Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes

 n/a

Earthquakes

Yes

Earthquaketrack Website

Epidemics

Yes

Diphtheria, 1991-1997.  By 1995, a mass immunization strategy was adopted by the Government of Ukraine.

Epidemic Diphtheria in Ukraine - 1991–1997

Extreme Temperatures

Yes

Cold winters with reoccurring temperatures of -20°C

Meteorologyclimate Website

Flooding

Yes

Highest risks of flooding is found in the southern regions of the country. 

Map of Ukraine Flood Hazard Areas

Insect Infestation

Yes

Sugar beet pests – mainly beetles and flies living in the surface of soil used for cultivation.

Institute of Plant Protection UAAS

Mudslides

No

 n/a

Volcanic Eruptions

No

  n/a

High Waves / Surges

No

  n/a

Wildfires

Yes

During dry spells and high summer temperatures wild fires have been recorded in the Chernobyl area, releasing radioactive agents

Newscientist Information on Chernobyl Radiation

High Winds

Yes

High winds have caused black outs and increase the spread of wild fires.

Newstalk Information on Chernobyl Radiation Spreading Forest Fires

Other Comments

n/a

n/a

Man-Made Issues

 

 

Civil Strife

Yes

The origins of the current armed conflict were anti-government protests in 2013, which led to a change of government.

Following the Russian annexation of Crimea in April 2014, tensions erupted between pro-Russian and pro-Ukrainian groups.

Violent unrest has impacted the Donetsk and Luhansk regions for over a year. In areas that are no longer subject to violence, the remnants of war - such as land mines and other unexploded devices - continue to put the lives of civilians at risk.

WFP Information on Ukraine

International Conflict

No

n/a

Internally Displaced Persons

Yes

According to the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine more than 1,500 of internally displaced people were registered in October 2015

Ukraine Ministry of Social Policy (information in Ukrainian only)

Refugees Present

Yes

UNHCR Information for Ukraine

Landmines / UXO Present

Yes

Land mines have been used in the eastern part of Ukraine. There have been civilian casualties.

UNICEF Information for Ukrine

Other Comments

n/a

n/a

 

For more detailed database on disasters by country, please see: Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters

Calamities and Seasonal Affects

Ukraine has a temperate continental climate with cold winters and warm summers. Heavy snow falls in winter may affect transport/movement. 

Seasonal Affects on Transport

Transport

Comments

From (month) to (month)

Primary Road Transport

Yes – limitations are to be expected due to freezing/low temperatures during winter months

November to February

Secondary Road Transport

Yes - limitations are to be expected due to freezing/low temperatures during winter months

November to February

Rail Transport

Yes - limitations are to be expected due to freezing/low temperatures during winter months

November to February

Air Transport

No

 

Waterway Transport

No

 

Seasonal Affects on Storage and Handling (economic, social, climate…)

Activity

Comments

From <month> to <month>

Storage

Yes -  Potential freezing of goods

November to February

Handling

No

  n/a

Other

 n/a  n/a

Ukraine’s temperate continental climate during spring summer and autumn may not affect storage and handling of goods. In winter months, liquids may need to be protected against freezing if this affects the quality of the stored goods. 

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

4.2.1 Ukraine Government Contact List

The State Emergency Service of Ukraine (SESU) is the central executive body responsible for the implementation of state policy in the area of civil protection, protection of population and territories from emergencies, prevention of emergencies, elimination of emergencies, rescue, firefighting, fire and labour safety, rescue and emergency service management, and hydro meteorological activity.
The SESU operates in the Government controlled area and is mainly focused assisting during natural disasters.

Humanitarian Community

A Humanitarian Response Plan for Ukraine has been launched, and in December 2014 the Cluster System was activated.

As of November 2015, eight clusters are present in the country: Education; Emergency Shelter & NFIs; Food Security; Health & Nutrition; Livelihoods / Early Recovery, Logistics; Protection and WASH.

Various humanitarian actors are operating in the field, including UN agencies, national and international NGOs, & international organizations.

As of 15 September 2015 there were 147 humanitarian actors are present in Ukraine with on-going projects:

On-going programs:

Humanitarian organizations present in Ukraine run their programmes focused to: