Ecuador - 2.3.2 Land Border Crossing of Huaquillas - Tumbes (Peru)


The border crossing through Huaquillas-Tumbes is the most popular and fastest of the three passes between Ecuador and Peru. In recent years, the two countries have improved border crossing services in such a way that the exit from one country and entry to the other take place in the same building. With modern facilities, the migration building to go from Ecuador to Peru is located on the Peruvian side and the migration building from Peru to Ecuador is located on the Ecuadorian side. In summary, in a single building there are the two rows to carry out migration.

Very few nationalities are required consular visas to enter Peru or Colombia from Ecuador but it is suggested to check with diplomatic offices or specialized agencies before leaving your country of origin.

The militarization of the border was announced on January 26 2020, following the news of the arrest in Tumbes of nearly 500 migrants, mostly Venezuelans, the operation was carried out jointly Ecuador and Perú and whose objective is to "block the entry of illegal migrants" in the midst of the health emergency.

Binational Border Assistance Center, Huaquillas (CEBAF)

The CEBAF complex is part of the need to facilitate international road transport in the Andean sub region. Likewise, it is made up of two twin buildings, one in each country, destined to facilitate customs, migration, anti-narcotics and agro-quality services. Around 112 officials work in these facilities, the same ones who are in charge of the processes of controlling the departure and arrival of people both in Ecuador and Peru, the working hours are 24 hours 7 days a week. Approximately 27,000 people and 1,500 vehicles pass through CEBAF per month, a figure that increases during holidays. Within the complex, there are other complementary constructions necessary for the development of activities, such as control of weights and measures, control of transport vehicles, kennels for anti-drug dogs, laboratories, food court, etc. This center makes it possible to implement an efficient and integrated system for the management and control of binational traffic, avoiding duplication of procedures and registrations on leaving and entering each country.

Border Crossing Location and Contact

Name of Border Crossing


Paso fronterizo Huaquillas-Tumbes

Ecuador: Huaquillas

Perú: Aguas Verdes

Province or District

El Oro

Nearest Town or City with Distance from Border Crossing

Huaquillas (0 km)





Managing Authority / Agency

Binational Border Assistance Center (CEBAF) Huaquillas

Contact Person

Director Manuel Defas Auhing 

Eje vial Nro. 1 Puente Internacional de la Paz, CEBAF cabecera Ecuador

(593-7) 2-609-002

Travel Times
Nearest International Airport

Guayaquil International Airport (240 km)

Truck Travel Time:5:30 hrs

Car Travel time: 4:20 hrs

Nearest Port

Port of Machala “Puerto Bolívar” (71 km)

Truck Travel Time: 1:20 hrs

Car Travel time: 55 minutes

Nearest location with functioning wholesale markets, or with significant manufacturing or production capacity

Machala (71 km)

Truck Travel Time: 1:20 hrs

Car Travel time: 55 minutes

Other information

The Machala port “Puerto Bolívar” with very good berthing facilities is strategically located where the most famous banana farms in the world are located, with an annual production of three million tons. Furthermore, the shrimp industry is also quite active in the region. In addition to refrigerated cargo, the terminal also handles dry cargo such as paper / paper clay and concentrated copper.

The route Huaquillas-Machala has mechanical and fuel services Other than trucks and semi trailers, multiple bus operators provide regular day and night service to this route and towns in between.


-Cooperativa de Transporte CIFA

-Transportes Occidentales

-BAÑOS Cooperativa De Transportes y Turismo

-Trans Esmeraldas S.A.

-Cooperativa de Transportes Patria



Hours of Operation


24 hours


24 hours


24 hours


24 hours


24 hours


24 hours


24 hours

National Holidays


Seasonal Constraints


Daily Capacity

Through the Huaquillas border customs, in 2019 the cargo vehicles mobilized to Peru totaled an output of 87,358 tons or cargo * Aproximately. 7,300 tons per month, which makes, estimated 243 tons per day. These figures give a concrete idea of the volumes in transit through this border.

Note: The figures have as source of information the International Cargo Manifests (MCI) and the Freight manifest (CPIC). “Carta Porte Internacional por Carreteras”

(*)Source: National Customs Service of Ecuador.


Customs Clearance

Resolution No. SENAE-DGN-2013-0361-RE regulates customs activities that take place at the land borders of the Ecuadorian customs territory. Although the border customs control procedure is the same as in a port or airport, there is a longer time due to the dangers posed by smuggling and drug trafficking at the borders. If the merchandise does not require control documents for dispatch, the border importer may declare its taxable merchandise in chapter 98, in the specific subheading that corresponds to taxable goods of travelers. On the contrary, if the imported merchandise requires control documents, it will be declared in the specific subheading between chapters 1 to 97. *


If the taxable goods exceed $ 2,000, the cargo will be moved to a temporary warehouse while the Customs Import Declaration is being made. Travelers are recommended to declare their taxable assets honestly and avoid penalties for customs offenses or crimes derived from smuggling. It is recommended that the National Customs Service of Ecuador strengthen the presence of officials from the customs surveillance unit to deal with the inconvenience of smuggling.

The Organic Code of Production, Trade and Investments (COPCI) it is the established code with purpose of regulating the production process in the stages of production, distribution, exchange, trade, consumption, management of externalities and productive investments. RCOPCI is the regulation to the Title of the Customs Facilitation for Trade, of book V of the Organic Code of Production, Trade and Investments, has the objective of specifying the regulation of book V of COPCI.


For more information on customs in Ecuador, please see the following links:  // and 1.3 Customs Information.


Other Relevant Information

Public entities that operate in the Centers of Attention at the border:

Agency Description
Ministry of Public Health Carry out the screening and control of all citizens of Ecuadorian nationality, foreigners residing in Ecuador and drivers of cargo vehicles.
National Police Provide support in border control of people and vehicles, additionally to control the access doors to the Centers direct to people.
National Customs Service Carry out the control of customs processes and redirection of people with symptoms to the MSP.
Agrocalidad Fumigation and exterior disinfection of all vehicles that they enter the centers; control and compliance with phytosanitary processes.
Armed Forces In coordination with the National Police, carry out the control of user entry to Border Service Centers.
Transit Commission of Ecuador Review of the qualifying titles for carry out international transport, additionally register incoming vehicles and leaving the country.
Ministry of Transport and Public Works Carry out the control of weights and dimensions to cargo vehicles. The MTOP is in charge of administration of the Border Service Center.
Migration Registration and migration control for users entering and leaving the country, additional users are registering to issue the Andean Card.


For more information on government contact details, please see the following link: 4.1 Government Contact List.


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