Ecuador

Ecuador (English)

Country name

Ecuador

Official country name

Republic of Ecuador
Assessment Details
From 10 May 2021
To September 2023
Name of Assessor Sandro Banino
Title and Position Logistics Consultant
Contact sandrobanino@gmail.com

Table of Contents

Chapter Name of Assessor  Organization Date Updated 

1 Ecuador Country Profile

Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
1.1 Ecuador Humanitarian Background Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
1.2 Ecuador Regulatory Departments & Quality Control Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
1.3 Ecuador Customs Information Sandro Banino WFP September 2023

2 Ecuador Logistics Infrastructure

Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.1 Ecuador Ports Assessment Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.1.1 Ecuador Port of Esmeraldas Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.1.2 Ecuador Port of Guayaquil Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.1.3 Ecuador Port of Manta Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.1.4 Ecuador Port of POSORJA (Guayaquil Area) Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.2 Ecuador Aviation Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.2.1 Ecuador Quito Mariscal Sucre International Airport (MSIA) Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.2.2 Ecuador José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport (Guayaquil) Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.2.3 Ecuador Eloy Alfaro International Airport (Manta) Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
2.2.4 Ecuador Mariscal La Mar International Airport (Cuenca) Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.2.5 Ecuador Chachoan National Airport (Ambato) Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.2.6 Ecuador Seymour National Airport (Baltra, Galapagos) Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.2.7 Ecuador Francisco De Orellana National Airport (Coca) Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.2.8 Ecuador Coronel Carlos Concha Torres National Airport (Esmeraldas) Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.2.9 Ecuador Nueva Loja National Airport (Lago Agrio) Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.2.10 Ecuador Latacunga National Airport (Cotopaxi) Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
2.2.11 Ecuador Catamayo National Airport (Loja) Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.2.12 Ecuador Coronel Edmundo Carvajal National Airport (Macas) Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.2.13 Ecuador Santa Rosa International Airport (Machala) Mario Touchette WFP September 2023
2.2.14 Ecuador General Ulpiano Paez National Airport (Salinas) Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.2.15 Ecuador San Cristobal National Airport (Galapagos) Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.2.16 Ecuador Rio Amazonas National Airport (Shell Mera) Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.2.17 Ecuador Teniente Coronel Luis A. Mantilla National Airport (Tulcan) Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.2.18 Ecuador Putomayo National Airport Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
2.2.19 Ecuador Tarapoa National Airport Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
2.2.20 Ecuador Tiputini National Airport Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
2.2.21 Ecuador Sucua National Airport Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
2.2.22 Ecuador Pedernales National Airport Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
2.2.23 Ecuador Portoviejo National Airport Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
2.3 Ecuador Road Network Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.3.1 Ecuador Land Border Crossing of Ipiales Sandro Banino

WFP

September 2023
2.3.2 Ecuador Land Border Crossing of Huaqillias Aguas Verdes Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.4 Ecuador Railway Assessment Sandro Banino WFP September 2023
2.5 Ecuador Waterways Assessment Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.6 Ecuador Storage Assessment Sandro Banino WFP July 2021
2.7 Ecuador Milling Assessment Sandro Banino WFP September 2023

3 Ecuador Logistics Services

Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
3.1 Ecuador Fuel Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
3.2 Ecuador Transporters Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
3.3 Ecuador Manual Labor Costs Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
3.4 Ecuador Telecommunications Mario Touchette WFP September 2023
3.5 Ecuador Food and Additional Suppliers Mario Touchette WFP September 2018

4 Ecuador Contact Lists

Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
4.1 Ecuador Government Contact List Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
4.2 Ecuador Humanitarian Agency Contact List Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
4.3 Ecuador Laboratory and Quality Testing Company Contact List Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
4.4 Ecuador Port and Waterways Company Contact Lists Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
4.5 Ecuador Airport Company Contact List Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
4.6 Ecuador Storage and Milling Company Contact List Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
4.8 Ecuador Transporter Contact List Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
4.9 Ecuador Railway Company Contact List Mario Touchette WFP September 2018

4.11 Ecuador Additional Services Contact List

Mario Touchette WFP September 2018

5 Ecuador Annexes

Mario Touchette WFP September 2018
5.1 Ecuador Acronyms and Abbreviations Mario Touchette WFP September 2018

Ecuador - 1. Country Profile

Generic Information 

 

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is a representative democracy in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia to the north, Peru to the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador also includes the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometers (620 miles) west of the mainland. The capital city is Quito, while the largest city is Guayaquil. 

What is now Ecuador was home to a variety of Amerindian groups who were gradually incorporated into the Inca Empire during the 15th century. The territory was colonized by Spain during the 16th century and achieved independence in 1820 as part of Gran Colombia, from which it emerged as its own sovereign state in 1830. The legacy of both empires is reflected in Ecuador's ethnically diverse population, with the majority of its 18 million people being mestizos, followed by large minorities of descendants of Europeans, Amerindians* and Africans**. Spanish is the official language and is spoken by the majority of the population, although 13 Amerindian languages ​​are also recognized, including Quechua and Shuar. 

(*)The Indigenous World 2022: Ecuador. For self-identification in the Census carried out in 2010, the following indigenous nationalities were considered: Tsáchila, Chachi, Epera, Awa, Kichwas, Shuar, Achuar, Shiwiar, Cofán, Siona, Secoya, Zápara, Andoa and Waorani. 

(**)https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afroecuadorian 

Ecuador is a middle-income country, with a developing, "dollarized" economy, quite open and highly dependent on oil revenues (which represent between 14 and 20 percent of GDP, more than half of the income from of exports and between 20 and 30 percent of public income. At the industry level, 14 of the 18 economic activities reported growth in 2022. Among the sectors with the highest growth are: Accommodation and Food Services (12, 2%), Aquaculture and Shrimp Fishing (11.8%), Postal and Communications (10.7%), Electricity and Water Supply (6.7%), and Education and Social and Health Services (5.8%). %). 

It is governed as a democratic presidential republic. Ecuador, one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries, is home to many endemic plants and animals, such as those of the Galapagos Islands. In recognition of its unique ecological heritage, the new 2008 constitution is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights. 

 

Generic country information can be obtained from sources that are regularly maintained and reflect current facts and figures. For a generic overview of the country, see the following sources: 

 

Country information on Ecuador Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecuador

 

IMF country information for Ecuador (https://www.imf.org/en/Countries/ECU

 

Information Intelligence Unit of Economists of Ecuador *** (http://country.eiu.com/ecuador

(***) note: This is a paid service 

 

Humanitarian Info 

 

Ecuador World Food Program Information (http://www1.wfp.org/countries/ecuador

Ecuador UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Information (https://www.unocha.org/latin-america-and-caribbean-rolac/sobre-ocha-rolac)  

 

Facts and Figures 

 

Ecuador Wolfram Alpha Information  (http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=Ecuador&lk=1&assumption=ClashPrefs_*Country.Ecuador

Ecuador Information World Bank (https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/ecuador)  

Ecuador Population statistics (http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/ecuador-population/)  

Ecuador - 1.1 Humanitarian Background

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Ecuador is exposed to extreme weather conditions and frequent natural hazards such as earthquakes, floods, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions that affect both local populations and migrants living in the country. Ecuador is also located in an area of ​​intense seismic activity and, in 2016, Ecuador was hit by an earthquake that affected the coastal areas of the provinces of Manabí and Esmeraldas, killing 670 people and leaving more than 30,000 people homeless. In addition to the aforementioned, Ecuador is regularly affected by El Niño, the consequences are major floods and landslides in several areas of the country. Currently, Ecuador is facing heavy rains that are affecting cities in different regions of the country.

 

The wet season (high temperatures and abundant rain) is recorded between December and April-May due to the presence of the warm El Niño current and the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The dry season, characterized by low temperatures and little rain, lasts from June to November or December

 

There is a weak culture of risk prevention in the country, so many people do not know how to act if a disaster occurs; Therefore, the development of capacities in aspects related to the prevention and response to natural disasters is imperative in Ecuador.

Floods and earthquakes have caused the greatest socioeconomic impact and human losses in the country. The most recurring threats in the territory are: floods and landslides in winter while forest fires are recorded in summer.

 

Source: Global Crisis Response Platform Humanitarian and Crisis Transition Activities.  https://crisisresponse.iom.int/response/ecuador-crisis-response-plan-2020

 

El Niño Phenomenon 2023-2024, El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)

According to the authorities, the El Niño phenomenon is expected to settle on the coasts of Ecuador in the last quarter of 2023, starting in October or November. For now, the probability that the event will occur on these dates is 84%. In Ecuador, El Niño would affect almost the entire country, but mainly the provinces in the coastal zone: Esmeraldas, Manabí, Los Ríos, Guayas and El Oro.

Fenómeno El Niño Ecuador 2023-2024 El Niño Oscilación Sur (ENOS)

 

Among the most important actions included in the plan are: identifying existing capacities and gaps in preparation and response actions; validate institutional plans; demonstrate the articulation and flow of information between the different State institutions, and finally verify the application of the national and international humanitarian assistance mechanisms, their protocols, procedures, operational and administrative management. All these aspects will allow analysis and decision-making in the different phases of: prevention, mitigation, preparation, response and reconstruction on a national scale.

 

 

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030

Ecuador adopted the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030* and is firmly committed to its application, as a guide to improve all efforts for the future.

It is a planning instrument with a short, medium and long-term perspective, to guide State actions at all levels, through the actors of the National Decentralized Risk Management System.

This new, far-reaching post 2015 – 2030 framework for disaster risk reduction contains seven goals and four priorities for action.

1: Understanding disaster risk,

2: Strengthen disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk,

3: Invest in disaster risk reduction for resilience,

4: Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction www.unisdr.org

(*) https://www.eird.org/americas/docs/43291_spanishsendaiframeworkfordisasterri.pdf

https://www.gestionderiesgos.gob.ec/la-gestion-de-riesgos-de-desastres-en-ecuador-estara-guiada-bajo-cuatro-prioridades-mundiales/

 

Security, Current Situation in Ecuador

Ecuador's geographical location and other environmental characteristics have long provided incentives for transnational organized crime, which takes advantage of the country as a narcotics transshipment point and as a logistical refuge. The diverse transnational criminal landscape in Ecuador, dominated by South American insurgent and criminal groups, in addition to drug cartels, has made it a growing focus of organized crime.

 

image-20240510105154-1

 

The different criminal gangs in the country have become more sophisticated and organized. They have gained control over a wide range of criminal economies, including micro-trafficking. The gangs control many of the country's prisons and have strengthened connections with major international criminal organizations, acting as intermediaries through Ecuador's huge ports to Europe, the United States and even Australia.

 

Natural Disasters

Type

Occurs

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes, from June to December

Yes, from June to December Droughts constitute one of the dangerous events that has become more severe and recurrent in recent years, causing important impacts mainly for the agricultural and livestock sector, with consequences of low agricultural production, population migration to urban areas. , increase in forest fires due to prolonged periods of lack of rain.

Earthquakes

Yes

Ecuador is subject to intense and continuous geological activity due to its proximity to several geological faults created by the movements of the Nazca and South American Continental oceanic tectonic plates, which generates a constant threat of earthquakes of various magnitudes. Earthquakes occur frequently, although many are not felt. Generally, there are between 100 and 200 notable earthquakes (4 and above on the Richter scale) per year throughout Ecuador and most occur in coastal regions.

Epidemics

Yes

Covid 19  consulte:   Información interactiva sobre la respuesta operativa del Equipo Humanitario País en Ecuador.

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-2_15-14-14.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1627888455000%26api%3Dv2

ICUs and beds in Ecuador national health system Courtesy of Pablo Galarza, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

 

HIV/AIDS in Ecuador, see the UNAIDS website: : ONU SIDA

In the country, endemic diseases are reported that have caused health crises or that in disasters, have occurred as a side effect, aggravating the conditions of humanitarian assistance. Between that stand out:

• Dengue

• Zika

• Malaria

• Measles (2011)

• A H1N1

• Leptospirosis

There have also been focused crises of meningitis, EDA and ARI; as well as regional crises among others.

Dengue

In 2019-2020, a large dengue epidemic occurred in Guayaquil, Ecuador; The CDC estimated that at least 420,000 people were infected during the epidemic, but there were very few deaths. The 2019-2020 period includes a new increase in cases and one of the largest dengue outbreaks in the region with nearly 3 million cases, 8,416 of them in Ecuador.

Chikungunya

In Ecuador, Chikungunya was reported for the first time at the end of 2014 and now both arboviral diseases are public health priorities mainly in five locations in 4 provinces: Esmeraldas, Guayas, El Oro and Galapagos (Santa Cruz and San Cristóbal).

Cholera

In 1991, the first wave of cholera (seventh pandemic on the South Pacific coast) was characterized by a very high attack rate and a low mortality rate (compared to Africa), and the unexpected participation of populations living in the Andean plateau. It is probable, based on the results collected in Ecuador, that cholera will become endemic in Latin America. The 1991 cholera epidemic affected 46,320 people and killed 565.

Aphtose fever

A large-scale foot-and-mouth disease epidemic on an unprecedented scale swept through Ecuador's countryside in 2002, affecting cattle, pigs, sheep and goats.

Extreme Temperatures

Yes

El fenómeno climático de El Niño expone zonas del Ecuador a los riesgos del cambio climático. Estos cambios han provocado temperaturas extremadamente frías en Carchi, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo, Cañar y Azuay, y han resultado en un clima más cálido en todas las demás partes del Ecuador.

Flooding

Yes

In Ecuador, floods are part of the dynamics of hydrographic basins. Due to El Niño from March 1972 to February 1973, the provinces of Guayas, Esmeraldas and Los Ríos, and from August 1982 to November 1983 in the provinces of Manabí, Guayas, El Oro and Los Ríos, were severely impacted by The phenomenon. , which represented 15% of the national coastal territory. The El Niño phenomenon from October 1997 to June 1998 severely impacted the provinces of Guayas, Manabí, Esmeraldas, El Oro, Los Ríos, Chimborazo, Azuay and Cañar, affecting 10% of the gross domestic product (GDP). ) national. Floods are being recorded not only in the coastal area but also in the Andean mountain range.

 

 

Estimated Floods due to the El Niño Southern Oscillation “ENSO” Phenomenon 2023, see Annex B page. 34: https://www.gestionderiesgos.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/Plan-para-enfrentar-el-ENOS-01-08-2023-compressed.pdf

Insect Infestation

Yes

Aedes aegypti reported in five locations in 4 provinces of Ecuador: Esmeraldas, Guayas, El Oro and Galápagos (Santa Cruz and San Cristóbal).

 

Grylloidea” crickets were observed in 2020 in Guayas in notable volumes. Crickets proliferate due to climatic conditions, in this case, the rains in the coastal area of ​​Ecuador. It is considered a winter pest and does not bite or transmit viruses or diseases with the sole exception of food being contaminated by the excrement and fragments of this animal.

Mudslides

Yes, from December to June

The most vulnerable areas are the provinces of Morona Santiago, Loja, Napo, Santo Domingo de  los Tsáchilas and Orellana El Oro. Many main roads linking these provinces are affected by landslides.

Volcanic Eruptions

Yes

With 84 volcanoes, of which 24 are active, Ecuador is located in a subduction zone between the Nazca and South American tectonic plates that cause intense seismic activity, which is why it forms the Pacific Ring of Fire. In addition, the active geological faults expose the population to a high vulnerability due to volcanic and seismic risk

High Waves / Surges

Si

Tsunami occur rarely in Ecuador. There have only been 4 tsunamis since 1906 and a total of 4 people have died as a result. Although Tsunami are not recorded frequently (last 500 years), it is one of the phenomena that could have the greatest impact along the Ecuadorian coastal profile because more than 50% of the population of coastal cities and settlements are located. in high exposure areas.

Wildfires

Yes, From June to December

En el Ecuador, desde el año 2010 al 2022 se registraron 22.022 incendios forestales que han causado la pérdida de más de 213.157,23 mil hectáreas de páramos, bosques secos y montanos, entre otros. En lo que va del año, hasta este 20 de agosto, se han registrado un total de 664,83 ha. de vegetación afectada por incendios forestales en Azuay y en Cañar se han afectado un total de 70,47 ha.

https://www.globalforestwatch.org/dashboards/country/ECU/?category=undefined&map=eyJjYW5Cb3VuZCI6dHJ1ZX0%3D

High Winds

   

Other Comments

UN, (Naciones Unidas). (2019). Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible 2030.

https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/es/objetivos-de-desarrollo-sostenible/

UNDRR,  (UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction).

(2015). Marco de Sendai. https://www.undrr.org/publication/sendai-framework-disaster-risk-reduction-2015-2030

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

No

 

International Conflict

No

 

Internal Conflict

Yes

Estado de Emergencia y conflicto interno del Ecuador

In January 2024, President Daniel Noboa declared a state of emergency and internal conflict in Ecuador, in order to put an end to the insecurity that remains of great concern to the civilian population. The decree of state of internal armed conflict allows the joint action of the military and police both in the streets and in prisons, controlled by criminal gangs, to this end, the President orders the mobilization and intervention of the Armed Forces and National Police in the national territory to guarantee sovereignty and territorial integrity against transnational organized crime, terrorist organizations and belligerent non-state actors. The Decree orders the Armed Forces to carry out military operations, under international humanitarian law and respecting rights, to neutralize the groups identified therein.

 

Decreto de Estado de Excepción

The Constitutional Court of Ecuador unanimously declared on 03/01/2024 the legal validity of the state of emergency decreed by President Daniel Noboa to confront organized crime, after the wave of violence and attacks by criminal gangs that occurred at the beginning of January

 

Referendo y Consulta Popular:

On April 21, 2024, Ecuador will return to the polls to say 'yes' or 'no' to the questions of the popular consultation and referendum promoted by the President, in addition to a constitutional amendment question. Voters will decide on issues such as: the participation of the military in arms control, the increase in penalties for crimes linked to organized crime and the possibility of public forces using weapons seized from criminals. Other proposals from the Executive are to allow the extradition of Ecuadorians, recognize international arbitration in commercial disputes and allow hourly work.

 

 

 

Internally Displaced Persons

No

 

Migrants

 

Sociopolitical problems in Venezuela have caused migration to Ecuador.

In September 2019, approximately 4.3 million people left Venezuela. 80 percent emigrated to Latin America and the main receiving countries have been Colombia, Peru and Ecuador. At the beginning of the Venezuelan exodus, Ecuador was characterized as a transit country to Peru or other countries in the southern cone such as Chile and Argentina. However, between 2015 and September 2019, almost 400,000 Venezuelans decided to settle in the country.

With almost half a million Venezuelan nationals, Ecuador is home to the third largest population of migrants from that country in the world, after Colombia and Peru. The majority of these migrants do not have adequate documentation. Many are transients heading to other South American nations, such as Peru and Chile.

Landmines / UXO Present

No

 

Other Comments

The Ecuador-Colombia land border has a length of close to 586 kilometers3. The demobilized Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) had a long presence in the country, dedicated to the production of narcotics and illegal mining along the border, although some factions of the ex-FARC guerrilla—dissidents of the first group—are still present in the territory.

 

image-20240510105154-2

https://it.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mapa_de_la_frontera_Colombia-Ecuador.svg

 

   (3) The border between Colombia and Ecuador is an international boundary that separates the territories of       both countries. It consists of two sections, one land and the other maritime, well defined

 

 

 

 

For a more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters Country Profile.     https://www.emdat.be/

 

Seasonal Effects on Logistics Capacities

Seasonal Effects on Transport

Transport Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Primary Road Transport

Seasonal changes occur in two periods:

 

Rainy season from December to June.

Dry season from June to December.

In the rainy season, landslides and obstructions affect both primary and secondary roads. Cleaning roads usually takes considerable time. Landslides blocking roads cause shortages of local products in local markets and, in turn, can cause food prices to rise. Although the seasons can vary constantly in Ecuador, periods of rain generate problems of landslides, floods and closures, also due to the poor state of the infrastructure.

Secondary Road Transport

Temporada de lluvias de diciembre a junio.

Temporada seca de junio a diciembre.

Same as the main road but the effects on secondary roads are significantly bigger.

Rail Transport

 

The biggest challenge present in Ecuador is the amount of rain in certain seasons of the year, so retaining walls are essential to control that these rains do not cause landslides or collapses on the railway tracks. With 4 regions: coast, mountains, east and island, these regions are separated by mountains, which makes road communication between these regions difficult, it also has a large number of rivers, streams, so adequate maintenance, prevention and rapid debris removal reaction is essential. of the railway in these sections.

Air Transport

 

Airport operations can be affected by ash from volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. Due to the climatic variation in the country, the probability of changes in weather, wind direction, speed, visibility, weather events such as fog, haze, thunderstorms, heavy rain, temperature and atmospheric pressure is high.

 

Flooded trails, poor drainage networks and fog obstruct the visibility of the limited signage.

 

 In such circumstances, infrequently used airports and military airports will be used for domestic or international air operations.

Waterway Transport

Seasonal changes occur in two periods: • Rainy from December to June known as "Winter" or rainy season. "Summer" or dry season, with less rainfall that extends from June to December

Lower water levels affect transportation on major waterways. During the dry season: sedimentation, sharp rocks and low channels affect the service. The high rainfall generated an uncontrolled riverbed, which does not allow adequate navigation.

 

 

Seasonal Effects on Storage and Handling

Activity Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Storage

From October to April

The biggest problem is the effect of the rainy season on the roads that provide access to the warehouses. Additionally, some roofs of government warehouses are negatively affected by rains. The government has warehouses in some strategic locations, from where humanitarian aid items can be distributed to support local emergencies.

Handling

N/A

 

Other

N/A

The wet season (high temperatures and abundant rain) is recorded between December and April-May due to the presence of the warm El Niño current and the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The dry season, characterized by low temperatures and little rain, lasts from June to November or December

 

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

GOVERNMENT

Based on the Ecuadorian Constitution of 2008, the Government of Ecuador assumed leadership in emergency preparedness and response actions, reorganizing what until then was known as Civil Defense, and creating a new organization: the Risk Management Secretariat ( SGR) Gestión de Riesgos  In a joint effort with provincial governments, the SGR became the organization responsible for developing a Decentralized National Risk Management System (SNDGR), supporting people and communities that are negatively affected by natural and/or disasters caused by the man. The SGR is responsible for establishing policies and directives to ensure a coordinated Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) system by promoting the development and improvement of capabilities aimed at: 1) identifying, preventing and mitigating risks; 2) respond and assist during emergency situations; 3) apply recovery and reconstruction actions after the occurrence of a disaster.

 

Risk management is part of the general security of the country and is the direct responsibility of each public and private sector entity within its geographical scope; Risk management will operate continuously as a normal part of planning and management. The risks will be managed under the principle of subsidiary decentralization, which will imply direct responsibility of the institutions within their geographical scope. When an entity's risk management capabilities are insufficient, other territories with greater financial and technical capacity can provide the necessary support, without being relieved of their own responsibilities. The general objective, mandated by the Constitution, is to minimize vulnerability.

 

The SNDGR is made up of the governing body; the risk management units of all public and private entities at the local, regional and national level; scientific entities that study threats and vulnerabilities; and coordination mechanisms, among others. All state ministries and UN agencies present in Ecuador are part of the SNDGR.

 

The Emergency Operations Committees Manual (COE) Manual del COE  establishes that the Armed Forces are part of the Operational Group responsible for logistical support (in addition to managing external security).

 

image-20240510105154-3

Source: National Risk and Emergency Management Service. Actors of the National Decentralized Risk Management System.

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List.

 

HUMANITARIAN COMMUNITY

Ecuador has had a Humanitarian Country Team (EHP) since 2014, whose leader is the Resident Coordinator. The EHP is assisted by UN agencies, national and international humanitarian organizations and donors. The EHP supported Ecuador in the April 16 earthquake, including in the activation and organization of emergency groups. The Logistics Cluster was active during the emergency until May 30.

 

The Ecuadorian Red Cross is present throughout the country. Many NGOs are present at the local level and work directly with communities on preparedness, development and protection.

For more information on humanitarian agency contact details, please see the following link: 4.2 Humanitarian Agency Contact List.

 

Ecuador - Ministries and UN Agencies Liaison

Sector

Ministry

UN Agency

Agriculture and Food Security

Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock

 

Ministry of Economy and Social Inclusion

 

Risk Management Secretariat

FAO, WFP

Health, Nutrition

Ministry of Public Health

PAHO UNICEF

Education

Ministry of Education

UNICEF

     

Potable Water

Ministry of Public Health

National Water Secretariat

UNICEF

Transport Logistics and Communications

Ministry of Defence

WFP

Protection of Women & Children

Ministry of Justice

IOM, FICR

 

Coordination and Evaluation

Risk Management Secretariat

OCHA

 

 

 

 

 

Ecuador - 1.2 Regulatory Departments & Quality Control

Regulatory Departments & Quality Control 

The Technical Directorate of Standardization plans, organizes, directs, controls and evaluates the quality, safety, and security parameters of the products and services that are marketed in the country. That is, it is responsible for the formulation and study of voluntary technical regulatory documents, which are approved by consensus in a technical committee for the use and application of interested parties. There are different Ecuadorian quality certifications and mandatory and voluntary regulations that can be adopted by organizations depending on the company's business model, etc. 

ISO Standards  (see: Ecuador SEA Accreditation) 

ISO standards have several families and diversified branches to adapt to different companies and their different areas such as quality, environment, social responsibility and risk management and safety. 

Despite being established by the International Standardization Organization (ISO), the national certifier of these regulations is the Ecuadorian Institute of Standardization. 

BPM 

Good Manufacturing Practices aim to establish conditions and requirements that ensure safety and hygiene in the food production chain. The entity in charge of evaluating this certification is the National Agency for Health Regulation, Control and Surveillance (ARCSA) 

Agrocalidad 

The Phyto and Zoosanitary Regulation and Control Agency AGROCALIDAD is the entity in charge of the regulation and control of the health of the agricultural sector and the safety of food in primary production, with the objective of contributing to the sustained increase in the productivity and competitiveness of the agricultural sector, as well as the quality of life of agricultural producers. 

National Public Health Research Institute (INSPI) 

INSPI is a National and International Reference Institution in Research. It is the state agency in charge of the execution of Research, Science, Technology and Innovation and is the National Reference Laboratory that provides specialized services in public health, within the framework of the National Health Policy and Health Research. INSPI currently has 10 National Reference Laboratories, with its headquarters in Guayaquil and 2 zones in Cuenca and Quito. 

Lines of investigation 

The lines of research are the thematic axes, which include a set of objectives, policies and scientific-technical methodologies aimed at solving public health problems identified in research areas such as: 

• Communicable Diseases 

• Non-communicable diseases 

• Environment, Nutrition and Toxicology 

• Systems and Technologies in Human Health 

• Population and Public Health 

Research Centers 

The research centers are units recognized by the institution, with history and infrastructure; where projects can be articulated with various groups and research methodologies. The centers are: 

• Multidisciplinary Research Center (CIM) “Dr. “Ernesto Gutiérrez Vera” 

• Research Center for Infectious and Vector Diseases “CIREV” 

• Epidemiology, Geomatics, and Biostatistics Research Center “EpiSIG” 

Certifications 

Certifications obtained. Integrated Quality Management System of the National Public Health Research Institute INSPI – “Dr Leopoldo Izquieta Pérez” 

• ISO 9001:2015 Certification. Quality Management: 

• Research, Development and Innovation Directorate 

• Specialized laboratory services – Liveries 

• Production of Culture Media, Reagents and Dyes 

• National Vector Reference Center 

• National Zoonoses Reference Center 

• Directorate of Promotion and Transfer of Knowledge 

 

National Public Health Research Institute INSPI 

Quito, Ecuador 

Telephone: 593-(042) 2288097 – 2287428 – 2280405 

www.investigacionsalud.gob.ec  

 

Ecuadorian Standardization Service (INEN) 

The Ecuadorian Standardization Service - INEN, INEN, formerly known as the Ecuadorian Institute of Normalization, was created on August 28, 1970. The INEN is the National Standardization Organization of the Republic of Ecuador and is also in charge of technical regulation and metrology. . In 2007, the Ecuadorian Quality System law granted INEN the status of a national technical arm dependent on the Ministry of Industry and Productivity. 

It is a public sector entity at the national level; of a scientific and technological nature; with technical, administrative, operational and financial autonomy. 

In close collaboration with government entities, industry, consumers and academia, INEN is responsible for the development, publication and promotion of Ecuadorian standards and other standardization products. INEN promotes standardization in Ecuador in order to contribute to the national economy, support sustainable development, promote the health, safety and well-being of workers and the public, protect consumers and facilitate national and international trade. 

The mission of INEN is to continually improve the quality of the national productive system and the competitiveness, trust and satisfaction of Ecuadorian society, through standardization, technical regulation, conformity evaluation and metrology processes, adding value with the human talent and complying with legal and regulatory requirements. 

INEN is also a member of the Pan American Standards Commission (COPANT) and the Pacific Area Standards Congress (PASC). INEN is part of the Affiliate Countries Program of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). 

 

E8-29 Baquerizo Moreno and Diego de Almagro streets 

Building: INEN P.O. Box 01-17-3999 

Quito, DM EC170517 Pichincha 

Ecuador 

Tel: +(593 2) 382 5960 / +(593 2) 382 5961 

E-mail: internationalinen@gmail.com  

 

Ecuadorian Accreditation Service (SAE) 

The Ecuadorian Accreditation Service SAE is the Ecuadorian public body that is responsible for the accreditation of conformity assessment bodies. The SAE provides confidence in the certifications of one of the most popular standards of the international organization ISO: 9001. 

It is located in the city of Quito. The Ecuadorian Accreditation Service is an entity attached to the Ministry of Industries and Productivity. 

SAE is a full member of ILAC, a full member of IAF and a full member of IAAC. 

SAE Accreditation Ecuador is responsible for accreditation, that is, for recognizing the technical competence of the different conformity assessment bodies (OEC). These organizations provide testing, calibration, inspection, or certification services for management systems, people, or products. 

The Minister of Industries or his representative is the one who chairs the Interministerial Quality Committee (CIMC), which gives guidelines and policies to the Quality System. Representatives of the Coordinating Ministers of Production, Environment, Tourism, Agriculture, Health, Transport and Electricity are also part of the CIMC. 

Executive Director: Carlos Echeverría Cueva. Carlos Martín Echevarría Cueva 

Email: cecheverria@acreditacion.gob.ec  

Av. Amazonas N38-42 and Juan José de Villalengua 

Quito, Ecuador 

Phone: 593-2 2454393 

 

National Agency for Health Regulation, Control and Surveillance (ARCSA) 

ARCSA is the technical body in charge of the regulation, technical control and health surveillance of the following products: processed foods, food additives, processed water, tobacco products, medicines in general, nutraceutical products, biological products, processed natural products for medicinal use, medicines homeopathic and dental products; medical devices, biochemical and diagnostic reagents, hygienic products, pesticides for domestic and industrial use, manufactured in the national territory or abroad, for import, export, marketing, dispensing and sale, including those received as donations and products domestic hygiene and personal hygiene absorbents, related to human use and consumption; as well as establishments subject to health surveillance and control established in the Organic Health Law and other applicable regulations, except for those of public and private health services. 

 

National Agency for Health Regulation, Control and Surveillance «ARCSA» 

Quito, Ecuador 

Telephone: (593)2907 074 

http://www.controlsanitario.gob.ec/  

 

Internal Revenue Service (SRI) 

The Internal Revenue Service (SRI) SRI is a technical and autonomous entity that has the responsibility of collecting internal taxes established by Law through the application of current regulations. Its purpose is to consolidate the tax culture in the country in order to sustainably increase voluntary compliance with tax obligations by taxpayers. The Internal Revenue Service (SRI) offers automatic services that you can access with your username and password. 

• Access code, Keys. 

• RUC. 

• Billing. 

• Facilities. payment. 

• Return. of taxes. 

• Endorsement. of notes. of credit. 

• Certificates. 

• Online payments. 

For more information you can call 1700 SRI SRI or consult the website www.sri.gob.ec  You can also visit the Agency Map at: SRI mapa-de-agencias 

Other private certification, analysis, pre-shipment inspection companies accredited in Ecuador, (not limited to): 

• SGS del Ecuador S.A. 

• Cotecna des Ecuador S.A. 

• Inchcape Ecuador S.A. 

• Bureau Veritas Ecuador S.A 

 

For more information on regulatory departments and quality control laboratories’ contact details, please see the following links:  4.1 Government Contact List and 4.3 Laboratory and Quality Testing Company Contact List

 

 

Ecuador - 1.3 Customs Information

Customs Information 

The customs service is a public power exercised by the State, through the 

National Customs Service of Ecuador (SENAE) with offices in: Cuenca, Esmeraldas, Guayaquil - Sea Port, Guayaquil - Air Cargo area, Huaquillas, Latacunga, Loja - Macará, Manta, Puerto Bolívar, Quito and Tulcán. 

image-20231020150447-1

Source: Customs Districts. National Customs Service of Ecuador. Institutional Management Planning and Control Department 

 

The districts are classified according to their means of income (transport): 

- Maritime: Guayaquil, Puerto Bolívar, Manta, Esmeraldas 

- Air: Guayaquil, Quito, Latacunga 

- Land: Tulcán, Huaquillas, Loja-Macará 

- Internal: Cuenca 

91% of imported goods14 enter through four access points: 

Guayaquil, Esmeraldas, Quito, Manta  

 

ECUAPASS. 

All natural or legal persons, Ecuadorian or foreign, residing in the country that require imports or exports must register in the ECUAPASS computer system so that they can carry out their foreign trade operations. This registration is approved by the National Customs Service of Ecuador. 

 

Video User Registration in ECUAPASS: Registro ECUAPASS 

 

Inputs can be imported into the country by all natural or legal persons, Ecuadorian or foreign, residing in the country and who are registered as importers in the ECUAPASS system and approved by SENAE. The ECUAPASS computer system facilitates foreign trade and customs control processes. 

 

The procedure is carried out online and is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week through the following link: https://ecuapass.aduana.gob.ec/  

 

Contact: User Service Headquarters 

Email: mesadeservicios@aduana.gob.ec  

Telephone: 1800-238262 

 

The National Customs Service of Ecuador (SENAE) serves exclusively through the following online channels: 

 

ECUAPASS technological platform: ecuapass@aduana.gob.ec   (24/7)  

Telephone Calls to 1800-ADUANA (238262). (8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.) 

Email: mesadeservicios@aduana.gob.ec  (24/7) 

 

Customs Law of Ecuador Ley Aduana Ecuador 

 

Duties and Tax Exemption 

The following charges are exempt from duties, except fees for customs services: 

• Personal effects of travelers. Personal Effects Via Air 

• Household items and work equipment; 

• Aid shipments due to natural catastrophes or similar disasters in favour of Public Sector entities or private charity or relief organizations; 

• Those described in the Registry of Public Sector Entities and the Society to Fight Cancer (SOLCA); 

• Donations from abroad, in favor of state institutions or the private non-profit sector, intended to cover health services, food, technical assistance, charity, medical assistance, education and scientific and cultural research, provided that donation contracts have been signed. cooperation with state institutions. There will be no tax exemption on vehicle donations, except when they are necessary for special uses, such as ambulances, clinical or radiological vehicles, library cars, fire trucks, etc., and as long as their function is compatible with the beneficiary's activity. Institution; 

• Coffins or amphorae containing corpses or human remains; 

• Samples without commercial value; 

• Those provided for in the Law of Immunities, Privileges and Diplomatic Franchises, which include diplomatic and consular representations and missions, international organizations and other foreign government organizations accredited to the national government; 

• Orthopedic vehicles, medical devices, technical aids, special tools, raw materials for orthoses and prostheses used by people with disabilities for their use or legal entities responsible for their protection; 

• No exemptions other than those provided for in this article are recognized, so the exclusions or exemptions provided for in other laws, general or special, will not be applied in the settlement of taxes on foreign trade. 

• Others. (Non-exhaustive list) 

 

Emergency Response: 

As a humanitarian response, two forms can be presented for the delivery of aid by friendly governments: 

Through cooperation agencies or government organizations that have among their responsibilities assistance if requested by the country in which a disaster occurred. 

By direct delivery through diplomatic representations of other governments 

When there is coordination through the Country Humanitarian Team (EPH), the protocols to follow are found, defined and socialized; but if the support is provided by organizations and representations that are not integrated into the work of the EHP, coordination is necessary through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Human Mobility. 

To this end, the country has the Manual for the Management of International Humanitarian Assistance in Emergency and Disaster Situations - 2012, published by the Secretariat of Risk Management, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Human Mobility, Customs Service of Ecuador, Ministry of Commerce, Chancellery and Coordinating Ministry of Security. 

https://www.gestionderiesgos.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2018/05/Plan-de-Respuesta-EC.pdf  

International aid is managed at the request of the Ecuadorian Government and not at the initiative of governments and cooperation organizations, except in the cases provided for in International Law. Before making contacts to request assistance, Ecuadorian diplomatic representations must wait for the guidelines issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which respond to the provisions of the Presidency of the Republic or the governing body for disaster management. 

 

Agreements / Conventions Description 

Ratified by Country? 

(Yes / No)  

WCO (World Customs Organization) member 

Yes – 22 October 2008  

Annex J-5 Revised Kyoto Convention 

Yes – 13 January 2000 

OCHA Model Agreement 

No  

Tampere Convention (on the Provision of Telecommunication Resources for Disaster Mitigation and Relief Operations) 

No 

Regional Agreements (on emergency/disaster response, but also customs unions, regional integration) 

Latin American Economic System SELA, Latin American Energy Organization OLADE, Latin American Integration Association ALADI, Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America ALBA , Andean Community of Nations COMUNIDAD ANDINA, Union of South American Nations  UNASUR 

 

Exemption Regular Regime (Non-Emergency Response):  

All importers must register with the National Customs Service of Ecuador (SENAE) and obtain a company tax number (RUC) issued by the Internal Revenue Service of Ecuador. There are no prior notice requirements, but certain goods, such as chemicals, weapons and animals, require prior control for importation. 

The documents necessary to import are: commercial invoice, original or copy of the bill of lading or air waybill, insurance policy in accordance with the insurance law, Single Taxpayer Registry (RUC), certificate of origin if applicable (to be qualified for tariff preferences when available) and a certificate of compliance with quality standards (INEN) when applicable. 

Special care must be taken in relation to certificates of compliance with quality standards, since requirements may vary from one product to another. In some cases, special labelling requirements may apply. Ecuador requires mandatory labelling of food and beverage products containing more than 0.9 percent GMO content. 

Subsequently, it is necessary to obtain a document from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that authorizes importation without taxes or duties. This document must also be shared with customs, who must also authorize the exemption. 

UN agencies are exempt from all customs taxes/duties. All imports from UN agencies must use the following tariff code: 9804.00.00. Once the exemption authorization has been issued, customs procedures will begin. Note: If the cargo is urgently needed but the exemption document has not been issued, a letter of guarantee must be issued to secure the tax amount. Once the process is completed and the exemption documents are issued, the guarantee will be returned. 

 

Duties and Taxes Exemption Application Procedure 

UN Agencies 

 It must be authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 

Non-governmental organizations 

It must be authorized by Customs in accordance with the Customs Law and the Tax Regime Law. 

Process to be followed (step by step or flowchart) 

Generalities (includes a list of necessary documentation) 

 1. Any person or entity may make donations to public entities, UN, NGOs, Legal Entities or Natural Persons. 

 

2. The recipient of the donation must be legally registered with the national government. 

 

3. Imports of donated goods require a Prior Import License. It is a non-refundable operation. This license is also required to apply for customs duty exemption. 

 

4. Customs Tariff Exemption. It is important to note that other donated goods are listed but they are not exempt from customs duties for this concept, but rather for the type of beneficiaries or their destination. 

 

1. Document requesting exemption from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 

2. Document issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 

3. Document requested by customs (SENAE) 

4. Document issued by customs (SENAE) 

Process to follow (step by step or flow chart) 

 To obtain the exemption certificate, UN agencies must first submit an application to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to issue the document, before obtaining customs clearance. Ecuador requires the use of an authorized agent for customs clearance. The list of authorized Customs Agents can be found at the following route www.aduana.gob.ec > Services for OCE's > Customs Agents 

 

             Preliminary documentation procedure (not limited to) 

 

1. Tax exemption application 

2. Certificate of existence and legal representation of the donor institution issued no older than three (3) months and a copy of the statutes. 

3. Certificate of donation of the person, entity or foreign government, sealed by the Consul of Ecuador in the country of origin, whose signature must be accredited by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or equivalent document duly apostilled, or certification of the person or entity national donor, document authenticated by a notary. 

4. Description of the programs or activities to which the donated goods are intended. 

5. Certificate signed by the public accountant or auditor of the donor organization, of compliance with the legal requirements for exemption. (quantity and value). 

6. Certificate of existence of final recipient; name, tax identification number and address, issued no earlier than three (3) months. 

 

 

 

Exemption Certificate Document Requirements 

 

Duties and Taxes Exemption Certificate Document Requirements (by commodity) 

  

Food 

NFI (Shelter, WASH, Education) 

Medicines 

Vehicle & Spare Parts 

Staff & Office Supplies 

Telecoms Equipment 

Invoice 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

Yes 

AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents 

Yes, AWB/BL 2 copies, applies to UN and NGO  

Yes, AWB/BL 2 copies, applies to UN and NGO  

Yes, AWB/BL 2 copies, applies to UN and NGO  

Yes, AWB/BL 2 copies, applies to UN and NGO 

Yes, AWB/BL 2 copies, applies to UN and NGO  

Yes, AWB/BL 2 copies, applies to UN and NGO  

Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates 

Donation Certificate of the person, entity or government, foreign donor must indicate the amount and value of the donation, 1 copy, applies to UN and NGO 

Donation Certificate of the person, entity or government, foreign donor must indicate the amount and value of the donation, 1 copy, applies to UN and NGO 

Donation Certificate of the person, entity or government, foreign donor must indicate the amount and value of the donation, 1 copy, applies to UN and NGO 

Donation Certificate of the person, entity or government, foreign donor must indicate the amount and value of the donation, 1 copy, applies to UN and NGO 

Donation Certificate of the person, entity or government, foreign donor must indicate the amount and value of the donation, 1 copy, applies to UN and NGO 

Donation Certificate of the person, entity or government, foreign donor must indicate the amount and value of the donation, 1 copy, applies to UN and NGO 

Packing Lists 

Yes, 1 copy. For the UN and NGOs 

Yes, 1 copy. For the UN and NGOs 

Yes, 1 copy. For the UN and NGOs 

Yes, 1 copy. For the UN and NGOs 

Yes, 1 copy. For the UN and NGOs 

Yes, 1 copy. For the UN and NGOs 

Other Documents 

Whatever the customs authority indicates 

Whatever the customs authority indicates 

Whatever the customs authority indicates 

Whatever the customs authority indicates 

Whatever the customs authority indicates 

Whatever the customs authority indicates 

Additional Notes 

Note: These requirements apply to both the United Nations and NGOs. 

Customs Clearance 

General Information  

Customs Information 

Document Requirements  

To carry out the customs clearance of goods, the advice and service of an Agent accredited by the SENAE is necessary. 

 

The list of authorized Customs Agents can be found at the following route: www.aduana.gob.ec  > Services for OCE's > Customs Agents 

 

The Customs Import Declaration (DAI) must be transmitted by a Software provider or in the computer system of the National Customs Service of Ecuador, within a period of no more than fifteen calendar days prior to the arrival of the means of transport, and up to thirty calendar days before the arrival of the means of transport. days following the date of your arrival; If this period is not met, the goods will be immersed in one of the causes of tacit abandonment, in accordance with the provisions of literal a) of article 142 of the Organic Code of Production, Commerce and Investment. 

 

Depending on the type of merchandise to be imported, the following documents must be attached to the DAI: 

 

Accompanying documents 

 

Accompanying documents constitute those that, called prior control, must be processed and approved before the shipment of the imported goods. (Art. 72 of the Regulations of Book V of the Copci). 

 

Support documents 

 

They will form the basis of the DAI information of any regime. These original documents, whether physical or electronic, must remain in the file of the declarant or his Customs Agent at the time of presentation or transmission of the Customs Declaration, and will be under his responsibility as determined by Law. (Article 73 of the Regulations of Book V of the Copci). 

 

• Transport document 

 

• Commercial invoice or document that proves the commercial transaction 

 

• Certificate of origin (when applicable) 

 

• Documents that SENAE or the Foreign Trade Regulatory Body considers necessary. 

 

Once the DAI is transmitted, the computer system of the National Customs Service of Ecuador will grant it a validation number (Endorsement) and the corresponding capacity channel. 

Embargoes 

None 

Prohibited Items 

The following items are prohibited from importation into Ecuador through customs and may be seized by customs and border authorities upon arrival: 

 

Narcotics/controlled substances 

Alcohol, cigarettes and cigars. 

Explosives, ammunition, swords, air guns, firearms and weapons of any type. Weapons: chemical, biological and nuclear, Waste: nuclear and/or toxic or prohibited by international conventions, laws or special regulations. Furthermore, the State regulates the entry of genetic resources, in accordance with national interests. 

Pornographic materials, videos and software. 

The importation of psychotropic medications and certain precursors used in the processing of narcotics requires prior authorization from the National Council on Drugs (www.prevenciondrogas.gob.ec ). 

General Restrictions 

Restricted items are items that may be limited to certain quantities or require additional duties, taxes or fees before they can be cleared by customs officials. 

 

Merchandise that does not meet the requirements for legal entry into the country or in transit to others may be affected by the following legal actions: confiscation, confiscation, abandonment or re-export. Likewise, important restrictions observed are the extreme technical barriers to trade. 

 

The following items are restricted and subject to duties by the government of Ecuador: 

 

Each individual entering Ecuador can import up to 200 kilos of clothing, footwear and personal accessories; Importing more than 200 kilos will generate taxes and import duties. 

All new items will be subject to import taxes and duties, as well as any items over a certain valuation. 

All electrical items and appliances may be subject to import taxes and duties. 

Art, antiques and religious materials may be subject to import taxes and are restricted. 

 

Customs Clearance Document Requirements 

Customs Clearance Document Requirements (by commodity) 

  

Food 

NFI (Shelter, WASH, Education) 

Medicines 

Vehicles & Spare Parts 

Staff & Office Supplies 

Telecoms Equipment 

D&T Exemption Certificate 

Yes, 1 copy. UN and NGO 

Yes, 1 copy. UN and NGO 

Yes, 1 copy. UN and NGO 

Yes, 1 copy. UN and NGO 

Yes, 1 copy. UN and NGO 

Yes, 1 copy. UN and NGO 

Invoice 

Yes. 1 copy UN and NGO. If it is a donation, the certificate must indicate the amount and Commercial Value. 

Yes. 1 copy UN and NGO. If it is a donation, the certificate must indicate the amount and Commercial Value. 

Yes. 1 copy UN and NGO. If it is a donation, the certificate must indicate the amount and Commercial Value. 

Yes. 1 copy UN and NGO. If it is a donation, the certificate must indicate the amount and Commercial Value. 

Yes. 1 copy UN and NGO. If it is a donation, the certificate must indicate the amount and Commercial Value. 

Yes. 1 copy UN and NGO. If it is a donation, the certificate must indicate the amount and Commercial Value. 

AWB/BL/Other Transport Documents 

Yes. AWB/BL. 2 copies. UN and NGO 

Yes. AWB/BL. 2 copies. UN and NGO 

Yes. AWB/BL. 2 copies. UN and NGO 

Yes. AWB/BL. 2 copies. UN and NGO 

Yes. AWB/BL. 2 copies. UN and NGO 

Yes. AWB/BL. 2 copies. UN and NGO 

Donation/Non-Commercial Certificates 

Yes. Donation Certificate from the donor, entity or government. The foreign donor must indicate the amount and commercial value of the donation. 1 copy UN and NGO 

Yes. Donation Certificate from the donor, entity or government. The foreign donor must indicate the amount and commercial value of the donation. 1 copy UN and NGO 

Yes. Donation Certificate from the donor, entity or government. The foreign donor must indicate the amount and commercial value of the donation. 1 copy UN and NGO 

Yes. Donation Certificate from the donor, entity or government. The foreign donor must indicate the amount and commercial value of the donation. 1 copy UN and NGO 

Yes. Donation Certificate from the donor, entity or government. The foreign donor must indicate the amount and commercial value of the donation. 1 copy UN and NGO 

Yes. Donation Certificate from the donor, entity or government. The foreign donor must indicate the amount and commercial value of the donation. 1 copy UN and NGO 

Packing Lists 

Yes, 1 copy, UN and NGO 

Yes, 1 copy, UN and NGO 

Yes, 1 copy, UN and NGO 

Yes, 1 copy, UN and NGO 

Yes, 1 copy, UN and NGO 

Yes, 1 copy, UN and NGO 

Phytosanitary Certificate 

Yes, 1 copy, UN and NGOs It is necessary to review the nature of the merchandise with the customs agent to determine the certificate 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

N/A 

Other Documents 

License, Mandate or Import Certificates. 1 copy, UN and NGO 

License, Mandate or Import Certificates. 1 copy, UN and NGO 

License, Mandate or Import Certificates. 1 copy, UN and NGO 

License, Mandate or Import Certificates. 1 copy, UN and NGO 

License, Mandate or Import Certificates. 1 copy, UN and NGO 

License, Mandate or Import Certificates. 1 copy, UN and NGO 

Additional Notes 

The National Customs Service of Ecuador - SENAE may prohibit or restrict the customs transit of goods, for reasons of public safety, health, zoosanitary and phytosanitary or environmental reasons. According to a request made by the competent authorities, or when required for control reasons. 

Any request, of any type (donation, payment facilities, return of guarantees, inspections of vehicle ownership transfers, lifting of precautionary measures, extensions, lifting of abandonment, among others), other than those that must be made through the ECUAPASS platform , it must be sent to the email mesadeservicios@aduana.gob.ec , with the subject: “Other request.” 

 

Transit Regime 

Ecuadorian regulations allow several special customs admission regimes for imports that grant suspensions of duties, such as: temporary admission for re-export under the same conditions, temporary admission for active improvement, transformation under customs control, substitution of goods due to tariffs, customs warehouse, reimportation under the same conditions and dispatch under financial guarantee. Some specific admission regimes allow goods to be held in special facilities, including some properties owned by the importer, with prior authorization from the Customs Authority, for up to one year. No duties are paid until the merchandise is removed from the premises. Clearance under financial guarantee also allows qualified importers to carry out customs clearance with tariff suspension of up to one-month, prior authorization and qualification from the Customs Authority and presentation of a general guarantee. 

Other temporary admission regimes allow importers to bring goods into specific facilities for a specified period in which customs duties are not paid. After that period, if the goods have not been re-exported, all duties will be paid. There are accelerated admission regimes for imports via courier and international postal traffic. However, these regimes are strictly regulated and limited by the weight and value of the transaction in order to limit their use for commercial purposes that could harm local industries, such as textiles. 

 

Consult http://www.aduana.gob.ec  for more information. 

Ecuador - 2 Logistics Infrastructure

Overview

In August 2020, Ecuador's exports were mainly from Guayaquil-Marítimo ($ 915M), Quito ($ 376M), Puerto Bolívar ($ 52.6M), Tulcán ($ 40.7M), and Guayaquil-Air ($ 39M), while The import destinations were mainly Guayaquil-Marítimo ($ 663M), Manta ($ 158M), Quito ($ 155M), Tulcán ($ 63.9M), and Guayaquil-Air ($ 58.4M).

The Ecuadorian Institute for the Promotion of Exports and Investments Proecuador, an entity of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and the Ministry of Transport and Public Works, consider the macro logistics infrastructure is based on the following strategical assets: 10 renovated airports and 13 operating at the level national, of which 4 are international.

The port system made up of seven state ports and ten private docks, specialized in general cargo and oil, the main ones are: Guayaquil, Manta, Bolívar. River Transportation: Ecuador has several navigable rivers, such as: El Guayas and El Río Napo, which is a waterway that is part of the Manta-Manaus project. Ecuador has more than 966 km. of tracks state railways, join Sierra and Costa and is mainly used for tourism purposes.

Ecuador's logistics structure would be set up of the following systems:

  • National primary node: dominates the logistics of the country. Guayaquil and Quito.
    • Quito logistics node: this central area has established a set of logistical relationships with the rest of the country's areas. The Quito airport it is the one that mobilizes most of the exports.
    • Guayaquil logistics-port node: concentrates an important manufacturing base in the country. In addition, it channels the flow of maritime foreign trade, since it is the only port of the country that moves containers of relevant way.
  • Intermediate distribution nodes: as intermediate domains between the primary nodes and secondary. Cuenca and Manta. 
  • Foreign trade nodes: ports, airports and border centers with stable trade flows and significant as sustained volume of operations.
  • National logistics area: the most powerful logistics relationships in the country are structured from the coast to the mountains, between Guayaquil and Quito, encompassing Cuenca, in the inter-Andean valley of the southern Ecuadorian highlands.
  • Secondary logistics areas: they are headed by Quito and the urban centers of Latacunga, Ambato, Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas and Ibarra. Manta, together with Guayaquil and Machala, make up a logistics area, as do the Cuenca nodes and Loja.
  • National corridors: The most representative corridor is the Quito-Guayaquil connection for the exchange of merchandise and its interrelation with foreign trade nodes.
  • North-South Corridor: structures the country through the Andean highlands and links Macara (border with Peru) with Tulcán (border with Colombia), connecting Quito with the two neighboring countries.

 

Source: https://scioteca.caf.com/

Logistics Performance Index (LPI)

Ecuador is ranked 62 in the world (167 listed countries), surpassing Peru (83) and Venezuela (142), but below Colombia (58) and Chile (34), surpassing its neighboring countries in efficiency in its customs clearance processes and quality of Infrastructure. In 2018, Ecuador was ranked 70*.

The World Bank, Maritime Connectivity Index.

In the last publication, Ecuador decreased its index in relation to the previous year, despite the fact that experienced significant growth in 2016 compared to the previous period. However, the country is below Colombia, Chile and Peru, which indicates that Ecuadorian exporters have less cargo capacity for export in ships, and is reflected in higher transportation costs not being able to take advantage of economies of scale.

(*) https://lpi.worldbank.org/international/aggregated-ranking

Despite the advances in investment in recent years, Ecuador continues to have deficits in specialized logistics infrastructure. The country requires progress in investment in road and chain support infrastructures productive, commercial networks and diversified offer of value-added logistics services. The cost of logistics is one of the main problems for the country's exports; this is due to the fact that small business units in the logistics and transport sector are the ones that predominate.

The national structuring road axis is represented by the Carretera Panamericana, 1,400 km long, which crosses the country from north to south, joining Quito with Tulcán (border with Colombia) and Macará (border with Peru). The country suffers from a network of secondary roads and tertiary conditions for cargo transportation. This situation is trying to be mitigated with actions promoted by the Ministry of Transport and Public Works.

Ecuador has four port areas, all them located in the Pacific, while the river ports are positioned in the Amazon area of the country, on the banks of the main rivers. The Port of Guayaquil, in the province of Guayas, is the one with the largest cargo movement in the country

Air cargo is based mainly on the export of flowers. Quito airport concentrates 90% of this traffic. The logistics of exporting flowers as a single commodity could be considered as a handicap to the good positioning of this national product abroad, since there is an imbalance between exports and imports.

The infrastructure of the railway network is not ready for transport of goods. Its development has been practically null in recent years, despite the fact that it originally constituted the best means of transport and the main means of communication between the inner lands and the coast.

World Bank “Doing Business” Ecuador Ranking in 2020

Presented by Federación Ecuatoriana de Exportadores- FEDEXPOR

Ecuador is in position 129 out of 190 economies, with a score of 57.7, worsening its performance in the ease of doing business compared to 2019, even its score is lower than the average for Latin America and the Caribbean which is 59.1. In addition, the average recorded in the high-income economies of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is 78.4.

In Ecuador, the time to export is 96 hours, taking into consideration border compliance that includes obtaining, preparing and presenting documents during handling at ports or borders, customs clearance and inspection procedures. Additionally, the average cost (border compliance) to export in Ecuador is $ 560 dollars.

With respect to the region, Ecuador is above the average in terms of hours to export, since in the region the average is 55.3 hours, evidencing a great need to improve processes that facilitate trade and mainly exports.

Source: https://www.fedexpor.com/doing-business-ecuador-2020/

The Logistics Profile of Ecuador

Developed by the Latin American Development Bank “CAF” (former: Corporación Andina de Fomento) includes Ecuador's strategic vision, ambitions and logistics role, establishing a line of advance in the country's strategic ambitions**, which for Ecuador would consist of advancing from the current Level 1.1, which means: effective national logistics with the current production profile, at Level 1.2 in the short and medium term: efficient national logistics with greater added value and at Level 2.1 in the long term: logistics capacities to attract trade traffic from third countries, a subregional integrating axis between the two oceanic slopes.

(**) https://www.caf.com/en/currently/news/2019/02/ecuador-promotes-a-roadmap-for-the-logistics-sector/

 

Ecuador - 2.1 Ports Assessment

Overview

Every country on the west coast of South America except Ecuador has ports with draft of 15-16 metres, capable of handling fully laden 12,000-15,000 TEU vessels. This is despite the fact that Guayaquil is the second largest import-export port in South America after Santos, but has a draft of less than 10 metres plus a vessel length restriction of 305 metres.

Ecuador is a maritime country by nature. 90% of the commercial flow takes place by maritime transport, which makes its ports and maritime terminals an extremely important vector for the attraction and distribution of goods. Although the state port system in Ecuador is multipurpose, there is some specialization due to its infrastructure and organization, around different types of merchandise. 

Ecuador borders the Pacific Ocean and has three principal ports in:

Guayaquil: Specialized in the export of bananas and containerized cargo. 20% of imported cargo comes from Argentina, Brazil, USA and Mexico.

Manta:  with 92% of the port's activity based on imports. Bulks stand out (67% of the total mobilized cargo). The countries of origin or destination of the cargo mobilized from this port are the USA, Canada, Peru, Argentina and Colombia.

Esmeraldas:  Multipurpose port that handles five types of cargo: general; containerized, liquid, solid and self-propelled vehicles.  In 2020, cargo with the most important movement ratios were palm oil, containers and wire rod, with a participation in the total movement of 27%, 24% and 16% respectively.

Regarding the enabled port terminals, there are 11, notably Bananapuerto, Fertisa and Fertigran, all operating in Guayaquil. These three terminals encompass around 83% of the imports and exports of the total cargo moved in the eleven terminals. About 51% of imports and 92% of Exports carried out in authorized port terminals are carried out by containerized cargo.

The control of the load is carried out by means of a software called Terminal Management System which permanently verifies and provides complete information about the location and condition of the load. The standards of protection of the ports are certified according to the International Ship and Port Facility Protection Code through the Under Secretariat of Maritime Transport and Ports.

Port of Guayaquil

The 95-hectare port of Ecuador is the most relevant in the nation as it is responsible for 90% of the commercial flow that directly affects the national economy and the main port that connects with the capital city. Its strength is the purchase - sale of inputs, articles and chemical materials from foreign trade, its location is in the Gulf of Guayaquil, 50 nautical miles from the Pacific, making it an attractive port of Ecuador for investors. Although experts assure that it has possibilities of expansion it needs an improvement in its physical conditions because during low tide the ships take up to 6 hours to go out to the open sea.

Posorja Deepwater Port (Guayaquil Area)

The deep waters of Posorja Port is delegated by the Guayaquil Port Authority (APG) to the DP World Posorja Company. During the first operational year DP World Posorja has received 180 vessels. In addition, Neo-Panamax vessels have sailed for the first time in Ecuadorian waters at their maximum capacity, through the new access channel with characteristics that are 16.5 meters deep and 175 meters wide.

Main Characteristics

Terminal: 480 meter pier, 750,000 TEU annual capacity, 4 Quay Cranes, 15 RTG.

Access Road: A 20 km road that connects the terminal with the main motorway network, which will allow an expeditious, orderly and safe access route to the port.

Access Channel: A new and safer channel 16.5 m deep and 21 nautical miles long. The navigation channel will allow to occupy the maximum cargo capacity of Post Panamax type ships and larger ships that cross the Panama Canal, with a length of up to approximately 400m and a draft of 16m, with a cargo capacity of up to 15 thousand 40-foot containers .

Logistics area: Direct connectivity with the deep water port of Posorja. 100 hectares of land available.

Posorja Deep Water Port, Google Earth

 

Port of Manta

It is the best port in Ecuador in terms of infrastructure. It has 4 berths and 15 meters deep in the dock, allowing easy entry to maritime vessels. Its traffic is based on commercial vessels, fishing vessels and tourist cruises, because the port connects with the most important regions of Ecuador. The products that are unloaded are of any kind, from vehicles to bulk items in the 1,200 meters of the port. Although most are transfer, that is, they are like a stopover for transfer to other countries.

 

Source: Bianca Schröder, ecuatraveling.com

 

Port of Esmeraldas

Source:  El Oficial, Puerto de Esmeraldas, https://eloficial.ec/

Its location in the Pacific Ocean in the north of Ecuador a few kilometers from Colombia allows it to easily load and unload supplies for the port city thanks to the maritime traffic of the neighboring country and other foreign connections. Unlike other ports, this one contains a closed circuit that offers merchants the possibility of better security and surveillance standards for companies that wish to store their containers.

 

 

Ecuador - 2.1.1 Port of Esmeraldas

Port Overview 

This port is located in the northwest of Ecuador at the mouth of the Esmeraldas River. 

From its privileged position, it has occupied the position of main export center for wood, agricultural resources and other products. It is also the terminal of the Trans-Ecuadorian pipeline that transports oil from the oil fields in the northeast of the country. It is located in the northern part of Ecuador in the Province of Esmeraldas, next to the mouth of the river of the same name. 

It stands out for being a multipurpose port, with direct access from the open sea, sheltered in a 32-hectare dock, which has protection of two breakwaters, which prevents the port from being affected by storm surges, which allows great manoeuvrability and docking of ships, and which also has qualified towing and pilotage services. 

 

Its management is in charge of the Esmeraldas Port Authority, as a commercial and fishing port. The average annual temperature is 25.6 °C. With (738 mm of average annual rainfall producing its maximum in January, February and March. The prevailing winds are W and NW. 

 

The Puerto de Esmeraldas has the following characteristics and services: 

 

• Infrastructure and equipment for handling project-type loads. 

• Operational flexibility and administrative efficiency 

• Comprehensive security: port qualified with the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS), Zero Theft and the Business Alliance for Secure Commerce (BASC) Certification, in the process of ISO 9,000 and 28,000 certification. 

• Electricity and drinking water service 24 hours a day 

• Customs agility. 

• Regular lines with easy connections to the whole world. 

• Proximity to the main industrial and commercial centres of the country. 

• Communication routes in optimal condition and alternate routes. 

• Personalized attention 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. 

Facilities  

It has two 200-meter long breakwater docks with the capacity to receive 4 vessels simultaneously, that is, 800 linear meters of berths for the operation of container ships, bulk carriers, carts, fishing vessels and cruise ships. Both docks have a platform width of 45 meters each. It also has another 620 linear meters for exclusively fishing and cabotage activities. Its dock has 110 hectares protected by a breakwater that allows for quick and comfortable arrival, loading and unloading of vessels. 

Storage: It has 120,980 m2 (twelve hectares) for storage, between patios and a covered warehouse. 

Access: Access to the Port is direct from a natural depression in the seabed that reaches up to 200 meters from the port entrance. The area where the docks are located is protected by breakwaters, which frame a 42-hectare basin. 

Puerto website: http://www.puertoesmeraldas.gob.ec/  

Key port information may also be found at: http://www.maritime-database.com 

 

Port Location and Contact 

Country 

Ecuador 

Province or District 

Esmeraldas 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

Esmeraldas (4 km) 

Port's Complete Name 

Puerto de Esmeraldas 

Latitude 

0.994167 

Longitude 

-79.64444 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

 

Autoridad Portuaria Esmeraldas 

Management Contact Person 

Ingº Fernando Xavier Moncayo Raad – General Manager - Autoridad Portuaria de Esmeraldas 

gerencia@puertoesmeraldas.gob.ec  

Teléfonos: 062 715757   062 721354 

jefedeoperaciones@puertoesmeraldas.gob.ec  

Tel. 062 722367 Ext.:463-464 

Atención al Cliente y Comercialización        

acliente@puertoesmeraldas.gob.ec  

ssimbana@puertoesmeraldas.gob.ec  

Tel. 062 721354 Ext.:470-471 

comunicacionsocial@puertoesmeraldas.gob.ec  

Tel: 062 721354  Ext: 472-473 

 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

Aeropuerto Internacional Coronel Carlos Concha Torres 

 

Port Picture 

image-20231020154254-1

 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

Company 

Services 

Telephone 

Email Address 

INTERTEK INTERNACIONAL LIMITED 

Inspection 

042687180 

erazo@intertek.com 

oscar.medina@intertek.com 

PROVEEDORES MARÍTIMOS LOZADA CHAVEZ & ASOCIADOS 

Water and nursery provision 

062721355 

062728111 

promaloch@hotmail.com 

COTECNA DEL ECUADOR 

Cargo Inspection 

042523723 

alarcon@cotecna.com.ec 

sonia.naula@cotecna.com.ec 

ZAMARINO S.A 

Berth cleaning 

62727974 

mardcomsa@marzam-online.com 

MARDCOMSA 

Supply of fuel, lubricants and water per vessel 

52626443 

mardcomsa@marzam-online.com 

SUMATRA 

Piloting 

042599175 

42136177 

gonzalez@trust-control.com 

CONTROL INTERNACIONAL DEL ECUADOR C.A. 

Cargo inspection 

2443602 

2446689 

info@probucam.com 

operations@probucam.com 

egomez@probucam.com 

SOUTH AMERICAN MARINE ENGINEERING & SERVICES SOUTHA S.A 

Maintenance of vessels and equipment, provision of supplies, provision of nurseries 

046002160 042103659 

southa@telconet.net 

PARCESHI S.A. 

Vessel fuel supply 

042283158 

042396495 

ventas@parceshi.com 

jsolis@parceshi.com 

TRIESTISA 

Stowing, re-stowing and de-stowing 

062715425 

carmitarodriguez@hotmail.com 

 

For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: 4.4 Port and Waterways Companies Contact List

 

Port Performance 

In the western port area, there are extensive facilities for loading and unloading fuel oil, gasoline, diesel and kerosene. Primary exports consist of bananas and wood, while main imports are pipes, machinery and steel billets. The port has capacity for ships weighing between 40,000 and 100,000 deadweight tonnage (DWT). There is a Free Zone that houses companies and shipping companies adjacent to the port facility. 

Access cannel 

General characteristics Access to the port terminal is almost directly from the sea. Latitude: 01°01' 45''North (N) Longitude: -79°39'6''West (W). 

The access channel has the following characteristics: 

From the sea buoy 2 miles to the entrance to the pier. Width: 200 meters. (656.2 feet) - Depth: 11.5 m. (37.8 feet) Average tide width at the entrance: 1.80 m. Average width of the tide at the foot of the pier: 3.80 m. 

Navigation aid systems 

The channel has depths greater than 11.5 meters. Regarding the minimum level of low tides and allows quick and safe navigation, with an adequate navigation aid system. The tranquility of its waters and the excellent climatic conditions of the port guarantee its operation 365 days a year. 

Bunker 

Esmeraldas / Tepre has bunker available for the following grades: MGO at $1320.5 per ton, and the last price update was on Friday, August 11, 2023. 

 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

Yes 

From December to March, although this can vary constantly. 

Major Import Campaigns 

No 

 

Other Comments 

The tranquillity of its waters and the excellent climatic conditions in the port area guarantee its operation 365 days a year. 

 

Handling Figures for 2022 

Vessel Calls 

Docking of 33 vessels in the first four months of 2022, compared to the 15 vessels entered in the same period in 2021. (Comparative note: 2012, 312 vessels, 2013 294 vessels, 2014 256, 2019 142 vessels.) 

Container Traffic (TEUs) 

N/A 

 

(Max. Cap. Installed in port-terminal relationship 850 TEU's) 

 

Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk for 2022 

Bulk (MT) 

Liquid bulk occupied the number one position in “type” of manoeuvre cargo (Palm and Soybean oil) with 92,000 MT. Exports, mostly coconut oil, have reached 25,991 tons, exceeding the 14,315 tons recorded in January to April in 2021 

Others, Solid bulk (PetCoke and Scrap) with 83,000 MT 

Break bulk (MT) 

Carga total en importación y exportación de 134 339 toneladas hasta abril 2022. 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges 

For information on port rates and charges, visit: Puerto de Esmeraldas website. http://www.puertoesmeraldas.gob.ec/  

 

Berthing Specifications 

It has a 200 m long breakwater, a 350 m long general cargo dock and a 185 m long container dock with a depth of 11 m. An additional dock accommodates fishing boats and barges and carries out cabotage activities. 

 

Type of Berth 

Quantity 

Length 

(m) 

Maximum 

Draft (m) 

Comments 

Conventional Berth 

350 

11 

 

Container Berth 

185 

10 

 

Silo Berth 

No 

 

 

 

Berthing Tugs 

 

 

Two azimuthal stern drive (ASD) tugs from Damen Shipyards to support oil tankers and other vessels entering port. 

Water Barges 

Yes 

 

 

Reference: https://www.searates.com/port/esmeraldas_ec.htm  

 
 

General Cargo Handling Berths 

Cargo Type 

Berth Identification 

Imports - Bagged Cargo 

Yes 

Exports - Bagged Cargo 

Exports, mostly of coconut oil, have reached 25,991 tons, exceeding the 14,315 tons recorded from January to April in 2021. 

Imports and Exports - RoRo 

Imported 5,416 units of vehicles, vehicle cargo with 27,000 MT (cars and machinery)  [Comparative note: in 2018 more than 11,000 vehicles were imported] 

Other Imports 

Containers, general cargo, liquid and solid bulk, vehicles, pipes, spare parts, CKD, iron, steel, oil equipment and iron scrap. 

 

Port Handling Equipment 

Equipment 

Available 

 

Total Quantity and Capacity Available 

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage 

Dockside Crane 

No 

 

 

Container Gantries 

No 

 

 

Mobile Cranes 

Yes  

1 DEMAC AC-400,  

 

1 DEMAC crane super transporter for AC-400 

1 Terex x 80 ton 

Only for patio manouvres  0-24 Ton Lifts,  25-49 Ton Lifts,  50-100 Ton Lifts 

Reachstacker 

Yes  

1 x 45 ton, 1 x 10 ton, 2 toploaders x 40 ton, 1 Terex x 45 tons 

Hyster, Terex, operational 

 

For loading full container and empty container. 

RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer) 

Yes  

21 

20 meter long Roll-on Roll-off dock for rolling loading and unloading located adjacent to the main dock 

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines 

No 

 

 

Transtainer 

Yes  

5 x 40 tons 

Kodiak Chevrolet, operational, for container yard maneuvers. 

Forklifts 

Yes  

1 x 2.5 ton,1 x 3.5 ton,  1 x 7ton, 3 x 10 ton, 1 x16 ton, 

CPCD70, CPCD100, CPCD160A, CPQD25, CPCD3.5 

 

Container Facilities 

Currently, a container yard has been improvised in this port with an area of ​​four hectares, without its own backup dock and using the system of equipment to handle ship-port containers, with the ships' own cranes for embarkation and disembarkation. tractor-trailer for movement, and reachstaker type front loaders for stacking in the storage area, which causes downtime and delay of the ship in port, as well as loss of efficiency in stacking due to the large manoeuvrability space. you need a reachstaker. To handle an appreciable volume of containers that the Port of Esmeraldas presents, the problems of dock congestion must be overcome. 

 

Facilities 

20 ft 

40 ft 

Container Facilities Available 

Yes 

Yes 

Container Freight Station (CFS) 

Yes 

Yes 

Refrigerated Container Stations 

Yes 

Yes 

Other Capacity Details 

N/A 

N/A 

Daily Take Off Capacity  
(Containers per Day)  

252, total 

 

Number of Reefer Stations  
(Connection Points) 

N/A 

N/A 

Emergency Take-off Capacity  

N/A 

N/A 

Off take Capacity of Gang Shift  
(Containers per Shift)  

N/A 

N/A 

Customs Guidance 

For import procedures, the following documentation/information will be required at the service windows of the Billing Department to obtain a gate pass: 

The cargo number authorized by SENAE. 

For procedures with SENAE authorizations through administrative acts, you must present a copy of the document. 

Exit Authorization Letter (CAS) (Electronic or Physical) 

Copy of the Bill of Lading (BL), for the cases of General Cargo and Loose Cargo 

Information of the transport company, or name of the driver and license plate of the vehicle that will collect the load 

This documentation will be required by the access control booths before access. 

The gate pass may also be issued to the customs agent/assistant or other personnel authorized by the importer to carry out customs formalities. 

The requirements of the “Port Security Manual for the Issuance of Credentials and Provisional Permits” must be met. 

For cargo dispatch, warehouses have a scheduled delivery service with assigned shifts, taking into account the following aspects: 

Depending on availability, the customer chooses the most convenient shift to pick up their load. Shifts include the earliest and latest pick-up times. 

In the event that a client misses their turn (that is, does not arrive at the assigned time), it is possible to request another one the same day at the access control booths. 

For cases of Direct Debit (DD) or Advance Clearance (DA), verify that the customs procedure has been authorized and the operation is scheduled in the Customer Service Department. 

 

For more information on customs in ECUADOR, please see the following link: 1.3 Customs Information.   

 

Terminal Information 

MULTIPURPOSE TERMINAL 

Multipurpose terminal, with direct access from the open sea, sheltered in a dock, which allows great manoeuvrability and docking of ships. Its geostrategic location is of importance in relation to the Asian markets, being equidistant from those of the South, Central and North America. It is a Multipurpose Port, the facilities facilitate access for all types of vessels, guaranteeing easy manoeuvring of vessels and loading, unloading and provisioning operations, as well as appropriate safety and mobility conditions for the arrival of cruise ships and tourists. 

 

GRAIN AND BULK HANDLING 

This medium-sized general and bulk cargo port is favourably positioned for shipping lumber, agricultural products, raw materials and consumer goods. It is the terminal of the trans-Ecuadorian oil pipeline linked to the oil fields in the northeast of the country. About 12 percent of the country's international trade is carried out through the port, with a total of 850,000 tons of cargo annually. 

 

Since the port does not typically handle bulk grain, cargo must be bagged for storage or transported directly by truck out of the port (4 hoppers are available for loading loose grain onto trucks directly from the ship). The solid bulk cargo handled at the port is entirely non-food cargo: Import of steel pellets and crushed scrap and export of wood chips. All of this cargo is stored in open yard facilities. 

 

MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL 

It has 120,980 m2 (twelve hectares) for storage, including patios and a covered warehouse. 

 

Storage capacity is limited, but it has not yet reached its end; However, large quantities of empty containers, stacked 4 high, occupy approximately 25% of the yard's total capacity. Two warehouses (7,200 m² and 1,500 m²) are currently used for the storage of steel coils and bags of cement. In an emergency, warehouses can be emptied and reused after intensive floor cleaning and roof repair. 

image-20231020154254-2

 

There is ample storage space, including a 12-hectare paved area between the patios and the basement. 

 

Storage Type 

Number of Storage Facilities 

Area (m2) 

Bagged Cargo 

1,500m2 

Refrigerated Cargo 

N/A 

N/A 

General Cargo 

7,200m2 

 

Stevedoring 

The Esmeraldas Port Terminal offers the stowage and unloading service. The port has adequate equipment and material, duly certified, which guarantees safety and efficiency in cargo handling. Various types of cargo are handled such as containers, agricultural products, general cargo, vehicles, machinery and project cargo. The stevedoring operation is carried out by private companies, classified and regulated by the National Government. The list and ranking of operators is carried out according to the type of activities and services they provide to the terminals (cargo handling, pilotage, towing, dredging, port storage and other activities). 

Hinterland Information 

By landway: 

The road conditions of access to the Esmeraldas province are regular. In case of interruption of access routes, the state intervenes with priority to restore light and heavy traffic to and from the port sector, however, there are possible rock falls, problems with unstable slopes and settlements on the road. 

The Quinindé-Esmeraldas section, on the E-20 highway, has at least 28 critical points: sinkholes, cuts in the asphalt layer and collapsed sewers have become a risk for drivers who travel daily along the main access route to the capital. The Quinindé road is in poor condition, with a lack of signage and luminosity at night. The most critical area is located in the El Vergel area, where there is an undermining of the land, which has forced a variant of the road to be enabled to allow the passage of the nearly 18,000 vehicles that travel on this road every day. 

On the “Y” highway of Tababuela – San Lorenzo – Esmeraldas – Pedernales, there is an activated geological fault in the San Gerónimo sector, between Salinas and Lita. The roads in the northern area will be monitored through the GPS system of the road patrols, which in case of emergencies will mobilize the necessary road equipment. 

For more information on feasibility consult: ECU 911 Consult about ways 

By sea: 

Ecuador has implemented the maritime security requirements contained in Chapter XI-2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea of ​​1974 and the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS) through the Law of Merchant Marine of 2004 and the Maritime Safety Regulations of 2004. These regulations apply to all seaports in Ecuador and to passenger ships, cargo ships of 500 GRT or more and mobile offshore drilling units on international voyages. 

Port Security 

Comprehensive security: port qualified with the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS), Zero Theft and the Business Alliance for Secure Commerce (BASC) Certification, in the process of ISO 9,000 and 28,000 certification. Security Level 1 applies in territorial waters and maritime ports of Ecuador. Any change in the level of security or its area of ​​application will be communicated through notices to mariners, nautical advisories, circulars, VHF communication or any other appropriate means. 

 

Security 

ISPS Compliant 

Yes  

Current ISPS Level  
(Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional) 

Police Boats 

Yes  

Fire Engines 

Yes  

 

Ecuador - 2.1.2 Port of Guayaquil

 

Port Overview 

According to the Undersecretariat of Ports and Maritime and River Transport, 85% of the country's non-oil cargo transfer is moved through the Port of Guayaquil through its public and private terminals. 

There are two large groups of facilities: Sea Port, owned/managed by the Port Authority which has granted concessions to private operators, namely Contecon Guayaquil S.A. and Andipuerto, for 20 years; and Isla Trinitaria, which has attracted private operators to invest in port infrastructure. In the latter, three companies operate terminals directly next to each other: Terminal Portuario de Guayaquil (TPG), Terminal Portuario Bananapuerto operated by Aretina (the maximum draft for all terminals on Isla Trinitaria is 9.75 meters) and Puerto Trinitaria S.A. operating with: 1 dock 126 meters in length, dock draft: Up to 11.5 meters (high tide) 9.75 meters (low tide), Boat length: up to 250 meters, No. Berths: 2. The Fertisa Port Terminal offers refrigerated and bulk facilities; and the Ecuadoriana de Granos (Ecuagran) bulk terminal offers a berth directly over the Guayas River and inside the city. There are other private berth operators such as Molinos del Ecuador, Sepresa and Industrial Molinero along the Guayas River. All terminals have a single berth; Vessels may have a maximum length of 180 meters and a maximum draft of 6.5 meters. 

 

Dredging work in the port access channel 

In January 2020, the Guayaquil Port Terminal (TPG) set a record in the port history of Ecuador and the region by receiving the largest ship to arrive at ports in Latin America. The arrival of the APL Esplanade ship marked the inauguration of the works to deepen the maritime access channel and the estuaries that connect the marine buoy with the port terminals. The dredging works were carried out by Canal Guayaquil, a subsidiary of the Belgian company Jan De Nul. , which will maintain the sea route for a 25-year contract. The company dredged the 92-kilometer channel and eliminated the Los Goles rocky area, which constituted an obstacle to navigation. The depth of the channel went from 9.5 meters to 12.5 meters and 13 meters, with tidal benefit 

Canal Guayaquil S.A., responsible for the dredging work to deepen the access channel to the public and private maritime and river port terminals of the Main Port, completed the tasks. Deep draft ships enter the port of Guayaquil, through 12.5 and 13 meters of depth (with tidal benefit). 

 

image-20231020160206-1

Port website: https://www.cgsa.com.ec/ 

Key port information may also be found at: http://www.maritime-database.com 

 

Port Location and Contact 

Country 

Ecuador 

Province or District 

Guayas 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

Guayaquil (10 km) 

Port's Complete Name 

Puerto Marítimo de Guayaquil -  Libertador Simón Bolívar 

Latitude 

-2.280833 

Longitude 

 

-79.91361 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

 

Guayaquil Port Authority 

 

Contecon Guayaquil S.A. exercises the administration and operation of the container and multipurpose terminal of the Maritime Port of Guayaquil 

 

Management Contact Person 

Héctor Hugo Plaza Subía, Gerente de APG  

+593 4 2480120, +593 4 2012000 

Lcdo. Jonatan Sotalin – Autoridad Portuaria de Guayaquil –- hernansotalin@apg.gob.ec 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

Aeropuerto Internacional José Joaquín de Olmedo 

 

American Airlines, Avianca, Copa Airlines, Iberia, KLM, LAN, Air Europa, Latam, TACA, TAME, UPS 

Port Picture 

image-20231020160206-2

Legend 

Yellow: Sea Port (Contecon Guayaquil S.A. and Andipuerto) 

Red: Bananapuerto Port Terminal 

Purple: Fertisa Port Terminal 

Green: Ecuadorian Grains (Ecuagran) 

 

 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

Compañia 

Servicios 

Contacto 

Correo electrónico/ Website 

Andipuerto Guayaquil S.A. 

Multipurpose grain terminal, bulk 

 

info@andinave.com 

Aretina 

Port Logistics Operator FCL, bulk, warehouse, container yard 

 

info@aretina.com 

Contecon Guayaquil S.A.  

Port Terminal Operator 

+593 4 600 6300 

info@cgsa.com.ec 

DPWorld Posorja 

Port Operator,  FCL 

+593 4 380 4850 

dpworldposorja.com.ec 

Ecuaestibas S.A.  

Tugs, berthing 

+593 042 517 360  

ebrito@ecuaestibas.com 

M&C Surveyors 

Consultancy and surveying services to the marine, commodities and insurance sectors 

+51947245898   

operations@mcsurveyors.com 

Petrocomercial 

Fuel, bunkering, greases, oil products 

043803000  

www.eppetroecuador.ec 

Puerto Trinitaria - Trinipuerto S. A 

Support Activities for Rail Transportation 

+593 4 269 7244 

 

QC Terminales Ecuador  

Port Terminal, Bulk oil, chemical, warehouse 

 

www.qcterminales.com/ 

Setmabas S.A.  

Ship services, technical support and supplies 

+593 4-202-8158 

www.setmabas.com.ec/ 

Terminal Portuario de Guayaquil TPG  

Port Terminal, FCL 

 

www.tpg.com.ec 

 

 

Port Performance 

During 2022, the Guayaquil Port Terminal (TPG) for the fourth consecutive year was the port that registered the largest cargo movement in Ecuador 

Export 

Among the main products exported through the TPG are bananas, shrimp, wood and cocoa (representing 74%), whose main destinations were China, Chile, India, Japan, Argentina, and the United States. 

Import 

The goods that were imported in the greatest quantity were plastic items, vehicle parts, paper, books, food and products for its preparation, construction materials, paints and finishes. 

In January 2020, Terminal Portuario Guayaquil (TPG) set a record in the port history of Ecuador and the region by receiving the largest ship to arrive at ports in Latin America. The arrival of the APL Esplanade ship, which has a length of 368.82 meters and a beam of 51 m, arrived at the Guayaquil Port Terminal thanks to the recent deepening of the docking dock. It marked the inauguration of the works to deepen the maritime access channel and the estuaries that connect the maritime buoy with the port terminals. The dredging works were awarded and carried out by Canal Guayaquil, a subsidiary of the Belgian company Jan De Nun, which will maintain the maritime route under a 25-year contract. The company dredged the 92-kilometer channel and eliminated the Los Goles rocky area, which constituted an obstacle to navigation. The depth of the channel went from 9.5 meters to 12.5 meters and 13 meters, with tidal benefit.  

 

The Port Authority of Guayaquil, APG, through its concessionaires (Contecon1 and Andipuerto) and delegate (DP World Posorja), works 24 hours a day, seven days a week in the reception and dispatch of products. 

  1. Contecon reached the figure of 12 million TEUs moved since operations began at the Guayaquil seaport, Libertador Simón Bolívar (Container Terminal), which was in 2007. 

 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

Yes  

From December to March 

Major Import Campaigns 

No 

 

Other Comments 

The greatest historical limitation of the Port of Guayaquil is the limited water depth in access to its facilities. Canal Guayaquil S.A., responsible for the dredging work to deepen the access channel to the public and private maritime and river port terminals of the Main Port, completed the tasks. Deep draft ships enter the port of Guayaquil, through 12.5 and 13 meters of depth (with tidal benefit). 

 

image-20231020160206-3

 

Source: www.jandenul.com/projects/deepening-guayaquil-harbour-access-channel-ecuador 

 

Handling Figures for 2022 

Vessel Calls 

2700 deep draft ships with a capacity of 12,000 to 14,000 TEUS's 

 

(Reference note: in 2019, 2,210 ships of different draft, of which, 804 ships docked at the terminals. 2021, 2,000 ships. 1,552 deep-draft ships and 658 cabotage operations ships 

Container Traffic (TEUs) 

488 thousand containers (20 and 40 feet) 

 (Reference note: in 2019 823,951 thousand TEUs) 

 

During 2022, the Guayaquil Port Terminal (TPG) for the fourth consecutive year was the port that registered the largest cargo movement in Ecuador 

 

Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk for 2022 

Bulk (MT) 

The (public) Bulk Terminal, concessioned to Andipuerto Guayaquil S. A., moved 2,681,433 mt of bulk cargo. 

Break bulk (MT) 

The (public) Bulk Terminal, concessioned to Andipuerto Guayaquil S. A., moved 2,681,433 mt of bulk cargo. 

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges 

CGSA continuously and permanently provides the following basic services: 

• Use of the dock by ships (TMN) 

• Full container transfer (TTC), ship to door 

• General Cargo Transfer (TTG), Ship to door 

• Banana Cargo Transfer (TTB), Door to ship 

• Container storage (TAC) 

• General Cargo Storage in Yards (AG1) 

• Storage of Non-Container General Cargo in Warehouses (AG2) 

• Storage of Non-Container General Cargo in Special Warehouses (AG3) 

• Transfer of Empty Containers (TTV) 

• Container Replacement (REE) 

• Vehicle weighing (TPE) 

• Container Consolidation/Deconsolidation (CFS) 

• Connection and Feeding to Reefers (TRF) 

• Capacity or Container Inspection Operations (AFC) 

• 19 

• Capacity Operations or Inspection of General Non-Containers 

• Load (AFG) 

• Container Shipping (TPC) 

• General Cargo Shipping (TPG) 

• Receiving / Dispatch Containers (RDC) 

• Reception / Dispatch of General Cargo (RDG) 

• Fee for use of tugboat facilities (TMR) 

For more information on port rates and charges, consult the following links: 

Port Services Manual Tarifas y Servicios Portuarios  Version: 1.3 Date: 03/30/2023 

 

Contecon Guayaquil (CGSA) “Port to Door” service 

This is an automated cross-docking service that allows consignees to receive their cargo directly at their doorstep. Port to Door eliminates the need for shippers to go to the terminal to retrieve their shipment. The service offers an express option for same-day cargo delivery. The cost of the new service will vary depending on the volume of cargo and the distance between the port and the delivery location. Port to Door can be booked in advance before cargo arrives in Ecuador or while cargo is stored in port warehouses. Cargo can be transported as soon as it is unloaded from the ship. The Port to Door service will initially be available for clients based in Guayaquil via the perimeter and Durán, and will be expanded to cover more areas in the coming months. Shippers must log in to the CGSA website to access the service and can track their cargo in real time using the CGSAPP mobile application. 

 

THC Shipping lines (only as an example) 

Hapag Lloyd Terminal Handling Charges 2023 HALO THC Services fee 2023 

CMA CMG THC Rate CMA CGM Local Charges 2023 

 

Berthing Specifications 

Type of Berth 

Quantity 

Length 

(m) 

Maximum 

Draft (m) 

Comments 

Conventional Berth 

 

600 

10.5 

Natural River Type Port. There is no good bottom for anchoring 

Container Berth 

 

1000 

10.5 

 

Silo Berth 

Si 

 

 

www.andinave.com 

Berthing Tugs 

(4 units) 32.59 m, 27.81m, 22.5m, 32.10m 

 

 

Guayas II, Vinces, Macará, Chone. 

Water Barges 

N/A 

 

 

The Port of Guayaquil provides water service 

https://www.searates.com/port/guayaquil_ec 

 

Dock allocation priorities 

Docks 1, 1A, 1B, 1C and 2 

1. Ships with a Dock reservation contract/agreement. 

2. Ships with full container carriers. 

3. Multipurpose Ships that transfer containers and general cargo. 

4. Ships that transfer perishable products. 

Piers 3, 4, 5 and 6 

1. Vessels with dock reservation contract/agreement. 

2. Vessels that transport perishable products. 

3. Multipurpose vessels that transport containers and general cargo. 

The following vessels will have preference for dock assignment: 

1. Vessels on official visit. 

2. Passenger/cruise ships. 

Contecon Guayaquil CGSA  pags, 21, 22 

Concesionaria CONTECON Guayaquil S.A. 

 

Pier 

Largo (m) 

Lenght(m) 

185 

10 m 

1A 

185 

10 m 

1B 

185 

10 m 

1C 

145 

10 m 

 

Port Terminal Guayaquil (TPG) 

Access 

Canal Santa Ana 

Deep 

9.75 m 

Berth 

2, passenger,  (Largo 360m) 2  

Warehousing 

103,000 m2 

Type of Cargo 

Only containers FCL 

Services 

Cntr, stuffing,  Release, Conection Reefer       

Certifications 

ISPS Code, ISO 9001, BASC 

 

image-20231020160206-4

 

 

Andipuerto Guayaquil S.A. Grain & Multipurpose Terminal 

Access 

Canal Natural Marítimo 

Deep 

9.75 m 

Berth 

1  (largo 150 m) 

Warehousing 

Silos, Tanks, Whse 

Tipo de Carga 

Grain, cement, ashes, petcoke, steel,  oils, others  

Services 

Weight, Forklift, Warehousing  

Certifications 

BASC, ISPS Code, ISO 9001 

 

image-20231020160206-5

 

Port Trinitaria, Trinipuerto S.A. 

Access 

Canal Santa Ana  

Deep 

9.75 m 

Berth 

1  (largo 125 m) 

Warehouse 

14 grain warehouses  up to 140,000 MT 

Type of Cargo 

Bulk, Cement, Ashes, Petcoke, Soya, Flour 

Servicios 

Sistema de Seguridad por circuito cerrado de tv, Sensores Magnéticos instalados. 

Certificación 

ISPS Code 

image-20231020160206-6

 

QC Terminales Ecuador Chemical And Oil-Chemical  

Acceso 

Canal Jambeli 

Deep 

6.80 m 

Berth 

1  

Warehousing 

Area 24,238 m2 - 56 Tanks 

Type of Cargo 

Chemical, Oil 

Services 

Operations Monitoring on Real Time Software, Tank Cooling 

Certification 

ISPS Code, ISO 9001 

image-20231020160206-7

 

 

Fertisa  Multipurpose Terminal 

Access 

Canal El Muerto 

Deep 

9.75 m 

Berth 

1  (lenght 297 m) 

Warehousing 

100,000 m2  Containers, General Cargo 

Typo of Cargo 

Bananas, Fruits, Fertilizers bulk   

Services 

Load Unload, Weight, Ship Repairs Metalworking 

Certification 

ISPS Code, ISO 9001, BASC 

 

image-20231020160206-8

 

Multipurpose Terminal Bananapuerto  

Accesss 

Canal Santa Ana  

Deep 

9.75 m 

Berth 

1 (lenght 320 m) 

Warehousing 

4,700 m2  banana palletized & general cargo, 1,700 m2  breakbulk cargo 

Type of Cargo 

Banana, Wood, Cold Chain 

Services 

Stevedoring Handling, Warehouse and Equipment  rental 

Certifications 

ISPS Code, ISO 9001, BASC 

 

image-20231020160206-9

 

Port Handling Equipment 

 

Equipment 

Available 

 

Total Quantity and Capacity Available 

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage 

Dockside Crane 

Yes  

23 Elevators from 50 to 100 tons, for yard operations 

Contecon, in charge of the operation of the terminal, continued with the extension work on the cranes (QC5-QC6). This makes it possible to serve ships with greater draft and greater load. 

Container Gantries 

Yes  

6 x Postpanamax ZPMC Ship to Port gantries 

Rail Mounted Gantry (RMG) 2 x 51 tons, 

Mobile Cranes 

Yes  

Equipped with automatic weighing system. 

Reachstacker 

Yes  

10 

Equipped with automatic weighing system. 

RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer) 

Yes / No 

Tracto 25 X 50 Ton 

 

Semi trailer 27 x 40 ton 

The Port Terminal of Guayaquil (TPG), the Chinese electric vehicle manufacturer BYD and the heavy transport company Transcarsell announced the operation of up to 100 100% electric trucks in the port. With the first 20 units, this fleet will operate at the Guayaquil Port Terminal (TPG), on the Trinitarian island. 

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines 

Yes 

2 x 8 MT / hour 

www.andinave.com  

Transtainer 

N/A 

 

 

Forklifts 

Yes  

14 

From 3 to 25 ton 

 

Container Facilities 

Terminal Contecon  

 

TYpe of Cargo 

Yard 

Area (m²) 

Container 

Nº 1 y 2 

111365,06 

Container 

Nº 3 

24099,02 

Container 

Nº 8 

70790,49 

Bananas 

Nº 9 

57948,73 

Container 

Nº 300 

11073,29 

Bananas 

Nº 500 

6287,39 

Container 

Nº 600 

10257,06 

Container 

Nº 700 

20410.80 

Cargo Consolidation & Deconsolidation 

CFS 

28244,78 

Vehicles parking 

Bananero trucks  

30195,99 

 

Type of Cargo 

Warehouse 

Área (m²) 

General 

Nº 7 

7.255,17 

General 

Nº 8 

7.207,20 

Cold Room (out of order) 

Nº 2 

4.097,14 

Multipurpose 

Nº 3 

4.546,64 

Multipurpose 

Nº 4 

4.546,64 

Multipurpose 

Nº 5 

4.546,64 

Multipurpose 

Nº 6 

4.546,64 

Police 

Anti-narcóticos 

1.352,00 

Abandoned Cargo 

Nº 23 

1.352,00 

Maintenance and Equipment 

Nº 21 y 22 

2.417,41 

General 

Nº 31 y 32 

3.853,20 

Banana 

Nº 41 y 42 

3.911,46 

Banana 

Nº 51 y 52 

3.903,40 

Banana 

Nº 61-66 

9.105,69 

Cargo Consolidation & Deconsolidation 

Entre bodega Nº 7 y 8 

4.218,91 

X Ray screening 

Entre bodega Nº 23 y 24 

962,00 

HAz-Mats 

Nº 1, 2, 3 

4.265,44 

 

Facilities 

20 and 40 ft 

Available Container Yard 

See chart 

Container Station (CFS) 

See chart 

Reefer Container Station 

1,510 positions 

Other areas 

N/A 

Daily container handling capacity  (Cntnrs per hour)  

N/A 

Reefer Container Station, connection points 

1,510 plug-in points 

Emergency Container Capacity 

N/A 

Container Handling x Shift Gang 

N/A 

 

Customs 

For import procedures, the following documentation/information will be required at the service windows of the Billing Department to obtain a gate pass: 

The cargo number authorized by SENAE. 

For procedures with SENAE authorizations through administrative acts, you must present a copy of the document (Providencia) 

Exit Authorization Letter (CAS) (Electronic or Physical) 

Copy of the Bill of Lading (BL), for the cases of General Cargo and Loose Cargo 

Information of the transport company, or name of the driver and license plate of the vehicle that will collect the load 

This documentation will be required by the access control booths before access. The gate pass may also be issued to the customs agent/assistant or other personnel authorized by the importer to carry out customs formalities. The requirements of the “Port Security Manual for the Issuance of Credentials and Provisional Permits” must be met. 

 

For cargo dispatch, warehouses have a scheduled delivery service with assigned shifts, taking into account the following aspects: 

Depending on availability, the customer chooses the most convenient shift to pick up their load. Shifts include the earliest and latest pick-up times. 

In the event that a client misses their turn (that is, does not arrive at the assigned time), it is possible to request another one the same day at the access control booths. 

For cases of Direct Debit (DD) or Advance Clearance (DA), verify that the customs procedure has been authorized and the operation is scheduled in the Customer Service Department. 

Customs hours at the port of Guayaquil are from 8:00 am to 12:00 pm and from 1:00 pm to 4:30 pm. 

 

General Cargo Handling Terminals 

Terminal Information 

The international container terminal consists of three docks of 185 meters each and a storage area of ​​300,000 m2. The multipurpose terminal includes six 190 berths with 70,000 m2 of storage space, including 4,500 m2 to accommodate dangerous cargo and 3,200 m2 for refrigerated goods. 

The Bulk Terminal has a 189 m long dock, three silos and four warehouses to store 3,600 tons. There is also a grain warehouse with a capacity of 30,000 tons and three 9,000 m3 tanks to store heavy liquids such as oil. 

 

Multipurpose terminal 

 

Contecon Muelles Multipropòsito 

 

Berth 

Lenght(m) 

Deep (m) 

Nº 2 

185 

10 

Nº 3 

185 

10 

Nº 4 

185 

10 

Nº 5 

185 

10 

Nº 6 

185 

10 

 

 

Storage Type 

Berth 

Bagged Cargo 

Yes 

Refrigerated Cargo 

Yes 

General Cargo 

Yes 

Main Storage Terminal 

At the Contecon Terminal there are well-organized warehouses for both ground operations and classification in tall structures. Products have Contecon barcodes, any item can be identified and located immediately. The surface area of ​​the operational warehouses is 45,800 m2. 

image-20231020160206-10

Grain Handling Bulk Cargo 

Andipuerto Granel ANDIPUERTO is the concessionaire of the multipurpose bulk terminal and the largest dry bulk port facility in Ecuador. The terminal has an area of ​​13 hectares; it has a dock where ships up to 220 meters in length are received. 

 

Andipuerto Bulk Terminal Tariff  Andipuerto Tarifario 

Berth 

Lenght 

Deep 

Nº 1D 

155 m 

10 m 

 

Location  

Equipment 

Quantity  

Capacity 

Berth 

Hydraulic Forklift 

3 x 6m³; 3 x 10 m³, and 1 x 12m³ 

Payloaders 

 

Hoppers 

1 x 40m³ and 4 x 20m³ 

Tansport 

Terminal tractors Ottawa 

32 Ton. 

Hoppers 

35 Ton 

Platforms 

40’ 

Almacenes  

Grain Elevator 

8 Tm/h 

Forklifts 

14 

From 3 to 25 Tons. 

Bulk grain scoop 

3.5 Ton. 

Warehouse forklift  

 

Front payloader 

Caterpillar Model 938G II 

Mini Forklift 

Cat y Bobcat Model 287B ,  242B 

Tractors 

Cat Model D5G/LGP 

Bagging system 

 

 

Type of Cargo 

Warehouse 

Area (m²) 

Multipurpose 

Delta 

4.278,00 

Delta 2 

3.864,00 

Delta 3 

1.122,00 

Delta 4 

918,00 

Echo 

5.040,00 

Echo 2 

5.040,00 

Fox 

9.072,00 

Golf 

9.504,00 

Hotel 

9.072,00 

Juliet 

8.000,00 

Duomo y Anexo 

8.300,00 

 

 

 Type of Cargo 

Tank 

 Quantity  

 Capacity 

Liquid Bulk 

Steel 

3,00 

3200 Ton 

 

 

1,00 

240 Ton 

Type of Cargo 

Silos 

Quantity 

Capacidad 

Grain Dry 

Acero 

3,00 

6000 Ton 

2,00 

450 Ton 

Type of Warehousing 

Number of Facilities 

Area (m2) 

Bagged Cargo 

4 wrhses  8 bagging machines 

2,160 

Cold Cargo 

N/A 

 

General CArgo 

40 

103,000 

 

 

 

Stevedoring 

The Port of Guayaquil offers the stevedoring and unloading service. The port has adequate equipment and material, duly certified, which guarantees safety and efficiency in cargo handling. Various types of cargo are handled such as containers, agricultural products, general cargo, vehicles, machinery and project cargo. The stevedoring operation is carried out by private companies, classified and regulated by the National Government. The list and ranking of operators is carried out according to the type of activities and services they provide to the terminals (cargo handling, pilotage, towing, dredging, port storage and other activities). 

 

Hinterland Information 

By landway 

In banana export alone there is a weekly movement of around 1,500 trucks that transport the fruit from Guayas and the Los Ríos Association. The actual cost of the land cost from the Port of Guayaquil to the factories located within the city for 20 and 40 foot dry containers is around USD 180 and USD 250 respectively with a distance of about 15 km. The distances to the main provinces of origin and destination of cargo from the Port of Guayaquil are: Guayas 136km: Guayaquil, Durán, Milagro, La Libertad (136 km.) 11 Manabí 280km: Manta (193km), Jipijapa (254 km. ), Bahía de Caráquez (280km) El Oro 280km: Puerto Bolívar (193km) Pichincha 415 km: Sto. Domingo (287km), Quito (415km) Loja 415km: Loja (415km) 

By sea 

Ecuador has implemented the maritime security requirements contained in Chapter XI-2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea of ​​1974 and the International Code for the Protection of Ships and Port Facilities (ISPS) through the Merchant Marine Law of 2004 and the Maritime Protection Regulations of 2004. These regulations apply to all seaports in Ecuador and to passenger ships, cargo ships of 500 GRT or more and mobile offshore drilling units on voyages. international. 

Port Security 

The port of Guayaquil has been the subject of a modernization and improvement program in recent years after a significant financial investment. However, these developments have not resulted in a safer environment for foreign ships, moored along the port's docks or transiting its narrow river passages, which are said to be easy targets for local criminal gangs. While Ecuador has not traditionally been known as a global piracy hotspot, the number and malice of recent attacks on vessels has led the IMB to issue a warning to vessels transiting the river passage in Guayaquil, Ecuador. 

The warning comes after a series of incidents in which armed robbers approached and boarded vessels, including those under pilotage. The majority of incidents are reported to have taken place at night between the sea buoy and the entrance and/or exit of the channel. Tactics employed by criminals include shooting at ships to distract crew and allow drugs to be smuggled on board, especially in containers.2 

Ecuador has implemented the maritime security requirements contained in Chapter XI-2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea of ​​1974 and the International Code for the Protection of Ships and Port Facilities (ISPS) through the Merchant Marine Law of 2004 and the Maritime Protection Regulations of 2004. These regulations apply to all seaports in Ecuador, as well as passenger ships, cargo ships of 500 GRT or more and mobile offshore drilling units on international trips. 

Comprehensive security: The Port of Guayaquil is qualified with the International Code for the Protection of Ships and Port Facilities (ISPS), Zero Theft and the Business Alliance for Secure Commerce (BASC) Certification, in the process of ISO 9,000 and 28,000 certifications. 

Security Level

1 applies in territorial waters and maritime ports of Ecuador. Any change in the level of security or its area of ​​application will be communicated through notices to mariners, nautical advisories, circulars, VHF communication or any other appropriate means. 

  1. Centro de denuncia de piratería de la IMB (IMB PRC) imbkl@icc-ccs.org / piracy@icc-ccs.org. Roberto Barriga Maldonado de Larrea Canessa Barriga Abogados con sede en Guayaquil, Ecuador 

 

Security 

ISPS Compliant 

Yes  

Current ISPS Level  
(Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional) 

Police Boats 

Yes  

Fire Engines 

Yes  

 

Ecuador - 2.1.3 Port of Manta

 Port Overview 

The biggest advantage of the port of Manta is the depth of the water and easy access to berths. The port is designed to handle 2 million tonnes of cargo, 50,000 TEUs and around 60,000 vehicles per year. However, it lacks modern ship-to-shore cargo handling equipment and few covered storage facilities. The geographically central position of Manta is advantageous for the distribution of vehicles both to the north and south of the country, it is also the ideal geographical point to develop a port terminal for post-Panamax ships, because it is in the center of Ecuador, opposite to Asia. 

The Port of Manta is divided into two main terminals: 1) International Terminal and 2) Fishing and Cabotage Terminal. It also has two private port terminals and three fishing facilities under the same administration in its jurisdiction. Its dock is 110 hectares protected by a breakwater that allows a quick and practical operation for the arrival, loading and unloading of vessels. Being a Multipurpose Port, the facilities facilitate access for all types of vessels, guaranteeing easy maneuvering of vessels and loading, unloading and supplying operations. 

The main export product sent from Manta is fish. Shrimp, tagua, plastic and stationery are also exported. On the other hand, the terminal receives more than 95% of car imports from Ecuador. 

Manta-Manaus multimodal axis 

In the near future, the Port will have a direct connection to the various projects planned within the Manta-Manaus multimodal axis also known as the Central Logistics Corridor of Ecuador. This is articulated with the Manta airport development project, the Special Development Zone, ZEDE, road initiatives such as the Manta-Quevedo and Manta-Guayaquil highway and the new accesses to the Port. 

 

image-20231023110554-1

Source: JSC Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth 

 

The main economic activity of Manta consists of the capture and processing of tuna. The intense port movement in the Fishing and Cabotage Terminal, the same one that during 2022 mobilized 72,475.87 metric tons of industrial fishing landed in 268 vessels. In fact, one of the very important factories in the province is Conservas Isabel. The companies that bring together the largest number of Manabi workers are the tuna companies Inepaca, Conservas Isabel, Seafman, Tecopesca and Marbelize. Between 800 and 1,200 workers work there. Manta being the main fishing port of Ecuador, called the “Tuna Capital of the World” due to its high percentage of capture, unloading and processing of tuna from the Fishing and Cabotage Terminal of the port of Manta, has made Ecuador one of the 6 main countries worldwide that capture the tuna resource, according to a report from the Ministry of Foreign Trade, Aquaculture and Fisheries 

The Manta Fishing and Cabotage Terminal has an extension of more than 620 linear meters of dock for the service of the artisanal and industrial fishing sector. Very soon this dock capacity will increase with the construction of two jetty-type docks. As it is an open port, it has the protection of a breakwater along its entire length against waves and wind, which guarantees and facilitates maritime-port operations. 

Port website: : https://www.puertodemanta.gob.ec/ 

http://www.camae.org/puerto/autoridad-portuaria-de-manta-apm/ 

https://www.instagram.com/aportuariamanta/?hl=en 

Key port information may also be found at: http://www.maritime-database.com 

 

Port Location and Contact 

Country 

Ecuador 

Province or District 

Manabí 

Nearest Town or City 

with Distance from Port 

Manta (4.2 km) 

Port's Complete Name 

Port of Manta 

Latitude 

-0.959722 

Longitude 

-80.71722 

Managing Company or Port Authority 

 

Manta Port Authority 

Management Contact Person 

Ronald Lizandro Muñoz (from 27/06/2023) 

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures 

Eloy Alfaro International Airport. It is located on the shores of the Pacific Ocean in the city of Manta. Due to its strategic location, the Eloy Alfaro Air Base and the Manta Naval Air Station operate on the runway of this airport. 

Port Picture 

image-20231023110554-2

image-20231023110554-3

 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies 

http://www.puertodemanta.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/OPERADORES-PORTUARIOS.pdf 

For more information on port contacts, please see the following link: 4.4 Port and Waterways Companies Contact List. 

 

Port Performance 

The port has a storage area of ​​150,500 m2 divided into 12 warehouses for storage of containers, vehicles and general cargo. It has capacity for about 5,000 TEU or 4,000 vehicles. 

Currently, solid dry bulk cargo and international fishing predominate in the total cargo moved in the Port of Manta with approximately 65% ​​of the total. This category includes exports and imports of tuna, wheat and other frozen cereals. On the other hand, general cargo such as automobiles, machinery and equipment, vehicles, assembly parts, etc., represents 11% of the total; while 24% corresponds to liquid bulks such as vegetable oils and hydrocarbons. 

It has two docks, one 200 meters long and the other 300 meters long, with the capacity to receive 4 vessels simultaneously, that is, 800 linear meters of berths for the operation of container ships, bulk carriers, carts, fishing vessels and cruise ships. . . Both docks have a platform width of 45 meters each. It also has another 620 linear meters for exclusively fishing and cabotage activities. 

In 2022, 106,515 units of vehicles and machinery were serviced between import, export and transhipment, which represented 53% compared to 2021 (69,571 units); while liquid bulk -vegetable oils- had an increase of 17%. 

In the Port of Manta, three projects will be executed for a total of USD 10 million, which include the expansion of International Pier number 2 by an additional 60 meters, the construction of multipurpose warehouses and the enlargement of the monitoring center (CCTV). 

Seasonal Constraints 

 

Occurs 

Time Frame 

Rainy Season 

Yes  

From December to March. It rains between 150 to 250 mm³ annually 

Major Import Campaigns 

No 

 

Other Comments 

This area, due to the direct influence of the Cold Humboldt Current most of the year, is very dry and rainfall is extremely scarce. Unlike the rest of the Ecuadorian coast, whose climate is extremely hot, rainy and humid par excellence, the climate of Manta is very different, due to its geographical location in the Center – South of Ecuador. 

 

Handling Figures for 2022 

Vessel Calls 

700 international and ECU ships, 

 

(2021, 515 Intl and Ecu ships; 2020 186 ships) 

Container Traffic (TEUs) 

6500 containers in 2022. 

 

(2021 8,019 TEU's, 3,548 TEU's impo and 4,471 TEU's expo with average of 169 TEU's per vessel) 

 

 

Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk for 2022 

Bulk (MT) 

Total Bulk and Loose Cargo 

1,096,317 MT 2022 

 

(1,168,534 MT served in 2021; 1,013,000 MT in 2020) 

 

(463,333 MT in 1st half of 2023) 

Break bulk (MT) 

See previous figure 

Additional note: The Fishing and Cabotage Terminal mobilized 72,475.87 metric tons of industrial fishing landed in 268 vessels in 2022 

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges 

For detailed information on rates visit: https://www.tpm.ec/servicios-generales/  

 

Berthing Specifications 

Container, bulk and Ro-Ro operations can be carried out at berths with a 12m draft, allowing vessels with a draft of 11m. For RoRo vessels that only have a stern ramp, there are two dock ramps, at the end of each side of the first (inner) dock. Boats can approach to starboard or port, but the tidal range of approximately 3 meters should be considered when working on a fixed concrete ramp. 

Type of Berth 

Quantity 

Length 

(m) 

Maximum 

Draft (m) 

Comments 

Conventional Berth 

200m x  

45m w) 

 

Two 200-meter-long jetty-type docks with the capacity to receive 4 vessels simultaneously, that is, 800 linear meters of berths for the operations of container ships, bulk carriers, tankers, fishing vessels and cruise ships. 

 

Both docks have a platform width of 45 meters each. 

Container Berth 

Yes 

185m 

10m 

 

Silo Berth 

Yes 

N/A 

15m 

 

Berthing Tugs 

Yes 

 

 

Water Barges 

N/A 

 

 

Water supplier https://www.searates.com/port/manta_ec  

 
TPM has 2 jetty docks, one of 200 meters and the other that was extended by 100 meters, leaving 300 meters in length, which in turn offer 4 berths totaling 1000 linear meters capable of receiving four large vessels at the same time (commercial, tourism, fishing, etc.) simultaneously, that is, intended for the operations of container ships, bulk carriers, tankers, fishing vessels and cruise ships. Both docks have a platform width of 45 meters each and an average depth of 12.5 meters (MLWS). 

 

DOCK 1: 

Length: 200 meters. Width: 45 meters. Area: 9000 square meters 

Berth 1: Depth: 11 meters Cargo: All types of ship 

Berth 2: Depth: 12.5 meters Cargo: All types of ship 

 

DOCK 2: 

Length: 300 meters. Width: 45 meters Area: 9000 square meters 

Berth 1: Depth: 12.5 meters. Cargo: All types of ship 

Berth 2: Depth: 12.5 meters Cargo: All types of ship 

 

SUPPLIES 

Provisions: Yes 

Bunker: Yes. 

 

Water: Yes 

Lubricants: Yes 

Engines, parts: Yes 

https://www.searates.com/port/manta_ec 

General Cargo Handling Berths 

Services 

A) Solid Bulks (Wheat, corn, soybean paste, urea, klinker, Pet coke) National and International Fisheries 

Unloading cereal to truck • Direct unloading of frozen fish • Port area operation by crane • Use of Infrastructure for dry bulk • Use of Infrastructure for fishing 

B) Liquid Bulks (Fatty oils, sunflower, olive, caustic soda, biodiesel) 

• Loading/Unloading of liquid bulk from/to truck • Port area operation by crane • Use of Infrastructure for liquid bulk 

C) Refrigerated and Dry Containers 

• Loading and unloading of full container • Loading and unloading of empty container • Loading of full container transshipment • Container re-stacking • Crane movement (hold lids and removals) • Power connection of refrigerated containers for export • Power connection of containers refrigerated import • Container storage • Positioning and transfer for container inspection • Return inspection to container yard • Reception and delivery of full containers • Late arrival of containers • Transportation of full containers • Reception and delivery of empty containers • Shipping services support for the physical inspection of containerized merchandise • Consolidation and deconsolidation • Import weighing • Import seals 

D) Vehicles, Machinery 

Loading and Unloading of vehicles of equal or less than 3 tons • Loading and Unloading of vehicles of more than 3 tons • Reloading of vehicles less than 3 tons to the dock • Reloading of vehicles less than 3 tons on board • Movement of vehicles greater than or equal to to 3 tons • Movement of vehicles less than 3 tons • Tray • Fuel tanking • Vehicle storage • Reception and delivery of vehicles 

E) General Cargo 

Loading and unloading of general merchandise • Storage of general merchandise • Positioning for inspection of general merchandise • Return of inspection of general merchandise • Reception and delivery of general merchandise • Support services for the physical inspection of loose general merchandise 

 

Cargo Type 

Berth Identification 

Imports - Bagged Cargo 

N/A 

Exports - Bagged Cargo 

N/A 

Imports and Exports - RoRo 

N/A 

Other Imports 

In Imports, Ro-Ro Cargo Vessels arrive at the Port, General Cargo such as Iron, steel and other metals, various machines and equipment and parts for vehicle assembly, as well as containerized cargo with Tuna, Chemical Compounds and Various Preserved Foods. 

 

 

Port Handling Equipment 

TPM currently has the following port equipment: 

• 5 Tract trucks 

• 5 Platforms 

• 1 3 ton forklift 

• 2 Reach Stackers Container Ships (Full Containers) 

• 1 Reach Stacker Container Machine (Empty Containers) 

• 4 Scales 

• 60 Reefer Shots 

• 2 Mobile Port Crane (G HMK) 

• 4 Hoppers capacity 50 cubic meters 

• 4 SMAG Lifting Technologies Peiner Spoons capacity 12 cubic meters 

 

Equipment 

Available 

 

Total Quantity and Capacity Available 

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage 

Dockside Crane 

Yes  

Gottwald Kone Crane HMK 41mt 

image-20231023110554-4

Container Gantries 

No 

 

 

Mobile Cranes 

Yes  

Gottwald Kone Crane HMK 41mt 

image-20231023110554-5

Reachstacker 

Yes  

Reach stackers 40 tons, 2 x Kalmar (45 mt) Full cntnr. 1 x Kalmar 9 (mt) Empty cntnrs only 

image-20231023110554-6

RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer) 

Yes  

5 “Ottawa” tracto/trailers 

image-20231023110554-7

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines 

No* 

 

image-20231023110554-8

4 Hoppers 50m3 

image-20231023110554-9

4 Peiner scoop*  SMAG Lifting Technologies cap12m3 

 

Transtainer 

No 

 

 

Forklifts 

Yes  

Forklift 3 TM, Forklift  7 TM 

image-20231023110554-10

(*)Institutional Video unloading bulk cargo at Port of Manta: https://youtu.be/btutNgnecPE  

Container Facilities 

 

The Gottwald mobile crane can support the entire unloading process, but to be able to work with more than one group it is necessary to use ship rigging (Self Sustained Cranes). A port user reported that the mobile crane is often out of service. Once unloaded, the containers must be transported by truck for approximately 1.5 km to the storage yard. 

 

Facilities 

20 ft & 40 ft 

Container Facilities Available 

Yes 

Container Freight Station (CFS) 

Yes 

Refrigerated Container Stations 

60 Reefer outlets 

Other Capacity Details 

4 scales 

Daily Take Off Capacity  
(Containers per Day)  

N/A 

Number of Reefer Stations  
(Connection Points) 

60 outlets 

Emergency Take-off Capacity  

N/A 

Off take Capacity of Gang Shift  
(Containers per Shift)  

N/A 

 

Customs Guidance 

For import procedures, the following documentation/information will be required at the service windows of the Billing Department to obtain a gate pass: 

 

The cargo number authorized by SENAE. 

For procedures with SENAE authorizations through administrative acts, you must present a copy of the document (Providencia) 

Exit Authorization Letter (CAS) (Electronic or Physical) 

Copy of the Bill of Lading (BL), for the cases of General Cargo and Loose Cargo 

Data from the transport company, or name of the driver and license plate of the vehicle that will pick up the load. 

This documentation will be required by the access control booths before access. The gate pass may also be issued to the customs agent/assistant or other personnel authorized by the importer to carry out customs formalities. The requirements of the “Port Security Manual for the Issuance of Credentials and Provisional Permits” must be met. 

 

For cargo dispatch, warehouses have a scheduled delivery service with assigned shifts, taking into account the following aspects: 

 

Depending on availability, the customer chooses the most convenient shift to pick up their load. Shifts include the earliest and latest pick-up times. 

In the event that a client misses their turn (that is, does not arrive at the assigned time), it is possible to request another one the same day at the access control booths. 

For cases of Direct Debit (DD) or Advance Clearance (DA), verify that the customs procedure has been authorized and the operation is scheduled in the Customer Service Department. 

 

Terminal Information 

Malecón Avenue, Jaime Chávez Gutiérrez S/N and 20th Street (next to the entrance to the port) Blanket 

(+593) 5 370 2490 ext. 5100 

info@tpm.ec 

The Terminal has a registry of registered Land Transport Operators. For more information see: https://www.tpm.ec/operadores-de-transporte-terrestre/  y  https://tpm.ec/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/Copia-de-BASE-OTT18072022.pdf 

MULTIPURPOSE TERMINAL 

image-20231023110554-11

Photo: Courtesy TPM 

The Port of Manta is considered multipurpose; In other words, it can serve various market segments; Today, its international terminal, delegated to the company Manta Port Terminal (TPM), moves solid bulk cargo (wheat, urea and fish), liquid bulk (vegetable oils) and general cargo (machinery and vehicles); Meanwhile, the Port Authority of Manta, in charge of the administration of the Fishing and Cabotage Terminal, serves the industrial and artisanal fishing fleet; In addition, it has been making important investments in infrastructure to rebuild said terminal and recover port and fishing activity in the city of Manta, an objective that has been achieved with the help of the Ministry of Transportation and Public Works, with whom efforts are intensified to have with new pier-type docks that will double the capacity to serve the fishing fleet in terms of linear meters for docking vessels at 10, 9 and 7 meters draft; enabling more than 620 linear meters of access roads to the fishing terminal to facilitate port operations. 

 

GRAIN AND BULK HANDLING 

For the unloading manoeuvre it is necessary to use the ship's rigging (self-unloading peiner scoop). Best case: practical size bulk carrier of approximately 40,000 TDW, 4 to 5 hatches. The port has sufficient hoppers into which the cargo is unloaded; trucks pass underneath to take the cargo to a warehouse outside the dock. 

Institutional Video unloading bulk cargo at the Port of Manta: https://youtu.be/btutNgnecPE  

 

MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL 

For the storage of containers, vehicles and general cargo, there is a total area of ​​110,500m2, divided into 7 different patios. Depending on the type of cargo, it has capacity for 5,010 TEU or 4,240 vehicles (passenger cars). 

TPM has two yards for storage of different types of cargo such as vehicles, containers, general cargo, dangerous cargo, and bulk cargo. 

  • PATIO 600: 32,768.57 m2 

  • PATIO 500: 30,731.34 m2 

  • PATIO 200: 8,020.55 m2 

  • PATIO 800: 11,706.26 m2 

 

Storage Type 

Number of Storage Facilities 

Area (m2) 

Bagged Cargo 

110,500m2 TOTAL 

Refrigerated Cargo 

N/A 

General Cargo 

Stevedoring 

Cargo Operators are registered companies that provide services in the Port of Manta, whose services allow the management and execution of specialized technical activities for the transfer of loading and unloading carried out on ships/vessels; loading, unloading, storage, warehousing, mobilization services in the port area, stowage, re-stowage and unloading, etc. Port cargo operators have specialized machines, equipment, tools and safety implements for their properly trained and specialized workers. 

 

Hinterland Information 

Malecón Avenue, Jaime Chávez Gutiérrez S/N and 20th Street (next to the entrance to the port) Blanket 

(+593) 5 370 2490 ext. 5100 

nfo@tpm.ec 

The Terminal has a registry of registered Land Transport Operators. For more information consult: 

https://www.tpm.ec/operadores-de-transporte-terrestre/   and 

https://tpm.ec/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/Copia-de-BASE-OTT18072022.pdf 

ACCESS TO THE PORT AREA 

Access to the port facilities is through Jaime Chávez Gutiérrez Avenue (Malecón) and 4 de Noviembre Avenue, which is 4 km long and connects the port with the routes to Quito and Guayaquil. The lateral passage, 18 km long, interconnects the port with the Manta - Rocafuerte - Quito road; Manta - Montecristi - Jipijapa - Nobol - Guayaquil, built to decongest vehicular traffic. The 8.5 km long Puerto - Airport road forms the peripheral ring with the lateral passage and connects with the Manta-Montecristi-Guayaquil highway. The Coastal Route connects the port of Manta with all the tourist sites in Ecuador. The Avenue of Culture is quickly interconnected with the lateral passage allowing quick mobilization towards the road to Portoviejo. 

 

ACCESS TO THE SERVICE AREA 

Dock access rules 

Access to the docks and traffic areas of the ports, to people and vehicles that, due to their functions or services therein, are duly authorized. It is the responsibility of the maritime authority and/or whoever has jurisdiction to grant these authorizations to passengers and other people boarding the ships, as well as to the crew of the ships in port. It is the responsibility of the APM to grant access authorizations to all types of vehicles and people involved in the execution and conservation of works and facilities, in loading, unloading operations, circulation in the docks and everything related to the use of the different works intended for them. to port operations. Non-public servants who depend on the authorities who, due to their function, must enter the port, will be provided with sufficient documentation, and must show said documentation to the guards and security when required to do so. 

Industrial vehicles and machinery. 

The access of industrial vehicles and mobile machinery will be authorized in each case by the Comprehensive Security Directorate of the APM, which may control the characteristics and state of conservation and operation, in accordance with the provisions of the ISPS Code and/or BASC, without any liability arising for the APM or its staff, in the event of an accident. 

MOVING AROUND THE SERVICE AREA 

Vehicles 

Vehicles of all types that circulate through the port must do so with due precautions and respecting existing traffic signs. When crossing the tracks or stopping on them to take or leave cargo, in cases where this is not expressly prohibited, they will do so with the driver being willing to remove it from the road as soon as necessary. The unit loads per axle, as well as the tire inflation pressure, will not be higher than those established by national road standards or specific standards issued by the Ministry of Transportation and Public Works, MTOP. The exhaust pipes of internal combustion engines will be closed or explosion-protected type. The circulation of light vehicles (cars, motorcycles, etc.) is prohibited due to the loading and unloading area, understood as that located under the radius of action of cranes and other facilities for handling goods. Vehicles will not be allowed to travel through the general circulation areas of the docks and service roads at speeds greater than 60 kilometers per hour, nor through other places other than the roads intended for their transit. 

Port Security 

Ecuador has implemented the maritime security requirements contained in Chapter XI-2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea of ​​1974 and the International Code for the Protection of Ships and Port Facilities (ISPS) through the Merchant Marine Law of 2004 and the Maritime Protection Regulations of 2004. These regulations apply to all seaports in Ecuador, as well as passenger ships, cargo ships of 500 GRT or more and mobile offshore drilling units on international trips. 

Security Level 1 applies in territorial waters and maritime ports of Ecuador. Any change in the level of security or its area of ​​application will be communicated through notices to mariners, nautical advisories, circulars, VHF communication or any other appropriate means. 

 

Security 

ISPS Compliant 

Yes  

Current ISPS Level  
(Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional) 

Police Boats 

Yes  

Fire Engines 

Yes  

Ecuador - 2.1.4 Port of POSORJA (Guayaquil Area)

 

Port Overview

The Posorja Smart Deep Water Port has a privileged geographical location on the west coast of the South Pacific and its expeditious maritime access channel with a depth of 16 meters, which allows the entry of Neo Panamax vessels with a capacity of up to 15,000 TEU, the largest in the shipping industry.

The Container Port Performance Index (CPPI) places the Smart Deep Sea

Water Puerto de Posorja in the Top 10 efficient ports in South America, Central America and the Caribbean.

Through this Port, Ecuador connects directly with the main markets of

Northern Europe, Asia, Mediterranean, Caribbean, Central America and the west coast of South America.

 

image-20231030134455-1

Courtesy https://www.dpworld.com/es/ecuador

 

Port website:  https://www.dpworld.com/es/ecuador

Key port information may also be found at: http://www.maritime-database.com

 

Port Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Guayas

Nearest Town or City

with Distance from Port

Guayaquil, 85km 

Port's Complete Name

Posorja Deep Waters Port

Latitude

 

-2.7081505,

Longitude

-80.24097

Managing Company or Port Authority

DP World Posorja https://www.dpworld.com/es/ecuador

Management Contact Person

Carlos Merino, CEO de DP World Ecuador

Port Operator,  FCL       +593 4 380 4850 dpworldposorja.com.ec

Nearest Airport and Airlines with Frequent International Arrivals/Departures

José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport

 

American Airlines, Avianca, Copa Airlines, Iberia, KLM, LAN, Air Europa, Latam, TACA, TAME, UPS

Port Picture

https://portalportuario.cl/wp-content/uploads/2022/12/BUQUE-ARGENTINAA-dp-world-posorja.jpg

Fuente: https://portalportuario.cl/dp-world-posorja-atiende-a-buque-de-mayor-capacidad-que-ha-arribado-a-ecuador/

 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

 

Compañia

Servicios

Contacto

Correo electrónico/ Website

Andipuerto Guayaquil S.A.

Multipurpose grain terminal, bulk

 

info@andinave.com

Aretina

Port Logistics Operator FCL, bulk, warehouse, container yard

 

info@aretina.com

Contecon Guayaquil S.A. 

Port Terminal Operator

+593 4 600 6300

info@cgsa.com.ec

DPWorld Posorja

Port Operator,  FCL

+593 4 380 4850

dpworldposorja.com.ec

Ecuaestibas S.A. 

Tugs, berthing

+593 042 517 360 

ebrito@ecuaestibas.com

M&C Surveyors

Consultancy and surveying services to the marine, commodities and insurance sectors

+51947245898  

operations@mcsurveyors.com

Petrocomercial

Fuel, bunkering, greases, oil products

043803000 

www.eppetroecuador.ec

Puerto Trinitaria - Trinipuerto S. A

Support Activities for Rail Transportation

+593 4 269 7244

 

QC Terminales Ecuador 

Port Terminal, Bulk oil, chemical, warehouse

 

www.qcterminales.com/

Setmabas S.A. 

Ship services, technical support and supplies

+593 4-202-8158

www.setmabas.com.ec/

Terminal Portuario de Guayaquil TPG 

Port Terminal, FCL

 

www.tpg.com.ec

 

Port Performance

2019     Start of operations

  • The aspiration of DP World Posorja in its first year of operation is to move 250,000 to 300,000 teus. Due to its draft level, its projection is to receive neo-post-Panamax vessels, 330 meters in length and which usually carry around 10,000 teus.

 

  • Has handled thousands of containers and more than 40 Post-Panamax vessels. Posorja is expected to receive an annual volume of 750,000 TEUs during the first phase, and 1.5 million TEUs at full port capacity.

 

2021

  • The new record was achieved after the docking of the container ship “Jean Gabriel”, of the CMA CGM shipping company, a 299-meter-long ship, which after an efficient operation, set sail on March 31, 2021 with a draft of 14. 48 meters, this being the vessel with the greatest depth that has left Ecuador.

 

  • DP World Posorja confirms its leadership in offering cutting-edge technology with the international recognition granted by Furukawa Electric and which places it as one of the ports with the greatest technology on the west coast of South America.

 

2022

  • DP World Posorja (Guayaquil) once again stands out for its operational efficiency, productivity and service, ranking No. 19 globally and 2nd. in the region of Central and South America and the Caribbean, according to the world ranking Container Port Performance Index 2022  CPPI By Region 2022 (CPPI), prepared and published by the World Bank and S&P Global Market.

 

  • In less than three years of operations, DP World Posorja is already located in the top 10 of efficient ports in South America, Central and the Caribbean

 

  • Capture of 30% of the banana export market, which goes to northern Europe.

 

  • DP World Posorja, responsible for the Posorja Deepwater Port, set records in productivity figures at the regional level, reaching movements of up to 47.1 containers per hour. This translates into each crane loading or unloading 47.1 containers every hour.

 

  • The deep-water Guayaquil port in Posorja marks a new milestone: having reached 1 million TEUs mobilized since the beginning of its operations in August 2019, under a high level of port security and efficiency.

Seasonal Constraints

 

Occurs

Time Frame

Rainy Season

Yes

From December to March

Major Import Campaigns

No

 

Other Comments

 

 

Handling Figures for 2022

Vessel Calls

Data not available

https://www.dpworld.com/en/ecuador/our-services/ports-and-terminals/dp-world-posorja

Container Traffic (TEUs)

55,000 TEU’s  ( installed capacity x year)

 

Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk for 2022

Bulk (MT)

N/A

Break bulk (MT)

N/A

 

 

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges

https://www.eluniverso.com/resizer/t-ped45ccw0GQ6tSh4PhnK88nsE=/1192x670/smart/filters:quality(70)/cloudfront-us-east-1.images.arcpublishing.com/eluniverso/TRGXGNL3NFC5TIN353TDSFZF2Y.jpg

Photo: Courtesy DP World Posorja

For information on rates please see: https://www.dpworld.com/en/ecuador/information/rates

 

Berthing Specifications

Type of Berth

Quantity

Length

(m)

Maximum

Draft (m)

Comments

Conventional Berth

Mo

   

 

Container Berth

Yes

400m

15m

 

Silo Berth

No

   

 

Berthing Tugs

N/A

   

 

Water Barges

No

   

 


For more information see: https://www.dpworld.com/en/ecuador/our-services/ports-and-terminals/dp-world-posorja

 

 

General Cargo Handling Berths

Cargo Type

Berth Identification

Imports - Bagged Cargo

No

Exports - Bagged Cargo

No

Imports and Exports - RoRo

N/A

Other Imports

Container berth

 

Port Handling Equipment

Equipment

Available

Total Quantity and Capacity Available

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage

Dockside Crane

Yes

4

Quay crane Nave-Puerto

Container Gantries

Yes

5

El puerto está equipado con una infraestructura de clase mundial y cuenta con las grúas pórtico más grandes de Sudamérica.

Mobile Cranes

Yes

15

Rubber-tire-gantry cranes (RTG).

Reachstacker

Yes

   

RoRo Tugmaster (with Trailer)

Yes

   

Grain Elevator with Bagging Machines

No

   

Transtainer

Yes

5

 

Forklifts

Yes

   

 

Container Facilities

image-20231030134455-2

In 2021, the DP World Logistics Center in Durán completed one year of operation. These facilities are located in a strategic industrial area and have a portfolio of integrated logistics services such as: empty container warehouse, container yard and cargo warehouses.

 

Facilities

20 ft

40 ft

Container Facilities Available

17.3 hectares total 20'+40'

Annual Installed Capacity of 55,000 TEUs

 

Container Freight Station (CFS)

40

 

Refrigerated Container Stations

2,184 constant temperature monitoring electrical outlets

 

Other Capacity Details

   

Daily Take Off Capacity
(Containers per Day)

In 2022 record, 47 containers / hour

 

Number of Reefer Stations
(Connection Points)

2,184 constant temperature monitoring electrical outlets

 

Emergency Take-off Capacity

In 2022 record, 47 containers / hour

 

Off take Capacity of Gang Shift
(Containers per Shift)

   

image-20231030134455-3

Cortesía https://www.dpworld.com/es/ecuador

 

Customs Guidance

IMPORTATION PROCESS

The first step is for all actors to register (transport company/exporter and customs agent if applicable. The instructions for company registration are detailed below: https://www.dpworldposorja.com.ec/download  /registro-de-usuarios/ and the link to find the requirements https://www.dpworldposorja.com.ec/requisitos-dponline/.

Note the requirements that you must upload on the DPOnline platform during your registration:

• Updated RUC

• Appointment of the Legal Representative

• ID or Passport of the Legal Representative

• Declaration of Security and Anti-drug Conduct signed by the Legal Representative

• Return for the last month of electricity, water or telephone services

• Sketch of the company address

• Screen print of the registration in Ecuapass: “Customer Support” option

• Modify user registration information.

• Modify foreign trade representative registration information.

• It must include: -Company information – Operation information.

 

 The Anti-drug Safety and Conduct Declaration can be found at this link

https://www.dpworldposorja.com.ec/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Declaracion-de- Seguridad-y-Conducta-Anti-Drogas.pdf

After you have the username and password, you must continue with the following steps.

The second step must associate the transport companies with which you work with your profile, instructive detail for that purpose: https://www.dpworldposorja.com.ec/download/sociacion-companies-creacion-usuarios-dependientes/

The third step for the import, you must first invoice the services, consider the following instructions, where you can find the steps to invoice and our collection channel: https://www.dpworldposorja.com.ec/download/facturacion-pagos-estados-cuenta /

The fourth step is to make the import departure appointment. It must be generated when you have an authorized departure by SENAE, CAS of the authorized shipping company and the payment for our services. In this link you will find the instructions that you must follow  https://www.dpworldposorja . com.ec/download/creacion-manejo-citations-conteneres/  

In addition to the above detailed, I would like to detail the Notices of our company related to export cargo:

Notice of Export Payment Collection Channel https://www. dpworldposorja.com.ec/download/25-noviembre-2021-canales-recaudacion/

Notice of Agility to enter the Port in inspections and/or capacity https://www. dpworldposorja.com.ec/download/12-de-mayo-2022-important-information-entrance-to-the-port-facility-inspections-capacity/

If you have any questions or queries, please contact us in order to provide you with the respective support as soon as possible.

We put at your disposal the Automatic Notification Service, with which you can receive information on the traceability of your container from its entry or unloading to its departure or boarding.

https://www.dpworldposorja.com.ec/download/dponline-servicio-notificaciones- automaticas/

Concerns will be received through the following channels:

Email:servicioalcliente.posorja@dpworld.com Telephone: + 593 4 3806100 – Option 1

Note: For requests after 5:00 p.m., weekends and holidays, please contact + 593 98 075 0099

 

Terminal Information

 

MULTIPURPOSE TERMINAL

No

GRAIN AND BULK HANDLING

No

 

MAIN STORAGE TERMINAL

 

El centro logístico Duran cuenta con un espacio de 17.3 hectáreas, moderno, amplio y seguro dividido en dos grandes áreas: la primera para consolidación de carga de banano y carga seca como cacao y café; y la segunda, para el depósito de contenedores vacíos.

El espacio destinado para la consolidación de banano tiene 8 bahías de carga y descarga a nivel de la plataforma

En la segunda área, destinada para depósito de contenedores vacíos, se brindará el servicio de lavado, taller y mantenimiento. A esto se suma otros servicios como estiba y paletizado; zona de contenedores refrigerados y realización de PTI.

El centro logístico cuenta con una plaza de transporte, con capacidad de 40 camiones y oficinas administrativas. Adicionalmente, se está trabajando en un convenio con la Policía Nacional Antinarcóticos quienes realizarán inspecciones en el Centro Logístico.

 

Contenedores

 

El depósito se encuentra en el interior del puerto en Posorja y es complementario al ya inaugurado depósito de contenedores, que funciona en el moderno Centro logístico en Durán. Cuenta con 2.184 tomas eléctricas de monitoreo constante de temperatura de contenedores de la terminal y tiene una capacidad anual de 55.000 TEUS.

 

 

Stevedoring

Information not available

Hinterland Information

The project results in being the first Smart Deepwater port terminal in Ecuador with a capacity to receive Neo Panamax vessels of up to 15,000 TEUS, a new 21 km road to give direct, orderly and safe access to the port, a new and more secure access channel 16.5 meters deep and 21 nautical miles long, and finally, a Logistics and Industrial Park next to the port in Posorja with ZEDE (Special Economic Development Zone) modality.

Port Security

The port in Posorja now has the highest technology in fiber optic communications infrastructure to optimize its administrative and logistical processes, and thus provide 100% optimal connections to all its staff. It has cranes that communicate with each other and with all the dock systems, the container yard, the communication boxes and with the two computer centers that are located in the administrative building and in the workshop, which allows communications. redundant online. Likewise, equipment with the Navis TOS operating system is installed on the gantry cranes, which is connected to other computer systems in the port; security camera systems are also included.

 

SAFETY RULES FOR CARRIERS

DO NOT take photographs or make videos inside the port facility.

DO NOT bring any type of weapons or explosive devices of any type.

DO NOT enter artifacts that may cause harm to third parties.

NOT receive or give money to DP World staff or contractor in exchange for a service.

Use PPE – Personal Protective Equipment.

Check that the vehicle does not have leaks or mechanical problems.

Respect and comply with traffic laws.

Rest enough before starting a journey driving a vehicle.

 

SAFETY RULES FOR TRAFFIC IN GENERAL

The maximum speed allowed INSIDE THE TERMINAL in a straight line is 30km/h and in curves is 15Km/h.

The maximum speed on the ROAD for heavy vehicles is 70 km/h in a straight line and for access curves to roundabouts or others it must be less than 30 km/h to avoid overturning. IMPORTANT: The authority has installed radars along the road.

The driver is NOT allowed to talk or chat on the phone while driving.

It is MANDATORY to use the seat belt at all times.

Driving against traffic is PROHIBITED.

For more information on security contact: controldeaccesos.psj@dpworld.com

Telephone: + 593 4 3804850 / + 593 4 3806100 – Ext: 2071, 2072, 2073

 

 

Security

ISPS Compliant

Yes

Current ISPS Level
(Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional)

1

Police Boats

Yes

Fire Engines

Yes

 

Ecuador - 2.2 Aviation

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/ECU_LCA_Airports_A4P_20210730.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1627993823000%26api%3Dv2

 

In Ecuador there are twenty-one (21) airports. Four international certified airports (Quito, Guayaquil, Manta and Latacunga). Only 2 are receiving a significant number of international flights (more than 10 airlines): 1) “Mariscal Sucre” (SEQM) in Quito, operated by Corporación Quiport S.A. and 2) “José Joaquín de Olmedo” (SEGU) in Guayaquil operated by Terminal Aeroportuaria de Guayaquil S.A.

 

Note: The Manta Airport is in transition of management from the DGAC to the Decentralized Autonomous Government GAD Manta or some other operating institution while the Latacunga Airport is operated by the DGAC

 

Currently, Cuenca Airport “Mariscal La Mar” (SECU) is in the adaptation process, which dates back to several years of efforts and significant technical investments, to obtain certification as an international airport. However, statements and inscriptions of the International Airport or “Internationalization of the Airport” are constantly verified. The technical evaluation is scheduled for the end of 2023.

Cargo flight movements in Ecuador are operated through both regular and ad-hoc flights. The number of cargo flights entering Ecuador is increasing at a rate of 1% annually while the number of cargo flights leaving the country is increasing at a rate of 3% annually.

 

Challenges and Progress

Ecuador has positioned itself as an important air market after the 2020 pandemic. Currently, the country has recovered its connectivity strongly: close to 10% above the levels of March 2019 for domestic traffic and 83% of the same period for international traffic.1

Peter Cerdá, Regional Vice President for the Americas of IATA2, highlighted three fronts that must be addressed by the authorities, in order to enhance air connectivity for passengers and cargo, which in turn boost tourism, trade, logistics and foreign investment in the country*:

1) Dialogue with municipal authorities to explore growth opportunities and with air operators to evaluate an airport cost structure,

2) Review overflight and traffic control service rates since they are currently some of the highest in Latin America and this can negatively influence market competitiveness.

3) Grow the domestic and international connectivity of other cities in Ecuador and thus provide many more opportunities to the country.

 

(*) Ecuador Aviation Day, extract, Opening speech – Peter Cerdá June 21, 2023

Note: References verbatim

 

Supervising Authority

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-3_20-33-54.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1627994034000%26api%3Dv2

General Directorate of Civil Aviation (Directorate General of Civil Aviation) is the civil aviation authority of Ecuador located in Quito. It oversees the regulation and safety of civil aviation, including airplanes, airports and pilots. This directorate as a government entity is in charge of the management and development of the country's civil aviation industry. Ecuador DGAC implements technical directives as well as quality assurance protocols in compliance with national and international standards.

The Civil Aviation Authority of Ecuador also investigates aviation accidents and incidents and has the following functions:

Provide safe and efficient air navigation services to all aircraft flying within the airspace of Ecuador.

Develop and maintain operational safety oversight capacity, in accordance with the standards established by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO); and work with/advise the Government of Ecuador on technical issues affecting the aviation industry.

Implement government policies on civil aviation and coordinate and advise stakeholders on general development issues affecting civil aviation.

Civil Aviation Law of Ecuador Aviación Civil 

Civil Aeronautical Code of Ecuador  Código-Aeronáutico

 

ICAO Convention on International Civil Aviation - Doc 7300

Ecuador acceded to the ICAO Convention on International Civil Aviation - Doc 7300, with the date of deposit of the instrument of ratification or notification of accession, August 20, 1954

 

SAR Rescue and Fire Fighting in Ecuador

The Search and Rescue (SAR) and fire extinguishing service in accidents or other aeronautical emergencies is coordinated with the ECU 911 Integrated System www.ecu911.gob.ec  

[How to report an emergency: https://www.ecu911.gob.ec/como-reportar-al-9-1-1/]

The Search and Rescue Coordination Center (RCC) and Meteorological Instrument Management are recently located at the Technical School of Civil Aviation www.etac.edu.ec  (ETAC). The relocation will allow the services provided by RCC Quito to be enhanced 24/7 throughout the year:

Coordination of search procedures for lost or accident aircraft.

• Coordination of rescue procedures for flight crews and passengers.

• Coordination of alerts from the COSPAS SAR-SAT system regarding emergency activations of aircraft.

• Coordination of aircraft emergency location transmitter (ELT) checks.

With the new facilities, the RCC will be able to establish working groups with public and private SAR organizations in Quito and the rest of the country, and thus improve the immediate coordination required to address aircraft cases in emergency situations.

Airlines currently operating (2023)

This is a non-exhaustive and statistical list of active airlines3

Domestic flights

Latam Airlines, Avianca. Aeroregional, EquAir

With regular services from/to: Quito, Guayaquil, Cuenca, Loja, Manta, Galapagos, etc.

Movement: More than 5 million passengers served nationwide (2022)

International flights

Aerolineas Argentinas, Across, Aeroméxico, Aeroregional, Air Europa, American Airlines, Arajet, Avianca, Conviasa, Copa Airlines, Delta, Eastern, EquAir, Estelar, GOL Linhas, Grupo Aéreo Monterrey, Iberia, Jet Blue, KLM, Latam, Spirit, TACA, United Airlines, Viva Aerobus, World Atlantic, Wingo.

Movement: More than 3.8 million passengers were mobilized in international air connectivity (2022)

Source: Ministry of Transport and Public Works  Movimiento Aéreo Pasajeros 2022

 

Procedures for Foreign Registered Aircraft

 

A.- Permanence of private foreign aircraft in Ecuador for less than 48 hours

B.- Authorization for private aircraft to remain in Ecuador for more than 48 hours and a single entry.

C.- Authorization for private aircraft to remain in Ecuador for more than 48 hours and multiple entries

Standard Entry, transit and exit of aircraft: Aeronaves Reglamento

 

Special authorization for long-term stay

 

Without prejudice to the provisions of the previous section, the DGAC may authorize the permanence of aircraft with foreign registration, used in corporate or executive aviation for up to periods of 12 months, as long as their operator is a national or foreign legal entity that accredits business. permanent in Ecuador and abroad, which require frequent entries and exits of the aircraft to and from Ecuadorian territory or its permanence for prolonged periods.

The request for the corresponding authorization must contain, in addition to the requirements provided for in Form 100VP, those pertinent to the development of the following corporate or executive activities:

 

Description of the company's permanent businesses in Ecuador and abroad.

Type of operations to be carried out in Ecuador (transportation of company personnel or equipment, etc.)

Ecuadorian airports where the aircraft is expected to mainly operate.

Certificate of existence and legal representation of the company, if it is Ecuadorian, or of the establishment of a branch in Ecuador, if it is foreign.

 

Authorization conditions

The corresponding authorization for entry and exit flights to and from the country, and for test or demonstration flights, will be issued by the Operations Division. The aircraft must not begin their arrival flight until they have expressly received such authorization. Without prejudice to this authorization, the owners of the aircraft must comply with the requirements of Customs, Immigration, and other Ecuadorian state agencies.

 

In accordance with the provisions of Article 16 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation, the DGAC reserves the right to inspect foreign-registered aircraft that are in Ecuador, and to examine their certificates and other documents, prescribed in said article. Agreement, without prejudice to the jurisdiction of other authorities.

 

In application of Article 11 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation, once the entry and/or stay of any foreign aircraft in Ecuador is authorized, the aspects related to its entry, or exit, or its operation and navigation, will be subject to the Laws. and Aeronautical Regulations of Ecuador.

This authorization can only be used by private aircraft with foreign registration, and that operate in their countries of origin under this modality, not for commercial purposes in air transport. These aircraft must only transport their crew members, the owner, their relatives and guests on pleasure trips, and in the case of companies, the flights must only transport the owner, executives and company personnel.

The values ​​generated by the operation of the aircraft in Ecuadorian territory will be paid before leaving the country.

 

General requirements for authorization

 

The authorization to obtain a multiple entry permit will be valid until the last day of the year in which the authorization was requested.

 

The legal stay in Ecuador for foreign crew and passengers must be subject to the Immigration Law and this authorization does not exempt compliance with other government requirements.

 

Comply with the requirements and formalities of Customs, Immigration and Health at the international airports of arrival and departure of the Republic of Ecuador.

 

Comply with the standards contained in the Civil Aviation Law and its regulations, as well as the stipulations issued by the authorities of their countries, regarding brands, registration, certificate of airworthiness, insurance policy, flight personnel license, aircraft manuals. aircraft and any other appropriate documentation required for safe operation within Ecuadorian airspace.

 

Follow the procedures and air routes as previously established by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation in the AIP Manual (Aeronautical Information Publication of Ecuador), or in any publication legally recognized by the aeronautical industry.

 

Promptly notify the Ecuadorian aeronautical authority or the Area Control Centre of the point at which the GUAYAQUIL FIR/UIR will be crossed and your intention to enter Ecuadorian airspace.

If you have a valid permit, its number must be placed as Other Data in the IFR/ICAO flight plan presented at the point of origin.

 

Once the above instructions are fulfilled at the first international airport of arrival, the foreign aircraft can operate within Ecuadorian territory, always observing the stipulations contained in the Civil Aviation Law and its Regulations.

 

When the aircraft leaves the Equator, it may do so without some or all of the people who entered with that aircraft. These people can leave Ecuador on another date, and by any other means of transportation, but these people must comply with immigration regulations.

 

Authorizations for multiple entries must be requested from:

Dirección General de Aviación Civil  (General Directorate of Civil Aviation)

Buenos Aires Oe1-53 y 10 de Agosto

Quito, D.M.

Fax: 593 2 2506592 / 593 2 2221590 / 593 2 2238364

Web: www.dgac.gov.ec

E-mail: jefe_ops@dgac.gov.ec

Teléfono: 593 2 2562997 / 593 2 2221590.

 

Operator, Aircraft and Crew Documentation

  • Air operator certificate
  • Registration certificate
  • Insurance certificate

Airworthiness certificate

  • Crew licenses
  • Engineer certificates
  • Maintenance authorization certificate
  • Aircraft registration
  • Type and brands
  • Aircraft serial number
  • Scheduled dates from and to Ecuador
  • Desired flights within the country
  • Expected passenger numbers and cargo load
  • Insurance policies for each aircraft that will be operated.

For Aeronautical Personnel Licenses see: SIPA Aviacioncivil

 

The Application must include

• Identification of the aircraft by its nationality and registration marks.

• Make, model and serial number of the aircraft and its engines and propellers.

• Name of the requesting operator, including its telephone number and AFS address, email or postal code, where the response is sent.

• Names of the crew in charge, along with their number of licenses issued or validated by the State of registration of the aircraft.

• Number of non-crew occupants entering and leaving the country on the aircraft.

• Airport(s) of entry and exit to and from Ecuador (being international airports) and deadlines for this purpose.

• Approximate dates and times planned for entry and exit.

• Place or places (city and airport) where the aircraft will remain or operate.

• Place (address and telephone) where the crew can be found in Ecuador.

• Reason for stay. If the reason is to carry out demonstration flights, they must know the names or be interested in the demonstration. In the case of repair or maintenance, indicate the name of the workshop, the type of work and its approximate duration.

 

How and Where to Get It

Online

https://www.gob.ec/dgac . Select the online form button https://apps.aviacioncivil.gob.ec/form_vuelos_privados/Login/login  and proceed to fill out the required data and print the receipt to receive authorization.

 

In person

Request authorization to enter and exit the country, attaching the documents accrediting the team and crew to receive authorization.

Service channels: Online (Site/Web Portal/Web Application), In-person.

In person: Directorate of Aeronautical Inspection and Certification

Quito: Buenos Aires OE1-53 and Av. 10 de August (+593) 2 2947400 Ext. 4000/4001

Guayaquil: Av. de las Américas and José Alavedra Tama (+593) 2 2947400 Ext. 2030/2031

Opening hours: MON – FRI 08:00 - 16:30

 

Contact: Directorate of Aeronautical Inspection and Certification Email: info@aviacioncivil.gob.ec

Telephone: 22947400 extensions 4900/4940

 

 

Procedure for the Issuance of Overflight Permit

Procedure aimed at providing authorization that allows international airlines to carry out overflights over the airspace, in accordance with regulations, publication and documentation of aeronautical technical information of the General Directorate of Civil Aviation.

 

Addressed to:

Legal Person - Private, Legal Person - Public, Natural Person - Ecuadorian, Natural Person - Foreign.

Aircraft pilots, flight operations technicians, citizens

National and international air operators

Armed Forces of Ecuador, National Police, INAMHI, National Secretariat for Management of

Risks, Military Geographic Institute, Embassies

 

Mandatory Requirements:

1. FORMAT-200/DGAC ECUADOR Form

2. Aircraft registration certificate

3. Certificate of Airworthiness

4. Aircraft insurance policy

5. Proof of payment for international funds transfer

6. Maximum takeoff weight

Procedure:

1. Request the General Directorate of Civil Aviation for overflight permission using the "FORMATO-200/DGAC ECUADOR", attaching copies of: aircraft registration, airworthiness certificate, current insurance policy, maximum takeoff weight certificate.

2. Pay the overflight fee

3. Receive overflight permission

Note: For more information about the procedure, contact the email: juan.dominguez@aviacioncivil.gob.ec

Cost:

The cost is defined by the National Civil Aviation Council and depends on the maximum takeoff weight of the aircraft (MTOW) versus the distance in miles that the aircraft flies over Ecuadorian territory.

The procedure is in person.

Place:

General Directorate of Civil Aviation

Quito: Buenos Aires OE1-53 and Av. 10 de Agosto

(+593) 2 2947400 Ext. 4900 / 4950

Guayaquil: Av. de las Américas and José Alavedra Tama

(+593) 2 2947400 Ext. 2030 / 2031

Attention schedule:

MON - FRI

08:00 - 16:30

 

Operation of Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPAs) “Drone”

 

Abstract: The term “drone” is defined as unmanned aircraft. The word “drone” is of English origin and its translation into Spanish is “bumblebee”, a name that was given thanks to the similar sound that its propellers emit when they are operating.

Drones in Ecuador are regulated by the Regulations for the Operation of Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPAs), Resolution No. DGAC - DGAC-2020-0110-R, issued by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation on November 4, 2020. , which establishes that drones may not be operated in the vicinity of airfields, heliports, intangible zones, State security zones, among others. In addition, these devices must be registered with the General Directorate of Civil Aviation and have damage insurance to operate, which can be purchased from $3,000 to $12,000 depending on the weight of the drone. Its maximum operating height is 122 meters above ground level. terrain and the hours allowed for its operation are between sunrise and sunset, making use of appropriate meteorological conditions.

Regulation: https://www.aviacioncivil.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2020/11/5-DGAC-DGAC-2020-0110-R-Reglamento-de-RPAs-1.pdf

 

Includes: Special RPA flight request format, see page 12

 

Modification Effective since April 14, 2023 includes latest modifications https://www.aviacioncivil.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2020/11/5-DGAC-DGAC-2020-0110-R-Reglamento-de-RPAs-1.pdfR-Reglamento-de -RPAs-1.pdfimage-20240513094209-1

Regular use of drones currently in Ecuador

•           National Police

In order to regulate conflictive and dangerous sectors, the National Police has implemented highly qualified intelligence squads that use drones in its ranks.

•           Fire brigade

Trained in the handling of drones with thermal imaging cameras for fire detection and operations, night vision cameras to be used in search and rescue missions, sensors for terrain coordinates, drones with objective technology up to 200x.

• ECU911

Since August 23, 2021, the ECU911 Integrated Security System has a fleet of twenty-three drones that add to the two that it had previously acquired, with the purpose of more effectively articulating and managing possible emergencies that may occur. raise in Ecuador

• Risk and disaster management.

Used by the National Risk and Emergency Management Service for the collection of photographs and videos, topographic information, field data acquisition, and infrastructure inspections.

•           Agriculture

Dedicated and adapted drones with high-definition cameras, infrared, red and RGB sensors capable of detecting the electromagnetic spectrum present in the vegetation, thermal sensors and radio trackers to obtain information on crops.

• Ministry of Environment

• Mining

• Collection of heritage information, National Institute of Cultural Heritage

• Fauna study

• Ecuadorian Air Force

Used for exploration, surveillance and reconnaissance purposes in areas involved in the illegal transportation of fuel and merchandise, they have state-of-the-art equipment. In addition, the Air Force Research and Development Center works together with the Ministry of Defense in the research development and production of drones such as the Gavilán, an unmanned aircraft produced by the CIDFAE that has an autonomy of four hours and reaches the speed of 110km (about 68.35 mi)/h with a range of 85km.

 

Important: The use of drones in airports is prohibited and sanctioned in Ecuador.

image-20240513094209-2

 

 

 

 

Covid-19 Protocol, (effective from August 1, 2022)

https://www.salud.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2022/08/lineamiento_ingreso_al_pais_por_via_aerea_01-08-2022-signed-signed-signed.pdf

 

Restriction of entry into the country2

Citizens who have the following African countries as points of origin or transit will not be able to enter Ecuador: South Africa, Botswana, Egypt, Mozambique, Lesotho, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Namibia.

_____________________________________

  1. Ref : Presentación Oportunidades del Transporte Aéreo en Ecuador, 2023 Power Point https://www.iata.org/contentassets/0b6d1c34ebb24fa390b6030be3327751/21062023_peter_cerda_iata_aviation_day_ecuador_final.pdf    
  2. Ref: IATA Ecuador Comunicado de Prensa , Día de la Aviación https://www.iata.org/contentassets/0b6d1c34ebb24fa390b6030be3327751/230621-ecuador-diadelaaviacion-comunicado.pdf
  3.  Statistics provided by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation of Ecuador
  4. https://www.aviacioncivil.gob.ec/ecuador-modifica-lineamientos-de-ingreso-por-via-aerea-al-pais-por-variante-de-covid-19/#:~:text=Requisitos%20de%20ingreso%20a%20Ecuador%20continental%20por%20v%C3%ADa%20a%C3%A9rea&text=Las%20personas%20mayores%20de%2016,despu%C3%A9s%20de%20completar%20el%20esquema.  Read last paragraph.

 

Ecuador - 2.2.1 Quito Mariscal Sucre International Airport (MSIA)

Airport Overview

Mariscal Sucre International Airport (IATA code: UIO; ICAO code: SEQM), also called Tababela Airport, is the international airport of the city of Quito and the main airport in Ecuador. It was officially named in honor of Antonio José de Sucre, hero of Ecuadorian and Spanish American independence. The airport is located on a plain in the eastern suburb of the city of Quito, in the town of Tababela, 25 kilometers from the historic center of the city. The Mariscal Sucre International Airport has the largest passenger movement in the country, and its administration is contracted to the Quiport company.

Quito International Airport is the only one in Latin America and the Caribbean and one of the 17 airports worldwide to have a 5-star rating for service quality by Skytrax, the largest air transport services auditing company. important and prestigious in the world.

 

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Pichincha

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

Also known as Tababela airport,  is located 18 kilometres (11 miles) northeast of Quito, in the province of Pichincha, about 25 kilometres by road.

Airport’s Complete Name

Mariscal Sucre International Airport, Quito

Latitude

-0.113333

Longitude

-78.358611

Elevation (ft and m)

2,411 m

IATA Code

UIO

ICAO Code

SEQM

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Corporación Quiport S.A.

Management Contact Person

Ramón Miró, President and General Manager Quiport

Daniela Jaramillo, Operations Manager

Jefatura Aepto UIO

Open From (hours)

00:00

Open To (hours)

24:00

 

Airport Picture

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/ecu%2520air%25202.jpg%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1544425018000%26api%3Dv2

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/ecu%2520air%25203.jpg%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1544425032000%26api%3Dv2

 

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/ecu%2520air%25204.jpg%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1544425049000%26api%3Dv2

 

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/ecu%2520air%25205.jpg%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1544425058000%26api%3Dv2

The main areas of the airport are: customs, security office, cargo area, local arrivals, international arrivals.

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

https://www.aeropuertoquito.aero/aerolineas/

 

Aeronautical Safety and Prevention

Quito 

DIRECTOR DE SEGURIDAD Y PREVENCIÓN AERONÁUTICA, Buenos Aires Oe1-53 y 10 de Agosto Of: 302 Quito, Ecuador

Telefono

+593 02-2552987

Fax

N/A

Telex

N/A

AFS

N/A

Email

dacsis@ramt.com

http://www.dgac.gob.ec

 

 

Chief Accident Inspector

Quito 

DIRECTOR DE SEGURIDAD Y PREVENCIÓN AERONÁUTICA, Buenos Aires Oe1-53 y 10 de Agosto Of: 302 Quito, Ecuador

Teléfono

+593 02 2552987

Fax

N/A

Telex

N/A

AFS

N/A

Email

dacsis@ramt.com 

Web

http://www.dgac.gob.ec

 

Customs

Quito 

Aduanas del Ecuador

Arribo internacional, junto a Attenza Duty Free

Teléfono

+593 2 395 4200 ext. 2369   

Fax

N/A

 

Migrations

Quito 

Policía Nacional, Dirección Nacional de Migración

Av. Amazonas N53 - 113 y Japón, Quito, Ecuador

dnm@policianacional.gob.ec

Teléfono

+593 244-7070

Fax

N/A

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Quito 

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores

Carrión E1-76 y Av. 10 de Agosto, Quito, Ecuador

Teléfono

+593 299-3200

Fax

N/A

Email

webmast@mmrree.gov.ec

 

Meteorological Service

Quito 

INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE METEOROLOGIA E HIDROLOGIA

Iñaquito N36-14 y Corea, Quito, Ecuador

Teléfono

+593 2 3971100

Fax

N/A

Email

inamhi@inamhi.gob.ec

Web

http://www.inamhi.gov.ec

 

Ministry of Public Health

Quito 

Av. Quitumbe Ñan y Av. Amaru Ñan
Plataforma Gubernamental de Desarrollo Social.
Código Postal: 170146 / 
Quito, Ecuador.  
comunicacion.social@msp.gob.ec

Teléfono

+593-2 381-4400

Fax

n/a

 

Quarantine Agriculture

Quito 

Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería, Acuacultura y Pesca

Amazonas y Eloy Alfaro, Esquina. Edificio MAGAP, Quito, Ecuador. http://www.magap.gob.ec

Teléfono

+593 2 396-0100

Fax

N/A

 

National Civil Aviation Council

Quito 

Consejo Nacional de Aviación Civíl

Buenos Aires Oe 1-53 y 10 de Agosto, 4to. Piso

Teléfono

+593 2 2900923

Fax

N/A

 

Quito International Airport – (MSIA)

Quito

Aeropuerto Internacional de Quito - Quiport,

PBX: +(593 2) 395-4200 / +(593 2) 395-4300
Casilla Postal: 17 10 7032
Dirección: Parroquia Tababela S/N vía a Yaruquí.

Email

servicio.cliente@quiport.com

Tel

+(593 2) 395-4200 ext. 2008/2010  

Web

http://www.aeropuertoquito.aero/

Fax

+593 2 294 4948

 

FBO Agents Ground Operators Quito Airport

 

Guayaquil FBO                                                 +593 9 9749 1740 (All Ecuador incl.                                                                                         Galápagos)

Jethandling FBO Ecuador                                  +593 99 368 3885

FBO Ecuador                                                    +593 99 8838 016

SAEREO - Servicios Aereos Ejecutivos              +593 2 3301 152

Ecuacentair                                                       +593 2 2818 404

Swissport Ecuador/EMSA                                 +593 2 3957 470

Consorcio Aviation                                            +595 98 1193 063        

Talma Ecuador                                                  +593 2 281 8052

 

 

Passenger and Cargo Performance Indicator

 

Passenger traffic at the Mariscal Sucre International Airport in Quito registered in 2022, 4.3 million passengers transported on national and international flights, in arrivals and departures.

(Compared to 2019 traffic -before the covid-19 pandemic-, which was more than 5 million passengers, the recovery is 86.4 %.)

The Mariscal Sucre International Airport building occupies 70 hectares of a 1,500 hectare land. It was initially estimated that the 38,000 m2 international passenger terminal would be used by five million passengers per year. The 7,910 m2 national terminal, inaugurated in May 2015, has 10 departure lounges distributed over two levels. The runway is 4,100 meters long, making it the longest runway in Ecuador and any capital in South America. The runway can accommodate the largest aircraft currently available, including the Boeing 747 or the Airbus A380. The construction of a second runway is planned to meet projected demand. The control tower is 41 m high.

 

Performance for 2022

 

Per Year

Per Month

Per Day

Total Aircraft Movements

N/A

-

-

Total Passengers

4.3 million (nationals and foreigners; arrivals and departures)

358,000

12,000

Total Capacity of the Airport (MT)

N/A

   

Current Activity of the Airport (MT)

290 677 (TM)  [239 109 TM only for exports]

24,223

807.5

Current use by Humanitarian Flights (UNHAS)

N/A

   

 

The cargo terminal has 13,000 m2, with 10,000 m2 of warehouses and 3,000 m2 of offices carrying out cargo activities. With 24 docks divided into 4 palletizers, the loading waiting area can accommodate up to 24 additional trucks (48 trucks can be in the loading area at the same time). This area has sophisticated scanners and cold rooms.

 

https://www.quiport.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/08/c1.jpeg

Foto: cortesía https://www.quiport.com/

 

Runways

This airport has one of the longest runways in Latin America at 4.1 km.

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

4,100m x 45m

Orientation

18/36

Surface

Draining asphalt

 

Helicopter Pad(s)

There is a small space at the Mariscal Sucre International Airport designated for the use of both public and private helicopters. The helicopters and their crews are under the direction of the General Directorate of Civil Aviation.

 

Helipad #1

Present

Yes

Largest Helicopter that can Land

Mi-26

Width and Length (m)

The helicopters are positioned in the general manoeuvring area

Surface

Asphalt

Width and Length (m)

 

Surface

 

 

Important note: The General Directorate of Civil Aviation (DGAC) inaugurated the 'First Public Heliport in Ecuador' in 2020 at the Monjas Radar Station, in the city of Quito; which is permanently operational.

Public and private aircraft (helicopters) can land at the heliport, as established in Art. 48 of the Codification of the Aeronautical Code.

The landing site is called “Monjas Radar Heliport”, -0.23604, -78.47768  and has all the physical characteristics, visual aids, obstacle limiting surface and wind direction indicator.

Technical characteristics:

Heliport Type: Public.

Hours of Operation: HJ (Sunrise to sunset).

Platform Resistance: 8000 kg.

Visual Aids: Available.

Elevation: 3051.73 meters above sea level.

 

Airport Infrastructure Details

The Mariscal Sucre International Airport and the Quiport Corporation have obtained the Aerodrome certificate. The certification guarantees that the airport complies with the specifications issued by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the General Directorate of Civil Aviation (DGAC), regarding the facilities and their operation.

 

Customs

Yes

JET A-1 fuel

Yes

Immigration

Yes

AVGAS 100

Yes

Terminal Building

Yes

Single Point Refueling

Yes

Passenger Terminal

Yes

Air Starter Units

Yes

Cargo terminal

Yes

Ground Power (mobile)

Yes

Pax Transport to Airfield

Yes

Ground Handling Services

Yes

Control Tower

Yes

Latrine Servicing

Yes

Weather Facilities

Yes

Fire Fighting Category (ICAO)

9

Catering Services

Yes

De-icing Equipment

Yes

Base Operating Room

Yes

Parking Ramp Lighting

Yes

Airport Radar

Yes

Approach & Runway Lights

Yes

NDB

Yes

VOR

Yes

ILS

Yes

 

Yes

 

Airport Operating Details

Operating Details

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Bulk Cargo

A340-600

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Pallet

AN-124

Total Aircraft Parking Area (m²)

Up to 8 positions between MD11 and B747-800

Storage Area (m3 and MT)

700 m2, there are three warehouses available with cold storage

Handling Equipment

Elevators / Hi Loaders

Yes

Max Capacity (MT)

10m

Max Height

(m)

14m

Loading Ramps

6

Other Comments

 

Customs Guidance

Passengers arriving in Ecuador can bring: clothing for personal use, toiletries, medications for personal use and goods for professional use, among other products with their specifications. When the goods exceed the quantity or value on the personal effects list (see link below), the passenger must pay the required taxes. Goods cannot exceed a total value of $2,000 USD. If the total value is greater, the merchandise will go to a temporary storage area and the corresponding tax procedures will be followed. The list of personal effects can be found here: https://www.aduana.gob.ec/viajeros-por-via-aerea-aeropuerto/

 

Storage Facilities

 

Centro Perecibles,       Cap 250 pallets             $0,070 + IVA (12%) + CCFEE

Pertally,                       Cap 120 pallet   $0.070 + IVA (12%) + CCFEE

Aronem                        Cap 75 pallets   $0.070 + IVA (12%) + CCFEE

 

WAREHOUSE: Mariscal Sucre Quito International Airport

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/ecu%2520air%25206.jpg%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1544425314000%26api%3Dv2

The airport has 3 warehouses with capacity for 445 pallets, complying with all security standards, regulated by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation (DGAC). In addition, they offer cold rooms.

 

Airfield Costs

Ecuador is the most expensive country for airlines, because it has the highest landing and parking fees in Latin America. On average, an airplane must pay USD 1,751 to cover these items. Quito's Mariscal Sucre International Airport is one of the terminals in the region with the most expensive airport tax, which reaches USD 56.30 per passenger in 2022.

The rates are controlled by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation (DGAC) and paid in its offices and correspond to the following services, among others:

• By the use of the tracks

• For air traffic services

• For meteorological services

• For the inspection and control services of passengers and luggage

• Due to the use, by passengers, of airport areas not accessible to visitors.

• For passenger mobility services and assistance to people with reduced mobility

• Due to the parking of aircraft at airports

• Due to the use of aircraft boarding and disembarkation bridges

• For cargo loading and unloading operations

 

NAVIGATION CHARGES

 

International   Cargos por Navegación y en Tierra  (see Art. 4, 5, 5.1, 7, 8 and 9)

 

Charges

Aircraft Weight - MTOW (kg)

 

0 - 7,000

7,001 - 136,000

136,001 and over

Navigation (per journey) USD - $

19.30

19.30

20.06

Landing USD - $

17.43

18.75

18.88

Night Landing USD - $

4.77

4.97

5.17

Night Take-Off USD - $

4.77

4.97

5.17

Parking

2.33

2.43

2.52

Handling Charges

N/A

N/A

N/A

 

 

FUEL SERVICES CHARGES

 

 

Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

$2.55 US Gallon  (entre $0.67 a $0.562 x Litre)

Avgas

$2.76 US Gallon

1 US Gallon = 3.8 Liters

Note: In Ecuador Prices vary depending on the type of flight, as can be seen in the following list (updated 08/22/2023):

Commercial AVGAS: €2.04 + VAT (21%)

AVGAS Private: €2.55 + VAT (21%)

JET-A1 Commercial: €1.80 + VAT (21%)

JET-A1 Private: €2.18 + VAT (21%)

 

image-20231023115353-1

 

 

CARGO TERMINAL CHARGES

 

Import Charges

Type of Charge

Rate USD - $ per kg

Comments

Handling Charge

0.26

 

Break Bulk Fee

0.26

 

Diplomatic Mail

10.00/ 15.00

Up to 100 kg

Strong Room – per consignment

0.26

 

Cold Storage Fee

0.26

 

Delivery Outside Normal Working Hours

N/A

 

Preparation of substitute AOA – Invoice – Receipt

N/A

 

Storage per Day

0.10

Grace period N/A

Export

Handling Charges – Un-palletized Cargo

0.10

 

International Air Waybill

40.-

 

Local Air Waybill

25.-

 

Air Way Bill Amendment - Cancellation

N/A

 

Air Way Bill Documentation

60

 

Diplomatic Mail

25

 

Storage Charges per Day

24 hrs 0.10

 

 

AIR-BRIDGE CHARGES

De 0 a 45’         USD 145.60     

de 46’ a 180’      USD145.60 + 1.55 x (t= time in minutes)

More than 180’    USD 336.45

 

Security

EPMSA https://www.aeropuertoquito.gob.ec/ directs, plans, coordinates and controls security operations at the Mariscal Sucre International Airport, in accordance with national and international aeronautical regulations.

Its main task is to guarantee security at the airport through:

• AVSEC inspection for passengers and airport staff

• Inspection of checked and hand luggage.

• Handling of X-ray equipment.

• Control in metal detector arches.

• Closed circuit television control

Ecuador - 2.2.2 José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport(Guayaquil)

 

Airport Overview

José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional José Joaquín de Olmedo in Spanish) is located 5 km north of Guayaquil, the largest and most populous city in Ecuador. It has a runway of 2,790 meters (9,154 ft) and an elevation of 5 meters (16 ft). Together with the Quito airport, it handles most of Ecuador's national and international flights. During 2019, around 4 million passengers passed through the airport. The airport is capable of serving up to 7.5 million passengers per year.

The airport is on Avenida de las Américas, 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) north of downtown Guayaquil. The runway length of 2,684 meters (9,150 ft) includes a 240-meter (790 ft) displaced threshold on Runway 21 and a 100-meter (330 ft) displaced threshold on Runway 03. The airport is in the wide delta of the Guayas River, with level terrain in all quadrants. The parking platform is made of concrete about 35 cm thick and 600 meters long by 80 meters wide, which has an area of ​​48,000 m², has an asphalt strip for access and a vehicular street, all built in compliance with the established norms. by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation (DGAC) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

The Daular International Airport is a proposed development project for the Ecuadorian city of Guayaquil. The new airport is intended to replace the current José Joaquín de Olmedo Airport once completed. The master plan for the Guayaquil International Airport contemplates moving the airport facilities to a nearby 2,020 hectare plot of land. The new airport, whose construction is planned for 2024 with an estimated investment of 800 million dollars, will have three runways and will be able to serve 16 million passengers per year. However, the new Daular intercontinental airport (26 kilometers from the city) will not be inaugurated in 2024, as initially planned. The plans were affected by the drop in the number of passenger arrivals at the current José Joaquín de Olmedo airport. The entire project consists of two parallel runways of 4,100 and 2,500 meters in length and 36 boarding gates

 

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Guayas

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

El aeropuerto está a 7 km del centro y a 1,3 km de la Terminal Terrestre. En auto se tarda 20 minutos en llegar al centro de Guayaquil.

Airport’s Complete Name

Aeropuerto Internacional José Joaquín de Olmedo

Latitude

           

-2.147646

Longitude

-79.885222

Elevation (ft and m)

           

6m (19.68 ft)

IATA Code

  GYE

ICAO Code

SEGU

Managing Company or Airport Authority

TAGSA – Terminal Aeroportuaria de Guayaquil S. A

Management Contact Person

Pablo Pita Gerente de Aeropuerto Guayaquil

Jefatura Aepto GYE

Open From (hours)

00:00

Open To (hours)

24:00

Airport Picture

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-4_14-41-20.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628059280000%26api%3Dv2

 

The existing area of ​​the Guayaquil International Airport is severely limited due to urban congestion.

 

image-20231023130900-1

 

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-4_14-41-58.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628059318000%26api%3Dv2

Source: www.universalweather.com  Map not to scale. Not suitable for navigation purposes.

image-20231023130900-2

 

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

Aeropuerto de Guyaquil contactos generales  TAGSA Contactos

Aeropuerto Contacto Entidades   TAGSA Entidades

 

 

FBO Handlers, Ground Operators, Guayaquil Airport

 

Swissport Ecuador/EMSA                                              +593 4 2590 266

Aeromilitec                                                                    +593 4 2283 359

SAEREO - Servicios Aereos Ejecutivos                          +593 2 3301 152

Consorcio Aviation                                                        +595 98 1193 063

Jethandling FBO Ecuador                                              +593 99 368 3885

FBO Ecuador                                                                +593 99 8838 016

Guayaquil FBO                                                             +593 9 9749 1740

Among the airport handling services offered by FBO aviation companies are: ground assistance to aircraft, exclusive services for passengers or crew, which can be carried out even in premises adjacent to the airport terminals, aircraft cleaning, catering, refueling, luggage loading or positioning of aircraft in hangars, among others.

 

Passenger and Cargo Performance Indicator

Guayaquil Airport is the second busiest airport in Ecuador after Quito's Mariscal Sucre Airport. The airport has a runway and a terminal with capacity for 7.5 million passengers per year. A new airport is currently being built 40 kilometers/25 miles from the city center, called Guayaquil Daular Airport. The airport is expected to become operational in 2026 and will have a capacity of 16 million passengers per year.

 

Performance for 2022

 

Per Year

Per Month

Per Day

Total Aircraft Movements

Information not available

-

-

Total Passengers

3,746,554 (The airport is capable of serving up to 7.5 million pax/year)

290,000

9660

Total Capacity of the Airport (MT)

74,000

   

Current Activity of the Airport (MT)

29,310

2443

81.4

Current use by Humanitarian Flights (UNHAS)

N/A

_

_

 

https://www.ecuadorencifras.gob.ec/institucional/home/

 

 

International entry and exit of cargo by air, period 2022 (Thousands of TM)

image-20231023130900-3

Among the most relevant aspects, the passenger traffic at the “José Joaquín de Olmedo de Guayaquil” International Airport, which registered a total of 3,477,592 people who moved through the air terminal and its cargo movements transported 33,150.25 MT ( Metric Tons).

image-20231023130900-4

 

 

Runways

The Guayaquil airport has a single runway designated as Runway 03/21. The runway is 2,684 m long and 45 m wide and is covered with an asphalt surface. It can accommodate large aircraft such as Boeing 747, MD-11 and Airbus A340-600. The airport has a single taxiway 2,935 m long and 23 m wide. Parking spaces are planned for passenger aircraft with seven boarding bridges, eight for cargo airships and seven for general aviation aircraft.

 

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

9154 × 151 ft (2,684 m × 46 m)

Orientation

03/21

Surface

All-weather asphalt that meets ICAO standards

 

 

Helicopter Pad

 

image-20231023130900-5

 

A small space in the airport is designated for the use of helicopters from public or private companies. HELO Aepto GYE Both the helicopters and the crew are controlled by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation.

 

Helipad #1

Present

Yes

Largest Helicopter that can Land

Mi-26

Width and Length (m)

N/A

Surface

All-weather asphalt that meets ICAO standards Concrete

PCN: 88/R/C/W/T

 

Airport Infrastructure Details

 

Infrastructure/facilities of the Guayaquil International Airport

  • Tracks
  • Taxiways
  • Aprons
  • Sewer system
  • Energy and public services
  • Terminals
  • Air traffic control towers
  • Charging facilities
  • Aircraft hangars
  • Fixed base operations
  • Roads
  • Parking facilities

 

In 2019, the Guayaquil Airport received from the General Directorate of Civil Aviation the “Aerodrome Certificate” with which the aeronautical authority certifies that GYE, SEGU comply with and comply with all aeronautical regulations related to the air zone or manoeuvre area specified by ICAO and the General Directorate of Civil Aviation Ecuador (DGAC).

 

Customs

Yes

JET A-1 fuel

Yes

Immigration

Yes

AVGAS 100

Yes

Terminal Building

Yes

Single Point Refueling

Yes

Passenger Terminal

Yes

Air Starter Units

Yes

Cargo terminal

Yes

Ground Power (mobile)

Yes

Pax Transport to Airfield

Yes

Ground Handling Services

Yes

Control Tower

Yes

Latrine Servicing

Yes

Weather Facilities

Yes

Fire Fighting Category (ICAO)

9

Catering Services

Yes

De-icing Equipment

Yes

Base Operating Room

Yes

Parking Ramp Lighting

Yes

Airport Radar

Yes

Approach & Runway Lights

Yes

NDB

Yes Ident R

VOR

Yes Ident GYV

ILS

Yes

   

 

Airport Operating Details

 

Operating Details

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Bulk Cargo

 

Antonov AN-225, AN-124,  Ilyushin IL-76

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Pallet

Boeing 747-400, Airbus A340-600, B777-300

Total Aircraft Parking Area (m²)

48,000 m², (600 m x 80 m)

Storage Area (m3 and MT)

           

150 MT

Handling Equipment

Elevators / Hi Loaders

Yes

Max Capacity (MT)

15. m

Max Height

(m)

N/A

Loading Ramps

Yes 8 Ramps

Other Comments

Platforms:

There are 15 parking spaces.

8 aircraft parking positions for passengers with 10 boarding bridges (these positions have variants according to the type of aircraft operated).

8 aircraft parking spaces for cargo (remote).

7 aircraft parking spaces for general aviation.

 

Customs Guidance

SubDirector :
 

Miguel Ángel Villacís Álava

Dirección :
 

Av de las Américas, terminal de carga aérea – edificio TCE

Código Postal :
 

090505

Teléfonos :
 

 (593-4) 2924454

Horario de atención:
 

 08h00 – 17h00

                      

People arriving in Ecuador must consider that they can enter with clothing used by the traveler, toiletries, medications for personal use, goods for professional use, among other products with their specifications. When the assets exceed the amount or value on the list of personal effects, they are used to pay taxes. The total of these goods may not exceed $2,000. If the amount is greater, the merchandise will be placed in a temporary warehouse to continue the corresponding process.

Check the list of personal effects by entering: https://www.aduana.gob.ec/viajeros-por-via-aerea-aeropuerto/ .

 

Storage Facilities

Guayaquil – Warehousing (US$)

   Facility

General Air

TAGSA

Cap

50 Pallets

30 Pallets

       Charges

$0.090 + IVA (12%) + CCFEE

$0.010 + IVA (12%) + CCFEE

 

The airport has 2 warehouses with capacity for 80 pallets, complying with all the safety standards regulated by the General Directorate of Civil Aviation (DGAC). In addition, they offer cold chain cold chambers.

 

Airfield Costs

 

Ecuador is the most expensive country for airlines, because it has the highest landing and parking fees in Latin America. On average, an airplane must pay USD 1,751 to cover these items.

The airport tax charged at the José Joaquín de Olmedo Airport in Guayaquil is USD 28.50 per traveler.

The airport charges regulated rates for the following services, among others:

• By the use of the tracks

• For air traffic services

• For meteorological services

• For the inspection and control services of passengers and luggage

• Due to the use, by passengers, of airport areas not accessible to visitors.

• For passenger mobility services and assistance to people with reduced mobility

• Due to the parking of aircraft at airports

• Due to the use of aircraft boarding and disembarkation bridges

• For cargo loading and unloading operations

 

NAVIGATION CHARGES

 

International, Navigation and Land Charges Internacional Cargos Navegación

(ver Art. 4º, 5º, 5.1, 7º, 8º and 9º)

 

Charges

Aircraft Weight - MTOW (kg)

 

0 - 7,000

7,001 - 136,000

136,001 and over

Navigation (per journey) USD - $

17.87

17.87

18.17

Landing USD - $

7.76

8.06

8.06

Night Landing USD - $

10.10

10.10

10.10

Night Take-Off USD - $

10.10

10.10

10.10

Parking

1.16

1.22

1.22

Handling Charges

N/A

 

 

 

 

International operations

For the collection of fees for flight protection services for large and small aircraft in international operations, the following charges are established:

A) Flight Protection Rights before and after the route (approach and takeoff):

Base: Maximum takeoff weight

MTOW (In tons) Charge per ton (In USD)

More than 5.7 up to 50 2.23

From more than 50 to 100 2.32

From more than 100 to 150 2.42

From more than 150 2.52

 

FUEL SERVICES CHARGES

 

 

Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

$2.55 US Gallon  (from $0.67 to $0.562 x Litro)

Avgas

$2.76 US Gallon

1 US Gallon = 3.8 Liters

Note: In Ecuador Prices vary depending on the type of flight, as can be seen in the following list (updated 08/22/2023):

AVGAS Commercial: €2.04 + VAT (21%)

AVGAS Private: €2.55 + VAT (21%)

JET-A1 Commercial: €1.80 + VAT (21%)

JET-A1 Private: €2.18 + VAT (21%)

image-20231023130900-6

At the José Joaquín de Olmedo Airport terminal in Guayaquil, about 162,000 gallons of JET A-1 fuel are pumped daily, the same fuel used in the aeronautical industry and designed for airplanes powered by gas turbine engines. The fuel travels underground through pipes from Plant 1 of Ecuafuel to the aircraft platforms, where a network of hydrants is installed. From this network, the supply equipment is attached to the wing of the aircraft where the fuel tanks are located. operation is called Into Plane.

 

CARGO TERMINAL CHARGES

 

Import Charges

Type of Charge

Rate USD - $ per kg

Comments

Handling Charge

0.09

The indicated values ​​are referential, it is necessary to request a current quote

Break Bulk Fee

0.09

 

Diplomatic Mail

0.09

 

Strong Room – per consignment

0.09

 

Cold Storage Fee

0.09

100 kg max.

Delivery Outside Normal Working Hours

N/A

 

Preparation of substitute AOA – Invoice – Receipt

N/A

 

Storage per Day

0.09

N/A

Export

Handling Charges – Un-palletized Cargo

0.09

 

International Air Waybill

40.00

 

Local Air Waybill

25.00

At market value. Consult in advance with the shipper or agent to establish the current value

Air Way Bill Amendment - Cancellation

N/A

 

Air Way Bill Documentation

57.00

 

Diplomatic Mail

25.00

 

Storage Charges per Day

24 hrs 0.03

 

 

AIR-BRIDGE CHARGES

 

From 0 a 45’     De 46’ a 180’                                                     More than 180’

USD 134           134.57 + 1.45 x (t=time in mins)                         335.91

 

Security

 

TAGSA, the managing entity of the Guayaquil Airport, through qualified technical personnel, carries out inspections and controls in the different areas of the airport to prevent risk factors that may generate accidents or affect the health of workers, as part of Health and Safety. . Management System of the José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport, according to the legal framework

 

 

Rescue and firefighting:

• Protection category: 9.

• Critical aircraft: Boeing 767-300.

• Operational personnel: Aeronautical firefighters, radio operators, SEM (Emergency Medical Service) personnel.

• 24 hours, 365 days a year.

 

Operational equipment:

• 2 OSHKOSH T-12 brand self-pumps: Capacity of 3170gl of water and 410gl of AFFF.

• 1 OSHKOSH T-1500 brand self-pump: Capacity of 1500gl of water, 190gl of AFFF and 500lb of PQS.

• 1 OSHKOSH T-2500 brand self-pump: Capacity of 2500gl of water, 410gl of AFF and 500lb of PQS; It has a hydraulic arm (Snoozle) that penetrates the aircraft fuselage, unique in South America.

• 1 Ford-350 rapid intervention team: Capacity of 500lbs of PQS, 94gl of water and 6gl of 6% foam concentrate.

• 1 logistical support van.

• 1 all-terrain logistical support vehicle in charge of towing the triage trailer

• 2 ambulances

• 1 triage trailer equipped with first aid kits, oxygen, stretchers, etc. to serve our critical aircraft considering up to 250 passengers

 

Ecuador - 2.2.3 Eloy Alfaro International Airport (Manta)

Airport Overview

The “Eloy Alfaro” International Airport serves the city of Manta, Ecuador (IATA: MEC, ICAO: SEMT).  The airport is a mixed-use facility, operating civilian and military air services. It is designated as the alternate airport to Quito and Guayaquil airport.  At present, this Manabi airport remains operational with the Quito-Manta-Quito routes, with the service of the Latam and Avianca Airlines. Recently remodeled after a long wait after the 2016 earthquake the Manta International Airport has a new 5,000 square meter terminal, a new nine-story high control tower, parking for more than 130 vehicles, an aircraft parking platform of more than 14,000 square meters, a new access road and additional works that became operational in February 2021 with passengers on the Quito - Manta - Quito route.

Korea Airports Corporation KAC signed a contract with the Ecuadorian government at the end of June 2021 to take on full ownership of Manta Airport and the incorporation for the next 30 years (2021-2050). This will be KAC’s first overseas airport among the 15 airports the firm operates.

The airport, also known as Eloy Alfaro Air Base, is the fourth-busiest airport in Ecuador. Due to its strategic location, the Eloy Alfaro Air Base and the Manta Naval Air Station operate on the runway of this airport. The military air force base is located in an area attached to the provisional passenger air terminal of the International Airport. A portion of the airport was used until July 2009 by the Air Forces Southern Air Force component of the United States Southern Command, for operations against drug trafficking in north western South America. Buildings and platforms were built for the use of the US military and runway 05/23 was rebuilt using more resistant material in order to support the operations of the world's heaviest aircraft, both civil and military.

Later the Ecuador and U.S. governments did not to renew the military airport agreement that allows access and use of the base and in 2009 US forces left the facilities.

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Manabi

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Airport

Manta (2.5 km)

Airport’s Complete Name

Eloy Alfaro International Airport

Latitude

-0.953341

Longitude

-80.683924

Elevation (ft and m)

15 m / 48 feet

IATA Code

MEC

ICAO Code

SEMT

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Direccion General De Aviacion Civil

Managing Company: Korea Airports Corporation (KAC)

78, Haneul-gil, Gangseo-gu, Seoul, 07505 Landline 1661-2626

Management Contact Person

Chang-wan Son, CEO

Korea Airport Corp. 

https://www.airport.co.kr/wwweng/index.do

Open From (hours)

TBD

Open To (hours)

­-

Airport Picture

Source: www.eluniverso.com, passenger terminal at Manta airport. Photo: Neptalí Palma

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

  1. The Korea Airports Corporation (KAC) is a Korean state firm that manages 15 international airports, including Manta International Airport.
  2. UN789 Ocean Airway. This is the name given to the Manta - Tahiti Airway. This airway connects the Asia Pacific region to the South American Region; that is, from Tahiti (French Polynesia) - Tahiti International Airport (NTAA), to Ecuador - Manta International Airport (SEMT) on the northwest coast of Ecuador, being the most salient geographical point towards Asia from South America.

 

Source: revistademanabi.com Joselías Sánchez Ramos, 2021

Passenger and Cargo Performance Indicator

Not available.

Runway

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

2860 m  X 45 m

Orientation

05/23

Surface

Asphalt

Condition Good

The runway 05/23 was rebuilt using more resistant material in order to support the operations of the world's heaviest aircraft, both civil and military.

Helicopter Pad(s)

Yes.  Manta Naval Air Station and Base Militar Manta. Information is unavailable.

Airport Infrastructure Details

Recently remodeled after a long wait after the 2016 earthquake, the Manta International Airport has a new 5,000 square meter terminal, a new nine-story high control tower, parking for more than 130 vehicles, an aircraft parking platform of more than 14,000 square meters, a new access road and additional works that became operational in February 2021 with passengers on the Quito - Manta - Quito route.

Airport Operating Details

Operating Details

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Bulk Cargo

Antonov AN-225, AN-124,  Ilyushin IL-76

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Pallet

Boeing 747-400, Airbus A340-600, B777-300

Total Aircraft Parking Area (m²)

N/A

Storage Area (m3 and MT)

N/A

Handling Equipment

Elevators / Hi Loaders

N/A

Max Capacity (MT)

N/A

Max Height (m)

N/A

Loading Ramps

N/A

Other Comments

Airport construction is in progress.

Storage Facilities

N/A

Airfield Costs

Navigation Charges

N/A

Fuel Service Charges

The only fuelling station is Ecuafuel , the  station belongs to PETROECUADOR, an Ecuadorian state company.  In this station large amount of fuel is available.

 

Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

0.56 (*)

Avgas

0.13 (*)

(*) The above are referential prices and were obtained from Petrocomercial information (GoE fuel supplier). In the private sector, each retailer may vary its prices.

Cargo Terminal Charges

Airport construction is in progress.

Air-Bridge Charges

N/A

Security

N/A

 

Ecuador - 2.2.4 Mariscal La Mar International Airport (Cuenca)

Airport Overview

Mariscal La Mar International Airport (IATA code: CUE, ICAO code: SECU), also called Mariscal Lamar Airport or Cuenca Airport, is considered a national cross-border terminal located within the urban perimeter of the city of Cuenca, providing its services to the city of Cuenca, Quito and Guayaquil in Ecuador. Local flights take 35 minutes from Quito and 20 minutes from Guayaquil.

Currently, and due to the unexpected growth of the city and its progressive expansion, the airport has been surrounded by industrial and residential areas, which produces tension between the neighbors and the airport entities, due to the constant discomfort due to the noise generated by the planes at the airport. take off and landing. Furthermore, expansions are made impossible due to geography and the surrounding populations; This puts entities in a serious dilemma, since the airport and its runways need to be expanded again due to their air traffic.

The airport has carried out several works that have allowed it to maintain its operations safely and up to date with current aeronautical trends. For example, new satellite and GPS landing procedures have been implemented in approach systems that allow more environmentally friendly operations with lower visibility. It also has an ILS landing system, PAPI and runway lights.

 

Master Plan and International Airport Certification

In 2022, the Municipality of Cuenca carried out the comprehensive rehabilitation of the runway and movement area of ​​the Mariscal La Mar airport, as well as the repowering and construction of a new drainage system; the reconstruction of electrical circuits, the change to LED lights and the horizontal signage currently in use (The current landing assistance system (ILS) was installed in 2002, which allowed the airport to extend its hours and increase the number of landings in bad weather). These improvements, according to CORPAC, are part of a certification process that this aerodrome seeks and is included in the strategic, institutional and master plans.

Other mandatory improvements are the implementation of immigration and customs measures for daily flight control, which would currently be limited by the physical spaces of the airport.

 

Incentives

Corpac considers that despite the current geographical and demographic limitations, the Cuenca Airport is an interesting option for companies that operate smaller aircraft (e.g. Dash8 20,000 kg, Fokker F28 30,000 kg), aircrafts that require a shorter runway length and parking platform In this perspective, the government of Ecuador grants to terminals not commissioned in private concession, among others:

  1. A 40% fuel subsidy for international airlines and,
  2. The reduction of the EcoDelta* rate from US$50 to US$5

(*) The Ecodelta rate, of USD 50, is charged on international tickets from Ecuador to abroad. On the other hand, the Ecuador Tourist Power tax is charged on international tickets from abroad to Ecuador.

 

About International Airport Certification

Within the framework of the airport's development and certification master plan, three specific points should be highlighted at this time:

  1. Anti-narcotics and migration units are installed at the Mariscal La Mar International Airport. https://www.ministeriodelinterior.gob.ec/aeropuerto-de-cuenca-se-internacionaliza-e-implementa-unidades-de-antinarcoticos-y- migration/  September 14, 2023
  2. However, Corpac recognizes that, if certification is obtained, the operation of international airlines in the city will be conditioned by three limitations that the airport has. The first is the size of the track, just 1,900 meters long. The second consists of the limited space on both sides of the track of just 50 and 80 meters. Ecuadorian regulations say that airfields must have 140 meters of space on the sides of the runway. Third, the location of the air terminal in a densely populated area and in the future the impossibility of expanding it due to the highly limiting mountainous geography of the area.
  3. The DGAC Ecuador, at the time of publication of this document, considers the Mariscal La Mar Airport, Cuenca as a National Aerodrome.

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-4_17-11-44.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628068305000%26api%3Dv2

 

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

           

Azuay

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

Cuenca (3.8 km)

Airport’s Complete Name

Mariscal La Mar International Airport

Latitude

-2.889678

Longitude

-78.987095

Elevation (ft and m)

           

2.532 m / 8.306 feet

IATA Code

CUE

ICAO Code

SECU

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Corporación Aeroportuaria de Cuenca (CORPAC) http://www.aeropuertocuenca.ec/

Management Contact Person

José Luis Aguilar Executive Director (May 2023)

(Experience: Ministry of Transportation and Public Works,

deputy minister of transport services)

 593) 7286-7120 / (593) 72862095

info@corpac.ec

Tweeter Aepto CUE

Jefatura Aepto CUE

Open From (hours)

From Saturday to Thursday 06:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m.

Friday from 6:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.

Open To (hours)

_

Airport Picture

image-20231023133340-1

Photo: www.aeropuertocuenca.ec

The airport is located 2,532 meters above sea level with a reference temperature of 24 degrees Celsius. The airport's operation starts at 11:00 UTC to 02:00 UTC every day of the year, that is, 6:00 and ends at 21:00 in local time UTC-5.

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-4_17-13-17.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628068397000%26api%3Dv2

Sourec: @dgac_ecuador

  

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

Corporate Contacs CORPAC

 

OFFICER

AREA

EMAIL

Dr. José Luis Aguilar

Executive Director

jose.aguilar@corpac.ec

Ing. Italo Mogrovejo

Director of Aerodrome Operations, Engineering and Infrastructure

imogrovejo@corpac.ec

Ing. Marcela Bravo

Financial Administrative Director

marcela.bravo@corpac.ec

Ab. Paul Vazquez

Legal advisor

paul.vazquez@corpac.ec

Lcda. Marcia Rodas

Security

marcia.rodas@corpac.ec

 

FBO Handlers, Ground Operators, Cuenca Airport*

FBO Ecuador

International Flight Planning Solutions- IFPLS 

Jethandling FBO Ecuador 

Guayaquil FBO

(*) With own operations or service is provided through third parties

 

Passenger and Cargo Performance Indicator

 

Performance for 2022

 

Per Year

Per Month

Per Day

Total Aircraft Movements

N/A

-

Cuenca-Quito 52 flights/week

Cuenca-Guayaquil 4 flights/week

Total Passengers

196.530 (1)

(2021 103.777)

16378

546

Total Capacity of the Airport (MT)

(2)

   

Current Activity of the Airport (MT)

(3)

   

Current use by Humanitarian Flights (UNHAS)

No

   

(1) National Institute of Statistics, Consulted on September 6, 2023

(2) Cargo flights are not planned. The terminal, relatively small, has 5,126 m² of construction on 2 floors, being a completely modern building.

(3) The airport has a rigid pavement platform 250 m long by 50 m wide, parallel to 70 m from the runway axis.

 

Runways

Total area of ​​68,400 square meters. At the Northeast and Southwest ends there is an additional area (called ears) of 18,446.00 m². Therefore, the actual total surface area of ​​the track is 86,846.00 m². Headland threshold 0-5: S 02º53``41.0” and W 78º59``28.1” with an elevation of 2531.73 meters (8306.2 feet) above sea level. Head threshold 2-3: S 02º53``03.1 and W 78º58` 39.06” with an elevation of 2516.45 meters (8256.07 feet) above sea level.

 

The taxiway is built on flexible pavement, parallel to the runway at a distance of 78m. and communicates with the 0-5 head of the airport with a length of 580 m. with a width of 18 m.

 

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-4_17-15-15.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628068515000%26api%3Dv2

Source: zbordirect.com/es/airport/cuenca-cue

Currently, with the growth of the city, the airport is located within the northern area of ​​the city, completely surrounded by it, in a commercial, industrial and residential area. This generates inconvenience, especially due to noise, safety and efficiency problems for airlines and users. Furthermore, although the passenger terminal has been constantly updated and is a modern building, the runway can no longer be expanded because on one side there is a ravine and on the other side several houses and businesses.

 

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

1900m x 36m

(6,234 × 118 ft)

TRACK STRIP: 2020m x 110m

SLOPE: ±0.82%

Orientation

24 N y 06 S

Surface

Asphalt, flexible

 

RunwayRepairs (Nov 2021):

Repair of irregularities on the runway surface, due to the asphalt layer reaching its useful life.

Repair and sealing of cracks (potholes on runway).

Repair in the footprint groove.

Definitive demarcation of the manoeuvre area and movement area with new painting and signage.

 

Taxi way:

The taxiway is built on flexible pavement, parallel to the runway at a distance of 78 m and communicates with the airport's 0-5 headland with a length of 580 m and a width of 18 m.

 

CUE conditions:

4.5 km Visibility

250m Ceiling

VFR THRESHOLD 05

IFR THRESHOLD 23 PRN APPROACH THRESHOLD 05

 

 

Runway lighting:

12 PAPIS Lights, header 23.

8 PAPIS lights, header 05.

16 Green lights, runway start 05/23.

16 Red lights, end of runway 05/23.

The airport has a rigid pavement platform 250 m long by 50 m wide, parallel to 70 m from the runway axis.

 

Airport Infrastructure Details

The relatively small terminal has 5,126 m² of construction on 2 floors, being a completely modern building. Currently, with the growth of the city, the airport is located within the northern area of ​​the city, completely surrounded by it, in a commercial, industrial and residential area. This generates inconvenience, especially due to noise, safety and efficiency problems for airlines and users.

 

Customs

Yes

JET A-1 fuel

Yes

Immigration

Yes

AVGAS 100

Yes

Terminal Building

Yes

Single Point Refueling

Yes

Passenger Terminal

Yes

Air Starter Units

Yes

Cargo terminal

No cargo flights

Ground Power (mobile)

Yes

Pax Transport to Airfield

No

Ground Handling Services

Yes

Control Tower

Yes

Latrine Servicing

Yes

Weather Facilities

Yes Meteo CUE

Fire Fighting Category (ICAO)

Servicio Contra incendios CUE

Catering Services

No

De-icing Equipment

No

Base Operating Room

Yes

Parking Ramp Lighting

N/A

Airport Radar

Yes

Approach & Runway Lights

Yes Balizaje CUE

NDB

Yes

VOR

Yes Cuenca VOR-DME (CUV)

ILS

Yes

   

Radio aid for navigation and landing:  Radioayuda CUE

Airport Operating Details

Operating Details

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Bulk Cargo

No cargo flights

Maximum Sized Aircraft that can be Offloaded on Pallet

No cargo flights

Total Aircraft Parking Area (m²)

The airport has a rigid pavement platform 250 m long by 50 m wide, parallel to 70 m from the runway axis.

Storage Area (m3 and MT)

No

 

Storage Facilities

CUE Airport does not receive cargo flights

Airfield Costs

The Ecodelta rate, of USD 50, is charged on international tickets from Ecuador to abroad. On the other hand, the Ecuador Tourist Power tax is charged on international tickets from abroad to Ecuador.

Ecuador is generally the most expensive country for airlines, because it has the highest landing and parking fees in Latin America. On average, an airplane must pay USD 1,751 to cover these items.

The airport charges regulated rates for the following services, among others:

• By the use of the tracks

• For air traffic services

• For meteorological services

• For the inspection and control services of passengers and luggage

• Due to the use, by passengers, of airport areas not accessible to visitors.

• For passenger mobility services and assistance to people with reduced mobility

• Due to the parking of aircraft at airports

 

FUEL SERVICES CHARGES

 

Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

2.114 / US Gallon ; 0.562 / Litre

Avgas

N/A

 

Video restart of fuel supply service at CUE airport:   https://youtu.be/_5UJGaPUy3E

Corpac – FAYTA* http://www.fayta.com.ec/combustibles/ : Fuel types: JET A-1

2 tanks with a capacity of 5000 and 10000 gallons

5 tanks with a capacity of 50 thousand gallons

Condition: Operational

(*)FAYTA S.A. is an Ecuadorian company that markets aviation fuels (Turbo Fuel JP1 and AVGas 100/130), with more than 10 years of experience in the market, has current permits and contracts for the sale and distribution of aviation fuels.

Air Bridge

The airport does not have this equipment

Navigation Charges

Internacional, Cargos por Navegación y en Tierra   Internacional Cargos Navegación

 (see Art. 4º, 5º, 5.1, 7º, 8º y 9º)

Security

PROHIBITED ITEMS

a) Light firearms, firearms and other projectile-launching devices designed to cause serious injury by launching a projectile, or which can be confused with such devices

b) Stunning devices specifically designed to stun or immobilize:

c) Pointed or sharp-edged objects that can be used to cause serious injury:

d) Work tools that can be used to cause serious injury or threaten the operational safety of the aircraft:

e) Blunt instruments that can be used to cause serious injuries by striking:

f) Explosives and flammable substances and devices that can be used to cause serious injury or threaten the operational safety of the aircraft:

 

The regulations for obtaining, granting and using the airport circulation card at the Mariscal La Mar airport in the city of Cuenca indicate that: Any person who performs tasks or functions in the aeronautical field, as well as performs commercial acts or provides services. in the restricted security areas of the Mariscal La Mar airport in the city of Cuenca, you must possess the Airport Circulation Card, issued by the Cuenca Airport Corporation.

The TCA is the only document that allows its holder to enter certain sector(s) of the airport facility, according to the area to which they are authorized and which is displayed on the card in a bar of colors and numbers.

Objective: Guarantee the safety of passengers, aircraft users and airport facilities through the application of a control mechanism, with the issuance of the Airport Circulation Card, which regulates the entry and stay of people in the aeronautical part or in the different restricted security areas of the Mariscal Lamar airport in the city of Cuenca.

 

RESCUE AND FIRE FIGHTING SERVICE

1

Working Hours

MON-SUN 1100-0300

2

Fire Fighting Category

CAT 6

3

Rescue Equipment

1 OSHKOSH T-1500

1500 gallons of water, 195 gallons of AFFF and

500 pounds of P.Q.S.

1 ROSEMBAUER 3000

3000 gallons of water, 400 gallons of AFFF and

500 pounds of P.Q.S.

4

Ability to remove disabled aircraft

Liability and removal of an aircraft

unused correspond to the registered owner

or to the operator affected by his own means or

agreement with local companies.

5

Remarks

N/A

 

Ecuador - 2.2.5 Chachoan National Airport (Ambato)

Airport Overview

Chachoán airport is only operational during the day.

 

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-9-30_11-34-14.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1632972856000%26api%3Dv2

 

 

 

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Tungurahua

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

Ambato (6km)

Airport’s Complete Name

Aeródromo Nacional “Chachoán”

Latitude

-1.211944

Longitude

-78.57444

Elevation (ft and m)

8,391 ft / 2,558 m

IATA Code

ATF

ICAO Code

SEAM

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Ministry of National Defense

Directorate of Specialized Technical Consulting (DATE)

Ecuadorian Air Force

Management Contact Person

Jefatura Aepto Ambato

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport?

NO

Observations: Prior permission from the Ministry of National Defence is required for civil aircraft operations.

 

Runway

 

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

1,925 m x 25 m

Runway Side Strip

2042 x 150 m

Runway Orientation

 01/19

Runway Surface

SIWL 13636

DW 17273

Pavement, asphalt

Runway Condition

N/A

Airport Infrastructure Details

Infrastructure

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening

No

Runway Lighting

No

Refueling Capacity

No

Ground Handling Services

No

Air Traffic Control

N/A

Fire Fighting Equipment

N/A

Weather Information

Yes 1

Aircraft Parking Space

No

Navigation Aids

No 2

Perimeter Fencing

No

Windsock

Yes

 

 

  1. Meteo Ambato: INFORMACION_METEOROLOGICA_PROPORCIONADA Ambato
  2. Nav Aid , NO. Source RADIOAYUDAS_PARA_LA_NAVEGACI.C3.93N_Y_EL_ATERRIZAJE Ambato

 

Helipad

Si , _AREA_DE_ATERRIZAJE_PARA_HELICOPTEROS Ambato

 

Fuel Services Charges

N/A
 

 

Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

N/A

Avgas

N/A

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs)

N/A

 

 

Ecuador - 2.2.6 Seymour National Airport (Baltra, Galapagos)

Airport Overview

Baltra Seymour Airport, also known as Baltra Airport - Galapagos Islands, is the main airport of the Galapagos Islands archipelago in Ecuador. Seymour Airport is located on the island of Baltra, 23 meters above sea level.

The airport is located 36 km (22 miles) north of Puerto Ayora, capital and main town of the island of Santa Cruz, part of the Galapagos archipelago.

Baltra receives small planes with flights from the main Ecuadorian cities. Some of the airport's main services are X-ray control to prevent trafficking of endemic species, biosecurity and quarantine agencies, medical service, migration, catering, agro-quality and rapid security clearance. In the event of any emergency, the fire station and ambulances have a prompt response.

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-4_19-19-25.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628075967000%26api%3Dv2

Entry requirements to the Galapagos Islands by air

All people who want to enter the island province, tourists or residents, have the same requirements:

People over 16 years of age must present a COVID-19 vaccination card valid for at least 14 days after completing the schedule. In addition, the negative result of a qualitative real-time RT-PCR test, carried out up to 72 hours prior to boarding to Ecuador.

Minors between 2 and 16 years of age must present the negative result of a real-time qualitative RTPCR test carried out up to 72 hours prior to boarding.

In the case of national or foreign tourists, they must also present the transit control card issued by the Government Council of the Special Regime of Galapagos, eliminating the safe conduct managed by a tour operator or by an accommodation regulated by the Ministry of Tourism. This provision exempts the safe conduct for tour leaders established in article 12 of the Tourist Guidance Regulations for the Special Regime of the Province of Galapagos.

Ref. DGAC Galápagos por Vía Aérea

 

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-4_19-19-41.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628075982000%26api%3Dv2

 

Note: Seymour Airport is only operational during the day.

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Islas Galápagos

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

Baltra

Airport’s Complete Name

Aeródromo Nacional “Seymour”

Latitude

-0.444840

Longitude

           

-90.270334

Elevation (ft and m)

           

77 feet / 23 m

IATA Code

GPS

ICAO Code

SEGS

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Aeropuertos Ecológicos de Galápagos -

ECOGAL S.A. https://www.ecogal.aero/es/

 

Management Contact Person

Jorge Rosillo Gerente General

Jefatura Aeropuerto Baltra Aeródromo de Baltra

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport?

No

Passenger movement at Seymour Airport 2022 231,782 pax. (73,000 pax in 2020)

Runway(s)

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

2,400 m x 35 m

Runway Orientation

14/32

Runway Surface

65/F/D/X/U

Pavement Asphalt

Runway Condition

Good

Platform:

Surface: NE Sector: Pavement SW Sector – Concrete, Resistance: PCN: 45/R/D/X/T

Width, surface and resistance of taxiways:

Width: TWY A 59.82 M TWY B 31.77 M

Surface: TWY A Concrete TWY B Pavement

Resistance: TWY A and TWY B

PCN: 65/F/C/X/T

Airport Infrastructure Details

Infrastructure

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening

Yes

Runway Lighting

No

Refueling Capacity

No

Ground Handling Services

No

Air Traffic Control

Yes

Fire Fighting Equipment

Yes 4

Weather Information

Yes 1

Aircraft Parking Space

Yes 3

Navigation Aids

Yes 2

Perimeter Fencing

No

Windsock

Yes

 

 

 

(1) Meteo Aeropuerto Seymour Meteo Aeropuerto Seymour  Teléfono: Teléfono: 593 2 2947400 ext. 2610

(2) Aeronavegación RADIOAYUDAS NAVEGACION ATERRIZAJE Galápagos

(3) Plataforma:  Superficie :  Sector NE: Pavimento   Sector SW – Concreto, Resistencia : PCN: 45/R/D/X/T

(4)  Cat 6  Para situaciones de emergencia se interviene  mediante convenio entre la Jefatura de aeropuerto y las compañías locales. Equipo de salvamento: 1 OSHKOSH T-3000, 3000 galones de agua, 420 galones de AFFF 500 libras de P.Q.S. Ante cualquier emergencia el parque de bomberos y ambulancias tienen una pronta respuesta.

Helipad

Yes   Aterrizaje HELO Galápagos  Helipad Strength: Concrete PCN: 45/R/D/X/T

 

Fuel Services Charges

N/A

 

 

Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

N/A

Avgas

N/A

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs)

N/A

 

 

 

Ecuador - 2.2.7 Francisco de Orellana National Airport (Coca)

Airport Overview

The Francisco de Orellana Airport is located in the capital of the province of Orellana, also known by the name of Coca, due to its proximity to the Coca River. With the General Directorate of Civil Aviation of Ecuador as its operator, it is considered a Type B airport, because it carries out both cargo and passenger flights; In addition, it has a completely paved track 2,060 meters long × 27 meters wide.

The airport is located at an elevation of 834 feet (254 m) above mean sea level. It has a runway designated 15/33 with a flexible pavement surface measuring 6,760 by 90 feet (2,060 × 27 m); and a capacity to receive aircraft weighing more than 100,000 pounds.

Some of the airport's main services are: medical service and expedited security clearance. In the event of any emergency, the fire and ambulance station has a prompt response.

 

Brief History

The airport was built between 1958 and 1959 by the Vicariate of Aguarico, an ecclesiastical community that has contributed to the development of the region.

With an initial length of 600 meters, and only grass, which only allowed it to operate in summer; It was used to evacuate patients with tropical diseases typical of the area, given that there were no roads that connected this area with the rest of the country. With oil exploitation, the Texaco Company extended the length to a thousand meters, and added a mixture of ballast and crude oil, which gave it a characteristic similar to pavement.

 

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Orellana

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

           

Coca (5 km)

Airport’s Complete Name

Aeródromo Nacional “Francisco de Orellana”

Latitude

           

-0.463693

Longitude

-76.985308

Elevation (ft and m)

           

834 feet / 254 m

IATA Code

OCC

ICAO Code

SECO

Managing Company or Airport Authority

General Directorate of Civil Aviation

“Francisco de Orellana” National Aerodrome *

Management Contact Person

+593 6 2883518

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport?

N/A

(*) The General Directorate of Civil Aviation has been in charge of administration since 1988, and permanently continues with expansion and improvements to the runway and apron, and air terminal.

Passenger movements at Francisco de Orellana Airport 2022: 48,862 pax. (The airport has an installed capacity of up to 100,000 pax / year)

image-20231030104321-1

Photo https://www.nlarenas.com/2022/08/aeropuerto-francisco-de-orellana-el-coca/

 

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-4_19-40-13.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628077213000%26api%3Dv2

Runway

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

2300m x 30m

Runway Orientation

16/34

Runway Surface

Pavement Asphalt :PCN 39/F/C/Y/T

Runway Condition

N/A

  • 180° turns prohibited on RWY 16/34
  • Receives aircraft weighing more than 100,000 pounds/45 tons

Airport Infrastructure Details

With the remodelling carried out in 2018, the new terminal has 4,780 square meters of space and the apron with a capacity for up to 7 aircraft. Additionally, the airport has a landing strip 2,300 meters long by 30 meters wide, a boarding hall for more than 400 passengers, a new control tower 19.7 meters high, counter rooms and service hangars.

 

Infrastructure

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening

Yes

Runway Lighting

Yes 2

Refuelling Capacity

No

Ground Handling Services

No

Air Traffic Control

Yes

Fire Fighting Equipment

Yes CAT 6

Weather Information

Yes 4

Aircraft Parking Space

Yes 1

Navigation Aids

Yes 3

Perimeter Fencing

 Yes

Windsock

Yes

 

 

 

(1) Ramp with positions for up to 7 aircraft

(2) Approach and Runway Lights: PAPI Left 3° (253 M / 830 FT)

(3) Type of MAG VAR aid, type of OPS supported (for VOR/ILS/MLS, declination indicated): VOR/DME (5°W/2022) COV ID, NDB COC ID, LOC (5°W/2022 ) ILS CAT I (5°W or 355°) ID ICC, GP 16 DME

(4) COCA associated MET office, Ph. 593 2 2947400 ext. 3515

 

New facilities

• New Passenger Terminal

• New Control Tower

• New Fire Service Hangar

• Aircraft apron expansion

• Re-distribution of the internal hydrosanitary network

• Storm sewage system

• Exterior works and parking lots

Helipad

Yes, Helicopter Landing Area with two positions:

 A) 002741.68S 0765913.02W

 B) 002742.03S 0765913.72W

16.5M/54FT

Fuel Services Charges

Coca Airport fuel types: JET A-1  NOT operational


Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs)

N/A

 

Ecuador - 2.2.8 Coronel Carlos Concha Torres National Airport (Esmeraldas)

Airport Overview

The Colonel Carlos Concha Torres Airport is an airport serving the Pacific coastal city of Esmeraldas, capital of the Esmeraldas Province of Ecuador. It is 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) east of the city, across the Esmeraldas River in the parish of Tachina. Established in 1940 as General Rivadeneira Airport, the airport was renovated between 2012 and 2013, receiving a new terminal and a lengthened runway. Some of the main services of the airport are: medical service and fast-tracked security clearance.

In case of any emergency the fire station and ambulances have a prompt response.

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Esmeraldas

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Airport

Esmeraldas (3 km)

Airport’s Complete Name

Coronel Carlos Concha Torres Airport

Latitude

0.977015

Longitude

-79.624447

Elevation (ft and m)

32 feet / 10 m

IATA Code

ESM  

ICAO Code

SETN

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Dirección de Aviación Civil

Management Contact Person

Jorge Acosta

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport?

N/A

Runway

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

2,400 m x 45 m

Runway Orientation

18/36

Runway Surface

Asphalt

Runway Condition

Good condition

It is 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) east of the city, across the Esmeraldas River in the parish of Tachina.

Airport Infrastructure Details

Infrastructure

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening

Yes

Runway Lighting

No

Refueling Capacity

Yes

Ground Handling Services

Yes

Air Traffic Control

Yes

Fire Fighting Equipment

Yes

Weather Information

Yes

Aircraft Parking Space

Yes

Navigation Aids

Yes

Perimeter Fencing

Yes

Windsock

Yes

 

 

The Esmeraldas VOR-DME (Ident: ESV) and non-directional beacon (Ident: ESM) are located on the field.

Fuel Service Charges

Ecuafuel is the  fuelling station that belongs to PETROECUADOR, an Ecuadorian state company.

 

Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

0.56

Avgas

0.13

The above are referential prices and were obtained from Petrocomercial information (GoE fuel supplier). In the private sector, each retailer may vary its prices.

Royalties / Non-Objection Fees

N/A

 

 

 

Ecuador - 2.2.9 Nueva Loja National Airport (Lago Agrio)

Airport Overview

The airport has a terminal that can serve 150,000 passengers in a year. In this terminal, different types of airport services are offered: airline counters, restaurants, security points, military presence and nursing. In the external part of the airport there is a parking lot with capacity for about 220 cars, monitored by the local authorities. In terms of capacity, the airport can receive aircraft such as the Hercules C-130 or Boeing 727 without major problems, thanks to its track of 2,300 meters long by 45 wide. The airport has hangars and staff and equipment to provide maintenance for C-130, Boeing 727, Boeing 737 and Airbus A320 aircraft. Some of the main services of the airport are medical service and fast-tracked security clearance. In case of any emergency the fire station and ambulances have a prompt response. Lago Agrio Airport is only operational during daylight hours.

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Sucumbios

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Airport

Lago Agrio (3 km)

Airport’s Complete Name

Aeropuerto Nueva Loja

Latitude

0.092445

Longitude

-76.866919

Elevation (ft and m)

982 feet / 299 m

IATA Code

LGQ 

ICAO Code

SENL

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Dirección Nacional de Aviación Civil

Management Contact Person

Hernan Ojeda

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport?

N/A

Runway

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

2,307 m  x 45 m

Runway Orientation

05/23

Runway Surface

Asphalt

Runway Condition

Good condition

Airport Infrastructure Details

Infrastructure

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening

Yes

Runway Lighting

No

Refueling Capacity

Yes

Ground Handling Services

Yes

Air Traffic Control

Yes

Fire Fighting Equipment

Yes

Weather Information

Yes

Aircraft Parking Space

Yes

Navigation Aids

Yes

Perimeter Fencing

Yes

Windsock

Yes

 

 

Fuel Services Charges

PETROECUADOR an Ecuadorian state company, provided the fuel service in Lago Agrio.

 

Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

0.56

Avgas

0.13

The above are referential prices and were obtained from Petrocomercial information (GoE fuel supplier).  In the private sector, each retailer may vary its prices.

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs)

N/A

 

 

Ecuador - 2.2.10 Latacunga International Airport (Cotopaxi)

Airport Overview

Cotopaxi International Airport is a high elevation airport in Latacunga, the capital of the Cotopaxi Province in Ecuador. The airport is within a broad valley of the Ecuadoran Andes, with rising terrain east and west, and mountainous terrain distant in all quadrants. Cotopaxi International Airport is operational from 1045 – 0500.

It has the second longest runway in Ecuador. Runway length includes a 440 metres (1,440 ft) displaced threshold on the runway.

 

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Cotopaxi

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

Latacunga

Airport’s Complete Name

Aeropuerto Internacional de Latacunga

Latitude

00° 54' 24.60" S

Longitude

078° 36' 56.72" W

Elevation (ft and m)

2.806 m / 9.205 feet 

IATA Code

LTX

ICAO Code

SELT

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Dirección Nacional de Aviación Civil

Management Contact Person

Carlos Vivas

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport?

N/A

Airport Pictures

 

Runway(s)

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

Length 3693 m x Width 45 m

Runway Orientation

18/36

Runway Surface

Asphalt

Runway Condition

Good condition

 

Airport Infrastructure Details

Infrastructure

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening

Yes

Runway Lighting

Yes

Refueling Capacity

Yes

Ground Handling Services

Yes

Air Traffic Control

Yes

Fire Fighting Equipment

Yes

Weather Information

Yes

Aircraft Parking Space

Yes

Navigation Aids

Yes

Perimeter Fencing

Yes

Windsock

Yes

 

 

Fuel Services Charges

The only fuelling station is Ecuafuel , the  station belongs to PETROECUADOR, an Ecuadorian state company.  In this station large amount of fuel is available.

 

Price per Litre USD - $

Jet A-1

0.56

Avgas

0.13

The above are referential prices and were obtained from Petrocomercial information (GoE fuel supplier).  In the private sector, each retailer may vary its prices.

 

Ecuador - 2.2.11 Catamayo National Airport (Loja)

Airport Overview

The Catamayo City Airport is the only airport that serves the entire province of Loja with more than 511,000 inhabitants. The airport is only operational during daylight hours, receiving a total of 68 regular flights monthly, of which 60 are from Quito and 8 from Guayaquil, reaching up to 3 daily flights. In 2022 a total of 64.685 passengers flew in/out the terminal, (Ref, 2021 33,577; 2020 20,955)

The airport is located a city in mountain valley 18 kilometres (11 mi) west of Loja. There is rising terrain south of the airport, and mountainous terrain in all other quadrants. Some of the main services of the airport are a medical Service and fast-tracked security clearance.

Approaching and landing can only be made on runway 07 and takeoffs on runway 25, which makes its operation more complex, which together with the climate and mountains is a challenge for the pilots, who are specially trained to land there. The location of the runway does not allow the development of an instrument flight procedure to get there in bad weather. Very intense winds in certain times of the year is another limitation  that does not allows any operation to be carried out on either of the two tracks, added to the irregular topography of the terrain.

 

 

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Loja

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

Catamayo

Airport’s Complete Name

Aeropuerto Ciudad de Catamayo

Latitude

 

035945S

Longitude

0792219W

Elevation (ft and m)

           

1238 m / 4,056 feet

IATA Code

  LOH

ICAO Code

SECA

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Dirección General de Aviación Civil

Aeródromo Nacional “Ciudad de Catamayo”

Management Contact Person

Jefatura Aeropuerto Catamayo

Ph: +593 7 2677310

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport?

No

 

The Catamayo Airport, began its operations with the application of the RNAV instrument approach procedure, with support from the GNSS satellite system (Global Navigation Satellite System), used for the approach and landing of aircraft. . Previously, the approach was carried out only in VFR flight conditions, that is, with visual reference to the terrain.

https://www.aviacioncivil.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2022/01/Catamayo.jpeg

The General Directorate of Civil Aviation, through the Directorate of Air Navigation Services, began the process of implementing this procedure, a year ago, together with the air operator LATAM, to take advantage of the avionics technology that will be used by the Airbus 319 aircraft said the airline, on the Quito-Loja-Quito route.

During this process, the Air Traffic Control (ATC) personnel of the control tower of the Catamayo air terminal were trained. In addition, technical coordination was carried out regarding the type of navigation, approach and takeoff with ATC personnel from the Guayaquil Area Control Center (ACC) and ATC personnel from the Cuenca airport, who will carry out permanent control and surveillance of the flights carried out. to and from Catamayo airport.

image-20231030105148-1

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-5_19-18-0.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628162280000%26api%3Dv2

Passenger movements at Catamayo City Airport 2022: 64.685 pax, nationals

 

Runway

Runway

Runway Dimensions

1860 m x 30 m

Runway Orientation

 07 / 25

Runway Surface

50/F/D/Y/U

Pavement

(72000 KG)

Runway Condition

Good

 

Helipad

Not established, APN is used. Pavement  PCN: 50/F/D/Y/U

Airport Infrastructure Details

Infrastructure

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening

Yes

Runway Lighting

Yes

Refuelling Capacity

Yes (Not Operational)

Ground Handling Services

Yes / No

Air Traffic Control

Yes

Fire Fighting Equipment

Yes CAT 6

Weather Information

Yes 2

Aircraft Parking Space

Yes 1

Navigation Aids

Yes 3

Perimeter Fencing

Yes / No

Windsock

Yes

Ability to Remove Disabled Aircraft

No 4

  1. Pavement PCN: 50/F/D/Y/U (72000 KG) The parking platform can accommodate 3 Embraer 190 type aircraft or 4 smaller aircraft
  2. Associated MET office CATAMAYO 593 2 2947400 ext. 1515
  3. The use of the RNAV instrument approach procedure at the Catamayo Airport  increases the level of safety of air operations, shorten the approach time of an aircraft to the airport and thereby also reduce the emission of carbon dioxide into the air atmosphere.
  4. Not available, In case of these situations It is carried out through an agreement between the  airport and local companies

 

The Loja non-directional beacon (Ident: LOJ) is located on the field. The control tower has new-technology, communications and weather forecast systems. There is a firefighting hangar, parking area for 4,000 US gallons firefighting trucks  and technical maintenance block of 360 square meters facilities.

Source: DGAC,  runway lighting system at Loja's "Ciudad de Catamayo" Airport.

 

Fuel Services Charges

Facilities/resupply capacity Catamayo Airport

fuel types: JET A-1

1 tanker

NOT operational
 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs)

N/A

 

 

Ecuador - 2.2.12 Coronel Edmundo Carvajal National Airport (Macas)

Airport Overview

The Macas Airport, also known as the Coronel Edmundo Carvajal Airport, is an airport serving Macas, the capital of Morona-Santiago Province in Ecuador. The airport  is located 1.9 nautical miles (3.5 km) off the approach threshold of Runway 19. The city of Macas (Morona Santiago) is the connection point for the Taisha, Gualaquiza, Limón Indanza, and Morona cantons and provides connectivity to 80 tracks in various communities in the sector; places where there is no other mode of transport than air. It is the only means of access to an average of 147 tracks of the Shuar and Achuar ethnic groups. There are 17 DGAC officials working in the terminal that allow the population to communicate with the rest of Ecuador.

 

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-5_19-32-44.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628163164000%26api%3Dv2

 

 

image-20231030111731-1

The Trans Cutucú Region area is located on the border with Peru, crossing the Trans Cutucú mountain range.

The average cost of each flight to the Trans Cutucú is $250. The trip is carried out with 5 pax capacity Cessnas, Pipers, who finance the trip. Average flight time is 20-30 minutes to any point in the jungle. Air transport becomes essential for dozens of inhabitants of remote rural areas, as it is the the only means of access to an average of 147 tracks of the Shuar and Achuar ethnic groups, who do not have other communication channels.

 

 

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

Morona-Santiago

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

Macas

Airport’s Complete Name

Aeródromo Nacional “Coronel Edmundo Carvajal”

Latitude

021757S

Longitude

 0780715W

Elevation (ft and m)

1052 m   3451 ft

IATA Code

XMS

ICAO Code

SEMC

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Dirección General de Aviación Civil

Aeródromo Nacional “Coronel Edmundo Carvajal”

Management Contact Person

Jefatura Aeropuerto Macas

593 7 2700258

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport?

No

 

Air lines that operate with service to MACAS

MACAS is the main airport serving this area and is the departure and arrival point of flights operated by TAME Línea Aereas del Ecuador in the region, also Aero Morona, Aerokashurco, Aerosangay, Aeromacas and Amazonía Verde. There are also occasional Air Force flights.

 

image-20231030111731-2

The Coronel Edmundo Carvajal Airport is located between the town of Santa Ana and Nueva Jerusalem.

 

Runway

The dimensions of the runway 2,560 m runway long by 30 m. wide and has all the air navigation services that make both minor and major aviation operations possible. The Hercules of the Armed Forces with capacity for 100 passengers and the Embraer 190 for commercial flights with 70 occupants are the largest aircraft that operate at the airport.

 

Runway

Runway Dimensions

2500 m x 30 m

Runway Orientation

02 / 20

Runway Surface

Pavement, asphalt

Runway Condition

Good

Observations:

  1. Turning 180° prohibited in RWY 02/20.
  2. It is strictly prohibited to carry out a right traffic circuit for runway 20 and a left traffic circuit for runway 02, except for overflights.

http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3014/5755194465_455055227b_b.jpg

“CORONEL EDMUNDO CARVAJAL” AIRPORT MACAS by Galeria Mtop Morona Santiago

 

Helipad

image-20231030111731-3

Photo: https://www.airliners.net/photo/Ecuador-Police/Eurocopter-AS-350B-3-Ecureuil/2714804/L

Not established, APN is used. There are also private helipads, resistance of platform: Unknown

 

image-20231030111731-4

Photo, Google, Alejandro Torres, Image capture Mar 2022

OPERATION IN AEROMEDICAL TRANSPORTATION

Air transport, also known as aeromedical evacuation, is the action of carrying wounded, affected, injured and/or sick people through the air (in airplanes, helicopters, small planes, among other rotary-wing or fixed-wing aircraft). These transports by air are carried out:

  1. When the area where the alert is registered is very difficult to access for relief personnel (on foot or in logistics vehicles) and the displacement of an aircraft from the relief entities must be activated to rescue and mobilize those affected.
  2. When the situation of the injured person and the degree of his injuries seriously compromise his physical integrity and it is necessary for him to be transferred urgently and as quickly as possible to a specialized health center.

In 2022 in the Amazon, ECU 911 Macas *  managed the support of a private company for the air transfer of a child with health problems from the Banderas community, bordering Peru. A helicopter from the Lowell Mineral Exploration company was activated. The 10-year-old minor was taken in an ambulance from the Ministry of Public Health (MSP) to the Edmundo Carvajal airport in Macas and then to the Macas General Hospital for a more specialized evaluation.

In the same community, another transport by air was carried out of a 17-year-old Peruvian woman who was pregnant. Due to the degree of difficulty in accessing the area and the complications in the pregnancy (which put the life of the woman and her child at risk), it was essential to immediately transport the patient to a health home, where she was treated. with her baby and had no subsequent complications.

(*)ECU 911 Macas Morona Santiago, Ecuador  coordinates  -2.30283880234, -78.1229476929

ECU 911 call center (Quito) Phone: +593 2-380-0700

Citizens who have an emergency anywhere in Ecuadorian territory can request help through the following mechanisms: call to the single emergency line 911 and the ECU 911 smartphone application.

 

 

Airport Infrastructure Details

Infrastructure

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening

Yes

Runway Lighting

No

Refueling Capacity

No

Ground Handling Services

No

Air Traffic Control

Yes 2, 6

Fire Fighting Equipment

Yes  CAT 5

Weather Information

Yes 5

Aircraft Parking Space

No

Navigation Aids

Yes 1, 3, 4,

Perimeter Fencing

Yes

Windsock

Yes

 

 

 

  1. Type of help MAG VAR, type of OPS supported (for VOR/ILS/ MLS, indicated decline): VOR/DME (3°W/2017) ID: MSV. NDB ID: MAS The Macas VOR-DME (Ident: MSV) is located 1.9 nautical miles (3.5 km) off the approach threshold of Runway 19. The Macas non-directional beacon (Ident: MAS) is located on the field.

  2. MACAS CTR RDO 10 NM centered on VOR/DME MSV COORD 021527S 0780636W.

  3. To manage the air traffic that operates in this sector, when the use of the 123.45 MHZ frequency is mentioned, the procedure called TIBA (Traffic Information Broadcast by Aircraft) will be applied, which consists of pilots disseminating relevant complementary reports and data on this frequency. to warn the pilots of other aircraft in the vicinity

  4. The Aerodrome Control Service (ATZ) of the “Coronel Edmundo Carvajal” Aerodrome will provide the Aerodrome Flight Information Service (AFIS) to the extent of the reach of the 123.0 MHZ frequency in airspace classified as “Class G”.

  5. MACAS associated MET office Ph: 593 2 2947400 ext. 3315

  6. There is Increase in air operations, mainly minor aviation and helicopters that fly at low levels

 

Fuel Services Charges

Macas Airport fuel types: JET A-1

NOT operational
 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs)

N/A

 

 

Ecuador - 2.2.13 Santa Rosa International Airport (Machala)

 

Airport Overview

Santa Rosa International Airport (also known as Coronel Artilleria Victor Larrea Airport) is an airport serving Machala, the capital of El Oro Province in Ecuador. Located 28 kilometres (12 mi) south in Santa Rosa, it replaces the closed General Manuel Serrano Airport (permanent closed) in Machala, and is designed to handle international flights from Peru.

Within its infrastructure it has a 2,470m x 45m runway, its aircraft with the highest capacity an Airbus A-320, a pre-boarding room for 252 people, radio aids, fire service and ample parking spaces. In addition, this airport not only offers a modern infrastructure, it is also part of the Incentive Plan that has discounts on landing, lighting, flight protection, flight protection en route, parking for more than 4 hours. As well as the subsidy of 40% of air fuel, implemented by the National Government.

Latam Ecuador announced it will operate Santa Rosa from Quito.  Different shrimp farms and banana farms operate from Santa Rosa and have their hangars here as well as Alas del Ecuador flight school. Daily general aviation flights from Guayaquil and other parts of the coast can be seen here. Occasionally, military flights operate to and from Santa Rosa.

Aero-regional is a commercial passenger and cargo airline installed in Ecuador since 2018 with regular and non-scheduled flights, both national and international. Actually Aero-regional has two services to Lima, Perú and Caracas Venezuela based on seasonal charters

Some of the main services of the airport are a medical service and fast-tracked security clearance. In case of any emergency the fire station and ambulances have a prompt response.

 

Airport Location and Contact

Country

Ecuador

Province or District

El Oro

Nearest Town or City
with Distance from Airport

Machala (28 km)

Santa Rosa (4.8 km)

Airport’s Complete Name

Santa Rosa International Airport

Latitude

032611S

Longitude

0795902W

Elevation (ft and m)

21 ft / 6.4 m

IATA Code

ETR

ICAO Code

SERO

Managing Company or Airport Authority

Dirección General de Aviación Civil

Aeródromo Nacional “Santa Rosa”

Management Contact Person

Jefatura Aeropuerto Santa Rosa

Ph: (593) 7 3903460

NGO and/or UN Presence at Airport?

No

Passenger movements at Santa Rosa Airport in 2022: 12.591 pax

image-20231030113808-1

Runways

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/image2021-8-5_20-1-43.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628164904000%26api%3Dv2Source: El Universo, https://www.eluniverso.com/

 

This airport was built next to the Santa Rosa Agro airfield which is a private airstrip used for crop dusting.  Though it is not part of the same airport, the Santa Rosa Agro runway appears in the airport charts. However, both airfields are separate and there is no physical connection between both.  Santa Rosa tower must be contacted for take-off and landing clearance.

 

Runway #1

Runway Dimensions

2500 m x 30 m

Runway Orientation

  07 / 25

Runway Surface

60/F/D/Y/U

Pavement

Runway Condition

Good

  • Aircraft operating on runway 07/25 of the “Santa Rosa” Regional Airport will have priority over those operating on runway 09/27; ATC will authorize the agricultural aircraft to carry out a visual hold away from the approach path or on the ground as the case may be.
  • Operations at the Santa Rosa Regional Airport runways 07/25 and 09/27 will NOT be carried out simultaneously; will be considered one operation at a time. Agricultural aircraft will avoid flying over the runway 07/25

 

Runway #2

Runway Dimensions

914 m x 18 m

Runway Orientation

 09 / 27

Runway Surface

6800 kg 15000 pounds

Pavement, flexible

Runway Condition

Good

  • The operation on runway 09/27 will be exclusively for agricultural aircraft, which will be subject to authorizations from the Air Traffic Services.
  • Due to the lack of visibility towards runway 09/27 from the Control Tower, ATC WILL NOT USE the phraseology “AUTHORIZED TO TAKE OFF” or “AUTHORIZED TO LAND”, limiting itself to reporting local weather conditions, essential traffic and other instructions. ATC that correspond.
  • Aircraft operating on runway 07/25 of the “Santa Rosa” Regional Airport will have priority over those operating on runway 09/27; ATC will authorize the agricultural aircraft to carry out a visual hold away from the approach path or on the ground as the case may be.
  • Because runway 09/27 is located within the “Santa Rosa” Regional Airport, VFR operations on this runway cannot be carried out if the weather conditions are below the minimum meteorological conditions for VFR flights.

 

Airport Infrastructure Details

Infrastructure

Passenger / Cargo Security Screening

Yes

Runway Lighting

Yes 2

Refueling Capacity

No

Ground Handling Services

No

Air Traffic Control

Yes

Fire Fighting Equipment

Yes CAT 5

Weather Information

Yes 1

Aircraft Parking Space

Yes 4

Navigation Aids

Yes 3

Perimeter Fencing

Yes

Windsock

Yes

 

 

  1. Associated MET Office: SANTA ROSA   593 2 2947400 Ext. 2435
  2. Approach and landing lights: PAPI Left / 3rd (6M/19FT)
  3. Type of help MAG VAR, type of OPS supported (for VOR/ILS/ MLS, indicated decline): VOR/DME (2°W/2020)  ID:SRVLOC 07 (2°W/2020) ILS CAT I (2°W o 358°) ID: ISR. GP 07 DME
  4. Surface and resistance of the platform:  Surface: Pavement Resistance: PCN: 70/R/D/Y/U

 

Helipad

Not established, APN is used. Pavement PCN: 70/R/D/Y/U

 

Fuel Services Charges

Santa Rosa Airport

fuel types: JET A-1

NOT operational

 

Royalties / Non Objection Fees (NOFs)

N/A

 

 

Ecuador - 2.3 Road Network

Ecuador has a total of  43,200 km of roads. The State Road Network (Red Vial Estatal) is made up of primary and secondary roads. The set of primary and secondary roads are the main roads that register the highest vehicular traffic, interconnects the provincial capitals, canton capitals, international border ports with or without customs and large and medium centers of economic activity. The total length of the State Road Network (including primary and secondary roads) is approximately 10,300 km of road.

 

Ecuador Road Inventory (kms)

 

Coast

Highlands

Amazon

Islands

Total

Paved

 4,040

  3,628

  478

  15

  8,161

Gravel

 6,665

12,405

3,816

169

23,055

Dirt

 5,787

  6,020

  177

   0

11,984

Total

16,492

22,053

4,471

184

43,200

Distance Matrix

Distances from Capital City to Major Towns (km)

 

Quito

Ambato

Cuenca

Guayaquil

Manta

Tulcán

Esmeraldas

Quito

 

111

432

390

362

239

300

Ambato

111

 

321

277

358

381

371

Cuenca  

432

321

 

191

392

702

654

Guayaquil 

390

277

191

 

180

659

447

Loja 

640

529

207

398

597

909

861

Manta 

362

358

392

180

 

631

371

Tulcán 

239

381

702

659

631

 

395

Esmeraldas

300

371

654

502

371

395

 

Travel Time from Capital City to Major Towns

 

Quito

Ambato

Cuenca

Guayaquil

Manta

Tulcán

Esmeraldas

Quito

 

02h23

07h41

07h22

06h44

04h24

05h14

Ambato

02h23

 

04h13

05h08

04h57

04h50

05h07

Cuenca 

07h41

04h13

 

03h28

5h19

11h22

08h22

Guayaquil 

07h22

05h08

03h28

 

03h17

07h55

07h28

Loja 

10h58

07h40

03h30

05h41

08h14

11h11

12h11

Manta 

06h44

04h57

5h19

03h17

 

08h22

05h21

Tulcán 

04h24

07h55

11h22

07h55

08h22

 

05h43

Esmeraldas

05h14

05h07

08h22

07h28

05h21

05h43

 

Road Security

Although some of Ecuador’s roads and highways have greatly improved in recent years, road travel throughout Ecuador can still be dangerous, especially at night. Rural roads are often unpaved, generally in poor condition or affected by heavy rains and mudslides. Mountain roads may lack safety features such as crash barriers or guard rails, and conditions are frequently made more treacherous by heavy fog. Highways are often unmarked and unlit, and do not have signs indicating destinations. In addition, slow-moving buses and trucks frequently stop in the middle of the road unexpectedly. In the countryside, livestock is often herded along roads or grazes on roadsides. Lacking sidewalks, many roads are also used by pedestrians Driving in Ecuador can be a confusing experience for foreigners used to drive in Europe or the United States. In provincial areas, traffic laws are rarely enforced, and drivers tend to ignore posted signs and lights. However, the road systems in major cities are usually orderly and well planned, although fraught with traffic congestion.

Weighbridges and Axle Load Limits

There are currently no operational weighbridges in Ecuador. 

Axle Load Limits

Ecuador

Colombia

Perú

Truck with 2 Axles

18 MT

18 MT

18 MT

Truck with 3 Axles

27 MT

27 MT

27 MT

Truck with 4 Axles

32 MT

32 MT

32 MT

Semi-trailer with 3 Axles

27 MT

27 MT

27 MT

Semi-trailer with 4 Axles

31 MT

31 MT

31 MT

Semi-trailer with 5 Axles

47 MT

47 MT

47 MT

Semi-trailer with 6 Axles

48 MT

48 MT

48 MT

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 4 Axles

N/A

N/A

N/A

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 5 Axles

N/A

N/A

N/A

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 6 Axles

N/A

N/A

N/A

Truck & Drawbar Trailer with 7 Axles

N/A

N/A

N/A

Road Class and Surface Conditions

Ecuador – Road Classification

Classification

Road Description

Class A

Primary Roads: International trunk roads linking international boundaries, international ports or provincial capitals

Class B

Secondary Roads:  Recollection of traffic from rural or urban area and linking it to the Primary Roads

Class C

Tertiary Roads and local tracks: They connect Parishes and production areas to the National Road Network

Source: Arqº María de los Angeles Duarte, Ministerio de transportes y Obras Públicas

An important route, the Pan-American highway, crosses the country from North to South from Tulcán (in the border with Colombia) to Macará (in the border with Peru), completing a route of 1,397 kilometers throughout the Andean mountains; it is the main artery of communication in the country, as well as with the neighboring countries. Since 2008, GoE directed its effort on road maintenance. In addition to this action, the administration and maintenance of the main roads are currently concessioned to private companies, resulting in a very good condition of primary roads throughout the country.

 North-South route Bogotá - Quito - Lima

The Ecuadorian section is asphalted and has sections on rigid pavement, having the character of a toll highway in some sections, having from two lanes in each direction, with the usual sections having three lanes in each direction from the border with Colombia to Otavalo, and up to five at the entrance to the Metropolitan District of Quito from the north; Between the Quito and Riobamba routes there are three lanes in each direction, as well as from the border between the Cañar and Azuay provinces to the south of Cuenca, between the Azogues and Cuenca routes.

The Pan-American Highway is not a single great work or megaproject in the style of the Trans-Siberian railway, but a multitude of roads from different countries and characteristics connected to each other. However, almost a century after its conception, it is almost complete, and extends from the state of Alaska (United States) in North America to the city of Quellon, Chiloe (Chile) in South America, passing through the cities of Mexico City. (Mexico), Guatemala City (Guatemala), San Salvador (El Salvador), Cali (Colombia), Quito (Ecuador), Lima (Peru) and Los Andes (Chile) originally.

 

Ecuador - 2.3.1 Land Border Crossing of Rumichaca (Colombia)

Overview

There are several official border crossings between Ecuador and its neighbors Peru and Colombia. The main ones are Rumichaca Tulcán-Ipiales International Bridge, San Miguel International Bridge, Huaquillas and Macará.

The Puente Internacional de Rumichaca is the main border crossing between Ecuador and Colombia; It was originally the obligatory ancestral step, from the time of the conquest to the present day. Above the natural bridge rise the customs houses of Ecuador and Colombia, built around 1936 and 1932 respectively.

Development plans for the Ecuador-Colombia Border Zone

As a result of the regular and extraordinary activity in recent years, which is recorded at the historic Tulcán-Ipiales border crossing, there are binational development agreements stipulated in:

PBIFEC: Ecuador-Colombia Binational Border Integration Plan. PBIFEC. The Binational Border Integration Plan Ecuador Colombia –PBIFEC is the effort to establish a common plan that articulates the national plans of both countries for the good of the border areas. Identifying what their social conditions are and how to improve them. Generating productive activities and sources of work.

ZIF: Border Integration Zone. "Border Integration Zone" (ZIF) the adjacent border territorial areas of Member Countries of the Andean Community for which policies will be adopted and plans, programs and projects will be implemented to promote sustainable development and integration

ZIFEC: Ecuador-Colombia Border Integration Zone (ZIF-Ecuador: includes the provinces of Carchi, Esmeraldas, Imbabura and Sucumbíos; ZIF-Colombia: includes the Departments of Nariño and Putumayo).

Esmeraldas Treaty: It is the one granted by the competent national authority, which states that the transporter and the vehicle are authorized to carry out cross-border transportation of cargo.

MERCOSUR Ecuador is a state belonging to MERCOSUR and in terms of Border Integration it applies the benefits stipulated in the Mercosur Border Integration agreement.

To enter and leave Colombia to Ecuador and vice versa, it is the obligation of citizens, without exception, to present themselves at the corresponding immigration control posts at the CENAF (on the Rumichaca bridge) and provide the required documentation to the migration authorities to carry out the controls and authorizations of the case as determined by law.

Travelers must present a valid passport for stamping and proof of financial independence which may be in the form of return airfare, cash ($20 daily minimum), traveler's checks and/or credit card to access Peru and Colombia from Ecuador.

The authorities will only accept original identification documents. Very few nationalities require consular visas to enter Peru or Colombia from Ecuador, but it is recommended to consult first with diplomatic offices or specialized agencies.

Cargo movement

In 2022, the largest volume of cargo moved by Ecuador's border customs with its neighbouring countries, Tulcán was registered by customs with a cargo movement of 1,080 thousand tons, 12.5% ​​higher compared to the cargo moved during the former year.

image-20231023135348-1

According to percentage structure, in 2022, the largest cargo movement recorded by the border customs was through the Tulcán customs and represented 51.5% of the movement of merchandise that crosses Ecuador borders.

Control to the Transportation of International Cargo and Free Border Transit

For light and heavy cargo vehicles, tank trucks, tankers and similar those circulate between borders, they must carry the corresponding authorizations established by Ecuadorian regulations, especially the referral guide indicating the country of origin and destination, which will constitute  “laissez-passer”. sufficient for circulation within the country.

The toll is free on the Ecuadorian side.

Irregular Migration

The northern border that borders Colombia is porous. It is 586 km long; It extends between the mouth of the Mataje River, in the Ancón de Sardinas Bay (Esmeraldas), to the mouth of the Güepí River, in the Putumayo River (Sucumbíos).

Through the E-35 (Panamericana Norte), between 100 and 200 Venezuelan citizens enter daily from Ipiales to Tulcán, trying to reach Peru and Chile. Ecuador has become the obligatory corridor for the commission of immigration crimes.

Likewise, the Venezuelan exodus continues and it is also confirmed not only that they enter from north to south, but also that they return to their country of origin. In addition, the irregular border crossings called  trochas are still active, they are ideal routes to circumvent immigration controls carried out by the state in Rumichaca.

It is estimated that irregular border crossings amount to more than one hundred crossing points.

image-20231023135348-2

 

Border Crossing Location and Contact

Name of Border Crossing

Puente Internacional Rumichaca

 

Ecuador: Tulcán

 

Colombia: Ipiales

Province or District

Provincia de Carchi

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing

Quito (240 km)

Latitude

0.8153°

Longitude

-77.6649°

Managing Authority / Agency

Centro Nacional Fronterizo (CENAF),CENAF Rumichaca

Contact Person

Centro Nacional de Atención Fronteriza Rumichaca -  (Puente Internacional Rumichaca, Panamericana Norte Km. 0). Tel: (062) 245-251

 

Travel Times

Nearest International Airport

Quito, 240 km

Truck Travel Time: 6 hrs

Car Travel time: 4:30 hrs

Nearest Port

Esmeraldas (375 km)

Truck Travel Time: 8 hrs

Car Travel time: 06:15 hrs

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity

Quito, 240 km

Truck Travel Time: 6 hrs

Car Travel time: 4:30 hrs

Other Information

 

Carr. Panamericana / Troncal de la Sierra / E35

 

Hours of Operation

Mondays

06h00 a 14h00

14h00 a 22h00

22h00 a 06h00

Tuesdays

06h00 a 14h00

14h00 a 22h00

22h00 a 06h00

Wednesdays

06h00 a 14h00

14h00 a 22h00

22h00 a 06h00

Thursdays

06h00 a 14h00

14h00 a 22h00

22h00 a 06h00

Fridays

06h00 a 14h00

14h00 a 22h00

22h00 a 06h00

Saturdays

06h00 a 14h00

14h00 a 22h00

22h00 a 06h00

Sundays

06h00 a 14h00

14h00 a 22h00

22h00 a 06h00

National Holidays

 

N/A

Seasonal Constraints

No

 

Daily Capacity

The Rumichaca Bridge has a total average daily traffic of 12,629 vehicles, with a distribution of 52% (6,513 vehicles) in the Colombia-Ecuador direction and 48% (6,117 vehicles) in the Ecuador-Colombia direction. Regarding the vehicle composition on the Rumichaca Bridge, total capacity (3-day period counting), the result is that 88% are cars, 3% buses and 9% trucks.

All procedures before the immigration authorities of Colombia and Ecuador are in person, free and generally fast, so they do not require intermediaries.

In Quito, Guayaquil, Rumichaca, Huaquillas and San Miguel, 406 professionals trained in documentary control Migration Law and immigration documents, treaties and international agreements; In addition to serving the public, they serve thousands of users who enter and leave Ecuadorian territory daily. At the Centro Nacional de Atención en Frontera (CENAF) in Rumichaca, 40% of its officials speak English and 10% another language.

To cross the border between Ipiales (Colombia) and Ecuador, which is divided by a river in the Rumichaca area, you need a valid passport. The procedure has no cost and you have to be patient, depending on the volume of pedestrians and vehicles. Waiting times could eventually be long.

Customs Clearance

Resolution No. SENAE-DGN-2013-0361-RE regulates customs activities that take place on the land borders of the Ecuadorian customs territory. Foreign trade activities between the border between Ecuador and Colombia have historically been characterized by problems of smuggling, illegal trafficking of goods that the government and the customs surveillance unit try to stop.

Although the border customs control procedure is the same as in a port or airport, the time is longer due to the dangers posed by smuggling and drug trafficking at the borders.

If the goods do not require control documents for their dispatch, the border importer may declare their goods taxed in Chapter 98, in the specific subheading that corresponds to taxed passenger goods. On the contrary, if the imported merchandise requires control documents, it will be declared in the specific subheading between chapters 1 to 97. *

(*) https://www.aduana.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/RCopci.pdf

Vehicle Entry

Passenger vehicle (local transport or taxis): present Unique Passenger Transport Documentation.

Tourist Transport Vehicle: present the Single Tourist Transport Document and the list of the tourist group.

Vehicle in Community Customs Transit: Present a copy of the service provision permit and Certificate of Suitability, granted by the National Commission for Land Transport, Traffic and Road Safety.

Private or rented vehicles for tourist purposes: You must present to the corresponding Ecuadorian Customs officials the enabling documents for this purpose: identity document (passport) duly stamped by immigration, driver's license and vehicle registration, through which the entering vehicle constitutes a special and preferential pledge in favor of the Customs of Ecuador. The permanence of the vehicle for private use by tourists will be equal to the maximum time granted to the tourist, according to immigration registration.

Goods Entry

Any traveler who enters through the country's land borders goods subject to payment of taxes, whose value is less than or equal to USD $2,000.00 (or its equivalent in another currency); You must present the Simplified Customs Declaration (DAS), and attach the documents requested by Customs. If the value of the merchandise subject to payment of taxes exceeds USD $2,000.00 (or its equivalent in another currency); You must register as an Importer, hire the services of a Customs Agent authorized by Ecuadorian Customs, obtain import permits and licenses, depending on the product, and present the Customs Import Declaration (DAI). For more information on HOW TO IMPORT, see https://www.aduana.gob.ec/para-importar/  Regardless of the type of merchandise being imported, Ecuadorian Customs may require:

  • Private or rented vehicles for tourist purposes
  • Certificates of Origin from the countries with which Ecuador maintains trade agreements (to benefit from the corresponding tax exemption)
  • Prior Control Documents required by COMEXI regulations.

References:

https://www.aduana.gob.ec/files/pro/leg/tra/2016/jun/k_MejoraPasosFronteraSENPLADES.pdf

https://www.aduana.gob.ec/files/pro/leg/res/2013/SENAE-DGN-2013-0361-RE.pdf

https://www.aduana.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/RCopci.pdf

Colombians who enter Ecuador with a private vehicle must obtain an entry permit from the Customs of this country, bring: driving license, property card, identification document, DJT form (Sworn Tourist Declaration, download on the page www.aduana.gob.ec; if the vehicle is in the name of another person, carry authorization authenticated by power of attorney, deliver the above to the National Customs Service (Senae), or Customs in Rumichaca, these procedures are free. With international transport vehicles of passengers or public service, the same documents mentioned above, add an insurance contract in which a civil liability policy is expressed, and a list of passengers.

For Ecuadorians with a car, who visit the city of Ipiales, Colombia, and its surroundings, the traffic and police authorities will not require Mandatory Traffic Accident Insurance SOAT, this to facilitate tourism and border commerce; This requirement is mandatory starting at km 21 via Panamericana towards Pasto, Nariño, or traveling beyond this site; They must acquire it at the Rumichaca bridge, customs house. Failure to possess the SOAT is subject to onerous fines.

For those who do not have their own transportation, they should keep in mind that the public taxi service from Tulcán to the Rumichaca bridge is available until 5:30 p.m. m.; From this time onwards you have to pay express taxi. From the bridge to Ipiales, there are public vehicles until 7 at night; They return to work at 6 a.m. m. of the next day. The distance from Tulcán to Rumichaca is 10 km, two hours on foot. And from this place to Ipiales, it is 3 km, walking 40 minutes without suitcases.

Currency Exchange  

The Rumichaca international bridge is open 24 hours a day and money exchange (pesos to dollars or vice versa) can be done at this place. During business (working) hours there is currency exchange in the two border cities.

Customs Director Rumichaca: Christian Iván Villarreal Chuca

Address: Av. 24 de Mayo y Alfonso Mena .Sector El Capulí

Postal code: 040101

Ph:  (593-6) 2980-391

Open from-to: 08h00 – 17h00

For more information about customs in Ecuador, please consult: : https://www.aduana.gob.ec/  and 1.3 Customs Information.

Other Relevant Information

 

Public entities that operate in Centros de Atención en Frontera:

 

• National Police: Provide support in border control of people and vehicles, additionally control the access doors to the Centers directly to people.

• National Customs Service: Carry out control of customs processes and redirect people with symptoms to the MSP.

• Agrocalidad: Fumigation and exterior disinfection of all vehicles entering the centers; control and compliance with phytosanitary processes.

• Armed Forces: In coordination with the National Police, control the entry of users to the Border Attention Centers.

• Ecuadorian Traffic Commission: Review of the qualifications to carry out international transportation, additionally registering vehicles entering and leaving the country.

• Ministry of Transportation and Public Works: Carry out weight and dimension control of cargo vehicles. The MTOP is in charge of the administration of the Border Attention Center, they have an official audience for this activity.

• Migration: Registration and immigration control of users entering and leaving the country, additional users are registered to issue the Andean Card.

 

Ecuador - 2.3.2 Land Border Crossing of Huaquillas - Tumbes (Peru)

Overview

The border crossing through Huaquillas-Tumbes is the most popular and fastest of the three passes between Ecuador and Peru. In recent years, the two countries have improved border crossing services in such a way that the exit from one country and entry to the other take place in the same building. With modern facilities, the migration building to go from Ecuador to Peru is located on the Peruvian side and the migration building from Peru to Ecuador is located on the Ecuadorian side. In summary, in a single building there are the two rows to carry out migration.

Very few nationalities are required consular visas to enter Peru or Colombia from Ecuador but it is suggested to check with diplomatic offices or specialized agencies before leaving your country of origin.

The militarization of the border was announced on January 26 2020, following the news of the arrest in Tumbes of nearly 500 migrants, mostly Venezuelans, the operation was carried out jointly Ecuador and Perú and whose objective is to "block the entry of illegal migrants" in the midst of the health emergency.

Binational Border Assistance Center, Huaquillas (CEBAF)

The CEBAF complex is part of the need to facilitate international road transport in the Andean sub region. Likewise, it is made up of two twin buildings, one in each country, destined to facilitate customs, migration, anti-narcotics and agro-quality services. Around 112 officials work in these facilities, the same ones who are in charge of the processes of controlling the departure and arrival of people both in Ecuador and Peru, the working hours are 24 hours 7 days a week. Approximately 27,000 people and 1,500 vehicles pass through CEBAF per month, a figure that increases during holidays. Within the complex, there are other complementary constructions necessary for the development of activities, such as control of weights and measures, control of transport vehicles, kennels for anti-drug dogs, laboratories, food court, etc. This center makes it possible to implement an efficient and integrated system for the management and control of binational traffic, avoiding duplication of procedures and registrations on leaving and entering each country.

Border Crossing Location and Contact

Name of Border Crossing

 

Paso fronterizo Huaquillas-Tumbes

Ecuador: Huaquillas

Perú: Aguas Verdes

Province or District

El Oro

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing

Huaquillas (0 km)

Latitude

-3.480278

Longitude

-80.231667

Managing Authority / Agency

Binational Border Assistance Center (CEBAF) Huaquillas

Contact Person

Director Manuel Defas Auhing 

Eje vial Nro. 1 Puente Internacional de la Paz, CEBAF cabecera Ecuador

(593-7) 2-609-002

Travel Times
Nearest International Airport

Guayaquil International Airport (240 km)

Truck Travel Time:5:30 hrs

Car Travel time: 4:20 hrs

Nearest Port

Port of Machala “Puerto Bolívar” (71 km)

Truck Travel Time: 1:20 hrs

Car Travel time: 55 minutes

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity

Machala (71 km)

Truck Travel Time: 1:20 hrs

Car Travel time: 55 minutes

Other information

The Machala port “Puerto Bolívar” with very good berthing facilities is strategically located where the most famous banana farms in the world are located, with an annual production of three million tons. Furthermore, the shrimp industry is also quite active in the region. In addition to refrigerated cargo, the terminal also handles dry cargo such as paper / paper clay and concentrated copper.

The route Huaquillas-Machala has mechanical and fuel services Other than trucks and semi trailers, multiple bus operators provide regular day and night service to this route and towns in between.

i.e.:

-Cooperativa de Transporte CIFA

-Transportes Occidentales

-BAÑOS Cooperativa De Transportes y Turismo

-Trans Esmeraldas S.A.

-Cooperativa de Transportes Patria

 

 

Hours of Operation

Mondays

24 hours

Tuesdays

24 hours

Wednesdays

24 hours

Thursdays

24 hours

Fridays

24 hours

Saturdays

24 hours

Sundays

24 hours

National Holidays

N/A

Seasonal Constraints

None

Daily Capacity

Through the Huaquillas border customs, in 2019 the cargo vehicles mobilized to Peru totaled an output of 87,358 tons or cargo * Aproximately. 7,300 tons per month, which makes, estimated 243 tons per day. These figures give a concrete idea of the volumes in transit through this border.

Note: The figures have as source of information the International Cargo Manifests (MCI) and the Freight manifest (CPIC). “Carta Porte Internacional por Carreteras”

(*)Source: National Customs Service of Ecuador.

 

Customs Clearance

Resolution No. SENAE-DGN-2013-0361-RE regulates customs activities that take place at the land borders of the Ecuadorian customs territory. Although the border customs control procedure is the same as in a port or airport, there is a longer time due to the dangers posed by smuggling and drug trafficking at the borders. If the merchandise does not require control documents for dispatch, the border importer may declare its taxable merchandise in chapter 98, in the specific subheading that corresponds to taxable goods of travelers. On the contrary, if the imported merchandise requires control documents, it will be declared in the specific subheading between chapters 1 to 97. *

(*)https://www.aduana.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/RCopci.pdf

If the taxable goods exceed $ 2,000, the cargo will be moved to a temporary warehouse while the Customs Import Declaration is being made. Travelers are recommended to declare their taxable assets honestly and avoid penalties for customs offenses or crimes derived from smuggling. It is recommended that the National Customs Service of Ecuador strengthen the presence of officials from the customs surveillance unit to deal with the inconvenience of smuggling.

The Organic Code of Production, Trade and Investments (COPCI) it is the established code with purpose of regulating the production process in the stages of production, distribution, exchange, trade, consumption, management of externalities and productive investments. RCOPCI is the regulation to the Title of the Customs Facilitation for Trade, of book V of the Organic Code of Production, Trade and Investments, has the objective of specifying the regulation of book V of COPCI.

Source: https://www.aduana.gob.ec/files/pro/leg/tra/2016/jun/k_MejoraPasosFronteraSENPLADES.pdf

https://www.aduana.gob.ec/files/pro/leg/res/2013/SENAE-DGN-2013-0361-RE.pdf

https://www.aduana.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/RCopci.pdf

For more information on customs in Ecuador, please see the following links:  //www.aduana.gob.ec/ and 1.3 Customs Information.

 

Other Relevant Information

Public entities that operate in the Centers of Attention at the border:

Agency Description
Ministry of Public Health Carry out the screening and control of all citizens of Ecuadorian nationality, foreigners residing in Ecuador and drivers of cargo vehicles.
National Police Provide support in border control of people and vehicles, additionally to control the access doors to the Centers direct to people.
National Customs Service Carry out the control of customs processes and redirection of people with symptoms to the MSP.
Agrocalidad Fumigation and exterior disinfection of all vehicles that they enter the centers; control and compliance with phytosanitary processes.
Armed Forces In coordination with the National Police, carry out the control of user entry to Border Service Centers.
Transit Commission of Ecuador Review of the qualifying titles for carry out international transport, additionally register incoming vehicles and leaving the country.
Ministry of Transport and Public Works Carry out the control of weights and dimensions to cargo vehicles. The MTOP is in charge of administration of the Border Service Center.
Migration Registration and migration control for users entering and leaving the country, additional users are registering to issue the Andean Card.

 

For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List.

 

Ecuador - 2.4 Railway Assessment

 

https://dlca.logcluster.org/sites/default/files/confluence/ECU_LCA_Railways_A4P_20210730.png%3Fversion%3D1%26modificationDate%3D1628228085000%26api%3Dv2

Railways are limited in scope and are mainly used for tourist purposes. There are 965 km (600 mi) long railways in the country (all of them narrow gauge). In 2020, the Ecuadorian government announced plans to liquidate Ferrocarriles del Ecuador. The decision is aimed at substantially reducing expenses at a time when government revenues, especially from oil, have been severely reduced. The assets of the company Ferrocarriles del Ecuador, which is in the process of liquidation, will be transferred to the Ministry of Transportation and Public Works (MTOP). The liquidation is due to the fact that the public company was not profitable, since between 2012 and September 2020 recorded losses of USD 144 million, especially in tourism promotion. The MTOP assumes the administration of the railways, trains, locomotives, wagons and intangibles such as brands, intellectual property rights, registrations, patents, rolling stock, equipment and machinery, tools, useful spare parts, stocks, appliances, among others, maintained. by the Ferrocarriles del Ecuador company.

According to records prior to the announcement of the definitive closure, the public company had 10 electrodiesel locomotives; 7 steam locomotives; 7 autoferros; 36 modern, air-conditioned and wooden carriages; 3 vans, 4 workshops and 459 kilometers of tracks.

 

Project Relaunch Efforts.

The State, through its ministry and competent agencies, continues to make efforts to relaunch the Ecuadorian Railway Network, observing current feasibility laws and the real opportunities of the project would be three services: Social Train, Tourism Train and Freight Train, each one with its challenges and opportunities.

The great challenge involved in estimating costs in the context of Ecuador is given by the strong geographical differences that the country presents, in particular, the fact that a large part of its territory is mountainous. The economic profitability of the railway is due to the abundant amount of cargo, non-perishable and long distance. The geographical characteristics in the mountains, mainly with so many inter-Andean curves, do not allow more wagons to be hooked up and the main objective of the project is distorted. In the mineral concentrate loading sector, there is also strong competition since the activity is already served by a fleet of specially dedicated trucks and interference of this type would create unemployment.

Long-distance passenger traffic discontinued 30 years ago is not feasible in the face of road competition.

 

Condition of the Ecuadorian Railway Network as of 2021

image-20231023135836-1

The total extension of the country's railway network currently reaches 956.50 kilometres. About the basis of the track inspection tours carried out by the company in liquidation, and separating the 459.40 kilometres “out of service or abandoned”, it is concluded that there are currently 118.92 operational kilometres (requiring primary maintenance), and 387.28 non-operational kilometres (requiring major intervention), totalling 506.2 km. Besides, 81 assets and 95 stations, of which only 35 are enabled.

The aforementioned 459.4 kilometres that are out of service are those that at the time were not taken into account within the so-called Project of Rehabilitation of the Railway System of the years 2010 and 2013 or that for a long time were abandoned: they are those affected by the winter season that has caused collapses and undermining of the platform mainly in areas where the road is developed

next to the river. These sectors are also affected by excess weeds and the theft of track elements.

railway such as rails and fastenings. Passing Bucay (before Sibambe), in Milagro asphalt has been placed over the intersections. Reactivation is expected but it is difficult to completely recover the railway.

 

Ref: Subsecretaría de Transporte y Ferroviario, 2021.

 

image-20231023135836-2

Source :  https://www.obraspublicas.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2023/01/Consultoriia-para-la-Vision-Estrateegica-del-Ferrocarril-en-Ecuador.pdf

 

 

 

Ecuador - 2.5 Waterways Assessment

Overview

In general, there are no waterways of consistent size or volume to allow for any noticeable inland waterway navigation. Nonetheless, there is a connection leading all the way to Brazil, that allows navigation with barges that transport mainly oil industry and mining equipment.

The Manta Manaus Multimodal Corridor Project

The Manta-Manaus route is a multimodal corridor that combines maritime, air, land and river transport and whose projection is to link the Pacific and Atlantic oceans through Ecuador and Brazil. It is part of the project portfolio of the Initiative for the Integration of Regional Infrastructure South American. This corridor is has become an emblematic project of the Ecuadorian State, mainly in charge of the Ministry Production, Employment and Competitiveness (MCPEC). The Manta-Manaus land route is approximately 578 km, while the waterway has been calculated at 861 km, from which 240 km cross the territory Ecuadorian along the Napo River.

In 2010, a funded study was conducted by the Inter-American Development Bank (BID) on the navigability of the Napo River in the Ecuadorian and Peruvian sections. The study part of which, to achieve the highest profitability of the logistics corridor, the river must be navigable at least 95% of the year, considering the four-feet draft barges fleet. In Ecuador a large number of baddies were identified steps and critical points since in this section the water level and the number of sand banks are often problematic for Brazilian vessels, with greater draft than the local ships.

To be able to navigate the Napo River in the Ecuadorian section, the consultants conclude that it would be necessary to dredge deeper than in the Peruvian section with dredging machinery operating for at least 6 months a year. It was verified that even considering the traffic of individual barges, if you wanted to respect the draft of 4 feet and with the margins or drafts of recommended safety, they should be dredged more of 60 km of river, that is practically 25 times more in length than in the Peruvian section and with much greater depths of cut given the low depths of the river in low water.

According to this consultancy, the dredging of the section Ecuadorian would be a very expensive operation and technically very complex. It would be necessary to interrupt the navigation in multiple points given the lack alternative channels, it would be environmentally very shocking (due to the enormous volumes that should be mobilized, surely greater than 15 million cubic meters per year) and therefore it would also be economically unsustainable, whatever the traffic of merchandise to be mobilized within the predictable margins.

Aerial view, section of the Napo River in the low Amazon Rain Forest basin

The Napo River begins at the foot of the volcano Cotopaxi, and the páramo of the National Park Llanganates, and is one of the tributaries of the Amazon river. With its length of 1,130 km, the first 463 km are within the Equator. The river has a high fluvial dynamics, it is very unpredictable and difficult to manage. The water level is not stable and would only be navigable from six to nine months per year.

 

Ecuador - 2.6 Storage Assessment

Overview

 

From the Government side, each institution has a warehouse for their supplies and they work independently from one another. The Agriculture Ministry has some warehouses in the country. The Agriculture Ministry has also distributed warehouses around the country to store grains, cereals (rice mainly), animal food and milk. The Secretary of Risk Management (SGR) has warehouses throughout Ecuador to store humanitarian assistance destined for emergencies. Among the products that the SGR stores are different types of emergency kits, such as: food, hygiene, shelter, and kitchen. The other ministries have a central warehouse and in each province, usually small stores for minimal stock of material. The Ministry of Health (MSP) has indicated that the medicine it acquires is distributed directly to health centres by providers according to requirements and planning. The Customs Authority (SENAE) has strategic warehouses in several places (detailed in the matrix) and rents several temporary deposits. SENAE works together with the SRI (Internal Revenue Service) in the administration of inputs (confiscated goods). All the buildings indicated in the list are easy to access and identify.

For more information on storage company contact details, please see the following link: 4.6 Storage and Milling Companies Contact List.

Commercial Storage

Location

Owner

Available for Rent

Type

Access

Condition

Pichincha Quito

Flex net

No

Concrete

Flat

Good

Guayas - Guayaquil

Flex net

No

Concrete

Flat

Good

Guayas - Guayaquil

Almesa

No

Concrete

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

Almesa

No

Concrete

Flat

Good

Manabí - Manta

Almesa

No

Concrete

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

VIR Operador logístico

No

Concrete

Flat

Good

Guayas - Guayaquil

VIR Operador logístico

No

Concrete

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

Inlog

No

Concrete

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

Inlog

No

Concrete

Flat

Good

Guayas - Guayaquil

Inlog

No

Concrete

Flat

Good

Storage Used by Humanitarian Organizations

The Ecuadorian Red Cross has six strategic warehouses, two operated together with the IFRC (PADRU). Other organizations maintain small storage spaces for their permanent activities, but very little stock for humanitarian response.

Location

Organisation

Sharing Possibility

Yes / No

Capacity

(MT / m² / m³)

Type

Access

Condition

Azuay Cuenca

CRE

No

200 m3

Open storage, plus a container of 40 ft

Flat

Good

Guayas Guayaquil

CRE

No

600 m3

Concrete

Flat

Good

Imbabura Ibarra

CRE

No

200 m3

Concrete

Flat

Good

Tungurahua Ambato

CRE

No

400 m3

Concrete

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

CRE

No

600 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

CRE

No

1200 m3

Concrete

Flat

Good

Public Sector Storage

Location

Ministry / Agency

Use Possibility

Capacity

(MT / m² / m³)

Type

Access

Condition

Los Rios Babahoyo

MAG

No

72,000 m2

Fixed Silos

Raised

Good

Guayas Daule

MAG

No

30,000 m2

Fixed Silos

Raised

Good

Los Rios  Quevedo

MAG

No

29,000 m2

Fixed Silos

Raised

Good

Manabí  Portoviejo

MAG

No

30,000 m2

Fixed Silos

Raised

Good

Los Rios Ventanas

MAG

No

33,700 m2

Fixed Silos

Raised

Good

Pichincha Quito

MAG

Yes

16,067 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

MAG

Yes

783 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

MAG

Yes

6,300 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Chimborazo Riobamba

MAG

Yes

432 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Chimborazo Riobamba

MAG

Yes

2,132 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Imbabura Ibarra

MAG

Yes

226 m2

Centre for quinoa (post-harvest)

Flat

Good

Carchi Bolívar

MAG

Yes

179 m2

Centre for quinoa (post-harvest)

Flat

Good

Cañar Biblian

MAG

Yes

500 mt

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Chimborazo Chambo

MAG

No

400 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Chimborazo Guano

MAG

No

28 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Chimborazo Riobamba

MAG

Yes

1,000 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

El Oro Machala

MAG

No

72 mt

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

El Oro Machala

MAG

No

2,151 mt

Cellar - garage

Flat

Good

Esmeraldas - Esmeraldas

MAG

Yes

625 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Esmeraldas - San Lorenzo

MAG

No

50 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Esmeraldas - Rioverde

MAG

No

18 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Esmeraldas - Esmeraldas

MAG

No

25 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Guayas - Yaguachi

MAG

Yes

1,200 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Guayas - Naranjito

MAG

Yes

1,200 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Guayas - El Empalme

MAG

Yes

1,200 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Guayas - Guayaquil

MAG

Yes

800 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Imbabura Ibarra

MAG

Yes

440 m2

Flat cellar

Flat

Good

Imbabura Ibarra

MAG

Yes

180 m2

Centre for quinoa (post-harvest)

Flat

Good

Los Ríos Ventanas

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Ríos Ventanas

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Ríos Ventanas

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Ríos Ventanas

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Ríos Ventanas

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Ríos Ventanas

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Ríos Ventanas

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Ríos Ventanas

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Ríos Ventanas

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Rios - Pueblo Viejo

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Rios - Pueblo Viejo

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Rios - Mocache

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Rios - Mocache

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Rios - Mocache

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Ríos Ventanas

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Los Ríos - Urdaneta

MAG

Yes

10,000 m2

Corn storage center

Flat

Good

Napo - Tena

MAG

Yes

1,800 m2

Cellar and shed

Flat

Good

Orellana - Aguarico

MAG

Yes

1,100 m2

Donation centre 

Flat

Good

Santa Elena

MAG

Yes

290,000 m2

Drying centre and storage

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

MIN EDUC

No

5,000 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Nivel Nacional
(72 storage cellars for school text books,
each of which is 50 m2)

MIN EDUC

No

3,750 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

SGR

Yes

1,300 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Imbabura Ibarra

SGR

Yes

1,000 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Orellana - Coca

SGR

Yes

800 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Chimborazo - Riobamba

SGR

Yes

1,400 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Manabí  - Portoviejo

SGR

Yes

1,050 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Guayas - Guayaquil

SGR

Yes

1,600 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Azuay - Cuenca

SGR

Yes

1,100 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Loja - Loja

SGR

Yes

800 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

El Oro Machala

SGR

Yes

900 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Guayas - Guayaquil

SGR

Yes

1,600 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

MIES

Yes

10,000 m2

Barn and patio

Flat

Good

Guayas - Guayaquil

MIES

No

1,200 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Pichincha Quito

SENAE

No

25,000 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Imbabura Ibarra

SENAE

No

25,000 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Pichincha Tabacundo

SENAE

No

15,000 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

Guayas - Guayaquil

SENAE

No

25,000 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

El Oro - Huaquillas

SENAE

No

24,000 m2

Concrete and patio

Flat

Good

Cotopaxi - Latacunga

SENAE

No

17,000 m2

Concrete

Flat

Good

SGR maintains nine strategic warehouses throughout the country: Pichincha - Quito, Imbabura - Ibarra, Orellana - Coca, Chimborazo - Riobamba, Manabí - Portoviejo, Guayas - Guayaquil, Azuay - Cuenca, Loja - Loja, El Oro Machala and in Guayas - Guayaquil. These are used to store humanitarian kits: food, hygiene, shelter, kitchen, and bedroom. These kits serve to support the various responses to emergencies. The Agriculture Ministry has a total of 47 warehouses to store rice, corn and grains. These warehouses are located mostly in the coastal region. The Ministry of Education has one central warehouse in Quito and 72 storage centres for school supplies. The Customs Authority (SENAE) has six warehouses, located in Pichincha - Quito, Imbabura - Ibarra, Pichincha - Tabacundo, Guayas - Guayaquil, El Oro - Huaquillas and in Cotopaxi - Latacunga. These facilities have greater capacity but access to storage is difficult due to control and restriction processes.

Cold Chain

Large companies (food providers, hygiene supplies, cleaning, etc) usually have their own fleet of vehicles with cold chain capacity. Vaccines and medicines that require cold chain are acquired by the MSP and delivered by the selected provider directly to each health centre to ensure the integrity of the cargo. 

Location

Organisation / Owner

Type

Cooling /  Power

Quantity

Total Capacity

Condition

Pichincha Quito

Cora refrigeration

Refrigerator

Compression

N/A

N/A

Good

Source: https://cdn.logcluster.org/public/ecuador_gaps_and_needs_analysis_report_2006.pdf

Ecuador - 2.7 Milling Assessment

Overview, Wheat in Ecuador

In 2022, the food sector imported about 650,000 tons, and as of September 2023, about 394,000 metric tons of food wheat were imported. The main countries from which wheat is imported are: 88% from Canada, 5% from the United States, 6% from Argentina. However, due to quality issues, the largest quantity comes from Canada.

Wheat is a cereal that is scarcely produced here in the country, and it is not enough. National production amounts to a maximum of 1% of what is demanded here in Ecuador regarding wheat. The milling industry must import 99% of wheat to supply consumer demand. On the scale, the industry absorbs an average of 4,000 tons of domestic wheat and imports an average of 1.2 million tons of wheat.[1]

The two strongest markets for which wheat is destined in Ecuador are milling for human consumption and balanced for animal nutrition. The milling sector is concerned with the production of flour, by-products and main derivatives such as bread and pasta, which are part of the basic family basket. Cookies, pastries in general, snacks, sausages, and multipurpose flour are also produced for the HO.RE.CA segment.

The bread, cookies, pasta, pizza, artisanal bakery, and empanada industries depend on imported materials, which are also part of a global trend. There are few countries that are self-sufficient in wheat: China is the largest producer of wheat in the world, but it is also the largest world importer.

In Ecuador, 78% of imported wheat is used for grinding into flour, and of that segment, 55% is used to produce bread and 24% for pasta, according to the Ecuadorian Association of Millers Asemol, which presents the main millers in Ecuador: Molinos Superior, La Moderna, Molino San Luis, Molinos Miraflores, Industrias Catedral, Industrial Molinera, Falimensa, Buenaño and Caicedo Business Company, Molinos e Industrias Quito, Successors of Jacobo Paredes and Molinos Poultier.

 

Wheat is the most demanded cereal in Ecuadorian homes, because it is a component of basic necessities. The largest production is located in the following provinces: Bolívar, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Imbabura and Carchi. For the year 2021, the harvested wheat area in Ecuador was 6,038 hectares, covering a production of 10,898 Thousand MT. In 2021, there was a 26% drop in production compared to 2020.

image-20240513095421-1

Source: National Institute of Statistics and Censuses – ESPAC 2021 Prepared by: Products and Services Analysis Sub-Management

 

Ecuador is a minor producer of wheat[2]. Only 1.13% of national demand comes from the Ecuadorian countryside. The rest is imported, mainly, from Canada, the United States and Argentina.

National wheat production in 2021 decreased by 26%. Likewise, it was observed that the province of Carchi leads 55% as a producing species and 39% in harvested area nationwide.

 

 

 

There are 694,000 tons that are demanded per year in Ecuador for various uses in milling, according to data from the Ministry of Agriculture. In Ecuador, 78% of imported wheat is used for milling to make flour, and of that segment, 55% is used to produce bread and 24% for pasta.

 

In 2021, Ecuador imported $589M in Wheat, becoming the 27th largest importer of Wheat in the world. In the same year, Wheat was the number 6 most imported product in Ecuador, mainly from: Canada ($406M), United States ($113M), and Argentina ($69.9M).

Ref: https://oec.world/es/profile/bilateral-product/wheat/reporter/ecu

 

image-20240513095421-2

 

 

image-20240513095421-3

The import of wheat into Ecuador during 2021 was $444.22 MM FOB, 52% higher than in 2020.

According to the Ecuadorian temporary law, the importation of wheat is not subject to customs taxes. This tax exemption has been extended until December 31, 2024.

 

image-20240513095421-4

image-20240513095421-5

Source: National Institute of Statistics and Censuses – EPAC 2021 Prepared by: Products and Services Analysis Sub-Management

 

In 2021, the wheat sector exported $271 Thousand FOB, showing a drop of 34% compared to 2020. As of July 2022, exports were recorded for the value of $181.21 Thousand FOB, equivalent to 67% of what was reported in all year 2021.

 

Ecuadorian Association of Millers ASEMOL

The Ecuadorian Association of Millers “ASEMOL” brings together the main key companies in the sector.

 

President of ASEMOL: Álvaro Fernando Sánchez, (Successors of J. Paredes M.S.A.)

Av. De La Prensa N56-87 and Pasaje Manuel Herrera. Quito, Ecuador

Telephones: (593-2) 2442519 (593-2) 2469369

 

The main companies dedicated to the industrialization of wheat are Molinera Miraflores de Ambato, Molinos San Luis de Carchi, Molinos E. Industrias de Quito, Industrial Molinera C.A. of Guayaquil, Industria Harinera S.A. de Santa Lucía (Industria Harinera S.A.), Wheat flour mill in Riobamba, Molinera Manta, Industria Catedral S.A., Impor-Export Castro, Agroange and Disprac: Distributor of wheat products.

 

For more information on milling company contact details, please see the following link: 4.6 Storage and Milling Companies Contact List.

 

[2] Few countries are self-sufficient in wheat: China is the world's largest producer of wheat, but it is also the world's largest importer.

 

Ecuador - 3 Services and Supply

Ecuador has a variety of supply service industries for different sectors, such as:  transportation services, handling companies, warehousing (private and government), oil and gas industry, telecommunications with a large national industries (food), agricultural suppliers and qualified manual labors. Some areas are supported and/or regulated by the government. There is existing commercial capacity for renting warehouse space. In case of emergencies, warehouse space could be arranged with support of local authorities or provinces. There is limited availability for the purchase of equipment such as tents, water pumps, pipes, and water tanks. Regarding items such as IT equipment and office furniture, there are plenty of suppliers with a broad variety of goods and quality service support. 

The country has significant private transport capacities. Transport providers supply through daily rental or per MT rates 40’, 10-20’ trucks (containers and or flatbeds) and package delivery companies which distribute items throughout the territory. The country can be travelled through main roads that are well developed. 

 

Consumer Price Index CPI

 The annual variation rate of the CPI in Ecuador in May of 2021 was -1.1%, The monthly variation rate of the CPI (Consumer Price Index) has been 0.1%, and thus the accumulated inflation in 2021 is 0.8%.

Source: https://countryeconomy.com/countries-cpi/ecuador

 

The macro plan view

The 2018-2021 country strategy prioritizes accelerating the growth of the economy in order to consolidate and deepen the social progress achieved since the turn of the century. To this end, the Bank supports the government in its effort to overcome the macroeconomic imbalances that currently affect the country, move towards a growth model in which the private initiative acquires a greater role, and mitigate the adverse impacts that this process could have on the most vulnerable groups. This strategic approach was supported by three pillars: the strengthening of public finances; the promotion of productivity and the development of the private sector as engines of growth; the deepening of the social advances of the last decade.

Areas of investment as per listed in importance:  

  1. Energy

  2. Social investments

  3. State reform and government renewal

  4. Water and sanitation

  5. Financial markets

  6. Transport

  7. Urban housing development

  8. Health

  9. Trading and commerce

  10. Environment and natural disasters

Electricity

In 2020, hydroelectricity accounted for 58% of the country's electricity generation. The other primary source of electricity supply is oil-powered conventional thermal power plants. However, Ecuador is also undergoing significant change in the energy sector. The country is moving from a heavy reliance on fossil fuels to nearly complete self-sufficiency through renewable energies – particularly hydroelectric power. The country is also improving its energy transference infrastructure to allow massive loads to be arrived more efficiently at high-voltage.

 

Oil Gas and Energy

Ecuador has the third-largest oil reserves in South America. Its hydrocarbon resources are exclusively owned by the state, and state-owned oil companies account for most of the production. Ecuador's energy mix is dominated by oil, although its challenging investment environment and lack of domestic refining capacity limit oil revenues. Ecuador has relatively small proved natural gas reserves and a limited natural gas market. Ecuador limits foreign investment in the oil sector. Foreign oil and natural gas companies are allowed to enter into service contracts that offer a fixed per-barrel fee for their exploration and production activities. The move away from production-sharing agreements to service contracts has increased the government's share of revenue and state oil production.

 

Water and Sanitation

In general, water service quality is low in Ecuador. Water supply services are interrupted in 50% of the urban areas. Water pressure is well below standard, particularly in poor outlying areas. In 30% of the urban areas, there is no treatment of drinking water. 92% of wastewater is discharged without any kind of treatment. Potable water supply efficiency is usually measured through labour productivity and the level of unaccounted-for water (water that has been produced and is "lost" before it reaches the customer). Drinking water supply and sanitation in Ecuador is characterized by a number of achievements and challenges.

 

 

Ecuador - 3.1 Fuel

Fuel Overview

Ecuador exports heavy refined products, such as fuel oil, and imports lighter products, such as gasoline, diesel, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). It has the third-largest oil reserves in South America. Its hydrocarbon resources are exclusively owned by the state, and state-owned oil companies account for most of the production. Ecuador's energy mix is dominated by oil, although its challenging investment environment and lack of domestic refining capacity limit oil revenues. Ecuador has relatively small proved natural gas reserves and a limited natural gas market. Ecuador limits foreign investment in the oil sector. Foreign oil and natural gas companies are allowed to enter into service contracts that offer a fixed per-barrel fee for their exploration and production activities. The move away from production-sharing agreements to service contracts has increased the government's share of revenue and state oil production.

There are three operative refineries: Esmeraldas, with the capacity to refine 110,000 barrels of oil per day, La Libertad, with a capacity of 45,000 and Amazonas (Shushufindi) with 20,000 barrels per day. The GoE decided to concession* the operation and administration of its three refineries, and the merger between state oil companies Petroecuador and Petroamazonas in year 2020. The decision is mainly due to the relatively high costs of refining crude oil, which is considered heavy, financial circumstances by the state and the expectation of producing gasoline at the Euro 4 standard.

So far the demand for natural gas in relation to the total energy demand in Ecuador is very low, which is why there are opportunities for the country to increase the use of this energy, taking advantage of its versatility, relative low pollution and favorable world production situation that has reduced prices internationally. Natural gas prices in the world market have been falling consistently in recent years, from $ 5.24 in 2009 to $ 1.63 in 2019, a drop of 69%, mainly caused by the growth in supply thanks to the development of projects in the shale fields and the availability and variation of prices in the main petroleum derivatives. At this juncture, the country could take advantage of these conditions to evaluate the relevance of replacing processes that use fossil fuels such as diesel, gasoline or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), for a more abundant, cleaner and cheaper fuel. Among the main fields of opportunity for the use of natural gas are electricity generation, residential cooking and industrial heating processes, which could be scaled up through investment in transportation infrastructure and natural gas storage.

Source: https://www.petroenergia.info/ Fuel consumption in Ecuador in 2019

A case study in the application of natural gas is that of the transportation sector. In Ecuador, transportation is the sector that consumes the most energy (49.2% of the total), as well as the one that generates the most greenhouse gas emissions, with 50% of total emissions. Multiple projects seek to increase the efficiency of this sector, with measures that range from the implementation of new technologies to the generation of driving habits and generation of efficient routes. The implementation of natural gas in transportation, mainly heavy, has advantages such as the reduction in environmental pollution, particularly sensitive in large cities, lower cost and the generation of business opportunities for the participants of a technology in the mass adoption stage.

(*) Termogas Machala, natural gas LNG . Likewise, The Termogas Machala Thermoelectric Plant with its 252 MW installed power capacity is in the process of being concessioned to foreign consortia. The awarded concessionaire is expected to be able to produce from US$ 0.112 per kilowatt hour to US$ 0.116 per kilowatt hour.

For more information on government and fuel provider contact details, please see the following links: 4.1 Government Contact List and 4.7 Fuel Providers Contact List.

Fuel Pricing

Official pricing apply in determined period of time, it may vary without notice. Please refer to https://www.eppetroecuador.ec/ chart below.

Prices expressed in US dollars, per US Gallons.   

Conversion:  One (01) US gallon = 3.78541litres

 

LPG, Diesel, Gasoline

The terminal sale price for LPG products for commercial and industrial use, Diesel 2, Premium Diesel, Gasolines, Industrial Solvents, Reduced Crude Oil (Waste), Fuel Oil No. 4 and Fuel Oil No. 6, for the industrial sector, will be determined on a monthly basis by EP Petroecuador, based on the weighted average cost plus the costs of transportation, storage, marketing, a margin that may be defined by the indicated public company and the taxes that may be applicable.

 

Jet A1,  AvGas

The sale price of the Jet Fuel at the terminal will be calculated monthly by the EP PETROECUADOR, based on the weighted average cost plus transportation costs, storage, commercialization, a margin that may be defined by the indicated public company and applicable taxes. In case of not having the import price of the Jet Fuel, it will be calculated based on the score international used for this product, plus freight, insurance and other costs that may have caused the import. The sale price indicated on the paragraph will be compared with the prices of sale to the final consumer at international airports in border countries, defined by EP PETROECUADOR, and the highest price will be set. The natural or legal persons that operate inside and outside the Ecuadorian territory, who have aircraft built since 1990, that have their Air Operator Certificate current and provide air transport service for national and international passengers and / or cargo from Ecuador, will pay the sale price at the terminal minus 40%, provided that when operating on routes that include airports that are under the administration of the General Directorate of Civil Aviation and the airports delegated to the Authority Municipal, which have not been concessioned, except for the route to the Galapagos Islands and the supply by technical shutdowns. Similarly, national natural or legal persons and foreign companies that provide the international air transport service of passengers, mail and cargo in a combined form, which start operations to or from Ecuadorian territory on international routes that include any of the country's airports, will pay the terminal sale price minus 40%, for a term of three (3) years, counted from the beginning of their operations, as long as they meet with each of the following conditions:

 

  • They operate an aircraft built after year 1990;
  • Satisfy the established technical requirements
  • Be the first to provide the international air transport service for passengers, mail or combined cargo on one or more international routes, prioritized by the Sector Council of the production,
  • They must operate on the authorized international route (direct without stops) at least three (3) flights per week (round trip).

In no case will the Jet A1 Fuel terminal price be less than US $ 1.25 per gallon.

 

The sale price at the Avgas terminal for aircraft with international registration or registration national for private use, will be calculated monthly by EP Petroecuador, based on the cost weighted average plus transportation, storage, marketing costs, a margin which may define the indicated public company and the applicable taxes.

 

Seasonal Variations 

There are no significant seasonal variations that impact fuel refining capacity.

Government Pricing Variations

Until the 10th of each month, EP Petroecuador carries out the calculations based on the fuel supplier's costs and the sales prices of the previous month, so that, from 00:00 on the 11th, the new prices are reflected of fuels in each of the public and private service stations nationwide.

These government regulations allow controlling the price of oil derivatives so that the rise or fall in prices is neither greater nor less than 5% compared to the price of the previous month. This system protects consumers in relation to drastic increases in the price of a barrel of benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude. Furthermore notice that fuel prices at the terminal and / or deposits at the supplier level and the sale prices to level of Marketer and Distributors, is calculated monthly by each actor of the fuel trade chain considering the East crude markers and WTI, according to appropriate, and applicable taxes.

Therefor the terminal sale price for LPG products for commercial and industrial use, Diesel 2, Premium Diesel, Gasolines, Industrial Solvents, Reduced Crude Oil (Waste), Fuel Oil No. 4 and Fuel Oil No. 6, for the industrial sector, will be determined on a monthly basis by EP Petroecuador, based on the weighted average cost plus the costs of transportation, storage, marketing, a margin that may be defined by the indicated public company and the taxes that may be applicable.

 

Seasonal Variations
Are there national priorities in the availability of fuel? (i.e. are there restrictions or priorities for the provision of fuel such as to the military?) No
Is there a rationing system? No
Is fuel to lower income / vulnerable groups subsidized? No
Can the local industry expand fuel supply to meet humanitarian needs? Yes
Is it possible for a humanitarian organization to directly contract a reputable supplier / distributor to provide its fuel needs? Yes

 

Fuel Transportation

Oleducto de Crudos Pesados (OCP) is 485 km in length and runs from Sucumbíos Province to the Maritime Terminal at Esmeraldas Pronvince with a capacity of 450,000-bbl/d OCP OF which 95% runs underground. The OCP is a private initiative.

Sistema Oleducto Trans-Ecuatoriano (SOTE), is 503 km in length. It has a capacity of 400,000-bbl/d and runs from Lago Agrio to the Balao oil export terminal on the Pacific coast.

Standards, Quality and Testing 

The Agency for the Regulation and Control of Energy and Non-Renewable Natural Resources (ARC) regulates, controls, audits and audits the activities of non-renewable energy and natural resources of Ecuador

In Ecuador, the extra gasoline has 87 octanes and the super has 92. A government program is being developed in order to increase the quality of fuels in the country's refineries to allow compliance with European standards.

 

Industry Control Measures

Do tanks have adequate protection against water mixing with the fuel?

Yes

Are there filters in the system which monitor where fuel is loaded into aircraft?

Yes

Is there adequate epoxy coating of tanks on trucks?

Yes

Is there a presence of suitable firefighting equipment?

Yes

 

The Agency for the Regulation and Control of Energy and Non-Renewable Natural Resources (ARC) completed on July 1, 2021, one year of institutional life. During this period, with the work of 787 technicians and officials throughout the country, he met important milestones in his management in the strategic sectors: electricity, mining and hydrocarbon. It is important to mention the relevant activities performed in this first year. The ARC made revisions to the regulations, in coordination with the Ecuadorian Standardization Institute (INEN), for petroleum products: gasoline, diesel; Regulations for the commercialization of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and liquid hydrocarbon fuels were reformed; of feasibility for distribution centers; commercialization of natural gas; storage in tanks; and, instructions for domestic amounts, industrial cadaster, etc. The attributions granted to the Agency regarding the monthly setting of fuel prices, and their consequent control throughout the national territory, were assumed in a technical way.

Despite the pandemic, the ARC worked in a coordinated and continuous manner in the issuance of authorizations for the use of fuels in domestic amounts and in the industrial registry. More than 2,000 annual controls and more than 10,000 regular inspections of LPG warehouses and collection centers were carried out. Quality control of hydrocarbon derivatives was continuously maintained through the analysis of 19,345 fuel samples in the Hydrocarbon Quality Control Unit.

Note: The ARC has been created on July 1, 2020 and arose from the merger of the Hydrocarbon, Mining and Electricity Regulation and Control Agencies, this entity regulates, controls, audits and audits the activities of non-renewable energy and natural resources of Ecuador

 

Standards Authority

Is there a national or regional standards authority?

Yes

If yes, please identify the appropriate national and/or regional authority.

National: Instituto Ecuatoriano de Normalización

https://www.normalizacion.gob.ec/

National: The Agency for the Regulation and Control of Energy and Non-Renewable Natural Resources (ARC)  https://www.controlrecursosyenergia.gob.ec/

If yes, are the standards adequate/properly enforced?

Yes

Testing Laboratories

Are there national testing laboratories?

Yes

 

Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory

Company

Government: The Agency for the Regulation and Control of Energy and Non-Renewable Natural Resources (ARC)   Agencia de Regulación y Control de Energía y Recursos Naturales no Renovables

Name 

Tests and authorized personnel from test laboratories qualified by the technical coordination of hydrocarbon regulation and control are selected and appointed by the ARC  

Adjunto-2-Ensayos-y-personal-autorizado-de-Laboratorios-de-ensayos-ARC (5)

Address

Vía a Quito Km 2.5, Lago Agrio - Sucumbios

Telephone and Fax

N/A

Contact

For Inspection Bodies-Qualified Mining and Hydrocarbon Laboratories Please refer to government authorized testing companies

Adjunto-2-Ensayos-y-personal-autorizado-de-Laboratorios-de-ensayos-ARC (5)

Standards Used

  • ASTM Aviation Fuel Methods
  • IP Aviation Fuel Methods
  • Jointly Operated Systems (AFQRJOS),MIL, MOD, GOST and other protocols, standards and methods

 

Disclaimer: Inclusion of company information in the LCA does not imply any business relationship between the supplier and WFP / Logistics Cluster, and is used solely as a determinant of services, and capacities.

Please note: WFP / Logistics Cluster maintain complete impartiality and are not in a position to endorse, comment on any company's suitability as a reputable service provider.

 

 

Ecuador - 3.2 Transporters

In Ecuador 85% of the total cargo is mobilized by road, and to deliver this service, according to the statistics of the information system in 2020, the existence of active commercial vehicles: trucks, tractors truck and dump truck was 250,000 units concentrated in 5,000 transport companies approximately*, being the truck 2-axis and 3-axle truck tract the most used. From the total of these vehicles, about 70%, provides contractor service, 26% particular dedicated, 2% official and “other” percentages.

1,500 of these companies are allegedly fictitious or ‘paper companies’ which interact and may distort the country freight pricing market **.

There are two key transporters federations: the National Federation of Heavy Transport of Ecuador, FENATRAPE, a union institution, and the National Federation of Mixed and Medium Light Transportation of Ecuador (FENACOTRALI).

The business model of transport companies in Ecuador is mostly based on smallholders vehicles, means not having own fleet. This is a poor model that generates economies of scale and the level of service is affected because there is no direct reporting relationship between the carrier and driver.  This model basically involves three actors; customer (shipper), the transport company and the vehicle owner. In this business, the customer hires the transport company, which, in turns, subcontracts the service to a vehicle owner. There are also some large companies which have their own fleet and have a direct reporting relationship with drivers.

The transports sector faces several problems such as:  Infrastructure; limited and poor road network with low capacity, this deficiency generates high logistics costs. Modernization: old vehicles, the lack of clear policies by the national government in terms of renewal and scrapping the oldest fleet; The average age of vehicles on Ecuadorian roads is 23 years and 43% have more than twenty years.

In fact, FENATRAPE is focused among its major challenges in theirs Scrap Renewal Plan; modernization and digitization, simplification of administrative procedures for qualifying titles in government traffic entities such as the Ministerio de Transportes y Obras Públicas (MTOP), among others. Likewise the union expects that, with the reduction of tariffs, taxes and fees, as well as with strategic alliances, massive purchases of products and supplies will be generated to achieve more competitive costs. It is also waiting for the Government to modify some issues in public procurement to support heavy transport, but innovation and digital transformation will continue being the top aim of the sector. This year 2021 the companies have the great mission of modernizing their processes, training and strengthening strategic alliances with the industrial and commercial sector focused on efficiency improving.

 

Fleet age and Insurance

In the country there are 705, 963 vehicles (total automotive fleet) of more than 12 years, according to data from the recent Transport Statistics of 2017 of the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INEC). Insurance companies consider a car older than 12 years old to be old and therefore don't insure it or charge higher premiums.

Source:  INEC – El Comercio / Vehicles with more than 12 years registration during 2017.

 

Also the heavy transport sector aspires to reach the levels of productivity and operations registered before the pandemic, so one of its main objectives in 2021 is to achieve greater efficiency in cost management. FENATRAPE considers that out of 250,000 vehicles of its fleet, today 2021, approximately 40,000 do not have a properly productive job.

For more information on transport company ranking list, please see the following link: https://ctpp.org.ec/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/Transporte-en-Cifras-1.pdf

Source: Extract of The Ranking 100 Companies Land Freight Transportation Of The Heavy Cargo Transportation Sector Of Ecuador, Pichincha Chamber of Heavy Transportation.

The Ranking is made with information from the Superintendency of Companies and considers the 5,193 active heavy cargo transport companies. The position has been defined based on the sales revenue reported in the fiscal year 2017.

https://ctpp.org.ec/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/Transporte-en-Cifras-1.pdf

 

(*) Felipe Vizcaíno, President of FENATRAPE

(**) Idem

 

Disclaimer: Inclusion of company information in the LCA does not imply any business relationship between the supplier and WFP / Logistics Cluster, and is used solely as a determinant of services, and capacities.

Please note: WFP / Logistics Cluster maintain complete impartiality and are not in a position to endorse, comment on any company's suitability as a reputable service provider.

 

 

Ecuador - 3.3 Manual Labor Costs

The Ministry of Labor is the governing body of Ecuador's labor policies. The manual of labor in the country regulates the ordinary workday as eight hours per day or forty per week. According to a decision by the Ministry of Labor, the unified basic salary for 2021 was USD $ 400, maintaining the figure generated for last year and this being the first time that the basic salary did not reflect any change. However, the government decreed some extra bonuses which are: USD $ 60 for all those workers who receive a unified basic salary and USD $ 100 for people who, due to the economic situation caused by COVID-19, have lost their jobs and not have been able to recover it. When setting the minimum wage, the aim is to protect employees against the payment of salaries that are sometimes very low. According to the International Labor Organization, it is a strategy that seeks to integrate with policies aimed at overcoming poverty and inequality in each country.

Daily minimum wage

As well as the monthly minimum wage, there is a stipulated ceiling to pay the employee for one day of work. For the year 2021 the daily salary corresponds to: US$ 13.33

Minimum hourly wage

For those workers who work only by the hour, the minimum hourly wage for 2020 corresponds to: US$ 1.66

Minimum night hour wage

The working hours for night shift runs from 7:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. and is remunerated with a 25% surcharge and corresponds to: US$ 2.075


 

Labour Rates Overview as of 30 November 2020

 

Cost
 

Daily General Worker (Unskilled casual labour)

Daily wage: USD 13.33

Hourly wage: USD 1.66

Night hour wage: USD 2.075

Daily General Worker (Semi-skilled labour)

Please see below link: Sectoral minimum wages and rates


 

Skilled Worker

Please see below link: Sectoral minimum wages and rates


 

To determine and apply the sectoral official wage please visit following site:

https://www.trabajo.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/ANEXO-1%E2%80%9CEstructuras-ocupacionales-%E2%80%93-salarios-m%C3%ADnimos-sectoriales-y-tarifas-sa.pdf?x42051

e.g.:

Page 92 “Branch Of Economic Activity: 2.- Activities In The Field Of Administrative Management”

Page 78 “Branches of Economic Activity: 4.- Other Activities Related to Transportation, Logistics and Storage”

Page 76 “Branches Of Economic Activity: 1.- Drivers / Drivers”

Page 50 “Branches Of Economic Activity: 1.- Computer And Related Activities 2.- Telecommunications And Computer Technicians (Technicians  In Programming And Software-Technicians In Hardware) 3.- Other Services Related To Technology: Hardware And Software (Includes Tic's)”


 

According to Article 82 of Ministry of Labor: Compensation per hour: daily, weekly and monthly. - In any work contract the payment of remuneration will be stipulated for hours or days, if the worker's work is not permanent or if it is about periodic or seasonal tasks; and, for weeks or monthly payments, in the case of stable and continuous work. If the work contract has stipulated the provision of personal services by permanent partial days, the remuneration shall be paid taking into account proportionality in relation to the remuneration corresponding to the full day, which may not be less than the general minimum or sectoral. Likewise, the remaining benefits of the law will be paid, except for those that by their nature cannot be divided, which will be paid in full. The rate quoted above has been set by the Government of Ecuador and is the minimum legal pay rate for casual workers and the service contract salaries. While the Government of Ecuador is a signatory to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) Convention protecting worker rights, mechanisms for enforcing the provisions of the convention are weak.


 

Basic Salary Year Variation Chart for the Decade 2010

With Ministerial Agreement. No. MDT-2020-249 of Monday, November 30, 2020, the value of the Unified Basic Salary (SBU) for 2021 was made official.

https://www.trabajo.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/ACUERDO-MDT-2020-249-SBU-2021-SFGG.pdf?x42051


 

Ecuador - 3.4 Telecommunications

Ecuador has the first digital transformation agenda in Latin America. The Digital Transformation Law is a true transformation of the country.

Ecuador Digital Project

In the country, the Digital and Audiovisual Transformation Law was unanimously approved, as well as the Fintech Law[1]. Both propose the creation of regulatory sandboxes to digitally promote banking, financial, insurance, and personal finance processes and services, such as wallets, metered transfers, credit cards, all to promote the digital economy.

Also the use of telematic means for notarial procedures, similar for registrations with real estate brokers, everything related to stock market intermediation. In connectivity, community networks are also promoted in rural areas so that they can use their own networks as non-governmental organizations or community media, all with very high cybersecurity components.

Although Ecuador has several fixed line operators and a large number of ISPs, the predominant state-owned CNT leads the fixed line market and, therefore, also the fixed broadband market. However, CNT's share of the fixed line market is declining year on year, while its share of fixed Internet connections has fallen below 24%.

Telephone system

General evaluation of the fixed line service and sophisticated 4G LTE ultra-broadband network;  Much of the country's landline structure is influenced by the topographical challenges associated with the Andes Mountains; Ecuador has a telecommunications market with a dominant mobile sector; The state company CNT dominates the fixed line market and, therefore, also the DSL broadband market.

 

5G technology in Ecuador

According to information from the Global System Mobile Association (GSMA), it is expected that the new technology will begin to be commercialized in Ecuador in 2025.

Currently there are three experimental areas of this technology in the country: two in Guayaquil and one in Manta, as a prior step to the massive arrival of this disruptive technology that will become a key ally of the country's development. The fifth generation of mobile telephony is 10 times faster than the 4G network or even fiber optic connections (under optimal measurement conditions). That is, it will allow browsing at 10 gigabytes per second. For the implementation of the 5G network in its full capacity, the new spectrum bands are required to be tendered by the State, in addition, the preparation of 5G requires large investments in fiber optics, replacement of platforms, and acquisition of new networks and virtualization of components.

 

For more information on telecoms contacts, please see the following link: 4.11 Additional Services Contact List.

Domestic

Fixed line services with digital networks provided by multiple telecommunications operators; fixed line teledensity is approximately 15 per 100 people; Mobile phone use has increased and the number of subscribers has reached 95 per 100 people.

International

Country code - 593; landing points for the PAN-AM and South America-1 submarine cables providing links to the west coast of South America, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela and extending to Aruba and the US Virgin Islands in the Caribbean; In 2017, Alcatel completed a 6,000 km submarine cable system from Sarasota, Florida, to Manta, Ecuador; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

International links

There are two fiber optic cables that connect Ecuador with some other countries in America: The Pan American cable (PAN-AM) is a submarine telecommunications cable system that connects the west coast of South America and the Caribbean, crossing the continent through Panama. It has landing points in: Arica, Province of Arica, Region of Arica and Parinacota, Chile; Lurín, Lima Region, Peru; Punta Carnero, Guayas Province, Ecuador; Pratt Battery, Colón Province, Panama; Barranquilla, Department of Atlántico, Colombia; Punto Fijo, Falcón State, Venezuela; Baby Beach, Aruba; St. Croix, US Virgin Islands

SAM-1

It is an optical submarine communications cable. It began operations in 2000, connecting the United States, Puerto Rico, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru and Guatemala. In 2007, SAm-1 was expanded to reach Ecuador and Colombia.

 

Telephone Services

Is there an existing landline telephone network?

Yes

Does it allow international calls?

Yes

Number and Length of Downtime Periods (on average)

 N/A

Mobile Phone Providers

Conecel S.A (Claro), 

Otecel (Movistar)

CNT  

Approximate Percentage of National Coverage

 

 

https://observatorioecuadordigital.mintel.gob.ec/wp-content/uploads/2023/02/RESULTADOS_MINTEL_ENERO-2023.pdf

Ecuador ended November 2022 with 1.8 million fixed telephone lines. CNT leads the market with an 83% share, followed by Etapa (6.59%), Claro (5.15%), Setel (3.70%), CenturyLink (0.94%) and Linkotel (0.64). %).

Telecommunications Regulations

The ARCOTEL Telecommunications Regulation and Control Agency is the entity in charge of the administration, regulation and control of telecommunications and the radio spectrum and its management, as well as the technical aspects of the management of social media that use frequencies. of the radio spectrum or that install and operate networks.

Thuraya, Began equipment, satellite phones and satellite modems, and VHF, UHF and HF two-way radios, wireless phones for fixed service. For example, CDMA 450 or Wimax require approval. Likewise, those devices that allow direct access to the Internet wirelessly. e.g. Access Point.

Exceptions are computers, laptops, printers, audio and video consoles or other foreign equipment that connects indirectly and wirelessly to the Internet.

 

 

Regulations on Usage and Import

 

Regulations in Place?

Regulating Authority

Satellite

Yes

 ARCOTEL

HF Radio

Yes

 ARCOTEL

UHF/VHF/HF Radio: Handheld, Base and Mobile

Yes

 ARCOTEL

UHF/VHF Repeaters

Yes

 ARCOTEL

GPS

n/a

 

VSAT

Yes

 ARCOTEL

Individual Network Operator Licenses Required

Yes

Frequency Licenses Required

Yes

Existing Humanitarian Telecoms Systems

In Ecuador the United Nations system has some shared telecommunications infrastructure. This equipment is located throughout Ecuadorian territory. This equipment includes VHF repeaters, VSAT stations and other telecommunications devices. A summary of this equipment is detailed in the following chart:

Existing UN Telecommunication Systems

 

UNDP

WFP

UNHCR

VHF Frequencies

X

X

X

HF Frequencies

X

X

X

Locations of Repeaters

 Quito (2)

 ESMERALDAS, TULCAN, SAN LORENZO, LAGO AGRIO

 

VSAT

 

X

 

Internet Service Providers (ISPs)

WiFi

Quito and Guayaquil offer the widest range of options to connect away from home. In addition to the hundreds of Internet cafes, WiFi is available in large shopping centers and airports, as well as in some restaurant chains and large hotels.

 

Mobile Internet in Ecuador

When choosing a monthly mobile package from any of the major providers, you'll probably get a certain amount of mobile data included. A pay-as-you-go SIM from any of the major networks should also get you online, as long as the phone has internet capability.

 

Internet speed test in Ecuador

https://www.speedtest.net/global-index/ecuador

https://www.speedtest.net/global-index/ecuador?city=Quito

 

Internet Penetration in Ecuador

According to Internet World Stats, Ecuador has one of the highest levels of Internet penetration in Latin America.

image-20240513094545-1

According to the Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INEC), only 16.6% of the country's rural population has access to fixed internet. According to INEC data, there is a gap of 20.6% between the urban area and the rural area of ​​Ecuador.

 

image-20240513094545-2

The internet services market is led by:

• CNT with 31.3% of the market

• Megadata (22.5%)

• Conecel (12.1%)

• Setel (11.3%)

• Puntonet (4.61%)

• Stage (3.09%)

• Telconet (1.14%).

 

CNT (National Telecommunications Corporation) is the public telecommunications company of Ecuador that offers local, regional and international fixed telephony services, Internet Access (Dial-Up, DSL, mobile Internet), satellite television and mobile telephony in Ecuadorian territory.

 

Ref. https://www.bnamericas.com/es/noticias/radiografia-al-mercado-de-telecomunicaciones-de-ecuador

The fixed broadband speeds in the country are 24.54 Mbps (download) and 21.11 Mbps (upload) and in the mobile service the download speed is 22.39 Mbps and the upload speed is 10.63 Mbps.

 

Internet Service Providers

Are there ISPs available?

 Yes

If yes, are they privately or government owned?

Yes, one (1) CNT is Government property

Dial-up only?

 No

Approximate Rates (local currency and USD - $)

Dial-up

 N/A

Broadband

 50 Mb USD 24.6

70 Mb USD 28, 100 Mb USD 39.-   300 Mb USD 55.-

Max Leasable ‘Dedicated’ Bandwidth

 100 mbps

 

The latest ARCOTEL internet access figures, as of September 2022, show 2.5 million fixed broadband lines, with a penetration of 14.4%.

 

CB Vision - Paute. Internet provider and optic fiber https://www.cbvision.net.ec/index.php/tr/ Tel: 096 100 3000   https://cbvision.net.ec/index.php/en/empresa/about/paute   

Claro Ecuador - Quito. Internet Provider. https://claro.com.ec/

Clicknet - Latacunga. Internet services providert. https://clicknet.ec/

CNT - Quito. https://www.cnt.com.ec/  

Electrocom - Guayaquil. https://www.electrocom.ec/ PBX (5934) 605-2435. 

Extreme - Ambato. https://extreme.net.ec/ Tel: 096315599 / 0995855757

Fibramax - Quito.  https://fibramax.ec/ Tel: 099 20 20 600

Grupo SEICOM - Naranjal.  www.grupo-seicom.webnode.com.ec   Tel: 0960580683

 

 

Mobile Network Operators (MNOs)

The Mobile Telephony operators that operate in Ecuador are Conecel S.A (Claro), Otecel (Movistar), CNT and Virgin Mobile.

Claro leads the market with a share of 51.7%, followed by Movistar with a share of 30.7% and CNT with 17.6%.

image-20240513094545-3

5G technology in Ecuador

According to information from the Global System Mobile Association (GSMA), it is expected that the new technology will begin to be commercialized in Ecuador in 2025.

In November 2023, Motorola relaunched its entire portfolio in Ecuador. The brand will have a direct presence in all retail chains and operators, and through partners and distributors. 80% of the portfolio that will be presented is 5G. Part of Motorola's entry into Ecuador in this new stage is to encourage the development of 5G technology and grow the industry in the country. At the close of this edition, no new progress has been recorded in its implementation.

 

For information on MNOs please visit the GSM Association website.

Company

Number of Agent Outlets by Area

Network Strength by Area

Contracted for Humanitarian or Government Cash Transfer

Programmes?

Services Offered

(i.e. Merchant Payment,

Bulk Disbursement,

Receive & Make Payment)

Claro

 Nationwide

https://www.geodata.com.ec /

N/A

Yes, for users, public payments, money transfers, disbursements, etc.

Movistar

 Nationwide

https://www.movistar.com.ec/mapa-de-coberturas

N/A

Yes, for users, public payments, money transfers, disbursements, etc.

CNT Ecuador

 Nationwide

https://www.nperf.com/es/map/EC/3652462.Quito/-/signal/

N/A

Yes, for users, public payments, money transfers, disbursements, etc.

 

Disclaimer: Inclusion of company information in the LCA does not imply any business relationship between the supplier and WFP / Logistics Cluster, and is used solely as a determinant of services, and capacities.

 

Please note: WFP / Logistics Cluster maintain complete impartiality and are not able to endorse, comment on any company's suitability as a reputable service provider.

 

 

[1] The Fintech Law in Ecuador, as the Organic Law for the Development and Control of Technological Financial Services is known: “allows the entry of other participants to the provision of financial services, seeking the financial inclusion of citizens who have not been able to access traditional banking” The novel aspects that this Law brings to the Ecuadorian financial system is based on the creation of new means of payment that work with a technological infrastructure, technological financial services, the creation of specialized electronic deposit and payment companies. On December 22, 2022, the so-called Fintech Law was published in the Official Registry, Second Supplement 215.

Ecuador - 3.5 Food and Additional Suppliers

Named for its proximity to the Earth’s equator, this small, middle-income nation remains one of the world’s most biodiverse countries, whose evolution depends on its open economy, making it an interesting target for food exporters from several sectors. Known for exporting Panama hats, Ecuador tops the eighth position in Latin America economies and is steadily increasing as a tourist destination. Despite the lingering income inequality and economic struggles, dollarization has brought stability for purchasing power as the appetite of Ecuadorians for imported foods continue to show a growing demand in quality, quantity and diversity.

To complete its limited inventory of bananas, fish, and tropical crops like cacao and coffee,  excellent for the much-needed foreign exchange, Ecuador has joined the Andean Community, signing free trade agreements with Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, as well as free trade policies with the EU, the UK, Guatemala, Mexico, Chile, and Mercosur countries.

Food Exports

Ecuador mainly exports three foods: bananas, palm oil and cocoa. This means that there are large spaces where these are grown, monocultures that wear down the environment. In addition, many lands are under these crops at the expense of other crops that we consume in the country. Of the ten main products of the non-oil exportable commodities of Ecuador, half had a contraction in their shipments in the first month of this 2021. Bananas and plantains, shrimp, wood and processed, tuna and fish and vegetable oils are in that group that had decreases that fluctuated between -9% and -36%.

Exports to the EU, yearly (food)

Source:  https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/food-farming-fisheries/farming/documents/agrifood-ecuador_en.pdf

It is evident that the majority of traded goods are primary, a characteristic trend of international negotiations carried out by Ecuador, since its main export products do not generate added value and neither do they incorporate new technologies or specialized labor. However, products made from sea animals, as well as fruits and vegetables have been developing, consolidating themselves in more and more international markets.

Food imports (% of merchandise imports)

Among the most important food products imported in Ecuador are fats and oils, animal feed, prepared cereal products, fruits and vegetables, sugar(local sugar prices are high) and elaborate confectionery, while the main countries from which Ecuador imports are Peru, the United States, Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Panama, and Brazil.

Imports from the EU into Ecuador, yearly (food)

Source: https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/food-farming-fisheries/farming/documents/agrifood-ecuador_en.pdf

Food import trends in Ecuador are influenced by trade policies and tariffs, as well as natural climatic struggles that can significantly impact domestic production. Additionally to the scarce food production capacity and besides food items that need to be imported as there is no equivalent in the country, consumer demand and behaviour are other key factors impacting food consumption.

Food Processing

Ecuador’s food processing sector is one of the most successful components of the national economy. The sector benefits from stable, consistent demand for its products. Food and beverage processing companies are ramping up production output in response to increased product demand driven by population and income growth. Local processing companies are attempting to capitalize on this growth by lobbying the government for support at the expense of imported processed products.

Domestic food manufacturers rely heavily on local food ingredients. Ecuador’s government is attempting to restrict imports in order to stimulate local production and increased domestic use. The government is also aiming to increase production for regional export. Ecuadorian companies tend to import specialized food ingredients such as flavoring agents, colorants, preserving agents, and emulsifiers. Food processors import these products from the United States and the European Union as Ecuador lacks the means to manufacture these products in sufficient volumes.

Ecuador’s domestic food processing industry’s main food and beverage sub-sectors include:

  • Meat, meat products and subproducts
  • Processed shrimp
  • Fish and other processed aquatic products
  • Crude and refined animal and vegetable oils
  • Processed dairy products
  • Milling and bakery products, noodles and pasta
  • Sugar and sugar cane products
  • Processed cocoa products, chocolates, and confectionery products
  • Foodstuffs various
  • Beverage products

 

Local Market and Demand

Ecuadorian food importers prefer to be contacted directly by producers to negotiate the best sales margins. Food import trends in Ecuador are influenced by trade policies and tariffs, as well as natural climatic struggles that can significantly impact domestic production. Additionally to the scarce food production capacity and besides food items that need to be imported as there is no equivalent in the country, consumer demand and behaviour are other key factors impacting food consumption. Geographical location, irregular landscape, relatively unfavourable for agricultural production, growing population and vulnerability to floods, droughts, earthquakes and even volcanic eruptions mark Ecuador as a country that is not self-sufficient in food.

Source: World Bank staff estimates from the Comtrade database generated by the United Nations Statistics Division

Generic country information can be located from sources which are regularly maintained and reflect current facts and figures. For a general overview of country data related to the service and supply sectors, please consult the following sources:

https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/TM.VAL.FOOD.ZS.UN?end=2019&locations=EC&start=1962&view=chart

https://wits.worldbank.org/CountryProfile/en/Country/ECU/Year/LTST/TradeFlow/Import/Partner/by-country/Product/16-24_FoodProd.

More trade statistics including main economic indicators, GDP by sector, trade in goods and trade in commercial services are provided by the EU Commission Directorate-General for Trade on their website: http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/statistics/

 

Disclaimer: Inclusion of company information in the LCA does not imply any business relationship between the supplier and WFP / Logistics Cluster, and is used solely as a determinant of services, and capacities.

Please note: WFP / Logistics Cluster maintain complete impartiality and are not in a position to endorse, comment on any company's suitability as a reputable service provider.

 

 

 

Ecuador - 4 Contact Lists

In the following subsections the contact details for Ecuador will be presented.

Ecuador - 4.1 Government Contact List

Ministry

Department

National or Provincial / State Authority

City / Town

Street / Physical Address

Name

Title

Email

Phone Number (office)

Phone Number (mobile)

Fax Number

Website 

Banco Central

Gerente General

National Authority

Quito

Av. 10 de Agosto n11-409 y Briceño

Verónica Artola Jarrín

Gerente General

veartola@bce.ec

593 2 3938600

 

593 2 3938600

https://www.bce.fin.ec/

Consorcio de Gobiernos Autónomos Provinciales del Ecuador - CONGOPE

Director Ejecutivo

State Authority

Quito

Wilson E8-166 y Av. 6 de Diciembre

Edwin Rodrigo Miño Arcos

Director Ejecutivo

emino@congope.gob.ec

593 2 3 801750

 

593 2 3801750

http://www.congope.gob.ec/

Corporación Financiera Nacional

Gerente General

National Authority

Guayaquil

Av. 9 de Octubre y Pichincha

Munir Massuh Manzur

Gerente General

mmassuh@cfn.fin.ec

593 4 2560888

 

593 4 2560888

https://www.cfn.fin.ec

Gobierno Autónomo Descentralizado Municipal de Montufar

Alcalde

State Authority

San Gabriel

Calle Sucre 03-61 y Bolívar

Juan Acosta

Alcalde

jacostaodontos@yahoo.es

593 6 2832032

 

593 6 2290123

www.gadmontufar.gob.ec

Gobierno Autónomo Descentralizado Municipal de San Lorenzo

Alcalde

State Authority

San Lorenzo

Calle 10 de Agosto y 24 de Mayo

Gustavo Samaniego

Alcalde

algusta_sa@yahoo.es

593 999471512

 

593 982529796

http://www.municipiosanlorenzo.gob.ec/

Gobierno Autónomo Descentralizado Municipal de Tulcán

Alcalde

State Authority

Carchi

Av. Olmedo

  Alcalde

julio.robles@gmtulcan.gob.ec

593 984497833

 

593 9844 7833

http://www.gmtulcan.gob.ec/es/index.html

Gobierno Autónomo Descentralizado Provincial de Carchi

Prefecto

State Authority

Carchi

Calle 10 de Agosto entre Sucre y Olmedo  

Guillermo Herrera

Prefecto

bernardinoherrera@hotmail.com

593 6 2980302

 

593 6 2980302

carchi.gob.ec

Gobierno Autónomo Descentralizado Provincial de Imbabura

Prefecto

State Authority

Ibarra

Bolívar 7-44 y Oviedo

Pablo Jurado

Prefecto

pjurado@imbabura.gob.ec

593 6 2955225

 

593 6 2955225

www.imbabura.gob.ec

Gobierno Autónomo Descentralizado Provincial de Pichincha

Prefecto

State Authority

Quito

Manuel Larrea No.13-45 y Antonio Ante

Gustavo Baroja

Prefecto

gbaroja@pichincha.gob.ec

593 2 2549222

 

593 2 2549222

www.pichincha.gob.ec

Gobierno Autónomo Descentralizado Provincial de Sucumbios

Prefecto

State Authority

Lago Agrio

Av. 20 de Junio

Guido Vargas

Prefecto

 

593 6 2 999000

 

593 6 2 999000

www.sucumbios.gob.ec

Instituto Ecuatoriano de Normalización

Director Ejecutivo

National Authority

Quito

Baquerizo Moreno E8-29 y Diego de Almagro

Mauricio Maldonado

Director Ejecutivo

mauricio.maldonado@normalizacion.gob.ec

593 2 3825960

 

593 2 3825961

http://www.normalizacion.gob.ec/

Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social

Director general

National Authority

Quito

Mr.

Carlos Alberto Vallejo Burneo

Director general

iess@iess.gob.ec

 

 

 

https://www.biess.fin.ec

Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos

Director Ejecutivo Encargado

National Authority