Somalia Port of Berbera

Key port information can also be found at:

Website of the Maritime Database on Berbera Port 

Port Overview:

Located on the south coast of the Gulf of Aden along the NW Somali coast - Somaliland/ Galbeed (Saheel) region - about 250 kms east of Djibouti. The port was built in a natural bay formed by a low-lying sand bar with the entrance to the west. The port was developed by Russian and American aid, and the berths are distinguished between Russian and American wharves. Each one is approximately 325 metres although the Russian portion was built 30 years prior to the American, which was built in 1986.

Berbera, the principal port in the north, is presently the largest operating port of Somalia. The year round port of Berbera is the primary source of revenue for the administration of Somaliland and the largest employer generating direct and indirect employment opportunities (410 permanent employees, about the same number of contractual workers and approximately 900 stevedores and casual workers). Revenue from Customs duties and tariffs from the port consist a major component of the budgetary income of the local administration.
The port contributes to the expansion of regional trade and commerce and the Berbera - Ethiopia corridor represents a major economic generator for Somaliland.

The Berbera port is the entry point for humanitarian aid and commercial cargo for the regional hinterland stretching into Ethiopia. As reported by the Ports Authority, it is estimated that 50% of the cargo is in transit to Ethiopia (30%) and South Somalia (20%), though no official statistics exist. During 2000, the EU imported about 60,000mt through the port of Berbera. (Source FAAco, October 2005).

Livestock is the main export cargo with main destinations being Saudi Arabia, Yemen and UAE. Therefore exports were affected by the Gulf States' livestock import ban of 1998 and 2000 that is still in force. It was reported by the Ports Authority that losses due to year 2000 livestock ban amount to about 60% of revenue, 70% of labour (including casual labour) and 8% of inflation. Livestock market starts in mid/late June and peaks in November/December. Livestock trade contributes 60-65% to the national economy. About 60% of the population' livelihood depends either directly or indirectly on the livestock and its products. Imports through the port of Berbera are destined for Somaliland, Ethiopia, North Eastern Somalia and parts of Southern Somalia.

For more generic information on Berbera Port, please select the following document:

Somaliland Berbera Port Additional Information

Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately.

Port website: Website of the Berbera Port

Port Location and Contacts

Country

Somalia

Province or District

Galbed, Somaliland

Town or City (Closest location) with Distance (km)

Name : Berbera

km: n/a

Port's Complete Name

n/a

Latitude

10°.26 North

Longitude

45°.01 East

Managing Company or Port Authority (If more than one operator, break down by area of operation)

Berbera Port Authority

Management Contact Person

Eng. Ali Omer Mohamed +2522 444 6093

Bile Hirse Eid +2522 444 6481

Closest Airport and Frequent Airlines to / from International Destinations

Airport Name: n/a

Airlines: n/a

Port Picture

Pictures were not allowed at the time. Pictures allowed when UN or WFP vessel in Port only.

Description and Contacts of Key Companies

4.2.1 Somalia Port and Waterways Company Contact List

For further contacts information on Berbera Port, please select the following document: 

Somaliland Berbera Port Additional Information

Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately.

Port Performance

Linear wharf of 650 metres long, sufficient width, divided into 5 berths of 125 metres each and one ro-ro of 25 metres. Draft ranges from 9 to 12 metres depth and maximum vessel length is approximately 200metres; water level suggests a depth restriction of approximately 18,000 to 20,000 metric tones per ship.

Berth occupancy is approximately 70% although priority berthing can be arranged in case of livestock or humanitarian cargo if requested by consignee. Geared vessels are preferential although mobile cranes are available up to 32 metric tonne capacity max.

There are no bulk facilities available and general cargo daily discharge rate is 1,200 metric tones although possible capacity is 2,300 metric tones per day. Both 20 and 40-foot containers can be discharged with no specific berth assigned. Cargo is generally delivered directly to consignee. Transport upon discharge from the vessel and workers under contract at the port perform stevedoring.

For more information on the port performance of Berbera Port, please select the following document:

Somaliland Berbera Port Additional Information

Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately.

Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges

There are no shore cranes at the port; mobile cranes are available for hire at the following charges.
Berbera has handled bulk in the past for EU with destination to Dire Dawa in Ethiopia; discharge was done according to FAAco (under TAFIQ) at a rate of approximately 2,500 metric tonnes per day.

For further information on Discharge Rates and Port Costs, please select the following document:

Somaliland Berbera Port Additional Information

Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately.

Berthing Specifications

Total length of all berths (5) is 650 meters

Type of Berth

Quantity

Length (m)

Maximum Draft (m)

Conventional Berth

n/a

n/a

9 to 11.5 Meters

Container Berth

n/a

n/a

n/a

Silo Berth

n/a

n/a

n/a

Berthing Tugs

n/a

Water Barges

n/a

Total length of quay (650 meters) shared by all vessels except tankers. RO/RO ramp at western end of quay (berth number 6)

General Cargo Handling Berths

All berths (1 to 5) are used for general cargo including loading livestock. Berth 6 RO/RO

Cargo Type

Berth Identification

Imports - Bagged Cargo

1 to 5

Exports - Bagged Cargo

1 to 5

Imports and Exports - RoRo

1 to 5

Other Imports

1 to 5

For further information on General Cargo Handling Berths, please select the following document:

Somaliland Berbera Port Additional Information

Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately.

Port Handling Equipment

Cargo Handling

Mobile cranes with pedestals are used to discharge general cargo unless ro-ro at berth no.6 in which case forklifts offload on pallets if available or onto trailers. Geared vessels preferential.

Bulk cargo: Bagging facilities available for hire, generally at 1 % of value although negotiable.

Break bulk cargo: Discharged by ship's gear generally directly to consignee transport or via mobile cranes or stevedores on chargeable basis.

Containerized cargo: 20ft and 40ft FLC discharged by ship's gear onto berth with one 40ft forklift available. No specific berth is assigned. As per the Port staff, only 2 vessels can be efficiently handled at one time.

There are no shore cranes at the port; mobile cranes are available for hire at the following charges.

Cargo Handling Equipment

No fixed port cranes. No vacuvators and silo facilities. Bagging facilities available for hire on request.

Equipment

Available

(Yes / No)

Total Quantity and Capacity Available

Comments on Current Condition and Actual Usage

Dockside Crane

n/a

n/a

n/a

Container Gantries

n/a

n/a

n/a

Mobile Cranes

4

3 X 15ton, 1 X 32 ton

n/a

Reachstacker

n/a

n/a

n/a

RoRo Tugmaster (w/ Trailer)

n/a

n/a

n/a

Grain Elevator w/ Bagging Machines

n/a

n/a

n/a

Transtrainer

n/a

n/a

n/a

Forklifts

n/a

n/a

n/a

Container Facilities

Facilities

20 ft

40 ft

Container Facilities Available

Yes

Yes

Container Freight Station (CFS)

No

No

Refrigerated Container Stations

No

No

Other Capacity Details

Daily Take Off Capacity (Containers per day)

4 per hour

Number of Reefer Stations (connection points)

n/a

Emergency Take-off Capacity (Give an indication)

n/a

Off take capacity of gang shift (in Containers per shift)

n/a

n/a

Customs Guidance

REPLACE THIS TEXT with a paragraph discussing customs clearance at the port. Give guidance on how long it normally takes, recommendations on working with custom officials at the port, and any other relevant issues. Ensure custom contact details are given and any relevant websites. Link to the CIG section of the LCA for more details.

Terminal Information

Main Storage Terminal

This is available although currently not a main part of the port activities as mostly offloaded directly to consignee. Two transit shed/warehouses are available in the port area with a total area of 5,760 sqm. This is divided into 2 covered sheds of which one seems very busy and generally full time occupied. Total capacity between the two is approximately 120,000 metric tons although this is based on measurements with very high ceilings and no indoor crane facilities to stack that high. Local traders occupy one store since 1996, while the second one is available to port customers.

The latter can be used for maximum of 14 days free of charge, with a special agreement with Ethiopian goods in transit up to 1 month free of charge; thereafter, storage rent is charged that is higher than the storage charges outside the port with commercial enterprises. Open port storage is also available with 20,000 square metres space used for containers. Approximately 10+ containers were observed during visit only.

Available Storage (covered): 2 - 5,750 sqm or 120,000 mtn total

Available Storage (open air): 1 - 20,000 sqm

Stevedoring

No storage to shed done.

Generally direct from ship, using ships gear directly on lorry and to WFP warehouse.

Stevedoring supplied by the port, through private contractor

ALL basic stevedoring is US$ 4.00 per MT ( US$ 2.50 for aid cargoes )

Over 40 DWT : As Above

Hire of a gang: As Above

Port Security

Gangway watchmen available around the clock. Police and port security on internal and external perimeter duty 24 hrs daily.
Customs security available around the clock.
Port wharves are fenced.

Due to the location of the port the entry points are sealed off and quite well guarded, however, security seems to be more geared towards deterring entry of private traders as opposed to potential security risks.

For further information on port maintenance and repairs, Generators, Weighbridges, Ship Supplies, port and harbour dues, dockage, buoyage and anchorage, hire of labour and equipment, shore handling: containerised cargo, general services oil handling terminal, bagging - grain and on conventional and containerised cargo, please select the following document:

Somaliland Berbera Port Additional Information