The port foundation is traced back more than a hundred years, and the current place, a linear wharf of 300 meters, was established in 1968 by Soviet Union and expanded to a 350 meters linear wharf in 1984 by United States of America. Since then the port has developed numerous properties as well as constructions.
The Port's task hasn’t changed over the years but its scope of services has expanded considerably. The port contributed significantly in the development of the Somaliland community.
For more generic information on Berbera Port, please select the following document: Somaliland Berbera Port Additional Information
Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately.
Port Location and Contacts
Province or District
Town or City (Closest location) with Distance (km)
Name: Berbera (1 km) and Hargeisa (160 km)
Port's Complete Name
|10° 26' 00" N|
|45° 01' 00" E|
Managing Company or Port Authority (If more than one operator, break down by area of operation)
|Berbera Port Authority (Somaliland Government)|
Management Contact Person
Berbera port Manager:
Deputy port Port Manager:
Closest Airport and Frequent Airlines to / from International Destinations
Berbera Airport (7 km) Hargeisa Airport (160 km)
Berbera Port – Performance (2012)
Container Traffic (TEUs)
Discharge Rates and Terminal Handling Charges
Berbera Port - Berthing Specifications
Type of Berth
Maximum Draft (m)
9 m at low tide, and 13 m at high tide
Available alongside quay through hoses. Rate: 15 – 20 tons per hour
- Doubling the current container handling from six to twelve moves per hour is well within the realm of possibility. Acquisition of more materials handling equipment in conjunction with more efficient procedures could drastically improve vessel turn around and reduce time in port. This opens up the port for increased vessel traffic and reduces shipping costs to Berbera.
- The main port equipment and facilities include the Mayara and Tamara lighthouses at the entry of the port.
- Cargo handling equipment (10 x mobile cranes (70 mt), 2 x forklifts of 32 mt).
- Storage warehouses: Total area 5,760 m² with storage capacity up to 120,000 mt, open storage (64,000 m²) is available plus a container storage yard.
- In 2014 Berbera Port Authority initiated a major plan to expand the dry port by compacting an area of 700 m x 300 m and placing asphalt in which will be handled for containers as an additional container terminal. The construction is still ongoing and so far the authority has managed to accomplish 300 m x 100 m out of the planned development. The plan is to complete the new terminal by the end of July 2016.
The port currently only accommodates 35,000 tons
- The expansion of the Port of Berbera could cost more than $65 million. Ali Omar Mohamed, in charge of the Port of Berbera, recently stated that he imagines the port becoming 20 meters (22 yards) deep compared to its current 11.5 to 12 meters depth. At 20 meters, the port could accommodate the world’s largest container ship, weighing 300,000 tons. The expansion of the port is very much a documented expectation for the future of Somaliland (see the National Development Plan 2012-2016), but attracting private investors into the port remains an ongoing process.
Berbera Port – Handling Equipment
10 – 70 mt
2.5 – 12 mt
The increased usage of containers has contributed to the improvement of Berbera Port efficiency in vessel turnaround and handling. There is a consistent positive trend in the number of containers handled: in 2012 the port handled 21,538 containers, an improvement of 22% from 2009. Maersk and PIL Lines signed an agreement with Port Authorities to operate a regular service to the Port of Berbera and are represented in Berbera and the capital Hargeisa.
Berbera Port – Container Handling
Container Facilities Available
Container Freight Station (CFS)
Refrigerated Container Stations
Daily Take Off Capacity (Containers per day)
Number of Reefer Stations (connection points)
Emergency Take-off Capacity (Give an indication)
Off take capacity of gang shift (in Containers per shift)
Berbera Port – Stevedoring Rates
Rate per tonne ton or part thereof US$
Discharged or loading
Discharged or loading transhipment cargo
Cargo shipped and re-landed
Cargo landed & reshipped
Shifting within hatches
Shifting from hold to hold
Shifting on deck
The increase of tariffs are 30 Dollars $30 and 50 Dollars $50 for 20 TEU and 40 FEU respectively.
In addition the authority has increased port handling charges for containerized cargo as below effective 1st Jan 2016:
- Cargo handling charges: port dues 2.5 per ton
- Container dueshandling charges:
|Container||20 ft||40 ft|
Extension: there is around a round of extension for Berbera port during the year 2015.