Somalia Port of Berbera

Key port information can also be found at:

Website of the Maritime Database on Berbera Port 

Port Overview:

Located on the south coast of the Gulf of Aden along the NW Somali coast - Somaliland/ Galbeed (Saheel) region - about 250 kms east of Djibouti. The port was built in a natural bay formed by a low-lying sand bar with the entrance to the west. The port was developed by Russian and American aid, and the berths are distinguished between Russian and American wharves. Each one is approximately 325 metres although the Russian portion was built 30 years prior to the American, which was built in 1986.

Berbera, the principal port in the north, is presently the largest operating port of Somalia. The year round port of Berbera is the primary source of revenue for the administration of Somaliland and the largest employer generating direct and indirect employment opportunities (410 permanent employees, about the same number of contractual workers and approximately 900 stevedores and casual workers). Revenue from Customs duties and tariffs from the port consist a major component of the budgetary income of the local administration.
The port contributes to the expansion of regional trade and commerce and the Berbera - Ethiopia corridor represents a major economic generator for Somaliland.

The Berbera port is the entry point for humanitarian aid and commercial cargo for the regional hinterland stretching into Ethiopia. As reported by the Ports Authority, it is estimated that 50% of the cargo is in transit to Ethiopia (30%) and South Somalia (20%), though no official statistics exist. During 2000, the EU imported about 60,000mt through the port of Berbera. (Source FAAco, October 2005).

Livestock is the main export cargo with main destinations being Saudi Arabia, Yemen and UAE. Therefore exports were affected by the Gulf States' livestock import ban of 1998 and 2000 that is still in force. It was reported by the Ports Authority that losses due to year 2000 livestock ban amount to about 60% of revenue, 70% of labour (including casual labour) and 8% of inflation. Livestock market starts in mid/late June and peaks in November/December. Livestock trade contributes 60-65% to the national economy. About 60% of the population' livelihood depends either directly or indirectly on the livestock and its products. Imports through the port of Berbera are destined for Somaliland, Ethiopia, North Eastern Somalia and parts of Southern Somalia.

For more generic information on Berbera Port, please select the following document:

Additional Information

Port website: Website of the Berbera Port

Port Location and Contacts



Province or District

Galbed, Somaliland

Town or City (Closest location) with Distance (km)

Name : Berbera


Port's Complete Name



10°.26 North


45°.01 East

Managing Company or Port Authority (If more than one operator, break down by area of operation)

Berbera Port Authority

Management Contact Person

Eng. Ali Omer Mohamed +2522 444 6093

Bile Hirse Eid +2522 444 6481

Closest Airport and Frequent Airlines to / from International Destinations

Airport Name: AIRPORT NAME


Port Picture

INSERT PORT PICTURE FILE of the picture of the port. Key areas should be clearly marked on the picture. Remember to label the file using the correct format "GLCSC_LCA_COUNTRY NAME_Port Picture _YYMMDD.xls. At a minimum, ensure you capture and identify the berths. Remember to insert the country name, port name and use the correct date format (e.g. 25 May 2013 is 130525)

REPLACE THIS TEXT with a list of the identified areas on the Port Picture.

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

REPLACE THIS TEXT with a short narrative identifying key companies and their duties within the port.

INSERT PORT COMPANY CONTACT LIST. Create the contact list by completing the 'Annex 2.4: Port Company Contact List' template. Once saved in the appropriate annex section, copy and paste the link here.

Port Performance

Linear wharf of 650 metres long, sufficient width, divided into 5 berths of 125 metres each and one ro-ro of 25 metres. Draft ranges from 9 to 12 metres depth and maximum vessel length is approximately 200metres; water level suggests a depth restriction of approximately 18,000 to 20,000 metric tones per ship.

Berth occupancy is approximately 70% although priority berthing can be arranged in case of livestock or humanitarian cargo if requested by consignee. Geared vessels are preferential although mobile cranes are available up to 32 metric tonne capacity max.

There are no bulk facilities available and general cargo daily discharge rate is 1,200 metric tones although possible capacity is 2,300 metric tones per day. Both 20 and 40-foot containers can be discharged with no specific berth assigned. Cargo is generally delivered directly to consignee. Transport upon discharge from the vessel and workers under contract at the port perform stevedoring.

For more information on the port performance of Berbera Port, please select the following document:

Additional Information

Seasonal Constraints

Yes / No

From <month> to <month>

Rainy Season



Major Import Campaigns






Handling Figures


Vessel Calls


Container Traffic (TEUs)


Handling Figures Bulk and Break Bulk


Bulk (MT)


Break bulk (MT)


Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges

INSERT LINK to webpage which has relevant tariffs / rates.

REPLACE THIS TEXT, if no link available, with a description to any issues regarding discharge rates, or identify information sources which will have the most up-to-date information. Give indicators on expected cost for break bulk and bulk as well as terminal handling charges.

Berthing Specifications

Type of Berth


Length (m)

Maximum Draft (m)

Conventional Berth




Container Berth




Silo Berth




Berthing Tugs


Water Barges


REPLACE THIS TEXT with any further narrative about berths available or with relevant links to supporting websites.

General Cargo Handling Berths

Cargo Type

Berth Identification

Imports - Bagged Cargo


Exports - Bagged Cargo


Imports and Exports - RoRo


Other Imports


Port Handling Equipment

Is the port equipment managed by the government or privately? INSERT ANSWER HERE

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(Yes / No)

Total Quantity and Capacity Available

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage

Dockside Crane




Container Gantries




Mobile Cranes








RoRo Tugmaster (w/ Trailer)




Grain Elevator w/ Bagging Machines












Container Facilities

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20 ft

40 ft

Container Facilities Available



Container Freight Station (CFS)



Refrigerated Container Stations



Other Capacity Details

Daily Take Off Capacity (Containers per day)


Number of Reefer Stations (connection points)


Emergency Take-off Capacity (Give an indication)


Off take capacity of gang shift (in Containers per shift)



Customs Guidance

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Terminal Information

Multipurpose Terminal

REPLACE THIS TEXT with 1 - 2 sentences describing any multipurpose terminal fascilities if such facilities are available. Identify if RoRo facilities are availalbe, berths, square meters.

Grain and Bulk Handling

REPLACE THIS TEXT with 3 - 5 sentences describing grain and bulk handling facilities. Identify by name any companies responsible for bagging and ensure they are in contact list file. Identify if direct bagging from ship discharge is possible.Provide any further details on equipment and capacity not already covered.

Main Storage Terminal

REPLACE THIS TEXT with a 3 - 4 sentences describing the main storage facilities. Identify the number of warehouses available, square meters available, square meters available for storage of food supplies.

Storage Type

Number of Storage Facilities

Area (square meters)

Bagged Cargo



Refrigerated Cargo



General Cargo




REPLACE THIS TEXT with 2 - 4 paragraphs describing what comprises stevedoring activities, if they are provided by private or government entities, ensure contacts are on the contact list, amount of labor available, and if additional incentives are possible.

Hiterland Information

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Port Security

REPLACE THIS TEXT with one to two paragraphs narrating the current security and safety arrangements in place. Identify any gaps or areas of concern. Keep in mind considerations for stock security, personnel safety, insurance risk, etc... Identify any planned improvements to security infrastructure or processes and projected impact on the port. 


ISPS Compliant

(Yes / No)


Current ISPS Level


Level 1 = Normal, Level 2 = Heightened, Level 3 = Exceptional

Police Boats


Fire Engines