Based on the above analysis and the national freight transportation model developed, 22 logistics corridors and a main node, Lima-Callao, have been identified, along which most of Peru's freight traffic moves. The table below shows the codification and description of each of the logistics corridors identified.
|Identified Logistics Corridors|
|1||EE01||Structuring Axis 01||Lima to Piura (Panamericana Norte)|
|2||EE02||Structuring Axis 02||Lima to Arequipa (South Pan-American Highway)|
|3||CL01||Logistics Corridor 01||Chiclayo - Moyobamba - Tarapoto - Yurimaguas - Iquitos|
|4||CL02||Logistics Corridor 02||Paita - Piura - Dv. Olmos|
|5||CL03||Logistics Corridor 03||Lima - La Oroya - Huánuco - Tingo María - Pucallpa|
|6||CL04||Logistics Corridor 04||Nazca - Abancay - Cusco|
|7||CL05||Logistics Corridor 05||Matarani - Arequipa - Juliaca - Pte. Inambari|
|8||CL06||Logistics Corridor 06||Arequipa - Moquegua - Tacna - La Concordia (Border with Chile)|
|9||CL07||Logistics Corridor 07||Matarani - Ilo - Moquegua - Desaguadero (Border with Bolivia)|
|Logistics Corridor 08||Cusco - Puerto Maldonado - Iñapari (Border with Brazil)|
|11||CL09||Logistics Corridor 09||Ayacucho - Pisco|
|12||CL10||Logistics Corridor 10||La Oroya - Huancayo - Ayacucho - Abancay|
|13||CL11||Logistics Corridor 11||Cusco - Juliaca - Puno - Desaguadero (Border with Bolivia)|
|14||CL12||Logistics Corridor 12||Tarapoto - Aucayacu - Tocache - Tingo María|
|15||CL13||Logistics Corridor 13||Pativilca - Conococha - Huaraz - Carhuaz|
|16||CL14||Logistics Corridor 14||Ciudad de Dios - Cajamarca - Chachapoyas|
|17||CL15||Logistics Corridor 15||Piura - Tumbes - International Bridge (Border with Ecuador)|
|18||CL16||Logistics Corridor 16||Chiclayo - Cajamarca|
|19||CL17||Logistics Corridor 17||La Oroya - Tarma - La Merced - Satipo|
|20||CL18||Logistics Corridor 18||Chimbote - Huacrachuco - Tocache|
|21||CL19||Logistics Corridor 19||Salaverry - Trujillo - Shorey - Huamachuco|
|22||CL20||Logistics Corridor 20||Dv. Quilca - Matarani - Ilo - Tacna|
|23||NP01||Principal Node 01||Metropolitan Area of Lima and Callao|
The description of the conceptual model of logistics development, the best alternative being a mixed development model (international-domestic). For this purpose, it is necessary to describe in more detail the selected model. The mixed model of development of the national logistics system, as its name suggests, is a model that combines the development of all components of the logistics system - infrastructure, services and processes - in support of the international market for these services and the domestic market.
The domestic market segment, on the other hand, demands infrastructure to support domestic distribution of goods and urban or last mile logistics. Services are associated either with support for the preparation of products for final consumption or for their export.
Table N° 2 - Components to be developed in a Mixed Logistics Model
- Ports and airports well integrated to the global cargo distribution network.
- Network of logistics platforms associated with the main foreign trade nodes.
- Trunk cargo highways
- Road border crossings
- Logistics infrastructure to support maritime, air and land border operations.
- Specialized nodal infrastructure to support distribution and last-mile logistics
- National network of truck centers on concessioned roads
- Secondary road networks serving national trunk movements
- Tertiary networks providing access to major rural production centers
- International quality standards
- Consolidation and deconsolidation
- Warehousing under customs custody of goods in transit or under temporary regime
- Service to empty containers
- International transportation
- Customs brokerage and freight forwarding
- Cold storage facilities, Service to international carriers
- Palletizing and unitizing
- Warehousing and inventory management
- Express parcels
- Return logistics
- Transportation, removals and deliveries
- Transportation and refrigerated facilities
- Order preparation
- Purchasing and invoicing
- Simplification of customs procedures, harmonization of border procedures and single windows for foreign trade.
- Reduction of non-tariff barriers applicable to the transportation sector (standardization of limits, weights and dimensions, transit facilitation for third-country operators).
- Security management and security monitoring
This means, for example, that investment in high-capacity port infrastructure alone is not enough to ensure a high standard; such a standard would be ensured with a smooth and efficient integrated system: fluid access, segregation of local flows from international flows, adoption of state-of-the-art information technologies to ensure port movement. A port that does not have the relevance of El Callao would not need to meet such high standards, not only because the demand is lower, but also because the investments involved are also lower.
HISTORICAL MAP OF CRITICAL POINTS OF THE NATIONAL ROAD NETWORK
According to the map of critical points that the Ministry of Transport and Communications has identified through Provias, the sections of the national road networks, with high probabilities of being affected by natural phenomena (landslides, mudslides and platform erosion) are concentrated in the central zone from the country.