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One of the main issues raised by managers of private companies was labor education & training. With high rate of youth unemployment there are no problems of unskilled labor shortage but the lacking of education and training in a country of Angola dimension (, being the third largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa) , this issue is of pivotal importance. See

See UNESCO website and supporting data for this view - https://en.unesco.org/countries/angola

Absenteeism is also an issue often raised by local press associated to low quality of services. Incentives for transport, health costs or based on productivity probably easier to be introduced in private sector still a problem in the public institutions. And this is subject is important since large segments of the economy are managed by the Government controlled companies.

Angola needs to increase investment in human capital, pursue economic diversification to reduce economic vulnerability in order to graduate to middle-income status by 2021 …. http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/country-notes/angola2021  AFRICAN ECONOMIC OUTLOOK

Business Environment

https://en.portal.santandertrade.com/establish-overseas/angola/business-environmentSantander Trade - Business Environment

Government and business are inextricably linked in Angola. Political interference is reportedly prevalent in many areas of the business environment. The Government has signalled its intention to address this, and the push towards privatization of some of the larger state-owned business should help to curtail this interference…..

Angola currently ranks 181st out of 189 economies in the World Ease of Doing Business Index.”

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/overseas-business-risk-angola/overseas-business-risk-angolaUK Government - Overseas Business Risk

Logistics Infrastructure

According to World Bank Angola is one of the most challenging countries when it comes to trade facilitation in logistics see table below.

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Topics

DB 2018 Rank

DB 2018 DTF

DB 2017 DTF info_outline

Change in DTF (% points)

Overall

175

41.49

40.11

 1.38

Starting a Business

134

80.09

79.67

 0.42

Dealing with Construction Permits

80

68.80

66.51

 2.29

Getting Electricity

165

44.08

40.84

 3.24

Registering Property

172

40.86

40.64

 0.22

Getting Credit

183

5.00

5.00

..

Protecting Minority Investors

81

55.00

55.00

..

Paying Taxes

103

69.54

69.98

 0.44

Trading across Borders

180

25.28

17.22

 8.06

Enforcing Contracts

186

26.26

26.26

..

Resolving Insolvency

168

0.00

0.00

..

http://www.doingbusiness.org/data/exploreeconomies/angola#getting-electricityDoing Business - Angola Getting Electricity

Ports

The ports of Angola received 5,735 million tons of cargo in 2016 down -2,802 million tons if compared with the previous year. Still, remains the main logistics structure for imports of cargo in Angola.

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Angola's rail network is still being refurbished. An ambitious plan has been adopted with a view to interconnecting the three existing networks, linking them up with neighbouring countries, merging the three existing state-owned companies, separating the rail transport management company from the infrastructure management company and putting the operation of lines out to concession. The plan is still awaiting implementation. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s321_sum_e.pdf World Trade Organisation Angola

Roads

Roads and bridges links are one of the main bottlenecks for the development of the road transport industry. The condition of the roads and bridges ranges between fair and bad therefore, increasing the freight cost and the difficulty in getting access of foreigner currency for imports of spare parts or replacement of the truck fleet, forces the companies with national coverage to concentrate their efforts in high profitable cargo such as fuel transportation, containerized cargo (specially reefers) in detriment to general dry cargo food products.   Development of the road transport sector is hampered by ongoing infrastructure refurbishment work, and the sector is largely informal and domestic in nature. A modern regulatory framework has been adopted, involving the award of quota-free licences based on quality criteria, and road transport agreements are being negotiated with neighbouring countries. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tpr_e/s321_sum_e.pdfWorld Trade Organisation Angola

Air Transport

There is relatively little competition in the air transport sector. The dominant position of the national carrier TAAG will keep on going however this is not the issue of concern but safety.

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While bringing a foreigner cargo flight and crew to support humanitarian cargo flights does not appear to be problematic set up of logistics structures to accommodate transit cargo nearby the airstrips may become costly.

Other reading webs

https://www.google.co.ao/search?q=angola+CCG+2017+final&oq=angola+CCG+2017+final&aqs=chrome..69i57j69i60j69i64.25050j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/transportation-logistics/publications/africa-infrastructure-investment/assets/angola.pdfGoogle Search - Angola CCG 2017

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