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Table of Contents

Disasters, Conflicts and Migration

Natural Disasters

Type

Occurs

Comments / Details

Drought

NO

 

Earthquakes

YES

Small entity; no recent history

Epidemics

YES

Polio and rougeole, now endemic, not completely under control, especially in remote areas, yellow fever, malaria, fall army worm. Cases of Monkey pox detected

Extreme Temperatures

NO

 

Flooding

YES

Frequent associated to heavy rains in the main Cities

Insect Infestation

YES

Mosquitos and chenille du mais

Mudslides

YES

In certain areas

Volcanic Eruptions

NO

 

High Waves / Surges

NO

 

Wildfires

YES

In forest areas mainly caused by humans for agricultural purposes

High Winds

NO

 

Other Comments

 

Man-Made Issues

Civil Strife

YES

Civil wars in 1993 and between 1997 and 98; Conflict in the Pool region from 2016 until present

International Conflict

YES

Foreign troops from Angola intervened in the 1997-98 war

Internally Displaced Persons

YES

81000 as of May 2017 as direct consequence of the conflict in the Pool region

Refugees Present

YES

From RCA, Rwanda and DRC

Landmines / UXO Present

N/A

 

Other Comments

 

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For a more detailed database on disasters by country, please see the Centre for Research on Epidemiology of Disastershttp://www.emdat.be/country-profile

Seasonal Effects on Logistics Capacities

Seasonal Effects on Transport

Transport Type

Time Frame

Comments / Details

Primary Road Transport

Usable all year

National Route (Routes Nationals, RN) 1 and RN2

Secondary Road Transport

Difficult to use during rainy season

Most of the Departmental Routes (Routes Departementales) RD)

and some of the RN

Rail Transport

No seasonal constrains

Currently limited due to upheavals in the Pool region

Air Transport

No seasonal constrains

 

Waterway Transport

Limited during the dry season

The Sangha and Ubangui rivers are difficult to navigate from Dec-June.

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The main UN agencies and NGOs preposition stock at departmental level each year in order to avoid an Interruption of the supply chain in case of acces problems.

Capacity and Contacts for In-Country Emergency Response

Government

The main institution responsible for intervention during emergencies is the ministry for Social Affairs, Humanitarian Action and Solidarity through their Directorate-General for Humanitarian Action. Concerning epidemics, the Ministry of Health has the overall government responsibility to respond.

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For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Republic of the Congo Government Contact List.

Humanitarian Community 

The operational response during emergencies, such as the recent Mpila emergency, has been coordinated by UNDP, with other UN agencies playing a big role. During epidemics, the UN System has been led by WHO and FAO. UNICEF, UNWFP and UNHCR coordinate the emergency actions every time by supplying food assistance to mother and children (UNICEF) and displaced population (WFP).

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