- Any person or organisation shipping or handling dangerous goods for any reason should be able to clearly identify DG using the appropriate labelling.
- The hazardous material contained within the packaging defines the labelling required.
- Labelling should be easy to read and clearly visible on the outermost outer packing or overpacking, and should be affixed on the side/top of the carton, ideally near the shipping label.
- Mixed or consolidated packages of more than one type of hazardous material must contain proper labelling for each type of dangerous goods. NEVER mix or consolidate hazardous materials into a single package that might react with each other in any way.
- For storage: If at all possible, cartons containing DG should be stored in a manner that makes them easy to access and identify, meaning that the labels should remain visible at all times.
- For transport: If DG containers are palletised, pallets containing DG items should also be clearly labelled on the outside of the pallet wrapping or binding.
- For transport: Each label type must meet the size and colour requirements defined by ICAO and IATA, IMO, or other regulatory body relevant to the mode of transpirationtransportation.
UN Number – Cartons or containers used for transporting DG items should clearly indicate the correct corresponding UN number.
In contexts where placard use is not regulated or enforced, humanitarian agencies should endeavour to still place placards where safe and appropriate. There is no one accepted guidance on placard usage, but as a general rule, any time the cumulative aggregate weight of DG on any one vehicle exceeds 500 kg, then vehicles should be properly marked. Additionally, long term storage locations containing DG should also be clearly placarded.
Common Issues with Storage and Transport
- The air inside aircraft is rapidly recirculated, and any potentially hazardous fumes or smoke can harm crew members quickly.
- Fires spread quickly inside aircraft, and crews have limited space and reaction times.
- Energetic explosive events, or projectile objects can harm essential crew or depressurise a cabin causing serious or fatal accidents.
The IMO “Dangerous Goods Declaration” (DGD) is a standard, industry wide excepted accepted form for properly declaring dangerous goods as they are loaded onto a seaborne vessel. DGDs should be submitted with regular paperwork – such as a packing list – as well as being stored alongside the DG cargo itself. DGDs may not be the only dangerous goods declaration forms used by transporters – some shipping lines maintain their own DG declaration standards, especially if they operate using domestic inland waterways. Irrespective of the form used, DGDs must be filled out and signed by someone who is fully authorised and authorised and certified to do so.
Possible UN IDs
Sealed lead acid
UN3028, UN2800, UN3090
Refillable lead acid
Live infectious substances
|Different size packaging may be restricted for different modes of transport.|
UN1908, UN1748HTH Calcium Hypochlorite
UN1748, UN2208, UN2880
|UN1748, UN2208, UN2880|
HTH Calcium Hypochrloite
Alcohol bases hand sanitiser
Chlorine based cleaning solutions
Diesel / Gas oil
Aviation Fuel/A-1 jet fuel
Mechanical Equipment and Fluids
UN3166, UN3171, UN1202, UN2800
UN3528, UN3529, UN3530, UN3166
Building Related materials
Templates and Tools
Sites and Resources
 ICAO Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air, 2020-2021 Edition, 1-3-2