El Salvador’s extensive education and training opportunities have helped develop quality workers, technicians and professionals in all of the different employment sectors. Salvadoran labor is abundant and highly trainable. The work ethic among Salvadoran workforce is often a determining factor in new investors' decisions to establish operations in El Salvador.
Learning an occupation, developing a specialization, participating in ongoing training, and strengthening their natural proactive attitude, are all part of the development skills that Salvadorans acquire in the work place. INSAFORP, the national institution for professional training, incorporates national and private efforts to ensure that the Salvadoran workforce remains a high quality asset within the region and within Latin America.
The economically active population (EAP), for the year 2010 was recorded at 2,580,284 people, of which 63% were located in urban areas and 37% were located in rural areas. Out of the total EAP, 58.7% are men and 41.3 % are women. This reflects the lower activity level of females in the labor market; yet in recent years a substantial increase in their participation has been observed.
The labor force is estimated at 2.7 million (2011), with a distribution by type of employment divided among agriculture (19%), industry (23%) and services (58%). The unemployment rate rose by 0.3% from 2008 to 2009, and is as high as 7% (CIA website, 2011).
As agreed by The Minimum Wage National Council of El Salvador, effective from May 16th, 2011, the new approved Minimum Wages are the following (and are calculated over 30 calendar days according to each economic sector):
- Business and Services: US $224.10
- Industry: US $219.30
- Textile industry and manufacturing: US $187.50
- Agriculture: US $105.00
- Coffee Harvesters: US $114.60
- Sugar Harvesters: US $97.20
- Cotton Harvesters: US $87.60
- Coffee Brokerages: US $152.10
- Cotton Brokerages and Sugar Refineries: US $110.40
Handling services are available in the market and can be provided by outsourcing companies and transporters.
Average costs are indicated below:
According to the Survey of Households and Multiple Purposes conducted in 2019, the working-age population (PET) represents 74.5% (4,995,745) of the total population of El Salvador, that is, young people aged 16 and over, who according to the socioeconomic reality of the country are suitable to join productive activities. When analyzing the PET by age groups, it is observed that 52.7% are in the range of 16 to 39 years; in the range of 40 to 59 years represents 29.0% of the PET, while people 60 years and older represent 18.3%. The Economically Active Population (EAP), which is defined as the part of the PET that carries out some economic activity or offers its labor force to the labor market, is made up of 62.2% at the level. On the other hand, the PEA is composed of 63.9% of urban areas, while people residing in rural areas represent 59.1%.
As of December 2018, El Salvador had 317 public sector unions, 997 private sector unions. Most of them are active.
There are few companies that provide outsourcing or casual labor services. WFP has a list of 11 companies.
Labour Rate(s) Overview
Rate as of JUN 2019
Daily General Worker (Unskilled casual labour)
AVG USD 6.58
No Data Available
Daily General Worker (Semi-skilled labour)
AVG USD 11.55
No Data Available
AVG USD 25.16
No Data Available
In July 2021 was agreed to increase minimum wages in El Salvador, the salaries are as follow: https://www.mtps.gob.sv/download/tabla-del-salario-minimo-vigente-a-partir-del-1-de-agoto-de-2021/?wpdmdl=4478&refresh=627d34b3705fb1652372659