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Syria Fuel

Reserves and Production
According to the Oil and Gas Journal, as of January 1st, 2009 Syria had 2.5 billion barrels of petroleum reserves

Since peaking in 1996 at 583,000 barrels per day (bbl/d), Syria’s crude oil production has been in decline
In 2008, crude oil production declined to 390,000 bbl/d

Total production in 2008, which includes crude and natural gas liquids (NGL), is estimated at 450,000 bbl/d
In 2008 Syria’s domestic consumption of petroleum products was 256,000 bbl/d, while net exports amounted to 192,000 bbl/d

The Syrian Petroleum Company (SPC), an arm of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources (MoPMR) is mandatd to manage the upstream oil production and development

The SPC has undertaken efforts to reverse the declining trend of oil production and exports by increasing oil exploration and production in partnership with foreign oil companies
Syria's largest foreign oil producer is Al Furat Petroleum Company, a joint venture established in 1985 which includes the Syrian Petroleum Company (SPC), Shell, India's Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, and the China National Petroleum Company (CNPC)

In 2008, Syrian net petroleum exports were estimated to be 192,000 bbl/d
All oil exports are marketed by Sytrol, a Syrian state oil marketing firm
According to 2008 OECD data an estimated 147,000 bbl/d of Syrian crude oil exports went to OECD European countries
Pipelines and Export Terminals
Most Syrian oil is moved by trucks and tankers
In April 2009, talks began between Syria and Iraq to repair and re-open the 800 km Kirkuk – Banias Oil Pipeline, from the oil fields in northern Iraq to the Syrian port of Banias
The Kirkuk – Banias Oil Pipeline, exports production from the fields in Northern Iraq, has been closed since 2003. At its peak, the line had a capacity of around 300,000 bbl/d
Syria has a developed domestic pipeline system for transporting crude and petroleum products managed by the Syrian Company for Oil Transportation (SCOT)
Pipelines include the 250,000-bbl/d, 550 km Tel Adas-Tartous crude line linking the SPC Tanganyika fields to the Port at Tartous and the refinery at Homs
SCOT manages 3 Mediterranean oil export & import terminals.
The Port of Baniyas (7 berths) and the Port of Tartous (2 berths) are the principal ports and the Port of Lattakia handles smaller cargos
All these terminals are connected to refineries through the domestic pipeline network

According to the Oil and Gas Journal, as of January 2009, Syria's total refining capacity approximatly 240,000 bbl/d
Syria's two state-owned refineries are located at Baniyas and Homs, which refine 133,000 bbl/d and 107,000 bbl/d, respectively
Syria’s refineries produce a surplus of heavier products, including fuel oil, but fail to meet demand for lighter products, including distillates
Syria plans to upgrade both refineries to process heavier crudes and replace output of fuel oil with lighter products to meet European Union standards for fuel imports
The Syrian Company for the Distribution of Petroleum Products (Mahrukat) manages all aspects of marketing of Syrian oil products, including the majority of gasoline retail outlets
In May 2008, the GoS increased the price of diesel by 238% which resulted in a 61% increase in transport costs
The GoS also decreed that all trucks in transit at Syrian boarders should pay the difference in cost of 650 litres of diesel at the international rate
This amount represents the difference between the local and international fuel rates (i.e. the local cost is SYP 7 per liter, while the international rate is SYP 49 per liter), therefore, the payment will be (49 – 7 = 42 x 650 = SYP 27,300 (US $440) per truck)
However, in April 2009 the government reduced the diesel price by 20% which resulted in a logistics cost reduction of 25 – 30%


Annex 2 

For information on Fuel related issues in Syria, please select the following link: Syria Fuel Additional Information

4.2.1 Syria Government Contact List

Annex 4.2.7 6 Syria Fuel Provider Contact List


Standards Authority

Is there a national or regional standards authority? (Yes / No)


If yes, are the standards adequate/properly enforced? (Yes / No)


Testing Laboratories

Are there national testing laboratories? (Yes / No)


Fuel Quality Testing Laboratory – n/a





Telephone and Fax




Standards Used



Note: For further information on Fuel related issues in Syria, please select the following link:

Syria Fuel Additional Information