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For information on Iraq Telecommunications contact details, please see the following link: 4.2.3 11 Iraq Additional Service Provision Services Contact List

Telecommunications throughout Iraq including international connections have been disrupted; widespread government efforts to rebuild domestic and international communications through fiber optic links are in progress; the mobile cellular market has expanded rapidly and its subscriber base is expected to continue increasing rapidly.

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  • Country code - 964. 
  • Satellite earth stations - 4 (2 Intelsat - 1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean, 1 Intersputnik - Atlantic Ocean region, and 1 Arabsat (inoperative)). 
  • Local microwave radio relay connects border regions to Jordan, Kuwait, Syria, and Turkey.
  • International terrestrial fiber-optic connections have been established with Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Kuwait, Iran and Jordan.
  • Communications cables: links to the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) / FALCON, and the Gulf Bridge International (GBI), and TGN-Gulf international submarine fiber-optic cables have been established (Sourcesource: Telecommunications in Iraq).

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Telephone Services

Is there an existing landline telephone network?

Yes

Does it allow international calls?

Yes

On average, number and length of downtime periods

N/A

Mobile phone providers (List)

  • Zain (Zain Iraq is the largest mobile operator in Iraq by subscribers, which amount to 13.8 million as of the end of
2014.

Estimated availability and coverage
(Approximate percentage of national coverage)

95%

Note: Areas under ISIS control, such as Mosul City (8.5% of Iraqi area), may not have continuous active mobile coverage.


Telecommunications Regulation

Note: Up to 97% of homes have a satellite dish and there are more than 30 Iraq-facing satellite networks.

Regulations

Regulations on usage or import of

Yes / No

Regulating Authority

Satellite

Yes

Ministry of Telecommunications

HF Radio

Yes

Ministry of Telecommunications

UHF/VHF/HF radio: handheld, base and mobile

Yes

Ministry of Telecommunications

UHF/VHF repeaters

Yes

Ministry of Telecommunications

GPS

Yes

Ministry of Telecommunications

VSAT

Yes

Ministry of Telecommunications

Individual Network Operator Licenses Required

  •  Controlled by Ministry of Telecommunications

Frequency Licenses Required

  • To be obtained from Ministry of Telecommunications
  • Procedure: Formal application

Existing Humanitarian Telecoms Systems

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  • Erbil UN Communication Center – Covering all of KR-I (Kurdistan Region –Iraq) Radio call sign – E.J. Base – Echo Juliet Base
  • Sulaymaniyah UN Communication Center – Covering Sulaymaniyah & Arbat – Radio call sign S.J. Base – Sierra Juliet Base - (Radio room is hosted in UNHCR Offices)
  • Duhok UN Communication Center – Covering Duhok & Domiz – Radio call sign D.J. Base – Delta Juliet Base

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Existing UN Telecommunications Systems

VHF frequencies

Restricted. Not for general distribution.

HF frequencies

Restricted. Not for general distribution.

Repeaters
(Locations)

Restricted. Not for general distribution.

VSAT

ETC does not use VSAT. ETC uses service provider: BETEL