS) 

UNICEF  

Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Cluster  

Ministry of Women, Children & Social Welfare (MoWCSW)  

UNDP  

Early Recovery Cluster  

Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration (MoFAGA)  

 

(Source: http://drrportal.gov.np/focalperson

For humanitarian agency contact details, please see the following link: 4.2 Humanitarian Agency Contact List

Nepal - 1.2 Regulatory Departments & Quality Control

Nepal Regulatory Departments 

Department of Food Technology and Quality Control (DFTQC):  

DFTQC is based in Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal under the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD) of Government of Nepal (GoN). DFTQC has the following three major objectives: 

  • Maintain safety and quality of food and feed products in the country by implementing updated food and feed act and regulations 

  • Promote entrepreneurship by developing and disseminating appropriate technologies. 

  • Improve nutritional status of the people through food-based approaches. 

The organizational structure of DFTQC: 

  • Food and Feed Safety and Quality Regulation Division 

  • Food Technology Development and Nutrition Division 

  • National Food and Feed Reference Laboratory 

  • SPS National Enquiry Point 

  • Codex and Infosan Secretariat 

Apart from the above-mentioned offices based in Kathmandu, it has: 

  • 8 Food Technology and Quality Control Offices in Biratnagar, Janakpur, Hetauda, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadhi, Pokhara and Surkhet. 

  • 12 Food Import Export Quality Certification Offices in Kakarbhitta, Rani, Jaleshwar, Birgunj, Tribhuvan International Airport, Belahiya, Krishnanagar, Nepalganj, Dhangadi, Mahendranagar, Rasuwa and Tatopani. 

  • 22 Food Technology and Quality Control Division Offices in Jhapa, Sunsari, Dhankuta, Udaypur, Saptari, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Chitwan, Parsa, Sindhuli, Dhulikhel, Kathmandu, Nuwakot, Tanahu, Kapilvastu, Palpa, Baglung, Dang, Jumla, Baitadi, Doti and Dadeldhura. These offices are mainly engaged in food / feed quality control activities such as food inspection, sample collection, and analysis of samples as well as preparation of cases if violations of food/feed laws and food safety and quality are found. 

DFTQC website: Department of Food Technology and Quality Control (dftqc.gov.np) 

Nepal Bureau of Standards and Metrology (NBSM):  

NBSM is the national standards body under the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Supplies (MoICS). It is also the national inquiry point / nodal point for the World Trade Organization (on technical barriers to trade and non-tariff measures) and focal point for National Authority on Disarmament Affairs (NADA). The NBSM implements a product certification scheme: Nepal Standard (NS). This is a voluntary scheme that assures quality of goods from Nepalese industries.  

Inspection and Certification Section of NBSM awards licenses to industry to apply the NS Mark on those products which conform to national standards and carry out inspection and certification work for product/process/services with the introduction of the certification scheme. A working manual has been developed to introduce and implement the Nepal Standards Certification Marks Scheme, referring to ISO/IEC 17065:2012-General requirements for Certification Bodies for products, process and services. Inspection and certification for product/process/services are carried out as per the operating procedures and instructions set in the working manual. 

NBSM site: Nepal Bureau of Standards & Metrology (nbsm.gov.np) 

Nepal Council for Standards (NCS):  

The NCS was formed under the "  Nepal Standards (Certification Mark) Act, 2037 (1980)", as the governing body for Quality, Standards, Testing and Metrology (QSTM) activities in Nepal. NBSM is to act as the secretariat to this council. 

Functions, Duties, and Responsibilities of the Nepal Council for Standards (NCS) 

  • Determine standards in relation to any goods, process or services, amend or cancel standards which have been prescribed.  

  • Recognize standards prescribed by any local or foreign institutions. 

  • Grant recognition to any governmental or non-governmental laboratory for the purpose of determination of standards or tests or suspend or cancel recognition which has once been granted. 

  • Prescribe the design and format of the certificates of legal standards, and of the certification mark; and  

  • Prescribe fees for certificate of standards and certification mark and for services. 
     

Source: Nepal Standards (Certification Mark) Act, 2037 (1980) – Nepal Law Commission 

 

Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA):  

The NTA is the telecommunications regulatory body of Nepal. It is an autonomous body established on February 1998 in accordance with Telecommunications Act, 1997 and Telecommunications Regulation, 1998. Its objective is to create a favourable and competitive environment for the development, expansion and operation of telecommunications services with the private sector participation in Nepal.  

It’s aims are: 

  • To make the telecommunications service reliable and easily available to the public. 

  • To make necessary arrangement to avail basic telecommunications service and facilities in all rural and urban areas throughout Nepal. 

  • To protect the rights and interests of consumers by ensuring the provision of quality service. 

  • To make arrangement for the coordination and healthy competition among the persons providing Telecommunications Service and facilities. 

Source: Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA) 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN):  

CAAN was established as an autonomous regulatory body on 31 December 1998 under Civil Aviation Act, 1996. CAAN is the regulator of civil aviation as well as the service provider in the areas of Air Navigation Services and Aerodrome Operations. 

Mission: Ensuring Safe, Secured, Efficient, Standard and Quality Service in Civil Aviation and Airport Operations. 

Vision: Making Air Services an Effective Vehicle of high Economic Growth through Wide Scale Tourism Promotion and Accessibility 

Source: CAAN -  (caanepal.gov.np) 

 

Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB):,  

The NRB is the central bank of Nepal, established in 1956 under the Nepal Rastra Bank Act 1955 is the monetary, regulatory and supervisory authority of banks and financial institutions. 

The objectives of NRB are as follows: 

  • To formulate necessary monetary and foreign exchange policies in order to maintain the stability of price and balance of payment for economic stability and sustainable development of economy, and manage it; 

  • To increase the access of the financial service and increase the public confidence towards the banking and financial system by maintaining stability of the banking and financial sectors, 

  • To develop a secure, healthy and efficient system of payment; 

Source: About - नेपाल राष्ट्र बैंक (nrb.org.np) 

Department of Drug Administration (DDA):  

The DDA established under Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP) regulates all functions related to drugs like misuse and abuse of drugs and its raw materials, to stop false and misleading advertisement and make-available safe, efficacious and quality drugs to the general public by controlling the production, marketing, distribution, sale, export, import, storage and use of drugs. The overall activities of DDA can be accessed via this Link

DDA has three regional offices at Biratnagar, Birgunj and Nepalgunj. These offices carry out the functions of regular inspection, registration and renewal related to pharmacies. They also act as co-ordinating centres to work in accordance to other functions mentioned in the Drugs Act 1978 (second amendment 2000) and directions as given by DDA.   

National Medicines Laboratory (NML):  

National Medicines Laboratory (NML) previously known as Royal Drug Research Laboratory (RDRL) was established in 1964 A.D. It is the principal body of government of Nepal for testing and analysis of drugs. It is a National Drug Control Laboratory. It has various sections like chemical analysis, microbiology, pharmacology & instrumental analysis. 

The main functions of NML are: 

  • Test and analyse the quality of drug as empowered according to the Drugs Act, 1978(AD). 

  • Check & evaluate the standard of drug testing laboratories in the country. 

  • Develop reference standard and make available to the pharmaceutical industries & laboratories. 

  • Conduct training on good laboratory practices. 

  • Audit laboratories of National Pharmaceutical industries. 

Source: Government Of Nepal|National Medicines Laboratory (nml.gov.np) 

For more information on regulatory departments and quality control laboratories’ contact details, please see the following links: 

4.3 Nepal Laboratory and Quality Testing Companies Contact List  

 

  

Nepal - 1.3 Customs Information

The Nepalese Customs Administration collects customs duty, Value Added Tax, excise and other taxes at the border points. It accounts for 44% of the total revenue and 50% of the total tax revenue of Nepal. Customs duties alone contribute 20% of the total tax revenue in Nepal  

Duties and Tax Exemption 

A tax exemption can be agreed with the Ministry of Finance (MoF) for importation of humanitarian goods under strict rules. The organizations must be registered in Nepal and need to request MoF for the tax exemption with a recommendation from the Social Welfare Council (SWC) and relevant line ministries or can request to the MoF directly if the organization has an Agreement (e. g. Umbrella Agreement) or Memorandum of Understanding with MoF. MoF will grant tax exemption as per the Government policies, rules and regulations. For more information on Nepal's custom authorities and contact information, please see the links below:  

4.1 Nepal Government Contact List 

Emergency Response 

Agreements / Conventions Description 

Ratified by Country? 

Date of Ratification 

WCO (World Customs Organization) member 

Yes 

22 July 1986 

Annex J-5 Revised Kyoto Convention 

N/A 

  

OCHA Model Agreement 

Yes 

31 May 2007 

Tampere Convention (on the Provision of Telecommunication Resources for Disaster Mitigation and Relief Operations) 

Yes 

23 April 1999 

 

Regular Regime (Non-Emergency Response) 

The Customs Act 2064 was ratified in 2007 with First and Second Amendments ratified in 2009. The full details of the current Nepal Customs Act can be found at the Customs Act, 2064 (2007) 

Organizational Requirements to obtain Duty Free Status 

United Nations Agencies 

 The UN has a long-standing agreement with the Government of Nepal for duty-free importation.   

Non-Governmental Organizations 

The government has a provision to provide duty-free exemption to NGOs on an event basis.  It doesn’t have a provision to provide exemption by long-term agreements.  NGOs need to apply for duty-free exemption through the Social Welfare Council (SWC) by following specific procedures

 

Exemption Certificate Application Procedure 

Duties and Taxes Exemption Application Procedure 

Generalities  

Request for exemption is first sent to the Foreign Aid Division of the Ministry of Finance. Once the Finance Secretary or the Minister (depending upon the threshold) approves the request, the approval is sent to the Customs Department at the intended entry point where an Import Permit will be issued. Generally, importers or exporters within the territory of Nepal have to furnish the following shipping documents regarding their importation or exportation of commodities: 

  • Compulsory Documents:  

  • Shipper’s Import/Export declaration form (BPP) 

  • Invoice 

  • Packing list 

  • Letter of credit 

  • Certificate of origin 

  • Certificate of insurance 

  • Bill of Lading / Airway Bill/ Airlines Cargo Delivery Order (DO)/International Transport Document-CMR  

  • Shipper’s declaration for dangerous goods  

  • Industry Registration Certificates 

  • Permanent Account Number (with VAT Registration and Income Tax Registration if not exempt). 

  • For goods over USD 100,000 in value: A request or concurrence letter from the relevant line ministry (for example for medical supplies from the Ministry of Health and Population for medical supplies). 

Additional required documents for Food Items: 

  • Optional Documents:  

  • Duty- exemption letter (in case of diplomatic or exemption status); 

  • Customs Transit Declaration (CTD) for import only; 

  • Generalized System of Preferences GSP Form A (certificate of origin) for ready-made garments and carpets exportation to India and the European Union. 

  • Concurrence certificate from the Department of Archaeology, Wildlife, Forestry, or any other agency when required for exported goods; 

  • Phytosanitary certificate. 

Process to be followed  

  1. Goods over 100,000 USD value: obtain request or concurrence letter from line ministry; 

  1. Submit request for exemption to the Ministry of Finance's Foreign Aid Division; 

  1. Finance Secretary approves request; 

  1. Finance Secretary issues letter to Customs Department at intended entry point; 

  1. Customs Department entry point issues Import Permit; 

  1. Goods cleared through Customs at entry point. 

  1. For food items, prior approval is required from DFTQC (Department of Food Technology and Quality Control) and/ or PQPMC (Plant Quarantine and Pest Management Center) depending upon types of food to be imported. The link to access both departments is NNSW - Login (Nepal National Single Window). Company or person with PAN number need to be pre registered in the system to get the import permit. 

Exemption Certificate Document Requirements 

Duties and Taxes Exemption Certificate Document Requirements (by commodity) 

  

Food 

NFI (Shelter, WASH, Education) 

Medicines 

Vehicle & Spare Parts 

Staff & Office Supplies 

Telecomms Equipment 

Invoice 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

AWB/BL/CMR/Other Transport Documents 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Packing Lists 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Other Documents 

3 original Phyto- sanitary certificates, 3 copies, 1 original Certificate of Origin, 3 copies* 

N/A 

N/A 

3 original Phyto- sanitary certificates, 3 copies, 1 original Certificate of Origin, 3 copies* 

N/A 

1 original permit from the Department of Telecommunications, 3 copies* 

Additional Notes: *Applies to both UN and NGO’s. 

I/NGO’s have different procedures from the UN. I/NGO’s must be registered with Social Welfare Council, Ministry of Finance with notification from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. After the registration procedure is done with the above-mentioned entities, application for registration is made to the Department of Customs. All customs clearance and duty exemption requests are submitted first to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs which checks and certifies the documents. If the items requested for duty exemption are on the Government-approved list (issued by the Ministry of Finance) then the request is approved and processed. If the items are not on the Government-approved list, the request must be submitted and approved by the Ministry of Finance. Documents required for this request are: 

  • Bill of Lading; Air waybill, International Transport Document 

  • Insurance policy (only for commercial goods for risk of loss); 

  • Certificate of Origin; 

  • Certificate of Analysis 

  • Invoice; 

  • Packing List; 

  • Mode of Payment (grant, donation, non-commercial certificate). 

 

Customs Clearance 

General Information  

The delays at Border Posts can take up to 4 days during peak times before major holidays in October and November (such as Dashain and Tihar). It is critical to get all the paperwork accurate and correct. 

Customs Information 

Document Requirements  

See the table below. 

Embargoes 

None 

Prohibited Items 

Importation of narcotic drugs, beef and beef products, valuable metals and jewellery are prohibited except under bag and baggage regulations. Prohibited exports include archaeological and religious artefacts, controlled wildlife, narcotics, arms, ammunition, explosives, industrial raw materials, imported raw materials, parts, capital goods, timber and logs. 

General Restrictions 

Products that may be imported only under special licenses include arms, ammunition, explosives, communication equipment, computers, TVs, VCRs, Drones, and walkie-talkies. 

Customs Clearance Document Requirements 

Customs Clearance Document Requirements (by commodity) 

  

Food 

NFI (Shelter, WASH, Education) 

Medicines 

Vehicles & Spare Parts 

Staff & Office Supplies 

Telecoms Equipment 

D&T Exemption Certificate 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Invoice 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

AWB/BL/CMR/Other Transport Documents 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Yes, 1 original, 3 copies* 

Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Packing Lists 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

Phytosanitary Certificate 

Yes, 3 originals, 3 copies* 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Other Documents 

(not required approval for UN org except Telcom equipment) 

N/A 

Approval from Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare must be obtained. 

Approval from Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare must be obtained. 

N/A 

Approval from Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare must be obtained. 

Approval from the Ministry of Communication must be obtained for the frequencies and bandwidth to be used. 

Additional Notes: *Applies to both UN and I/NGO’s. 

In order to clear goods through Customs, the final duty-free exemption letter will be obtained from the Head of Customs and will be addressed to the Customs Officer at the border crossing point. It will authorize an approved clearing agent to clear the goods as per the specifications contained in the approval letter. 
There is no enough cold chain storage available for vaccines at TIA custom cargo and normally Vaccine Center, Logistics Management Division-LMD, Teku clear the shipment in the same day due to temperature-sensitive items. 

Customs clearance procedure for relief materials (Emergency Response) 

The Nepal “Customs clearance procedure for relief materials, 2017” is applicable for customs clearance of humanitarian relief materials to be used in a disaster situation. materials, 2017” is applicable for customs clearance of humanitarian relief materials to be used in a disaster situation. 

Fast-Track Duties and Taxes Exemption Application Procedure 

Generalities  

The following relief materials can be imported for search, rescue and relief: 

  1. Food 

  1. Medicine and materials required for treatment 

  1. Clothing 

  1. Blanket 

  1. Tent, Mattress and temporary residential construction materials 

  1. Prefabricated house including essential merchandise 

  1. Floor covering, mattress and articles of bedding 

  1. Mosquito nets 

  1. Water purifying medicines and equipment 

 

Relief materials can be imported through the following major customs offices in general: 

  1. Tribhuvan International Customs Office, Gauchar, Kathmandu 

  1. Gautam Buddha International Airport, Siddharthanagar, Rupandehi 

  1. Mechi Customs Office, Kakarvitta, Jhapa 

  1. Biratnagar Customs Office, Rani, Morang 

  1. Birgunj Customs Office, Birgunj, Parsa 

  1. Dry port Customs Officer, Sirsiya, Parsa 

  1. Bhairahawa Customs Office, Belahiya, Rupandehi 

  1. Krishnanagar Customs Office, Krishnanagar, Kapilbastu 

  1. Nepalgunj Customs Office, Nepalgunj, Banke 

  1. Kanchanpur Customs Office, Mahendranagar, Kanchanpur 

  1. Tatopani Customs Office, Liping, Sindhupalchowk 

  1. Rasuwa Customs Office, Rasuwa 

Note: Besides these major entry points there are other small entry points.  

Agencies eligible to import relief materials for search, rescue and relief are: 

  1. The United Nations and UN Agencies, 

  1. Governmental (GOV), Intergovernmental (IGO), and Non- Governmental (NGO) organizations certified by the UN and following the framework of UN relief operation. 

  1. Transport carriers contracted by these agencies for transportation of relief consignment(s) and/or possessions of disaster relief personnel as bona fide participants within the framework of a UN relief operation. 

  1. International humanitarian organizations, institutions, and agencies under agreement with the Government of Nepal. 

  1. Government agencies of a foreign country. 

  1. Organizations importing relief materials intended to deposit in a warehouse specified by the Government of Nepal. 

  1. Any other agency as specified by the Government of Nepal. 

Provision for temporary import of relief materials for the use in search, rescue and relief operations can be granted on the condition of re-export of such goods and maintaining a record of details of the goods. 

After a disaster or emergency, the Ministry of Home Affairs or Ministry of Finance can issue a directive to waive customs duties and taxes for importation of priority relief items* for a specified time period. Notwithstanding the list above, the government can amend the list to add or delete items, which will be specified in the directive by applicable customs sub-title category and by relief item type. 

The national logistics cluster will share the customs duty waiver directive with humanitarian agencies.  

For Fast-Track customs clearance of relief materials, the Government departments involved, and the Customs department will expedite clearance of the relief materials to complete customs clearance within 24 hours or less, round the clock, provided that the customs declaration is complete and complies to the requirements. Clearance will also be done with priority when documents are submitted prior to the arrival of the relief materials. 

The Fast-Track process has the same steps and document requirements as the regular regime (non-emergency response). 

In case a national emergency has been declared, a “One-stop shop” may be started, that brings together staff from all the selected government agencies necessary to expedite clearance of humanitarian relief cargo. This was done at Tribhuvan International Airport during the 2015 earthquake relief operations, and during the COVID-19 response.   

Process to be followed  

  1. Goods over 100,000 USD value: obtain request or concurrence letter from line ministry. 

  1. Submit request for exemption to the Ministry of Finance's Foreign Aid Division. 

  1. Finance Secretary approves request. 

  1. Finance Secretary issues letter to Customs Department at intended entry point. 

  1. Customs Department entry point issues Import Permit. 

  1. Goods cleared through Customs at entry point. 

Documents to be submitted for the Customs declaration: 

  1. Invoice or donation letter with details (including the value of the goods) or Simplified Declaration Form as per Annex-1 of the “Customs clearance procedure for relief materials, 2017” 

  1. Packing list. 

  1. Bill of lading or airway bill or International Transport Document.  

  1. Authorization letter addressed to Customs to release the goods on behalf of the importer. 

  1. Customs Transit Declaration (CTD) form in case of third-country import. 

  1. UN Certificate duly signed has to be submitted for import from the UN and UN related agencies. 

When immediate release of the goods is required imported by the UN or its specialized agencies or to be imported on the recommendation of Ministry of Foreign Affairs or imported on behalf of Government, the same shall be permitted even if temporary or incomplete declaration is made, provided the required documents are submitted and the necessary Customs procedures are complied with, within 30 days of the release of the goods. 

 

 

As per the OCHA Model agreement, which was signed on 31 May 2007, the government shall do the following regarding the importation of disaster relief supplies during a national emergency:  

  • Waive of import duties and taxes for priority relief items* imported by the UN agencies or organisations (I/NGO’s) involved in UN disaster relief operations for distribution free of charge to victims of the disaster in Nepal. 

  • Facilitates the issuance of transit visa for inland cargo transport and port facilities clearance of relief consignments coming to Nepal via India with the Government of India. 

  • Facilitates importation or temporary admission of equipment and disaster relief personnel for disaster relief operations. 

  • Makes arrangements to release promptly the maximum number of relief consignments after arrival, upon presentation of provisional entry documents, subject to fulfillment of customs and other requirements within a specified time limit. 

As per the Tampere Convention, which was signed on 23 April 1999, the Government of Nepal will facilitate the provision of prompt telecommunication assistance to mitigate the impact of a disaster. Regulatory barriers that impede the use of telecommunication resources for disasters are waived. These barriers include the licensing requirements to use allocated frequencies, restrictions on the import of telecommunication equipment, as well as limitations on the movement of humanitarian teams. 

* List of Humanitarian Priority Items: As of 2019, the Government of Nepal, Ministry of Home Affairs is working to update the list of humanitarian priority items for relief operations in Nepal. During large-scale emergencies, if a national emergency is declared and international assistance has been requested by the Nepal government, the government can issue a directive to waive customs duties and taxes for importation of the priority relief items listed for a specified time period.  

Transit Regime 

The majority of Nepal’s imported goods are shipped through the ports of India, namely Kolkata, and the information contained in this section applies to this transit regime.  

  • All cargo documents for clearing should be filed with the shipping line, port authority, and customs authorities for clearing and possession of cargo.  

  • Cargo is unloaded from the ship by the port authorities. If the cargo is in containers and these are not to be forwarded to the Indo-Nepal border, then de-stuffing is done at the port at the cost of the importer.  

  • The shipping line gives possession of the cargo to the importer's clearing and forwarding agent after examining the original Bill of Lading and all shipping documents.  

  • The importer's clearing agent gets the cargo appraised by Indian customs authorities who open the container(s) and conduct inspection in accordance with the cargo documents (invoice, packing list, etc.) After a satisfactory inspection, customs authorities endorse the import license and other cargo documents and seal the container(s) so that it can be forwarded to the Indo-Nepal border.  

  • The importer's clearing agent should obtain a transit insurance policy for the Indian import duty leviable in favour of the Collector of Customs.  

  • After completion of these formalities, the Customs authorities issue a Customs Transit Declaration (CTD) form that allows movement of Nepal-bound cargo from the Kolkata Port to the land customs post at the Indo-Nepal border. 

  • After the CTD, on request of the clearing agent the shipping line will issue a Delivery Order. 

  • An “Undertaking Letter,” one per shipment, is issued by the Nepal Consulate in Kolkata upon request of the importer (or importer’s clearing agent), to indemnify the Nepal Transit & Warehousing Co. Ltd., (NTWC) and Consulate General of Nepal in Kolkata from any loss and shall not be held liable if the consignment is diverted to any other place except Nepal.  

  • The cargo goes to the Continental Freight Temporary Storage facility. The rate is $250/day / container. As of 2019, the government of Nepal has built its own Container freight station (CFS) at Kolkata port. This CFS with a capacity to store 500 containers is cheaper as the storage facilities operated by the Kolkata Port. 

  • When all documents are ready (undertaking letter, delivery order, CTD, Bill of lading and all shipping documents, the Port Authority issues a gate pass and the container or cargo is ready for transit to Nepal. 

  • Transit can be by rail (departs 6 days a week, but during COVID-19 pandemic twice a week) or by road, which is the choice of the importer and importer’s clearing and forwarding agent.  

The Nepal Department of Customs (DOC) has graduated  its core Customs automation system from ASYCUDA++ to the web-based ASYCUDA World, with assistance from the Asian Development Bank. ASYCUDA world is being used at 24 main customs entry points of Nepal, covering 99.5 percent of the international trade.  

Custom Legislation 

Nepal - 2 Logistics Infrastructure

Nepal’s logistics infrastructure is generally perceived as underdeveloped and unreliable with the rugged, mountainous terrain further complicating matters. It is crucial to carefully plan any movement through the road or air network, especially during the monsoon season.   

Despite these geographical challenges, Nepal has seen some significant infrastructure development in recent years. A 2.68 KM tunnel is currently under construction on the Prithivi Highway and is expected to be completed by April 2024. This tunnel will provide a safer route for commuters entering and exiting Kathmandu, bypassing an eight-km stretch of road with sharp turns. The expansion of the Butwal-Narayangadh section from the existing two-lane road to six lanes of the East-West highway and the widening of the existing two-lane highway into four lanes of the Muglin-Pokhara section of the Prithivi Highway to four lanes is in progress. Another ongoing Mega Highway Project is the Kathmandu-Terai/Madesh Expressway which is 72.5 km and runs along the Bagmati River corridor, at Sano Khokana, travels through Chhaimale Gausel, Malta, Budune, and Chhatitiwan, and reaches to Nijgadh where it connects with East-West Mahendra Highway by 193 km and saves traveling time by more than four hours. In addition to these projects, local and provincial governments are also focusing on road infrastructure development. 

As a landlocked nation, waterways are not a feasible option for the transportation of goods or passengers in Nepal. The country does have three railway lines: the Raxaul–Sirsiya and Bathnaha - Biratnagar lines, which are cargo rail lines, and the Jainagar– Bhangha line, which serves for passenger transport. 

In collaboration with the Indian government, Nepal has constructed Integrated Check Posts (ICPs) in Birgunj and Biratnagar, with two additional ICPs in Bhairahawa and Nepalgunj currently under construction. These ICPs, equipped with facilities including customs, quarantine, and warehouses, facilitate easier cross-border trade.  

 

Road Travel 

Roads are of poor quality away from the main arterial highways. Bad driving, frequent traffic jams, road blockages caused by landslides or bridge collapses, broken down vehicles, and fuel shortages mean that logistics plans must allow a wide margin of error.  

The total road network of Nepal is around 80,078 KM including 26,935 km of roads constructed and maintained by the Department of Roads (DOR) and 53,143 km of roads constructed by the local government. DOR data reflects the total length of National Highways is 11,178.92 KM. The road network is classified in two major groups: Strategic Road Network (SRN) and Local Road Network (LRN). Strategic Road Network (SRN), features featuring eight major north-south and three east-west corridors and assumes a central role in reducing the cost of logistics (including the cost of imports and exports). Mahendra Highway, Postal Highway, and Pushpa Lal Highway traverse east to west of the country, and Tribhuvan Highway, Araniko Highway, Mechi Highway, Koshi Highway, Mahakali Highway, Prithivi Highway, Sagarmatha Highway, Siddhartha Highway are the major highways from south to north. Besides being the major mode of access for passengers and goods, it provides a critical connection to India, the country’s largest trading partner and principal conduit for third-country trade, and China. 

(Source: Sector Overview: Road and Transport

Trade 

Located between China in the north and India in the east, west, and south, Nepal’s trade competitiveness suffers from delays when passing through seaports in neighbouring countries, inefficiencies at land border crossings, and limitations on routes for transit cargo. Lack of efficient transit increases the costs of transportation and logistics, pushing up the prices of imported, essential, and nonessential consumer goods, as well as the prices of inputs.  

Nepal shares 1770 km long border and 22 border points with India, placing India as the most important trading partner as well as transit for third-country trade. Visakhapatnam Port in Andhra Pradesh and Port of Kolkata in Kolkata are the two seaports from where Nepal brings in or sends goods to third countries. India accounts for over two-third of Nepal’s merchandise trade and almost 100% of petroleum supplies among others.  

Trade with China through border points in the North has increased but still is significantly lower compared to trade with India. The Araniko Highway which is part of Asian Highway (AH42) is a major road link between China and Nepal. Nepal signed the Transit Transport Agreement (TTA) with China to boost trade through northern Border.  (Source: Project Information Document, Asian Development Bank) As part of the TTA Nepal was granted access to four Chinese seaports at Tianjin, Shenzhen, Lianyungang and Zhanjiang and three dry ports at Lanzhou, Lhasa, and Xigatse. (Source: Ports Open for Nepal) However, since the closest Chinese port is 4,250 km overland distance from Kathmandu, this is not recommended as alternative to importing sea cargo via Kolkota, India.   

Supply Chain from India 

  1. Kolkata 

The sea port of Kolkota* is the main entry point for international cargo imported to Nepal. The Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) manages two separate dock agglomerations: Kolkata Dock System (KDS) in the centre of Kolkota and Haldia Dock Complex (HDC) located 80 km South of KDS on the Haldia river, closer to the Bay of Bengal. The main cargo handled at HDC is petroleum, chemicals, coal, iron ore and steel, while KDS is the main port for containers, coal and fly ash. Birgunj Inland Container Depot (ICD) at Sirsiya is 924 kms away from KDS port; 2-3 days by cargo vehicle. Containers can be transported by Indian Railways which must wait until a full train of 90 container wagons is collected before dispatch, which takes three days to reach Birgunj. During dry season November to February, access to Port of Kolkata is limited due to low draft in the access river, leading to increased waiting times at the port.  

The Biratnagar Inland Clearance Depot (ICD) is operational at the border is well connected to the gateway ports of Kolkata (600 kms) by road or by rail till Jogbani, Bihar. 

  1. Visakhapatnam  

Visakhapatnam port in Andhra Pradesh, one of 12 major ports in India, is located 1,436 kms away from Nepal. The port is expected to facilitate Nepal’s third-country trade, as a deep-water port, where deep-water cargo vessels can be docked. To access Haldia Dock Complex of Port of Kolkata, cargo must be taken to Singapore or Sri Lanka and reloaded into smaller feeder vessels to enter India, which adds cost and time. Visakhapatnam with its bigger capacity could reduce shipping cost by sea by avoiding this step, but it adds transport costs and time overland to Nepal due to its longer distance to Nepal. Transport by rail from Visakhapatnam port to Birgunj takes approximately 10 days, while transport by truck will take around 12 days.   

Air Transport 

Domestic airports have an important role in connecting people across the country and are heavily used in rural areas in times of distress when road connectivity is limited. Presently, the country has three international and 28 domestic airports in operation. The terrain and high altitude of some deliveries mean specialist advice is always necessary, particularly during the monsoon from June to September.  

Most airports in remote locations have no material handling equipment, re-fuelling facilities, adequate firefighting capacity, and limited or no storage capacity. However, airports in major towns and cities are well-equipped and have night landing facilities. 

Storage 

Nepal has several purposely built warehouses (called “go-downs”) that are owned by government entities, such as Food Management and Trading Company (FMTC) and Salt Trading Corporation (STC). There’s a lack of third-party logistics support, and an inadequate number of storage facilities, especially in sub-national and sub-metropolitan areas. 

 

Nepal - 2.1 Port Assessment

Nepal is a landlocked country and relies on the Port of Kolkata in India to handle practically all its sea freight imports.  The Government of Nepal owns a Container Freight Station (CFS) at Kolkata Dry Port which can store 500 containers.  

Nepal has multiple dry ports. Birgunj dry port is the largest dry port in terms of annual volume of cargo and income from customs duties and taxes.  

Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board (NITDB), is a public-private partnership (PPP) entity that develops, manages, and promotes Inland Clearance Depots (ICDs) for the facilitation of Export and Import in Nepal. Currently, there are five ICDs in operation in the border towns of Nepal – India and Nepal – China border. Birgunj ICD, Bhairahawa ICD, Kakarvitta ICD are located at Nepal’s border town with India, Tatopani ICD is located at Nepal – China border and Chovar ICD is in the capital Kathmandu. The Rasuwagadhi ICD at Nepal – China border is under construction and is expected to be completed by 2026. Birgunj ICD is linked with both rail and road networks, other ICDs are linked via road only. 

Government of Nepal in collaboration with the Government of India is operating two Integrated Check Points (ICPs) at Birgunj and Biratnagar. Two other ICPs, one at Bhairahawa, is under construction, and another in Nepalgunj, has recently finished the construction and commencing operations are underway.    

[An ICP (Integrated check point): is a multipurpose customs check point, operating on both sides of the border, to facilitate cross-border trade and movement of people.] 

 

An ICD (Inland Clearance Depot): is a dry-port, purposely build to handle import, export, intermodal transfer, temporary storage and customs clearance of goods, with storage capacity, terminal buildings and logistics handling equipment. It is combination transport terminal and customs clearance point at an inland facility. Most ICDs in Nepal are operated on the border, next to an ICP (Birgunj, Bhairahawa), but it can also be located some distance away from the border customs check point or ICP (as in Biratnagar and  Kathmandu).] 

Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Ports 

The Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Ports is aimed at promoting and developing dry ports of international importance as one of the means to establish an international integrated intermodal transport and logistics system within Asia as well as between Asia and its neighbouring regions. The dry ports registered and recognized as “Dry ports of International importance” are: Bhairahawa ICD, Birgunj ICD, Kakarbhitta ICD and Tatopani ICD. Tatopani ICD and Rasuwagadhi customs office are Nepal’s two main customs points with China. 

(Source: Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Ports

2.1.1 India Port of Kolkata


Port Overview

Nepal is a land-locked country and relies on the Kolkata Port in India for handling practically all of its sea freight imports.  Kolkata Port is India's only riverine port with two dock systems - Kolkata Dock System at Kolkata with the oil wharves at Baj Baj and a deep water dock system at Haldia Dock Complex for seaborne trade. It has sophisticated port and extensive storage facilities for diverse cargo. The container terminal is computerized.  Large volumes of humanitarian aid for Nepal passes through the Kolkata Port, such as WFP’s food. 

 

PORT LOCATION & CONTACT

Country

India

Province or District

West Bengal

Nearest Town or City

Kolkata

Port's Complete Name

Port of Kolkata

Latitude

22.54806

Longitude

88.30139

Managing Company or Port Authority

Kolkata Port Trust

Management Contact Person

Chairman:
+91 2230-537
+91 2203 451 (ext. 201)
+91 776 11110 

Port Picture

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

For more information on port contacts, please see the following links:

 4.4 Nepal Port and Waterways Companies Contact List

Customs and Clearance Agents in Kolkata

Sea Rates Port of Calcutta

World Port Source Port of Kolkata

Port of Kolkata Wikipedia Information 

Port Performance

During 2008-09, Kolkata Port (KoPT) handled traffic of 54.05 million tons compared to 57.3 million tons handled in 2007-08. The decline in traffic is due to the transfer of POL (crude oil) through Paradip-Haldia Pipeline, and a decline in iron ore traffic due to the volatile iron ore market and global economic crisis. During 2008-09, KoPT ranked 5th amongst all Indian Major Ports in respect of volume of traffic handled (1st: Kandla – 72.225 million tons; 2nd: Visakhapatnam - 63.908 million tons; 3rd: Chennai – 57.491 million tons, 4th: JNPT – 57.281 million tons). KoPT ranked second among Indian major ports in coke coal handling during 2008-09. The port handled 5.93 million tons and registered a growth of 8.3 percent, higher than the average growth (7.13 percent) registered by Indian major ports. KoPT handled 429,417 TEUs in 2008-09 compared to 425,405 TEUs in 2007-08. Kolkata Port ranked third among Indian Major Ports in respect to containerized cargo handled. By handling 41,379 TEUs, KoPT surpassed its earlier record of 40,220 TEUs handled in February 2008. In August 2008, Kolkata Dock System handled an all-time traffic record. By handling 28,128 TEUs it surpassed its earlier record of 27,562 TEUs handled in August 2007.

Customs Guidance

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Nepal Customs Information

Nepal - 2.1.2 Birgunj Dry Port

Port Overview 

Nepal is a land-locked country and relies on the Kolkata Port in India to handle practically all of its imports by sea. Birgunj dry port is the only Rail based ICD at Sirsiya, in Madhesh Province is one of five dry ports (referred to by the Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board (NITDB) as Inland Clearance Depots, ICDs) currently active in the country.  An addition at the Birgunj ICD is the Birgunj Integrated Check Post (ICP) to facilitate customs clearance activities. The purpose of the ICP is to integrate efficient customs clearance processes at the authorized border crossing points to facilitate the clearance of cargo and people in support of trade between Nepal and India. The ICD and ICP facilities are located next to each other at the border. The facilities are awarded by the Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board to Pristine Valley Dryport Pvt. Ltd for the ICD Birgunj, Sirsiya on 8th July 2021, and TRS Himalayan Logipark (P) Ltd for ICP Birgunj terminal clearance purposes on 1st April 2023. NITDB: http://nitdb.gov.np/en/ 

 

The top three land border crossings in Nepal in terms of import and export value are (1) Birgunj (Madhesh Province): 32.82% of import share (2) Bhairahawa (Lumbini Province): 15.19% of import share (3) Biratnagar (Koshi Province): 11.57% of import share value during Mid-July 2022-Mid-July 2023. (Ref: https://www.customs.gov.np

Birgunj Inland Container Depot (ICD) at Sirsiya 

The Inland Clearance Depot (ICD) at Sirsiya, Birgunj is the first terminal in Nepal linked by rail to India and designed to handle the transportation and transshipment of goods between seaports and inland destinations of Nepal. NITDB awarded Pristine Valley Dryport Pvt. Ltd. the contract to operate and manage the Inland Clearance Depot in Sirsiya. It facilitates the direct movement of containers and break-bulk cargo from Kolkata port and other places in India. The ICD has six full-rake railway sidings. It handles more than 20,000 TEU (Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit) annually. It can store up to 1,568 TEU. It has been constructed on 38 ha (94 acres) land.  

 

Port Website: Birgunj ICD 

Key port information may also be found at http://www.maritime-database.com 

Port Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal  

Province or District 

Madhesh Province 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

TOWN NAME: Birgunj 

DISTANCE (km): 8 KM 

Port's Complete Name 

Sirsiya Inland Container Depot  

Latitude 

27.02421 

Longitude 

84.85377 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

 

 

Pristine Valley Dryport Pvt. Ltd. for ICD 

 

Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board 

Management Contact Person 

Tanka Raj Joshi, 9845886544 

 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

AIRPORT NAME: Simara Airport 23.4 KM  

 

Port Picture 

image-20240507115702-1

Pic: Ariel view of Birgunj ICD 

 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

  1. Container Corporation of India Ltd. (CONCOR) is an Indian public sector company currently engaged in India in the business of providing terminal services and facilities for handling and transportation of containerized cargo by rail, road and coastal shipping, and intermodal logistics services for aggregation and distribution of cargo.  

(2) Valley Groups as Nepalese Partner Company. 
(3) Rivro Logistics Pvt. Ltd. is in the business of transit cargo and warehouse management at the Kolkata and Haldia port in India and in Raxaul, Birgunj, and Kakervitta in Nepal, it also provides clearing and forwarding services to public sector undertakings in Nepal for exports from and imports into Nepal. 

For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: HQ staff will input a link to section 4.4 Port and Waterways Companies Contact List here. 

Port Performance 

During June through August, when it is the monsoon season, the dry port is less busy. During festival season (Dashain, Tihar, Chhath in October/November) the dry port is very busy. From December through February, when it is the winter season, the dry port is most busy, because companies start restocking goods after the monsoon season and stockpiling goods for the winter season. The dry port can be congested during these months. 

 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

Yes  

From June to August 

Major Import Campaigns 

Yes  

Festival season in October/November 

Other Comments 

N/A 

 

Handling Figures for 2022  

Vessel Calls* 

N/A 

Container Traffic (TEUs) 

55504 Imports 

1200 Export 

*Number of Trains: 641 (in 2022 A.D.) 

Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk for 2022  

Bulk (MT)  

520257   

Breakbulk (MT) 

232198  

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges.  

Following is the tariff charged by the Terminal handling company:  

Pristine Valley Dry Port Pvt. Ltd. 

Inland Clearance Depot, ICD Birgunj, Sirsiya Dryport, Parsa, Nepal PAN: 609754971 

ICD Address: Sirsiya Dryport, ICD Birgunj, Parsa, Nepal 
Contact Details: Mr. Vikas Sharma (+977-98015-66050), Mr. Aditya Roy (+977-98011-29979) 

Terminal Tariff with effect from 07-Aug-2020 and remain valid till further notification 

Description of Activities 

Amount in (NPR) 

20' 

40' 

IMPORT - Terminal Handling Charges 

  

  

Factory Destuffing 

7,054.30 

9,716.30 

ICD Destuffing 

9,111.30 

12,136.30 

Warehouse Delivery 

9,111.30 

12,136.30 

EXPORT - Terminal Handling Charges 

  

  

Factory Stuffing 

7,054.30 

 9,716.30 

ICD Stuffing 

9,111.30 

11,033.00 

Warehouse Delivery 

9,111.30 

11,033.00 

  

  

  

Import warehouse charges 

Per day Per MT 

1 to 3 days 

Free 

4th to 10th day 

93.17 

11th to 30th day 

119.79 

31st day onwards 

186.34 

Export warehouse charges 

Per day Per MT 

1 to 3 days 

Free 

4th to 10th day 

53.24 

11th to 30th day 

66.55 

31st day onwards 

93.17 

Open Yard Charges - Container 

Per day Per MT 

1st day (Date of unloading) 

Free 

2nd to 7th day 

53.24 

8th day onwards 

79.86 

Container Parking Charges (Loaded/Empty) 

Per day Per Container 

1st day (Date of unloading)  

Free 

Free 

2nd to 7th day  

219.62 

292.82 

 8th day onwards 

292.82 

439.23 

Vehicle Parking Charges 

Per day Per Vehicle 

1st day (Date of entry) 

Free 

Free 

2nd to 7th day 

219.62 

219.62 

8th day onwards 

292.82 

292.82 

Vehicle Entry fee 

  

  

Commercial Vehicle (Weight <10 MT) 

146.41 

Commercial Vehicle (Weight >10 MT) 

292.82 

Light Vehicle (Weight <5 MT) 

73.21 

Rikshaw/Hand Trolley 

22.63 

Miscellaneous Charges 

  

Labour Loading Charges 

2057.00        2420.00 

Bagging Charges (Per MT) 

220.00 

Survey Charges per container 

1210.00 

Description of Activity 

Amount in (NPR) 

20' 

40' 

CHARGES FOR INDIVIDUAL ACTIVITIES 

  

Handling of Loaded Container (Complete Cycle) 

3,993.00 

5,390.55 

Handling of Empty Container (Complete Cycle) 

865.15 

1,331.00 

Weighment charges 

146.41  

146.41 

Transfer of loaded container for survey and other purposes (one time operation) 

1,331.00 

1,663.75 

Transfer of empty container for survey and other purposes (one time operation) 

865.15 

1,331.00 

Handling of LCL cargo including loading/unloading & stuffing/destuffing (Per MT) 

332.75 

Terminal Handling Charges - Bagged, Break Bulk, Bulk Cargo & Loose Cargo 

  

Bagged Cargo/Break Bulk Cargo (Per MT) 

271.04 

Bulk Cargo & Loose Cargo (Per MT) 

399.30 

  

  

  

Storage Charges - Bagged and Break Bulk Cargo 

Per day per MT 

1 to 3 days 

Free 

4th to 10th day 

93.17 

11th to 30th day 

119.79 

31st day onwards 

186.34 

Open Yard Charges - Bulk & Loose Cargo 

Per day per MT 

1st day (Date of unloading) 

Free 

2nd to 7th day 

53.24 

8th day onwards 

79.86 

Railway Freight 

  

  

Railway freight to ICD Birgunj from International Border Railway Freight from ICD Birgunj to International Border 

532.40 

798.60 

Railway freight to ICD Birgunj from the International Border (Bagged & Break Bulk  

532.40 

798.60 

Railway freight to ICD Birgunj from International Border (Bagged & Break Bulk Cargo per MT) Railway  

20.57 

Freight from ICD Birgunj to International Border (Bagged & Break Bulk Cargo per MT)  

20.57 

Railway freight to ICD Birgunj from International Border (Bulk & Loose Cargo per MT)  

15.73 

Railway Freight from ICD Birgunj to International Border (Bulk & Loose Cargo per MT) 

15.73 

Additional Terms: 

Hazardous cargo : Rates shall be charged double for hazardous cargo  

Over Dimensional Container : 25% extra shall be charged over the normal charges 

Cancellation after nomination : Survey Charges of NPR 1,210.00 shall be charged along with Parking & Handling Charges Detention / Stabling Charges levied by Indian Railways on BCN/BRN rakes at Raxaul station shall be on customer account.  

Transportation shall be on party account, the customer shall make arrangement for trucks/trailers for taking delivery of the cargo on their own. 

It is proposed that on arrival of Bulk & Loose Cargo (BRN rakes), customers shall arrange at least 14 vehicles in advance for taking direct delivery of cargo, otherwise shifting of cargo will be undertaken and charged at the rate of NPR 279.51 per metric ton. 

Advance consent of Pristine Valley to be taken for planning a rake into ICD Birgunj for smooth operation and avoid detention. Pristine Valley will not be responsible for any demurrage on BRN rakes carrying Bulk & Loose Cargo, arriving without proper dunnage.  

Any Railway Detention accrued on Break Bulk & Bagged Cargo in BCN Rakes for reason beyond the control of Pristine Valley shall be on party's account. 

In case the rake is placed on non-working line (stabling line) then any detention/stabling accrued, will be on party account. 

It is to be mentioned that iron and steel cargo are to be booked by party on flat wagons only. BOST & other BOXN wagons may be avoided. All Charges to be deposited before taking delivery of cargo/container. 

Railway Detention/Stabing Charges are to be paid in INR DD. 

Cheque/DD should be in favour of Pristine Valley Dryport Private Limited payable at Birgunj only. 

Bank details: Everest Bank Limited, Dryport Branch, Account No. 01500105200331 

Note: VAT shall be charged extra as applicable 

 

Port Handling Equipment 

Port equipment is managed by Pristine Valley Dry port Pvt. Ltd. 

Equipment 

Available 

 

Total Quantity and Capacity Available 

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage 

Dockside Crane 

 No 

N/A 

N/A 

Container Gantries 

No 

N/A 

N/A 

Mobile Cranes 

Yes  

 8, 60 mt 

Operational and is used for Iron and steel handling  

Reach stacker 

Yes  

3, each of 45 mt capacity 

1 of 7 mt capacity for empty containers 

Operational and is used for container handling 

RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer) 

No  

 

 

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines 

 No 

 

 

Transtainer 

 No 

 

 

Forklifts 

Yes  

 2, 3 mt each 

Operational 

 

Container Facilities 

With the increase in trade activities every year and without the improvement in existing infrastructure, congestion in the Dry port is an issue. Lack of proper warehousing capacity also is a contributing factor as importers can be late to clear their cargo on time. Importers would rather pay charges for extra days in the dry port facilities than remove their cargo to find themselves without sufficient warehouse space once they collect the cargo. The container holding capacity of the dry port is 1568 containers. 

 

Facilities 

20 ft 

40 ft 

Container Facilities Available 

1 Container ice Cargo 

1 for bagged Cargo 

Container Freight Station (CFS) 

No but planned to have 3 refrigerated CFS 

 

 

Refrigerated Container Stations 

No 

 

Other Capacity Details 

  N/A 

 

Daily Take Off Capacity  
(Containers per Day)  

3-4 Racks in day 

 

Number of Reefer Stations  
(Connection Points) 

2 plug in for dual service 

 

Emergency Take-off Capacity  

5 fire hydrants around CFS 

 

Off take Capacity of Gang Shift  
(Containers per Shift)  

N/A 

 

 

Customs Guidance 

ASYCUDA system is used for the customs clearance process. The system generates green, red, or yellow signals. Once the declaration documents are uploaded into the system, a registration number is generated and the verification of documents is done by the inspectors in the port, and the tax and duties are determined. Following the payment of the duties and taxes payable, the final verifier selects the container and marks green/blue and red /yellow. If the containers get green/blue, then it is released. If the containers get red/yellow, it is thoroughly checked. If there is no discrepancy, the goods are released. If any discrepancies are found, additional duties are paid and then the goods are released. Once the examination is completed, it is copied to the Risk Management Unit. It is recommended to use a reputable clearing agent. The clearing of goods takes 2 to 3 business days. 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

 

Terminal Information 

MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL 

ICD has two warehouses (1. Container Freight Station Shed and 2. Good Shed) of size 7,000 sqm and 10,000 sqm. The Good Shed is divided into a walled section of 300m in length and a section with a roof without walls of 400m (as shown below in the pictures). NITBD has completed upgrading rail-based ICD; broad gauge railway yard with 6 full-length lines; boundary wall of 3.15 km. long and 3.6m. and has come into operation with storage and handling facilities to handle bulk cargo.  

 

image-20240507115702-2

Main Features of Rail-based ICD: 

ICD Birgunj is a rail-linked terminal, 450 m from the Indian border with the facility to handle all types of traffic including containers, bulk, bagged, break bulk, loose cargo, etc. This terminal covers an area of 38 hectares with the following facilities; 

  1. Railway tracks: 6 full-length railway lines. 

  1. Covered Good shed: 450 m x 26.5 m. 

  1. Open Shed/Platform) in addition to covered shed: 300 m x 26.5 m. 

  1. Container Yard (CY): 685 m x 64 m with 1568 TEU ground slots. 

  1. Reach Stakers” 3 x 45 Ton + 1 x 7 Ton capacity. 

  1. Mineral siding: Loose cargo handling facilities. 

  1. Truck Parking: More than 200 trucks and 50 trailers. 

  1. High mast lights with generator backup. Electric substation of 630 KVA, 11/0.4 KVA with one 380 KVA D. G. SET; Administrative block of 1130 sq. m. floor area. 

  1. Administrative block of 1130 sq. m. floor area. 

  1. Fire detection and alarm system. 

  1. Cement concrete paved area for parking of 250 freight vehicles and 30 big-size trailers. 

 

 

image-20240507115702-3

 

Cement concrete paved area for parking of 250 freight vehicles and 30 big-size trailers. 

 

image-20240507115702-4

 

Walled Good Shed of approx. 300 m in length. 

 

image-20240507120319-8 

Unwalled Good Shed of 400 m in length. 

 

image-20240507120334-9

CFS SHED building and area. 

 

image-20240507120344-10

CFS SHED building and area. 

 

Port Security 

The port is surrounded by a concrete wall. A CCTV monitoring system and security guards are placed in strategic areas to provide surveillance 24/7. Security is provided by Nepal Armed Police Forces of Nepal Government. 

Security 

ISPS Compliant 

No 

Current ISPS Level  
(Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional) 

N/A 

Police Boats 

N/A 

Fire Engines 

N/A 

 

Birgunj Integrated Check Post (ICP) 

An addition at the Birgunj ICD is the Integrated Check Post (ICP) to facilitate the customs clearance activities. The ICP Birgunj was inaugurated on 7th of April 2018. As per the legal provision, TRS Himalayan Logipark Pvt Ltd has been awarded for ICP Birgunj terminal clearance purpose on 1st April 2023. Birgunj ICP is currently handling 70 percent of the commerce that used to pass through the Birgunj customs points.  

Port website: Bigunj Customs Office 

Key port information may also be found at http://www.maritime-database.com 

Port Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal  

Province or District 

Madhesh / Parsa 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

TOWN NAME: Birgunj 

DISTANCE (km): 8 KM 

Port's Complete Name 

Birgunj Integrated Check Post 

 

Latitude 

27.016721 

Longitude 

84.842556 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

 

TRS Himalayan Logipark (P) Ltd. 

ICP, Birgunj 

Management Contact Person 

Ganesh Prasad Ghimire (Chief Maneger) 

9852032047 

Subhash Subedi (General Manager) 

9855036917 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

AIRPORT NAME: Simara Airport 23.4 KM  

Port Picture 

 

image-20240507120436-11

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

SN  

Agencies related to Operation of ICP  

Name  

1  

Multimodal Transport Operators  

N/A 

2  

Transport Management Company  

Trans Himalayana Logipark Pvt. Ltd 

3  

Customs  

Birgunj Customs Office 

4  

Freight Forwarders  

Upyogi Freight Logistics Pvt. Ltd. , Radhe Radhe Clearing and Forwarding, Flash Freight logistics, Oceanstar Logistics,  

5  

Banks  

Everest Bank For Customs clearance and Nabil Bank for Terminal Clearance 

6  

Quarantine  

Food, Animal and Plant with laboratory facility 

7  

Shipping lines  

N/A 

8  

Customs Agent  

Trimurti Clearing Sewa, Laxmi Clearance Agent, Adit Clearance Agent, Aani Clearance Agency, Aashirbad Clearance Agent ete. 

 

For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: 4.4 Port and Waterways Companies Contact List

 

Port Performance 

Customs clearance certificates are usually issued to cargo only after 6 pm from the Birgunj Customs office. The cargo truck that enters ICP in the daytime has to hold until 6 pm to exit the customs office premises. This leads to congestion at the gate and ICP premises throughout the day. Also, importers who do not have their warehouses outside of the ICP premises tend to delay the customs clearance procedures to tranship their cargo from truck to truck without having to store their goods in a warehouse and pay additional charges (warehouse charges are applicable if stored in ICP warehouse). Therefore, the parking bay is full most of the time. The exit road is also congested due to trucks standing in queue for the whole day until 6 pm. These are the factors causing congestion at the ICP. 

 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

Yes  

From June to August 

Major Import Campaigns 

Yes / No 

Months of Festivities October/November 

Other Comments 

ICP is functioning at full capacity with the facility of 6 6-lane road. 

 

Handling Figures for 2022 

Vessel Calls 

N/A 

No of Vehicles Traffic (TEUs) 

135063 Imports 

10140 Exports 

 

Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk for 2022 

Bulk (MT) 

21998 

Break bulk (MT) 

N/A 

 

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges 

For information on port rates and charges, please see the following link: Fee-Dar-rate-for-ICP-Birgunj-2.pdf (nitdb.gov.np)

Port Handling Equipment 

The port equipment is managed by the TRS Himalayan Logipark (P) Ltd. 

Equipment 

Available 

 

Total Quantity and Capacity Available 

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage 

Dockside Crane 

 No 

 

 

Container Gantries 

No 

 

 

Mobile Cranes 

Yes  

  

 

Reach stacker 

Yes  

  

 

RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer) 

No  

 

 

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines 

 No 

 

 

Transtainer 

 No 

 

 

Hydra 

Yes 

 Operational 

Forklifts 

Yes  

 1 with 3 mt 

Operational 

 

Customs Guidance 

ASYCUDA system is used for the customs clearance process. The clearing of goods takes 2 to 3 business days. 

 

Terminal Information 

MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL 

  1. Warehouse with refrigeration facility (import side) - approx. 1374 m 2 

  1. Warehouse (export side) – approx..692 m 2 

  1. Inspection shed (import side) – approx. 402 m 2 

  1. Inspection side (export side) – approx. 234 m 2 

  1. Confiscated shed (import and export side) – approx. 100 m 2 

  1. Animal sheds (import side) – approx. 100 m 2 

  1. Processing sheds – total 6 no with approx. 1250 m 2  each 

  1. Processing cabins: 16 No, Frisking cabins: 4 No,  

 

Port Security 

Port security is overseen by the Nepal Armed Police Force and an additional security company 24/7. The facilities covering the area of 115 acres is well barricaded. As a firefighting measure, there is a firefighting system complete with 5 pumps, water storage, supply lines, and hydrants in strategic locations within the premises.  

 

Security 

ISPS Compliant 

No 

Current ISPS Level  
(Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional) 

N/A 

Police Boats 

N/A 

Fire Engines 

N/A 

 

 

image-20240507115702-5

 

Nos of Weighbridge- 2 with capacity of 80 MT and 100 MT. 

 

image-20240507115702-6

 

Inspection building. 

 

 

image-20240507115702-7

 

Open yard. 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.1.3 Nepalgunj Dry Port

​​Dry Port Overview​ 

​​Nepalgunj is a significant border crossing point in Western Nepal that is closest to the Indian capital, New Delhi. There is a four-lane highway on both sides of the border. The Nepalgunj Customs Office is situated in Nepalgunj Sub-Metropolitan Ward No. 16. The Government of Nepal and India are currently constructing an Integrated Check Post (ICP) in Nepalgunj, which was scheduled to be completed in 2020. As of Dec 2023, the civil works of the port is completed, On Jan 4, 2024, the government awarded the operations and management rights of the ICP to TRS Atlas Logi Park Pvt. Ltd. for a period of five years. The ICP will be connected by road to ports in India and operate as a centre for transhipment and importation of cargo to inland destinations into Nepal.​ 

​​ 

​Kolkata is the nearest India seaport for this entry point. The entry point on the Indian side is Rupadiya, Bahraich district, Uttar Pradesh.​ 

Port website: - || Department of Customs || 

​​Port Location and Contact​ 

Country 

Nepal  

Province or District 

Lumbini Province 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

Nepalgunj 
Distance: 5 KM North 

Port's Complete Name 

Nepalgunj Integrated Check Point (ICP) 

Latitude 

28.02051 

Longitude 

81.60093 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

​​​ 

Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board (Port Authority) 

TRS Atlas Logi Park Pvt. Ltd. (Managing Company) 

Management Contact Person 

Custom office:  

Purna Prasad Lamsal (Information Officer) 

Contact: Nepalgunj Sub-Metropolitan City Ward No. 16, Jaispur, Banke 

Tel : +977-81-412001,412004 

Fax: +977-81-520276 

E-mail: nepalgunj@customs.gov.np 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

Nepalgunj Airport, Banke (Domestic) 

Distance: 12 KM 

Gautam Buddha International Airport, Bhairahawa. 

Distance: 264 KM 

 

​​Link for ICP Nepalgunj: http://nitdb.gov.np/en/nepalgunj-icp/​ 

​​Port Picture 

image-20240507120715-1 

​​ 
Link for Custom and clearing agent in Kolkata: https://www.customs.gov.np/district/en/nepalgunj​ 

​​Description and Contacts of Key Companies​ 

​​For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: 4.4 Port and Waterways Companies Contact List.​ 

​​Port Performance​ 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

No 

 N/A 

Major Import Campaigns 

No 

N/A 

Other Comments 

N/A 

 

 

Handling Figures  

Vessel Calls 

Not available  

Container Traffic (TEUs) 

Not available 

 

Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk 

Bulk (MT) 

Not available 

Break bulk (MT) 

Not available 

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges 

 The ICP has not yet published the handling charges. 

Port Handling Equipment 

The ICP is expected to come into operation soon, details on handling equipment are not yet available. 

Equipment 

Available 

 

Total Quantity and Capacity Available 

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage 

Dockside Crane 

 N/A 

 

 

Container Gantries 

 N/A 

 

 

Mobile Cranes 

 N/A 

 

 

Reachstacker 

 N/A 

      

      

RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer) 

 N/A 

 

 

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines 

 N/A 

 

 

Transtainer 

 N/A 

 

      

Forklifts 

 N/A 

 

 

Container Facilities 

Facilities 

20 ft. 

40 ft. 

Container Facilities Available 

N/A 

N/A 

Container Freight Station (CFS) 

N/A 

N/A 

Refrigerated Container Stations 

N/A 

N/A 

Other Capacity Details 

N/A 

N/A 

Daily Take Off Capacity  
(Containers per Day)  

N/A 

N/A 

Number of Reefer Stations  
(Connection Points) 

N/A 

N/A 

Emergency Take-off Capacity  

N/A 

N/A 

Off-take Capacity of Gang Shift  
(Containers per Shift)  

N/A 

N/A 

Customs Guidance 

1.3 Customs Information.   

Port Security 

Port security is overseen by Armed Police force.  

Security 

ISPS Compliant 

No  

Current ISPS Level  
(Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional) 

No 

Police Boats 

No 

Fire Engines 

 No 

 

 

Nepal - 2.1.4 Bhairahawa Dry Port

Port Overview 

Bhairahawa Inland Clearance Depot (ICD) is located at Siddharthanagar, 5 kilometres north of Nepal's southern border with Uttar Pradeshstate, India. It is one of 5 dry ports currently in operation: Birgunj ICD at Sirsiya, Bhairahawa ICD, Kathmandu (Chobhar) ICD and Kakarvitta ICD. Bhairahawa ICD is well connected to the Port of Kolkata by road. Nautanawa Railway Station (NTV) in Maharajgunj, Uttar Pradesh is 7 km from the border and can be accessed by road (20 mins of travel). 

 

Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board (NITDB) has leased out management of Bhairahawa ICD to Annapurna Terminals Pvt. Ltd. The Bhairahawa Customs Office ranks 2nd in overall volume of trade of Nepal after Birgunj. Major goods imported through this customs point are Petroleum products, (like Petrol, Diesel, and LPG), new vehicles, Mild steel Billets, rice, vegetables, marble, tiles, and fly ash coal.   

 

Port website: https://nitdb.gov.np/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Bhairahawa-ICD.pdf 

 

Port Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Lumbini Province, Rupandehi district 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

5 km South of Siddharthanagar accessed Via H10 

Port's Complete Name 

Bhairahawa Inland Container Depot 

Latitude 

27.47756 

Longitude 

83.46876 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

 

Annapurna Terminals Pvt Ltd 

Management Contact Person 

Manager 

Ravi Parikhe 

Mobile: 9857020925 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

Gautam Buddha International Airport 8 km Southeast accessed via H10 and Bhairahawa city road 

 

Port Picture 

image-20240507121509-1

Aerial View of Bhairahawa ICD 

 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

SN 

Agencies related to the Operation of ICD 

Name 

Multimodal Transport Operators 

Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board (NITDB) 

Transport Management Company 

Annapurna Terminals Pvt. Ltd 

Customs 

Bhairahawa Customs Office 

Freight Forwarders 

N/A 

Banks 

Rastriya Banijaya Bank Dry port Branch 

Quarantine 

Food / Plant Quarantine/Animal Quarantine  

Shipping lines 

N/A 

Customs Agent 

Sattyasai clearing agency, Bhusal Clearing agency, Management consultant agency, Rumjha Traders Etc. 

 

For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: 4.4 Port and Waterways Companies Contact List.

Port Performance 

ICD Bhairahawa is busy and congested due to a lack of parking area. Mainly in the rainy season, the available warehouse and parking space are not enough. The average waiting time between arrival and berthing is 1 to 2 days. The ICD has facilities like warehouses, parking areas, and open yard areas but lacks cold storage facilities for perishable goods. 

 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

Yes  

From June to August 

Major Import Campaigns 

Yes  

From August to October 

Other Comments 

 

 

Handling Figures for 2022/23 

Vessel Calls 

 N/A 

Container Traffic (TEUs) 

 3406 

 

Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk for 2022/23 

Bulk (MT) 

 128455 mt 

Break bulk (MT) 

N/A 

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges 

Sn 

 Particulars 

Schedule of Charges (NPR) 

A. 

Freight Vehicle Entry 

  

a. 

Truck/Tanker/Tractor/Trailer per entry per trip 

259.39 

b. 

Light vehicles /Bullock Cart with capacity up to 5 Ton per entry per trip 

129.69 

c. 

Rickshaw/Hand Trolley per entry per trip 

38.94 

d. 

Container Truck (fixed container Vehicle) per entry per trip 

389.06 

e. 

Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) per entry per trip 

518.74 

f. 

Forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) per entry per trip 

778.13 

B. 

Loading/Unloading/Handling of cargo (all activities) 

  

a. 

Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) per vehicle 

4000 

b. 

Forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) per vehicle 

6000 

c. 

For other vehicles 

  

i. 

Containerized cargo (per ton) 

250 

ii. 

Non-containerized break bulk/packaged/ bagged cargo (per ton) 

250 

iii. 

Non containerized bulk/loose cargo (per ton) 

129.69 

C. 

Terminal handling charge (Complete Cycle) 

  

a. 

Loaded Container 

  

i. 

Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) 

2593.75 

ii. 

Forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) 

4150.00 

b. 

Empty Container 

  

i. 

Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) 

1296.89 

ii. 

Forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) 

2075.01 

c. 

LCL Cargo including, container handling/loading/unloading and stuffing and destuffing (per ton) 

518.74 

D. 

Weighment Charge (one activity) of loaded/empty Vehicles 

259.39 

E. 

Warehousing Charges: 24 hours free time from the time of arrival 

  

a. 

Import 

  

i. 

2-8 days (per kg per day) 

0.16 

ii. 

9-30 days (per kg per day) 

0.21 

iii. 

31 days onwards 

0.31 

b. 

Export 

  

i. 

2-8 days (per kg per day) 

0.08 

Ii. 

9-30 days (per kg per day) 

0.10 

Iii. 

31 days onwards 

0.13 

c. 

Open Yard Storage 

  

i. 

2-8 days (per kg per day) 

0.08 

ii. 

9 days onwards (per kg per day) 

0.13 

F. 

Parking and storage charges for loaded/unloaded vehicles (one day free) 

  

a. 

Forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) 

  

i. 

2-7 days per day 

518.74 

ii. 

8 days onwards per day 

778.13 

b. 

other vehicles 

  

i. 

2-7 days per day 

389.06 

ii. 

8 days onwards per day 

518.74 

G. 

Parking and storage charges for containers 

  

a. 

Forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) Container 

  

i. 

2-7 days per day 

518.74 

ii. 

8 days onwards per day 

778.13 

b. 

Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) Container 

  

i. 

2-7 days per day 

389.06 

ii. 

8 days onwards per day 

518.74 

H. 

Cleaning of Containers 

  

a. 

Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) 

259.39 

b. 

Forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) 

389.06 

I. 

Forklift Charge 

  

a. 

Complete Cycle 

  

i. 

Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) 

3865.22 

ii. 

Forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) 

7730.45 

b. 

Single Cycle 

  

i. 

Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) 

2013.80 

ii. 

Forty-foot equivalent unit (FEU) 

4026.28 

c. 

Non-containerized (per ton) 

242.24 

 

Port Handling Equipment 

The port equipment is managed by the operator.  

 

Equipment 

Available 

 

Total Quantity and Capacity Available 

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage 

Dockside Crane 

No 

N/A 

N/A 

Container Gantries 

No 

N/A 

N/A 

Mobile Cranes 

No 

N/A 

N/A 

Reachstacker 

No 

N/A 

N/A 

RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer) 

No 

N/A 

N/A 

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines 

 No 

N/A 

N/A 

Transtainer 

No 

N/A 

N/A 

Forklifts 

Yes  

One, 3000 kg 

N/A 

Pallet Trolly 

Yes 

One, 3000 kg 

N/A 

Customs Guidance 

The customs clearance process at the dry port of Bhairahawa is automated using the web based ASYCUDA system, which allows for the pre-clearing of goods. Customs pre-clearance of goods takes approximately 1-2 working days. The location of the Customs office is within the dry port.  

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Terminal Information 

MULTIPURPOSE TERMINAL 

N/A 

GRAIN AND BULK HANDLING 

N/A 

MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL 

Bhairahawa ICD can accommodate more than 250 vehicles. There is a separate arrangement within the ICD to accommodate tankers carrying petroleum products. 

 

One Covered warehouse of 55x25 metre with a 1.2-meter-high level platform is used to store containers. Also, to facilitate customs inspection, there are the following sheds: 

  1. Appraisal Shed of 36x24 metre with 1.2-metre-high level platform.  

  1. Additional Shed of 36x24 metre with a 1.2-meter-high level platform in Bhairahawa to conduct customs inspection on small vehicles. 

  1. Warehouse accommodated with Electronic Weighing Scales. 

  1. Reefer plug points for refrigerator cargoes 

  1. A digital weighbridge installed with a 100-ton capacity. 

 

Storage Type 

Number of Storage Facilities 

Area (m2) 

Bagged Cargo 

N/A 

 

Refrigerated Cargo 

N/A 

 

General Cargo 

N/A 

 

 

Port Security 

The port is surrounded by a concrete wall. A CCTV monitoring system and security guards are placed in strategic areas to provide surveillance 24/7. Security is provided by Nepal Armed Police Forces of Nepal Government. 

 

 

Nepal - 2.1.5 Biratnagar Dry Port

Port Overview 

Biratnagar Integrated Check Point (ICP) is spread over a total area of about 186 acres along the Nepal-India borders constructed by India and handed over to Nepal to facilitate for trade logistics between the two countries. It has a common platform for traders to get customs clearance for traded goods and offers services like banking, immigration, quarantine, warehousing, parking yard, etc facilitating both importers and exporters.  

 

Biratnagar ICP is 7 kilometers (4 mi) North of Nepal's southern border with Biharstate, India. Biratnagar Customs Office ranks 4th in the overall volume of trade in Nepal after Birgunj Customs, Bhairahawa Customs, and Birgunj Dry Port. There are nine sub-customs offices under its jurisdiction. Major imported goods through this custom are petroleum products like diesel, petrol, LP gas, crude soya-bean oil, motorcycles, betel nuts, M.S. Billets, iron structures, coal, and glazed tiles. Major exported goods are cardamom, woven fabrics, jute sacking bags, G.I.Wire, PP GI Coil, Dyed Yarn, jute hessian fabric, brass strip in Coils, and corrugated galvanized iron sheets. Biratnagar ICP at the border is well connected to the gateway ports of Kolkata (600 km) by road or by rail to Jogbani, Bihar.  

 

Port website: ICP Biratnagar – Trans Nepal Freight Services (transnepaldryport.com) 

 

Port Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province, Morang district 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

7 km North of Biratnagar City accessed Via H08 

Port's Complete Name 

Biratnagar Integrated Check Point  

Latitude 

26.38237 

Longitude 

87.26900 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

 

TransNepal Freight Services Pvt. Ltd 

Management Contact Person 

Anand Kumar Singh 

TransNepal Tower Head Office 

Piyush Marga, Biratnagar-5, Morang,Nepal 

Tel: 021-501441 

Fax: 021-501470 

E-mail: ananda@transnepaldryport.com 

 

Laxmi Subba 

Manager 

ICP Biratnagar, Buddha Nagar 

Mobile: 9842032956/9814387011 

 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

Biratnagar National Airport 12 KM North 

Port Picture 

image-20240507123900-1

Aerial View of Biratnagar ICP  

 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

 

SN 

Agencies related to Operation of ICP 

Name 

Multimodal Transport Operators 

TransNepal Freight Services Pvt. Ltd 

Transport Management Company 

N/A 

Customs 

Biratnagar Customs Office 

Freight Forwarders 

N/A 

Banks 

Rastrya Banijya Bank,Rani, Buddhanagar ICP Branch 

Quarantine 

Plant, Animal, Food Quarantine, Lab 

Shipping lines 

N/A 

Customs Agent 

Mrigatrishna clearing, Bijay clearing, Shah clearing, Devekinandan clearing, Eastern clearing,  Danfe Custom Clearing, D.G Custom Service, Shivam Clearing House, Rani Clearing services, Pathivara Bhansar Sewa, D.P Clearing services, Trans misson cargo clearing, P.R Regmi bhansar jach pass sewa, Gupta Custom Clearing, Goodwill Clearing & Logistics Service etc (50+ agents are providing customs clearance services) 

 

For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: 4.4 Port and Waterways Companies Contact List

Port Performance 

The Port is currently not congested and operates on a two-lane road. The average waiting time between arrival and berthing is 1 to 2 days. 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

Yes 

From June to August 

Major Import Campaigns 

Yes  

Months of Festivals Aug to Oct 

Other Comments 

ICP Biratnagar is in operation merging Rani customs offices.  

 

Handling Figures for 2022  

Vessel Calls 

40 

Container Traffic (TEUs) 

6651 

 

Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk for 2022  

Bulk (MT) 

71340 

Break bulk (MT) 

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges 

Biratnagar ICP Tariff effective from 17 August 2022 and following is the Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges: Tariff – Trans Nepal Freight Services (transnepaldryport.com) 

 

Port Handling Equipment 

The port equipment is managed by the operator. The port has transitioned from using manual labour to handle cargoes to mechanical port handling equipment as the volume of cargoes passing through increases. 

 

Equipment 

Available 

Total Quantity and Capacity Available 

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage 

Dockside Crane 

 Yes 

40 ton 

 

Container Gantries 

N/A 

 

 

Mobile Cranes 

Yes  

Escorts F-15 

Capacity 14 ton at 1.5 m, 900 kg at 15.8 m 

Reach stacker 

Yes 

1 – 14 MT. 

 

RoRoTugmaster (with Trailer) 

N/A 

 

 

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines 

 N/A 

 

 

Transtainer 

N/A 

 

 

Forklifts 

Yes  

One, 3000kgs 

 

Pallet Trolly 

Yes 

Four, 5000 kgs, 3000 kgs 

 

 

Container Facilities 

The space available for the container is sufficient, but the Port does not have a refrigerated container station and storage related to cold storage.  

Facilities 

20 ft 

40 ft 

Container Facilities Available 

N/A 

N/A 

Container Freight Station (CFS) 

N/A 

N/A 

Refrigerated Container Stations 

N/A 

N/A 

Other Capacity Details 

N/A 

N/A 

Daily Take Off Capacity  
(Containers per Day) 

N/A 

N/A 

Number of Reefer Stations  
(Connection Points) 

1 with 4 plugs in facility  

(Dual service for both 20 dt and 40 ft) 

 

Emergency Take-off Capacity  

N/A 

N/A 

Off take Capacity of Gang Shift  
(Containers per Shift) 

N/A 

N/A 

Customs Guidance 

The customs clearance process at the dry port of Biratnagar is automated using the web-based ASYCUDA system, which allows for the pre-clearing of goods. Customs pre-clearance of goods takes approximately 1-2 working days. The location of the Customs office is within the dry port. 

 

MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL 

The Port has a warehouse, parking, and open yard areas as listed below. The port does not have cold storage facilities and does not have a specific area designated for humanitarian cargo.  

  • Warehouse arrival with refrigeration facilities (import side) with a capacity of 1520 sqm 

  • Warehouse departure (export side) with 740 sqm 

  • Animal shed (import side) 100 sqm, Process shed (import side) 2500 sqm, Process shed (export side) 2500 sqm, Process Cabins 31 Nos 418 sqm. 

  • A vacant area for adding up to 3,900 m2 warehousing/parking area for holding 150 TEUs. 

  • A parking area for 80 trucks 

  • Dedicated shed- 1 

  • Weight bridge- 2 (1 on the import side and 1 on the export side) 

  • Electrical Sub-Station equipment: Two DG Sets, One 380 KVA and 125 KVA Transformer, AVR, LT, and HT panel) 

  • Warehouse house Arrival (with refrigeration) facilities (Import Side- 1520 m2 

  • Warehouse house Departure (Export Side- 740 m2 

  • Process Shed (Import Side) 2500 m2 

  • Process Shed (Export Side)- 2500 m2 

  • Process Cabins 31 Nos. - 418 m2 

  • Firefighting systems including pumps (5 Nos) water storage, supply lines, and hydrants. 

Storage Type 

Number of Storage Facilities 

Area (m2) 

Bagged Cargo 

warehouse 

1375 

Refrigerated Cargo 

N/A 

 

General Cargo 

Container Cargo New warehouse 

3700 

 

Port Security 

The port is surrounded by a concrete wall. A CCTV (95 nos.) monitoring system and security is provided by the Nepal Armed Police Forces of Nepal Government and a third-party security company from Sudarshan Security Pvt. Ltd 24/7. 

 

 

 

image-20240507124138-3

Integrated Check Post (ICP) Biratnagar It is 2.9 Km South of Biratnagar ICP and 14.8 Km South of Biratnagar Airport. 

 

image-20240507124138-4

View of ICP from the main building. 

 

image-20240507124138-5

image-20240507124138-6

image-20240507124138-7

Warehouse and parking area 

image-20240507124138-8

Container yard for railway Container Yard-1 of 4500 m2 is under construction. 

image-20240507124138-9

Crane, forklift and reach stacker Service      

image-20240507124138-10

PROCESSING SHED 

image-20240507124138-11

QUARANTINE BLOCK                                                                     COOL ROOM 

 

 

Nepal - 2.1.6 Kakarbhitta Dry Port

Port Overview 

Kakarbhitta Inland Clearance Depot (ICD) is in Mechinagar municipality, Jhapa District, Koshi Province, Nepal and is the main entry point from India on Nepal's eastern border. Kakarbhitta is the 7th largest border crossing point, with 2.87%  share of total import value based on Annual data (Shrawan-Asar) of FY 2079/80 (Mid July 2022 to Mid July 2023) (ref: Department of Customs, 2022/2023). 

 

The port was built to boost trade with Bangladesh and Bhutan through India. The port is 600 km / 15 hours truck travel time from the port of Kolkota. It is spread over 7.5 hectares of land. Currently, the major imports are clinker and gypsum needed to manufacture cement within the nation, equipment items of hydro power, petroleum items, vegetables, Jute. Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board (NITDB) awarded TransNepal Freight Service (P) Ltd on 13th February 2021 for terminal management and handling services.  

 

Port website: Kakarbhitta ICD WEBSITE 

Key port information may also be found at: http://www.maritime-database.com 

 

Port Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province, Jhapa district 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

20 kms NE of the Bhadrapur accessed via black topped H07 and H01 

Port's Complete Name 

Kakarbhitta Inland Container Depot 

Latitude 

 26.64555 

Longitude 

 88.157950 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

 

TransNepal Freight Service (P) Ltd 

Management Contact Person 

Rajesh Babu Tiwari 

9808459913mailto:nitdbkvt@gmail.com 

rajeshtiwaribrt123@gmail.com 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

21 kms from Bhadrapur Airport 

Bagdogra Int’l Airport (VEBD), Siliguri, West Bengal India 
Distance: 32 km 
Truck: 45 minutes 
Car: 30 minutes 

Port Picture  

 

image-20240507124354-1

Aerial View of Kakarbhitta ICD 

image-20240507124802-2

image-20240507124802-3

Shed Storage 

image-20240507124802-4

image-20240507124802-5

Weighbridge 

Warehouse  

image-20240507124802-6

image-20240507124802-7

Refrigerated Container Station-1 with 3 plug-in facilities 

Shed and parking area 

image-20240507124802-8

image-20240507124802-9

Parking Area 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

SN 

Agencies related to Operation of ICD 

Name 

Multimodal Transport Operators 

Transnepal Freight Service (P) Ltd. 

Transport Management Company 

Transnepal Cargo 

Customs 

Kakarbhitta, Mechi Customs 

Freight Forwarders 

N/A 

Banks 

Nepal Bank 

Quarantine 

Animal, Food Quarantine and Plant and Lab testing centre 

Shipping lines 

N/A 

Customs Agent 

Evergreen Trade Centre, Mechi Bajrang Trade Concern, Santosh Nirmana Sewa Customs Clearance and Forwarding Agent, Laya Bhagawati Maa Enterprises and Customs Clearance, Suraj Supplier Customs Clearance and Forwarding, jay Pathibhara Customs Clearance 

Port Performance 

The port handles around 100 trucks a day and normally doesn’t experience congestion. The warehouse, shade area and parking space for trucks have sufficient capacity to store and hold goods. The port has mechanized handling equipment and adequate human labour. It is open from 6 am to 10 pm every day.  

 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

No   

N/A 

Major Import Campaigns 

Yes  

From (September) to (February)  

Festival season of Sept-Oct and large coal order during Winter season. 

 

Other Comments 

N/A 

 

Handling Figures for 2023 

Vessel Calls 

N/A 

Container Traffic (TEUs) 

192 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges 

For information on port rates and charges, please see the table below:  Tariff – Trans Nepal Freight Services (transnepaldryport.com) 

 

Port Handling Equipment 

Daily wages human workforce handles the transportation of goods within the port.  

Equipment 

Available 

 

Total Quantity and Capacity Available 

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage 

Dockside Crane 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Container Gantries 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Mobile Cranes 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Reachstacker 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer) 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines 

No 

N/A 

N/A 

Transtainer 

No 

N/A 

N/A 

Forklifts 

Yes  

  1. 3 MT 

Operational 

 

Container Facilities 

Facilities 

20 ft 

40 ft 

Container Facilities Available 

N/A 

N/A 

Container Freight Station (CFS) 

N/A 

N/A 

Refrigerated Container Stations 

Yes 

Yes 

Other Capacity Details 

N/A 

N/A 

Daily Take Off Capacity  
(Containers per Day)  

6  

 7 

Number of Reefer Stations  
(Connection Points) 

Yes  

 1 station with 3 plugs in facility 

Emergency Take-off Capacity  

N/A 

 

Off take Capacity of Gang Shift  
(Containers per Shift)  

N/A 

N/A 

Customs Guidance 

All the customs clearances are processed at Kakarbhitta, Mechi Customs Office located inside the Kakarvitta ICD premise. The customs clearance process at the dry port of Kakarbhitta is automated using the web based ASYCUDA system, which allows for the pre-clearing of goods. Customs pre-clearance of goods takes approximately 1-2 working days. The terminal managemen at the Kakarbhitta is done by Transnepal Freight Service (P) Ltd. 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Terminal Information 

MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL 

  • Truck parking capacity:   250- 300 trucks 

  • Warehouse – 3; Warehousing space: 1,395 m2 

  • Shade- 2; Shade storage:  1,780 m2 

  • Litigation house- 1:  233 m2 

  • There is one forklift available with a capacity of 3 MT. 

  • 100 MT weighbridge- 1 and 1 weighbridge with a capacity of 1 MT are available.  

Port Security 

Total 12 guards from Sudarsan security services provide security 24/7 in ICD premise. The premise of the facility is secured by 8-9 ft. of concrete brick wall. There are fire extinguisher cylinders, fire balls  and 6 hydrants inside the ICD.  In case of emergency, fire brigade located 4 km away from the port is contacted.  

 

 

Nepal - 2.1.7 Tatopani Dry Port

Port Overview 

Tatopani Inland Clearance Depot (ICD) is located in Tatopani village, Sindhupalchok, Bagmati Province, directly on Nepal’s Northern border with China, 114 km North East of Kathmandu. Tatopani and Rasuwa in Langtang are Nepal’s two main border crossing points with China. Construction of Tatopani ICD included improvement of the 112-meter-long bridge over the Bhotekoshi River and a 6.5 KM road track that connects the two countries.  

 

The entry point was closed from January 27 to March 29, 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Since the 2015 Nepal Earthquake, the Araniko Highway leading to Tatopani has been frequently blocked for all traffic due to large active landslides. The road has been re-opened, but the landslide risk remains high, especially during monsoon season. 

Port website: Tatopani ICD.  

Port Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Bagmati Province, Sindhupalchok 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

Banepa at 87 kms SW along H03 

Port's Complete Name 

Inland Container Depot at Tatopani 

Latitude 

27.92564 

Longitude 

85.93352 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

 

Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board (Port Authority) 

Trans Silk Terminal Pvt. Ltd. (Managing Company) 

Management Contact Person 

Anirudra Thapa (Trans Silk) 

Mobile: 9851316958 

Tatopani Dry Port  

Larcha, Sindhupalchok, Nepal 

Customs Contact Person 

Dayananda KCLarcha, Sindhupalchok, Nepal 

Mob: 9851137131 

Phone: 011-480131 

 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

TIA at Kathmandu District.  

Port Picture 

image-20240507125002-1

Aerial View of Tatopani ICD 

 

 

image-20240507125002-2

International Standard Inland Container Depot at Tatopani, Sindhupalchok 

Picture Source: New Spotlight Online 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

SN 

Agencies related to Operation of ICD 

Name 

Multimodal Transport Operators 

Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board 

Transport Management Company 

Trans Silk Terminal Pvt. Ltd 

Customs 

Tatopani Customs Office 

Freight Forwarders 

Silk, Namaste, Rewang 

Banks 

Nabil Bank 

Quarantine 

Plant, Animal and Food 

Shipping lines 

N/A 

Customs Agent 

Government licensed agents 

 

For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: 4.4 Port and Waterways Companies Contact List

Port Performance 

Major goods imported via the checkpoint are medicines, fruits, electronic appliances, ready-made garments, and shoes. The movement of cargo happens between 10 am to 8 pm.  

  • Maximum trucks: 80-100 per day  

  • Daily average: 30 – 40 trucks per day 

  • Average clearing time:  2 – 4 hrs/truck 

  • There is rarely a backlog. All trucks are cleared daily.  

 

Congestion and in-access to the customs point can happen as a result of landslides blocking the Araniko highway, the only route to and from the Tatopani ICD. 

 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

 Yes 

 June - September 

Major Import Campaigns 

 Yes 

 August - October 

Other Comments 

 The risk of roadblocks due to landslides remains high especially during monsoon season (June – September) 

 

Handling Figures for 2023 

Vessel Calls 

N/A 

Container Traffic (TEUs) 

3362 

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges 

Service rate declared by the operation committee of Nepal Intermodal Transportation Development Board and issued by Trans Silk Pvt. Ltd. for Tatopani ICD: Tariff – Trans Nepal Freight Services (transnepaldryport.com) 

Note: 13% VAT applicable on above-mentioned charges. 

 

Port Handling Equipment 

Equipment 

Capacity 

Available Numbers 

 

Crane 

25 Ton 

Crane 

20 Ton 

Forklift 

3 Ton 

The port is also equipped with a Weigh Bridge and a Grant Crane for loading and unloading containers. 

 

Customs Guidance 

Tatopani Customs, a significant border-crossing point between Nepal and China, offers both traditional and modern, web-based clearance methods. Small goods are typically cleared using the traditional approach, while larger items and containers are processed through the internationally recognized ASYCUDA system. This port employs an automated customs clearance process via the ASYCUDA system, enabling the pre-clearance of goods. The pre-clearance procedure typically takes 1-2 business days. 
 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Terminal Information 

MULTIPURPOSE TERMINAL 

A multipurpose terminal at Tatopani ICD serves both import and export cargos. The facility has three open yards capable of storing 10 FEUs each, a warehouse measuring 40 ft x 300 ft and an open shed measuring 40 ft x 300 ft. 


GRAIN AND BULK HANDLING 

N/A 


MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL 

  • Parking available for 100 trucks 

  • 3 Open yards capable of accommodating 10 FEUs each. 

  • 1 warehouse with an area of 1143.83 m2 

  • 1 open shed with an area of 1143.83 m2 
     

Storage Type 

Number of Storage Facilities 

Area (m2) 

Bagged Cargo 

No 

 

Refrigerated Cargo 

No, but the Plug-in is available 

 

General Cargo 

1 warehouse 

1143.83 

Stevedoring 

N/A 

Hinterland Information 

This port is connected only by road, and goods are transported to and from this port on trucks. Several transport companies are available in this port, Silk Transport and Rewang Transport are the major trucking companies available at this border point, among them Silk has the largest fleet of vehicles. 
 

Port Security 

The port premises are secured by a compound wall. A private security firm along with the Armed Police Force (APF) provides security 24/7. 
 

Security 

ISPS Compliant 

 No 

Current ISPS Level  
(Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional) 

N/A 

Police Boats 

 No 

Fire Engines 

 No 

 

 

Nepal - 2.1.8 Kathmandu Dry Port 

Port Overview 

Kathmandu Inland Clearance Depot (ICD) also known as Chobhar Dry Port, located at Chobhar, Kirtipur came into operation in April 2022 intending to ease export and import in Kathmandu. The ICD was established to facilitate the loading and distribution of goods in Kathmandu Valley, reducing congestion in central Kathmandu, reducing the turn-around (clearance/unloading) time for trucks, and improving vehicle utilization. Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board (NITDB) is the managing authority of the ICD.  

Port Website: Chobhar ICD  

 

Port Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Bagmati 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

Kathmandu 

10 KM 

Port's Complete Name 

Kathmandu Dry Port 

Latitude 

27.65606 

Longitude 

85.29098 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

 

Trans Nepal TRS Logi Park Pvt. Ltd. 

NITDB 

Management Contact Person 

Jiban Dhakal 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

Tribhuvan International Airport 

Nepal Airlines, Qatar Airways, Thai Airways 

Port Picture 

image-20240507125618-1

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

SN 

Agencies related to the Operation of ICD 

Name 

Multimodal Transport Operators 

Nepal Intermodal Transport Development Board (NITDB) 

Transport Management Company 

Trans Nepal TRS Logi Park Pvt. Ltd. 

 

Customs 

Chobhar Dry Port Customs, Department of Customs 

Freight Forwarders 

N/A 

Banks 

Nepal Bank 

Quarantine 

Animal, Food Quarantine 

Shipping lines 

No 

Customs Agent 

GoN licensed agents 

 

For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: 4.4 Port and Waterways Companies Contact List

Port Performance 

The dry port spreads over an area of about 260 ropani (32.69 acres) of land comprises customs, quarantine, bank, and other services. The port has four warehouses, three administrative buildings, three weight measurement sheds, a container yard, a power substation, and other vehicle parking facilities. The port's container yard has a 65,000 square meters parking area that can accommodate 500 containers and 500 trucks. 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

No 

 

Major Import Campaigns 

No 

 

Other Comments 

N/A 

 

Handling Figures for 2022/23 

Vessel Calls 

N/A 

Container Traffic (TEUs) 

265 

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges  

For information on port rates and charges, please see the following link: Tariff – Trans Nepal Freight Services (transnepaldryport.com) 

Port Handling Equipment 

The port equipment is managed by the privately owned company TransNepal TRS Logi Park Pvt. Ltd.  

Equipment 

Available 

 

Total Quantity and Capacity Available 

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage 

Dockside Crane 

No 

 

 

Container Gantries 

Yes  

Needs repair 

Mobile Cranes 

Yes 

 

Hired from external service provider 

Reachstacker 

No 

 

 

RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer) 

No 

 

 

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines 

No 

 

 

Transtainer 

No 

 

 

Forklifts 

Yes  

2 (3 tons and 5 tons) 

 

 

Container Facilities 


This port can accommodate 116 TEUs (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units) at a time. The port has not yet operated at full capacity. As a common practice, most containers arrive by truck, and the goods inside are offloaded manually. This allows for transfer without unloading the entire container itself. 

image-20240507125618-2

Facilities 

20 ft 

40 ft 

Container Facilities Available 

Yes  

Yes  

Container Freight Station (CFS) 

Yes 

Yes 

Refrigerated Container Stations 

No 

No 

Other Capacity Details 

N/A 

N/A 

Daily Take Off Capacity  
(Containers per Day)  

N/A 

N/A 

Number of Reefer Stations  
(Connection Points) 

Emergency Take-off Capacity  

N/A 

N/A 

Off take Capacity of Gang Shift  
(Containers per Shift)  

N/A 

N/A 

 

Customs Guidance 


This port allows importers to make customs clearance of their goods in Kathmandu itself, saving them trips to the various border checkpoints from where shipments enter Nepal. Containers coming from the southern and northern border points will get an extra seal at the border point if the importers want to clear them at Kathmandu Dry Port Customs. The customs clearance process at this Port is automated using the web-based ASYCUDA system, which allows for the pre-clearing of goods. Customs pre-clearance of goods takes approximately 1-2 working days. 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Terminal Information 

MULTIPURPOSE TERMINAL 

Chobhar dry port is divided into two sections—export-import (EXIM Terminal) and domestic (Domestic Terminal). The export-import section can accommodate 116 20-foot equivalent units (TEUs).  

GRAIN AND BULK HANDLING 

N/A 


MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL 

  • Truck parking capacity: 500 trucks 

  • Warehousing space: 4 warehouses with Volume 12960 m3  

  • Shade storage: 3 

  • Litigation house: 1                

  • There are 2 forklifts available with the lifting capacity of 3 mt and 5 mt 

  • Weighbridge available- 3 

Additional parking area with 8538 m2 

Storage Type 

Number of Storage Facilities 

Area (m2) 

Bagged Cargo 

No 

 

Refrigerated Cargo 

No, but plug-in facility is available 

 

General Cargo 

Yes; 3 

1296 m2 each 

Stevedoring 

N/A 

Hinterland Information 

This port is connected only by road. Importers and exporters use this facility as the offices required for Import and Export activities like customs, quarantine, and banks are available on the premises. There are fewer activities in this port, the common mode of transport is by road, and goods are transported to and from this port on trucks. Given the limited operations, there are no in-house trucking companies. However, businesses have the flexibility to use their own trucks or engage services from external trucking firms. 

Port Security 

The port premises are secured by a compound wall. A private security firm along with the Armed Police Force (APF) provides security 24/7. 

Security 

ISPS Compliant 

No 

Current ISPS Level  
(Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional) 

N/A 

Police Boats 

No 

Fire Engines 

No 

Port Picture 

image-20240507125618-3

Warehouse

image-20240507125618-4

Shed Storage 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2 Aviation

The Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN) was established as an autonomous regulatory body on 31 December 1998 under Civil Aviation Act, 1996. The mission of CAAN is to ensure safe, secure, efficient, standard, and quality service in Civil Aviation and Airport Operations. It has dual functions: Regulator of civil aviation as well as a service provider in the areas of Air Navigation Service and Aerodrome Operations. 

There are 9 fixed-wing domestic and 12 helicopter operators currently active in Nepal. Most fixed-wing carriers are based in Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu and provide scheduled flights to different urban areas of the country. Some of the carriers have established their bases in Nepalgunj, Dhangadhi, and Surkhet and provide scheduled flight services to remote locations in Karnali and Sudurpaschim provinces. Airstrips in remote locations are STOL airports and are not well equipped with modern navigating instruments. Among the STOL airstrips, the Tenzing-Hillary Airport in Lukla and Jomsom Airport in Mustang are considered commercially lucrative. 

For international travel, currently, 30 airlines including two Nepal-based airlines provide services to different destinations around the globe. Nepal has signed Bilateral Air Services Agreement (BASA) and MoU with 40 different countries, and it has direct air connectivity with 18 countries including India, China, Japan, Qatar, and UAE. 

The European Union has blacklisted Nepali airlines since 2013 based on serious security concerns raised by ICAO and are restricted from flying in EU member nations’ airspace. 

Both fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters can be chartered either for emergency services, cargo services, or for recreational activities. The carrier or their representative must submit a request form to CAAN in the prescribed format for requesting a charter flight. The procedure manual and required forms can be found in this link

 

A total of 31 airports are currently operational in Nepal including three international airports. Tribhuvan International Airport, Gautam Buddha International Airport, and Pokhara International Airport are the only international aerodrome in the country. Biratnagar, Pokhara, Dhangadhi, and Nepalgunj airports, are the busiest airports and are considered domestic hub airports. 21 Airports are short take-off and landing (STOL) airports with Aerodrome Flight Information service (AFIS).  22 Airports mentioned below are STOL airports but are not in operation as of 2022.  

Airports Not in Operation 

  1. Baglung Airport 

  1. Rukum Chaurjahari Airport 

  1. Darchula Airport 

  1. Dhorpatan Airport 

  1. Lamidanda Airport 

  1. Gorkha Airport 

  1. Rumjatar Airport 

  1. Jiri Airport 

  1. Kangeldanda Airport 

  1. Khiji Chandeshwori Airport 

  1. Langtang Airport 

  1. Mahendranagar Airport 

  1. Manang Airport 

  1. Dolpa Masinechaur Airport 

  1. Meghauli Airport 

  1. Rolpa Airport 

  1. Syangboche Airport 

  1. Tikapur Airport 

  1. Manamaya Rai Khanidanda Airport 

  1. Falgunanda (Ilam) Airport 

  1. Baitadi (Patan) Airport 

  1. Doti Airport 

CAAN does not operate any heliports. In TIA, helicopter operations are authorized in designated areas. There are some areas to be used by helicopters throughout the country located on government as well as private property. CAAN, therefore, does not maintain the landing areas or provide security, Operators are, therefore, required to obtain necessary information before conducting flights in these locations. Details of such locations may be obtained from the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations Directorate (CAAN H/O, Babar Mahal). Source: https://e-aip.caanepal.gov.np/_uploads/_pdf/b8c1e4bd910261b89107ddc3f1eda5a9.pdf 

However, CAAN has been working on constructing a new heliport at Nalinchowk of Bhaktapur district in Bagmati province, the location is around 16 KM Northwest of Tribhuvan International Airport. When completed, this facility will be able to accommodate 17 helicopters at a time. (Source: CAAN to construct a modern helipad in Nalinchowk, Bhaktapur (aviationnepal.com) 

 

image-20240425122601-1

 

(Source: CAAN ATS AIRSPCAE_INDEX CHART

Key airport information may also be found at: CAAN_Aeronautical Information Publication Nepal Eighth Edition) 
https://www.world-airport-codes.com/  

 

Nepal - 2.2.1 Tribhuvan International Airport

Airport Overview

Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) is one of the major international airports in Nepal. It is located 6 km from the city centre, in the Kathmandu Valley, the country's capital. The airport has one domestic and one international terminal. Both Instrumental Flight Rule (IFR) and Visual Flight Rule (VFR) traffic are permitted in this airport. During winter months, particularly in December and January, flight delays may occur due to foggy conditions. While the airport boasts ample space and cargo handling facilities, it is essential to note that there is no cold storage facility available. Therefore, careful planning is necessary for the shipment of temperature-sensitive and medical cargo.

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Nepal

Province or District

Bagmati Province, Kathmandu District

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

Kathmandu

6 km

Airport’s Complete Name

Tribhuvan International Airport

Latitude

27.70029

Longitude

85.35676

Elevation (ft and m)

4394.76 ft and 1339.54 m.

IATA Code

KTM

ICAO Code

VNKT

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN)

Tribhuvan International Airport,

Tel +977-1-4113163, 4113033

Fax +977-1-4113180

AFS – VNKTYDYX

Email: tia_cao@caanepal.gov.np

Management Contact Person

Subhash Jha (spokesperson)

Open: Day only or 24 hrs

February to November: 0600LT - 0330LT (Next Day)

November to February: 0630LT – 0330LT (Next Day)

Number of Runways (including length and width)

 1, RWY 02/20, 3350 m x 45 m

Number of helipads, including dimensions

Helicopter operations are authorized in designated areas. TIA has designated the east of runway 02-20 opposite the taxiway no B and C as a helicopter landing area.

Airport Picture

image-20240506111846-1

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

SN

Agencies related to Operation of TIA

Name

1

Multimodal Transport Operators

Nepal Transit and Warehousing Co. Ltd.

2

Management Company

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal

3

Customs

TIA Customs Office

4

Freight Forwarders

Courier service providers, Nepal Freight Forwarders Association, Export council of Nepal

5

Banks

Rastriya Banijya Bank, TIACO Branch

6

Quarantine

Food Import Export Quality Certification Office TIA

7

Shipping lines

N/A

8

Customs Agent

Customs Agents Association (100 licensed Agents)

9

Security

Nepal Army, Nepal Police

 

For more information on airport contacts, please see the following link: 4.5 Airport Companies Contact List.

Information on some aviation service providers can be found at: http://www.azfreight.com/ and https://www.airportdata.com/

Airport Infrastructure Details

TIA has a single runway measuring 3350m in length and 45m in width with an orientation 02 and 20. The Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN) is currently working on the extension of the Parallel Taxiway in the northern and southern parts of the runway of TIA that will connect at the end of Runway 02. This expansion of the taxiway is part of the Air Transport Capacity Enhancement Project (ATCEP), upon completion, the total length of the taxiway will be 1400 meters, which will reduce waiting time for aircraft before take-off and landing.

 

Customs

Yes

JET A-1 fuel

Yes

Immigration

Yes

AVGAS 100

N/A

Terminal Building

Yes

Ground Handling Services

Yes, Available with Local Airlines Operators and Nepal Airlines and other Operators

Passenger Terminal

Yes

Cargo terminal

Yes

Airport Operating Details

Operating Details

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Bulk Cargo

Airbus 330, Boeing 777, IL76, MD10, DC10, ATR72,

CRJ700/200, MA60, ATR42, JS41, B190, D228, L410, DHC6,

Y12

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Pallet

A340, B777, B747, MD10, C30, IL76, A350-900,

Storage Area (m3 and MT)

5,430 m² of cargo storage

Handling Equipment

Elevators / Hi Loaders

Yes

High loaders: 1 x 7MT BMA high loader; 1 x 7 MT Souam transporter; max pallet size: 96”x125”, 7 MT capacity

Max Capacity (MT)

7 mt

Max Height

(m)

 

Loading Ramps

Yes, 7 Nos

Other Comments

While only a few B747 aircraft have landed at the airport, they were not being used as cargo aircraft. This is due to the short runway.

Customs Guidance

The government has established a customs office at the airport for smooth clearance of import and export cargo. For individual travellers, all baggage must be declared and cleared through customs on arrival at the port of entry. For the import of cargo, the importer has to submit an application along with air waybill copies to the customs office for clearance of goods. Procedures and custom waiver process for relief items can be found in 1.3 Nepal Customs Information.

CLEARING AGENTS

Company Name

What categories do they treat (food, fuel, vehicles, pharmaceuticals, or all-rounders)?

 

Bonded/Non-bonded warehouse Capacity

Temperature controlled /Non temperature controlled

Ultimate Export and Import

All rounders

No

No

Dynamic International Cargo

All rounders

No

No

 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information

Storage Facilities

CAAN contracted Nepal Transit and Warehousing Company Ltd (NTWCL) on a profit-sharing basis to operate the cargo complex especially to manage the warehousing space in clearly demarcated export and import sections. The total capacity of the Air cargo complex at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) is 5430 , and it is divided by mesh wire barricade into equal half for imports and exports. Although the available space for cargo storage seems adequate for normal goods, it is essential to note that there is no cold storage facility available. Therefore, careful planning is necessary for the shipment of temperature-sensitive and medical cargo.

Daily Capacity

Import section: 70-80 mt of goods flow per day from 40-45 international flights of which 20 flights are cargo flights.

Export section: 75-100 mt of goods flow per day.

Import Section: 180-200 Mt storage.

Capacity of 78 mt handling manpower available per day

 

Handling Equipment

Nepal Airlines is responsible for the ground handling of cargo at Tribhuvan International Airport. Indian Airlines have ground handling equipment for their own needs, whereas Nepal Airlines does ground handling work for the other airlines and themselves. 

 

BONDED STORAGE (STORAGE AVAILABLE BEFORE CUSTOMS)

Storage condition  

Number of Storage Facilities

Total Area

(m²)

Total volume (m³)  

Handling requirement  

Open air  

1

325

1950

Forklift = 1 (5 ton)

Hand Trolley = 5

Loader = 5

General cargo (closed)  

2

2,450 each

12,250 each

Forklift = 1 (1.5 ton)

Forklift = 1 (5 ton)

Hand Trolley = 10

Loader = 13

Bagged Cargo

2

227

500

Hand Trolley = 3

Temperature controlled (15 to 25 °C)  

N/A

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

Keep Cool (2 to 8 °C)  

2

20 and 93

50 and 288

Hand Trolley = 2

Freezing Temp (minus 25 to minus 15°C)  

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Ultra cold-chain temp (minus 80 to minus 60°C)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Narcotics Cage  

1

6

15

N/A

 

NON-BONDED STORAGE (STORAGE AVAILABLE AFTERS CUSTOMS)

Storage condition  

Number of Storage Facilities

Total Area

(m²)

Total Volume (m³)  

Handling requirement  

Open air  

1

275

1,375

 

General cargo (closed)  

3

275

1,375 (including bagged cargo)

 

Bagged Cargo

N/A

 

 

 

Temperature controlled (15 to 25 °C)  

N/A

 

 

 

Keep Cool (2 to 8 °C)  

N/A

 

 

 

Freezing Temp (minus 25 to minus 15°C)  

N/A

 

 

 

Ultra cold-chain temp (minus 80 to minus 60°C)

N/A

 

 

 

Narcotics Cage  

N/A

 

 

 

 

Airfield Costs

NAVIGATION CHARGES

All fees except the passenger service charge and entrance fees should be paid by the commander of the aircraft or agent without demand before the aircraft departs from the aerodrome. For aircraft carrying out international flights, all payments of fees should be made in US dollars.

Charges

Aircraft Weight - MTOW (kg)

 

0 - 7,000

7,001 - 136,000

136,001 and over

Navigation (per journey) USD - $

$45.90 (up to 25,00 kg)

$76.50 (25,001 kg to 50,000 kg)

 

$152.75 (50,001 kg to 75,000 kg)

$303.50 (any part over 75,000 kg)

Landing USD - $

12.50

(up to 10,000 kg)

12.50 plus, 2.50 each for 1000 kg (10,001 kg to 25,000 kg)

 

50.00 plus 3.75 for each 1000 kg (25,001 kg to 50,000 kg)

 

143.75 plus 6.00 for each 1000 kg (50,001 kg to 75,000 kg)

 

293.75 plus 7.35 for each 1000 kg (75,001 kg to 100,000 kg)

447.50 plus 8.55 for each 1000 kg (any part over 100,000 kg)

Night Landing USD - $

N/A

N/A

N/A

Night Take-Off USD - $

N/A

N/A

N/A

Parking

$1.00 per 1000 kg (up to 50,000 kg)

$50.00 plus $1.05 for each 1000kg (50,001 kg to 100,000 kg)

$22.25 plus $1.95 for each 1000 kg (any part over 100,000 kg)

Handling Charges

NPR 5,000 (for self-handling) NPR 10,000 (for commercial ground handling)

NPR 5,000 (for self-handling) NPR 10,000 (for commercial ground handling)

NPR 5,000 (for self-handling) NPR 10,000 (for commercial ground handling)

13 % VAT is applicable in the above-mentioned charges. (Source: CAAN AIP Nepal)

An additional charge will be levied for each landing made outside of the published operation hours of the aerodrome based on time used, on an hourly basis. For international flights, this amount is fixed as NRS 35,000 (excluding 13% VAT) per hour.

Security Charges: Security charges at the rate of 10% of the landing fees as mentioned above shall be imposed.

The following aircraft are exempted from payment of landing and parking fees:

a) Foreign diplomatic aircraft engaged on diplomatic missions to Nepal.

b) Aircraft withheld by Director General, CAAN for necessary investigation.

c) Such other aircraft as the Director General, CAAN may approve.

d) UN-registered Aircraft

FUEL SERVICES CHARGES

Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) has a fuel depot with storage capacity (KL): Physical -7640 and Mobile 161.

Storage Type: Vertical Tank (1600×3, 760×3), UG Tank (70×8).

Refueller Details: AR26, 27, 38 (27 KL). AR34, 35,36,37, 40 (16KL) of ATF and 161 KL of fuel standby in refuellers provided by the Nepal Oil Corporation.

 

Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

1.02/litre (Duty Paid)*

Avgas

N/A

As of 01 February 2023

Exchange rate: 1 USD = 132.814 NPR

CARGO TERMINAL CHARGES

For information on service rates and charges,

Sn

Category of Goods

Export

Import

1

General

Per kg NPR 1.21 or NPR 242 minimum; whichever is higher

Per kg NPR 6.47 or NPR 121 minimum; whichever is higher

2

Valuable

Per kg NPR 3.03 or NPR 302.5 minimum; whichever is higher

Per kg NPR 9.88 or NPR 242 minimum; whichever is higher

3

Perishable

Per kg NPR 2.42 or Rs 242 minimum; whichever is higher

Per kg NPR 9.88 or NPR 242 minimum; whichever is higher

4

Dangerous

Per kg NPR 6.50 or NPR 650 minimum; whichever is higher

Per kg NPR 19.36 or NPR 484 minimum; whichever is higher

5

Express Courier Bag, Express Courier Parcel and Express Cargo

Per kg NPR 6.50 or NPR 121 minimum; whichever is higher

Per kg NPR 6.50 or NPR 242 minimum; whichever is higher

6

For the export and import of live animals, the service charge is double of service charge for valuable goods

(Source: TIA Cargo Terminal Charges)

  • In case of palletization and de-palletization of the goods NPR 60.50 per ton will be charged.
  • In case of a request from the goods owner to manage goods beyond office hours and during the holidays separate charge of NPR 242 per consignment will be levied.
  • Demurrage charge will be as follows;
  • Export: For the first seven days no charges are applicable, after 7 days for 30 days NPR 0.90 per kg will be charged and from 31 days to 60 days NPR 2.11 per kg will be charged,
  • Import:  For the first seven days no charges are applicable, after 7 days for 30 days NPR 2.42 per kg will be charged and from 31 days to 60 days NPR 3.03 per kg will be charged. Provided that, if the goods are not taken within the exempted period, demurrage charges shall be levied from the date of receipt of such goods.

Security

Among the three security forces of Nepal, the Nepal Army and Nepal Police work in conjunction to provide security at TIA. Nepal Police has the responsibility to control access and searches for passengers and goods. Nepal Army has the responsibility to control and secure the premises of the TIA. Also, the presence of the Nepal Army’s Kali Dal Battalion adjacent to the premise of TIA bolsters security at all hours of the day and night.

 

Nepal - 2.2.2 Gautam Buddha (Bhairahawa) International Airport

Airport ​​​​Overview 

Gautam Buddha International Airport, also known as Bhairahawa Airport was initially began as a domestic airport in 1958. In 1977 it was renamed in honour of Lord Gautam Buddha, who was born in Lumbini, located 18 KM west of the airport. This airport was later upgraded to an international airport, on 16 May 2022 it served the first international flight. It has a 3000 m long single runway. It is one of the three international airports of Nepal, others are Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu and Pokhara International Airport in Pokhara. The airport features a cargo building with a capacity of  8000 square meter. However, this storage area often remains unutilized due to the absence of regular scheduled international flights. Unfortunately, there is no cold storage facility available as of now, however, a designated space has been allocated in the newly constructed cargo building to establish the cold storage facility when required. For the transportation of temperature-sensitive and medical cargo, careful planning is essential. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Lumbini Province, Rupandehi District 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Bhairahawa, 

2.5 km east of the airport 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Gautam Budhha International Airport (Bhairahawa Airport) 

Latitude 

27.50620 

Longitude 

83.41752 

Elevation (ft and m) 

346.5 ft / 105.6 m 

IATA Code 

BWA 

ICAO Code 

VNBW 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN), Bhairahawa Airport 
Off: 977-71597021 Tower: 977-71597043 

Fax: 977-71455004 

AFS: VNBWYDYX 

E-mail: gautambuddha_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

Mr. Hansa Raj Pandey, General Manager 

Open: Day only or 24 hrs 

16 Feb to 15 Nov – 06:00 LT to 00:00 LT 

16 Nov to 15 Feb – 06:30 LT to 00:00 LT 

Number of Runways (including length and width) 

1, RWY 10/28 3000mx45m 

Number of helipads, including dimensions 

No designated helipads, with prior approval airport authorities can designate an area for helicopter landing as per requirements 

Airport Picture 

image-20240506110256-1 

 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

Although Gautam Buddha International Airport (GBIA) started international operation in May 2022, it is not yet operated at full capacity, it has only served occasional international flights. The key companies present at the airport are the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN), GBIA Customs Office, Nepal Police, and Nepal Army.   

For more information on airport contacts, please see the following link: 4.5 Airport Companies Contact List

Information on some aviation service providers can be found at: http://www.azfreight.com/ and https://www.airportdata.com/ 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

GBIA features a newly built 3000 m x 45 m single runway which is used for take-offs and landings. The old 1500 m runway is currently being used as a parallel taxiway. 

Customs 

Yes 

JET A-1 fuel 

Yes 

Immigration 

Yes 

AVGAS 100 

No 

Terminal Building 

Yes 

Ground Handling Services 

Yes 

Passenger Terminal 

Yes 

Cargo terminal 

Yes 

Airport Operating Details 

Operating Details 

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Bulk Cargo 

B777-200 or similar (Remarks: can be parked at International Apron Bay No.2) 

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Pallet 

B777-200 or similar (Remarks: can be parked at International Apron Bay No.2) 

Storage Area (m3 and MT) 

Existing 500 MT (New Cargo building under construction) 

Handling Equipment 

Elevators / Hi Loaders  

No 

Max Capacity (MT) 

 

Max Height 

(m) 

 

Loading Ramps 

Yes, 2 available 

Other Comments 

Nepal Airlines Corporation provides the ground handling service with equipment. In case of requirement, needed equipment can be made available from Kathmandu. (A week advance notice to be provided) 

Customs Guidance 

The government has established a customs office at the airport for smooth clearance of import and export cargo. For individual travelers, all baggage must be declared and cleared through customs on arrival at the port of entry. For import of cargo, the importer must apply along with air waybill copies to the customs office for clearance of goods.

Procedures and custom waiver process for relief items can be found in 1.3 Nepal Customs Information

CLEARING AGENTS 

Company Name 

What categories do they treat (food, fuel, vehicles, pharmaceuticals, or all-rounders)? 

 

Bonded/Non-bonded warehouse Capacity  

Temperature controlled /Non temperature controlled 

Rising Star Cargo Pvt Ltd 

All rounder 

No 

No 

 

 

 

 

 

Storage ​​Facilities 

Nepal Transit and Warehousing Company Ltd (NTWCL) is managing the newly built cargo building at GBIA. The new building is constructed at an area of 8000 m². The airport has not yet functioned at full capacity and the storage space for cargo generally remains empty, however, it is essential to note that there is no cold storage facility available. Therefore, careful planning is necessary for the shipment of temperature-sensitive and medical cargo. 

 

BONDED STORAGE (STORAGE AVAILABLE BEFORE CUSTOMS)  

Storage condition   

Number of Storage Facilities 

Total Area 

(m²) 

Total volume (m³)   

Handling requirement   

Open air   

N/A 

 

 

 

General cargo (closed)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Bagged Cargo 

N/A 

 

 

 

Temperature controlled (15 to 25 °C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Keep Cool (2 to 8 °C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Freezing Temp (minus 25 to minus 15°C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Ultra cold-chain temp (minus 80 to minus 60°C) 

N/A 

 

 

 

Narcotics Cage   

N/A 

 

 

 

  

NON-BONDED STORAGE (STORAGE AVAILABLE AFTERS CUSTOMS)  

Storage condition   

Number of Storage Facilities 

Total Area 

(m²) 

Total Volume (m³)   

Handling requirement   

Open air   

N/A 

 

 

 

General cargo (closed)   

8000 m² 

 

 

Bagged Cargo 

N/A 

 

 

 

Temperature controlled (15 to 25 °C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Keep Cool (2 to 8 °C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Freezing Temp (minus 25 to minus 15°C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Ultra cold-chain temp (minus 80 to minus 60°C) 

N/A 

 

 

 

Narcotics Cage   

N/A 

 

 

 

 

Airfield Costs 

NAVIGATION CHARGES 

All fees except the passenger service charge and entrance fees should be paid by the commander of the aircraft or agent without demand before the aircraft departs from the aerodrome. For aircraft carrying out international flights, all payments of fees should be made in US dollars.  

Charges 

Aircraft Weight - MTOW (kg) 

 

0 - 7,000 

7,001 - 136,000 

136,001 and over 

Navigation (per journey) USD - $ 

$45.90 (up to 25,00 kg) 

$76.50 (25,001 kg to 50,000 kg) 

 

$152.75 (50,001 kg to 75,000 kg) 

$303.50 (any part over 75,000 kg) 

Landing USD - $ 

12.50 

(up to 10,000 kg) 

12.50 plus, 2.50 each for 1000 kg (10,001 kg to 25,000 kg) 

 

50.00 plus 3.75 for each 1000 kg (25,001 kg to 50,000 kg) 

 

143.75 plus 6.00 for each 1000 kg (50,001 kg to 75,000 kg) 

 

293.75 plus 7.35 for each 1000 kg (75,001 kg to 100,000 kg) 

447.50 plus 8.55 for each 1000 kg (any part over 100,000 kg) 

Night Landing USD - $ 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Night Take-Off USD - $ 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Parking 

$1.00 per kg (up to 50,000 kg) 

$50.00 plus $1.05 for each 1000kg (50,001 kg to 100,000 kg) 

$22.25 plus $1.95 for each 1000 kg (any part over 100,000 kg) 

Handling Charges 

NPR 5,000 (for self-handling) NPR 10,000 (for commercial ground handling) 

NPR 5,000 (for self-handling) NPR 10,000 (for commercial ground handling) 

NPR 5,000 (for self-handling) NPR 10,000 (for commercial ground handling) 

13 % VAT is applicable in the above-mentioned charges. (Source: CAAN AIP Nepal)  

An additional charge will be levied for each landing made outside of the published operation hours of the aerodrome based on time used, on an hourly basis. For international flights, this amount is fixed as NRS 35,000 (excluding 13% VAT) per hour.  

Security Charges: Security charges at the rate of 10% of the landing fees as mentioned above shall be imposed.  

The following aircraft are exempted from payment of landing and parking fees:   

a) Foreign diplomatic aircraft engaged on diplomatic missions to Nepal.   

b) Aircraft withheld by Director General, CAAN for necessary investigation.   

c) Such other aircraft as the Director General, CAAN may approve.   

d) UN-registered Aircraft  

FUEL SERVICES CHARGES 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

1.02 / litre (Duty Paid) * 

Avgas 

N/A 

As of 9-Jan-2024  

*Exchange rate: 1 USD = 133.064 NPR 

 

CARGO TERMINAL CHARGES 

A cargo charge at the rate of seventy-five paisa per kilogram is imposed on the cargo imported through the airway. 

Sn 

Category of Goods 

Export 

Import 

General 

Per kg NPR 1.00 or NPR 200 minimum; whichever is higher 

Per kg NPR 5.35 or NPR 100 minimum; whichever is higher 

Valuable 

Per kg NPR 2.50 or NPR 250 minimum; whichever is higher 

Per kg NPR 8.00 or NPR 200 minimum; whichever is higher 

Perishable 

Per kg NPR 2.00 or Rs 200 minimum; whichever is higher 

Per kg NPR 8.00 or NPR 250 minimum; whichever is higher 

Dangerous 

Per kg NPR 5.00 or NPR 500 minimum; whichever is higher 

Per kg NPR 16.00 or NPR 400 minimum; whichever is higher 

Express Courier Bag, Express Courier Parcel and Express Cargo 

Per kg NPR 5.00 or NPR 100 minimum; whichever is higher 

Per kg NPR 5.00 or NPR 200 minimum; whichever is higher 

For the export and import of live animals, the service charge is double of service charge for valuable goods 

Source: GBIA Cargo Terminal Charges 

 

  • In case of palletization and de-palletization of the goods NPR 50.00 per ton will be charged.  

  • In case of a request from the goods owner to manage goods beyond office hours and during the holidays separate charge of NPR 200 per consignment will be levied. 

  • Demurrage charge will be as follows; 

  • Export: For the first seven days no charges are applicable, after 7 days for 30 days NPR 0.75 per kg will be charged and from 31 days to 60 days NPR 1.75 per kg will be charged, 

  • Import:  For the first seven days no charges are applicable, after 7 days for 30 days NPR 2.00 per kg will be charged and from 31 days to 60 days NPR 2.50 per kg will be charged. Provided that, if the goods are not taken within the exempted period, demurrage charges shall be levied from the date of receipt of such goods. 

 

Security 

The security of terminal area, access control of restricted area, search of passenger and goods is managed by Nepal police and the security of compound area is provided by Nepal army. 

Nepal - 2.2.3 Pokhara International Airport

Airport ​​​​Overview 

Pokhara International Airport (PIA) is situated at Chhine Danda, Pokhara in Gandaki Province, Nepal. It is located approximately 3 km east of Pokhara’s existing Domestic Airport and 200 km far west from Kathmandu. The elevation of this airport is around 800 m above mean sea level. This airport serves as the main gateway for pilgrims and tourists to travel to the famous religious places: Muktinath, Jomsom, and Annapurna Round Trek. The airport has three international parking bays and eight domestic parking bays. This airport has a 3500 m² terminal building for customs and cargo, but it lacks a cold storage facility. This storage area often remains unutilized due to the absence of regular scheduled international flights hence the shipment of temperature-sensitive and medical cargo should be planned carefully. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Gandaki Province, Kaski District 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Pokhara, 3 km 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Pokhara International Airport 

Latitude 

28.182803 

84.014894 

84.014894 

Elevation (ft and m) 

2624 ft / 800 m 

IATA Code 

PKR 

ICAO Code 

VNPR 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal 

Pokhara International Airport Civil Aviation Office 

Tel- +977-61-597007 Fax- +977-61-455725  

AFS- VNPRYDYX  

E-mail- pokhara_cao@caanepal.gov.np  

Website: PIA (caanepal.gov.np) 

Management Contact Person 

Jasoda Subedi (Spokesperson) 

Tel: 061-597012 

Open: Day only or 24 hrs 

16 Feb to 15 Nov: 0015UTC-1300UTS 

16 Nov to 15 Feb: 0045UTC-1215UTC 

Number of Runways (including length and width) 

RWY 12/30 2500mx45m 

Number of helipads, including dimensions 

No designated helipads, with prior approval airport authorities can designate an area for helicopter landing as per requirements 

Airport Picture 

 

image-20240506111353-1

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

The key companies present at the airport are the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN), the Nepal Police, the Armed Police Force and the Nepal Army.   

For more information on airport contacts, please see the following link: 4.5 Airport Companies Contact List

Information on some aviation service providers can be found at: http://www.azfreight.com/ and https://www.airportdata.com/ 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

The runway of PIA is of ICAO 4D Category and is 45 m wide and 2500 m long, and runway designation is 12-30. Runway 12 has a Non-Precision Approach (NPA), and Runway 30 has an ILS System Precision Approach CAT-1 (PA1) facility. 

 

Customs 

Yes  

JET A-1 fuel 

Yes 

Immigration 

Yes 

AVGAS 100 

No 

Terminal Building 

Yes 

Ground Handling Services 

Yes 

Passenger Terminal 

Yes 

Cargo terminal 

Yes 

Airport Operating Details 

Operating Details 

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Bulk Cargo 

 Airbus A320 and similar type of aircraft (Narrow body) 

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Pallet 

Airbus A320 and similar type of aircraft (Narrow body) 

Storage Area (m3 and MT) 

3500 m² 

Handling Equipment 

Elevators / Hi Loaders  

 

Max Capacity (MT) 

 

Max Height 

(m) 

 

Loading Ramps 

Yes 

Other Comments 

 

Customs Guidance 

As of February 2024, despite the approval to establish a customs office from the Council of Ministers in Jan 2023, the government has not yet established a customs office at the Pokhara International Airport. For individual travellers, all baggage must be declared and cleared through customs on arrival at the port of entry. For the import of cargo, the importer must submit an application along with air waybill copies to the customs office for clearance of goods. Procedures and custom waiver process for relief items can be found in 1.3 Nepal Customs Information. 

CLEARING AGENTS 

Company Name 

What categories do they treat (food, fuel, vehicles, pharmaceuticals, or all-rounders)? 

 

Bonded/Non-bonded warehouse Capacity  

Temperature controlled /Non temperature controlled 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Storage ​​Facilities 

This airport has a 3500 m² building for customs and cargo, with a yearly planned turnover of 2600 mt capacity, but it lacks a cold storage facility. Due to the absence of customs office followed regular scheduled international flights, this storage area often remains unutilized. Hence the shipment of temperature-sensitive and medical cargo should be planned carefully.  

BONDED STORAGE (STORAGE AVAILABLE BEFORE CUSTOMS)  

Storage condition   

Number of Storage Facilities 

Total Area 

(m²) 

Total volume (m³)   

Handling requirement   

Open air   

N/A 

 

 

 

General cargo (closed)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Bagged Cargo 

N/A 

 

 

 

Temperature controlled (15 to 25 °C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Keep Cool (2 to 8 °C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Freezing Temp (minus 25 to minus 15°C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Ultra cold-chain temp (minus 80 to minus 60°C) 

N/A 

 

 

 

Narcotics Cage   

N/A 

 

 

 

  

NON-BONDED STORAGE (STORAGE AVAILABLE AFTER CUSTOMS)  

Storage condition   

Number of Storage Facilities 

Total Area 

(m²) 

Total Volume (m³)   

Handling requirement   

Open air   

N/A 

 

 

 

General cargo (closed)   

3500 m² 

 

 

Bagged Cargo 

N/A 

 

 

 

Temperature controlled (15 to 25 °C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Keep Cool (2 to 8 °C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Freezing Temp (minus 25 to minus 15°C)   

N/A 

 

 

 

Ultra cold-chain temp (minus 80 to minus 60°C) 

N/A 

 

 

 

Narcotics Cage   

N/A 

 

 

 

 

Airfield Costs 

NAVIGATION CHARGES 

All fees except the passenger service charge and entrance fees should be paid by the commander of the aircraft or agent without demand before the aircraft departs from the aerodrome. For aircraft carrying out international flights, all payments of fees should be made in US dollars.  

Charges 

Aircraft Weight - MTOW (kg) 

 

0 - 7,000 

7,001 - 136,000 

136,001 and over 

Navigation (per journey) USD - $ 

$45.90 (up to 25,00 kg) 

$76.50 (25,001 kg to 50,000 kg) 

 

$152.75 (50,001 kg to 75,000 kg) 

$303.50 (any part over 75,000 kg) 

Landing USD - $ 

12.50 

(up to 10,000 kg) 

12.50 plus, 2.50 each for 1000 kg (10,001 kg to 25,000 kg) 

 

50.00 plus 3.75 for each 1000 kg (25,001 kg to 50,000 kg) 

 

143.75 plus 6.00 for each 1000 kg (50,001 kg to 75,000 kg) 

 

293.75 plus 7.35 for each 1000 kg (75,001 kg to 100,000 kg) 

447.50 plus 8.55 for each 1000 kg (any part over 100,000 kg) 

Night Landing USD - $ 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Night Take-Off USD - $ 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Parking 

$1.00 per 1000 kg (up to 50,000 kg) 

$50.00 plus $1.05 for each 1000kg (50,001 kg to 100,000 kg) 

$22.25 plus $1.95 for each 1000 kg (any part over 100,000 kg) 

Handling Charges 

NPR 5,000 (for self-handling) NPR 10,000 (for commercial ground handling) 

NPR 5,000 (for self-handling) NPR 10,000 (for commercial ground handling) 

NPR 5,000 (for self-handling) NPR 10,000 (for commercial ground handling) 

13 % VAT is applicable for the above-mentioned charges. 

An additional charge will be levied for each landing made outside of the published operation hours of the aerodrome based on time used, on an hourly basis. For international flights, this amount is fixed as NRS 35,000 (excluding 13% VAT) per hour.  

Security Charges: Security charges at the rate of 10% of the landing fees as mentioned above shall be imposed.  

The following aircraft are exempted from payment of landing and parking fees:   

a) Foreign diplomatic aircraft engaged on diplomatic missions to Nepal.   

b) Aircraft withheld by Director General, CAAN for necessary investigation.   

c) Such other aircraft as the Director General, CAAN may approve.   

d) UN-registered Aircraft  

FUEL SERVICES CHARGES 

PIA manages refuelling service at the airport with support from Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC), a fuel storage with a capacity of 114,000 litres is under construction at the airport premises. For the current use NOC fetches aviation fuel from its storage at Pokhara Domestic Airport on oil tankers. 
 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

1.02/litre (Duty Paid)*  

Avgas 

N/A 

As of 01 February 2023  

Exchange rate: 1 USD = 132.814 NPR  

CARGO TERMINAL CHARGES 

On international flights cargo, NPR seventy-five paisa per kilogram is applicable. 

For more information on service rates and charges: 

Sn  

Category of Goods  

Export  

Import  

1  

General  

Per kg NPR 1.00 or NPR 200 minimum; whichever is higher  

Per kg NPR 5.35 or NPR 100 minimum; whichever is higher  

2  

Valuable  

Per kg NPR 2.50 or NPR 250 minimum; whichever is higher  

Per kg NPR 8.00 or NPR 200 minimum; whichever is higher  

3  

Perishable  

Per kg NPR 2.00 or Rs 200 minimum; whichever is higher  

Per kg NPR 8.00 or NPR 200 minimum; whichever is higher  

4  

Dangerous  

Per kg NPR 5.00 or NPR 500 minimum; whichever is higher  

Per kg NPR 16.00 or NPR 400 minimum; whichever is higher  

5  

Express Courier Bag, Express Courier Parcel and Express Cargo  

Per kg NPR 5.00 or NPR 100 minimum; whichever is higher  

Per kg NPR 5.00 or NPR 200 minimum; whichever is higher  

6  

For the export and import of live animals, the service charge is double of service charge for valuable goods  

(Source: PIA Cargo Service Charge)  

 

  • In case of palletization and de-palletization of the goods NPR 50 per ton will be charged.   

  • In case of a request from the goods owner to manage goods beyond office hours and during the holidays separate charge of NPR 200 per consignment will be levied.  

  • Demurrage charge will be as follows. 

  • Export: For the first seven days no charges are applicable, after 7 days for 30 days NPR 0.70 per kg will be charged and from 31 days to 60 days NPR 1.70 per kg will be charged, 

  • Import:  For the first seven days no charges are applicable, after 7 days for 30 days NPR 2.00 per kg will be charged and from 31 days to 60 days NPR 2.50 per kg will be charged. Provided that, if the goods are not taken within the exempted period, demurrage charges shall be levied from the date of receipt of such goods. 

Security 

Among the three security forces of Nepal, the Nepal Army, and Nepal Police work in conjunction to provide security at Pokhara International Airport (PIA). Nepal Police has the responsibility to control access and searches for passengers and goods. Nepal Army has the responsibility to control and secure the premises of the PIA.  

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.4 Bharatphur Major Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517104057-1

Pic: Aerial view of location Bharatpur Airport 

Bharatpur Airport is an all weather operational airport in  Bharatpur, a city in the Chitwan District of Bagmati Province. The airport is one of two airports in Bharatpur Metropolitan City, the other one being Meghauli Airport. The airport is located 1 mile (1.6 km) southwest of Bharatpur's city centre/Narayanghat Operating Airlines are Buddha Air, and Yeti Airlines with scheduled connectivity to Kathmandu and Pokhara. 

 

 Aerodrome Administration operation hours are as follows: 

  1. 16 February to 15 November: 0600 LT - 1845 LT 

  1. 16 November to 15 February: 0630 LT - 1800 LT    

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Bagmati Province/ Chitwan 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

The airport is within Bharatpur City  

Airport’s Complete Name 

Bharatpur Airport  

Latitude 

27.67805 

Longitude 

84.42944 

Elevation (ft and m) 

679 ft (207 m) 

IATA Code 

BHR 

ICAO Code 

VNBP 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal  

Bharatpur Civil Aviation Office,  

Bharatpur, Chitwan  

Off: 977-056-526573 

Tower: 977-056-520254  

Fax - 977-056-526573  

AFS – VNBPYDYX 

Email: bharatpur_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1200 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

15/33 

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Good 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

X-Ray: Hold Baggage; Metal Detector: Walk Through, Handheld, CCTV Surveillance System, FIDS 

Runway Lighting 

Runway End Light- RWY 15,  

Runway Threshold Identification Light- TRWY 33 

 

 

Refuelling Capacity 

 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

Available with local airline operator 

Air Traffic Control  

Controlled, Two Men Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

Class C Airspace. Visual Flight Rules, HF SSB, VHF, Hot Line,  

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Wheel type Fire Extinguisher Available 

Weather Information 

Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

8360 sq.m. of Concrete Apron; Four ATR 42 Types 

Navigation Aids 

NDB 

Perimeter Fencing 

Yes 

Windsock  

No 

 

 

* Runway Threshold Identification lights 

Fuel Services Charges 

n/a 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

n/a 

 

Nepal - 2.2.5 Biratnagar Major Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517104228-1

Pic: Aerial view of Biratnagar Airport 

Biratnagar Airport located North of Biratnagar Bazaar, Morang district, in Koshi Province. It is 6 Kms South of Biratnagar City accessed via blacktopped urban road. It is the second busiest domestic airport in Nepal. This airport has a night landing facility as well and supports some short take-off and landing (STOL) airports in the region.The scheduled airlines from Biratnagar Airport with scheduled connectivity to and from Tumlingtar, Bhojpur, Kathmandu are:- Buddha Air, Yeti Airlines, Shree Airlines, Nepal Airlines, and Saurya Airlines. ATR72, CRJ200/700, DHC8, MA60, ATR42, JS-41, B190, D228, DHC6, L410, and Y12 types aircraft are permissible for take-off and landing in Biratnagar airport. 

The runaway is at risk of flooding in the monsoon season, which could suspend operations. There was a history of closure of airport operation for fixed wing aircraft due to the flood in the year of 2016 and 2021. 

Aerodrome Administration operation hours are as follows: 

  1. 16th Feb to 15th Nov 0600LT-1845LT  

  1. 16th Nov to 15th Feb 0630LT-1800LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/ Morang 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

6 km North West 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Biratnagar Airport 

Latitude 

26.48426 

Longitude 

87.26617 

Elevation (ft and m) 

245.94 ft (74.972 m)  

IATA Code 

BIR 

ICAO Code 

VNVT 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal,  

Biratnagar Civil Aviation Office, Biratnagar, Morang.   

Tel- 977-021-460155, 4602060  

AFS - VNVTYDYX,  

E-mail: biratnagar_cao@caanepal.gov.np  

Management Contact Person 

 Airport Chief, 9852020859 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1500 m x 30 m  

Runway Orientation 

9/27 

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Good 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

X-Ray: Hold Baggage, Hand Baggage 

Metal Detector: handheld, Walkthrough, CCTV Surveillance System, FIDS 

Runway Lighting 

Runway Light  

Approach Light - RWY 09   

PAPI Light  Both 09/27 

Taxiway Light 

Refuelling Capacity 

Single point Refuelling. Aviation Fuel Depot. Jet A1.  

During the period of flight operation 2 refuelers 1000 L/m 

AR 33- 11KL and AR 53- 16 KL 

Ground Handling Services 

Available with local airline operators, Airlines manage ground handling  

Air Traffic Control  

Controlled Class C Airspace, IFR, VFR, HF SSB, AMHS, RCAG, Hot Line, UHF Band Communication System, wo Men Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Category V Rescue equipment, AD Category V 

Large Foam Tender -1 

Medium Foam Tender -1 

Ambulance -1 

Weather Information 

METAR 

VHF 

Aircraft Parking Space 

 14,445 sq m with Taxing Area, 5 aircrafts  (ATR72 Type Aircraft 4, DH8D Type Aircraft -1)   

Navigation Aids  

DVOR 100 NM DME 100 NM  

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

Yes - 3 

 

 

    image-20240517104228-2 Fuel Services Charges 

The airport takes support from Nepal Oil Corporation for the provision of Jet fuel for the aircraft. NOC maintains the reserve of 210 Kilo Litre at its office premises. NOC strictly adheres to the quality it has set for the Air Fuel and the price per litre is as set by the NOC. 
 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

 1.02 / ltr (Duty Paid) * 

Avgas 

No 

*As of 01 Jan, 2024 Exchange Rate 1 US$ = 133.064 NPR 

 

Nepal - 2.2.6 Chandraghadi Major Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517104355-1

Pic: Aerial view of Bhadrapur Airport 

Chandragadhi Airport also known as  Bhadrapur Airport, is an airport in Bhadrapur Municipality,- 8  in the Jhapa District of Koshi Province with a distance of 3.2 Km North West from Bhadrapur city. Due proximity to eastern boarder of Nepal, the airport finds strategic significance as well as domestic destination for travellers coming from north eastern states of India, Bhutan and Bangladesh as well. All commercial airlines operate through one small terminal of Chandragadi Airport. 

Sita Air, Buddha Air,  Saurya Airlines, Yeti Airlines and Shree Airlines operate their flights to and from Kathmandu and Taplejung with scheduled connectivity. Night Flight is also operational from Chandragadi Airport. 

10 Flights daily take off from this airport but no cargo flights service is available in this airport.  

  1. Aerodrome Administration operation hours are as follows: Air Traffic Service operational hours all year-round Night Operation Facilities are as follows:16th Feb to 15th Nov - 0600LT-LT  24:00 

  1. 16th Nov to 15th Feb - 0630LT-1800LT  

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province, Jhapa 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

In proximity with District Headquarter- Chandragadhi  

Airport’s Complete Name 

Chandragadhi Civil Aviation Office 

 

Latitude 

26.56965 

Longitude 

88.07741 

Elevation (ft and m) 

312.184 ft (95.149 m) 

IATA Code 

BDP 

ICAO Code 

VNCG 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal 

Chandragadhi Civil Aviation Office 

Chandragadhi, Jhapa  

Office- 977-23455232 

Tel- 977-23-455075  

Fax - 977-23-456801  

AFS – VNCGYDYX 

Email: chandragadhi_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

Indra Raj Adhikari 

Chief Airport Officer 

Contact: 9852678417 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1500 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

10/28  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Good, operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

X-Ray: Hold baggage; Walk through and Hand-held Metal detector 
CCTV Surveillance System 

Runway Lighting 

‘Yes’ *PAPI 30° on Runway 10 

1500m, 60m, White, LIM 

Refueling Capacity 

JET A-1, during period of flight operation by NOC with 3 vouchers; 2 mobile voucher and 1 is fixed voucher. 

Ground Handling Services 

Available with local airlines operator,  

Air Traffic Control  

Controlled Class C Airspace, Visual Flight Rule (VFR), Instrumental Flight Rule (RNP Approach), Two Men Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Portable type fire extinguisher available 

Weather Information 

Tower Observation. MET office information. 

 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Four ATR72 Types: DH8D, ATR72, ATR42, CRJ 71, CRJ2 and One Twin Otter 

11850 sq m,  Concrete 

Navigation Aids  

 DVOR/DME, UHF Band Communication System 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

 

 

*Precision Approach Path Indicators 

Fuel Service Charges 

The airport takes support from Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC) for the provision of Jet fuel for the aircraft. NOC maintains the reserve of 60 Kilo Litre at its office premise and installed an airport based depot too. NOC strictly adheres to the quality it has set for the Air Fuel and the price per litre is as set by the NOC.  

image-20240517104355-2 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

0.543 / ltr (Duty Paid) * 

Avgas 

No 

*As of 1st October  2023 

*Exchange rate 1 USD: 132.86  NPR 

Nepal - 2.2.7 Major Domestic Airport - Dhangadhi

Airport Overview 

image-20240517104527-1

Picture: Arial view of Dhangadhi Airport-Kailali, Sudurpashchim province 

Dhangadhi Airport is situated at Dhangadhi Sub Metropolitan City of Kailali District, Sudurpashchim Province. This airport has direct air link with Kathmandu’s Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA). The airport is located at an elevation of 176 metres (577 ft) above sea level. It has one runway which is 1,800 metres (5,906 ft) in length and is equipped with night landing facility. The operation hours are: 

  1. 01 Nov to 30 Jan: 1000LT – 1600LT 

  1. 01 Feb to 30 Oct: 1000LT – 1700LT 

National airline operators provide scheduled air service from this airport to Kathmandu. The largest aircraft it can serve is Fokker 100 or similar type of aircraft. This airport also serves weekly two flights to Bajhang and Sanfebagar  airports located in Sudurpaschim Province.  

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal  

Province or District 

Sudurpashchim  

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Dhangadi  

DISTANCE (6 KM-North) 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Dhangadi Airport  

Latitude 

28.75302 

Longitude 

80.58314 

Elevation (ft and m) 

621 ft. / 189 m. 

IATA Code 

DHI 

ICAO Code 

VNDH 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority –Dhangadi, Kailali  

Off: 977- 91575119 Tower: 977-91575219 Fax: 977-91575119  

E-mail: dhangadhi_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

 

Management Contact Person 

Ganesh Bahadur Singh 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

Yes, WFP has constructed a Humanitarian Staging Area (HSA) in the premises of the airport 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1800 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

 E27 and W09 

Runway Surface 

Asphalt 

Runway Condition 

Good, Blacktop and operational  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Yes,  

Walk-through X-Ray, Handheld Metal Detector, CCTV Surveillance, UHF Band Communication System and FIDS 

Runway Lighting 

Yes -PAPI 

Refueling Capacity 

Yes 60KL, Available and Provided by Nepal Oil Corporation  

Ground Handling Services 

Yes, with the local airlines.  

Air Traffic Control  

Yes  

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Yes, CAT – 5 

 

Weather Information 

 Yes, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Yes- 4 Aircrafts (ATR 72 types) 

Navigation Aids  

Yes / VOR 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes – iron net fencing  

Windsock  

Yes  

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

The airport takes support from Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC) for the provision of Jet fuel for the aircraft. Nepal Oil corporation maintains the reserve of 60 Kilo Litre at its office premise. NOC strictly adheres to the quality it has set for the Air Fuel and the price per liter is as set by the NOC.  
 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

 1.02 (Duty Paid) * 

Avgas 

No 

*As of 01 Jan, 2024 Exchange Rate 1 US$ = 133.064 NPR 

Link for more detail: 

DHANGADHI-AIRPORT.pdf (caanepal.gov.np) 

Link for ICAO and IATA Code: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_airports_in_Nepal 

Nepal - 2.2.8 Nepalgunj Major Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517104645-1

Pic: Aerial view of Nepalgunj Airport 

Nepalgunj Airport is a domestic hub airport in Nepalgunj, a sub-Metropolitan city in Banke District of Lumbini Province . It lies 9 km NE of the city and can be accessed via tarmac road H12. This is one of the main domestic hub airports, after Kathmandu airport, having the highest number of air links with 16 airports (8 in operation) of Karnali Province and Sudur-Paschim Province. 

 

It can handle twin engine turbo-prop aircraft types such as: ATR72, CRJ200/700, DHC8, MA60, ATR42, JS-41, B190, D228, DHC6, L410, Y12. Airlines operating scheduled flights are Buddha Air, Yeti Airlines, Tara Air, Shree Airlines, Sita Air, Summit Airways, Nepal Airlines. 

Aerodrome Administration operation hours are as follows: 

1. SUN-THU 10:00 -17:00 LT (SUMMER), 10:00-1600 LT (WINTER) 

2. FRI 10:00-1500 LT   

Air Traffic Service operational hours all year-round are as follows: 

3. From 16 Feb - 15 Nov  0600 hrs to 1845 hrs LT 

4. From 16 Nov - 15 Feb  0630 hrs to 1800 hrs LT 

The airport is equipped with night landing facility and can operate at any hour during an emergency or on request. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Lumbini Province/ Banke 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

9 kms NE of City 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Nepalgunj Airport  

Latitude 

28.10150 

Longitude 

81.66737 

Elevation (ft and m) 

518 ft (158 m) 

IATA Code 

KEP 

ICAO Code 

VNNG 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal,  

Nepalgunj Civil Aviation Office,  

Nepalgunj, Banke  

Tel- 977-081-565158 (Director) 565205 (Tower), 565210 (Admin)  

Fax - 977-081-565204 

AFS – VNNGYDYX 

E-mail: nepalgunj_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

Suresh Prasad Khanal 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

 Yes, WFP has constructed an HSA in the airport premises. 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

 1700 x 30 m  

Runway Orientation 

08 –  

26 –  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Good, operational  

 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

X-Ray: Hold baggage, Hand baggage 
Metal Detector: Walk through, Handheld, CCTV, UHF, FIDs 

Runway Lighting 

 PAPI / Runway Lighting / Beacon light / Rails Light / Obstruction Light 

Refuelling Capacity 

Jet A1 during Operation Hours 

Ground Handling Services 

Available with local airlines operator 

Air Traffic Control  

Controlled Class C Airspace 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Category V Rescue equipment 

Weather Information 

Yes, Tower Observation and Met Forecast relayed by GBIA every half an hour 

Aircraft Parking Space 

15640 sqm of concrete Apron, 1 CRJ, 2 ATR72s, 5 Twin Otters and 2 Helicopters 

Navigation Aids  

 VOR / DME 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

Yes 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

The airport takes support from Nepal Oil Corporation for the provision of Jet fuel for the aircraft. NOC maintains the reserve of 60 Kilo Litre at its office premise. NOC strictly adheres to the quality it has set for the Air Fuel and the price per litre is as set by the NOC. 
 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

 1.02 / ltr (Duty Paid) * 

Avgas 

No 

*As of  11 Oct 2023 

*Exchange rate 1 USD:  132.90 NPR 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.9 Major Domestic Airport - Simara

Airport Overview 

image-20240517104747-1

Aerial view of Simara Airport-Bara, Madhesh Province   

Simara Airport is situated at Jitpur Simara metropolitan city of Bara District in Madhesh Province. It is considered a strategic domestic airport due to its proximity to Birgunj - Nepal’s fifth biggest city - and 20km from Raxaul, South at the border with India. The airport is located at a distance of 116 km from Kathmandu, via the Kulekhani-Sisneri-Pharping road, which is not suitable for heavy trucks. The airport is located at a distance of 261 km from Kathmandu via the main highway from Narayanghat to Kathmandu.   

image-20240517104747-2

National airline Budhha Airlines and Yeti Airlines  provide services from the airport to Kathmandu only 

 

  1. 1st Nov to 31 Jan 1000 hrs – 1600 hrs LT 

  1. 1st Feb to 31 Oct 1000 hrs – 1700 hrs LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

 Madhesh Province 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Birgunj-Parsa - 20 km 

Hetauda-Makwanpur - 34 km 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Simara Airport    

Latitude 

27.16382 

Longitude 

84.97964 

Elevation (ft and m) 

 137 m  / 450 feet 

449/37 m 9 (in June month) 

IATA Code 

SIF 

ICAO Code 

VNSI   

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority –Simara-Bara. 

Surya Bahadur Khatri 

Chief Airport 

Off: 977-53520210   

Tower: 977-53-520110   

Fax: 977-53-520210   

AFS: VNSIYDYX   

 

E-mail: simara_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

Off: 977-53-520210 

E-mail:simara_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1192 m x 30 m   

Runway Orientation 

01/19 

Runway Surface 

Bituminous Paved (Asphalt Concrete)   

Runway Condition 

 Operational  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

  • X-Ray: Hold Baggage  

  Walk through detector  Hand Held metel detector 

  • CCTV Surveillance: Yes  

  • UHF band communication system  

  •  

Runway Lighting 

PAPI/APAPI Light- APAPI ; Runway Edge light 

Refueling Capacity 

Yes:  16 KL dispenser –2 Vouchers and 6 KL dispenser- 1 Voucher ; Available and Provided by Nepal Oil Corporation    

Ground Handling Services 

Yes with the local airline  

Air Traffic Control  

Communication System : HF SSB, VHF, AMHS, Hot line  and UHF Telephone 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

 Yes- Category 5 

Weather Information 

Associated MET Office,  all operational hour by meteorological office  

Aircraft Parking Space 

Yes -  2 ATR- 72/42  aircraft 

Navigation Aids  

Yes / VOR /DME 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes – Iron net fencing    

Windsock  

Yes 

 

 

For more information, please see this link - SIMARA AIRPORT.pdf (caanepal.gov.np) 

Fuel Services Charges 

Re- fuelling facility is started from 3rd December 2023  with 16LK and 6 KL dispenser at airport. 

 image-20240517104747-3 

  1. 16LK and        2) 6 KL refueling dispenser at Simara airport. 

 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

 1.02 (Duty Paid) *   

Avgas 

No 

*As of   Oct 13, 2023 Exchange Rate: 1 US$ = 132.90 NPR 

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

Other relevant Information: 

Simara airport has also prepared an emergency plan to provide emergency services in case of emergency as per the plan of District Disaster Risk Management Committee of Bara District. 

 

Nepal - 2.2.10 Major Domestic Airport - Surkhet

Airport Overview 

image-20240517104929-1 

Pic: Aerial view of Surkhet Airport with surrounding habitation of Birendranagar 

Surkhet Airport is situated at Birendranagar Municipality of Surkhet District, Karnali Province. It is one of the hub airports of mid-Western Nepal and serves most of the remote sectors of the western part of the country – Jumla, Humla, Kalikot, Mugu, Dolpa, Bajhang, Bajura and Rukum (although infrequent). Surkhet Airport serves mainly as transport for cargo rather than passengers to the Karnali and Sudurpaschim Provinces. This airport is strategically important for the transportation of food grains, clothes, medicines, iodine-mixed salt, construction materials, office goods, school materials like books and stationeries as well as other commercial goods. There are scheduled passenger flights from Kathmandu to Surkhet daily.   

Expansion of the runway is limited due to the hilly landscape. The approach is only from one side South to North 20 degrees. Aircraft models such as B190, D228, DHC6, L410, Y12, C208 are the appropriate types of aircraft for this airport. Buddha Air operates scheduled flight with ATR72, and Shree Airlines operates with DH8D aircraft from Kathmandu to Surkhet. The Airport has no dedicated landing zones for helicopters. The control tower is well capacitated to oversee a 5-mile radius centered at the Airport Reference Point (ARP).  

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Karnali Province/ Surkhet   

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

 1.5 KM east from Birendranagar City   

Airport’s Complete Name 

 Surkhet Airport 

Latitude 

 28.3509  

Longitude 

 81.3807  

Elevation (ft and m) 

 7395 ft. / 2254 m. 

IATA Code 

SKH 

ICAO Code 

VNSK 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal,  

Surkhet Civil Aviation Office, Surkhet  

Off: 977-83520269 

Tel 977 083 520202 (Tower) 

Fax: 977-83521945 

AFS: VNSKYDYX 

E-mail: surkhet_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

Rajan Raj Dhungel, Airport Chief  

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1255 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

   

02/20 -  

Runway Surface 

Bituminous Paved (Asphalt Concrete) 

Runway Condition 

Good 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Walk-through X-Ray, Handheld Metal Detector, CCTV Surveillance   

Runway Lighting 

PAPI, Threshold light & End Light 

Refueling Capacity 

During the period of flight operation / 60KL/ Provided by Nepal Oil Corporation 

Ground Handling Services 

Yes with Local airlines Operator 

Air Traffic Control  

Yes/ VFR 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Yes, has a fire fighting vehicle with “Small Foam Tender” and water capacity of 3000 litres. 

Weather Information 

Associated MET Office, After-hours Met Office Service 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Concrete apron in 13,389.12 m2 has space for 4 small aircraft but no hangar space   

Navigation Aids  

VOR 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

Yes 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

The airport takes support from Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC) for the provision of Jet fuel for the aircraft. NOC maintains the reserve of 60 kilo litres at its office premise. NOC strictly adheres to the quality it has set for the Air Fuel and the price per litre is as set by the NOC. 
 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

 1.02 (Duty Paid) * 

Avgas 

 

No 

 

*As of Oct 12, 2023 Exchange Rate: 1 US$ = 132.81 NPR 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

Nepal - 2.2.11 Minor Domestic Airport - Janakpur

image-20240517105038-1

Aerial view of Janakpur Airport-Dhanusa, Province-2 

Airport Overview 

Janakpur Airport is a domestic airport in Janakpurdham Sub Metropolitan City of Dhanusa district in Madhesh Province and is operated by the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN). It is located 4 km away from Janakpur city. Janakpur Airport was built on 13 February 1960. National airline operators operate direct flights from Kathmandu to Janakpur daily.  

The airport resides at an elevation of  233 feet ( 71 m) above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 09/27 with an asphalt surface measuring  1306 by 30 metres ( 4248 ft × 98 ft)  

image-20240517105038-2

Security of the airport periphery is provided by Nepal Army and security to the passenger is provided by Nepal Police.  

Administrative Services: 

SUN-THU 10:00 -17:00 LT (SUMMER),  

10:00-1600 LT (WINTER), FRI 10:00-1500 LT  

Air Traffic Service:  

1) From 16 Feb - 15 Nov (0015 - 1815) UTC  

2) From 16 Nov - 15 Feb (0045 - 1815) UTC 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

 Madhesh 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Janakpur - 4 km 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Janakpur Airport    

Latitude 

26.71174 

Longitude 

85.92389 

Elevation (ft and m) 

233 ft. / 71 m. 

IATA Code 

  JKR   

ICAO Code 

VNJP 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal Janakpur Civil Aviation Office, Janakpurdham, Dhanusha  

Te1- 977-041-590057  

Hot Line - 977-041- 590053  

Tower - 977-041-590052  

AFS - VNJPZTZX  

Email : janakpur_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

E-mail: janakpur_cao@caanepal.org.np 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

 1306 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

  
09/27 

Runway Surface 

Asphalt /10 

Runway Condition 

Good - blacktop and operational 

 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

  • X-Ray:  Yes 

  • Metal Detector: Yes  

  • CCTV:  Yes Surveillance, UHF Band Communication System : No  

  • FIDS: Yes 

Runway Lighting 

  • Yes - PAPI   

  • Night Operation -AFLTS Available 

Refueling Capacity 

Yes: 120 KL, Available and Provided by Nepal Oil Corporation   

Storage Capacity (KL): Bonded Tank I - 30 KL Bonded Tank II - 30 KL Storage Type: Bonded Tank Refueller Details: AR 40 (16KL  

Ground Handling Services 

Yes with the local airline: Self Managed by respective airlines. 

Air Traffic Control  

Yes; Aerodrome and Approach Service. Permitted VFR 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Fire Vehicle and Portable type fire extinguisher available. 

Complementary Extinguishing Agents and Fire Extinguishers (wheel type fire extinguishers also available, Small fire vehicle available 

Weather Information 

Associated MET Office, After-hours Met Office   

Aircraft Parking Space 

Yes-   3 ATR 72 aircraft 

Navigation Aids  

Yes /  NDB  

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes – Iron net fencing 

Windsock  

Yes- 3 ( East- Middle- West points. 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

The airport takes support from Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC) for the provision of Jet fuel for the aircraft. The fuel reserve owned by Nepal Oil Corporation is maintained outside the airport compound. 
 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

 1.02 (Duty Paid) *   

Avgas 

No 

 

*As of   Oct 13, 2023 Exchange Rate: 1 US$ = 132.90 NPR 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs)  

Airport charges landing charges as per the Airport Service Charge Regulation 2078  

N/A 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION  

1. Bird Activity a) Sometimes cases of bird concentrations in the vicinity of aerodrome may be encountered.  

b) 2. No Special procedures have been adopted to control these bird concentrations except driving them through guards and security personnel. 

Nepal - 2.2.12 Minor Domestic Airport - Jomsom

Airport Overview 

image-20240517105209-1

Pic: Aerial view of Jomsom Airport 

Jomsom airport is short take off and landing (STOL) airport located on the bank of the Kali Gandaki River serving Jomsom, a town in the Gharapjhong rural municipality of Mustang District in Gandaki Province. It serves as the gateway to the Mustang District that includes Jomsom, Kagbeni, Tangbe, Lo Manthang, and Muktinath temple, which is a popular pilgrimage destination for Nepalis and Indians. It is close to the District HQ of Mustang.   The airport is open throughout the year but has the following operating hours 

  1. 16th Feb to 15th Nov- 0600LT-1215LT 

  1. 16th Nov to 15th Feb -  0630LT-1215LT 

 

Due to high winds and clouds during the daytime, the operation stops midday year-round. Depending on the season, low clouds that restrict visibility can also halt airport operations. Regular flights are operated from Pokhara Domestic Airport to Jomsom. 

 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Gandaki Province/ Mustang 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Within the premises of Jomsom.  

Airport’s Complete Name 

Jomsom Airport  

Latitude 

28.78222 

Longitude 

83.72250 

Elevation (ft and m) 

8976 ft (2736 m)  

IATA Code 

JOM 

ICAO Code 

VNJS 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Jomsom Airport  

Tel: 977 69440126 

Tower: 977 69440006 

AFS VNJSYDYX  

Email: jomsom_cao@caanepal.org.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

 810 m x 20 m 

Runway Orientation 

06/24  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Operational in all weather  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Metal Detector: walk through and handheld and CCTV surveillance system 

Runway Lighting 

Runway End light 

Runway Threshold identification light 

Refuelling Capacity 

 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

AFIS HF SSB, VHFB 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Wheel and portable type of fire extinguisher available 

Weather Information 

AFIS, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

6000 sqm of concrete Apron, Four D228 Types 

Navigation Aids  

 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

N/A 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

Nepal - 2.2.13 Minor Domestic Airport - Jumla

Airport Overview 

image-20240517112502-1

Picture: Arial view of Jumla Airport- Karnali province 

Jumla Airport is situated at Chandannath Municipality of Jumla District, Karnali Province. This airport, close to Jumla Bazaar, is a hub for trade and travel throughout Karnali province (via this airport local products are transported to West Terai).   

Nepal Airlines, Tara Air, Summit Air, and Sita Air provides flight services to Jumla Airport, from Nepalgunj and Surkhet airports. For cargo purposes, Surkhet Airport is more cost effective. The serviceability of the airport is all weather but operational hours are as follows:  

  1. 16 Feb to 15 Nov 0600 hrs – 1845 hrs LT 

  1. 16 Nov to 15 Feb 0630 hrs – 1800 hrs LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Karnali Province/ Jumla District 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

500m East of Jumla Bazaar 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Jumla Airport   

Latitude 

 29. 1626  

Longitude 

 82.1123  

Elevation (ft and m) 

7792 ft (2375 m) 

IATA Code 

   JUM 

ICAO Code 

VNJL 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority – Jumla  

Off: 977-87520015 Tower: 977-87520015  Fax: 977- 87520015  

 

AFS: VNJLYDYX 

Email: jumla_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

  Santosh Adhikari 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

675 m x 20 m   

Runway Orientation 

 09/ 27 

Runway Surface 

Bituminous Paved (Asphalt Concrete) 

Runway Condition 

Operational  

Dornier 228 is the biggest aircraft that is in service among the aircraft like DHC6 Twin Otter, Let  

L410 Turbolet, Harbin Y-12, and Cessna 208 Caravan, basically most of the single-engine aircraft, PZL M-28, Mi-8 helicopter. 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN) has planned to expand the existing runway and construct a new terminal building. For this CAAN had already started the process of land acquisition. (Source: (nagariknetwork.com) 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Handheld Metal Detector   

Runway Lighting 

Approach and Runway Lighting System, PAPI 

Refueling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

Yes with the local airline   

Air Traffic Control  

Yes  

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Wheel and portable type fire extinguisher available by Fire Service (ULHPS), Complementary Extinguishing Agents 

Weather Information 

Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Yes - 3 small aircraft 

Navigation Aids  

Aerodrome Flight Information service 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

Yes 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

Not available in this Airport   

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

Link for more details: Jumla Airport.pdf (caanepal.gov.np) 

Nepal - 2.2.14 Minor Domestic Airport - Simikot

image-20240517112725-1

Airport Overview 

Simikot Airport which is only one means of transportation of this area situated at Simikot Rural Municipality of Humla District, Karnali Province. It is the gateway to Mount Kailash, Mansarovar Lake and for the rafting in the Karnali River which are considered as famous tourist destinations. Majority of domestic airlines are operating scheduled and chartered flights. 

The scheduled operational hour of this airport by Sita Air, Tara Air, Summit Air, Nepal Airlines to Nepalgunj is as follows: 

16th Feb to 15th Nov 0600LT-1215LT  

16th Nov to 15th Feb 0630LT-1215LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal  

Province or District 

Karnali Province, Humla 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Simikot 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Simikot Airport 

Latitude 

29.97127 

Longitude 

81.81865 

Elevation (ft and m) 

9747 ft / 2971 m  

IATA Code 

IMK 

ICAO Code 

VNST 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal Off: 977-87680137  

Tower: 977-87680137  

AFS: VNSTYDYX  

E-mail: simikot_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

650 m x 20 m 

Runway Orientation 

10/28 

Runway Surface 

Bituminous Paved (Asphalt Concrete) Surface 

Runway Condition 

Good.  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

 

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Yes,  Hand Held Metal Detector & CCTV Surveillance System 

Runway Lighting 

 

Runway End Light Yes, at RWY 10 Runway  

Threshold Identification Light Yes, at RWY 28 

Refueling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

Limited 

Air Traffic Control  

Yes, HF SSB, VHF 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Limited 

Weather Information 

Yes, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

 3800 sq.m. Apron concrete surface for 3, D228 Type Aircraft  

Navigation Aids  

Yes, UHF Band Communication System 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes, but not properly maintained 

Windsock  

Yes 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

Not Available in this Airport  

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

n/A 

Avgas 

n/A 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.15 Tumlingtar Minor Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517112921-1

Pic: Aerial view of Tumlingtar Airport 

Tumlingtar Airport is located at  Tumlingtar, Khandabari Municipality of Sankhuwasabha district, Koshi Province. It is 15 kms South of District HQ in Khandbari.  

Buddha Air, and Yeti Airlines  operate flights to Tumlingtar from Kathmandu and Biratnagar. They operate on the following hours: 

  1. 1st Nov to 31 Jan 1000 hrs – 1600 hrs LT 

  1. 1st Feb to 31 Oct 1000 hrs – 1700 hrs LT 

  1. In 2020, 717 flights carried 12,236 passengers and 16,498 kgs of cargo between destinations to and from the airport. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province / Sankhuwasabha 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

15 kms South of District HQ in Khandbari  

 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Tumlingtar Airport  

Latitude 

27.31610 

Longitude 

87.19536 

Elevation (ft and m) 

1316 ft (401 m) 

IATA Code 

TMI 

ICAO Code 

VNTR 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal  

Tumlingtar Civil Aviation Office,  

Tumlingtar, Sankhuwasabha  

Off: +977- 029 – 575207 

Fax – 977-29575207 

AFS - VNTRYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1295 m × 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

16 / 34  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

 Handheld / Walknthrough metal detector 

Runway Lighting 

PAPI 3 on Runway 34 

Refuelling Capacity 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

Uncontrolled 

Airspace Classification G 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Wheel & portable 

type fire extinguisher 

available 

Weather Information 

AFIS 

Aircraft Parking Space 

5000 sqm of concrete Asphalt, 1 ATR42, 1 Beechcraft and 1 JS 

Navigation Aids  

AFIS 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

 

 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.16 Tenzing-Hillary Minor Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517113238-1

Pic: Aerial view of Lukla Airport in Khumbu Pasanglhamu Municipality 

Lukla Airport also known as Tenzing-Hillary Airport, is a small airport in the town of Lukla,  in Khumbu, Solukhumbu District, Koshi Province. It is 25 Kms NE of the District HQ with limited road access. It is within the premise of Lukla, the gateway to Mount Everest and inside the buffer zone of Sagarmatha national park. It is one of the four airports (Kangel Danda Airport, Phaplu Airport and Syangboche Airport) in the district.  

It has been called one of the most dangerous airports in the world because of a combination of mountainous terrain, unpredictable weather and a very short and steep airstrip.  

Between Nepal Airlines, Sita Air, Summit Air and Tara Air, daily flights are scheduled all around the year. Flight cancellation because of the inclement weather is very common. 

The operation hours of the airport are as follows: 

16 Feb to 15 Nov 0600 hrs – 1845 hrs LT 

16 Nov to 15 Feb 0630 hrs – 1800 hrs LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/  Solukhumbu 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Amidst Lukla Bazaar 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Tenzing-Hillary (Lukla) Airport  

Latitude 

27.68745 

Longitude 

86.73190 

Elevation (ft and m) 

9337 ft (2846 m) 

IATA Code 

LUA 

ICAO Code 

VNLK 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Tenzing-Hillary (Lukla) Airport  

Off: 977-38550197 

Tower: 977-38550044 

Fax: 977-38550197 

AFS VNLKYDYX 

tenzinghillary_cao@caanepal.org.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1728 × 65 ft (527 × 20 m) 

Runway Orientation 

06 -  

24 -  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Good  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Metal Detector: Handheld, Walkthrough, CCTV 

Runway Lighting 

 

Refuelling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

 

One Man Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Ultra-high 

pressurize system 

fire vehicle and 

portable type fire 

extinguisher 

available. 

Weather Information 

AFIS, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

2800 sqm of concrete Apron, 4 D228 Type Aircraft 

Navigation Aids  

AFIS 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.17 Minor Domestic Airport - Rukum Salle

Airport Overview 

image-20240517113407-1

Picture: Arial view of Rukum Salle Airport  

 

Rukum Salle Airport (ICAO: VNSL), also known as Musikot Airport, is an airport serving Musikot Khalanga, a municipality located in the Southern region of Karnali Province of Nepal. It was originally opened in 1994. The airport is one of two airports in Rukum District, the other one being Rukum Chaurjahari Airport. The airport was renovated and the runway blacktopped in 2014 after previously only having a grass/clay runway. The airport resides at an elevation of 5,184 feet (1,580 m) above mean sea level. It has one asphalt runway which is 580 metres (1,903 ft) in length and 20 metres width. 

The airport is air-linked with Nepalgunj and Kathmandu. National airline operators provide scheduled flights to Musikot airport from Kathmandu and Nepalgunj.  

The airport operates all around but in the time allocated as, Operation Hours  

  1. Nov to Jan 10:00hr-16:00hr  

  1. Feb to Oct 10:00hr-17:00hr. 

The airport is located adjacently to Nepal Army’s Battalion and also shares the boundary with Nepal Food Corporation-Rukum. It is only 3 km away from the Mid Hill Highway that passes through Rukum. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal  

Province or District 

Karnali Province, West Rukum 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Musikot Bazaar less than 2 KM 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Rukum Salle Airport 

Latitude 

28.63692 

Longitude 

82.44916 

Elevation (ft and m) 

5184 ft (1580 m) 

IATA Code 

RUK 

ICAO Code 

VNSL 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Off: 977-88680354 Tower: 977-88680354 Fax: Not Available AFS: VNSLYDYX mailto: 

Email: salle_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No  

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

580 m x 20 m (could be extended to 620 M) 

Runway Orientation 

16/34 

Runway Surface 

Bituminous Paved (Asphalt Concrete) Surface 

Runway Condition 

Good.  

image-20240517113407-2

image-20240517113407-3

Dornier 228 is the biggest aircraft that is in service among the aircraft like DHC6 Twin Otter, Let L410 Turbolet, Harbin Y-12, and Cessna 208 Caravan, basically most of the single-engine aircraft.   

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Hand held metal detector and manual checking of luggage  

Runway Lighting 

No, Night landing is not possible 

Refueling Capacity 

No  

Ground Handling Services 

Yes with the local airline -manual 

Air Traffic Control  

Yes VFR 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

fire extinguisher only   

Weather Information 

Yes through Observation Tower 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Yes- 3 DHC6 type Aircraft  

Navigation Aids  

NO 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes, Also Airport shares wall with Nepal Army present at the district 

Windsock  

Yes  

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

Not Available in this Airport  

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

n/A 

Avgas 

n/A 

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

Link for more detail :  

RUKUM-SALLE-AIRPORT.pdf (caanepal.gov.np) 

Link for ICAO and IATA Code: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_airports_in_Nepal 

Nepal - 2.2.18 Minor Domestic Airport - Talcha

Airport Overview 

image-20240517113538-1

Pic: Aerial View of Talcha Airport and small cluster of habitation on the left with ATC Tower 

 

The Talcha Airport is situated at Karkibada Municipality of Mugu District, Karnali Province. It is an important gateway to the Rara National Park and is located about 2.5 hours walking distance from the Rara Lake. This airport is adjacent to the boundary of Rara National Park and within the Buffer Zone of the National Park. 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Karnali Province/ Mugu 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

 4 KM south from Gamgadhi  

Airport’s Complete Name 

Rara Airport, Talcha  

Latitude 

29.52020 

Longitude 

82.14682 

Elevation (ft and m) 

8924 ft (2720 m ) 

IATA Code 

  THL 

ICAO Code 

VNRR 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal 

Management Contact Person 

Airport Chief: 9865960795  

E-mail: rara_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

AFS: VNRRYDYX 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

570 m x 20 m 

Runway Orientation 

 18/36 

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Good 

 

image-20240517113538-2

Fig: Asphalt Concrete Runway of Talcha Airport. Runway 36 on the right 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

 Yes, hand-held metal detector 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refueling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

Yes with the local airlines operator. 

Air Traffic Control  

Yes  

Fire Fighting Equipment  

 Yes 

Weather Information 

Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Apron for 2 small Aircrafts 

Navigation Aids  

No 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes but have been not maintained properly. 

Windsock  

Yes  

 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.19 Minor Domestic Airport - Rajbiraj

Airport Overview  

image-20240517113653-1  

Aerial view of Rajbiraj Airport-Saptari, Madesh Province-2  

Rajbiraj is the district headquarters of Saptari District, Madesh Province and is located approximately 521 km from the capital, Kathmandu. The airport is situated 5km south of central Rajbiraj at Bisangapur Municipality. The 1st operation of the airport was started on 20th Feb 1960 and was  completely shutdown, the airport resumed its operations on 23 May 2018. National airline operate direct flights from Kathmandu to Rajbiraj daily. (flight time 35 minutes).        

image-20240517113653-2

Aerodrome Administrative Operation hours 

SUN-THU 10:00 -17:00 LT (SUMMER) & 10:00-1600 LT (WINTER),  

FRI 10:00-1500 LT 

Air traffic Service30 Jan to 01 Nov: 0415 – 1115 UTC 

2 Nov – 29 Jan : 0415- 1015 UTC    

 

Communication  

Rajbiraj VHF Frequency 122,5 MGHZ 

In 2022-2023  it had 712 aircraft movements, 33829 passengers, and 12160 kg cargo. 

 

Airport Location and Contact  

Country  

Nepal   

Province or District  

Madhesh Province / Saptari 

Nearest Town or City   
with Distance from Airport  

Rajbiraj, Saptari - 5 km 

Airport’s Complete Name  

Rajbiraj Airport   

Latitude  

26.51089 

Longitude  

86.73795 

Elevation (ft and m)  

  249 ft (76m) 

IATA Code  

RJB  

ICAO Code  

VNRB  

Managing Company or Airport Authority  

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal Rajbiraj, Saptari   

Tel 1 - 977- 031-532458 

Fax – NA 

AFS - VNRBYDYX  

Email: rajbiraj_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person  

Tel - 977-031-532458 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport?  

No   

Flight Service 

IFR & VFR 

Runway 

Runway  

Runway Dimensions  

 1590/30 m 

Runway Orientation  

11/29  

Runway Surface  

Asphalt  

Runway Condition  

Good - Blacktop and operational   

Airport Infrastructure Details  

Infrastructure   

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening   

  • X-Ray: No  

  • Metal Detector: Yes  

  • CCTV:  Yes 

  • UHF Band Communication System: Yes 

  • FIDS: Yes  

Runway Lighting  

 APAPI Light & going to install 

Refueling Capacity  

No   

Ground Handling Services  

Yes with the local airline   

Air Traffic Control   

Yes   

Fire Fighting Equipment   

Fire extinguisher   (portable) 

Weather Information  

 Tower Observation & RNP observation approach 

Aircraft Parking Space  

5400 sq. 2 ATR  Yes -  2 aircraft   

Navigation Aids   

Yes /VOR/DME  

Perimeter Fencing   

Yes – iron net fencing   

Windsock   

Yes - 1 

  

  

Link for further details - Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal Rajbiraj Airport  

Fuel Services Charges

N/A 

 

Other information:

No Separate Helipad 

 1. Bird Activity a) Sometimes cases of bird concentrations in the vicinity of aerodrome may be encountered.  

b) No Special procedures have been adopted to control these bird concentrations except driving them through guards and security personnel. 

Nepal - 2.2.20 Minor Domestic Airport - Dolpa

image-20240517113859-1

Airport Overview 

Dolpa Airport (IATA: DOP, ICAO: VNDP) also referred to as Juphal Airport is located in Juphal, Thuli Bheri that serves the whole of Dolpa District, in Karnali Pradesh in Nepal. It is the only airport of the district. The airport serves as the gate way to Shey- Phoksundo National Park where the Phoksundo Lake is the major attraction. The airport also serves for the means of connection to upper Dolpa Trek which is one of the famous destinations for tourists. 

The scheduled Operating airline from this airport are Tara Air, Sita Air, Nepal Airlines, Summit Air with scheduled connectivity services. 

In 2020, it had 760 flight movements, 7446 passengers and 280272 kg of cargo. The airport is air-linked with Nepalgunj and Surkhet. National airline operators provide scheduled flights to Juphal airport from Nepalgunj and Surkhet. The airport operates all around with Operation Hours as following:  

  1. 16th Feb to 15th Nov 0600LT-1215LT  

  1. 16th Nov to 15th Feb 0630LT-1215LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal  

Province or District 

Karnali Province, Dolpa 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Dunai, Dolpa 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Juphal Airport 

Latitude 

28.98554 

Longitude 

82.81948 

Elevation (ft and m) 

8137 ft (2480 m) 

IATA Code 

DOP 

ICAO Code 

VNDP 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal  

Off: 977-87690429 Tower: 977-87690429 AFS: VNDPYDYX E-mail: dolpa_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

N/A 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1  

Runway Dimensions  

560 m x 20 m  

Runway Orientation  

 16/34 

Runway Surface  

Bituminous Paved (Asphalt Concrete) Surface  

Runway Condition  

Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

 

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Yes,  Hand Held Metal Detector & CCTV Surveillance System 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refueling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

Limited 

Air Traffic Control  

Yes, One Man Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

 

Weather Information 

Yes,  Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

  

Two DHC6 Types with 2400 sq. Ashfalt surface 

Navigation Aids  

Yes, HF SSB, VHF 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes,  

Windsock  

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

Not Available in this Airport  

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

Link for more detail : 

Link for ICAO and IATA Code: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_airports_in_Nepal 

 

Nepal - 2.2.21 Minor Domestic Airport - Baitadi

image-20240517113957-1

Aerial view of Baitadi Airport 

 

Airport Overview 

Baitadi Airport also known as Patan Airport, is situated at Patan Municipality, of Baitadi District, Sudurpaschim Province.  

The airport is located at an elevation of 4127 ft (1258 m) above mean sea level. The airport has a Bituminous Paved surface runway with dimensions 590 m x 20 m. Test landing was done on 03 October 2020 after the completion of the Asphalt Concrete Runway. In 2020 it had 16 aircraft movements and 200 pax movement 

The airport was air-linked with Nepalgunj and Surkhet. Currently, the airport does not have any scheduled flights due to lack of enough number of air passengers 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal  

Province or District 

Sudurpaschim, Baitadi 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Patan, Baitadi 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Baitadi (Patan) Airport 

Latitude 

  29.46458 

Longitude 

80.54975 

Elevation (ft and m) 

4127 ft / 1258 m 

IATA Code 

 BIT 

ICAO Code 

VNBT 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal   

AFS: VNBTYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

N/A 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

590 m x 20m 

Runway Orientation 

03/21 

Runway Surface 

 Bituminous Paved (Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

 Asphalt Concrete 

image-20240517113957-2

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

 

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

 Handheld Metal Detector 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refueling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

N/A 

Air Traffic Control  

Yes, AFIS, VFR 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

 Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Two DHC6 Aircraft with 2100 sq.m. Asphalt Concrete Apron 

 

Navigation Aids  

Yes VHF 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes, but not properly maintained 

Windsock  

Yes                                           

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

Not Available in this Airport  

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

Nepal - 2.2.22 Minor Domestic Airport - Bajura

Airport Overview 

image-20240517114054-1

Picture: Arial view of Bajura Airport- Sudurpashchim province 

 

Bajura Airport resides at an elevation of 4,300 feet (1,311 m) above sea level. It has one runway which is 520 metres (1,706 ft) in length. National airline operators provide services from the airport to Nepalgunj and Dhangadi 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal  

Province or District 

Sudurpashchim  

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Bajura-Martadi 

DISTANCE (40 KM) 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Bajura (Kolte)  

Latitude 

29.50338 

Longitude 

81.66713 

Elevation (ft and m) 

1404 m 

IATA Code 

BJU 

ICAO Code 

VNBR 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority –Bajura-Kolti 

 

Management Contact Person 

 

Airport Chief 

Office Phone: +977-9858488215 

Email: bajura_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No  

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

520 × 20 m 

Runway Orientation 

09 / 27   

Runway Surface 

Asphalt 

Runway Condition 

Good, Blacktop and operational  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

No-Manual  

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refueling Capacity 

No  

Ground Handling Services 

Yes, however, all ground handling is done manually.  

Air Traffic Control  

Yes  

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No- only fire extinguishers are available.  

Weather Information 

 Yes, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Yes- 2 Aircrafts  

Navigation Aids  

Yes /  

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes  

Windsock  

Yes  

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

Not Available in this Airport  

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Link for ICAO and IATA Code: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_airports_in_Nepal 

 

Nepal - 2.2.23 Minor Domestic Airport - Sanphebagar

Airport Overview 

image-20240517114216-1 

Pic: Aerial view of Sanfebagar Airport 

 

Sanphebagar Airport is situated in Accham District of Sudurpashchim Province. This airport has two scheduled flights connectivity to Dhangadhi, subject to availa.  The airport resides at an elevation of 250 feet (76 m) above mean sea level. Since the renovation of the airport in 2018, the airport has one asphalt runway which is 530 metres (1,739 ft) in length. Moreover, due to the strategic location of this airport, heli operations to high altitude regions of Karnali and Sudurpaschim provinces, especially during emergencies, is most suitable.  

 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Sudurpaschim Province, Accham 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Mangalsen in 5 KM away from the airport 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Sanfebagar Airport 

Latitude 

29.23684 

Longitude 

81.21574 

Elevation (ft and m) 

597 m. / 1959 ft. 

IATA Code 

FEB 

ICAO Code 

VNSR 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Sanfebagar Airport 

AFS: VNSRYDYX 

Email: sanfebagar_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

550 m x 20 m 

Runway Orientation 

02 / 20 

Runway Surface 

Bituminous Paved (Asphalt Concrete) 

Runway Condition 

Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Handheld metal detector 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

Yes, manual 

Air Traffic Control  

Yes  

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

2400 sq. m 

Navigation Aids  

AFIS 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

Yes 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

n/a 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

n/a 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.24 Baglung Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517114527-1

Pic: Aerial view of Banglung Airport  

Baglung Airport also known as Balewa Airport, is an airport serving Narayanthan, a municipality located in the western region of Gandaki Province of Nepal. The airport was re-opened in 2018 after 26 years. since the early 2020s, there are no scheduled services to and from Baglung Airport. 

Following resumption of the services, the access road to the airport was upgraded.   

The airport has the following operation schedule: 

  1. Nov 1st to Jan 30th (Kartik 16th to Magh 15th) - 1000LT-1600LT 

  1. Feb 1st to Oct 30th (Magh 16th to Kartik 15th) - 1000LT-1700LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Gandaki Province/ Baglung 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

15 KM SE from Baglung Municipality  

Airport’s Complete Name 

Baglung Airport 

Latitude 

28.78215 

Longitude 

83.72314 

Elevation (ft and m) 

3,248 ft / 990 m 

IATA Code 

BGL 

ICAO Code 

VNBL 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, BaglungCivil Aviation Office, Baglung Airport  

Tel 977-68-413133 

AFS: VNBLYDYX 

baglung_cao@caanepal.org.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

608 x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

01/19  

 

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Good, Overlay work is planned  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

 hand Held Metal Detector 

Runway Lighting 

 NO 

Re-fuelling Capacity 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

AFIS 

 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

Tower Observation, VFR 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Two DHC6 Aircrafts 

Navigation Aids  

 HF SSB, VHF 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.25 Dhorpatan Minor Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517114632-1

Pic: Aerial view of location of runway at Dhorpatan Airport 

Dhorpatan Airport is located in Bowang, Dhorpatan Municipality of Baglung District. It is 114 kms NW of district Headquarter at Baglung. It takes 4.75 hrs via Mid hill Highway to get to the airport from HQ. It is not in operation.  Dhorpatan Hunting reserve is located in this municipality.  

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Gandaki Province/ Baglung 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

114 Kms NW from Baglung Municipality  

Airport’s Complete Name 

Dhorpatan Airport 

Latitude 

28.49220 

Longitude 

83.05125 

Elevation (ft and m) 

8950 ft (2728 m)  

IATA Code 

 

ICAO Code 

VNDR 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Dhorpatan Airport  

Tel 977  

AFS VNDRYDYX  

dhorpatan_cao@caanepal.org.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

 365 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

09/ 27 

27 -  

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Not in Operation  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Not available  

Runway Lighting 

N/A 

Refuelling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

N/A 

Air Traffic Control  

AFIS 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

N/A 

Weather Information 

VFR 

Aircraft Parking Space 

N/A 

Navigation Aids  

N/A 

Perimeter Fencing  

N/A 

Windsock  

N/A 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.26 Gorkha Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517114732-1

Pic: Aerial view of location of Gorkha Airport at Palungtar 

Gorkha Airport  also known as Palungtar Airport, is an airport serving the municipalitiesPalungtar and Gorkha of Gorkha District in the Southern region of Gandaki Province of Nepal. It is 42 kms West of district HQ at Gorkha. It can be accessed via blacktopped F35 and then earthen road of Middle hill highway. 

The Short Take-off and Landing (STOL) airport was used until 1979, but is now out of operation. Despite being out of operation, the airport served as a major landing site for helicopters distributing relief material after the Gorkha earthquake in 2015. The airport connects nearby districts like Tanahun, Lamjung, Manang and Mustang but the construction of Prithivi Highway has rendered it obsolete. 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Gandaki Province/ Gorkha 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

42 Kms West of District HQ  

Airport’s Complete Name 

Gorkha Airport 

Latitude 

28.03966 

Longitude 

84.46602 

Elevation (ft and m) 

 1460 ft/ 445 m 

IATA Code 

GKH 

ICAO Code 

 VNGK 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Gorkha Airport  

AFS VNGKYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

3501 × 151 ft (1067 × 46 m)  

Runway Orientation 

02/20 

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Not in Operation  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

None 

Runway Lighting 

None 

Refuelling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

None 

Air Traffic Control  

AFIS 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

None 

Weather Information 

VFR 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Two HDC6 types 

Navigation Aids  

N/A 

Perimeter Fencing  

N/A 

Windsock  

N/A 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.27 Manang Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517114837-1

Pic: Aerial view of Humde Airport 

Manang Airport also known as Humde Airport is an airport serving Manang valley with one runway, a town in the Manang district of Gandaki Province in Nepal. It is 7 hours walking distance from district headquarter, Chame and  an hour away 22 Km NW of District HQ at Chame. It can be accessed via Manang Sadak. It is 19th highest civilian airport in the world. It is not in operation.  

Following are the operational schedules of Monang Airport. 

  1. 16th Feb to 15th Nov- 0600LT-1215LT 

  1. 16th Nov to 15th Feb- 0630LT-1215LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Gandaki Province/ Manang 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

2.5 kilometres east of Manang town. 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Humde Airport  

Latitude 

28.64028 

Longitude 

84.08791 

Elevation (ft and m) 

11093 ft (3381 m) 

IATA Code 

NGX 

ICAO Code 

VNMA 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Humde Airport  

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

None  

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

2952 × 65 ft (900 × 20 m)  

Runway Orientation 

11/29 

 

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Not in Operation  

 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Manual Search by Nepal Police 

Runway Lighting 

NO 

Refuelling Capacity 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

  

 Visual Flight Rules (VFR) 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Not Available 

Weather Information 

AFIS, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

1750 sqm of Concrete Apron; 2 D228 Types 

Navigation Aids  

AFIS HF SSB, VHF 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

None 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.28 Pokhara Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517114935-1

Pic: Aerial view of Pokhara Airport 

Pokhara Airport is a domestic airport in Pokhara, the provincial capital of Gandaki Province. It is in the proximity of Pokhara metropolitan city. After the inauguration of Pokhara International Airport (PIA) in January 2023, all scheduled and chartered flights commence from the newly built PIA. However, a regular flights to and from Jomsom, ultra-light (sight-seeing), and helicopters continue commencing from the Pokhara domestic airport. 

image-20240517114935-2

AD Administration Hour: 

SUN-THU 10:00 -17:00 LT (SUMMER), 10:00-1600 LT (WINTER), FRI 10:00-1500 LT 

Air Traffic Service operational hours all year round are as follows: 

  1. From 16 Feb - 15 Nov 0600LT-1845LT 

  1. From 16 Nov - 15 Feb 0630LT-1800LT 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Gandaki Province/ Kaski 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

2 Km away from the main city 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Pokhara Airport 

Latitude 

28.20634 

Longitude 

83.98020 

Elevation (ft and m) 

2684/818m  

IATA Code 

PKR  

ICAO Code 

VNPK  

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Jasoda Subedi 

Chief AoD 9846031773 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal,  

Pokhara Civil Aviation Office,  

Pokhara, Kaski  

Tel- 977-061-465725, 535725  

Fax - 977-061-465725  

AFS – VNPKYDYX 

Email: pokhara_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1447 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

04 / 22 

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Good, operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

X-Ray: Hold Baggage, Hand Baggage 

Metal Detector: Walk Through, Handheld Metal Detector, CCTV Surveillance 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

JET A-1, during period of flight operation 

Ground Handling Services 

Available with local airlines operator 

Air Traffic Control  

Yes 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Yes; Category II 

Weather Information 

Yes (by DHM)/MET 

Aircraft Parking Space 

15844.14 sqm of Concrete Apron, 5 ATR42, 2 Helicopters   

Navigation Aids  

DME 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

Yes 

 

Isolated parking 65×60m Gravel, ATR 42 and ATR 72 Type 

Fuel Services Charges 

The airport takes support from Nepal Oil Corporation for the provision of Jet fuel for the aircraft. NOC maintains the reserve of 60 Kilo Litre at its office premise. Storage Capacity (KL): Physical -64, Mobile-23 Storage Type: UG Tank (16×4) Refueller Details: AR21 (12KL), AR30 (11KL 
 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

1.02 / ltr (Duty Paid) * 

Avgas 

No 

*As of 01 October 2023  *Exchange rate 1 USD: 132.86  NPR 

Additional Information: LOCAL TRAFFIC REGULATIONS  

  • BTN 0515-0915 Daily, Paragliding activities takes place at Mahendradhunga, Pokhara area. Pilots to exercise caution while flying over that area. Airspace: 6000 ft AMSL/GND 

  • BTN 0415-1115 Daily, Paragliding activities takes place at Bandipur area, near W41 route 926 NM South East of Pokhara ariport). Pilots to exercise caution while flying over that area. Airspace: 5000ft AMSL/GND 

  • BTN 0015 - 1115 Daily, Ultra Light Training Flight zone has been established at 5.6 DME from Pokhara Airport at Laurek, Kaski District within 1NM circle From the mid point of Laurek Air Strip. Ultra light Training flight shall strictly remain to the west of Harpan Khola bridge to separate from the Paragliding Flights. Pilots to exercise caution while flying over that area. Airspace: 4500 ft AMSL/ GND 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.29 Jiri Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517115141-1

Pic: Aerial view of the location of Jiri Airport at Jiri Municipality 

Jiri Airport is a small  serving the  of Jiri,  Dolakha district in the north-eastern region of Bagmati  of . It is 57 km East of district headquarter at Charikot, Dolakha. It can be accessed via blacktopped F32 and then Jiri Khadichaur local road. 

The airport served as the gateway to Mount Everest when it opened in 1979.  

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Bagmati Province / Dolakha 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

57 Km E of District HQ in Charikot, Jiri Bazaar is in close proximity and Ramechhap Airport is located in close proximity to the city on distance of 2 and a half hours and is about 30km from Ramechhap Airport to Jiri. 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Jiri Airport  

Latitude 

27.62629 

Longitude 

86.23039 

Elevation (ft and m) 

6063 ft/1848m 

IATA Code 

JIR 

ICAO Code 

VNJI 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Jiri Airport  

Tel 977  

AFS VNJIYDYX 

XX_cao@caanepal.org.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1197 × 59 ft (365 × 18 m) 

Runway Orientation 

14/32 

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Not in Operation  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

NO 

Runway Lighting 

NO 

Refuelling Capacity 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

NO 

Air Traffic Control  

Visual Flight Rules (VFR) 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

NO 

Weather Information 

AFIS 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Not available, Earthen 

Navigation Aids  

NO 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

N/A 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non-Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

Nepal - 2.2.30 Langtang Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517115341-2

Pic: Aerial view of location of Langtang Airport at Rasuwa 

Langtang Airport is an airport in Rasuwa district of Bagmati Province. at It is 30 Km NE from Dhunche with limited accessibility. It is not in Operation. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Bagmati Province / Rasuwa 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

30 Km due NE of district HQ with limited accessibility 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Langtang Airport  

Latitude 

28.20000 

Longitude 

85.58527 

Elevation (ft and m) 

11998 ft. / 3658 m 

IATA Code 

LTG 

ICAO Code 

VNLT 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Langtang Airport  

Tel 977  

AFS  

Management Contact Person 

N/A 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1378 × 100 ft (420× 30 m) 

Runway Orientation 

09 -  

27-  

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Not in Operation  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

No 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

No 

Air Traffic Control  

No 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

No 

Aircraft Parking Space 

No 

Navigation Aids  

No 

Perimeter Fencing  

No 

Windsock  

No 

 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.31 Meghauli Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517115623-1

Pic: Aerial view of Meghauli Airport 

Meghauli Airport is an airport in Meghauli, Bharatpur Metropolitan City in Chitwan district in Bagmati Province. It is one of the two airports in Chitwan, the other being Bharatpur Airport. It is 26 km South W of the district HQ at Bharatpur. It can be accessed via a blacktopped road.  

The airport was built in 1961, however, the operation stopped in 2011 and it remains not in operation. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Bagmati Province / Chitwan 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

24 KM South of district HQ at Bharatpur 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Meghauli Airport 

Latitude 

27.57682 

Longitude 

84.22802 

Elevation (ft and m) 

498 ft (152 m) 

IATA Code 

MEY 

ICAO Code 

VNMG 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Meghauli Airport  

Tel 977  

AFS: VNMGYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1067 m×46 m 

Runway Orientation 

08/26 

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Not in operation 

 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Not available 

Runway Lighting 

NO 

Refuelling Capacity 

 

Not available 

Ground Handling Services 

NO 

Air Traffic Control  

VFR 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

NO  

Weather Information 

AFIS 

Aircraft Parking Space 

3500 sqm of earthen Apron, 2 DHC6 Types 

Navigation Aids  

AFIS 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

No 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.32 Ramechhap Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517115757-1

Pic: Aerial view of Ramechhap Airport in Manthali 

Ramechhap Airport is an airport serving the municipality of Manthali, the district headquarter of Ramechhap District located in the Tamakoshi River valley in Bagmati Province. It is in proximity to the district HQ. The Airport opened in 1979 and was renovated in 2015. It is the closest Airfield to Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu. Regular commercial flights to Lukla and Phaplu Airport are operated from this airport. While the chartered helicopters to Lukla and Phaplu are operated from TIA. Airport operational hours are as follows: 

  1. 16th Feb to 15th Nov 0600LT-1215LT  

  1. 16th Nov to 15th Feb 0630LT-1215LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Bagmati Province / Ramechhap 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

In proximity of District HQ at Manthali 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Ramechhap Airport  

Latitude 

 27.2338  

Longitude 

 86.06138 

Elevation (ft and m) 

1620 ft./494 m. 

IATA Code 

RHP 

ICAO Code 

VNRC 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Ramechhap Airport  

Tel: 977 48540087 

Tower: 977 48540087 

Fax: 977 48540087 

AFS VNRCYDYX 

Email: ramechhap_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1738 × 65 ft (530 m × 20 m) 

Runway Orientation 

03-  

21-  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Metal Detector: handheld 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

Yes 

Ground Handling Services 

Yes 

Air Traffic Control  

Visual Flight Rules (VFR). HF SSB. VHF, One Man Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Yes 

Weather Information 

AFIS, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

5000 sqm Apron for 4 nos of Twinotter akin Aircrafts 

Navigation Aids  

HF SSB, VHF 

Perimeter Fencing  

N/A 

Windsock  

N/A 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

The airport takes support from Nepal Oil Corporation for the provision of Jet fuel for the aircraft. NOC maintains the reserve of 60 Kilo Litre at its office premise.  
 

 

Price per Litre USD - $ 

Jet A-1 

0.55 (Duty Paid) * 

Avgas 

No 

*As of 01 October 2023 

*Exchange rate 1 USD: 132.86 NPR 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.33 Dang Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517115957-1

Pic: Aerial view of Dang airport 

 

Dang Airport, also known as Tarigaun Airport, is in the West of Dang District in Lumbini Province. The airport is located in Tulsipur, 2 km  south of the town center, and 23 km (14 mi) NW of Ghorahi

Nepal Airlines operates weekly 3 fflights to and from Kathmandu. The airport is operational. 

 

The operation hours are as follows: 

  1.  16 Nov to 15 Feb 0630 hrs to 1230 hrs LT 

  1.   16 Feb to 15 Nov 0600 hrs to 1200 hrs LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

 Lumbini province/ Dang 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

2 kms South of  Tulsipur 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Dang Airport  

Latitude 

28.11205 

Longitude 

82.29408 

Elevation (ft and m) 

2080 ft (634 m) 

IATA Code 

DNP 

ICAO Code 

VNDG 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Dang Airport  

Tel: 977-82521269 

AFS: VNDGYDYX 

dang_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

Chet Raj Kapadi Bhatta 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

2460 × 98 ft (750 × 30 m) 

Runway Orientation 

16 / 34  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Metal Detector: Handheld 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

 Yes 

Ground Handling Services 

Manual 

Air Traffic Control  

 One Man Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Yes, Four hanhled fire extinguisher of 6 each and One 25 Kg extinguisher 

Weather Information 

Tower Observation and Met Display 

Aircraft Parking Space 

4500sqm of concrete Apron; 2 DHC6 Types 

Navigation Aids  

AFIS 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

Yes 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

 The airport takes support from Nepal Oil Corporation for the provision of Jet fuel for the aircraft. 

  

Price per Litre USD - $  

Jet A-1  

 1.02 / ltr (Duty Paid) *  

Avgas  

No  

*As of 11 Oct 2023  

*Exchange rate 1 USD: 132.90 NPR  

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

n/a 

 

Nepal - 2.2.34 Rolpa Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517120106-1

Pic: Aerial view of Rolpa Airport 

 

Rolpa Airport is situated at Bodachaur Municipality of Rolpa District, Lumbini Province . This airport is not in operation. 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Lumbini Province, Rolpa 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Bhalubang 2 hrs, 80 km south 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Rolpa Airport 

Latitude 

28.26732 

Longitude 

82.75658 

Elevation (ft and m) 

1250 m./4100 ft 

IATA Code 

RPA 

ICAO Code 

VNRP 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal  

AFS VNRPYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

N/A 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

457 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

06/24 

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Not in operation 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.35 Bhojpur Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517120302-2

Pic: Aerial view of Bhojpur Airport 

 

Bhojpur Airport is situated at Bhojpur, a town in the Bhojpur District in Koshi Province

Currently Nepal Airlines has flights back and forth from Bhojpur to Kathmandu and Biratnagar.  

 

The types of aircrafts that has been making the trip to the airport are DHC6, L410, Y12, C208. In 2019, 436 flights carried 5991 passengers and 713 kgs of cargo between destinations. 

The operation is all year but with hour schedules as of now is as follows: 

  1. 16 Feb to 15 Nov 0600 hrs – 1215 hrs LT 

  1. 16 Nov to 15 Feb 0630 hrs – 1215 hrs LT 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/ Bhojpur 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

5 Kms South of the District HQ  

Airport’s Complete Name 

Bhojpur Airport 

Latitude 

27.14821 

Longitude 

87.05189 

Elevation (ft and m) 

3962 ft (1208 m) 

IATA Code 

BHP 

ICAO Code 

VNBJ 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Bhojpur Airport  

Tel 977 -29-420118 

AFS : VNBJYDYX 

bhojpur_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1771 × 65 ft (540 × 20 m) 

Runway Orientation 

17 -  

35 -  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt concrete 

Runway Condition 

Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Handheld Metal Detector / CCTV surveillance 

Runway Lighting 

No  

Refuelling Capacity 

 

Not available 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

Communication through HF SSB, VHF 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

Yes (Tower Observation) 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Apron of 65 x 32 m (three small Aircrafts) 

Navigation Aids  

None 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.36 Phaplu Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517120414-1

Pic: Aerial view of Phaplu Airport 

 

Phaplu Airport is located in Solu Dudhkunda municipality, Solukhumbu District, Koshi Province. It is within the premise of District Headquarter Salleri. It is one of the four airports in Solukhumbu district (Tenzing-Hillary, Kangle Danda, Syangboche). The airport runway was blacktopped in 2013.  of Solu Dudhkunda municipality,  Solukhumbu District, Koshi Province. It is within the premise of District Headquarter Salleri. It is one of the four airports in Solukhumbu district (Tenzing-Hillary, Kangle Danda, Syangboche). The airport runway was blacktopped in 2013.  

 

Nepal Airlines, Tara Air and Summit Air provide services from Kathmandu all year-round on the following operation hours: 

 

  1. 16 Feb to 15 Nov 0600 hrs – 1215 hrs LT 

  1. 16 Nov to 15 Feb 0630 hrs – 1215 hrs LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/ Solukhumbu 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

3 Kms from District HQ 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Phaplu Airport  

Latitude 

27.51657 

Longitude 

86.58442 

Elevation (ft and m) 

8097 ft (2468 m) 

IATA Code 

PPL 

ICAO Code 

VNPL 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Phaplu Airport  

Tel 977 38520153 

AFS VNPLYDYX 

phaplu_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

2230 × 65 ft (680 × 20 m) 

Runway Orientation 

02 -  

20 -  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Operational 

 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Metal detector: Handheld 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

Uncontrolled 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

AFIS, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

1600 sqm of concrete apron, 3 D228 Types 

Navigation Aids  

None 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

Nepal - 2.2.37 Kangledanda Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517120521-1

Pic: Aerial view of kangle Danda Airport at Kangledanda  

Kangel danda Airport is in Dudhkaushika rural municipality in the central part of Solukhumbu district of Koshi Province. It is one of the four airports in Solukhumbu district (Tenzing-Hillary, Phaplu, Syangboche). It is 12 kms SE of district HQ at Salleri. Road access is limited to the airport and nearest point of feeder road passing by is 6 kms away. This airport is not operational. 

The terrain on which the airport is located is hilly and the flights to and from can be difficult due to high wind speeds and low visibility. When it was operational, during rainy season the airport remained closed.  

Source: Airports of Nepal: Kangel Danda 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/ Solukhumbu  

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

12 kms SE of Salleri bazaar and 6 kms of limited access from the nearest point in F052 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Kangeldanda Airport  

Latitude 

27.41096 

Longitude 

86.64686 

Elevation (ft and m) 

6880 ft (2097 m) 

IATA Code 

KGN 

ICAO Code 

VNKL 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Kangeldanda Airport  

AFS: VNKLYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1706 × 85 ft (520 × 26 m) 

Runway Orientation 

11 -  

29-  

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Not in Operation  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

 Manual search by Nepal Police 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

Uncontrolled ATC 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

AFIS, Tower observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Two L410 Types, 2100 sq.m. apron 

Navigation Aids  

None 

Perimeter Fencing  

Fenced with wire mesh 

Windsock  

yes 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

n/a 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

n/a 

 

Nepal - 2.2.38 Manamaya Rai Khanidanda Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517120628-1

Pic: Aerial view of Khani Danda Aiport at Diktel 

Khani Danda Airport also known as Manmaya Rai Airport  is located in Diktel of Rupakot Majhuwagadhi municipality, Khotang district, Koshi Province. It is 6 kms SW of District HQ which is accessed via Khani Danda Road.  

The runway was upgraded to bituminous Asphalt in 2015. The airport is not in operation. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/ Khotang 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

6 kms SW of District HQ which is accessed via Khani Danda Road 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Manamaya Rai Khanidanda Airport  

Latitude 

27.18142 

Longitude 

86.77254 

Elevation (ft and m) 

 1352 m./4435 ft. 

IATA Code 

 KDN 

ICAO Code 

VNKD 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Khani Danda Airport  

AFS VNKDYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1903 × 82 ft (580 × 25 m) 

Runway Orientation 

08 -  

26-  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Not in operation 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

 Handheld metal detector 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

 One Man Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

AFIS 

Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

2800 sqm of Concrete Apron 

Navigation Aids  

No 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

n/a 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

n/a 

 

Nepal - 2.2.39 Lamidanda National Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517120819-1

Pic: Aerial view of Lamidanda Airport 

Lamidanda Airport is located at Lamidanda, Rawabesi Rural Municipality in  Khotang District, Koshi Province, Nepal. It is 25 km north of the district headquarter Diktel. It is one of the three STOL airports in the district besides Thamkharka Airport and Man Maya (Khani Danda) Airport. The airport is currently not operational.  

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province, Khotang 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

25 kms north of Diktel  

Airport’s Complete Name 

Lamidanda Airport  

Latitude 

27.25284 

Longitude 

86.67222 

Elevation (ft and m) 

4026 ft (1227 m) 

IATA Code 

LDN 

ICAO Code 

VNLD 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Lamidanda Airport  

Tel 977 36690093  

AFS VNLDYDYX  

lamidanda_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1706 × 66 ft (520 × 20 m) 

Runway Orientation 

08-  

26 -  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Not in Operation 

 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Metal Detector: Handheld 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

No 

Air Traffic Control  

 

One Man Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

AFIS, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

1800 sqm of concrete Apron; 2 DHC6 Types 

Navigation Aids  

No 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

n/a 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

n/a 

 

Nepal - 2.2.40 Rumjatar Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517121024-1

Pic: Aerial view of Rumjatar Airport 

Rumjatar Airport is in Rumjatar, a village in the Okhaldhunga district of Koshi Province . It is 13 kms ESE of District HQ and is accessed Via Feeder Road F052 and Local Road. 

The airport came back to operation in 2019 after 3 years of inactivity. Currently, this airport does not have any scheduled flights due to lack of enough passengers. The operating hours are as follows: 

  1. Nov 1st to Jan 30th (Kartik 16th to Magh 15th) 1000LT-1600LT 

  1. Feb 1st to Oct 30th (Magh 16th to Kartik 15th) 1000LT-1700LT 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi rovince/ Okhaldhunga 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

13 kms SE of District HQ accessed Via F052 and Local Road 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Rumjatar Airport 

Latitude 

27.30344 

Longitude 

86.55026 

Elevation (ft and m) 

4498 ft (1371 m) 

IATA Code 

RUM 

ICAO Code 

VNRT 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Rumjatar Airport  

Tel 977 37540118 Tower: 977-37540149 

AFS VNRTYDYX  

rumjatar_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1906 × 66 ft (581 m × 20 m) 

Runway Orientation 

17/35  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

All weather Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Metal Detector: Handheld 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

AFIS HF SSB, VHF, VFR, One Man Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Not Available 

Weather Information 

AFIS, Tower Observation, 

Aircraft Parking Space 

2700 sqm of concrete Apron, 2 D228 Types a 

Navigation Aids  

 VHF 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

No 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.41 Syangboche Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517121143-1

Pic: Aerial view of Syangboche Airport 

Syangboche Airport is situated at Kumjung Municipality of Solukhumbu District, Koshi Province. It is the gateway to the Mount Everest and is a STOL airport. The airport lies inside the Sagarmatha National Park. Nowadays, this airport is not in operation. It is 37 kms due NNE of the District HQ in Namche Bazar with limited road access.    

It is one of the four airports (Tenzing-Hillary Airport, Kangel Danda Airport, and Phaplu Airport) in Solukhumbu district. The airport is not in operation. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/ Solukhumbu 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

In proximity of Namche Bazaar 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Syangboche Airport  

Latitude 

27.81141 

Longitude 

86.71259 

Elevation (ft and m) 

 12293 ft./3748 m. 

IATA Code 

SYH 

ICAO Code 

VNSB 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Syangboche Airport  

AFS: VNSBYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

1328 × 100 ft (405 × 30 m) 

Runway Orientation 

13/31 -  

 

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Not in Operation  

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

No 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

N/A 

Air Traffic Control  

AFIS, VFR 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

No 

Aircraft Parking Space 

No 

Navigation Aids  

No 

Perimeter Fencing  

N/A 

Windsock  

 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.42 Taplejung Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517121255-1

Pic: Aerial view of Taplejung Airport 

Taplejung Airport, also known as Suketar Airport is in Suketar, Taplejung Koshi Province. It is 4kms due east of district HQ at Taplejung and 8 Km from Phungling Bazaar. The airport serves as a gateway to Kanchanjanga Conservation Area and the famous Pathivara Temple thus is a very important destination for tourist movement. It is linked by air with Chandragadhi and Kathmandu with all weather serviceability. In 2020 it had 248  aircraft movements and 2,083 passengers and 30 kg of cargo.The runway was blacktopped in 2016.  

The operation hours are as follows: 

  1.  

  1. 16th Feb to 15th Nov - 0600LT-1215LT  

  1. 16th Nov to 15th Feb - 0630LT-1215LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province /Taplejung 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

4km  Due east of the District HQ 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Taplejung Airport  

Latitude 

 27.35103 

Longitude 

87.69505 

Elevation (ft and m) 

7936 ft (2419 m)  

IATA Code 

TPJ 

ICAO Code 

VNTJ 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Taplejung Airport  

Tel 977 24460518 

AFS VNTJYDYX 

taplejung_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

2297 × 66 ft (700 m × 20 m) 

Runway Orientation 

07/25 

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Good, operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Metal Detector: Handheld 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

NO 

Ground Handling Services 

 

Air Traffic Control  

 HF SSB, VHF, Tower Observation, VFR, One Man Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Not available 

Weather Information 

AFIS,VHF  

Aircraft Parking Space 

3600 sqm of concrete Asphalt; 3 D228 Types 

Navigation Aids  

  HF, SSB, VHF 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

 

 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.43 Thamkharka Domestic Airport

Airport Overview 

image-20240517121353-1

Pic: Aerial view of location of Thamkharka Airport 

Thamkharka Airport is situated at Badka Diyale Municipality of Khotang District, Koshi Province. The airport has air link with Kathmandu only. Including Thamkharka, Khotang District comprises of three airports. Thamkharka Airport  is an airport in Khotehang rural municipality in Khotang district of Koshi Province It is 20 Kms due South of the District HQ at Diktel. It is one of the three airports (Man Maya Airport, Lamidanda Airport) in the district. The airport is operational.  

Air Traffic Service operational hours all year-round are as follows: 

  1. 16th Feb to 15th Nov 0600LT-1215LT  

  1. 16th Nov to 15th Feb 0630LT-1215LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province  Khotang 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Khotang Bazaar is connected by Khotang bazaar -Airport RD. Three hours walking distance from Khotang Bazaar 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Thamkharka Airport 

Latitude 

27.04817 

Longitude 

86.85791 

Elevation (ft and m) 

 5252 ft/1601 m. 

IATA Code 

TMK 

ICAO Code 

VNTH 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Thamkharka Airport  

Tel 977  

AFS VNTHYDYX 

thamkharka_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

2034× 66 ft (620 × 20 m) 

Runway Orientation 

18/36  

 

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Operational/ Asphalt Concrete 

 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Metal Detector: handheld 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

Not available  

Ground Handling Services 

NO 

Air Traffic Control  

AFIS, Tower Observation 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

Not available 

Weather Information 

AFIS, VFR 

Aircraft Parking Space 

3600 sqm of concrete Apron; 2 DHC6 Types 

Navigation Aids  

 HF SSB, VHF 

Perimeter Fencing  

NO 

Windsock  

N/A 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

 N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.44 Domestic Airport – Bajhang 

Airport Overview 

image-20240517125027-1

Pic: Aerial view of Bajhang airport 

 

Bajhang Airport is situated at Rithapata Municipality of Bajhang district, Sudurpaschim Province.  

The airport is operational. Summit Air operates scheduled flights twice a week from Dhangadhi Airport to Bajhang Airport.  

 

The operation hours are as follows:  

  1. Nov 1st to Jan 30th (Kartik 16th to Magh 15th) 1000LT-1600LT  

  1. Feb 1st to Oct 30th (Magh 16th to Kartik 15th) 1000LT-1700LT 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Sudurpaschim, Bajhang District 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

2 kms South of the City Centre 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Bajhang Airport  

Latitude 

29.53956 

Longitude 

81.18398 

Elevation (ft and m) 

4015 ft (1224 m) 

IATA Code 

BJH 

ICAO Code 

VNBG 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Bajhang Airport  

Tel: 977-92421060  

AFS: VNBGYDYX 

bajhang_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

2067 × 321 ft (630 × 20 m) 

Runway Orientation 

06 / 24  

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Manual search  

Runway Lighting 

N/A 

Refuelling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

N/A 

Air Traffic Control  

Visual Flight Rule (VFR), VHF 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

AFIS, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

1800sqm of concrete Apron for Two DHC6 Types or Equivalent 

Navigation Aids  

AFIS 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

N/A 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

n/a 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

n/a 

 

Nepal - 2.2.45 Domestic Airport - Doti 

Airport Overview 

image-20240517125250-1

Pic: Aerial view of Doti Airport 

 

Doti Airport is situated at Dipayal Municipality of Doti District, Sudurpaschim Province. The runway was upgraded in 2022 to asphalt concrete. Currently, there are no scheduled flights from this airport. 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Sudurpaschim Province, Doti 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Main town of Silgadhi is 2 km southeast from the airport 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Doti Airport 

Latitude 

29.26316 

Longitude 

80.93617 

Elevation (ft and m) 

577 m / 1893 ft 

IATA Code 

SIH 

ICAO Code 

VNDT 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal  

AFS VNDTYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

490 m x 20 m 

Runway Orientation 

14/32 

Runway Surface 

Bituminous Paved (Asphalt Concrete) 

Runway Condition 

Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Metal Detector/ Manual search  

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refuelling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

Yes, Manual 

Air Traffic Control  

One man position tower console with associated equipment and accessories 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

1800 sqm of concrete Apron 

Navigation Aids  

AFIS 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

Yes 

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges  

N/A 

 

Royalties / Non-Objection Fees (NOFs)  

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.46 Domestic Airport – Falgunanda  

Airport Overview 

image-20240517125512-1

Pic: Aerial view of Falgunanda Airport in Sukilumba, Ilam District 

Falgunanda Airport , is a small airport in Sukilumb, Ilam District, Koshi Province in eastern Nepal. It is 1 km west from Golakharka Bhanjyang.  

In 2018, the first test flight landed at the airport. As of October 2022, the airport is categorized as operational however no scheduled flights have been materialized. The airport is operational and it operates weekly two  flights 

image-20240517125512-2

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province /  Solukhumbu 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

1 km west from Golakharka Bhanjyang 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Falgunanda Airport  

Latitude 

26.87760 

Longitude 

87.90508 

Elevation (ft and m) 

2800 ft (853.95 m)  

IATA Code 

 

ICAO Code 

VNFN 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal 

 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

670 m X 20 m 

Runway Orientation 

08 / 26  

Runway Surface 

 Earthen (Upgrading to Asphalt Concrete) 

Runway Condition 

Good  

Fuel Services Charges 

n/a 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

n/a 

 

Nepal - 2.2.47 Minor Domestic Airport - Resunga 

Airport Overview 

Resunga Airport is a domestic airport in Simichaur, Resunga, a town in Gulmi District, Lumbini Province, Nepal. It has a 520-metre-long Asphalt Concrete runway and a has direct airlink with Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu. This airport operates schedule flight twice a week on Wednesdays and Fridays. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Lumbini 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Tamghas, 6 Km North 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Gulmi (Resunga) Airport 

Latitude 

28.02498 

Longitude 

83.25365 

Elevation (ft and m) 

5015 ft. / 1529.267 m. 

IATA Code 

    

ICAO Code 

VNRG 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Gulmi 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

520 m X 20 m 

Runway Orientation 

15 / 33 

Runway Surface 

Asphalt Concrete 

Runway Condition 

Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Yes 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refueling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

Yes, manual 

Air Traffic Control  

Yes 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

Yes, Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Yes, 1800 sq. m 

Navigation Aids  

AFIS 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

Yes 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

Not available at this airport 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.48 Tikapur Domestic Airport 

image-20240517125955-1

Airport Overview 

Tikapur Airport is situated at Tikapur Municipality of Kailali District, Sudur-Paschim Province. The airport began operations on 11 October 1984. It served as a hub in western Nepal, as road connections were lacking until the Nepalese Civil War.  This airport is not in operation since 1997. 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Kailali District, Sudur-Paschim Province 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Tikapur/ Kailali 

Airport’s Complete Name 

TIKAPUR AIRPORT 

Latitude 

28.52277 

Longitude 

81.12194 

Elevation (ft and m) 

515 ft./157 m. 

IATA Code 

TPU 

ICAO Code 

VNTP 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, 

AFS: VNTPYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

NO 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

573 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

 05/23 

Runway Surface 

Gravel 

Runway Condition 

Not in operation 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

 No 

Runway Lighting 

 No 

Refueling Capacity 

 No 

Ground Handling Services 

 No 

Air Traffic Control  

 No 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

 No 

Weather Information 

 No 

Aircraft Parking Space 

 No 

Navigation Aids  

 No 

Perimeter Fencing  

 No 

Windsock  

 No 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 
 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.49 Darchula Domestic Airport 

image-20240517130111-1

Airport Overview 

Darchula Airport is situated at Gokuleswor Municipality of Darchula District, Sudur-Paschim Province. It has an earthen runway but is not clearly marked. This airport is not in operation. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Sudur-Paschim/Darchula 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

 Located at Gokuleswor bazaar. 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Darchula Airport 

Latitude 

29.66939 

Longitude 

80.54909 

Elevation (ft and m) 

2218 ft./676 m.  

IATA Code 

   DAP 

ICAO Code 

VNDL 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal 

AFS: VNDLYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

N/A 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

590 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

 07/25 

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Not in operation 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

 No 

Runway Lighting 

 No 

Refueling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

No 

Air Traffic Control  

No  

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

 No 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Two DHC6 Types 

Navigation Aids  

 No 

Perimeter Fencing  

 No 

Windsock  

 No 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

 

Nepal - 2.2.50 Minor Domestic Airport – Mahendranagar 

image-20240517134958-1

Airport Overview 

Mahendranagar Airport is located at Bhimdatta municipality in Kanchanpur district, Sudurpaschim province. It is close to Shukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve. This airport is currently not operational. 

 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Sudurpaschim 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Mahendranagar, 2 KM east 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Mahendranagar Airport 

Latitude 

28.96104 

Longitude 

80.14794 

Elevation (ft and m) 

709 ft. / 216 m. 

IATA Code 

XMG 

ICAO Code 

VNMN 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

AFS: VNMNYDYX 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

884 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

 17/35 

Runway Surface 

Earthen 

Runway Condition 

Not Operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

No 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refueling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

No 

Air Traffic Control  

No 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

No 

Aircraft Parking Space 

No 

Navigation Aids  

No 

Perimeter Fencing  

Yes 

Windsock  

No 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

Not available at this airport 

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.51 KHIJI CHANDESHWORI Domestic Airport 

image-20240517135112-1

Airport Overview 

Khiji Chandeshwori Airport is located in Okhaldhunga District, Koshi Province. It lies near the populated Khiji Phalante locality. The test flight was conducted on 23 December 2019. The airport has one runway and is not in operation. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/Okhaldhunga 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

24.1 km to the nearest town Okhaldhunga 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Khiji Chandreswori  

Latitude 

27.45513 

Longitude 

86.30944 

Elevation (ft and m) 

6789 ft./ 2070 m. 

IATA Code 

    

ICAO Code 

VNKC 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

580 m x 20 m 

Runway Orientation 

 15/33 

Runway Surface 

Gravel 

Runway Condition 

Gravel 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

No 

Runway Lighting 

 No 

Refueling Capacity 

 No 

Ground Handling Services 

 No 

Air Traffic Control  

 No 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

 No 

Weather Information 

 No 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Two DHC6 Types Size of Apron 1375 sq.m 

Navigation Aids  

 No 

Perimeter Fencing  

No 

Windsock  

Yes / No 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

N/A 

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

Nepal - 2.2.52 Dolpa Masinechaur National Airport 

Airport Overview 

image-20240517135304-1

Ariel view of Dolpa Masinechaur Airport 

Masinechaur Airport is situated at Pahada Rural Municipal of Dolpa District, Karnali Province. The airport is about 6 Km from the existing airport at Juphal. The popular trekking route to Jumla from this airport is nearly 4 days walking distance from the airport. This airport is getting upgraded to Asphalt Concrete. This airport is currently not in operation. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Karnali 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

6 KM 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Dolpa Masinechaur Airport 

Latitude 

29.05918 

Longitude 

82.74408 

Elevation (ft and m) 

9200 ft./ 2804 m. 

IATA Code 

 

ICAO Code 

VNMC 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN) 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

600 m x 30 m 

Runway Orientation 

 14 / 32 

Runway Surface 

Gravel 

Runway Condition 

Not operational 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

N/A 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refueling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

N/A 

Air Traffic Control  

N/A 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

N/A 

Aircraft Parking Space 

Two DHC6 types 

Navigation Aids  

N/A 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

N/A 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

Refueling is not available at this airport 
 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

Nepal - 2.2.53 Rukum Chaujahari Minor Domestic Airport 

Airport Overview 

image-20240517135436-1

Ariel view of Rukum Chaurjhari Airport 

Chaurjahari Airport is situated at Bijeshwori Municipality of West Rukum District, Karnali Province. This airport is currently not operational. 

Airport Location and Contact 

Country 

Nepal 

Province or District 

Karnali 

Nearest Town or City  
with Distance from Airport 

Chaurjahari, 1.5 KM South 

Airport’s Complete Name 

Rukum Chaurjahari Airport 

Latitude 

28.62694 

Longitude 

82.19359 

Elevation (ft and m) 

2431 ft. / 741 m. 

IATA Code 

HRJ 

ICAO Code 

VNCJ 

Managing Company or Airport Authority 

Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, Chaurjahari, West Rukum 

Off: 977-89680156 

Tower: 977-89680156 

Fax: 977-89680156 

AFS: VNCJYDYX 

Email: chaurjahari_cao@caanepal.gov.np 

Management Contact Person 

 

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport? 

No 

Runway(s) 

Runway #1 

Runway Dimensions 

600 m x 20 m 

Runway Orientation 

 03/21 

Runway Surface 

Bituminous Paved (Asphalt Concrete) Surface 

Runway Condition 

Not in operation 

Airport Infrastructure Details 

Infrastructure  

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening  

Yes, handheld metal detector 

Runway Lighting 

No 

Refueling Capacity 

No 

Ground Handling Services 

N/A 

Air Traffic Control  

One Man Position Tower Console with Associated Equipment and Accessories 

Fire Fighting Equipment  

No 

Weather Information 

Tower Observation 

Aircraft Parking Space 

2800 sq.m. 

Navigation Aids  

HF SSB, VHF 

Perimeter Fencing  

 

Windsock  

 

 

 

Fuel Services Charges 

Fuel service is not avialable 
 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs) 

N/A 

 

 

Nepal - 2.3 Road Network

 

Roads are the predominant mode of transport in Nepal. The road network of Nepal is categorized into the strategic road network (SRN), which comprises highways and feeder roads, and the local road network (LRN), comprising district roads and Urban roads. Nepal’s road network consists of about 64,500 km of roads. Of these, about 14,913 km belong to the SRN, the core network of national highways and feeder roads connecting district headquarters.  

 

The network density is low, at 14 km per 100 km2 and 0.9 km per 1,000 people. 60% of the road network is concentrated in the lowland (Terai) areas. A Department of Roads (DoR) survey shows that 50% of the population of the hill areas still must walk two hours to reach an SRN road.  

(Source: Sector Assessment (Summary): Road Transport

 

image-20240516161144-1

 (Picture: Statistics of National Highway

 

National Highways in Nepal 

S.No 

National 
Highway No. 

Name of National Highway 

Listed Length 
(Km)  

Provinces 

Koshi 

Madhes 

Bagmati 

Gandaki 

Lumbini 

Karnali 

Sudurpashchim 

NH01 

Existing East-West Highway 

1,028 

135 

245 

92 

23 

403 

  

130 

NH02 

Kechana-Chandragadhi-Charali-llam-Phidim, Ganeshchok-Taplejung-Olanchungola (Mechi Ragman,) 

352 

352 

  

  

  

  

  

  

NH03 

Pushpalal Mid Hill Highway 

1,787 

525 

  

270 

360 

65 

305 

262 

NH04 

Birtamod-Chandragadi-Bhadrapur-Mechi Pul 

15 

15 

  

  

  

  

  

  

NH05 

Postal Highway 

1,016 

124 

310 

55 

12 

360 

  

155 

NH06 

Chatara-Mulghat-Majhita,Arnarapurdancla-Ganeshchok (Tamor Corridor) 

135 

135 

  

  

  

  

  

  

NH07 

Pakall-Nays Koshipul-Rupnagar, Pakall-Nadaha Koshipul Chatara 

66 

48 

18 

  

  

  

  

  

NH08 

Rani-Biratnagar-Itahari-Dharan-Dhankuta-Hite, Leguwaghat-Tumlingtar-Kha ndbari-NumKimathanka (Koshi Rajmarg) 

320 

320 

  

  

  

  

  

  

 9 

NH09 

Bahundangi-Shantinagar-Dharan-Chatara-Ghaighat-Katah Sindhulimach-Hetauda-Gaidakot- Rarnpur-RamdkRidi-Balkot-Sandhikharka-Bijuwar-Sitalpati-Surkhet-Baddichaur-Sahajpur-BudarJoglaudha-Rupal (Madan Bhandari Rajmarg) 

1200 

250 

  

190 

50 

376 

210 

124 

 10 

NH10 

Deurall-Mudhe-Chainpur-Bohoratar 

92 

92 

  

  

  

  

  

  

 11 

NH11 

Phikkal-Shreeantu-Chabloise, Ilarn 

19 

19 

  

  

  

  

  

  

12 

NH12 

Ghurrni-Chatara Udayapur 

163 

163 

  

  

  

  

  

  

13 

NH13 

Bardibas-Sindhuli-Khurkot-Dhulikhel (B. P. Rajmarg) 

160 

  

12 

148 

  

  

  

  

14 

NH14 

Gaighat-Mahuli Khola-Ftupani-Rajbiraj-Chhinnarnasta Niur, Kunauli-Rajloiraj-Kanchanpur Barrie, Phattepur-Basaha Udayapur 

100 

40 

60 

  

  

  

  

  

15 

NH15 

Gwarko-Lubhu-Lakurihhanjyang-Kushadevi-Panauti-Dahaltar 

128 

  

  

128 

  

  

  

  

16 

NH16 

Thadi-Bhagawanpur-Lahan, Kadmahachok-Gaighat-Mohure-Kharpa-Solu 

144 

111 

33 

  

  

  

  

  

17 

NH17 

Naubise-Mugling-Pokhara (Prithvi Rajmarg) 

173 

  

  

83 

90 

  

  

  

18 

NH18 

Balaju-Trishuli-Dhunche-Syaphrobesi 

65 

  

  

65 

  

  

  

  

19 

NH19 

Ridi-Balkot-Hanshpur-Pyuthan, Pyothan-Surkhet Road 

220 

  

  

  

  

220 

  

  

20 

NH20 

Madar-Chauharwa, Mirchaiya-Katan-Ghurmi, Hilepani-Okhaldhunga-Salleri 

193 

161 

32 

  

  

  

  

  

21 

NH21 

Sitapaila-Dharke 

24 

  

  

24 

  

  

  

  

22 

NH22 

Dhalkebar-Janakpur-Jatahi, Ghorghans-Nirrichaur-Thalahighat-Akraharghat 

48 

  

48 

  

  

  

  

  

23 

NH23 

Diktel-Solu-Junbesi-Khahare-Jiribazar-Tamakoshi -Charikot-Khadichaur 

291 

108 

  

183 

  

  

  

  

24 

NH24 

Lalgadh-Ranibas (R T.O. Road)-Bishmat-Bahunmara-B.P. Rajmarg 

29 

  

29 

  

  

  

  

  

25 

NH25 

Durnre-Beshisahar-Chame 

108 

  

  

  

108 

  

  

  

26 

NH26 

Jamunibas-Bateshwar-Shantipur-Kurtha-Janakpur 

19 

  

19 

  

  

  

  

  

27 

NH27 

Shitalpati Salyan Kubhinde Ealuuwa Sangra hi 

40 

  

  

  

  

  

40 

  

28 

NH28 

Bhittamod-Jaleswor-Bardibas, Khurkot-Manthali-Tamakoshi-Singati-Lamagagar-Lapchegau 

281 

  

42 

239 

  

  

  

  

29 

NH29 

Kanchanban-Janaki- Medical College-Mthileshwar Sabaila-Siraha-Naktajijh-Ramlaxrnan Chowk- Healthpost Maherdra Rajmarg 

30 

  

30 

  

  

  

  

  

30 

NH30 

Janakpur (Mujeliya) Dhanushadham-Dharapani Ramayan Circuit, Tarapatti-Pathos-Ma Ratida - Pushpalpur 

36 

  

36 

  

  

  

  

  

31 

NH31 

Dolalghat-Chautara 

25 

  

  

25 

  

  

  

  

32 

NH32 

Nawalpur-Malangawa-Sonbarsha 

30 

  

30 

  

  

  

  

  

33 

NH33 

Nijgadh-Kathmandu 

76 

  

10 

66 

  

  

  

  

34 

NH34 

Kathmandu-Dhulikhel-Dolalghat-Khadichaur-Kodari (Arniko Rajmarg) 

112 

  

  

112 

  

  

  

  

35 

NH35 

Piluhawa Faanmat-Kalaiya - Methawa 

25 

  

25 

  

  

  

  

  

36 

NH36 

Chandranigahpur-Gaur 

45 

  

45 

  

  

  

  

  

37 

NH37 

Hetauda-Bagmati-Tikabhairav-Bhaisepati-Ekantakuna (Kanti Rajpath) 

86 

  

  

86 

  

  

  

  

38 

NH38 

Kathmandu Outer Ringroad 

68 

  

  

68 

  

  

  

  

39 

NH39 

Kathmandu Ringroad 

27 

  

  

27 

  

  

  

  

40 

NH40 

Samakhushi-Tokha-Gurje-Bidur 

26 

  

  

26 

  

  

  

  

41 

NH41 

Sirsiya-Pathlaiya, Hetauda-Bhaise-Palung-Naubise-Kathmandu (Tribhuvan Rajpath) 

155 

  

28 

127 

  

  

  

  

42 

NH42 

Thodi-Bhandara-Malekhu, Galchi-Trishuli-Betrawati-Mailung-Syaphrubesi-Rasuwagadhi 

197 

  

  

197 

  

  

  

  

43 

NH43 

Malekhu-Dhading-Salyantar 

57 

  

  

57 

  

  

  

  

44 

NH44 

Thori-Bharatpur-Mugling, Aanbukharieni-Gorkha-Ghyampesal, Aarughat-Sirdibas-Roila 

300 

  

  

105 

195 

  

  

  

45 

NH45 

Khairenitar Eihimad Kairtrasoti 

106 

  

  

  

106 

  

  

  

46 

NH46 

Bhurnahi-Parasi 

  

  

  

  

  

  

47 

NH47 

Belahiya-Bhairahawa-Butwal-Hadung-Ramdi-Syangja-Pokhara (Siddharth Rajmarg) 

184 

  

  

  

99 

85 

  

  

48 

NH48 

Tansen-Ridi-Karla 

254 

  

  

  

254 

  

  

  

49 

NH49 

Bartung- Tansen Ridi Wamitaksar Kharwang 

98 

  

  

  

18 

80 

  

  

50 

NH50 

Jitpur-Taulihawa-Khunuwa 

30 

  

  

  

  

30 

  

  

51 

NH51 

Taulihawa-Gorusinge-Sandhikharka 

83 

  

  

  

  

83 

  

  

52 

NH52 

Kakarhawa(IB)-Rudrapur, Sajlhandi-Sandhikhark-Devisthan, Burtibang-Dhorpatan 

222 

  

  

  

22 

200 

  

  

53 

NH53 

Bhalubang Liwang Rolpa Madichaur Darbot 

130 

  

  

  

  

130 

  

  

54 

NH54 

Kailabas-Lamahi, Arjunkholagau-Chorahi-Holeri-Charligaun-Thawang-Lukum (Sahid Marg) 

211 

  

  

  

  

211 

  

  

56 

NH55 

Arneliya-Tulsipur-Shitalpti-Tharmare-Musikot 

169 

  

  

  

  

40 

129 

  

56 

NH56 

Tharmare-Chaurjahari-Jajarkot Khalanga-Jumla Kudari-Mugu Rara (Rara Rajmarg) 

263 

  

  

  

  

  

263 

  

57 

NH57 

Chinchu-Kudu-Jajarkot -Dunai-Dho-Tinje-Marim (Bhedi Corridor) 

317 

  

  

  

  

  

317 

  

58 

NH58 

Jamunaha-Nepalgunj-Kohalpur-Surkhet-Khulalu-Hilsa (Karnali Rajmarg) 

538 

  

  

  

  

69 

469 

  

59 

NH59 

Murfiya (IB)-Gulariya-Bhurigaun-Telpani-Surkhet-Mathillo Dungeshwor-Bank-Bayuli Nagma 

154 

  

  

  

  

50 

104 

  

60 

NH60 

Surkhet-Dailekh-Mahabulekh-Galje, Nagma-Gamgadhi-Nakchelagna 

302 

  

  

  

  

  

302 

  

61 

NH61 

Surkhet Tallo Dundeshwor-Saatkhamba-Dullu-Pipalkot-Khulalu-Manma-Jumla Sadak 

168 

  

  

  

  

  

168 

  

62 

NH62 

Khakraula-Tikapur-Lamki-Lodeghat-Bayalpata, Saphebagar-Chainpur 

228 

  

  

  

  

  

  

228 

63 

NH63 

Sap hebagar-Martadi-Kotti 

111 

  

  

  

  

  

  

111 

64 

NH64 

Khodpe-Chainpur (Bajhang) 

108 

  

  

  

  

  

  

108 

65 

NH65 

Khuttiya-Dipayal-Chainpur-Uraibhanjyang 

296 

  

  

  

  

  

  

296 

66 

NH66 

Dhangadhi-Sahajpur-Budar-Syaule, Satbajh-Thaktoli-Darchula-Tinkar 

350 

  

  

  

  

  

  

350 

67 

NH67 

Chandani-Bhimdatta-Brarnhadev-Pan cheshwar-Jhulaghat 

201 

  

  

  

  

  

  

201 

68 

NH68 

Bhimad-Rampur-Mityal-Arung Khola 

80 

  

  

  

40 

40 

  

  

69 

NH69 

Jagat Bhanjyang-Mandalithan-Keware Bhanjyang-Barikuna-Kishan-Chapakot-Gajarkot Sadak. Syanhja 

42 

  

  

  

  

42 

  

  

70 

NH70 

Seti Dovan-Wejang-Panchmul-Aaruchaur Ghante Deurali, Syangja 

46 

  

  

  

  

46 

  

  

71 

NH71 

Bhaluwang-Nuwakot-Khandaha-Kharwang 

170 

  

  

  

  

170 

  

  

72 

NH72 

Dumkibas-Baguhan Trivoni 

23 

  

  

  

23 

  

  

  

73 

NH73 

Surunga-Sharnamati-Tangandubba-Lasunganj, Jhapa 

25 

25 

  

  

  

  

  

  

74 

NH74 

Ilam (Biplate)-Maipokhari-Sandakpur, Ilarn 

50 

50 

  

  

  

  

  

  

75 

NH75 

Swoma Sagarmalha Ring road (Okhaldhunga-Solu-Salleri-Khotang-Diktel-Okhaldhungay 

135 

135 

  

  

  

  

  

  

76 

NH76 

Damak-Chisapan-Rabi 

44 

44 

  

  

  

  

  

  

77 

NH77 

Bharatpur Mahanagariya Brihat Ghakrapalh 

105 

  

  

105 

  

  

  

  

78 

NH78 

Damak Na.Pa. Chak.path 

100 

100 

  

  

  

  

  

  

79 

NH79 

Dadar (Dhanusha) Chisapani-Mainawati-Kalapani-Dudhauli, Sindhuli 

20 

  

20 

  

  

  

  

  

80 

NH80 

Mahendra Rajmarg Bastipurchowk (Siraha)-B.P. Cancer Hospital-Belsot-Katari, Udayapur 

30 

  

  

30 

  

  

  

  

Total 

14,913 

2,952 

1,072 

2,508 

1,400 

2,709 

2,307 

1,965 

Note: The Listed length is based on the length provided in the Cabinet Decision approved on 2076/02/06 BS (2019/09/19 AD) 

(Source: Statistics of National Highway [SNH 2020-21] || Department Of Roads (dor.gov.np))  

Major Road Construction Projects  

  1. Kathmandu Terai/Madhesh Expressway 

The Expressway known as Fast Track road connecting Kathmandu and Nijgadh in the southern Terai region of Nepal is being constructed under the responsibility of the Nepali Army (NA). The Expressway consists of a dual carriageway with a double-lane high-design speed highway. The overall 72.5 km length stretches from Khokana (Lalitpur) to Nijgadh (Bara) interconnecting Kathmandu and Makwanpur district in between. The project has started and completed 30.96% of its physical progress as of 15 February 2024 and will be completed in 2027. Currently, construction of three tunnels is underway which stretch a combined total of 6.415km. So far, 4.352 km or 67.43% of work has been completed. It’s being built as per the Primary Class (Asian Highway Design Standard 1993. (Source: Fast Track Road Project

  1. Construction of Major Highways Connecting East to West of Country 

  • Pushpa Lal (Mid Hill) Highway Project: Pushpalal Highway’s (H18) proposed length 1776 km would be the longest highway of Nepal once completed. 850 km of the 1776 km has been blacktopped. The government had aimed to accomplish the Mid-Hill Highway by the fiscal year 2022/2023. But due to the delay by the contractor company, the compensation dispute, and the inability to manage the contract for the remaining sections, the construction of the project has been delayed beyond the stipulated time. So far, 93 bridges, out of 137, have been completed. The overall physical progress of the Mid-Hill Highway was 64.16 percent by the end of June of the financial year 2021/22. Out of 1879 km, 797 km has been paved and 462 km by other bodies. So far, 1259 kilometers have been tarred. Currently, 415 kilometers of road and 25 bridges are under construction. (Source: (Mid Hill) Highway Project)   

  • Madan Bhandari Inner Terai Highway: Inner Terai highway, an ongoing project once completed would extend 1390 km from east to west. The highway would run parallel to Mid Hill highway to the North and Mahendra Highway to the south.  1390 km out of which about 740 Km of road sections are being implemented by Madan Bhandari Highway Project Directorate while remaining are being implemented by other Projects and Road Divisions under Department of Roads as well as some sections by offices under Province. Among 740 km road 240 km road has been Blacktopped and 77 number of bridges has been completed till 2022, 63km of road upgrading and 31 nos. of bridges in Dharan-Jhapa Road Section have been contracted till fiscal year 2022. 

  • East-West Postal Highway: The East-West Postal Highway, popularly known as Hulaki Marga, connects 20 districts in the southern Terai belt (from Bhadrapur, Jhapa in the east to Dodhara, Kanchanpur in the west). The highway extends 975 km from east to west. The project also includes another 817 km of roads that will connect all Terai districts. Construction work has started on the road sections in Madhesh Province. The progress of road construction was slow due to the covid-19 pandemic. Meanwhile, construction of 910 km road and 115 bridges has been completed. Moreover, Construction of 250 km road in between Dang, Bardiya and Nepalgunj is in tender process and about 500 km of road is under construction. Traffic is regular in completed road. There is dispute in some construction sites of road sections and however solution on disputed sites is going on in coordination with relevant stakeholders as well. (Source: Postal Highway project latest update/East-West Highway/Postal Highway (Hulaki Raajmarga) new update – YouTube) 

These projects once completed would relieve pressure on Mahendra Highway by being alternative routes to traverse east to west of the country. 

Ministry in Charge 

Contact Names, Address & Email 

Telephone & Fax 

Ministry of Physical  

Infrastructure & 

Transport 

Name:   Sushil Babu Dhakal 

Title: Director General /Speaker  

Address: Department of Roads 

Chakupat, Patan 
Email: dgdor@dor.gov.np  

Web: https://www.dor.gov.np/home 

T: +977-1-5429075  

F: +977-1-5529106 

Summary of Role and Services  

DOR is responsible for management of motorized surface transport infrastructure i.e. road transport regarding planning, designing, construction and maintenance activities of Strategic Road Network (SRN). Thus, maintenance of roads is one of the major tasks of Department of Roads. Also, it continuously develops and expands existing SRN to improve existing access to District Headquarters.  

 

Contact Names, Address & Email 

Telephone & Fax 

Ministry of Physical  

Infrastructure & 

Transport 

Name:  Ramhari Pokharel  

Title: I Deputy Director General/ Spokesperson 

Address: Roads Board Nepal 

N.K. Singh Marga, Minbhawan, Kathmandu Nepal 

Email: info@rbn.org.np 

Web: rbn.org.np 

T: +977-1-5529098 

F: +-977-1-4493542 

Summary of Role and Services  

RBN is a self-governing, self-sustaining and organized entity based on Public-Private Partnership [PPP] model. The major function of RBN is to collect, manage and allocate fund for road maintenance to the Road Agencies. Board Requests Annual Road maintenance plan (ARMP) from Road Agencies to consolidate the report into one Integrated Annual Road maintenance plan (IARMP) to better allocate the fund. 

 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

Distance Matrix 

Distances from Capital City to Province Capitals (km) 

 

Kathmandu 

Hetauda 

Janakpur 

Biratnagar 

Bhairahawa 

Pokhara 

Birendranagar 

Dhangadhi 

Kathmandu 

 

85 

 222 

 374 

 264 

202 

 594 

 670 

Hetauda 

85 

 

165 

317 

194 

 199 

516 

588 

Janakpur 

222 

165 

 

201 

 357 

367 

678 

 687 

BIratnagar 

374 

317 

201 

 

508 

519 

803 

903 

 

Bhairahawa 

264 

194 

357 

508 

 

179 

333 

406 

Pokhara 

202 

199 

367 

519 

179 

 

 426 

551 

BIrendranagar 

594 

516 

678 

803 

333 

426 

 

243 

Dhangadhi 

670 

588 

687 

903 

406 

551 

243 

 

 

Travel Time from Capital City to Province Capitals (hours) 

 

Kathmandu 

Hetauda 

Janakpur 

Biratnagar 

Bhairahawa 

Pokhara 

Birendranagar 

Dhangadhi 

Kathmandu 

 

 3:40  

 6:20 

 9:41  

 8:26 

 7:13 

 15:28 

 16:50 

Hetauda 

3:40 

 

3:45  

6:50 

5:47  

 6:22 

 

12:52  

  14:15 

Janakpur 

6:20 

3:45 

 

 4:51  

 9:23 

 

9:45 

14:47 

16 

BIratnagar 

9:41 

6:50 

4:51 

 

11 

11:50 

17:50 

18:40 

Bhairahawa 

8.26 

5:47 

9:23 

11 

 

5.35 

7.25 

8:50 

Pokhara 

7:13 

6:22 

9:45 

11:50 

5:35 

 

 13.06  

13.09  

BIrendranagar 

15:28 

12:52 

14:47 

17:50 

7:25 

13:06 

 

5:41  

Dhangadhi 

16.50 

14:15 

16 

18:40 

8:50 

13:09 

5:41 

 

 

Road Security 

The risk posed by the treacherous slope of mountains, the narrow width of the lanes, sharp corners and negligence and inexperience of drivers lead to traffic fatalities. On average, 14 deaths occur die to road traffic injuries per 100K people in Nepal. The most common type of road traffic accidents or crashes in Nepal involve motorcycles. A total of 2,320 people lost their lives in road traffic accidents between April 2022 and April 2023, while 28,526 people were injured, many of them impaired for life (Source: Nepal Times).  

General strikes, or Bandhs, can involve blockage and shutdown of major roads. It is advisable to avoid travel during these strikes. 

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits 

Department of Transport Management (DoTM) is mandated to control vehicle overloading in Nepal. A basic policy of vehicle overloading control has been included in National Transport Policy (2002) by the Government of Nepal, Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport. The government has established and operated weigh bridges at Ampatari of Chitwan district and Bardibas of Mahottari district. Provisions have been made to establish and operate weigh bridges even from the private sector by amending the load-bearing guidelines. One private formal permit has been obtained in Mahottari and three in Kavre. (Source: Bulletion of DoTM) The Federation of Truck Transport Entrepreneurs Nepal (FTTEN) is operating fifteen (15) weighbridges in major freight routes.  

Medium-sized trucks (seven to ten-ton payload) operate over two-lane asphalt roads at relatively low average speeds, in the range of 200 to 400 km per day. The movement of containers on the Nepal roadways is limited due to the terrain and condition of the roads. Most of the trucks used in cross-border movements are 2-3 axle (six or ten wheel) trucks carrying payloads up to 18 mt. Trucks carrying bulk cargo are generally overloaded, causing additional damage to roads.  

(Source: Road Transport Safety and Axle Load Control Study in Nepal

 

Axle Load Limits (MT) 

LCA Country (Nepal) 

Transit Country #1 (India) 

Truck with 2 Axles (4 wheeled) 

12 

 

Truck with 2 Axles (6 wheeled) 

16.2 

19 

Truck with 3 Axles (6 -10 Wheeled) 

25 

28.5 

Truck with 4 Axles (8- 12-Wheeled) 

31 

36 

Tridem with 3 Axle (12 wheeled) 

24 

 

Semi-trailer with 4 Axles 

30 

40 

Semi-trailer with 5 Axles 

40.2 

46 

Semi-trailer with 6 Axles 

 

55 

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 4 Axles 

 

42 

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 5 Axles 

 

51.5 

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 6 Axles 

 

55 

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 7 Axles 

 

 

(Source: https://www.dotm.gov.np/MainData/ProcedureCodeofConduct

 

Road Class and Surface Conditions 

Roads in Nepal are classified as follows: 

Administrative Classification: Administrative classification of roads is intended for assigning national importance and level of government responsible for overall management and methods of financing. According to this classification roads are classified into: 

  1. National Highways 

  1. Feeder Roads 

  1. District Roads and 

  1. Urban Roads 

 

National Highways: National Highways are main roads connecting East to West and North to South of the Nation. These serve directly the greater portion of the longer distance travel, provide consistently higher level of service in terms of travel speeds, and bear the inter-community mobility. These roads shall be the main arterial routes passing through the length and breadth of the country as a whole. They are designated by the letter “H‟ followed by a two-digit number. 

Feeder Roads: Feeder roads are important roads of localized nature. These serve the community’s wide interest and connect District Headquarters, Major economic centres, Tourism centres to National Highways or other feeder roads. They are designated by letter „F‟ followed by 3-digit number. 

District Roads: District Roads are important roads within a district serving areas of production and markets and connecting with each other or with the main highways. 

Urban Roads: Urban Roads are the roads serving within the urban municipalities. 
In Nepal the overall management of National Highways and Feeder Roads comes within the responsibility of the Department of Roads (DOR). These roads are collectively called Strategic Roads Network (SRN) roads. District Roads and Urban Roads are managed by Department of Local Infrastructure Development and Agricultural Roads (DOLIDAR). These roads are collectively called Local Roads Network (LRN) roads.  

Functional Classification 

For assigning various geometric and technical parameters for design, roads are categorized into classes as follows: 

Road Functional Class 

  • Class-I roads: Have a divided carriageway and access control (Expressways) with Average Daily Traffic (ADT) of 20,000 Passenger Car Unit (PCU) or more in 20 yrs. perspective period. Design speed in plain terrain is 120 km/h.  

  • Class-II (arterial roads): Have ADT of 5,000-20,000 PCU in 20 yrs. perspective period. Design speed of this class of roads in plain terrain is 100 km/h.  

  • Class-III (collector roads): Have ADT of 2,000-5,000 PCU in 20 yrs. perspective period. Design speed of this class of roads in plain terrain is 80 km/h.  

  • Class-IV (local roads): Have ADT of less than 2,000 PCU in 20 yrs. perspective period. Design speed of this class of roads in plain terrain is 60 km/h. 

Approximate correlation can be established between the administrative and functional classifications of the roads as follows.  

 

Plain and Rolling Terrain 

Mountainous and steep terrain 

National Highway 

I, II 

II, III 

Feeder Roads 

II, III 

III, IV 

(Source: Nepal Road Standard 2070

  • Surface / Road conditions 

Factors influencing road driving conditions in Nepal are: 

  1. Construction quality: Many roads constructed have design flaws (narrow width lane, lack of safety barriers, lane markings or drainage systems, thin or low-quality surfacing). Increased vehicles traffic, heavy trucks and monsoon rains lead to quick deterioration and surface cracks and pot-holes.  

  1. Maintenance: The Road Board Nepal oversees the maintenance of roads by respective Road Agencies. However, for many roads maintenance and repair is not carried out regularly.  

  1. Weather: During rainy season the risk of landslides or floods that may block roads, is significantly increased. This affects immediate transportation and wreaks havoc on the longevity of the infrastructure.  

  1. Ratna Highway is two-lane, black-topped highway in good condition.    Ratna Highway (Nepali) also referred to as H12) is a highway in western Nepal that crosses the districts of Banke and Surkhet in a south to north direction. The 113.08 km highway starts at Nepalgunj

  1. Karnali Highway is a vital transport link between two provinces in Nepal. This highway links the towns of Jumla, the Karnali capital, and Surkhet. Karnali Province is the largest, remotest and the least developed Province in Nepal. In general, the highway has two-lanes; the highway is both black-topped and earthen, and construction is still under progress.   

  1. Feeder Roads (Nagma to Gamgadhi): Earthen, Work in Progress, Rocky Terrain  

  1. Bhimdutta Highway (Dhangadi – Dadeldhura): Blacktopped, Good condition.  

  1. Mechi Highway (H06) is two-lane highway with the length of 268 km. It is blacktopped and is in good condition. On its hilly section, the problem of landslides especially during rainy season should be considered.  

  1. Koshi Highway (H08) is 390 km road envisioned as shortest north south corridor to connect China and India via Nepal. The road section from Biratnagar (India-Nepal Border) to Khandbari is blacktopped but beyond Khandbari to Kimanthanka (China-Nepal Border) the construction is ongoing. Hilly section of the highway faces the issue of landslides during rainy season.  

  1. Araniko Highway (H03) is 115 km blacktopped highway connecting Kathmandu with Kodari (China-Nepal border). This highway is among the difficult highways of Nepal to navigate during rainy season.  

  1. Siddhartha Highway (H10) is 181 km long blacktopped highway connecting Nepal India border at Siddharthanagar to Pokhara, a major city in Gandaki Province. Butwal-Palpa section at the hilly region of the highway consists of rocky terrain. Rockfalls and debris deposition are common. Landslides is frequent during rainy season. 

  1. Mahendra Highway which traverses east to west of country, Prithivi Highway which connects Kathmandu with Pokhara, major tourist destination, Araniko highway which connects Kathmandu with Kodari, a town bordering China, Tribhuvan Highway which connects Kathmandu with Birgunj, a major business hub bordering India and Siddhartha Highway which connects Siddharthanagar, a town bordering India with Pokhara are the five busiest highways of Nepal. 

  1. Nepal Access Constraints Maps : The National Logistics Cluster updates Road Access constraints maps periodically in the monsoon season, during flood/landslide emergencies.  

Traffic capacity (Heavy, Heavy with trailer, Light vehicle, Motorbike) and any seasonal variations 

The maximum dimensions of vehicles considered for design of roads in Nepal are as follows:  

  • Maximum Width, m 2.50  

  • Maximum Height, m 4.75  

  • Maximum Length, m 18.00  

  • Maximum single axle load, kilo Newton (kN) 100  

 

Koshi Province  

All the districts of Koshi Province are connected by road, although some roads in high altitudes are not blacktopped and conditions of those roads worsen during the rainy season. Major highways of the province which connects plain land of Terai to high altitude regions are as follows: 

  1. Mechi Highway: 268 km long two lanes freeway which connects Jhapa to Taplejung. The main destinations along the highway include Prithivinagar, Bhadrapur, Duhagadhi, Budhabare, Kanyam, and Phikkal

  1. Koshi Highway: Two lanes of road and 159 km long, starts from Biratnagar and connects Myanglung with it. Itahari, Dharan, Dhankuta, Bhedetar, Hile etc. are the destinations along with highway. 

  1. Sagarmatha Highway: Two lanes, 265 km long highway starts from Kadmaha of  Madhesh Pradesh and connects Solukhumbu with it. Gaighat, Saune etc. are the destinations along with highway. 

  1. Mahendra Highway The major East-West Highway of Nepal starts from Kakarbhitta of Koshi Province  

image-20240516161144-2Road network in Koshi Province: Statistics of National Highway  

Distances from Koshi Province Capital to Major Towns (km) 

 

Biratnagar 

Itahari 

Dharan 

Mechinagar 

Gaighat Via Beltar 

Birtamod via Mahendra HY 

Damak 

Suryodaya via Rangeli 

BIratnagar 

 

24.7 

42 

108 

108 

91.3 

58.9 

202 

Itahari 

24.7 

 

16.8 

91.7 

92 

75.1 

42.1 

119 

Dharan 

42 

16.8 

 

108 

72.5 

91.5 

57.8 

140 

Mechinagar 

108 

91.7 

108 

 

174 

18.8 

52.1 

23.4 

Gaighat 

108 

92 

72.5 

174 

 

160 

124 

211 

Birtamod 

93.4 

77.3 

91.5 

18.8 

160 

 

37.8 

48 

Damak 

58.9 

42.1 

57.8 

52.1 

124 

37.8 

 

79.8 

Suryodaya 

202 

119 

136 

23.4 

211 

48 

79.8 

 

 

Travel Time from Koshi Province Capital City to Major Towns (hours) 

 

Biratnagar 

Itahari 

Dharan 

Mechinagar 

Gaighat 

Birtamod 

Damak 

Suryodaya 

BIratnagar 

 

00:38 

00:57 

2:43 

2:26 

2:20 

1:11 

4:53 

Itahari 

00:38 

 

00:24 

2:27 

2:04 

2:05 

1.00 

3.13 

Dharan 

00:57 

00:24 

 

2:40 

1:29 

2:19 

1:16 

3.38 

Mechinagar 

2:43 

2:27 

2:40 

 

3:39 

00:31 

1:14 

00:45 

Gaighat 

2:26 

2:04 

1:29 

3:39 

 

3:58 

2:49 

5:16 

Birtamod 

2:20 

2:05 

2:19 

00:31 

3:58 

 

00:54 

1:18 

Damak 

1:11 

1:00 

1:16 

1:14 

2:49 

00:54 

 

2:16 

Suryodaya 

4:53 

3:13 

3:38 

00:45 

5:16 

1:18 

2:16 

 

The SRN connecting districts of Koshi Province are relatively obstructed by landslide and flash flood in hilly region, flood in terai region and numerous bridge building activities would be diverted roads into small rivulets. And can delay traffic and can be temporarily obstructed during the monsoon season. 

Madhesh Pradesh Province   

The East-West Highway runs longitudinally across the Madhesh Pradesh. All major cities of the province are connected to the highway. Janakpurdham, Rajbiraj , Birgunj and Gaur lie 25, 10, 24 and 42 km south of the Mahendra Highway, respectively. The Tribhuvan Highway is an important to link as it connects the province to Kathmandu and to India. The starting point of Tribhuvan Highway i.e. Birgunj is the most important international gateway and trade way for this province and the entire country and hence as the Tribhuvan Highway is also referred to as "The Gateway of Nepal". Birendra highway which is connected to Mahendra highway from headquarter of Rautahat district Gaur to the Chandranigahpur (the largest city of Rautahat) is 42km in length. However, to access the capital of Madhesh Pradesh  Janakpur city from Kathmandu the fastest suggested route is the Bisheshwor Prasad Koirala (BP) highway till Bardibas, Mahottari and then 1 h 12 min (43.9 km) via E - W Hwy/AH2 and Dhulikhel Sindhuli Bhittamod Rajmarg.  

image-20240516161144-3Strategic Road Network of Madhesh Pradesh: Statistics of National Highway 

Distance Matrix (Madhesh Pradesh)  

Distance from Madhesh Capital City to Major Towns (km) 

 

Janakpur 

Birgunj 

Kalaiva 

Gaur 

Malangawa 

Jaleshower 

Siraha 

Rajbira 

Janakpur 

 

158 

143 

136 

60.1  

18.3 

 87.3  

 122 

Birgunj 

158 

 

17.5  

 64.9 

114  

 157 

196  

230 

Kalaiva 

143 

17.5 

 

47.5 

99.3 

142 

181 

251 

Gaur 

136 

64.9 

47.5 

 

92.4 

135 

174 

208 

Malangawa 

60.1 

114 

99.3 

92.4 

 

41.8 

120 

155 

Jaleshower 

18.3 

157 

142 

135 

41.8 

 

 95 

 137 

Siraha 

87.3 

196 

181 

174 

120 

95 

 

82 

Rajbiraj 

122 

230 

251 

208 

155 

137 

82 

 

 

Travel Time from Madhesh Capital City to Major Towns (hours: minutes) 

 

Janakpur 

Birgunj 

Kalaiva 

Gaur 

Malangawa 

Jaleshower 

Siraha 

Rajbira 

Janakpur 

 

 3:10 

2:56  

2:56  

 1:25  

 00:30 

 2:07 

  3:00 

Birgunj 

3:10 

 

00:28 

1:41  

2:20 

 3:15 

4:10 

5:10   

Kalaiya 

2:56 

00:28 

 

1:13  

 2:05  

 3:00 

 4:00 

 5:00 

Gaur 

2:56 

1:41 

1:13 

 

 2:00 

 3:00 

 3:56 

 3:00 

Malangawa 

1:25 

2;20 

2:05 

2:00 

 

 1:00 

3:00  

 4:00 

Jaleshower 

00:30 

3:15 

3:00 

3:00 

1:00 

 

 2:29  

 3:30  

Siraha 

2:07 

4:10 

4:00 

3:56 

3:00 

2:29 

 

2:00 

Rajbiraj 

3:00 

5:10 

5:00 

3:00 

4:00 

3:30 

2:00 

 

 

The SRN connecting districts of Madhesh Province are generally obstructed by flood during the monsoon season and can be halted traffic for few days during the season.  

Bagmati Province  

All 13 districts of Bagmati Province are connected by roads. However, people living in the high altitude regions of Rasuwa, Sindhuplachok and Dolakha experience difficulty accessing roadways perennially. Major highways of the province are as follows: 

  1. Tribhuvan Highway: Tribhuvan Highway (H02) which is also part of Asian Highway 42 (AH42) connects the capital city with Birgunj, a major business hub in Madhesh Pradesh  bordered with India

  1. Araniko Highway: Araniko Highway (H03) which is also part of AH42 connects capital city with Kodari on the Nepal-China border.  

  1. Prithivi Highway: Prithivi Highway (H04) connects capital city via Naubise, Dhading with Pokhara in Gandaki Province. This landslide-prone and heavily congested highway passes through five districts: Kathmandu, Dhading, Chitwan, Tanahu and Kaski

  1. BP Koirala Highway:  The BP Highway, also known as the Banepa- Bardibas Highway, links Kathmandu Valley with Madhesh Pradesh  and  connects with eastern Nepal.  

image-20240516161144-4Road Network in Bagmati Province: Statistics of National Highway 

Distance Matrix 

 

Distances from Bagmati Province Capital City to Major Towns (km) 

 

Hetauda 

Kathmandu 

Ratnanagar 

Bhimeshowr 

Bidur 

Dhunche 

Chautara 

Hetauda 

 

85  

62.7 

207  

 121 

 168 

 172  

Kathmandu 

85 

 

159  

127 

 50 

 98.8 

 94.5 

Ratnagar 

62.7 

159 

 

 276 

 133 

 181 

 233 

Bhimeshowr 

207 

127 

276 

 

 178 

 224 

 109 

Bidur 

121 

50 

133 

176 

 

 49.1 

 115 

Dhunche 

168 

98.8 

181 

224 

109 

 

 164 

Chautara 

172 

94.5 

233 

109 

115 

164 

 

 

Travel Time from Bagmati Province Capital City to Major Towns (hours 00:00) 

 

Hetauda 

Kathmandu 

Ratnanagar 

Bhimeshowr 

Bidur 

Dhunche 

Chautara 

Hetauda 

 

3:53 

1:14 

7:49 

4:30 

6:27 

6:45 

Kathmandu 

3:53 

 

5:04 

4:01 

2:00 

3:52 

3:27 

Ratnagar 

1:14 

5:04 

 

8:28 

3:25 

5:20 

8:10 

Bhimeshowr 

7:49 

4:10 

8:28 

 

6:00 

  8:00 

3:30 

Bidur 

4:30 

2:00 

3:25 

6:00 

 

 2:03 

 5:24 

Dhunche 

6:27 

3:52 

5:20 

8:00 

2:03 

 

 7:02 

Chautara 

6:45 

3:27 

8:10 

3:30 

5:24 

7:02 

 

Connecting road to Kathmandu (Bagmati Province), the capital of Nepal through the Narayngadh Mugling Highway/HO5 can be obstructed by large scale landslide and the main route to the capital city from the rest of the country can also be blocked by debris flow during monsoon season.  

image-20240516161144-5

Landslide Disrupts Narayagarh-Mugling Road Section 

Gandaki Province 

Nine out of 11 districts of Gandaki Province are connected via blacktopped road (530.24 km). Road connection to Myagdi, Mustang and Manang although navigable are earthen and gravelled and can pose serious issues during rainy season.  

  1. Siddhartha Highway: Siddhartha Highway (H10) connects Gandaki Provicne  to Gandaki Province. The highway starts at Nepal-India Border in Siddharthanagar and terminates at Prithivi chowk, Pokhara.  The major settlements on the highway are Siddharthanagar, Butwal, Tansen, Waling, Putalibazar, Syangja and Pokhara. 

image-20240516161144-6

Road Network in Gandaki Province: Statistics of National Highway 

Distances from Gandaki Province Capital City to Major Towns (km) 

 

Pokhara 

Vyas 

Gaindakot 

Baglung 

Gorkha 

Beshisahar 

Chame 

Jomsom 

Pokhara 

 

50.1 

 121 

 80.7 

 73.8 

 106 

 169 

 159 

Vyas 

51.1 

 

  102 

131 

 43.2 

57.9 

 121 

209 

Gaindakot 

121 

102 

 

  202 

116  

115 

 178 

298 

Baglung 

80.7 

131 

202 

 

186 

187 

249 

 94.3 

Gorkha 

73.8 

43.2 

116 

186 

 

66.5 

144 

265  

Besisahar 

106 

57.9 

115 

187 

66.5 

 

 67.4 

 265 

Chame 

169 

121 

178 

249 

144 

67.4 

 

328  

Jomsom 

159 

209 

298 

94.3 

265 

265 

328 

 

 

Travel Time from Gandaki Province Capital City to Major Towns (hours 00:00) 

 

Pokhara 

Vyas 

Gaindakot 

Baglung 

Gorkha 

Beshisahar 

Chame 

Jomsom 

Pokhara 

 

2:09 

5:12 

2:13 

4:00 

4:04 

7:44 

5:55 

Vyas 

2:09 

 

3:00 

4:18 

1:44 

2:00 

5:40 

8:04 

Gaindakot 

5:12 

3:00 

 

7:04 

4:22 

3:34 

7:14 

11:35 

Baglung 

2:13 

4:18 

7:04 

 

6:00 

6:05 

9:47 

4:09 

Gorkha 

4:00 

1:44 

4:22 

6:00 

 

2:28 

6:21 

10:00 

Besisahar 

4:04 

2:00 

3:34 

6:05 

2:28 

 

4:00 

10:00 

Chame 

7:44 

5:40 

7:14 

9:47 

6:21 

4:00 

 

12:36 

Jomsom 

5:55 

8:04 

11:35 

4:09 

10:00 

10:00 

12:36 

 

 

Lumbini Province 

All 12 districts of Lumbini Province are connected via blacktopped road (1428.90 km). Major highways of the province are as follows: 

  1. Rapti Highway: Rapti Highway (H11) starts from Ameliya, Dang and terminates at Musikot West Rukum. This highway makes hilly regions of Rolpa, Salyan West Rukum and east Rukum accessible. 

  1. Ratna Highway: Ratna Highway (H12) connects Lumbini Province to Karnali Province. It starts at Nepal- India border in Nepalgunj and terminates at Birendranagar, Surkhet. The highway transition into Karnali Highway system from the point it terminates.  

  1. Mahendra highway: Mahendra highway traverses districts of Bardiya, Banke, Dang, Kapilvastu, Rupandehi, Parasi latitudinally. It connects Lumbini Province  to Bagmati Province  to east and Sudurpaschim Province  to the west.  

 

image-20240516161144-7

Road Network in Lumbini Province: Statistics of National Highway 

Distances from Lumbini Province Capital City to Major Towns (km) 

 

Butwal 

Ghorahi 

Nepalgunj 

Kapilvastu 

Rajapur 

Bhairahawa 

Ramgram 

Butwal 

 

148 

249 

48.5 

316 

25.1 

35.3 

Ghorahi 

148 

 

146 

120 

220 

180 

185 

Nepalgunj 

249 

146 

 

221 

289 

41.8 

67.9 

Kapivastu 

48.5 

120 

221 

 

289 

41.8 

67.9 

Rajapur 

316 

220 

289 

289 

 

330 

356 

Bhairahawa 

25.1 

180 

41.8 

41.8 

330 

 

25.2 

Ramgram 

35.3 

185 

67.9 

67.9 

356 

25.2 

 

 

 

Travel Time from Lumbini Province Capital City to Major Towns (hours:minutes) 

 

Butwal 

Ghorahi 

Nepalgunj 

Kapilvastu 

Rajapur 

Bhairahawa 

Ramgram 

Butwal 

 

3:22 

5:13 

1:00 

6:40 

00:42 

1:03 

Ghorahi 

3:22 

 

3:31 

2:46 

4:20 

3:42 

4:30 

Nepalgunj 

5:13 

3:31 

 

4:48 

6:04 

5:43 

6:25 

Kapivastu 

1:00 

2:46 

4:48 

 

7:00 

00:52 

1:16 

Rajapur 

6:40 

4:20 

6:04 

7:00 

 

7:03 

7:38 

Bhairahawa 

00:42 

3:42 

5:43 

00:52 

7:03 

 

00:31 

Ramgram 

1:03 

4:30 

6:25 

1:16 

7:38 

00:31 

 

 

There are 12 districts in Lumbini Province. Of them, six districts of the Terai – West Nawalparasi, Rupandehi, Kapilvastu, Dang, Banke, and Bardiya – are at high risk of floods. Similarly, hilly districts – Gulmi, Arghakhanchi, Pyuthan, Rolpa, and Palpa – are at high risk of landslides and road can be obstructed during monsoon season and adhere to the precaution notification of the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM)  for movement. 

Karnali Province  

The East-West Highway (EWH, 1,024 km) is the main traffic artery in the country but does not traverse Karnali province. The juncture with the EWH at Kohalpur along Ratna Rajmarg is 87 KM away from Karnali Province’s capital, Birendranagar.   

The last 40km of the Ratna Highway from the border at Bheriganga Municipality, Surkhet with Bardiya district joins Lumbini Province  with Karnali Province’s capital. The Karnali Highway (233km) traverses Surkhet, Dailekh, Kalikot, and Jumla crossing Mid Hill EW Highway at Sahijyula, Dailkeh. The Mid-hill EW highway which is 1,776 km long extending from Panchthar to Baitadi is the parallel highway which will provide an alternative to EW highway through hills. 278 km of Midhill highway traverses Dailekh (125 km), Jajarkot (83 km) and West Rukum (70 km) from Sahijyula, Dailekh to Ghorkhani in West Rukum. 176 km of Rapti Highway connects Salyan and West Rukum with EWH in Ameliya, Dang of that 124 km traverses Salyan and West Rukum from Salyan district border with Dang district till Musikot. At Musikot it meets Midhill EWH.   

 

image-20240516161144-8

Road Network in Karnali Province: Statistics of National Highway 

 

Distance Matrix (Karnali Province)  

Distances from Karnali Province capital, Birendranagar to Major Towns (km)  

  

Surkhet  

Chhinchu  

Dullu  

Dailekh  

Manma  

Nagma  

Jumla  

Gamgadhi  

Chaurjhari  

Jajarkot  

Rukum  

Salyan  

Surkhet  

 

27 

86.7  

125  

147  

196  

229  

251.5 

117  

148  

175  

107 

Chhinchu  

27 

 

98  

120  

174  

223  

255  

327.5  

87.1  

119  

145  

76.2 

Dullu   

86.7 

98 

 

17.9  

84.2  

133  

180  

223.5  

184  

215  

242  

173 

Dailekh   

125 

120 

17.9 

 

106  

155  

188  

263.5  

206  

238  

264  

195 

Manma   

147 

174 

84.2 

106 

 

49.3  

82.4  

174.5  

260  

291  

318  

249 

Nagma   

196 

223 

133 

155 

49.3 

 

47  

91.5  

356   

340  

367  

298 

Jumla   

229 

 

255 

180 

188 

82.4 

47 

 

124.5 

356 

387 

414 

346 

Gamgadhi  

251.5 

327.5 

223.5 

263.5 

174.5 

91.5 

124.5 

 

 

406.5 

436.5 

391.5 

Chaurjhari  

117 

87.1 

184 

206 

260 

356  

356 

 

 

61.1  

57.9  

89.1 

Jajarkot  

148 

119 

215 

238 

291 

340 

387 

406.5 

61.1 

 

105 

122 

Rukum  

175 

145 

242 

264 

318 

367 

414 

436.5 

57.9 

105 

 

98 

Salyan  

107 

76.2 

173 

195 

249 

298 

346 

391.5 

89.1 

122 

98 

 

 

 Travel Time from Birendranagar, Surkhet to Major Towns (hours:minutes 00:00)   

  

Surkhet  

Chhinchu  

Dullu  

Dailekh  

Manma  

Nagma  

Jumla  

Gamgadhi  

Chaurjhari  

Jajarkot  

Rukum  

Salyan  

Surkhet  

  

0:45 

2:43 

3:31 

5:47 

8:00 

9:08 

14:25  

4:00 

4:25 

6:13 

3:30 

Chhinchu  

00:45 

  

3:20 

4:04 

6:25 

8:35 

9:41 

15:50 

3:19 

3:44 

5:32 

2:46 

Dullu   

2:43 

3:20 

  

0:58 

3:39 

5:47 

7:36 

13:50 

6:31 

7:00 

8:44 

 5:56   

Dailekh   

3:31 

4:04 

00:58 

  

4:17 

6:19 

7:34 

11:00 

7:16 

7:14 

9:29 

8:00  

Manma   

5:47 

6:25 

3:39 

 4:17 

  

2:05  

 3:52  

8  

 9:19 

 10:04 

 11:30   

 9:06   

Nagma   

8:00 

8:35 

5:47 

6:19 

 2:05  

  

1:47   

6.5  

 11:24 

 12:09 

 13:35  

11:05  

Jumla   

9:08 

9:41 

7:36 

7:34 

3:52  

1:47 

  

8  

 13:10 

 13:55  

15:21  

 12:58   

Gamgadhi  

14:25  

15:50 

13:50 

11 :00 

8  

6.5  

8  

  

  

19.75  

21  

18  

Chaurjhari  

4:00 

3:19 

6:31 

  7:16 

   6:54 

 11:24 

 13:10 

 8:00 

  

 1:27 

 2:10 

 3:29 

Jajarkot  

4:25 

3:44 

7:00 

7:41 

10:0  

10:04  

13:55 

19.75  

  

  

2:38 

 4:21  

Rukum  

6:13 

5:32 

8:44 

 9:29  

 

11:30  

13:35  

15:21  

21  

 1:27 

2:38  

  

4:01  

Salyan  

3:30 

2:46 

5:56 

 6:46  

9:06 

11:05   

12:58   

18  

 3:29 

 4:21  

 4:01  

  

Known obstacles and bridges in Karnali Province  

image-20240516161144-9

Construction of Bridge on Karnali Highway on the way to Manma 

The SRN connecting districts of Karnali Province are relatively unobstructed by landslides. But numerous bridge building activities have diverted roads into small rivulets, which can delay traffic and can be temporarily obstructed during the monsoon season.   

Construction of bridges on the lengths of highways could delay the movement but are not a hindrance. Numerous bridges are being constructed.   

The district of Humla is not yet connected with road network. A project to link the Humla with Karnali Highway is under progress in Kalikot district. A special travel arrangement could be made in the form of the ferry to carry vehicles across the Karnali river but that is not possible during the rainy season.  Historically, an ancient foot trail from Simikot to Hilsa, that goes along the mountain slopes on the left side of the Humla Karnali river. This route has been used by locals for trading at the nearby old trade mart of Taklakot in Tibet, and for undertaking the pilgrimage to the nearby holy sites of Lake Manasarovar and Mount Kailash in Tibet. This route involves a 4-5 day walk from Simikot to Hilsa,   

Dolpa is also not accessible through a connecting road. The government is attempting to link the roadway to Dolpa, Dunai. The road is linked to Rukum, Jajarkot districts. The road is 118 km long, of which 73 km road construction has been completed.   

Sudurpashchim Province  

The East-West highway is the lifeline to all 9 districts in Sudurpashchim Province. The road networks joining province capitals Kailali and district headquarter, Kanchanpur, south of the East-West highway and other seven districts headquarter with north of East-west highway are accessible but the problem of inundation in Terai and frequent lands8:44lide often pose severe access constraints during the monsoon season. Puspalal Mid hill Highways is5 in the construction process but at a slow pace.  

image-20240516161144-10

Strategic Road Network of Sudurpaschim Province: Statistics of National Highway 

Distance Matrix (Sudurpashchim Province)  

 

Distances from Sudurpaschim Province capital, Dhangadi  to Major Towns (km) 

  

  

Kailali  

Kanchanpur  

Dadeldhura  

Baitadi  

Darchula  

Bajhang  

Doti  

Bajura  

Achham  

Kailali  

  

63.6 

140 

210 

327 

270 

195 

306 

300 

Kanchanpur  

 63.6 

  

200 

272 

390 

331 

258 

289 

208 

Dadeldhura  

 140 

200  

  

80.3 

148 

160 

144 

254 

251 

Baitadi  

 210 

 272 

80.3  

  

142 

267 

250 

361 

235 

Darchula  

 327 

 390 

 148 

142  

  

267 

254 

370 

358 

Bajhang  

270 

 331 

 160 

 267 

267  

  

196 

312 

299 

Doti  

 195 

 258 

 144 

 250 

 254 

196  

  

135 

132 

Bajura  

 306 

 289 

 254 

 361 

 370 

 312 

135  

  

93.2  

Achham  

 300 

 208 

 251 

 235 

 358 

 299 

 132 

93.2  

 

 

 

Travel Time from Sudurpaschim Province capital, Dhangadi  to Major Towns (km)  

   

  

Kailali  

Kanchanpur  

Dadeldhura  

Baitadi  

Darchula  

Bajhang  

Doti  

Bajura  

Achham  

Kailali  

   

  1:27 

  4:03 

  6:27 

  10:28 

  8:38 

  6:00 

  9:40 

 9:20 

Kanchanpur  

  1:27 

   

5:30   

  8:00 

  12:00 

  10:00 

  7:30 

  11:00 

 8:00 

Dadeldhura Amargadi  

  4:03 

5:30   

   

2:45   

  6:30 

  5:45 

  5:00 

  8:40 

 8:30 

Baitadi  

  6:27 

  8:00 

2:45   

   

5:00   

  9:30 

  8:30 

  12:30 

 12:00 

Darchula  

  10:28 

  12:00 

  6:30 

5:00   

   

  9:20 

  8:30 

  12:30 

 12:00 

Bajhang  

  8:38 

  10:00 

  5:45 

  9:30 

  9:20 

   

6:40 

10;50 

10:20 

Doti  

  6:00 

  7:30 

  5:00 

  8:30 

  8:30 

6:40   

   

1:15 

5:00 

Bajura  

  9:40 

  11:00 

  8:40 

  12:30 

  12:30 

  10:50 

  1:15 

   

3:30 

Achham  

 9:20 

 8:00 

 8:30 

 12:00 

 12:00 

 10:20 

 5:00 

 3:30 

 

Known obstacles and bridges in Sudurpashchim province  

 

image-20240516161144-11

Rocky section of F154 in Bumramadichaur joining Nagma to Gamgadhi, Mugu  

Landslide and flood-prone area in a different location throughout the Sudurpashchim province     

Address  

GR/Map sheet  

Latitude    

Longitude   

Hazard and Risk   

Remark   

Kakada  

46709130  

N29° 47'08''   

E80° 26'09''   

Landslide  

Mahakali highway   

Kimtadi   

53559990  

N29° 49'32''   

E80° 30'07''   

Landslide  

Mahakali highway   

Khaulchaura  

46879012  

N29° 44'01''   

E80° 27'05''   

Landslide  

Mahakali highway   

Terselake   

50759012  

N29° 44'20''   

E80° 29'09''   

Landslide  

Mahakali highway  

Dudhali Gard   

52578957  

N29° 46'28''   

E80° 30'48''   

Landslide   

Mahakali highway   

Baitadi  

NA  

N29° 39'158''   

E80° 31'229''   

Landslide  

Baitadi Road   

Baitadi -Bangabagar  

NA  

N29. 664634'   

E80.545070'   

Flash flood   

Mahakali Highway  

Bajura-Dwari, Kailashmandu   

NA  

 N 29.399555  

E81.393506  

Landslide   

Bajura Road   

Lalmatiya Bhaluwang- Dang   

NA  

N27.837510  

E82.763178  

Road damage- east-west highway   

Due to irrigation project   

 

Flood-prone districts of 6 provinces of Nepal where susceptibility of road blocked is high during monsoon season (June-August) and vehicular movement need to adhere to the early notification of rain by Department of Hydrology and Meteorology of Nepal for vehicular movement.  

 

Flood Prone Districts of 7 province of Nepal 

Koshi  

Bagamati  

Gandaki 

Madhesh  

Lumbini  

 Sudurpaschim 

Jhapa 

Chitawan 

Nawalparasi 

Bara 

Banke 

Kailali 

Morang 

Sindhuli 

  

Dhanusha 

Bardiya 

Kanchanpur 

Sunsari 

  

  

Mahottari 

Dang 

  

Udayapur 

  

  

Parsa 

Kapilbastu 

  

  

  

  

Rautahat 

Nawalparasi 

  

  

  

  

Saptari 

Rupandehi 

  

  

  

  

Sarlahi 

  

  

  

  

  

Siraha 

  

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.1 Major Border Crossing of Kakarbhitta - Mechi

Overview 

Kakarbhitta is the eastern terminus of Nepal's east-west Mahendra Highway at the country's eastern border with DarjeelingDistrict, West Bengalstate, India. The Panitanki neighbourhood of Naxalbari is on the other side. It is an open border for Nepali / Indian foot traffic, up to 10,000 people per day. The construction work of 690 meters long open foundation bridge has been completed. The bridge (Mechi/Miteri bridge) over Mechi River in Kakarvitta came into operation on 1st January 2023 it is connected with the Asian Highway with 6-lane road connectivity and 2 & 3-wheeler vehicles are not allowed to travel via this bridge. The width of the new bridge is 22 meters. Roads are good on both sides of the border. The road to Kolkatta is good with a distance of 658 km. Imports from India account for 90% of the traffic at this border crossing. Customs can process up to 150-200 trucks a day.    

 

Kakarbhitta is the 7th largest border crossing point, with 2.87%  share of total import value (ref: Dept of Customs, 2019/20). 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Kakarbhitta 

India: Naxalbari / Pantanki 

Province or District 

Koshi Province, Mechi Municipality-6, Jhapa District 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Mechi (adjacent) 

Bhadrapur (18 km) 

Latitude 

26.64611 

Longitude 

88.15777 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Immigration Office, Mechi Customs Office 

Contact Person 

Shree Ram Prasad Regmi 

Tel: 023-562234 

Email: mechi@customs.gov.np 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Baghdogra Airport, India 

Distance: 18 km 

Truck: 45 minutes 

Car: 30 minutes 

Nearest Port 

Calcutta Port, India 

Distance: 586 km 

Truck Travel Time: 15 hours 

Car Travel time: 10 hours 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Silguri, India 

Distance: 27 km 

Truck Travel Time: 1 hour 

Car Travel time: 45 minutes 

Panitanki, India 

Distance: 2 km 

Truck: 15 minutes 

Car: 5 minutes 

Other Information 

 

The market is 18 kms from Baghdogra Airport. It is very large–it takes 1 hour to travel from the fringes to the centre of the market. Roads to the markets are good with fuel stations on the route. 

Passengers, 2 & 3 wheeler vehicle  crosses using Old Mechi Bridge for shopping at Panitanki or other markets in India. 

The Asian Highway between Nepal & India is connected by Mechi/Miteri Bridge and heavy-loaded transports and light four-wheeler vehicle crosses the border point of Nepal via Mechi/Miteri Bridge. 

 

Hours of Operation 

MONDAY 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

TUESDAY 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

WEDNESDAY 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

THURSDAY 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

FRIDAY 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

SATURDAY 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 
Note: Closed 1st and 3rd Saturday of every month 

SUNDAY 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 
Note: India Border closed Sunday 
Bangladesh border closed Friday  

NATIONAL HOLIDAYS: 
(List dates of closure and hours of operation if different from regular schedule.) 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. The Customs procedure is closed on Jesth 15 (28 or 29 April every year) on account of New Fiscal Budget Announcement but for services to immigration & passenger remains continue. 
 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies  

SEASONAL CONSTRAINTS: 
(i.e., winter months, rainy season, etc.) 

 None 

Daily Capacity 

  • Operating hours can be extended to 06:00-22:00 for exceptionally high truck traffic if required. 

  • Average clearing time: 2½ hours / truck 

  • There is rarely a backlog. All trucks are cleared daily.  

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance.   

  • D & T Exemption Certificate   

  • Performa invoice 

  • Invoice  

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates  

  • Packing list  

  • Letter of credit  

  • Mode of payments (LC/TT/Draft) 

  • Certificate of origin  

  • Certificate of insurance  

  • Bill of Lading/Airway Bill for 3rd country imports 

  • Industry Registration Certificates  

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods. 

  • Bill of Entry from Indian Customs Office 

  • Exit Note (TransNepal Freight Service (P) Ltd charges as per their Discharge Rate and Terminal Handling Charges for using Terminal and Warehouse facilities which is linked to ASYCUDA and allowed to exit the vehicles following proper verification. 

  • VCTS 

  • Recommendation letter 

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 (FY- 2023/024) 

  • GST Bill 

 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Other Relevant Information 

  • Foot traffic is mixed with vehicles on the bridge and may present logistics safety issues. 

  • The bridge (approx. 400 m) old one and a new bridge (Mechi or Miteri bridge) constructed over the Mechi River in Kakarvitta which came into operation on 1st January 2023 and has connected Kakadvitta, Nepal and Panitanki of India. This bridge connects the Asian Highway.  

  • A logistical problem would present if both bridges were damaged. 

 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

Pictures 

image-20240517092633-1 

Aerial view of Border crossing with 1. Immigration Office of kakarbhitta, (2) Mechi Customs Office, (3) Mechi Bridge 

 

image-20240517092633-2

 

Updated Aerial view of Border crossing with Immigration Office of kakarbhitta, Mechi Customs Office, and both Mechi Bridge 

 

 

image-20240517092633-3

 

Mechi/Miteri bridge over Mechi River at Kakarvitta ICD & Customs Office 

 

 

image-20240517092633-4

 

Over to India via Miteri Bridge at Kakarvitta 

 

 

image-20240517092633-5

 

Mechi Customs Office, Kakarvitta, Jhapa, Koshi Province 

 

 

image-20240517092633-6

 

Asian Highway that connects Nepal and India at Kakarvitta Border point 

 

 

image-20240517092944-10

Truck parking and shade storage 

 

image-20240517092931-9

Truck parking and shade storage 

 

image-20240517092923-8

Warehouse storage 

 

image-20240517092908-7

Way to Old Mechi bridge and river. 

 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.2 Major Border Crossing of Rani/Jogbani

Overview 

image-20240517093031-1

Aerial view of Border crossing with (1) Biratnagar ICP, (2) Biratnagar Customs Office, (3) Jogbani Railway Station 

 

The city of Biratnagar is 7 kilometres (4 mi) north of Nepal's southern border with Biharstate, India. Indian and Nepalese nationals cross freely as the border is open for local movement. The checkpoint is under the joint oversight of Armed Police Force along with Local Police unit for overall security and Biratnagar Customs Office for administrative and record keeping responsibilities.  

 

Jogbani town in ArariaDistrict is on the Indian side, where a rail line ends at Jogbani Station (JBN) under Katihar Division of Northeast Frontier railways. Nepal’s eastern border of Kakarbhitta lies at a distance of 108 kilometres (67.5 mi) from the city and can be reached via frequent buses running half-hourly from the city's bus park

 

Biratnagar is the 4th largest border crossing point, with 11.57% share of total import value (ref: customs.gov.np). 

 

Biratnagar Custom Office is opened for passengers and local customers for purchasing of goods of maximun NPR 5000 per person only. No cargo transports are allowed to enter from this point except mini private cars, vehicles. This border crossing had a significant importance for trade, commerce, and the movement of people between Nepal and India. But after the operation of ICP all the cargo crosses the border via ICP, Buddhanagar to Nepal. 

 

It has 9 sub-customs offices which are as follows: Mayaganj, Rangeli, Diniya, Madhumalla, , Tariga, Kadamaha, Chuniwari, Doria and Chowkighat Sub Customs Office. 

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Biratnagar 

India: Jogbani 

Province or District 

Koshi Province, Morang 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Biratnagar 

Latitude 

26.4029474 

Longitude 

87.2668259    

Managing Authority / Agency 

Biratnagar Customs Office, Armed Police Force  

Contact Person 

Shree Gyanendra Dhakal 

Tel: 021-444005 

Fax: 021-436323 

Official Mob: 9852037345 

E-mail: biratnagar@customs.gov.np 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Baghdogra, India 
Distance: 136 km 
Truck: 5 hours 
Car: 3:30  hours  

Nearest Port 

Kolkota, India 
Distance: 550 km 
Truck: 2 days (night travel only) 
Car: 8 hours 
Train: 12 hours  

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Siliguri, India 
Distance: 142 km 
Truck: 4 hours 
Car: 3.40  hours 

Other Information 

 

4 Lane highway to the market at Siliguri 
Fuelling stations en-route 

 

Hours of Operation (for passengers) 

Mondays 

06:00 – 21:00 

Tuesdays 

06:00 – 21:00 

Wednesdays 

06:00 – 21:00 

Thursdays 

06:00 – 21:00 

Fridays 

06:00 – 21:00 

Saturdays 

06:00 – 21:00 

Sundays 

06:00 – 21:00 
Note: India border is closed. 

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival, 3 days for Tihar, 1 day for Chhat pooja and 1 day Holi) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. Passenger checking and immigration procedure continues  
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies.   

Seasonal Constraints  

None 

 

Daily Capacity 

N/A. Closed to Cargo and container trucks. 

Customs Clearance 

No import/export customs clearance procedure is conducted at this point. Only passengers are allowed to cross from this border area. All the cargos are diverted to ICP Buddhanagr and crosses the border point after clearing all customs procedures through ICP Biratnagar Customs office. 

As this border point used as for only immigration purposes. Vehicles and means of transport that are temporarily crosses from India will be subjected to customs duties as per the scheduled below:  

  • Motorcycles and scooters NPR 200.00 

  • Three-Wheeled vehicle      NPR 400.00 

  • Including tractor tailor       NPR 500.00 

  • Cars, Jeep Vans, Minibuses and other tourist vehicles NPR 600 

  • Trailor, trucks and other vehicles NPR 1700 

  • Excavator, Dozer, Loader, Roller, JCB  and Crane used in construction work NPR 1700. 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.3 Major Border Crossing of Bhairahawa / Sunauli

Overview 

image-20240517093435-1

Aerial view of Border crossing at Sunauli, 1. Customs Office 2. Bhairahawa ICD 

 

Sunauli is 95 km north of Gorakhpur (India) and 5 km south of Bhairahawa. The Indian side is "Sunauli" and Nepal side is Belahiya.  

The Border Crossing being official entry point for heavy and light vehicles tends to be busy and congested all year round. Immigration Office at Belahiya is present, to efficiently cater to the 2nd busiest border crossing in Nepal, with 15.19 % share of total import value (ref: Dept of Customs, 2022/23). There are seven sub customs offices under this customs office: (1) Paklihawa, (2) Lumbini (3) Vucchivareva, (4) Amuwa, (5) Thumuwa, (6) Manjharia and (7) Bethry. Among these only Lumbini sub customs office is working. 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Belahiya / Bhairahawa 
India: Sunauli / Nautanwa 

Province or District 

Lumbini Province, Rupandehi 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Bhairahawa 

Latitude 

27.47611 

Longitude 

83.47000 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Bhairahawa Customs Office, Immigration Office Belahiya, Armed Police Force 

Contact Person 

Narendra Prasad Chaudhary 

Siddharthanagar Muncipality ward no. 1, Belahiya, Rupandehi 

 

Tel: 071-418003 

Fax: 071-418026 

E-mail: bhairahawa@customs.gov.np 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Gautam Buddha International Airport 

Distance: 8 km 

Truck Travel Time: 20 minutes 

Car Travel time: 20 minutes 

Nearest Port 

Kolkota 

Distance: 910 km 

Truck: Travel Time Unknown 

Car: More than 24 hrs 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Bhairahawa (Nepal) / Sunauli (India) 
Distance: 5 kms 
Truck: 10 minutes 
Car: 10 minutes 

Other Information 

 

Weighbridge /  
Integrated check point (ICP) with India under construction 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

 10:00 - 17:00 

Tuesdays 

 10:00 - 17:00 

Wednesdays 

 10:00 - 17:00 

Thursdays 

 10:00 - 17:00 

Fridays 

 10:00 - 17:00 

Saturdays 

 10:00 - 12:00 

Sundays 

 10:00 - 12:00 

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies  

Seasonal Constraints  

 None. Currently, road expansion work is going on near the customs office, so there might be some disturbance in movement of vehicles. 

 

Daily Capacity 

  • Up to 300 Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) per day in both directions. 

Customs Clearance 

Due to clearance delay from Indian side, trucks queue up to 7 KM, due to this some trucks divert to Krishnanagar and Suthauli customs. If all supporting documents are okay, the clearance procedure can be completed in 2 hours. 

Please see the Government directives regarding waiver of duty when a State of Emergency is declared. Under these circumstances, the DG will designate a specific area for clearance of aid cargo. 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

Nepal - 2.3.4 Minor Border Crossing - Krishnanagar

Overview 

This border crossing is on Nepal’s southern border with India across from Barhani Bazar. The movement of Indian and Nepalese nationals across the border is unrestricted; however, there is a customs checkpoint for goods. Goods bound for Dang and Arghakhanchi cross here. Krishnanagar connects by road to the east–west Mahendra Highway. There are two routes from the border point: to Butwal and to Bhairahawa. The roads are good but single lane in places. There are four small customs offices under this office at Bhilmi, Hariharpur Kushhawa and Hardauna. 

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Krishnanagar  

India: Barhni  

Province or District 

Lumbini Province, Kapilvastu 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Bhairahawa 
Distance: 73 km 
Travel Time:  2 hours 

Latitude 

27.49389 

Longitude 

82.79406 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Government of Nepal / Ministry of Finance / Department of Customs 

Contact Person 

Man Bahadur Paudel (Customs chief) 

Tel.: 076-520030 

Fax: 076-520073 

Email: krishnanagar@customs.gov.np 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Gautam Buddha International Airport, Bhairahawa 
Distance:  71 km 
Truck:  2 – 2.5 hours 
Car:  1.5 hours 

Nearest Port 

Kolkota, India 

Distance: 1,020 km 
Truck: 24 hours + 
Car: 21 hours 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

The border crossing and Customs is located within the Krishnanagar market area. 

Other Information 

 

N/A 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

 10:00 to 18:00 hrs 

Tuesdays 

 10:00 to 18:00 hrs 

Wednesdays 

 10:00 to 18:00 hrs 

Thursdays 

 10:00 to 18:00 hrs 

Fridays 

 10:00 to 18:00 hrs 

Saturdays 

 10:00 to 16:00 hrs 

Sundays 

 10:00 to 18:00 hrs 

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies.  

 

Seasonal Constraints  

N/A 

 

Daily Capacity 

50 to 60 trucks per day. 

Customs Clearance 

The customs clearance process can be completed within 2 days if all required documents are presented. Customs uses a sophisticated CCTV surveillance system which has a control room in the Customs office at Krishnanagar but is monitored online by HQ in Kathmandu. 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Other Relevant Information 

The customs office is equipped with a weighbridge, and it has plant, animal, and food quarantine. It does not have any warehouse for storage but an open parking yard which can accommodate 20 trucks at a time. The main items imported from this customs office are Fly Ash, Clinker, Gypsum, Iron Ore, Coal, M. S. Billets, veneer seats, green fruits and vegetables, edibles, malt, tobacco products, bottles, etc. Similarly, the main items exported include resins and herbs. 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.5 Minor Border Crossing - Dhangadi/Kailali

Overview 

The Kailali customs office in Dhangadhi sub-metropolitan city, Ward No. 3, Trinagar Kailali is the main customs office under the Department of Customs of Nepal for Sudurpaschim province. The Kailali border crossing at Dhangadi is rated no.  9 of 27 border crossings with 1.64% of total import value (Ref: Dept. of Customs 2022/23).  

 

From the Kailali-Dhangadhi border crossing in Nepal the nearest cities in India are Lucknow and New Delhi. The Bhimdatta Highway connects the Customs Office to Dhangadhi city and the East-West Highway at Attariya, Nepal. Nepali immigration is open from 7am to 8pm. ATMs of different banks and foreign exchange are available in Dhangadhi around 4 Km north of the border. An extension counter of Rastriya Banijya Bank is available inside the customs area. 

 

The customs office does not have any warehouses within the premises, but has an open shed of 500 sqm. 7588 sqm of open space is available outside the compound wall of customs office which is across the road. The open space is suitable for non-food items, there is a national reserve forest in the Indian side of the border and many monkeys are present in the area, the authorities suggest not to store food items in the open space. In Dhangadhi city there are national transport companies available, such as Pashupati and Shivashakti company. 

 

 

image-20240517093728-1

Picture: Boarding crossing –Dhangadhi Kailali (Sudurpashchim) 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Dhangadhi 
India: Gauriphanta 

Province or District 

Sudurpaschim Province in Nepal  

Uttar Pradesh in India  

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Dhangadi in Nepal  

Distance: 4 km  

Palia in India  

Distance 40 km  

Latitude 

28.73004 

Longitude 

80.54606 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Government of Nepal-Ministry of finance Department of Custom-Kailali Custom Office  

Contact Person 

Mr. Pabitra Khadka (Information Officer) 

Office Phone: 9858477021 

Email: kailali@customs.gov.np 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Name: Gautam Buddha International Airport, Bhairahawa  

Distance in km: 403 KM 

Truck Travel Time: 10-12 hrs 

Car Travel time: 8-10 hrs 

Nearest Port 

Name: Dhangadhi Custom Office  
Distance is 1 km 

Truck Travel Time: 5 Minutes  

Car Travel time: 5 Minutes 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Name: Dhangadhi  

Distance in 1 km 

Truck Travel Time: 5 Minutes  

Car Travel time: 5 Minutes 

Other Information 

 

Kolkata is the nearest seaport in Indian side to import and export third country goods 1,255 KM away from Dhangadi takes minimum 25 Hours travel time, but 7 days by truck. 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

0700 hrs to 2000 hrs 

Tuesdays 

0700 hrs to 2000 hrs 

Wednesdays 

0700 hrs to 2000 hrs 

Thursdays 

0700 hrs to 2000 hrs 

Fridays 

0700 hrs to 2000 hrs 

Saturdays 

0700 hrs to 2000 hrs 

Sundays 

0700 hrs to 2000 hrs 

National Holidays 

 

The customs office remains closed on first Saturday of every month as per Nepali calendar. But will remain open if there is an emergency.  

Seasonal Constraints  

No  

 

Daily Capacity 

The customs office has a daily capacity of 200 to 300 trucks per day. 

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance. 

  • D & T Exemption Certificate  

  • Invoice 

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates 

  • Packing list 

  • Letter of credit 

  • Certificate of origin 

  • Certificate of insurance 

  • Bill of Lading / Airway Bill 

  • Industry Registration Certificates 

  • Permanent Account Number (with VAT Registration and Income Tax Registration if not exempt) 

For more information on customs in Dhangadi-Kailali, Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Other Relevant Information 

The delays at the Kailali-Dhangadi Border Post can be extensive – from 2 days to a week-long but the integrated check, post (ICP) in Birgunj can process goods quicker than this custom office.  

 

Major imports from this office are petroleum products, mill machinery, food grains, biscuits, motor parts and industrial raw materials and exported from this office: Rosin, Turpentine and Kaththa. 

Other facilities: Bank facility within the office premises for revenue filing, office for import and export. Animal Quarantine is at 1.5 km and Plant Quarantine and Food Quarantine Office is located at a distance of 2.5 km.  

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.6 Minor Border Crossing - Kanchanpur/Mahendranagar 

Overview 

The Kanchanpur customs office is the second customs office for Sudurpashchim province. It lies on the border of Nepal - India at the Sarada Barrage in Bhimdatta Municipality, along the Mahakali River of Sudurpashcim Province, Nepal. The local population rely on an old bridge of the Sarada barrage. Loaded vehicles are prohibited to use the Sarada barrage bridge. The closest bridge is approximately 15 Km away from the customs office at Tanakpur over the Mahakali river, which connects to the Indian road network. 

 

Kanchanpur is a minor border crossing, rated no.16 of  27 border crossings in terms import share, 0.09% of total country import share value during July 2022-May 2023.  

 

image-20240517093930-1

Picture: Border Crossing point between Nepal and India on the western side 

 

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Mahendranagar  
India: Banbasa  

Province or District 

Sudurpaschim Province in Nepal  

Uttar Pradesh in India in South and Uttarakhand, India in West  

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Mahendranagar, Bhimdatta in Nepal  

Distance 5  km  

Banbassa in India  

Distance 5  km  

Latitude 

28.99388 

Longitude 

80.12110 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Government of Nepal-Ministry of finance Department of Custom-Kanchanpur Custom Office  

Contact Person 

Rajan Babu Kafle 

Phone: +977-9858779666 

Email:   kanchanpur@customs.gov.np 

 

Two warehouses and one shed are present within the Kanchanpur customs office premises. Each has a capacity of 400 m2. A total area of 10,117.2 m2 of open space is also available.  

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Dhangadi  Airport, Kailai –Domestic 

Name: Gautam Buddha International Airport, Bhairawaha 

Distance in km:  445 KM 

Truck Travel Time:  10-12 hrs 

Car Travel time:  9-10 hrs 

Nearest Port 

Name: Kanchanpur Custom office  

Distance in 5 km 

Truck Travel Time: 15-20 Minutes  

Car Travel time: 10 Minutes 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Name: Mahendranagar 

Distance in 5 km 

Truck Travel Time: 15-20 Minutes  

Car Travel time: 10Minutes 

Other Information 

 

Kolkota is the nearest sea port in India side to import and export third country goods 1,290 KM away from Mahendranagar takes 26 Hours travel time.  

 

The only one Integrated check post with the port facility is available only in Birgunj- Bara in Nepal, which is 680 KM away from Dhangadi-Kailali takes 15 hour travel time.  

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

07:00 HOURS   

06:00 AM to 8:00 AM 

10:00 AM to 12:00 AM  

14:00 PM to 16:00 PM  

18:00 PM to 19: 00 PM  

Tuesdays 

07:00 HOURS   

06:00 AM to 8:00 AM 

10:00 AM to 12:00 AM  

14:00 PM to 16:00 PM  

18:00 PM to 19: 00 PM  

Wednesdays 

07:00 HOURS   

06:00 AM to 8:00 AM 

10:00 AM to 12:00 AM  

14:00 PM to 16:00 PM  

18:00 PM to 19: 00 PM  

Thursdays 

07:00 HOURS   

06:00 AM to 8:00 AM 

10:00 AM to 12:00 AM  

14:00 PM to 16:00 PM  

18:00 PM to 19: 00 PM  

Fridays 

07:00 HOURS   

06:00 AM to 8:00 AM 

10:00 AM to 12:00 AM  

14:00 PM to 16:00 PM  

18:00 PM to 19: 00 PM  

Saturdays 

07:00 HOURS   

06:00 AM to 8:00 AM 

10:00 AM to 12:00 AM  

14:00 PM to 16:00 PM  

18:00 PM to 19: 00 PM  

Sundays 

07:00 HOURS   

06:00 AM to 8:00 AM 

10:00 AM to 12:00 AM  

14:00 PM to 16:00 PM  

18:00 PM to 19: 00 PM  

National Holidays 

 

N/A 

Seasonal Constraints  

Flood in Mahakali river during July and August  

 

Daily Capacity 

Daily capacity of the customs office is 100 to 200 trucks per day. The bridge over the Mahakali River on the India side (Banabassa) is dilapidated and allows only 10 MT vehicle maximum.   

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance. 

  • D & T Exemption Certificate  

  • Invoice 

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates 

  • Packing list 

  • Letter of credit 

  • Certificate of origin 

  • Certificate of insurance 

  • Bill of Lading / Airway Bill 

  • Industry Registration Certificates 

  • Permanent Account Number (with VAT Registration and Income Tax Registration if not exempt) 

For more information on customs in Mahendranagar-Kanchanpur, Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Other Relevant Information 

The delays at Border Posts can be extensive – from 2 days to a week long but Integrated check post (ICP) in Birgunj takes shorter days than a main custom office. ASYCUDA (Automatic System in Customs Data) was implemented in this office from the fiscal year 2013/014. Passengers' bags are being checked with X-ray machines. Temporary import and travel baggage of vehicles have been collected from the customs gate as per the customs duty approved rules and regulations. The tariff of other commercial goods has been collected from the office after customs clearance as per the approved rules. 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.7 Minor Border Crossing - Darchula/Mahakali

Overview 

The Darchula customs office is located at Khalanga of Darchula district in Sudurpashchim Province. It lies on the western border –between India and Nepal. There is a parallel road on the Nepal and India side, but the roads are not connected across the Mahakali River and hence, inaccessible for vehicles. A suspension bridge for pedestrians is the only means to cross this border between Nepal and India.  

 

Mahakali-Darchula is a minor border crossing, not rated among the main 23 border crossing points in terms of import share. Therefore, this crossing point is not recommended for cargo import & export. 

There is an Animal quarantine, but Food and Plant quarantine is not available in Darchula.  

image-20240517094154-1

Picture: Boarding crossing –Mahakali, Darchula (Sudurpashchim) 

 

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

 

Nepal: Darchula  
India: Dharchula  

Province or District 

Sudurpaschim Province in Nepal  

Uttarakhand, India 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Mahakali Municipality in Nepal  

Distance 0.2 km  

Pithauragad in India  

Distance 91 km  

Latitude 

29.80148 

Longitude 

80.46415 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Government of Nepal-Ministry of finance Department of CustomDarchula Customs Office  

Contact Person 

Mr. Shiva Chandra Prasad 

Office No: 9858783030 

 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Name: Gautam Buddha International Airport, Bhairahawa 

Distance in km:  705 KM 

Truck Travel Time:  20-22 hrs 

Car Travel time:  18-20 hrs 

Nearest Port 

Name: Purano bazar Darchula  

Distance in 0.2 km 

Truck Travel Time: 5 Minutes  

Car Travel time: 2 Minutes 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Name: Purano bazar Darchula  

Distance is 0.2 km 

Truck Travel Time: 5 Minutes  

Car Travel time: 2 Minutes 

Other Information 

 

Kolkota is the nearest seaport in India side to import and export third country goods 1,640 KM away from Darchula takes 35-40 Hours travel time.  

 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

 

 

0615 hours to 1915 hours Summer 

0615 hours to 1815 hours Winter 

Tuesdays 

 

0615 hours to 1915 hours Summer 

0615 hours to 1815 hours Winter 

Wednesdays 

 

0615 hours to 1915 hours Summer 

0615 hours to 1815 hours Winter 

Thursdays 

 

0615 hours to 1915 hours Summer 

0615 hours to 1815 hours Winter 

Fridays 

 

0615 hours to 1915 hours Summer 

0615 hours to 1815 hours Winter 

Saturdays 

 

0615 hours to 1915 hours Summer 

0615 hours to 1815 hours Winter 

Sundays 

 

0615 hours to 1915 hours Summer 

0615 hours to 1815 hours Winter 

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies.  

Seasonal Constraints  

Flood in Mahakali River during July and August  

 

Note: The hours of operations for summer and winter are decided upon mutual agreement between the customs and security officials of both countries. 

Daily Capacity 

The Mahakali Road is usually not congested with traffic and is also in good condition (operates 12 months in a year). However, the road is single lane. Approximately 500m near the Nepal-India border the road is not black-topped given that the suspension bridge is only for pedestrian purposes, porters are required to transport goods. The nearest Indian city is Pithauragadh (91km) and takes approximately 2 hours by vehicle.  

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance. 

  • D & T Exemption Certificate  

  • Invoice 

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates 

  • Packing list 

  • Letter of credit 

  • Certificate of origin 

  • Certificate of insurance 

  • Bill of Lading / Airway Bill 

  • Industry Registration Certificates 

  • Permanent Account Number (with VAT Registration and Income Tax Registration if not exempt) 

For more information on customs in Darchula, Sudurpashchim,Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Other Relevant Information 

The delays at Border Posts can be extensive – from 2 days to a weeklong. This is not an appropriate crossing border point to import and export goods in huge volume.  

 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.8 Minor Border Crossing - Mahakali-Jhulaghat

Overview 

The Mahakali Customs office is the main customs office under the Department of Customs of Nepal for Sudurpashchim province. The office manages the custom related activities of 6 other sub-customs offices in the region. The Mahakali River separates the border between Nepal and India. Both Nepal and India have parallel road on each side of the border, but the roads are not connected and hence this border crossing is inaccessible for vehicles. A small suspension bridge for pedestrians only links the two countries. 

Mahakali-Jhulaghat is a minor border crossing, not rated among the main 23 border crossing points in terms of import share. Therefore, this crossing point is not recommended for cargo import & export. 

  

image-20240517094416-1

Picture: Border Crossing in Jhulaghat, Baitadi in between Nepal-India 

 

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Mahakali   
India: Jhulaghat  

Province or District 

Sudurpaschim Province in Nepal  

Uttarakhand, India 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Dashrathchand Municipality-Khalanga-Baitadi in Nepal  

Distance 17 km  

Pithauragad in India  

Distance 36 km  

Latitude 

29.80144 

Longitude 

80.46421 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Government of Nepal-Ministry of finance Department of Custom-Mahakali-Jhulaghat Custom Office  

Contact Person 

 

Mr. Anil Jha 
Office No: 9858776506 

Email: mahakali@customs.gov.np 

 

 

The customs office has two small rooms used as warehouses measuring 12 ft x 15 ft  each and an open space area of 7587 m2  available. 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Name: Gautam Buddha International Airport, Bhairawaha  

Distance in km:  618 KM 

Truck Travel Time:  16 – 18 hrs 

Car Travel time:  15 hrs 

Nearest Port 

Name: Dashrathchand Municipality-Khalanga Baitadi  

Distance is 17 km 

Truck Travel Time: 45 Minutes  

Car Travel time: 30 Minutes 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Name: Dashrathchand Municipality-Khalanga Baitadi  

Distance is 17 km 

Truck Travel Time: 45 Minutes  

Car Travel time: 30 Minutes 

Other Information 

 

Kolkota is the nearest seaport in India side to import and export third country goods 1,478 KM away from Jhulaghat -Mahakali takes 30-32 Hours travel time.  

 

The only one Integrated check post with the port facility is available only in Birgunj- Bara in Nepal, which is 835 KM away from Jhulaghat takes around 20 hour travel time.  

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

 

07:00 AM to 07:00 PM 

Tuesdays 

 

07:00 AM to 07:00 PM 

Wednesdays 

 

07:00 AM to 07:00 PM 

Thursdays 

 

07:00 AM to 07:00 PM 

Fridays 

 

07:00 AM to 07:00 PM 

Saturdays 

 

07:00 AM to 07:00 PM 

Sundays 

 

07:00 AM to 07:00 PM 

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies.  

 

Seasonal Constraints  

Flood in Mahakali River during July and August  

Daily Capacity 

The bridge over the Mahakali River is a small suspension bridge and serves only as a pedestrian bridge.  The nearest Indian city close to this border is Pithauragad, which is 36 KM away from Jhulaghat and takes one and half-hour by vehicle.  

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance. 

  • D & T Exemption Certificate  

  • Invoice 

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates 

  • Packing list 

  • Letter of credit 

  • Certificate of origin 

  • Certificate of insurance 

  • Bill of Lading / Airway Bill 

  • Industry Registration Certificates 

  • Permanent Account Number (with VAT Registration and Income Tax Registration if not exempt) 

For more information on customs in Jhulaghat-Baitadi, Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Other Relevant Information 

In Nepal side, There is a Feeder road F-50 at Jhulaghat, which is connected with Mahakali Highway at Satbanjh, at 37 kilometres (23 mi) of distance. jhulaghat is the end point of Mid-Hills Highway of Nepal which starts at Chiyo Bhanjyang. Chiyo Bhanjyang is a border point between Koshi Province (Nepal) and Sikkim (India). The Mid-Hill highway runs. 1,776 KM through Mid hills of Nepal. The delays at Border Posts can be extensive – from 2 days to a weeklong. This is not an appropriate crossing border point to import and export goods.  

 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

Nepal - 2.3.9 Minor Border Crossing - Dhanusha/Janakpur

Overview 

Janakpur Customs office in Janakpur, Dhanusha is situated in the heart of Janakpur city,14 km away from the nearest land border with India. Border crossing is officially known Customs office or Custom check post in Nepal. Under this Customs Office, there are 8 sub-offices (Lagma-Jatahi, Einrwa, Bhadaria, Khajuri-Mahuwa, Khajuri-Station, Mahinathpur, Vaidehi, Kathal, and 3 out of 8 (Lagma-Jatahi, Einrwa, Bhadaria) are working. Along with the operation of railway service from Jayanagar in India to Janakpur in Nepal, it is proposed to upgrade the Enrwa Chhoti customs office and make it the main customs office. At present, the work of the main customs office is being conducted from Lagma-Jatahi Chhoti customs office. 

Janakpur is a minor border crossing, rated no.17 of 27 border crossings in terms import share, 0.08% of total country import share value during Mid-July 2022-Mid July 2023. 

   

​​image-20240517094649-1​ 

​​Aerial View of Janakpur Customs Office.​ 

​​​ 

​​Border Crossing Location and Contact​ 

​​Name of Border Crossing​ 

​​​ 

​​​ 

Nepal: Janakpur Custom office 

India: Bhitthamode 

​​Province or District​ 

Madhesh Province 

​​Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing​ 

In the City, Janakpur   

Distance: 1.5 km 

​​Latitude​ 

26.6422797 

​​Longitude​ 

85.8925652 

​​Managing Authority / Agency​ 

Department of Customs 

​​Contact Person​ 

Mr. Rajendra Basnet 

Janakpur Customs Office 

Janakpur Municipality Ward No. 1, Station Road, Dhanusha 

Tel : 041-520166 

Email : janakpur@customs.gov.np 

Official Mob: 9854029589 

​​​ 

​​Travel Times​ 

​​Nearest International Airport​ 

Tribhuvan International Airport 

220 KM via B.P. highway 

Truck Travel Time: 10 hrs 

Car Travel time: 6 hrs 

Darbhanga Airport, Bihar, India 

Distance: 80 km 

Truck Travel Time:  3 hrs 

Car Travel Time: 2 hrs 

Nearest Port 

Jaleswar Custom Office Mahottari 
Distance: 18 km 

Truck Travel Time: 0:45 hrs 

Car Travel time: 0:30 hrs 

​​Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity​ 

Janakpur City is at a distance of 110 mtr only and is the biggest market in India and has railway access. 

Distance: 34 km 

Truck Travel Time: 2hrs. 

Car Travel time: 1:10 hrs. 

Other Information 

 

Janakpur Railway Station is in the distance of 110m   

​​​ 

​​Hours of Operation​ 

Mondays 

6:00 am to 11:00pm 

Tuesdays 

6:00 am to 11:00pm 

Wednesdays 

6:00 am to 11:00pm 

Thursdays 

6:00 am to 11:00pm 

Fridays 

6:00 am to 11:00pm 

Saturdays 

6:00 am to 11:00pm 

Sundays 

6:00 am to 11:00pm 

​​National Holidays​ 

​​​ 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival, 3 days for Tihar, 1 day for Chhat pooja and 1 day Holi) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. The Customs office is closed on Jesth 15 (28 or 29 April every year) on account of New Fiscal Budget Announcement Day. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies  

​​Seasonal Constraints ​ 

Rainy Seasons Due to Flood Inundation, Also the custom is right in the heart of the city thus the movement of vehicles leads to traffic congestion. 

 

Daily Capacity 

Private cars are not provided the separate lane. Railway cargo train is not operational therefore this customs office not busy in customs services. The road is double lane; lane for incoming vehicle and an adjacent lane for outgoing vehicles.  

4-5 trucks daily. 

 

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance.  

  • D & T Exemption Certificate   

  • Performa invoice 

  • Invoice  

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates  

  • Packing list  

  • Letter of credit  

  • Mode of payments (LC/TT/Draft) 

  • Certificate of origin  

  • Certificate of insurance  

  • Bill of Lading/Airway Bill for 3rd country imports 

  • Industry Registration Certificates  

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods. 

  • Bill of Entry from Indian Customs Office 

  • Exit Note 

  • VCTS 

  • Recommendation letter 

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 (FY- 2023/024) 

  • GST Bill 

 

Other Relevant Information 

The entry point of Jayanagar- Janakpur is also at the customs point. Track upgrading and improving is ongoing. Since Janakpur custom office is 18 km away from the border, the sub customs office at Lagmajatahi acts as a major entry point for the goods.  

 

Nepal - 2.3.10 Minor Border Crossing - Mahottari/Jaleshwor 

Overview 

Jaleshwor Customs office in Mahottari district oversees six sub-customs/entry points in the district. Jaleshwor customs Office, Maliwara border crossing, rated no.12 of 27  border crossings in terms of import share, 0.52% of total country import share value of mid-July 2022 -Mid-July 2023. 
Ref: Barsik Pragati Bibaran 2079-80 Final file for WEB.pdf (customs.gov.np) 

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Jaleswar 

India: Bhitamore (Sursand) 

Province or District 

Madhesh Province, Mahottari 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Jaleshwor, 4 km NE 

Latitude 

26.6325086 

Longitude 

85.7713174 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Department of Customs 

Contact Person 

Amit Paudel 

Chief Custom Officer 

Official M: 9854030815 

​​     ​ 

​​Travel Times​ 

​​Nearest International Airport​ 

Tribhuvan International Airport 

232 km 

Truck Travel Time:  6:30 hrs 

Car Travel time:  6 hrs  

​​Nearest Port​ 

Birgunj Dry Port, Nepal 

Distance: 163 Km 

Truck Travel Time: 4:30 hrs 

Car Travel Time: 3:35 min 

​​Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity​ 

Nepal: Jaleshowar 

India: Sursan, Sitamodi, 36 Km 

Truck Travel Time: 2:15 mins 

Car Travel time: 1 hour  

​​Other Information​ 

​​​ 

 4 lane Jaleshwor Road to Janakpur is operational. The main objective of this road is to connect the capital city, Kathmandu with the Eastern Terai and hence linking to neighbouring cities in India. 

​​​ 

​​Hours of Operation​ 

​​Weekdays​ 

7:00 am – 8:00 pm for truck and 8:00- 17:00 for passengers 

​​National Holidays​ 

​​​ 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival, 3 days for Tihar, 1 day for Chhat pooja and Holi-1day) and up to another 7 days/year at the Government’s discretion. The Customs service and procedure is closed on Jestha 15 (28 or 29 April every year) on account of the New Fiscal Budget Announcement but the services for passengers and immigration remain to continue. 
Note: Will open 24/7 for emergencies.  

​​Seasonal Constraints ​ 

Rainy Seasons Due to Flood Inundation.  

Daily Capacity 

  • Private cars are not provided a separate lane.  

  • Passenger Clearance: 5000 passengers on average. 

  • Trucks Clearance: 60-70 trucks daily. 

  • Clearing hour: 1-2 hour. 

  • Infrastructure: Goods shed- 1, Weighing bridge- 2 with 1& 80 mt capacity. 

  • Food and Plant Quarantines are available. 

  • No of Yard: 2. 

  • Parking Area: 4680 m2, -Truck Parking capacity: 50 trucks. 

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance.   

  • D & T Exemption Certificate   

  • Performa invoice 

  • Invoice  

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates  

  • Packing list  

  • Letter of credit  

  • Mode of payments (IC/TT/Draft) 

  • Certificate of origin  

  • Certificate of insurance  

  • Bill of Lading/Airway Bill for 3rd country imports 

  • Industry Registration Certificates  

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods. 

  • Bill of Entry from Indian Customs Office 

  • Exit Note 

  • VCTS 

  • Recommendation letter 

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 (FY- 2023/024) 

  • GST Bill 

 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Other Relevant Information 

This border point is proposed to expand to ICP and is in the process of expansion. 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

Pictures 

 

image-20240517094834-2

 Parking Yard 

 

 

image-20240517094824-1

Jaleshwor Customs Office Entrance 

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.11 Minor Border Crossing - Rautahat/Gaur

Overview 

Gaur Customs is the main customs office in the Rautahat district. Gaur is a minor border crossing, rated no.7 of 27 border crossings in terms of import share, 0.07% of the total country import share value during July 2022 - June 2023. Besides the Gaur customs office, there are 5 other entry points in the district; Bangkul, Brahmapuri, Aurahiya, Rampur Khap, and Mathiya, which are even smaller and not listed separately in the Nepal customs statistics.  

 

​​image-20240517095132-1​ 

​​Aerial View of Gaur Customs Office.​ 

​​​ 

​​Border Crossing Location and Contact​ 

​​Name of Border Crossing​ 

​​​ 

Nepal: Gaur 
India: Bairgania 

​​Province or District​ 

Madhesh Province, Rautahat 

​​Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing​ 

Gaur 1 km N 

​​Latitude​ 

26.756107439  

​​Longitude​ 

85.276012108  

​​Managing Authority / Agency​ 

Department of Customs 

​​Contact Person​ 

Amindra Shingh  

Gaur Customs Office 

Gaur Municipality Ward No. 2 , Rautahat 

Tel: 055-520110, 9855044220 

E-mail: gaur@customs.gov.np, rajankafle979@gmail.com 

​​​ 

​​Travel Times​ 

​​Nearest International Airport​ 

Tribhuvan International Airport 

197 KM 

Truck Travel Time: 10 hrs 

Car Travel time: 6 hrs 

​​Nearest Port​ 

Sirsiya Dry Port, Birgunj 

64.5 Km 

Truck Travel Time: 3  hrs 

Car Travel time: 1:45  

Darbhanga Airport, Bihar, India 

Distance: 122 Km 

Truck Travel Time: 5 hrs 

Car Travel Time: 3 hr 50 Min 

​​Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity​ 

Gaur, Chandranigahapur, Jaleswar, Birgunj   

Truck Travel Time:   - 1 – 2 hrs 

Car Travel time:  1 hr 

Bairgirniya, Bihar, India 

Distance: 5 km 

Truck Travel Time: 30 min 

Car Travel Time: 17 min 

​​Other Information​ 

​​​ 

Voter card, Aadhar Card and PAN card are the required document for Indian to cross the border. Certain restrictions are enforced on many edible and electronic products, and they are properly checked before allowing them to cross 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

6:00 am to 9:00 pm 

For Passenger 6:00 am to 5:00 pm. 

 

Tuesdays 

6:00 am to 9:00 pm 

For Passenger 6:00 am to 5:00 pm. 

Wednesdays 

6:00 am to 9:00 pm 

For Passenger 6:00 am to 5:00 pm. 

Thursdays 

6:00 am to 9:00 pm 

For Passenger 6:00 am to 5:00 pm. 

Fridays 

6:00 am to 9:00 pm 

For Passenger 6:00 am to 5:00 pm. 

Saturdays 

6:00 am to 9:00 pm 

For Passenger 6:00 am to 5:00 pm. 

Sundays 

6:00 am to 9:00 pm 

For Passenger 6:00 am to 5:00 pm. 

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival, 3 days for Tihar, 1 day for Chhat pooja and Holi-1) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. The Customs procedure is closed on Jestha 15 (28 or 29 April every year) on account of New Fiscal Budget Announcement but the services for passenger and immigration remains continue. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies  

Seasonal Constraints  

Rainy Seasons Due to Flood Inundation 

 

Daily Capacity 

Private cars are not provided the separate lane. The road is double-lane; lane for incoming vehicle and an adjacent lane for outgoing vehicles. Daily 10 to 12 trucks passes through this checkpoint.  

 

The parking area is under construction in a 2675.61 Sqm area.  

Quarantine- 1 Animal quarantine 

A weighing bridge is not available. 

 

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance.  

  • D & T Exemption Certificate   

  • Performa invoice 

  • Invoice  

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates  

  • Packing list  

  • Letter of credit  

  • Mode of payments (LC/TT/Draft) 

  • Certificate of origin  

  • Certificate of insurance  

  • Bill of Lading/Airway Bill for 3rd country imports 

  • Industry Registration Certificates  

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods. 

  • Bill of Entry from Indian Customs Office 

  • Exit Note 

  • VCTS 

  • Recommendation letter 

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 (FY- 2023/024) 

  • GST Bill 

 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

 

Other Relevant Information 

There is no parking space or yard for the trucks withheld for further inspection purposes. There are no warehouses, but 4 small rooms are present for storage purposes. Road condition to the border crossing point from India is double lane and is in good condition also the road leading away from the border point into the country is double lane and is blacktopped. The main import goods from this border point are mainly raw sugar, coal, marble tiles, clothes, and fancy goods items and export goods are PVC pipes. 

 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

Nepal - 2.3.12 Minor Border Crossing - Saptari/ Rajbiraj

Overview 

Rajbiraj Customs Office located in Tilathi Koiladi Rural Municipality of Saptari district is one of the minor border crossings between Nepal and India. These minor crossings play a crucial role in facilitating trade, movement of people, and cultural exchanges between the two neighbouring countries. Despite being a minor border crossing, it holds significance for the local communities on both sides of the border. It facilitates cross-border trade, contributing to economic activities in the region.  

The Rajbiraj Customs Office has seven sub-customs offices which are Belhi, Kushaha Pato, Gobindapur, Kodarkatti, Banainiya, Hanuman nagar and Swarnapatti. Among the seven sub-customs office, four are close and only Belh, Kushaha Pato and Gobindapur are functional. 

 

Border crossing is officially known Customs office or Customs check post in Nepal. The border town of this customs office is Kunauli Bazar in Supaul district of Bihar state, India. The land customs office of India is about 1 km from this customs office. There is a small river called Khado Khola/Jita that separates this customs office from Kunauli town in India. Rajbiraj is a minor border crossing, rated no.17 of 27 border crossings in terms import share, 0.01% of total country import share value during 2022/23

 

 

image-20240517095443-1

Aerial View of Rajbiraj Customs Office. 

​​​ 

​​Border Crossing Location and Contact​ 

​​Name of Border Crossing​ 

​​​ 

Nepal: Rajbiraj  
India: Kunauli  

​​Province or District​ 

Madhesh Province, Saptari District  

​​Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing​ 

Rajbiraj 11.6 KM North  

​​Latitude​ 

26.4561923,  

​​Longitude​ 

86.7775198  

​​Managing Authority / Agency​ 

Department of Customs 

​​Contact Person​ 

Mr.  Shatya Narayan Shingh 

Rajbiraj Customs Office 

Belahi, Saptari 

Official Mob: 9852821466 

E-mail: rajbiraj@customs.gov.np 

​​​ 

​​Travel Times​ 

​​Nearest International Airport​ 

Durbhanga, Bihar, 

India (Follow NH 27 to Bhawanipur - Pratapganj Rd/SH 91 in Bhimpur 

Tribhuvan International Airport 

302 km 

Truck Travel Time: 12-13 hrs 

Car Travel time: 8:24 hrs 

​​Nearest Port​ 

Biratnagar Customs Office 

82 KM 

Truck Travel Time: 5-6 hrs 

Car Travel time: 2.5 hrs 

Sunsari Customs Office 

22 KM 

Truck Travel Time: 2 hrs 

Car Travel time:  0:40 hrs 

​​Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity​ 

Rajbiraj City 

8 km 

Truck Travel Time: 1 hr 

Car Travel time:  30 mins 

Niramali Market 

Bihar 

Other Information 

 

No goods are exported to India from this customs office. 

Sunday is closed due to the weekend in the Indian Customs Office. 

​​​ 

​​Hours of Operation​ 

​​Weekdays​ 

Trucks/Goods 10:00 am to 18:00pm 

 

​​National Holidays​ 

​​​ 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival, Chhath- 1 day and Holi Festival- 1 day) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion.   
Note: Customs clearance services remain continue for 24/7 in times of emergencies. 

Customs procedure is closed on 15 Jestha (on 28 or 29th April of the year) on account of New Fiscal Budget Announcement where the tariff may change for the coming up fiscal year of the country. 

Note: Customs remains open 24 /7 for emergencies  

​​Seasonal Constraints ​ 

Rainy Seasons due to Flood Inundation. Tilathi Koiladi may face challenges related to infrastructure development, customs procedures, and security. Efforts are continually made by both Nepal and India to address these issues and enhance the efficiency of cross-border operations. 

Daily Capacity 

Private cars are not provided a separate lane. The road is a double lane; a lane for incoming vehicles and an adjacent lane for outgoing vehicles.  

 

Daily Capacity: 

Trucks 30 to 40 trucks per day 

Operating hours can be extended from 6:00 to 22:00 for exceptionally high truck traffic if required. 

Average clearing time: 2:30 hrs 

There is no backlog. 

 

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance.  

  • D & T Exemption Certificate   

  • Performa invoice 

  • Invoice  

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates  

  • Packing list  

  • Letter of credit  

  • Mode of payments (LC/TT/Draft) 

  • Certificate of origin  

  • Certificate of insurance  

  • Bill of Lading / Airway Bill for 3rd country imports. 

  • Industry Registration Certificates  

  • EXIM Code is compulsion. 

  • Bill of Entry from Indian Customs Office 

  • GST Bill 

  • Exit Note 

  • VCTS 

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 (FY- 2023/024) 

For more information on customs in COUNTRY NAME, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Other Relevant Information 

Major imported goods through this custom are clothes, motor parts, cosmetic goods, and household goods. One needs to cross the border town where the border army checks all the visitors at the checkpoint. For Indian nationals can get permission based on a Voter card, Adhaar card, or PAN card. Security is provided by Tilathi Koiladi BoP of APF in this customs office location. For banking purposes, Prabhu Bank Ltd is in operation in its location area. 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.13 Minor Border Crossing - Sarlahi/Malangawa

​​Customs Office Overview​ 

Sarlahi Customs Office is at Malangwa Municipality-8 and oversees 7 entry points (Sangrampur, Parsa, Tribhuvanngar, Bhadsar, Fenha, Bara, and Balara Sub-custom Office, except Balara Sub-custom office, other six are closed) in the district. Sarlahi is a minor border crossing,  0.14%  of total country import share value as of the statistics of 2022/23.  

 

​​image-20240517095638-1​ 

​​Aerial View of Sarlahi Customs Office.​ 

​​​ 

​​Border Crossing Location and Contact​ 

Name of Border Crossing 

​​​ 

Nepal: Malangawa / Sarlahi  
India: Sonbarsa 

Province or District 

Madhesh Province , Sarlahi 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Malangwa 2  km N 

Latitude 

 26.8522745 

Longitude 

 85.5595633 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Department of Customs  

Contact Person 

Mr. Naresh Shah (Custom Officer) 

Sarlahi Custom Office 

Tel: 046-520154 

Mob: 9854030125 

Email.:sarlahi@customs.gov.np 

Official Mob:9854042144 

​​​ 

​​Travel Times​ 

Nearest International Airport 

Tribhuvan International Airport 

206   KM 

Truck Travel Time: 11 hrs 

Car Travel time: 6:35 hrs  

Nearest Port 

Sirsiya Dry Port 

118  Km 

Truck Travel Time: 5-6 hrs 

Car Travel time: 3 hrs 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Malangwa  2  KM 

Truck Travel Time: 4 hrs  mins 

Car Travel time: 2:34  mins 

Other Information 

​​​ 

Bank facilities within the office premises for revenue filing, office for export and import at a distance of 1 km, animal quarantine, plant quarantine office and food quarantine 40 km at Jaleshwar. 

​​​ 

​​Hours of Operation​ 

Weekdays 

6:00 am to 11:00 pm 

National Holidays 

​​​ 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival, 3 days for Tihar, 1 day for Chhat pooja and 1 day Holi) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. The Customs office is closed on Jesth 15 (28 or 29 April every year) on account of New Fiscal Budget Announcement day. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies  

Seasonal Constraints  

Rainy Seasons Due to Flood Inundation.  

 

Daily Capacity 

Private cars are not provided the separate lane. The road is double lane; lane for incoming vehicle and an adjacent lane for outgoing vehicles.  

Customs Clearance 

 Compulsory Document for custom clearance.   

  • D & T Exemption Certificate   

  • Performa invoice 

  • Invoice  

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates  

  • Packing list  

  • Letter of credit  

  • Mode of payments ( LC/TT/Draft) 

  • Certificate of origin  

  • Certificate of insurance  

  • Bill of Lading/Airway Bill for 3rd country imports 

  • Industry Registration Certificates  

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods. 

  • Bill of Entry From Indian Customs Office 

  • Exit Note 

  • VCTS 

  • Recommendation letter 

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 ( FY- 2023/024) 

  • GST Bill 

 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

Nepal - 2.3.14 Minor Border Crossing - Siraha/Khairatoka

Overview 

Siraha is a minor border crossing, rated no.21 of 27 border crossings in terms import share, 0.02% of total country import share value during Mid July 2022 - Mid July 2023.  Bariyarpatti, Lagadigadayani (Sikhjyoti), and Aurahi are other sub-customs office or entry points of the district, which are even smaller and not listed separately in the Nepal customs statistics. 

​​image-20240517095828-1​ 

​​Aerial View of Siraha Customs Office.​ 

​​​ 

​​Border Crossing Location and Contact​ 

​​Name of Border Crossing​ 

​​​ 

 

Nepal: Khairatoka / Siraha 
India: Madar / Bihar  

 

​​Province or District​ 

Madhesh Province, Siraha District  

​​Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing​ 

6 km north, Siraha Municipality   

​​Latitude​ 

 26.6185915 

​​Longitude​ 

 86.1751599 

​​Managing Authority / Agency​ 

​​Department of Customs​ 

​​Contact Person​ 

Mr. Shree Ramraj Prasad Chaurasiya 

Custom Officer. 

Siraha Customs Office, Siraha Municipality  

Madar VDC Ward No. 17  Khairatoka , Siraha 

 033-400022 

Official Mob: 9852834622 

E-mail: siraha@customs.gov.np 

​​​ 

​​​ 

​​Travel Times​ 

​​Nearest International Airport​ 

Tribhuvan International Airport 

259 km via Bardbas 

Truck Travel Time: 11 hrs 

Car Travel time: 6.5 hrs 

​​Nearest Port​ 

Janakpur  Customs Office 

 89 KM 

Truck Travel Time: 6-7 hrs 

Car Travel time: 3 hrs 

​​Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity​ 

Siraha Municipality : 6 Km Truck Travel Time: .25  hrs 

Car Travel time: 15  mins 

​​Other Information​ 

​​​ 

Madar Petrol Pump is on the way to Siraha Municipality Other Closest market area: and Golbazar, Lahan, Ramnagar Mirchaiya, 

​​​ 

​​Hours of Operation​ 

​​Weekdays​ 

6:00am to 11:00pm 

​​National Holidays​ 

​​​ 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival, 3 days for Tihar, 1 day for Chhat pooja and 1 day Holi) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. The Customs service is closed on Jesth 15 (28 or 29 April every year) on account of New Fiscal Budget Announcement but passenger checking, and immigration service remains continue. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies  

​​Seasonal Constraints ​ 

Rainy Seasons Due to Flood Inundation 

 

Daily Capacity 

Private cars are not provided a separate lane. The road is double lane; a lane for incoming vehicles and an adjacent lane for outgoing vehicles. There is no dedicated parking space or yard for holding vehicles. They have to parked on the road.   

Clearance hours: 2:30 hrs 

Daily Average Capacity: 20 trucks  

 

Customs Clearance 

  • D & T Exemption Certificate   

  • Performa invoice 

  • Invoice  

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates  

  • Packing list  

  • Letter of credit  

  • Mode of payments (LC/TT/Draft) 

  • Certificate of origin  

  • Certificate of insurance  

  • Bill of Lading/Airway Bill for 3rd country imports 

  • Industry Registration Certificates  

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods. 

  • Bill of Entry from Indian Customs Office 

  • Exit Note 

  • VCTS 

  • Recommendation letter 

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 (FY- 2023/024) 

  • GST Bill 

  •  

 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.15 Major Border Crossing of Nepalgung / Rupaidiha

Overview 

Nepalgunj is the 16th largest border crossing point, with 4.2% share of total import value (ref: Dept of Customs, 2022/23). The main goods imported through this border crossing point are petroleum products such as diesel, petrol, LP Gas, automobiles and automobile parts, sugar, rice, coal, cloths, aluminium scrap items, copper scrap, and processed plastic for industrial use. The main goods exported are herbal medicines and buffalo meat.​ Kolkata is the nearest India seaport for this entry point. The entry point on the Indian side is Rupadiya, Bahraich district, Uttar Pradesh.​ ​​​  

An ICP (Integrated Check Point) is under construction at Nepalgunj that will house customs office, bank, animal quarantine, plant quarantine, food technology and quality control necessary for customs clearance. It was scheduled to be completed by June 2023 but is delayed due to covid-19 and other factors. 

 

image-20240517100030-1

Aerial view of Border crossing at Nepalgunj-Rupaidiha 

​ 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

 
Nepal: Nepalgunj 
India: Rupaidiha, Nepalgunj Road 

Province or District 

Lumbini Province, Banke District 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Nepalgunj 

Latitude 

28.02278 

Longitude 

81.60031 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Nepalgunj Customs Office 

Contact Person 

Purna Prasad Lamsal 

Nepalgunj Sub-Metropolitan City Ward No. 16, Jaispur, Banke 

Tel: 081-412001/4 

Fax: 081-520276 

E-mail: nepalgunj@customs.gov.np 

 

 

Tikaram Adhikari (Information Officer) 

Immigration Office Jamunaha 

Jamunaha, Nepalgunj 

Tel: 081-412005 

Mobile:  9844880112 

jumanaha@nepalimmigration.gov.np 

 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Name: Gautam Buddha International Airport, Bhairawaha 

Distance in km: 2 kms NE of border-crossing is Nepalgunj domestic Airport. 

Truck Travel Time: hrs 

Car Travel time: hrs 

Nearest Port 

Name 

Distance in km 

Truck Travel Time: hrs 

Car Travel time: hrs 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Nepalgunj City is 5 kms N of the Border crossing. Rupaidiha town (India) has a market to south, next to the border. 

Other Information 

 

An Integrated Check Point (ICP) is under construction, customs and immigration offices will move to ICP premises; however the exact date of re-location is not yet confirmed by the authorities. 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

Trucks/Goods: 9:00 – 20:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

Tuesdays 

Trucks/Goods: 9:00 – 20:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

Wednesdays 

Trucks/Goods: 9:00 – 20:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

Thursdays 

Trucks/Goods: 9:00 – 20:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

Fridays 

Trucks/Goods: 9:00 – 20:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

Saturdays 

Trucks/Goods: 9:00 – 20:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 

Sundays 

Trucks/Goods: 9:00 – 20:00 
Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00 
Note: India Border closed on Sunday 

National Holidays 

 

Every third Saturday of the month as per Nepali calendar, and a  
Half Day work on public holidays. 
Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival) and up to another 7 days / year at government’s discretion. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies  

Seasonal Constraints  

Rainy Season due to water logging in the yards 

Summer season due to exposure of goods in high temperature.   

 

 

Daily Capacity 

  • Daily Average 100/150 trucks. 

  • Warehouse is temporary construct of Truss in the Yards 

  • Yard can accommodate 500 trucks. 

  • Yard is secured from all sides by concrete wall. 

Customs Clearance 

The establishment is more of a holding centre for transportations meaning goods are rarely unloaded and repackaged therefore yards are used to hold trucks during the process of clearance.  

For information on Nepal customs, please see the following link: 1.3 Nepal Customs Information   

For more information on government agency contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Nepal Government Contact List 

 

Nepal - 2.3.16 Land  Border Crossing of Pashupatinagar 

Overview 

Pashupatinagar is near Nepal's eastern border at Darjeeling District, West Bengal, India. There is a border crossing to Sukhiapokhari town with a Custom Checkpoint. Indian and Nepalese nationals cross without restriction.  Pashupatinagar is a mountain side market in the Ilam district of Nepal which is just 2 kilometers away from the borer of India on the Darjeeling Mirik road.  

 

The government opened an immigration office, a convenient India Nepal border crossing in the eastern hills of Nepal, here to facilitate the movement of tourists from India only to Pashupatinagar, Nepal. 

 

image-20240517122838-1

Pashupati Nagar  neighborhood of India is on the other side. Pashupatinagar border crossing is the minor crossing point to east of Nepal. 

image-20240517122838-2

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Pashupatinagar  

India: Sukhia Pokhari 

 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/ Ilam 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Pashupatinagar, Ilam 

Distance 2 kilometers away from the border of India on the Darjeeling Mirik Road.  

Latitude 

26.9487923 

Longitude 

88.1185345 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Pashupatinagar Custom Office, Ilam 

Contact: 027-550004 

Fax: 027-550004 

Email: pashupatinagar@customs.gov.np 

Contact Person 

Mr. Prawin Subba Limbu 

Custom Officer. 

Official Mob: 9852680304 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Baghdogra, India  
Distance: 65.9 km via Mirik Road/Rishi Rd India &  81.9 via Mechi Hwy/HO7, Nepal 
Truck: 2 hr 20 min/  
Car: 2 hr  

Nearest Port 

Name: Kakarvitta Dry port, Jhapa 

Distance: 60.5 in km 

Truck Travel Time: 1 hr 46 min 

Car Travel time: 1 hr 35 min 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Name: Mirik & Sukhiya Pokhari of Darjeeling, West Bengal, India 

Distance: 32.5 km 

Truck Travel Time: 1 hr 16 min 

Car Travel time: 1 hr 

Other Information 

 

 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 18:00  

Tuesdays 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 18:00  

Wednesdays 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 18:00  

Thursdays 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 18:00  

Fridays 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 18:00  

Saturdays 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 18:00  

Sundays 

Trucks/Goods: 10:00 – 18:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 18:00  

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. On 15th Jesth (28 or 29 April) the customs service is hold due to ASYCUDA system update on Budget Announcement for the New Fiscal year, 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies   

Seasonal Constraints  

Winter months, rainy season, etc. 

 

Daily Capacity 

No loaded trucks enter through this border crossing. Only Cars and Motorbike are allowed to cross the border point. On average, daily 150 cars and motorcycles cross the point. Due to no functional Indian customs, no import is undergoing through this border point. India has opened a check post only.  

 

As this border point used as for only immigration purposes. Vehicles and means of transport that are temporarily crosses from India to Nepal will be subject to customs duties as per the detailed scheduled below:  

 

Type of Vehicles 

Cost (in NPR) 

Motorcycles and scooters 

200 

Three-wheeled vehicle       

400 

Including tractor trailer 

500 

Cars, Jeep Vans, Minibuses, and other tourist vehicles 

600 

Trailor, trucks, and other vehicles 

1700 

Excavator, Dozer, Loader, Roller, JCB  and Crane used in construction work 

1700 

 

Customs Clearance 

No, goods are imported using this border point. 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.

 

Other Relevant Information 

Indian nationals can get the permission based on Voter card, Adhaar card or Pan card. While Nepali citizens requires citizenship Card, PAN Card, Driving Licence, Passport and other any documents which reflects Nepali Residence to enter India. It takes 5-10 minute for immigration if required document authentic. 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.17  Border Crossing of Bhadrapur, Jhapa 

Overview 

Bhadrapur Customs Office is located on the west side of Mechi River, Bhadrapur Municipality, Ward No. 7, Jhapa District, Koshi Province of Nepal. Bhadrapur Border Crossing is near Nepal's eastern border at Kishangunj District, Bihar, India. There is a border crossing to Galgalia town with a customs checkpoint. Indian and Nepalese nationals cross without restriction. This customs office has been operating as the main customs office since 2018. There are 5 small customs offices under this office, which include Pathamari, Panthapada, Gherwari, Kechna, and Jhapa Kumarkhod small customs offices. Out of which only Jhapa Kumarkhod Sub-Customs is currently in operation.  

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Bhadrapur  

India: Galgalia 

 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/Jhapa 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Town Name: Chandradagi Lekhnath Chowk, mani city, Nepal, 4 km distance away from it.  

Distance 1.4 km away from the Galgaliya, West Bengal border of India  

Latitude 

26.5415937 

Longitude 

88.0946423 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Bhadrapur Custom Office, Jhapa 

Contact: 023-523039 

Email:bhadrapur@customs.gov.np 

Contact Person 

Mr. Amit Tiwari 

Customs Officer 

Mob: 9852030559 

Official Mob: 9852620622 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Baghdogra, India  
Distance: 37 km via Naxalbari NH 327 Rd India &  38 via Mechi Hwy/HO7, Nepal 
Truck: 1 hr 20 min/  
Car: 40 min  

Nearest Port 

Name: Kakarvitta Dry port, Jhapa 

Distance: 20.7 km 

Truck Travel Time:  46 min 

Car Travel time:  35 min 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Name: Galgaliya Market, West Bengal, India & Kisangunj/Bihar, India 

Distance: 1.5 km 

Truck Travel Time: 16 min 

Car Travel time: 1 hr 

Other Information 

 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00 - 17:00 

Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00  

Tuesdays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00 - 17:00 

Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00  

Wednesdays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00 - 17:00 

Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00  

Thursdays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00 - 17:00 

Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00  

Fridays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00 - 17:00 

Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00  

Saturdays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00 - 17:00 

Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00  

Sundays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00 - 17:00 

Passengers: 06:00 – 22:00  

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain, Chhat-1 day and Holi- 1 day (Nepal national festival) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion. No any customs procedure is conducted on 15th Jestha (28 or 29 April) due to new tariff is announced through New Fiscal Budget of the year but immigration and passenger checking remains continue. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies   

Seasonal Constraints  

Winter months, rainy season, etc. 

 

Daily Capacity 

  • Trucks: 10- 20 per day. 

  • Parking capacity: 5 trucks only. Future planned of parking area for 200 trucks. 

  • Weighbridge of 200 kg (2) and 100 kg (1) 

  • Quarantine facility: Animal/Plant & Lab 

  • Warehouse- 1 with a capacity of 75 MT.  

 

image-20240517123245-1

Customs office premises of Bhadrapur,         Warehouse                                          Yard 

 

There is no export taking place through this point as there is no customs office at the India border point. There is only a check post in India. Vegetables, packaged tea, clothes, and raw materials of plywood factories are the main import items from this border point.   

 

Customs Clearance  

 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance.  

  • D & T Exemption Certificate   

  • Performa invoice 

  • Invoice  

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates  

  • Packing list  

  • Letter of credit  

  • Mode of payments (LC/TT/Draft) 

  • Certificate of origin  

  • Certificate of insurance  

  • Bill of Lading for import from 3rd country 

  • Industry Registration Certificates  

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods. 

  • Bill of Entry from the Indian Customs Office 

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 (FY- 2023/024) 

  • GST Bill 

  • Exit Note 

  • VCTS 

  • Recommendation letter 

 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.

Other Relevant Information 

There are three warehouses in this office, out of which one has been used for litigation purposes and two for other purposes. 

 

Nepal - 2.3.18 Border Crossing of Birgunj  

Overview 

image-20240517123518-1

 

Birgunj Customs is located in Birgunj Municipality, ward no 19, Inarwa. After the promulgation of the Customs Act in 2019 BS, the customs have been functioning as a modern custom having two functional branches, main office at Birgunj as Birgunj Office and another office in Birgunj ICP Customs Office at Alau. The customs office mainly imports vehicles and their spare parts, petroleum products, coal, iron rods, pipes, cement clinker, readymade garments, soft drink concentrates, industrial machinery and raw materials, feed supplements, sports shoes. Good including juice jam, khudo, aluminum rods, jamboth cloth, CR seat, handbag, iron sheet, hat and copper goods are being exported.  

 

There are 11 small customs offices under this customs office including Matiarwa, Sirsia, Piparpati, Simraungadh, Bhiswa Amritdhara (Thori), Avhi, Kacharwa, Alou, Gadhparsauni, and Janaki Tola. 

In terms of revenue, the Birgunj Customs Office has 1st position in collecting country's total customs revenue. 

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Birgunj  

India: Raxual  

Province or District 

Madhesh Province/ Parsa District 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Town Name: Birgunj Ghantaghar city, Nepal, 4 km distance away from it.  

 

Distance 2 km away from the Raxaul, Bihar border of India  

Latitude 

27.0168168 

Longitude 

84.8425888 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Birgunj Customs Office, Parsa 

Contact: 051-22220 

Fax:  

Email:birgunj@customs.gov.np 

Contact Person 

Mr. Dila Ram Panthi 

Customs Officer 

Mob:9841613228 

Office Mob:9855034634 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Raxaul Airport India  
Distance: 4 km via Krishna Market Rd India  
Truck:  30 hrs  
Car: 20 min  

Nearest Port 

Name: Birgunj Dry port, Jhapa 

Distance: 2 km 

Truck Travel Time:  8 Min 

Car Travel time:  5 hrs 

 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Name: Raxaul Market, Bihar, India 

Distance: 1.5 km 

Truck Travel Time: 16 min 

Car Travel time: 8 min 

Other Information 

 

4078 hector area, with 70 Rooms, weighing machine, 2 warehouses, link 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

Trucks/Goods: 6:00 – 22:00 

Tuesdays 

Trucks/Goods: 6:00 – 22:00 

Wednesdays 

Trucks/Goods: 6:00 – 22:00 

Thursdays 

Trucks/Goods: 6:00 – 22:00 

Fridays 

Trucks/Goods: 6:00 – 22:00 

Saturdays 

Trucks/Goods: 6:00 – 22:00 

Sundays 

Trucks/Goods: 6:00 – 22:00 

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain, Tihar-3 days, Chhat –1 day, Holi-1 day (Nepal national festival) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion and on 15 Jestha (28 or 29 April) Customs procedure is closed due to the new Fiscal Budget Announcement.  

Passengers checking and immigration procedure is not available at this point. 
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies   

Seasonal Constraints  

Rainy season 

 

Daily Capacity 

  • 500-600 trucks,  

  • Clearance hour: 2:30 hours (max.) 

 

image-20240517123518-2

Terminal Clearance Office, TRS Himalayan Logi Park (P) Ltd. 

 

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance.  

  • D & T Exemption Certificate   

  • Performa invoice 

  • Invoice  

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates  

  • Packing list  

  • Letter of credit  

  • Mode of payments ( LC/TT/Draft) 

  • Certificate of origin  

  • Certificate of insurance  

  • Bill of Lading for import from 3rd country 

  • Industry Registration Certificates  

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods. 

  • Bill of Entry From Indian Customs Office 

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 ( FY- 2023/024) 

  • GST Bill 

  • Exit Note 

  • VCTS 

  • Recommendation letter  

image-20240517123518-3

Customs inspection Building Area 

Potential delays or restrictions:  

  1. Congestion inside the yard and customs clearance processing time may cause delays. 

  1. Both unbearable heat in Terai and landslides in mountain, accidents along the highway and road construction work may cause delays in vehicle movement.  

  1. And Lab testing may delay the clearance process which needs time for new imported items through this customs only. 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.19 Minor Border Crossing Koilabas, Dang 

Overview 

Koilabas Border Crossing in the Dang district of Lumbini Province is one of the oldest trade centers between Nepal and India. This border point had lost its glory after the construction of the East – West Mahendra highway in the 1960s. This border point is expected to gain momentum after the provincial capital of Lumbini is shifted to Deukhuri. The Indian side has also opened a customs office in Jarwa. 

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Koilabas 
India: Jarwa 

Province or District 

Lumbini 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Lamahi 

33 KM 

Latitude 

27.689607 

Longitude 

82.525177 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Department of Customs 

Contact Person 

Deepak Sharma 

Phone: 9857851051 (Office number) 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Gautam Buddha International Airport, Bhairawaha 

Distance: 158 KM 

Truck Travel Time: 5 – 6 hours 

Car Travel time: 3.5 – 4 hours 

Nearest Port 

Kolkata 

Distance: 1006 Km 

Truck Travel Time: 28 – 30 hours 

Car Travel time: 24 – 26 hours 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Lamahi 

Distance: 33 KM 

Truck Travel Time: 1.5 – 2 hours 

Car Travel time: 1 hour 

Other Information 

 

N/A 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

0600 hrs to 2100 hrs Summer 

0700 hrs to 2100 hrs Winter 

Tuesdays 

0600 hrs to 2100 hrs Summer 

0700 hrs to 2100 hrs Winter 

Wednesdays 

0600 hrs to 2100 hrs Summer 

0700 hrs to 2100 hrs Winter 

Thursdays 

0600 hrs to 2100 hrs Summer 

0700 hrs to 2100 hrs Winter 

Fridays 

0600 hrs to 2100 hrs Summer 

0700 hrs to 2100 hrs Winter 

Saturdays 

0600 hrs to 2100 hrs Summer 

0700 hrs to 2100 hrs Winter 

Sundays 

0600 hrs to 2100 hrs Summer 

0700 hrs to 2100 hrs Winter 

National Holidays 

 

3 days during Dashain holidays (in between Sep – Oct) there is less movement. However, at least one custom officer will remain in border for customs related activities. 

Seasonal Constraints  

N/A 

 

Daily Capacity 

This border point can clear 30 to 40 loaded trucks per day, but due to a lack of quarantine facility trucks do not enter through this border. 

Customs Clearance 

This border point has not yet processed any loaded trucks for customs clearance, the revenue generated at this customs point is from Indian number-plated cars and bikes that enter Nepal through this border, and from local people carrying household items. 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Other Relevant Information 

This border point has a small yard where four trucks can be parked. However, there is no proper warehouse to store goods. 

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.20 Border Crossing of Setobadha, Sunsari 

Overview 

Sunasri Customs Office is at Koshi Rural Municipality Ward No. 8 of Sunsari district, Koshi Province. Its office is located on the east-south side of the Setubandhu Koshi Barrage-Saptakoshi River. Madhesh Province is a state demarcated by the Koshi River on the north-east are located Koshi Tappu and Sri Lanka Tappu, known as the destinations of internal and external tourists of Sunsari district, while on the south side is the small market of Supaul, and the border district of Bihar province of India. There are seven sub-customs offices under this customs office, namely: Bhantabari, Laukahi, Kauwakjoj, Ghuso, and Sahebanj which are in operation, and the Lahi and Sisuwa are not in operation due to the lack of physical facilities.  The Indian Customs office lies at Bhimnagar, Supaul District of Bihar State in India. The major exporting and importing items from this customs office are agricultural products, fish, and a few animals like goats, buffaloes, etc. 

image-20240517123934-1

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

Nepal: Setobadha / Sunsari 

India: Bhimnagar, Bihar 

Province or District 

Koshi Province/Sunsari 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

Town Name: Bhantabari 

Distance 3.3 kilometer away from the borer of India 

Latitude 

26.522401  

Longitude 

86.9295532 

Managing Authority / Agency 

Sunsari Custom Office, 

Contact:  

Fax:  

Mobile: 9852064020 

Office Mobile: 9852064020 

Email:sunsari@customs.gov.np 

Contact Person 

Mr. Chudamani Sharma Kattel 

Mobile: 9841444301 

 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

Darbhanga Airport, Bihar India 

Madhubani, Bihar, India 

Distance: 127 Km 
Truck: 5 hr   
Car: 3 hr  

Nearest Port 

Name: Biratnagar Dry port, Jhapa 

Distance: 63.2 in km 

Truck Travel Time: 3 hr  

Car Travel time: 2 hr 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

Name: Farbezgunj, Bihar India 

Distance: 58 km 

Truck Travel Time: 3 hr 16 min 

Car Travel time: 1 hr 30 min 

 

Name: Bhantabari, Nepal (Bhimnagar Entry Point from India) 

Distance: 3.5 km 

Truck Travel Time: 25 min 

Car Travel time: 10 min 

 

 

Other Information 

 

Supaul, India is the nearest market point from this border point and it takes 1:30 hrs to reach travel by car. 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00– 20:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 20:00  

Tuesdays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00– 20:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 20:00  

Wednesdays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00– 20:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 20:00  

Thursdays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00– 20:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 20:00  

Fridays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00– 20:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 20:00  

Saturdays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00– 20:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 20:00  

Sundays 

Trucks/Goods: 8:00– 20:00  
Passengers: 06:00 – 20:00  

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival, Chhath- 1 day and Holi Festival- 1 day) and up to another 7 days / year at Government’s discretion.   
Note: Customs clearance services will be continue in open 24/7 in times of emergencies. 

Customs procedure remains close on 15 Jestha (probably falls on 28 or 29th April of the year) on account of New Fiscal Budget Announcement, a day where the tariff may change for the coming up fiscal year of the country. 

Customs remains open during emergency period. 

Seasonal Constraints  

Winter months, rainy season, etc. 

 

Daily Capacity 

  • Maximum trucks:  10 trucks daily  

  • Daily average:  10 trucks  

  • Operating hours are 08:00-20:00 and can be extended as per need. 

  • Average clearing time: 2:30 hrs 

  • There is rarely a backlog.  

   

Customs Clearance   

Compulsory Document for custom clearance.  

  • D & T Exemption Certificate   

  • Performa invoice 

  • Invoice  

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights 

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates  

  • Packing list  

  • Letter of credit  

  • Mode of payments (LC/TT/Draft) 

  • Certificate of origin  

  • Certificate of insurance  

  • Bill of Lading/Airway Bill for 3rd country imports 

  • Industry Registration Certificates  

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods. 

  • Bill of Entry from the Indian Customs Office 

  • Exit Note 

  • VCTS 

  • Recommendation letter 

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 (FY- 2023/024) 

  • GST Bill 

 

Potential delays: No 

Restriction: Prohibited to import goods as declared by Government of Nepal 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

Other Relevant Information 

One needs to cross the border town where the border army checks all the visitors at the checkpoint. Indian nationals can get permission based on a Voter card, Adhaar card, or PAN card. The border areas in Sunsari district connect communities on both sides of the border. People from neighboring regions use these crossings for various purposes, including trade, family visits, and cultural events. 

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.21  Border Crossing of Rasuwa, Tumure   

​​Overview 

Rasuwa Customs Office in Gosainkunda Rural Municipality, Ward no- 2, Rasuwa district, an important historical and archaeological site of Nepal, was established in 2013 B.S. This customs office in Rasuwagadi, is aimed at supporting the barter trade to fulfil the daily life of the residents of Rasuwa district and the people of Kerung region of Tibet through barter. It has a passenger section office near Miteri Bridge (China & Nepal Border point) for passenger and immigration checkpoints.  

Rasuwagadi Customs Office, Rasuwa is a major road-linked border crossing with China and is rated no.8th of 27 border crossings in terms of import share, 1.87% of total country import share value of mid-July 2022 Mid-July 2023. 

 

image-20240517124141-1

 

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact 

Name of Border Crossing 

 

​​​​​​Nepal: Rasuwagadi Customs Office 

China: Jhilungkot 

Province or District 

​​Bagmati Province/ Rasuwa 

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing 

​​ Timure, Gosaikunda Rural Municipality- 2 

Latitude 

​​28.256173211 

Longitude 

​​85.366792768 

Managing Authority / Agency 

​​Department of Customs​  

Contact Person 

Rasuwagadi Customs Office​  

Mr. Ram Prasad Pathak 

Chief Customs Officer 

​Tel: 010-670182 

​Official Mob: 9851318439 

​​E-mail: rasuwa@customs.gov.np  

 

 

 

Travel Times 

Nearest International Airport 

​​Tribhuvan International Airport​  

​​ 126 KM​  

​​Truck Travel Time: 7 hours  

​​Car Travel time:  6 hrs ​​  

Nearest Port 

Kerung Bazaar, China  

​Distance: 24 Km  

​Truck Travel Time: 1 hour  

​Car Travel Time: 0:30 min​  

Chovar Dry Port, Kirtipur, Nepal 

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity 

​​# Nepal: Timure, Gasaikunda Rural Municipality-2 

​# China : Kerung   

​Distance:  ​ 24 km 

​​ Truck Travel Time: 1 hour  

​Car Travel Time: 0:30 min​  

Other Information 

 

​​The ongoing construction of integrated customs and security posts, restoration of the historic Rasuwagadhi wall damaged during the 2015 earthquake,  

The construction of a service building near Miteri Bridge to support daily operations, and the management of facilities such as health decks, have contributed to increased traffic and the movement of truck containers through Miteri Bridge for the import and export of goods...​  

 

 

Hours of Operation 

Mondays 

7:00 am – 8:00 pm​ for truck 

8:00 am - 5:00 pm for passengers 

Tuesdays 

7:00 am – 8:00 pm​ for truck 

8:00 am - 5:00 pm for passengers 

Wednesdays 

7:00 am – 8:00 pm​ for truck 

8:00 am - 5:00 pm for passengers 

Thursdays 

7:00 am – 8:00 pm​ for truck 

8:00 am - 5:00 pm for passengers 

Fridays 

7:00 am – 8:00 pm​ for truck 

8:00 am - 5:00 pm for passengers 

Saturdays 

7:00 am – 8:00 pm​ for truck 

8:00 am - 5:00 pm for passengers 

Sundays 

7:00 am – 8:00 pm​ for truck 

8:00 am - 5:00 pm for passengers 

National Holidays 

 

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival, 3 days for Tihar, 1 day for Chhat pooja, and 1 day Holi) and up to another 7 days/year at the Government’s discretion. The Customs procedure is closed on Jesth 15 (28 or 29 April every year) on account of New Fiscal Budget Announcement Day.  
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies ​.  

Seasonal Constraints  

Rainy Seasons. 

 

  

Daily Capacity 

  • Private cars are not provided a separate lane.    

  • Passenger Clearance: 200 passengers on average 

  • Trucks Clearance: 15 to 20 trucks daily. 

  • Containers: 10-15 

  • Clearing hour: 1-2 hour  

  • Weighing bridge 1, 80 mt capacity  

 

Customs Clearance 

Compulsory Document for custom clearance.    

  • D & T Exemption Certificate (during an emergency) 

  • Performa invoice  

  • Invoice   

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights  

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates   

  • Packing list   

  • Letter of credit   

  • Mode of payments (LC/TT/Draft)  

  • Certificate of origin   

  • Certificate of insurance   

  • Bill of Lading/Airway Bill for 3rd country imports  

  • Industry Registration Certificates   

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods. (For NGO/INGO- a one-time EXIM code is generated on request if support is taken from customs agents). 

  • Bill of Entry from China Customs Office  

  • Exit Note  

  • VCTS  

  • Recommendation letter  

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 (FY- 2023/024)  

  • GST Bill  

 

Potential delays or restrictions: Road construction work may cause delays in vehicle movement. And Lab testing may delay the clearance process which needs time for new imported items through these customs only.  

 

For more information on customs in Nepal, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.    

 

Other Relevant Information  

Rasuwagadi ICD is under construction. Because of the ongoing construction of a dry port in Bhotekoshi Bagar of Timure, private hotels in Timure and Ghattekhola areas, and the development of buildings for the Nepal Army, Armed Police, Force, and Nepal Police have enhanced the beauty of the region from Timure to Rasuwagadhi. The face of Timure, Ghattekhola, and Rasuwagadhi is gradually changing with development programs such as the infrastructure development plan of the federal, state, and local governments, and the support plan for the residents affected by the 111 MW Rasuwagadhi hydropower project, and they are hopeful that all kinds of structures will be built in the next two/four years. 

 

 

image-20240517124312-4

Customs inspection Building Area Under Construction 

 

        

 

image-20240517124305-3

Parking area with a capacity of 500 trucks under construction. 

  

 

image-20240517124248-2

The construction of a service building near Miteri Bridge to support daily operations. 

 

 

 

Nepal - 2.3.22  Minor Border Crossing – Lagma Jatai, Dhanusha   

Overview​  

Lagma Jatai Customs office in Jatahi, Dhanusha is situated in the heart of Janakpur city,18 km away from the nearest land border with India.  

​Lagma Jatahi Customs Office, is one of sub-customs office of Janakpur Customs Office and currently major customs services are providing from this border crossing point. Since the railway cargo from Janakpur is closed, the Janakpur Customs office is not busy customs office and major customs services are conducted from Lagma Jatahi Sub-Customs Office.  

There are 8 sub-offices of Janakpur Customs Office, (Lagma-Jatahi, Einrwa, Bhadaria, Khajuri-Mahuwa, Khajuri-Station, Mahinathpur, Vaidehi, Kathal, and 3 out of 8 (Lagma-Jatahi, Einrwa, Bhadaria) are working.  

​Currently, the major work of the main customs office is being conducted from Lagma-Jatahi Sub-customs office.  

​Lagma Jatahi Janakpur is a minor border crossing, rated no.17 of 27 border crossings in terms import share, 0.08% of total country import share value during Mid-July 2022-Mid July 2023.  

​ ​  

​​image-20240517124357-1​  

​​Aerial View of Lagma Jatahi Customs Office.​  

​​​  

​​Border Crossing Location and Contact​  

​​Name of Border Crossing​  

​​​  

​​​  

​​Nepal: Lagma Jatahi   
India: Pipran, Bihar, India 

​​Province or District​  

​Madhesh Province​, Dhanusha  

​​Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing​  

​​In the City, Janakpur    

​Distance: 3.5 km  

​​Latitude​  

26.711925545 

​​Longitude​  

​​85.923936515 

​​Managing Authority / Agency​  

​​Department of Customs​  

​​Contact Person​  

​Mr. Rajendra Basnet 

​​Janakpur Customs Office​  

​​Janakpur Municipality Ward No. 1, Station Road, Dhanusha​  

​​Tel: 041-520166  

​Official Mob: 9854029589​  

​Email ​: janakpur@customs.gov.np​  

​​ 

​​​  

​​Travel Times​  

​​Nearest International Airport​  

​​Tribhuvan International Airport​  

​​220 km via B.P. highway​  

​​Truck Travel Time: 10 hrs​  

​​Car Travel time: 6 hrs​  

 

Darbhanga Airport, India 

Distance: 56 km 

Truck Travel Time: 2 hrs 

Car Travel Time: 1:30 hrs  

​​Nearest Port​  

​Jaleswar Custom office, Maliwara, Mahottari  
​ ​​22.5 km​  

​​Truck Travel Time: 1:45 hrs​  

​​Car Travel time: 1 hrs​  

​​Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity​  

​​Janakpur City is at a distance and   

​Buspatti, Jayanagar is the biggest market in Bihar,   

​Distance: 56 km​  

​​Truck Travel Time: 3 hrs.  

​​Car Travel time: 2 hrs 

​​Other Information​  

​​​  

​​Janakpur Railway Station is in the distance of 4 km ​  

​​​  

​​Hours of Operation​  

​​Weekdays​  

​​6:00 am to 10:00 pm​ for passengers 

9:00 am to 10:00 pm for truck 

​​National Holidays​  

​​​  

Generally, 3 days during Dashain (Nepal national festival, 3 days for Tihar, 1 day for Chhat pooja, and 1 day Holi) and up to another 7 days/year at the Government’s discretion. The Customs procedure is closed on Jesth 15 (28 or 29 April every year) on account of New Fiscal Budget Announcement Day.  
Note: Will open 24 / 7 for emergencies 

​​Seasonal Constraints ​  

​​Rainy Seasons Due to Flood Inundation, Also the custom is right in the heart of the city thus the movement of vehicles leads to traffic congestion. ​  

  

Daily Capacity  

Private cars are not provided the separate lane. The road is double lane; lane for incoming vehicle and an adjacent lane for outgoing vehicles.   

  • 4-5 trucks daily.  

 

Customs Clearance  

Compulsory Document for custom clearance.   

  • D & T Exemption Certificate    

  • Performa invoice  

  • Invoice   

  • AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents- Freights  

  • Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates   

  • Packing list   

  • Letter of credit   

  • Mode of payments (LC/TT/Draft)  

  • Certificate of origin   

  • Certificate of insurance   

  • Bill of Lading/Airway Bill for 3rd country imports  

  • Industry Registration Certificates   

  • EXIM Code. (EXIM Code is mandatory for Commercial trading and not mandatory for humanitarian support goods.  

  • Bill of Entry from Indian Customs Office  

  • Exit Note  

  • VCTS  

  • Recommendation letter  

  • Tariff will be imposed on imported goods as per the Integrated Customs Tariff 2080/081 for FY 2080/81 (FY- 2023/024)  

  • GST Bill  

 

Other Relevant Information  

The entry point of Jayanagar- Janakpur is also at the customs point. Track upgrading and scaling up the track is ongoing.  Since the Janakpur customs office is 18 km away from the border, the sub-customs office at Lagmajatahi acts as a major entry point for the goods.  The major Customs service is provided by the Lagma Jatahi Customs Office, Dhanusha.  

 

Nepal - 2.4 Railway Assessment

The Department of Railway (DORW) falls under the Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport (MOPIT). The main goal of the DORW is to help in policy formulation, development, and expansion of railway infrastructure and provide suggestions on railway services operation. network in Nepal.  The only passenger train service in Nepal is operated by Nepal Railway between Jaynagar in India to Bhangha (Dhanusa) in Nepal. It covers 51.136 km between the two stations. This section is under further extension up to Bardibas of Mahottari District adding further 16km rail track, and the construction of this project is underway.  Nepal also has two other rail connectivity with India that are used for cargo transport. A 6 KM long broad-gauge track connects the Indian town of Raxaul to Birgunj ICD in Nepal and an eight KM track connects Bathnaha of India to Biratnagar ICP in Nepal.  

Railway Companies and Consortia 

Rail transport of Nepal is managed by the state-run Nepal Railways Corporation Ltd. Some of the future projects outlined by the Nepal Railways Corporation Ltd are as follows: 

  • The East-West Railway Line: An alternative mode of transportation to traverse east to west of the country relieving pressure on East-West highway. 

  • RaxaulBirgunj-Kathmandu: Upgrade and Extension of existing railway line to connect Kathmandu. 

  • Nepal signed a framework agreement in 2017 to explore the feasibility to connect Nepal with Lhasa, Tibet, China via Kerung, Rasuwa a northern border point.  

Link to the official website: http://www.dorw.gov.np/ 

  

Key Route Information 

Standard Route Information 

 

Jaynagar, India to Bhangha, Nepal (Nepal Railway Overview) 

Raxaul, India to Sirsiya Inland Container Depot (or dry port/ICD) near Birgunj 

Bathnaha, India to Biratnagar ICP 

Track gauge 

51.136 kms of 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge, broad gauge 

6 kms (3.7 mi) Broad-gauge railway line 

8 Kms Broad-gauge railway line 

Total track distance (single and / or double) 

59 kms, Janakpur Railway: Jaynagar, India to Bijalpura, Nepal 

6 kms (3.7 mi), Raxaul, India to Sirsiya ICD, Nepal 

8 Kms, Bathnaha, India to Biratnagar ICP, Nepal 

image-20240507100754-2

image-20240507100754-3Janakpur Railway Station. 

 

image-20240507100754-4Janakpurdham Railway Station 

image-20240507100754-5

Janakpurdham Railway Platform 

Nepal - 2.5 Waterways Assessment

There are no waterways in Nepal for inland navigation. The only practical seaport for goods bound for Nepal is Kolkata, India. 

Nepal and India have carried out studies on the possibility of having navigational use of the Gandak River system. Along the Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system, National Waterway 1 (NW 1) of India Gandak river meets at Hajipur (marked with green circle) and Koshi river meets at Kursela (marked with blue circle). The two rivers from Hajipur and from Kursela to Nepal are currently not navigable and require dredging. India started dredging the 300km river section from Hajipur to Nepal in 2020, to make the river navigable for 1,000-2,000 MT vessels. The confluences of these rivers with the Ganga could potentially link Nepal to the Port of Kolkota via river. However, cargo transport from Kolkota port by river would need to compete with the cost and speed of transport by rail and road. The Nepal Shipping Office was established under the Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport on 14th February 2019 to oversee the progress on Nepal-India Transit Treaty to use three inland- waterways (Kolkata-Kalughat-Raxaul; Kolkata-Sahebgunj-Biratnagar and Kolkata-Varanasi-Raxaul routes). 

(Sources: Are Nepali waters navigable?; http://www.indianetzone.com/29/gandak_indian_river.htm

image-20240507101023-1

[image from Water Resources Information System of India]  

Nepal - 2.6 Storage Assessment

While Nepal has an abundance of low-volume storage for the commercial sector. Large-scale warehousing for the humanitarian community is more difficult to locate.  The Food Management and Trading Company (FMTC), previously Nepal Food Corporation, appears to be the largest provider of warehousing capacity for rent, but the availability of their facilities is linked to the harvest season of paddy. 

For more information on storage company contact details, please see the following link: 4.6 Storage and Milling Companies Contact List

Storage Used by Humanitarian Organizations 

Location 

Organization 

Sharing Possibility 

 

Capacity 

(MT / m² / m³) 

Type [1] 

Access [2] 

Condition [3] 

Janakpur  

UNFPA 

Yes 

 30.24 m3 

 Container  

Raised-Siding  

 

  Appears Intact 

 

Dhanusha  

UNICEF  

15 

160 m² 

Container 

  Raised-Siding 

Appears Intact 

Dhanusha  

UNICEF  

Open Space = 169 m2 

120 m² 

Rubb hall 

  Raised-Siding 

 

Appears Intact 

Janakpur 

UNDP 

No 

No 

No 

No 

No 

Koshi Province 

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Law (MOIAL) 

No 

1500 m3 

Concrete 

Raised-Siding 

Need to repair rainwater leakage 

Biratnagar 

UNFPA 

No 

150 m2 

Room 

Concrete 

Appears Intact 

Lalitpur  

Save the Children 

No 

600 m2 

Concrete  

Flat  

Appears Intact  

Kathmandu  

Save the Children 

No 

20 m2 

Concrete  

Flat  

Appears Intact  

Bardibas 

Save the Children 

No 

300 m2 

Concrete  

Flat  

Appears Intact  

Biratnagar 

Save the Children 

No 

35 m2 

Container  

Flat  

Appears Intact  

Nepalgunj  

Save the Children 

No 

200 m2 

Concrete  

Flat  

Appears Intact  

Dhangadi  

Save the Children 

No 

120 m2 

Container  

Flat  

Appears Intact  

Janakpur 

Plan International Nepal 

No 

278 m2 

Concrete building 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

 

Humanitarian Staging Area  

World Food Programme (WFP) with funding support from the Unite Kingdom’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) and Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), in close collaboration with the Government of Nepal (GoN) has successfully established Humanitarian Staging Area (HSA) at Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) in Kathmandu, six Provincial Humanitarian Staging Areas (PHSAs) in five provinces namely: Koshi Province (Biratnagar), Madhesh Province (Birgunj), Lumbini Province (Bhairahawa and Nepalgunj), Karnali Province (Surkhet) and Sudurpaschim Province (Dhangadhi) and Mobile Humanitarian Staging Areas (MHSAs) in four districts, namely: Baitadi, Jumla, Mahottari and Terhathum. The purpose of these facilities is to enhance the emergency preparedness and response capacity of GoN and the humanitarian community. The HSA has been managed on behalf of Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) by WFP on a full cost-recovery basis, overseen by a user-group steering committee.  

In the event of crises, the National logistics cluster of the country activates the HSA’s and initiates logistics services to fill gaps. Updates on the requirement to procure services can be attained through Log cluster’s page dedicated to Nepal.  

 

Location 

Organization 

Sharing Possibility 

 

Capacity 

(MT / m² / m³) 

Type [1] 

Access [2] 

Condition [3] 

Kathmandu 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

5500 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Biratnagar 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

2000 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Terhathum 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

750 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Birgunj 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

2000 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Mahottari 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

750 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Bhairahawa 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

1000 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Nepalgunj 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

1875 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Jumla 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

750 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Surkhet 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

750 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Kailali 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

1535 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Baitadi 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

687 mt 

Rub-hall, container 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Kaski 

World Food Programme 

Yes 

750 mt 

 

 

Proposed 

[1] Warehouse Type: Open storage, container, rub-hall, silo, concrete, other, unspecified 

[2] Warehouse Access: Raised-siding, flat 

[3] Warehouse condition: Appears intact, appears damaged, under construction/repair 

 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

The Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) is the only humanitarian organization that has its own storage. All other I/NGOs uses commercial warehouses as required. 

Location 

Organization 

Sharing Possibility 

 

Capacity 

(MT / m² / m³) 

Type [1] 

Access [2] 

Condition [3] 

Kathmandu 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

220 m² 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Biratnagar 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

92.5 m² 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Katari 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

88 m² 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Phidim 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

56 m² 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Birgunj 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

136 m² 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Pokhara 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

68 m² 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Myagdi 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

22.5 m³ 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Rajbiraj 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

392 m³ 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Bhadrapur 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

535 m² 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Ilam 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

891 m² 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

Janakpur 

Nepal Red Cross Society 

No 

2948 m³ 

Concrete 

Flat 

Appears Intact 

[1] Warehouse Type: Open storage, container, rub-hall, silo, concrete, other, unspecified 

[2] Warehouse Access: Raised-siding, flat 

[3] Warehouse condition: Appears intact, appears damaged, under construction/repair 

 

 

 

image-20240507102326-3

 

District Warehouse, NRCS, Janakpur 

image-20240507102326-4

 

Provincial Warehouse, NRCS, Janakpur 

image-20240507102326-5

Warehouse, NRCS, Ilam 

image-20240507102326-6

Warehouse, NRCS, Jhapa