Mozambique is a country with a long coastline of approximately 2,500 km, providing access to the Indian Ocean, extending from South Africa in the south to Tanzania in the north. The country has several major ports along its extensive coastline, including the ports of Maputo, Beira, and Nacala, which serve as critical gateways for international trade, for neighbouring countries of Eswatini, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia, DRC and Malawi.
The Port of Maputo is the largest and busiest port in Mozambique, located in the capital city of Maputo at the southern end of the country. It handles the majority of Mozambique's imports and exports, including containerized cargo, dry bulk cargo, and liquid bulk cargo. The port is also strategically located for trade with neighbouring countries such as Zimbabwe, Eswatini and South Africa.
The Port of Beira, located in central Mozambique, is the second-largest port in the country and a vital gateway for landlocked countries such as Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi. It handles a wide range of cargo, including coal, iron ore, and other minerals, as well as containerized cargo.
The Port of Nacala is located in the northern part of Mozambique and is primarily used for the export of coal from the nearby Moatize coal mines. It is also an important hub for the export of other commodities such as agricultural products.
Comprehensive railway and road networks link these ports to neighbouring countries and the landlocked provinces of Mozambique. Other smaller ports exist, such as Quelimane and Pemba that serve mostly nearby businesses and communities.
Overall, Mozambique's port network plays a critical role in facilitating international trade and economic development in the country and the broader Southern African region.