Livestock is the main export cargo with main destinations being Saudi Arabia, Yemen and UAE. Therefore exports were affected by the Gulf States' livestock import ban of 1998 and 2000 that is still in force. It was reported by the Ports Authority that losses due to year 2000 livestock ban amount to about 60% of revenue, 70% of labour (including casual labour) and 8% of inflation. Livestock market starts in mid/late June and peaks in November/December. Livestock trade contributes 60-65% to the national economy. About 60% of the population' livelihood depends either directly or indirectly on the livestock and its products. Imports through the port of Berbera are destined for Somaliland, Ethiopia, North Eastern Somalia and parts of Southern Somalia.
For more generic information on Berbera Port, please select the following document:
Mobile cranes with pedestals are used to discharge general cargo unless ro-ro at berth no.6 in which case forklifts offload on pallets if available or onto trailers. Geared vessels preferential.
Bulk cargo: Bagging facilities available for hire, generally at 1 % of value although negotiable.
Break bulk cargo: Discharged by ship's gear generally directly to consignee transport or via mobile cranes or stevedores on chargeable basis.
Containerized cargo: 20ft and 40ft FLC discharged by ship's gear onto berth with one 40ft forklift available. No specific berth is assigned. As per the Port staff, only 2 vessels can be efficiently handled at one time.
There are no shore cranes at the port; mobile cranes are available for hire at the following charges.
Cargo Handling Equipment
No fixed port cranes. No vacuvators and silo facilities. Bagging facilities available for hire on request.
This is available although currently not a main part of the port activities as mostly offloaded directly to consignee. Two transit shed/warehouses are available in the port area with a total area of 5,760 sqm. This is divided into 2 covered sheds of which one seems very busy and generally full time occupied. Total capacity between the two is approximately 120,000 metric tons although this is based on measurements with very high ceilings and no indoor crane facilities to stack that high. Local traders occupy one store since 1996, while the second one is available to port customers.
The latter can be used for maximum of 14 days free of charge, with a special agreement with Ethiopian goods in transit up to 1 month free of charge; thereafter, storage rent is charged that is higher than the storage charges outside the port with commercial enterprises. Open port storage is also available with 20,000 square metres space used for containers. Approximately 10+ containers were observed during visit only.
Available Storage (covered): 2 - 5,750 sqm or 120,000 mtn total