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The Solomon Islands is a country in Melanesia, east of Papua New Guinea. There are approximately 992 islands of which 157 are inhabited. The landscape is made up mostly of rugged hills and mountains with some low coral atolls. The islands stretch 1448 kilometres in a south-easterly direction from the Shortland Islands, on the border with Papua New Guinea, to the Santa Cruz Islands, which borders with Vanuatu. Sitting in a geologically active region there are frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity. There is also risk from cyclones and tsunamis.