Armenia is a landlocked country, in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia bordered by Georgia in the north, Azerbaijan in the east and the Azerbaijan’s exclave of Nakhchivan in the southwest, Iran in the south, and Turkey in the west. Armenia is 80% mountainous. The average elevation is about 1,800 m (10th highest in the world) with Mount Aragats as the highest point in the country, reaching a height of 4,090 m. The Republic has many mountain lakes, the largest of which is Lake Sevan, located in the north east. Lake Sevan is the largest lake in Transcaucasia and one of the largest high-elevation lakes in the world. Armenia has a dry and continental climate that changes radically with elevation.
The Republic of Armenia has a territorial area of 29,743 square km and a population of 2,924,816 (2016 estimate). Armenia has a relatively large external diaspora (8 million by some estimates), with communities existing across the globe.
Armenia is a member of more than 40 international organizations, including the United Nations; the Council of Europe; the Asian Development Bank; the Commonwealth of Independent States; the World Trade Organization; World Customs Organization; the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation; and La Francophonie. It is a member of the CSTO military alliance and participates in NATO's Partnership for Peace program. Since January 2015, Armenia became a member of Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), which is a political and economic union between Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia. The core objective of EEU is to have a Single Economic Space and to develop a single market for achieving the "four freedoms", namely the free movements of goods, capital, services and people.
Armenia's borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan are currently closed. This has had an impact on the economy because Armenia is a net-importer country and highly depends on outside supplies of energy and most raw materials. Land routes through Georgia and Iran are inadequate.
For additional information on Armenia and humanitarian details, please see the following document: Humanitarian Information
Generic country information can be located from sources which are regularly maintained and reflect current facts and figures. For a generic country overview, please consult the following sources:
Wikipedia Information on Armenia
IMF information on Armenia
Economist Intelligence Unit Information on Armenia* (*note - this is a paid service)
WFP information on Armenia
Wolfram Alpha Information on Armenia
World Bank Information on Armenia
World Population Review Information on Armenia