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Somalia Roads Image Modified

Somalia has a road network extending over some 15,000 km, with almost all the main roads in poor condition due to lack of proper maintenance and repairs caused by the long period of civil war. There are five major roads in the country, which connect the main water corridors to the inland towns. Two are from the port of Mogadishu, one from the northwest port of Berbera, and single routes from both Bossaso and Kismayo. The corridors are exclusively accessed or served by road since Somalia has no railway lines. There are also two routes connecting to Djibouti and Somaliland respectively.

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The inland and overland transport has resulted in a successful road network that extends thousands of kilometers. The transport industry consists of individual transporters and small ranges of agencies. For cargo movement, trucks of capacities which extend from 5 mt to 30 mt are commonly used. Trucks are hired from the individuals’ owners at market rates per destinations. 

In Somaliland there are enough trucks available to transport cargo within and across the borders. The majority of the roads in Somaliland are murram, block cotton or red soil and sandy along the coastline. Maintenance is done regularly to the tarmac roads, but because of the poor quality of maintenance, does not last long and will have short endurance. 

There are limit loads for trucks, especially for the tarmac roads (5 to 15 mt trucks capacity), but the non-tarmac roads depend on the seasonal situation where rainy seasons create slow traffic. As the commonly used truck capacity is 20 to 30 MT, tarmac roads get deteriorated, but don’t see any proper plan for their development.

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There are many iron and concrete bridges in southern Somalia and of differing sizes, some for large trucks while others are only for small and light vehicles. The conditions of the bridges are unpredictable due to lack of maintenance for long periods; therefore they should be used with caution. There are very few bridges in Somaliland. River crossings or Irish crossings are common to seasonal conditions. Currently there are 12 culverts of which 8 were destroyed during the civil war, but rebuilt.

Bridges are located in districts with rivers as mentioned below:

District

Bridges

District

Bridges

Afgoi

2

Qoryole

2

Jilib

1

Balad

2

Jamama

1 (broken)

Jowhar

1

Wanleweyne

2

Mahaday

1

Jalalqsi

1

Beledweyne     

2

Buulo burde

1

 

 

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