Green logistics applies a three-dimensional life cycle approach, as opposed to the traditional one-dimensional, economics only focused approach. Following the three-dimensional approach does not necessarily means that the level of effort and times will increase by three. However, as the organisation reduces its impact on the environment and support positive social behaviours, there may be a return on overall “value for money.””
Types of effects
Area of Activity
Steps to Improve
Fleet causing high amounts of pollution, air quality reduced.
Measure the movements, costs and maintenance of transport to gather data about their use. Invest accordingly in proper maintenance depending of the needs and the selected strategy. This might include: redrawing shorter routes, investing in green vehicles, etc.
Lowered emission transport units, well maintained and following repair plans that reduce environmental and economic cost by increasing the efficacy.
Distribution channels not well organised or with big inefficiencies.
Plan supply chain and procurement taking into account the cost to manage the waste produced.
Effectively connect places of production with the distribution points, including using proximity to storage/distribution points as a selection criteria.
Assess the production line or third level distribution channels of your suppliers for waste or misuse.
Faster deliveries, increased flexibility for late requests, and time savings on managing waste.
Price based selection that potentially hides unethical or not environmentally friendly activities.
Create and apply selection criteria that matches the ethical and environmental policies of the organisation.
Research initiatives that other organisations are putting in place and adapt them to your situation.
Product loss by degradation caused by poor storage condition, or damages during in-storage movements.
Make improvements in the infrastructure to facilitate cargo movement. Use solar light and natural ventilation.
If the infrastructure is going to last more than two years, invest in solar or wind power sources and manage your power consumption. (Power Supply section).
Save money and time.
Excessive use of non-biodegradable materials.
Choosing the appropriate mode of transport with enough time, to be able to understand how the cargo is packed and labelled. Try to find a good compromise between safety and handling; Reduce packaging or/and use reusable or biodegradable materials. Example - corrugated cardboard and other forms of paper-based packaging.