Iran, Islamic Republic of
Iran, Islamic Republic of - 2 Logistics Infrastructure


Iran has a diverse and well-connected logistics infrastructure. The country features an extensive road network, efficient railways, and major ports like Bandar Abbas and Shahid Rajaee Port facilitating maritime trade. Tehran's airports, particularly Imam Khomeini International Airport, serve as crucial hubs for air cargo. Customs procedures have been undergoing digitalization to streamline clearance processes, and Iran's participation in regional trade agreements impacts logistics. The presence of distribution centers, warehouses, and Free Trade Zones supports storage and distribution activities. Efforts to integrate digital technologies aim to enhance efficiency and real-time tracking. However, economic sanctions and the need for continuous infrastructure maintenance challenge the sector's development.

Road Infrastructure

According to the latest statistics published by the Road Maintenance and Transportation Organization (RMTO), a summary of the country's roads up to the year 2022 is as follows.







Main Roads


Arterial Roads


Transit Roads


Rural Roads




Trains operated on 14,078 Km (8,747 mi) of railroad track. The country’s major port of entry is Bandar-Abbas on the Strait of Hormuz. After arriving in Iran, imported cargos are distributed throughout the country by trucks and freight trains. The Tehran-Bandar-Abbas railroad opened in 1995, connects Bandar-Abbas to the railroad system of Central Asia via Tehran and Mashhad. Other major ports include Bandar e-Anzali and Bandar e-Torkeman on the Caspian Sea and Khorramshahr and Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni on the Persian Gulf. Chabahar-Zahedan railway is the most important under-construction railway project in Iran the first phase will connect Chabahar port to Zahedan city and then to Milak border with Afghanistan and on the second phase will connect Zahedan city to Sarakhs border with Turkmenistan.

Recent railway constructions in Iran include the "Mianeh-Bostanabad" railway (44 km), the "Zahedan-Khash" railway (154 km), the "Rasht-Anzali" railway (37 km), and the "Mianeh-Ardabil" railway (175 km).


Iran Aviation  

Iran has several private and public airline companies in operation. The oldest is the Iranian Airways Company, founded in 1944 (known as Iran Air since 1961). As of June 2009, Iranian planes fly 45 international flight routes. Most of the fleet of Iranian airlines today consist of old airplanes that is due to the international sanctions that prevents Iran from purchasing new aircraft to update its fleet.

As of 2013, Iran had 319 airports which made Iran the 22nd country in the world with most airports. Almost all the main cities in Iran have airports and more than 20 of the airports have international flights. Imam Khomeini airport in Tehran has the most international flights and is the Iran’s biggest airport.

Iran Ports   

Iran on the north is connected to Caspian Sea which through the 3 main ports connects the country to Russia on the north, the Republic of Azerbaijan to the west, and Turkmenistan to the east. The majority of Iran import, and export are handling through eight important ports on the south that connects Iran to open oceans. Port of Shahid Rajaie in Bandar Abbas city is the most important port of Iran that currently is under sanction of United States of America and as a result there is no direct international shipping line to this port. Chabahar Port on the south east of Iran is another important port of Iran that recently Iran has made several investments to improve the port infrastructure and make it one of the transit hubs for the neighbouring countries. 


Jump to top