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Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes

 n/a

Earthquakes

Yes

Earthquaketrack Website

Epidemics

Yes

Diphtheria, 1991-1997.  By 1995, a mass immunization strategy was adopted by the Government of Ukraine.

Epidemic Diphtheria in Ukraine - 1991–1997

Extreme Temperatures

Yes

Cold winters with reoccurring temperatures of -20°C

Meteorologyclimate Website

Flooding

Yes

Highest risks of flooding is found in the southern regions of the country. 

Map of Ukraine Flood Hazard Areas

Insect Infestation

Yes

Sugar beet pests – mainly beetles and flies living in the surface of soil used for cultivation.

Institute of Plant Protection UAAS

Mudslides

No

 n/a

Volcanic Eruptions

No

  n/a

High Waves / Surges

No

  n/a

Wildfires

Yes

During dry spells and high summer temperatures wild fires have been recorded in the Chernobyl area releasing radioactive agents

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn26933-rise-in-wildfires-may-resurrect-chernobyls-radiation/Newscientist Information on Chernobyl Radiation

High Winds

Yes

High winds have caused black outs and increase the spread of wild fires.

http://sputniknews.com/europe/20150330/1020191344.html

http://www.newstalk.com/Chernobyl-radiation-spreading-forest-fire-high-winds-Ukraine-disasterNewstalk Information on Chernobyl Radiation Spreading Forest Fires

Other Comments

 

n/a

n/a

Man-Made Issues

Yes 

 

Civil Strife

Yes

The origins of the current armed conflict were anti-government protests in 2013, which led to a change of government.

Following the Russian annexation of Crimea in April 2014, tensions erupted between pro-Russian and pro-Ukrainian groups.

Violent unrest has impacted the Donetsk and Luhansk regions for over a year. In areas that are no longer subject to violence, the remnants of war - such as land mines and other unexploded devices - continue to put the lives of civilians at risk.http://www.wfp.org/countries/ukraine

WFP Information on Ukraine

International Conflict

No

 n/a

Internally Displaced Persons

Yes

According to the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine more than 1,500 of internally displaced people were registered in October 2015

http://www.mlsp.gov.ua/labour/control/uk/publish/article?art_id=182667&cat_id=107177

Ukraine Ministry of Social Policy (information in Ukrainian only)

Refugees Present

Yes

http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/page?page=49e48d4d6&submit=GO#UNHCR Information for Ukraine

Landmines / UXO Present

Yes

Land mines have been used in the eastern part of Ukraine. There have been civilian casualties.

http://www.unicef.org/media/media_81398.html

http://www.globalprotectioncluster.org/_assets/files/field_protection_clusters/Ukraine/mine_action/IASC_GPC_2%20pager%20on%20MA%20needs.pdf

Other Comments

 

 

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details

Drought

  

Earthquakes

  

Epidemics

  

Extreme Temperatures

  

Flooding

  

Insect Infestation

  

Mudslides

  

Volcanic Eruptions

  

High Waves / Surges

  

Wildfires

  

High Winds

  

Other Comments

 

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

  

International Conflict

  

Internally Displaced Persons

  

Refugees Present

  

Landmines / UXO Present

  

Other Comments

 

UNICEF Information for Ukrine

Other Comments

n/a

n/a

 

For more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters:http://www.emdat.be/country-profile

Calamities and Seasonal Affects

Ukraine has a temperate continental climate with cold winters and warm summers. Heavy snow falls in winters may affect the transport movement. 

    

Seasonal Affects on Transport

Transport

Comments

From (month) to (month)

Primary Road Transport

 

Yes – expected during winter months cold snaps

November to February

Secondary Road Transport

 

Yes - expected during winter months cold snaps

November to February

Rail Transport

 

Yes - expected during winter months cold snaps

November to February

Air Transport

No

 

Waterway Transport

  

...

No

 
 

Seasonal Affects on Storage and Handling (economic, social,

climate...

climate…)

Activity

Comments

From <month> to <month>

Storage

Yes - 

Potential freezing of goods

November to February

Handling

 No

  n/a

Other

  n/a 

...

 n/a

Ukraine’s temperate continental climate during spring summer and autumn may not affect storage and handling of goods. In winter months, liquids may need to be protected against freezing if this affects the quality of the stored goods. 

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

REPLACE THIS TEXT with a 2 - 4 paragraph summary of the Government's capacity to respond to emergencies, including the agencies and ministries involved, their degree of involvement and cooperation with the humanitarian community.  Specify whether military and/or civil defence assets are currently used in relief operations: if regularly used, how; if not, why not; if the use of military and/or civil defence assets could be used in a potential emergency situation; if yes, how, and if not, describe the limitations (legal or other) preventing their use.

INSERT GOVERNMENT CONTACT LIST. Create the contact list by completing 'Annex 2.1: Government Contact List' template. Once saved, copy and paste the link directly into the correct section of the LCA.

Humanitarian Community

REPLACE THIS TEXT with a 3 - 5 paragraph narrative on the current humanitarian structure. Identify key agencies and describe on-going programmes. 

INSERT HUMANITARIAN CONTACT LIST. Create the contact list by completing 'Annex 2.2: Humanitarian Agency Contact List' template. Once saved, copy and paste the link directly into the correct section of the LCAhttp://dlca.logcluster.org/display/DLCA/4.2.1+Ukraine+Government+Contact+List

The State Emergency Service of Ukraine (SESU) is the central executive body responsible for the implementation of of state policy in in area of civil protection, protection of population and territories from emergencies, prevention of emergencies, elimination of emergencies, rescue, firefighting, fire and labour safety, rescue and emergency service management, and hydro meteorological activity.
The SESU operates on the Government controlled area and mainly focused assisting during natural disasters.

Humanitarian Community

A Humanitarian Response Plan for Ukraine has been launched and in December 2014 Cluster system was activated.

As of November 2015, eight clusters are present in the country: Education; Emergency Shelter & NFIs; Food Security; Health & Nutrition; Livelihoods / Early Recovery, Logistics Cluster; Protection and WASH.

Various humanitarian actors are operating in the field, including UN agencies, national and international NGOs, international organizations.

By 15 September 2015 there are 147 humanitarian actors are present in Ukraine with on-going projects:

  • 8 UN agencies (UNHCR, IOM, UNICEF, UNDP, WFP, WHO, OCHA, OHCHR) are active in the field
  • There are 103 national and 24 international NGOs
  • 6 International organizations, 3 Government and other organizations
  • Three organizations with highest volume of relief items delivery to the NGCAs are ICRC, Rinat Akhmetov Foundation and UN.

On-going programs:

Humanitarian organizations present in Ukraine run their programmes focused to:

  • Respond to the protection needs of displaced and other conflict-affected people, with due regard to international humanitarian norms and standards.
  • Provide life-saving assistance and ensure non-discriminatory access to quality essential services for displaced and other conflict-affected people, with emphasis on the most vulnerable.
  • Improve the access of displaced and conflict-affected people to high-impact early recovery activities with a focus on livelihoods opportunities, normalization of basic services, return and post-conflict reconciliation programming, with attention to reducing social inequalities.