Ghana - 1 Country Profile

Generic country information can be located from sources which are regularly maintained and reflect current facts and figures. 


Generic Information: 

Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country in West Africa. It abuts the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean to the south, sharing borders with Cote d’Ivoire in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, and Togo in the east. Ghana covers an area of 239,567 km2 (92,497 sq. mi), spanning diverse biomes that range from coastal savannas to tropical rainforests. The capital and largest city is Accra. As of 2021 census, the Accra Metropolitan District, 20.4 km2 (7.9 sq. mi), had a population of 284,124 inhabitants, and the larger Greater Accra Region, 3,245 km2 (1,253 sq. mi), had a population of 5,455,692 inhabitants. Other cities are Kumasi, Tamale, and Sekondi-Takoradi. The word Ghana means "Warrior King" in Mande. 

Ghana is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy with a parliamentary multi-party system that is dominated by two parties—the National Democratic Congress (NDC) and the New Patriotic Party (NPP). Ghana alternated between civilian and military governments until January 1993, when the military government gave way to the Fourth Republic of Ghana after presidential and parliamentary elections in late 1992. The 1992 constitution of Ghana divides powers among a commander-in-chief of the Ghana Armed Forces (President of Ghana), parliament (Parliament of Ghana), cabinet (Cabinet of Ghana), council of state (Ghanaian Council of State), and an independent judiciary (Judiciary of Ghana). The government is elected by universal suffrage after every four years.  

Nana Akufo-Addo won the presidency in the general election in 2016. He also won the 2020 election. Presidents are limited to two four-year terms in office. The president can serve a second term only upon re-election. The 2012 Fragile States Index indicated that Ghana is ranked the 67th-least fragile state in the world and the fifth-least fragile state in Africa. Ghana ranked 112th out of 177 countries on the index. Ghana ranked as the 64th-least corrupt and politically corrupt country in the world out of all 174 countries ranked and ranked as the fifth-least corrupt and politically corrupt country in Africa out of 53 countries in the 2012 Transparency International Corruption Perception Index. Ghana was ranked 7th in Africa out of 53 countries in the 2012 Ibrahim Index of African Governance. The Ibrahim Index is a comprehensive measure of African government, based on variables which reflect the success with which governments deliver essential political goods to its citizens. According to 2023 V-Dem Democracy indices Ghana is ranked 67th electoral democracy worldwide and 10th electoral democracy in Africa. Find the country in the generic links below: 

Wikipedia Country Information Ghana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 

IMF Country Information Ghana and the IMF  

OEC The Observatory of Economic Complexity Ghana and the OEC 

The CIA factbook Ghana 

Economist Intelligence Unit Ghana Economy, Politics and GDP Growth Summary

(*note - this is a paid service) 

Humanitarian Info: 

World Food Programme Ghana | WFP | United Nations World Food Programme - Fighting Hunger Worldwide 

Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: West & Central Africa  

Facts and Figures: 

Wolfram Alpha Ghana information 

World Bank Ghana Home 

Population Information: Ghana Population 2024 - World Population Review 


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