Disasters, Conflicts and Migration
Comments / Details
Turkey is a seismically active area within the complex zone of collision between the Eurasian Plate and both the African and Arabian Plates. Much of the country lies on the Anatolian Plate, a small plate bounded by two major strike-slip fault zones. The easternmost part of Turkey lies on the western end of the Zagros fold and thrust belt, which is dominated by thrust tectonics. The south-eastern region which is close to the Syrian borders is located on the continuation of the Arabian Platform. There is a significant risk of damaging earthquakes almost anywhere in the country.
Summers tend to be hot and extremely dry. Winters are bitterly cold with frequent, heavy snowfall. Villages can be isolated for several days during winter storms. Spring and autumn are generally mild, but during both seasons sudden hot and cold spells frequently occur.
Gaziantep has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with influences of a continental climate during winter with hot, dry summers and cool, wet and occasionally snowy winters.
Hatay has a Mediterranean climate which has very hot, long and dry summers with cool rainy winters.
Mersin and Adana have a typical Mediterranean climate, a type of subtropical climate with hot and dry summers and warm and wet winters.
Flooding cannot be ruled out as a natural disaster in Turkish south-eastern region, especially in light of climate changes, snow melting and sudden heavy rain falls.
High Waves / Surges
A few peaceful rallies were staged in the region, in support of the government after the failure of the military coup attempt in July 2016.
Hatay: Syria still considers it an integral part of its own territory. Syrians call this land Liwa' al Iskenderun rather than the Turkish name of Hatay. Official Syrian maps still show Hatay as part of Syria. Hatay has not experienced mass migration from other parts of Turkey in recent decades and has therefore preserved much of its traditional culture; for example, Arabic is still widely spoken in the province
Internally Displaced Persons
Turkey continues to host the worlds largest refugee population with over 3.5 million refugees. (over 3.5 million Syrian, 145.000 Afghans, 140.000 Iraqis, 32.000 Iranians, 4.000 Somalis & 9.500 from other countries). More than 90 per cent of the refugees live outside of camps in urban and peri-urban areas. 70 per cent of refugees in Turkey are woman and children. Some of the camps in south-eastern part of Turkey: Kilis Oncupinar camp, Islahiye camp, Osmaniye camp, Nizip camp, Karkamis camp, Akcakale camp, Ceylanpinar-Telhamut camp, and Kahramanmaraş refugee camp.
Those camps are being managed and funded by the Turkish government. The Government is currently upgrading some camps so most are now container camps, which sought to offer a higher life quality than traditional tent camps. Each resident family receives a total of TRY100 (~$22) per person monthly via a "food card" system, which can be spent in the various shops operating in the camp. WFP supports residents of 10 camps with TRY50 (~$11) per person per month with the Government providing an additional TRY50 to make a total of TRY100. In the remaining camps, the Government provides all assistance.
Landmines / UXO Present
Most UN agencies are operating in Turkey’s southern region. OCHA supports cross-border activities. Also many NGOs (mainly domestic) are conducting relief programs to help Syrian refugees.
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