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4.1 Algeria Government Contact List

The three key structures of the Government of Algeria are the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary.

1) The Executive
The Executive branch consists of a President and a Prime Minister. The President is the Head of State and Head of Government, elected for a five-year term, and holds the Executive power as the Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. The President appoints the Prime Minister, who is constitutionally separated from the position of the Head of Government in the 2008 Constitutional Amendment. Appointed Ministers also support the President in the discharge of Executive function.

2) The Legislature
Algeria operates a Bicameral Legislature; the Council of the Nation and the National Peoples’ Assembly. While the former is the upper house, the latter is the low law making body. The Upper House known as the Council of Nations is made up of 144 members. Forty-eight (48) members; i.e. one third are appointed by the President while the remaining Ninety-Six (96) i.e. two-thirds are elected indirectly for six year term. The Lower House; the National Peoples’ Assembly consists of 462 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms. The Constitution requires half the Council of Nations to be renewed every three years. Algeria has 48 multi-member districts, corresponding to country's administrative units. There is also gender affirmative action in Algeria depending on area and location. On average 20% to 50% parties' list candidates must be women.

3) The Judiciary
The Supreme Court is the highest court and exercises oversight over the lower courts (appellate) and tribunals. There is also the State Council, which regulates activities of administrative jurisdictions. It is also concerned with judicial power and ensures unification of administrative Jurisprudence in the administrative district of the country and ensures respect of the law. The State Council, when joined with the High Court of Appeal, functions as the Supreme Court. Algeria also has a constitutionally mandated Court of Auditors that oversees compliance with state budget and financial management issues. The Constitutional Council ensures that the electoral process conforms to the constitution. It ensures, among others, the credibility of referendums, presidential and legislative elections.