Ghana - 2.1 Port Assessment

Port Assessment

The Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority (GPHA) is the national port authority of Ghana, responsible for the governance, maintenance and operation of the ports of Ghana, principally the Port of Sekondi-Takoradi, and Port of Tema, and the Fishing Harbour at Tema. GPHA HQs are in Tema, offices are also located in Sekondi-Takoradi, and the “Office National des Ports du Ghana” is in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.  

The Takoradi Harbour and Tema Harbour and ports serve Sekondi-Takoradi and Tema's role as manufacturing centres and handles cargo in transhipment to and from bordering countries north of Ghana. 

Container traffic through Tema Port has seen a lot of growth as well as shipping activities in Takoradi port as a result of the oil find and therefore there is the need to expand both ports to meet the demands of the shipping and oil companies. 

Ghana, being a coastal country, has seen the emergence of some shipping companies which are responsible for transporting all the items from other countries into the country. See link 

Top Shipping Companies in Ghana 

The shipping companies are also responsible for planning, implementing as well as controlling procedures for the effective movement and storage of goods into the country from their point of origin. 

  1. Hapag-Lloyd 

Hapag-Lloyd has been in the African market since 2007 and has experienced steady growth in volume and expansion in coverage through the years.  
The West African sub area, headquartered in Tema, Ghana offers customers connections to Ghana, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Benin, Mauritania and Senegal, as well as connections into the hinterland locations of Niger, Burkina Faso and Mali. 

  1. Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC) 

MSC Ghana has been supporting customers to ship cargo in and out of the Republic of Ghana since 2007. Today, we operate five dedicated services, connecting 200 global routes and moving more than 200,000 TEU every year. When it comes to shipping, this company is not only a leader in Ghana, but also a global leader in the industry with operations in more than 155 countries of the world and a staff strength of about 70,000 qualified professionals. 

The head office in Switzerland and they have base operations in the US, Australia, Germany and South Africa. 

  1. Maersk 

With offices in Tema, Takoradi and Kumasi, Maersk is uniquely placed to help Ghanaian businesses connect to the world. Whether you are shipping standard, refrigerated or oversized cargo, we have the local expertise and global network needed to get it to its destination – wherever in the world that happens to be. We offer regular connections to and from Tema and Takoradi. From here, the rest of the world is just a short hop away with our vast ocean fleet. 

  1. CMA-CGM 

CMA CGM Ghana is expertise in the carriage of all types of cargo; reefer, Out of Gauge, hazardous cargo, etc. 

The CMA CGM Group’s mission is to contribute to sustainable globalization through better balanced international trade that fosters both economic and social development while respecting the integrity of all men and women and the planet. With a presence in 160 countries through 755 offices, 750 warehouses, 110,000 employees and a wide fleet of 566 vessels, CMA CGM serves 420 of the world’s 521 commercial ports and operates 285 shipping lines. 


  1. Gold Line Shipping  

The company is one of the few shipping companies in the country that are into the transportation of Gold. They have been strategically situated to offer shipping services in the country. They have operations in the UK and Israel.  

They are rated as one of the best in the country because of their top-notch customer services.  

  1. China Ocean Shipping Company (COSCO) 

By the end of January 2024, COSCO SHIPPING Lines owned and operated 382 container vessels with a total capacity of approximately 2.1 million TEUs (the Company and Oriental Overseas International, a subsidiary of COSCO SHIPPING Holdings, owned and operated 503 container vessels with a total capacity of 3.1 million TEUs, leading the industry in terms of shipping capacity). The Company operates 405 international and domestic shipping routes, including 266 international routes (including international feeder services). The Company’s fleet has called 602 ports located in 144 countries and regions worldwide. 

  1. Grimaldi Lines 

Grimaldi Gh. Ltd. located at Torman/Fishing Harbour Rd. Community 1, Tema, Ghana provides services in Transportation & Logistic Services - Shipping Companies. 

They provide solutions for various business and organization's Transportation & Logistic Services needs. 


During 2022 the ports of Tema and Takoradi have managed a traffic of 2600 vessels, 1679 for Tema, and 921 for Takoradi. 

In terms of metric tons, during the same period, the total cumulated was above 27 million mt, Tema with about 18,65 million mt, while Takoradi was 7,34 million mt. 

The containers traffic, TeU (twenty-foot equivalent unit) has reached a total of 1,244,245 units, Tema for over 1,190,695 units, while Takoradi handled 38,699 units. 


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