Somaliland Berbera Port Additional Information

Port Overview

Total number of vessels calling on the port of Berbera is as follows for the last 3 years:

 

Dhows

Ships

Total

% increase

2002

108

243

351

9 %

2003

104

287

391

10 %

2004

106

340

446

12 %

 

  • Approach to Berbera Port

From Red Sea towards South East.

From the Gulf States towards South West.

Approach channel 30m, 20m, 18m and 15m in leading line.

 

Local Time

GMT plus 3 hours all year round.

 

Usual Wind Direction

Morning:

Southwards from 220° degrees at approximately 20 knots.

Evening:

Northwards from 330° degrees at approximately 13 knots.

 

There are slight monthly variations except during the monsoon period of 15th June - 15th September.

The SW wind starts before midnight blowing very slowly until around noon the following day. It blows straight up the port resulting to wave action (1/2m waves). But, during the early afternoon and evening the water area of the port is calm.

 

Anchorage

Outer anchorage: 5 - 10 cables SW from lighthouse with good turning circle.

Inner anchorage: available.

 

Water Level

Fluctuates between 0.7 - 2.2m going high and low tide.

Maximum depth 12m (27 ft).

 

Navigational Aids

Mayag Lighthouse - SL 155 marine lantern with red lens, programmed to show a 2 second flash every 4 seconds.

Tamara Lighthouse:   available

Lighted Fairway buoys:   claimed available at entrance but visit indicates no longer available.

Lighted shallow water buoy:   claimed available but not verified

Lighted Channel buoys:   one on port side and other on starboard side but need repair

Leading Mark Towers:   Rear light - QR. Front light Oc R 4 s. Lights need repair.

 

Wharf / Berth

Linear wharf of 650m long with sufficient width.

5 liner berths of 125m each (nos. 1 to 5).

1 Ro-Ro berth of 25m long (no. 6).

The draft alongside wharf ranges from 9 to 12m (11m indicated)

 

The port can accommodate vessels up to 200m long.

There is a separate jetty for fuel imports with a direct link to petroleum depot.

 

Berthing priority arrangements are possible to obtain mainly for livestock carriers and huge humanitarian aid cargo, following the consignee's request.

 

Communications

24 hrs stand by radio operators on channel 16. Selected channels available for ship to shore or ship-to-ship voice traffic.

Direct international dialing/fax facilities available. GSM available for purchase between $5 to $20 per sim card and international dialing at approximately $1.50 per minute.

 

Pilotage

Compulsory for vessels over 200 NRT, with Pilot boats available for 24 hours.

Two small pilot boats are available although private boats can also be hired if required. There are two tugboats of which only one works both need replacement.

Discharge Rates

Link to relevant tariff/rates web page:   http://www.berbera.port.info

Pilotage fees

GT x US$ 0.04   per operation

Tug Services

GTx US$ 0.06   per operation

Mooring Services

Port Performance

Capacity

General Cargo   MT/month

Total handling capacity of the port

65,000

Monthly activity of the port

Approx.30,000

Current monthly use by WFP

Approx 1,000

Potential monthly use by WFP

N/A

Monthly use if augmented

Increases during   hunger months

 

REPUBLIC OF SOMALILAND                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BERBERA PORT AUTHORITY

VESSELS ARRIVED IN THE YEAR 2007 AS AGAINST 2008-2009

 

MONTH

DHOWS

SHIPS

TOTAL

2007

2008

2009

2007

2008

2009

2007

2008

2009

Jan

9

10

21

20

18

22

29

28

43

Feb

16

18

14

21

20

26

37

38

40

Mar

14

11

12

23

24

19

37

35

31

Apr

16

12

16

17

22

25

33

34

41

May

11

12

23

21

22

19

32

34

42

Jun

4

6

9

17

21

20

21

27

29

Jul

5

12

1

24

26

34

29

38

35

Aug

1

5

3

34

30

33

35

35

36

Sep

8

20

12

33

26

28

41

46

40

Oct

8

18

30

27

20

14

35

38

44

Nov

12

10

26

42

51

44

54

61

70

Dec

12

19

20

42

36

23

54

55

43

 

REPUBLIC OF SOMALILAND BERBERA PORT AUTHORITY SHIPPING DEPARTMENT CONTAINERS REPORT FOR THE YEARS 2008

MONTH

SIZE 20

SIZE 40

TEU

KGS

Jan

451

162

775

12,796,435

Feb

199

104

407

6,018,300

Mar

592

229

1,050

17,262,360

Apr

434

147

728

12,315,561

May

276

166

608

9,012,080

Jun

434

156

746

11,708,130

Jul

621

195

1,011

17,867,690

Aug

556

53

662

13,695,290

Sep

738

152

1,042

19,205,520

Oct

626

187

1,000

17,505,290

Nov

957

224

1,405

27,347,853

Dec

923

216

1,355

26,194,400

TOTAL

6,807

1,991

10,789

190,928,909

 

REPUBLIC OF SOMALILAND BERBERA PORT AUTHORITY SHIPPING DEPARTMENT CONTAINERS REPORT FOR THE YEARS 2009

MONTH

SIZE 20

SIZE 40

TEU

KGS

Jan

390

257

904

13,555,700

Feb

312

137

586

9,232,200

Mar

204

66

336

6,014,000

Apr

390

240

870

13,111,700

May

453

140

733

13,256,200

Jun

611

154

919

16,649,220

Jul

709

220

1,149

21,265,980

Aug

310

163

636

9,717,791

Sep

511

182

875

16,132,020

Oct

126

82

290

4,299,790

Nov

812

280

1,372

24,261,450

Dec

381

129

639

11,560

TOTAL

5,209

2,050

9,309

147,507,611

Operational Working Period

 

During the hot season (April - September)   :

18 hrs per day with 3 shifts.

During remaining season:

22 hrs per day (average).

Friday     :

generally no work. However, certain   groups of Port Authoritiesand Customs are available for the port operations.

Overtime :

whenever it is necessary.

In summer the operations start earlier due to frequent changes of water sea level, in order to gain time since the sea usually begins to roll at 10:00 hrs.

 

Shifts :

 

1st

07:00 hrs - 11:00 hrs,

2nd

14:00 hrs - 18:00 hrs,

3rd

19:00 hrs - 23:00 hrs,

 

23:00 hrs - 06:00 hrs (normally there are three shifts).

There are 3 groups of stevedores who are nominated to the vessel by the Port Authority.

The vessel's waiting time depends on berth availability, the readiness of documentation for cargo clearance, and the Customs and Port Authorities.

Port Maintenance and Repairs

Port workshops available for minor repairs to vessels and equipment. Workshop facilities include an undercover machine shop with lathes, shaping machines, milling machines, welding, carpentry and electrical shops with general vehicle repair and service facilities (most of the equipment observed were installed by the Russians and although equipment in place none was seen actually operational, general condition good).

Generators

2 x 160 KVA - Perkins diesel engine / owned by the Port.

1 x 300 KVA - Cummings diesel engine / supplied by UNDP.

They are used in scheduled shifts and provide power to the port for about 20 hours per day.

Weigh Bridge

Near the Port exit and administration/customs building; electronic digital weighbridge with 40-ton capacity, observed although not seen in use.

Ship Supplies

Fresh Water: supplied at commercial berths by mobile tankers. No water barge available.

Fuel: supplied at commercial berths by mobile tankers from oil terminal.

Fruits, Vegetables, Livestock Fodder: available from commercial sources through ship chandlers

 

Mooring Service (Rate per operation)

Charge (indicate currency)

Mooring, un-mooring or other similar service

US$ 76.50 mooring, US$76.50 unmooring

Port and Harbour dues

Vessel Description (rate = 100 GRT or part thereof

Charge (indicate currency)

All vessels other than those exempted

GT x US$ 0.08

Discharge Rates  

Discharges Rates (MT/Day)

Bulk

Bagged

to WFP warehouse

N/A

$2.5

to trucks

N/A

$3.5

to rail-wagons

N/A

N/A

to barges

N/A

$7.20

to bagging

N/A

-

 

Discharges Rates   (MT/Day)

Per hr in port/$

Per hr outside/$

Up to & including 5   tonne

5.80

11.60

Over 5 tonnes

8.40

16.80

Cranes up to 5 tonnes

18.10

36.20

Cranes over 5 tonnes

32.10

64.20

Cranes over 10 tonnes

49.30

98.05

Port Costs

Cargo Handling

 

 

 

 

Shift -   Week

18-22

hrs/day

3.50

US$

Shift -   Weekend

Closed Friday

hrs/day

3.50

US$

 

Other Costs

 

Cost for clearance

2

THC (Terminal Handling Charges)

7

Storage

0.4

Container Handling Costs 20 ft

100

Container Handling Costs 40 ft

200

  • There is a port tax charged to all vessels of $2 per tonne
  • Anchorage tax is charged at $0.7 per metre
  • Pilot fees up to 2000tons $75 per operation
  • Port dues for all vessels $200 per operation

Source: Port Manager, Engineer Ali Omer Mohamed

Dockage, Buoyage and Anchorage

Vessel Description (rate = per Meter/Hour)

Charge (indicate currency)

Vessels at quays, wharves or jetties

US$ 2.00 per meter per day

Vessels at buoys or Ro-Ro vessels berthed stern to quay

N/A

Vessels at anchorage; except at Port Convenience

US$ 0.70 per meter per day

Hire of Labour and Equipment

Service (Per hour of part thereof)

Charge (indicate currency)

Floating Crane, incl. of minimum crew and exclusive of towage

N/A

Mobile Crane more than 5 tonnes inclusive of driver

US$ 3.00 per MT

Mobile Crane less than 5 tonnes or equal inclusive of driver

US$ 3.00 per MT

VIP launch inclusive of crew

N/A

Pilot boat inclusive of crew

US$ 43.00 per trip

Fire appliance inclusive of minimum crew

N/A

Tipper truck or flatbed lorry inclusive of driver

N/A

Forklift or Tractor more than 5 tonnes inclusive of driver

US$ 3.00 per MT / US$ 50.00 per container

Forklift or Tractor less than 5 tonnes or equal of inclusive of driver

US$ 3.00 per MT / US$ 50.00 per container

Van, Pick-up or Saloon Car inclusive of driver

N/A

Management or supervisory staff

N/A

Skilled staff: e.g. Crane or Forklift Driver, Artisan, Firemen or Clerk

N/A

Semi-skilled staff: e.g. Labourers, Watchman

N/A

Shore Handling: Containerised Cargo  

There are approximately 5 shipping agents/companies available for operation in Berbera Somaliland.

All fees are generally negotiable and dependent on importer and on volume. Most of these have no storage facilities available although they will inform you that they can facilitate storage locally.

Generally due to lack of Port equipment and storage facilities the ships gear is used to offload directly onto lorries, which has already been cleared through customs by the agent or transporter. Goods are then taken to nearby storage facilities or transported to the final destination.

Charges vary on quantity and on destination but are normally as follows:

Charges

 

Ship to warehouse in area:

$14 per metric ton

Transported to other destination:

$0.13 - 0.17 per ton/km outside port town

Local transport

$2.5 per ton

Truck offloading

$2.5 per ton

Administration charges (c&f)

5% ad valorem

Re-bagging

1% ad valorem

Customs overtime

$0.2 per ton

Liners

free offloading

 

Charters

 

Hatch to shore

$3.5 per ton

Pier to truck

$3.5 per ton

Handling charges

$2.0 per ton

Source:   Yassin Shipping, Clearance & Contracting Co.

General Services

Service   (Per day of part thereof)

Charge (indicate currency)

Bagging plant operators, per unit of plant

N/A (WFP has current equipment placed in Berbera on contract agreement with portserv. 3 Units

Vacuvators, per unit of plant

N/A

Bunker Supplier (Total)

Price on Application

Bunker Agent

N/A

Barge operator, per barge

N/A

Fresh Water suppliers (road tankers)

US$ 6.00 per MT

Ship Contractors

N/A

Ship Chandlers

Not official

Safety equipment supplier & service

N/A

Marine Contractors

N/A

Scrap Metal Dealers

N/A

Ship Watchmen Supplier

Through shipping agent – US$ 32

Marine Engineer

N/A

Marine Surveyor

N/A

Ship Surveyor

N/A

CargoSurveyor

 

Sludge Collector

N/A

Small Boat Operator

N/A

Port Cargo Handling Equipment

PORT CARGO EQUIPMENT (OPERATIONAL)

Appliances

Quality

Capacity

Travelling cranes

N/A

 

Portal Electric cranes

N/A

 

Electric overhead electric cranes

N/A

 

Gantry container cranes

N/A

 

Mobile Cranes

5

15 MT up to 70 MT

Forklift Trucks

6

3 MT up to 15 MT

 

2

35 MT

Tractors

2

 

Fire engines

2

 

Container Facilities

All containers are loaded or unloaded be self contained container vessels with ship’s gear

General Cargo Handling Berths

All berths (1 to 5) are used for general cargo including loading livestock. Berth 6 RO/RO

General Cargo – Imports

Berths

Imports – Vehicles

1 to 5

RO/RO

6

Oil Handling Terminal

To west of main port

Bagging – Grain Handling

3 bagging machines (Richard Simon) currently in port area – owned and operated by Portserv

Conventional Cargo

Other Services

Charge (indicate currency)

Mail per bag, or ships stores per package

N/A

Returning empty bags

N/A

Repairs in the breakage room per package

N/A

Crated animals, per cubic meter of crate

N/A

Animals handled by sling

US$ 0.10 to   US$ 0.30 per   head (sheep, goats, cattle, camels)

Animals walked on/off board

US$ 0.10 to   US$ 0.30 per   head (sheep, goats, cattle, camels)

Hatch and other than standard freight

Stevedoring – Large Packaged Articles

Charge (indicate currency)

From 15 DWT to 20 DWT

USD 5/MT

From 20 DWT to 40 DWT

USD 8/MT

Over 40 DWT

USD 11/MT

 

Conventional Cargo   (Rate per tonne or part thereof)

Charge (indicate currency)

Direct discharge/loading of imports/exports

US$ 2.50 per MT

Crude Petroleum Oil Imports

US$ 2.50 per MT

Other Liquid Bulk Imports

US$ 2.50 per MT

Other Imports

N/A

Liquid Bulk Exports/Bunkering

On application

Other Exports

US$ 2.50 per MT

Containerized cargo

All below based on general cargo

Containerized Cargo Handling Charges

TEUs

FEUs

Discharge, loading, shifting within the hold or shifting on deck without landing

US$ 158

US$ 308

Containers handled via conventional ship

US$ 158

US$ 308

Containers handled on a Ro-Ro basis

US$ 158

US$ 308

Empty containers

On application

On Application

Transshipment containers, overland containers, containers shipped & re-landed or landed & re-shipped or shifted from hold to hold

On application

On application

 

Shore Handling charges

Charge (indicate currency)

Ten day removal charges, or transfer within the Port, or

transfer to Customs

On Application

Import Containers handled at the Inland Container Depots

On Application

Exports Containers handled at the Inland Container

Depots

On Application

 

Shore Handling Charges

TEUs

FEUs

Import containers

See 2.1.1.7.2 containerized cargo

 

Export containers

See 2.1.1.7.2 containerized cargo

 

Stripping and re-stuffing for customs verification

See 2.1.1.7.2 containerized cargo

 

Stripping and re-stuffing for un-nominated or shut out export cargo

See 2.1.1.7.2 containerized cargo

 

Stripping or re-stuffing of containers taken to customs warehouse

See 2.1.1.7.2 containerized cargo

 

Stripping or Stuffing of Containers

TEUs

FEUs

Stripping or stuffing

US$ 54

US$ 108

Stripping and re-stuffing transshipment cargo

US$ 2.50 per CM

US$ 2.50 per CM

Other container handling services

Other Container Handling Charges

TEUs

FEUs

Storage of import empty containers from two days after

US$ 0.40 warehouse

US$ 0.80 warehouse

Arrival of empty export containers from date of offloading

US$ 0.25 open area

US$ 0.50 open area

Storage of full import containers from date of arrival

After 15 days US$ 5 per day

US$ 10 per day