Turkmenistan Country Profile

Generic country information can be located from sources which are regularly maintained and reflect current facts and figures.

For a generic country overview, please consult the following sources:

Turkmenistan Country Map

Generic Information:

Turkmenistan, formerly also known as Turkmenia, is one of the Turkic states in Central Asia. Turkmenistan is bordered by Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, Uzbekistan to the east and northeast, Kazakhstan to the northwest and the Caspian Sea to the west.
Present-day Turkmenistan covers territory that has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. In medieval times Merv (today known as Mary) was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. Annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1924, Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR); it achieved independence upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Turkmenistan's GDP growth rate of 11% in 2012 comes on the back of several years of sustained high growth, albeit from a very basic undiversified economy powered by export of a single commodity. It possesses the world's fourth largest reserves of natural gas resources.Although it is wealthy in natural resources in certain areas, most of the country is covered by the Karakum (Black Sand) Desert.

Find the country in the generic links below:

Wikipedia Country Information Website of Wikipedia on Turkmenistan

IMF Country Information Website of the IMF on Turkmenistan

Economist Intelligence Unit Website of the Economist on Turkmenistan

(*note - this is a paid service)


Facts and Figures:

Wolfram Alpha Website of Wolframalpha on Turkmenistan

World Bank Website of the Worldbank on Turkmenistan

Population Information: Website of the Worldpopulationreview on Turkmenistan