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The Solomon Islands is a country in Melanesia, east of Papua New Guinea. There are approximately 992 islands of which 157 are inhabited. The landscape is made up mostly of rugged hills and mountains with some low coral atolls. The islands stretch 1448 kilometres in a south-easterly direction from the Shortland Islands, on the border with Papua New Guinea, to the Santa Cruz Islands, which borders with Vanuatu. Sitting in a geologically active region there are frequent earthquakes, tremors, and volcanic activity. There is also risk from cyclones and tsunamis.

The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later.   Ethnic violence in the late 90’s early 2000’s led to instability in the country.  At At the request of Prime Minister Sir Allan Kemakez the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) began in 2003 to help restore law and order and economic stability in the country.

GDP – $668 million (2009 World Bank est.), of which agriculture contributes approximately 42%.   Solomon Islands's human development index is 0.494, which gives the country a rank of 123 out of 169 countries.  The The Solomon Islands rely heavily on imports of food, fuel, manufactured goods, plant and equipment.

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