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Mobile broadband penetration (3G) is estimated at approximately 30%, mainly in urban areas, because most of Mozambique’s inhabitants (up to 70%) live in rural areas where high costs and low returns make it commercially unattractive for mobile operators to roll out mobile broadband services. However, new entrant Movitel has been rolling out its network aggressively in rural areas and already offers 3G-based voice services and broadband, ( though to a small extent).

4G services are not yet available.

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Factors such as poor network quality, a lack of standardized standardised network specifications, high backbone network pricing, unbalanced spectrum charging mechanisms and a wide range of economic factors have resulted in a lack of infrastructure sharing, duplication of backbone networks and a lack of investment in telecommunications networks in rural areas to provide voice and broadband services.

Further reform of the legal and regulatory framework is underway to increase competition, strengthen sector governance, reorganize reorganise state-owned operating companies, and extend services to all.

For more information on telecoms contacts, please see the following link: HQ staff will input a link to section 4.11 8 Additional Services Contact List here.

 

Telephone Services

Is there an existing landline telephone network?

Yes

Does it allow international calls?

Yes  

Number and Length of Downtime Periods (on average)

 Downtime periods are rare.

Mobile Phone Providers

  • Mcel
  • Vodacom
  • Movitel

Approximate Percentage of National Coverage

80%-90% dial-up connection.
Only 30%-35% mobile broadband penetration.

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Regulations on Usage and Import

 

Regulations in Place?

Regulating Authority

Satellite

 Yes

INCM

HF Radio

Yes

INCM

Ordinary licence required.

Import regulation not applicable.

UHF/VHF/HF Radio: Handheld, Base and Mobile

Yes

INCM

Ordinary licence required.

Import regulation not applicable.

UHF/VHF Repeaters

Yes

INCM

Ordinary licence required.

Import regulation not applicable.

GPS

No

 

VSAT

Yes

INCM

Ordinary licence required.

Import regulation not applicable.

Individual Network Operator Licenses Required

 

Frequency Licenses Required

It is necessary to obtain authorization authorisation from the National Institute of Telecommunications , to obtain a frequency license for all type of communications (VSAT, HF, VHF).

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Internet connectivity is available in most of the country, mainly through mobile service providers. In dense urban areas, there is an increased utilization utilisation of fibre optic connections. 4G connections are not yet available. A wide range of private companies is are able to provide internet services.

Internet Service Providers

Are there ISPs available?

Yes: TVCabo, Mcel/Teledata, Movitel, Vodacom.

If yes, are they privately or government owned?

Private and state-owned

Dial-up only?

No

Fibre optics exist in urban areas, and/or VSat.

Approximate Rates (local currency and USD - $)

Dial-up

 n.n/a.

Broadband

 

Max Leasable ‘Dedicated’ Bandwidth

 15 GB

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For information on MNOs please visit the GSM Association website.

  


Company


Number of Agent Outlets by Area

Network Strength by Area


Contracted for Humanitarian or Government Cash Transfer

Programmes?

Services Offered

(i.e. Merchant Payment,

Bulk Disbursement,

Receive & Make Payment)

Mcel

 

27%

No

Yes (MKesh)

Vodacom

26%

Yes

Yes (MPesa)

Movitel

47%

No

Yes (e-Mola)

 

 

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