Jordan Railway Assessment


A National Rail System was approved by the Jordanian Government which will connect all major cities and towns by passenger and cargo rail. There are two lines to be constructed. The North-South Line passing through Mafraq, Zarqa, Amman, Maan, and Aqaba with international connections to Syria and Saudi Arabia. The East-West Line will run from Mafraq, Irbid, and Azraq with international connections to Iraq and possibly Israel. The national rail system will be completed by 2013. These routes are planned to be electrified. There are also plans for a light rail system operating between Amman and Zarqa and a funicular and a three line metro system for Amman.

Two connected but non-contiguously operated sections of the Hedjaz Railway exist:

The Phosphate rail maintenance is taken care by the company  exporting the Phosphate, from phosphatemines near Ma'an to the Gulf of Aqaba

 Jordan Rail Ways

Total: 507 km - narrow gauge of 1,050 mm (3 ft 5 1132 in) (2008) Railway companies in Jordan are:

In 1908 the Ottoman Empire built the Hejaz Railway. That ran from Damascus to Medina. After World War I and the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the railway never operated south of Ma'an. The Hedjaz Jordan Railway operated the tracks of the Hejaz railway in Jordan.[1] In 1975 the railway built a branch from Ma'an to Aqaba, a port city on the Gulf of Aqaba. In 1979 the Aqaba Railway Corporation (ARC) was incorporated and took over the route from Abiad to Aqaba. The purpose of the ARC was to transport phosphates from mines near Abiad and Ma'an to the port in Aqaba. The ARC operated only freight trains powered by GE U17C diesel locomotives.

The Jordanian government has begun acquiring land for new rail routes. Following a study by BNP Paribas, three routes are planned, which are expected to be tendered later in 2010. The three routes are:[1]

1.   From the Syrian border, via Zarqa, to the Saudi border; replacing part of the Hedjaz Railway;

2.   Connecting the first line to Aqaba, and from Mafraq to Irbid, replacing another part of the Hedjaz Railway;

3.   A link to the Iraqi border.

However, in late 2010 the government announced an economic relief package and following the 2011 Jordanian protests it was decided to reduce the expected three year capital investment plan in the national railway network by 72 percent, partly to fund the relief package. Therefore, it is unclear when the ambitions railway expansion plan will be carried out.

There are also plans for a light rail system operating between Amman and Zarqa and a funicular and metro line in Amman.

Currently, two connected but non-contiguously operated sections of the Hedjaz Railway exist:

In August 2011, Jordanian government approved the construction of the railway from Aqaba to the Iraqi border (near Trebil). The Iraqis in the meantime started the construction of the line from the border to their current railhead at Ramadi.

Travel Time Matrix

This Part is not clearly identified due to limit use of railway for raw potash.

Railway Companies and Consortia

1)    Jordan Hijaz Rail Way/ Amman

2)    Aqaba Railway Corporation.

Both above companies are managed by Jordan Government as per international tendering.

No private Railway companies in jordan