Yemen Humanitarian Background

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes1969 – 2,020,000 affected

Earthquakes

YesDecember 1982 – 401,500 affected (1,507 fatalities); November 1991 – 40,039 affected (10 fatalities)

Epidemics

YesSeptember 2000 – 468 people affected (32 fatalities)

Extreme Temperatures

No-

Flooding

YesJune 1996 – 238,210 people affected (338 fatalities); October 2008 – 25,064 affected (90 fatalities); January 2007 – 2,000 affected (36 fatalities)

Insect Infestation

No-

Mudslides

Yes1 event, 65 fatalities, affected population 11.

Volcanic Eruptions

Yes1 event, 6 fatalities, affected population: 15.

High Waves / Surges

No-

Wildfires

No-

High Winds

Yes2 events, 30 fatalities, affected population: n/a

Other Comments

n/a

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

Yes1994 - 7,000 fatalities

International Conflict

No-

Internally Displaced Persons

YesApril 2013 – 350,000 internally displaced persons

Refugees Present

Yes262,700

Landmines / UXO Present

No-

Other Comments

n/a

For more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters:

Website of Emdat - Disaster Database

Calamities and Seasonal Affects

Seasonal Affects on Transport

Transport

Comments

From (month) to (month)

Primary Road Transport

There are no major seasonal affects on primary road transportationJanuary to December

Secondary Road Transport

Secondary roads maybe affected by flash flooding in the rainy season.March to April

Rail Transport

There is no Rail Network in Yemen-

Air Transport

There are no major seasonal affects-

Waterway Transport

South coast sea ports maybe affected by monsoon season.October to May

Seasonal Affects on Storage and Handling (economic, social, climate…)

Activity

Comments

From <month> to <month>

Storage

There are no major seasonal affects on storage operations / facilities in Yemen

-

Handling

There are no major seasonal affects on cargo handling operations in Yemen

-

Other

n/a

n/a

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

National Disaster Response Structure

As a result of the disasters that have plagued Yemen over the last three decades, the strengthening and the establishment of a disaster management body is receiving greater attention from the Government of Yemen (GoY). To this end the Government took many significant steps such as:

Military and Civil Defense Assets

Currently military and civil defense assets are not used in relief operations due to security sensitivities; consequently there are no established humanitarian civil military coordination mechanisms in place.

4.1 Yemen Government Contact List

Humanitarian Community

4.2 Yemen Humanitarian Agency Contact List