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Kyrgyz Republic (official country name since 2011, formerly - Kyrgyzstan) is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. The Tian Shan mountain range makes up 80% of the nation and mountains, glaciers, alpine lakes and deep valleys dominate the landscape. 94% of the country is 1,000 m above sea level, with an average elevation of 2,750 m.


The Kyrgyz Republic has been a full member of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) since
August 2015. The immediate outcome was an increase in imports, but this has not been matched by an increase in exports. Economic growth is evident mainly in urban areas, driven by the expanding service, housing and construction sectors.


Inflation (CPI) is projected to be about 10.6 percent (2020). World Bank simulations reveal that inflation is the major factor that affects poverty rate.

Basic Facts

Source / Year:



Population1,012,500 (2019 est)


Official languages Kyrgyz and Russian  (1999 census)

Ethnic groups

Kyrgyz 73.3%, Uzbek 14.6%, Russian 5.6%, Dungan 1.1%, other 5.4% (includes Uyghur, Tajik, Turk, Kazakh, Tatar, Ukrainian, Korean, German) (2019 est.)  

2015 CIA World Factbook


75% - Muslim; 20% - Russian Orthodox; 5% - other

2015 CIA World Factbook 

Country size (comparison)

About half of the size of Sweden  (2012)

Population density (map)

26 per km²

Border countries

China 1,063 km, Kazakhstan 1,212 km, Tajikistan 984 km, Uzbekistan 1,314 km. Total: 4,573 km.

2015 CIA World Factbook


Cotton, wool, meat, tobacco; gold, mercury, uranium, , hydropower; machinery; shoes, garments

2015 CIA World Factbook


Oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs

2015 CIA World Factbook

Agricultural products

Tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries; sheep, goats, cattle, wool

2015 CIA World Factbook

Generic Information


Find the country in the generic links below:


Economist Intelligence Unit

Humanitarian Info


World Food Programme

Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

Facts and Figures


Wolfram Alpha: