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Afghanistan

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logistics infrastructure is precarious. Afghanistan’s mountainous terrain, extreme weather conditions, its land locked status and its poor infrastructure present particular challenges to the effective humanitarian logistics and efficient conveyance of goods and people. In addition, after more than a quarter century . After nearly four decades of conflict and repeated environmental calamities, Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world. Its human development indicators rank at or near the bottom among developing countries with extremely high levels of poverty and deprivation, especially among the rural population. Decades of chronic political instability have undermined the development of modern and democratic structures of governance, market and community. Logistics infrastructure remains at a premature stage with little to no private foreign investments in the sector.
In spite of the physical and conflict related challenges, the local private sector is managing to cope up and develop. On its part the government is also trying to undertake various projects (Road, Rail, Air) with the assistance of the international community to improve the current infrastructure and facilitate better access. The Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation is accountable for the strategy and the planning of air, road and railway transport.
The security situation is the one of the main factors affecting the overall logistics capacity. Security restrictions and/or areas inaccessibility are unpredictable and this needs to be considered in any logistics planning. Inaccessibility can be determined by ongoing conflicts and/or mines presence on the roads.
Truck companies might have restrictions to reaching some unsecured areas and transhipment to local trucks might be required.
Security is to be considered also for storage planning; limitations in storage and prepositioning options are a direct consequence of volatile security situation.

Planned infrastructures

Afghanistan, being in a strategic position for supply routes in the continent, is been considered for the development of regional infrastructures, through planned private and institutional international community investments.
It is not possible to predict when the planned infrastructures will be achieved.

Research material:
https://sites.google.com/site/indianoceancommunity1/trans-asian-highway
http://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/TAR%20map_1Nov2016.pdf