Iran, Islamic Republic of
Iran, Islamic Republic of - 1.2 Regulatory Departments and Quality Control

Regulatory Departments

The main regulatory bodies in Iran that are dealing with the commercial businesses and movements of the goods are I.R. Iran Customs Administration (IRICA), Iranian National Tax Administration (INTA), Road Maintenance and Transportation Organization (RMTO), Ports and Maritime Organization (PMO), Iran Civil Aviation Organization (CAOIRI), Iran Chamber of Commerce Industries, Mines and Agriculture (ICCIMA) and Ministry of Industry, Mine, and Trade (MIMT).


I.R. Iran Customs Administration (IRICA)

The Customs of Iran is a government organization subordinated to the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance, which, as the country's economic frontier, plays a pivotal and coordinating role in the country's entry and exit points and is responsible for implementing customs law and other export and import laws and regulations. It is also responsible for transit of goods and collection of import duties and customs duties and related taxes and technical requirements and trade facilitation.


Iranian National Tax Administration (INTA)

Undertaking all matters related to the implementation of all types of direct and indirect taxes and all stages related to the identification of taxpayers, filing and preparation of tax identification, tax claims and resolving tax disputes and receiving taxes in the usual way or from Through executive operations (such as customs office) and other matters related to taxes within the framework of tax laws and other current laws of the country.


Road Maintenance and Transportation Organization (RMTO)

RMTO is responsible for establishing policies and planning for highways and road transport and establishing executive coordination between different sub-sectors. Preparation of rules and regulations regarding domestic and international transportation affairs and road transport. Issuance of activity licenses for road transport companies and other licenses and necessary licenses in domestic and international transportation activities and providing the necessary arrangements to facilitate transit and export affairs. RMTO is also responsible for all different types of road construction, maintenance and related infrastructures.


Ports and Maritime Organization (PMO)

PMO is responsible for construction, maintenance and management of ports and commercial maritime affairs of the country. It is also responsible for preparation, regulation and implementation of ports, maritime and commercial shipping regulations according to the relevant laws. Office of unloading and loading and transportation of goods in the ports and warehousing in the country's are managed by PMO.


Iran Civil Aviation Organization (CAOIRI)

CAO is Iran's civil aviation agency. It is the statutory corporation which oversees and regulates all aspects of civil aviation in Iran. The organization was established in July 1946 and its headquartered at Mehrabad International Airport in Tehran.

The CAOIRI responsibilities are:

  • Iran's skies Rules and Regulation
  • Professional and private pilots
  • Licensed aircraft engineers
  • Air traffic controllers
  • Airlines
  • Licensed aerodromes
  • Organisations involved in the design (DO), production (PO), continuing airworthiness management (CAMO) and maintenance (AMO) of aeronautical products
  • Organisations involved in the training of pilot (ATO), air traffic controller and maintenance engineer (MTO)
  • Aircraft registered in Iran
  • Aero-Medical Centres (AeMC)


Iran Chamber of Commerce Industries, Mines and Agriculture (ICCIMA)

The Iranian Chamber of Commerce, Industries, Mines and Agriculture is an Iranian non-profit organization that works with government agencies to establish coordination and cooperation between traders, owners of industries and government bodies. Government and private sector representatives attend the chamber's meetings. ICCIMA also cooperates with the government agencies and affiliated or government-controlled institutions, as well as municipalities, by providing advice for establishing trade related the rules and regulations. Two important responsibilities of ICCIMA are Review and arbitration on domestic and foreign trade issues of members through the Arbitration Center of the Chamber and validation of the certificate of origin, which guarantees the validity of the quality and specifications of the exported goods.


Ministry of Industry, Mine, and Trade (MIMT)

This ministry is responsible for formulating and implementing industrial and trade policies in Iran. It plays a crucial role in regulating commercial activities, including issues related to manufacturing, exports, and imports.



Quality control departments

Any good that is going to be produced or imported to the country, based on the nature of the goods, will be subjected to certain type of quality control from different regulatory departments. The main bodies for this purpose are Iran National Standards Organization (INSO) for processed food and non-food products, Food and Drug Administration of Iran (FDA) for pharmaceutical and processed food products, Plant Protection Organization (PPO) for non-processed agricultural products and pesticides, Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO) for non-processed animal products, Communication Regulatory Authority of The I.R. Iran for communicational equipment, National Medical Device Directorate I.R. Iran for medical equipment.


Iran National Standards Organization (INSO)

The National Organization of Standards of Iran compiles laws and rules related to standards and implements and supervises them. INSO has a governmental structure as a subset of the Presidential Institution. Four main responsibilities of INSO are including:

1- Standardization

2- Metrology

3- Certification

4- Conformity assessment

All processed foods and non-food items that are going to be produced locally or be imported to the country need INSO conformity certificate.


Food and Drug Administration of Iran (FDA)

The responsibility for this organization lies with the Deputy Minister of Food and Drugs of the Ministry of Health. Below are some of the main responsibilities of this organisation:

  • Determining, compiling and announcing the rules, characteristics and regulations related to import, export, preparation, production, storage, transportation, distribution, supply and destruction of the mentioned materials, products and products.
  • Determining, compiling and announcing criteria and characteristics related to evaluation and control over the programs and services of pharmaceutical, food, beverage, cosmetic, health, medical supplies and equipment, and packing and toy items.
  • Issuance, extension and temporary and permanent revocation of licenses of manufacturing, importing, maintaining, transporting, supplying and distributing pharmaceutical, food, beverage, cosmetic, health, medical and non-consumable medical equipment and supplies.
  • Issuance of health licenses and permits for the manufacture and import of the mentioned materials, products and items.


Plant Protection Organization (PPO)

This organization works under the management of the ministry of agriculture and it’s main goal is to protect the country from the entry, establishment and distribution of quarantine pests and diseases by adopting appropriate measures and policies. Below are some of the most important responsibilities of this organization:

  • Close monitoring of the importation of unprocessed unprocessed plant products and prevent the import or quarantine the products if necessary.
  • Planning and establishing coordination in joint and effective national, regional and international measures to prevent the spread and entry of plant pests and plant and garden products into pollution-free areas.
  • Effective monitoring and management to prevent the spread and entry of pests and plant products into the country and promote appropriate measures to control them and regulate plans and programs to prevent the spread and transmission of pests.


Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO)

This organization works under the management of the ministry of agriculture and it’s main goal is to provide health and animal welfare, control, prevention of animal diseases, providing and guaranteeing the health of animal products and prevention and fight against common human and animal diseases. Below are some of the main responsibilities of IVO:

  • Policy-making, planning, monitoring and enforcing health and quarantine and biosafety regulations for the entry and exit and transport of livestock and livestock products (national and international) and the issuance of related health permits.
  • Policy-making, planning and monitoring to ensure animal health through control, prevention and eradication of infectious and quarantine livestock diseases.
  • Sanitary inspection and quality control of animal feed products from production to distribution.
  • Policy-making, planning, monitoring and enforcing health and quarantine standards and biosecurity in living, breeding and keeping environments and related facilities.


Communications Regulatory Authority (CRA) of The I.R. Iran

CRA established in 2003 under the management of Ministry of Information and Communication Technology.The aim of CRA is to execute governmental and supervision of the Ministry of Information and Communication Technology in the sector of Radio and Communication Regulatory so that as a supervisory foundation, it could pave the grounds for competitive market of telecommunication and increment, promotion and optimization of service quality.

  • Issuance of activity and exploitation license for the provision (production or import) of any telecommunication, postal and information technology services, including terms, conditions and how to compensate for non-implementation within the framework of the Commission's approvals.
  • Formulation and proposal of national standards related to communications and information technology in the country to the relevant authorities and application of standards, rules and quality control systems and approval of equipment samples in providing services and development and operation of telecommunication, postal and information technology networks in the country.
  • Regulation, management and control of the country's frequency space and approval of rules and criteria for optimal use of frequency and monitoring and governance of the national frequency spectrum within the framework of the Law on Duties and Powers of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.


National Medical Device Directorate I.R. Iran

National Medical Device Directorate is responsible for monitoring and evaluating the authenticity, quality and safety of medical, dental and laboratory devices and licensing the applicants for various actions and processes in the field of production, import, export, distribution, supply and after-sales services National Medical Device Directorate, in order to carry out its institutional mission, acts in alignment with various agencies.

- Planning to evaluate and improve the performance of medical devices.

- Certify licenses and Scope identity certificates to companies and medical device Operators (manufacturers, exporters, importers, distributors and guilds)

- supervising the entrance and discharge of medical, dental and laboratory devices.

- supervising the production and export of medical, dental and laboratory equipment including:

- Supervision and inspection of the price and distribution, supply, consumption, use and maintenance of medical devices and supplies.

- Networking and communication to exchange information and experiences between government and non-governmental sectors for the creation and exploitation of business opportunities.

For more information on regulatory departments and quality control laboratories’ contact details, please see the following links: 4.1 Government Contact List and 4.3 Laboratory and Quality Testing Company Contact List.



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