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Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Yes / No

Comments / Details


YesSierra Leone’s dependence on slash-and-burn practices coupled with rising population density and lack of available land,
make traditional methods of agriculture unsustainable in the long term, as within this system, land needs to lie fallow for some seven years.



15 years ago   4.4 magnitude, 10 km depth

Koindu, Eastern Province, Sierra Leone


YesEbola outbreak in 2014/15, Measles, Malaria, Yellow fever, Cholera, Lassa fever, Dengue fever, Typhoid fever

Extreme Temperatures



YesDuring the rainy season

Insect Infestation

YesRice stem borers


YesDuring the rainy season

Volcanic Eruptions


High Waves / Surges

YesWith 402 km of coastline on the Atlantic Ocean, high waves should always be taken into consideration as a potential risk.


YesWild or bush fires are one of the biggest causes of forest destruction and land degradation in the country.

High Winds

YesSand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to February).

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

YesFrom 1991 to 2002

International Conflict

YesWith Liberia and Sierra Leone during the civil strife

Internally Displaced Persons

NoAt the present, there are no IDPs in the country.

Refugees Present

YesApproximately 690 Liberian refugees

Landmines / UXO Present



For more a detailed database on disasters in Sierra Leone, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters Database