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Humanitarian Info

Cameroon still faces serious challenges in achieving Zero Hunger and eradicating malnutrition by 2030 as required by Sustainable Development Goal 2. The country ranks ranked 111 out of 171 in the 2018 Human Development Index and 39 percent of its people live under the poverty line. 

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As a result of multiple shocks and stresses, including pressure from insecurity and displacement, the overall food security situation sharply deteriorated since 2015. In March 2019, 3 million person were concern faced by food insecurity. 

Chronic malnutrition remains a public health issue, with 32 percent of children under 5 suffering from stunting. The prevalence of stunting is above the national average in Far North (42%), North (34%), Adamaoua (38%) and East (36%).  

For NW and SW 37 percent 37% of the total population is food insecure, of which 8 percent 8% is severely food  iinsecure. The total population in food insecurity represents about 1.5 million people of which 900,000 in the North-West region and 600,000 in the South-West region. 

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  • The 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan for Cameroon was launched on 20 February. The response to the crisis in the North-west and South-West will aim to assist 820,000 people, targeting five times more people than the 2018 Emergency Response Plan.  
  • The situation in February further deteriorated as violence and ‘lockdowns’ compounded humanitarian challenges. 
  • Schools and Hospitals hospitals were particularly affected by incidents of kidnapping and arson. 
  • The humanitarian situation has fastdeterioratedfast deteriorated, with 1.3 million people need of assistance.  
  • Insecurity has forced around 440,000 people to flee their homes. More than 380,000 people need shelter, and some 418,000 people NFI assistance.   
  • An estimated 3,000 children suffering from life-threatening severe acute malnutrition require urgent treatment. 
  • There is a high risk of a rapid increase in new HIV infections due to ARV supply disruption. 
  • About 3,700 unaccompanied or separated children need urgent psycho-social care and reunification. 
  • Access for humanitarian actors to reach the most vulnerable, and for affected population to needed services, remains difficult. 
  • In February, WFP provided food for 17,000 IDPs in Meme andManyudivisions in South-West region.  
  • Humanitarian partners provided shelters to 23,635 people, and 100,150 received household items.

Sources: Cameroon World Food Programme Information; and Humanitarian Response 

Facts and Figures

Basic facts 

Capital 

Yaoundé 

Language 

French / English - two official languages 

Ethnic groups 

+200 ethnic groups: Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, North-western Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1% 

Religions 

Roman Catholic 38.4%, Protestant 26.3%, other Christian 4.5%, Muslim 20.9%, animist 5.6%, other 1%, non-believer 3.2% (2005 est.) 

Country size (comparison) 

475,440

km2

km2 (472,710

km2

km2 land / 2,730

km2

km2 water) 

1,206 km from North to South and 717 km from East to West 

Land use: 

Agricultural land: 20.6% (2011 est.)  

Forest: 41.7% (2011 est.)  

Other: 37.7% (2011 est.)  

Population density

The population is estimated

to

at 25,159,961 in 2019. 

  • 53.24 Inhabitants per square meter 
  • population growth 2.6 
  • Urban population 56.4 

Source: http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/cameroon-population/ 

Life expectancy at birth:  

Total population: 59.4 years (male: 58 years, female: 60.9 years) 2018 estimate 

Country comparison to the world: 210 

Median age:  

Total: 18.6 years (male: 18.5 years, female: 18.7 years) 2018 estimate 

Country comparison to the world: 208  

Age structure:  

  • 0-14 years: 42.15% (male 5,445,142 /female 5,362,166) 
  • 15-24 years: 19.6% (male 2,524,031 /female 2,502,072) 
  • 25-54 years: 31.03% (male 4,001,963 /female 3,954,258) 
  • 55-64 years: 3.99% (male 499,101 /female 524,288) 
  • 65 years and over: 3.23% (male 384,845 /female 443,099)  

Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cm.html 

Border countries 

In the East: Central African Republic (901 km), Chad (1,116 km), and Republic of the Congo (494 km).  

In the South: Equatorial Guinea (183 km) and Gabon ( 349 km) 

In the North and West: Nigeria (1,975 km) 

Coastline represent 402 km 

GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$) 

$ 1,370 (2017 estimate) 

Source:

 https://databank.worldbank.org/data/views/reports/ 

World Bank

Exchange rate 

20191 USD = 583.87 FCFA 

Fixed rate EURO - F CFA: 1 Euro = 655,957 F CFA 

Source: https://www.oanda.com/currency/converter/ 

Time Zone (GMT +/-) 

GMT + 1 

Currency 

FCFA (XAF) 

Telephone dialling code 

+ 237 

Driving (left / right) 

Right 

Cameroon Wolfram Alpha Information

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