Kenya - 3.3 Manual Labour Costs

The Employment Act 2007 provides for, among others, basic rights and duties in employment, employer-employee relationship, protection of wages, termination and dismissal and protection of children from child labour. Manual labour is widely available in Kenya with satisfactory level of skills and competencies, given the average level of education in the country. Casual workers are engaged only on urgent short-term tasks not exceeding three months, as stipulated in the Employment Act (2007). The Casual Workers are hired on piece rate, time rate jobs and should be paid in accordance with statutory wages Regulations Orders issued by the Government from time to time. 

 According to the law, an employer should not require or permit any of his employees to engage in the manual handling or transportation of a load which by reason of its weight is likely to cause the employee to suffer bodily injury. 

The Central Organization of Trade Unions Kenya (COTU-K) works to protect and improve the rights and welfare of all workers – including people with disabilities. It facilitates the disputes settlements between members of trade unions and their employers or between the trade unions and their members or employees of one union and employees of another union, or between two or more trade unions. 

In the table attached minimum wages for labours are listed. 

Labour Rate(s) Overview 


(Local Currency & USD (US Dollars) - $) 

Rate as of July 2022 

Daily General Worker (Unskilled casual labour) 

KES 16,959.00 & USD 117.13 

July 2022 

Daily General Worker (Semi-skilled labour) 

KES 23,414.50 & USD 161.71 

July 2022 

Skilled Worker 

KES 34,302.75 & USD 236.90 

July 2022 

Jump to top