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Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Hazards

Type

Occurs

Comments / Details

Drought

Yes

Periodic droughts, especially during years with El Nino weather phenomenon.

Earthquakes

No

Unlikely

Epidemics

Yes

High population density in informal settlements, low health care regime in such areas. Limited early alert and prevention mechanisms.

Extreme Temperatures

Yes

High temperatures common in the arid northern regions.

Flooding

Yes

Localised flooding in low-lying areas, often occupied by informal settlements.

Insect Infestation

No


Mudslides

No


Volcanic Eruptions

No


High Waves / Surges

Yes

Seasonal occurence along the south-western coastline during winter months (June to August).

Wildfires

Yes

Two fire seasons, during dry summer months (December to February) in the Western Cape, during dry winter months (June to August) rest of the country.

High Winds

Yes

During winter months (June to August) in the Western Cape, during November in the Western Cape (locally known as the South-Easter / Cape Doctor) average wind speed 160 km/h.

Other Comments

N/A

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

Yes

Civil unrest may occur as result of benefits negotiation disputes between employers and labour unions (approx. April for para-statals), service delivery protest against government structures, or other socio-economic issues.

International Conflict

No


Internally Displaced Persons

No


Refugees Present

Yes

Refugees from many African countries, 273,488 (documented) refugees and asylum seekers, of whom 84% come from sub-Saharan Africa.

Landmines / UXO Present

No


Other Comments

Road transport susceptible to disruption due to prevalence of foreign truck driver labour and xenophobic violence.

For a more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disasters.

Seasonal Effects on Logistics Capacities

Seasonal Effects on Transport

Transport Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Primary Road Transport

N/A


Secondary Road Transport

N/A


Rail Transport

N/A


Air Transport

N/A


Waterway Transport

N/A


Some seasonal impact to primary and secondary transport may occur during citrus export season in Durban and Port Elizabeth, during deciduous and avocado export season in Cape Town and Port Elizabeth. The impact may be greatly attributed to delays in truck turnaround at terminals as result of terminal congestion. Further impact may also occur during late November to December and possibly early January due to demands for festive season supply deadline and some operators closing or scaling down for end of breaks.

Seasonal Effects on Storage and Handling

Activity Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Storage

N/A


Handling

N/A


Other

N/A


Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

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