Nicaragua Waste Management and Disposal Providers
Nicaragua has three technical standards governing the design of landfills and waste management: Technical Standard (05 013-01) for Environmental Control of Solid Waste Landfill for non-hazardous.
This standard is to establish the general and specific criteria, parameters and environmental specifications for the location, design, operation, maintenance and closure or closure of the disposal of non-hazardous solid waste in landfills.
Nicaraguan Mandatory Technical Standard Environmental Management, Treatment and Disposal of Solid Waste non-hazardous (05 014-01). This standard is to establish the technical and environmental criteria to be met in the implementation of projects and activities management, treatment and disposal of non-hazardous solid waste, to protect the environment. Technical Standard for the Management and Disposal of Hazardous Solid Waste (05 015-02). This standard is to establish environmental technical requirements for storage, collection, transportation, treatment and disposal of hazardous solid waste generated in industrial activities and establishments providing medical care, such as clinics and hospitals, clinical laboratories, laboratories production of human and veterinary rabies centers and biological agents, teaching and research.
"Every day, on average, every inhabitant of the city of Managua produces 0.7 Kg. Of solid waste, while the residents of the rest of the country, on average, generate 0.50 Kg. / Day of waste. Based on the above figures, experts estimate that the total solid waste generation nationwide, reached the sum of 3,500 ton / day, equivalent to an annual production of 1.2 million tonnes. Only four in ten households eliminate waste through a collector or depositing it in a landfill or in an approved container truck. This means that most households, 56.6%, burning, burying, throws a vacuum or property, spear into a river or stream. "
The solid waste collection is performed in 75 of the 153 municipalities in garbage trucks administered by the mayors of each municipality. The coverage is partial, because some areas are difficult to access, which means that there are several areas in the country that lack this service. Waste collected in the country, 94% being poured into tanks or open dumps or are burned to reduce its volume. Moreover, hospital and industrial waste, which in most cases are toxic or dangerous, do not have special treatment and personnel handling equipment is not provided with prevention. But there are some companies like ECOTRASA that provides hazardous waste management.
The mayor of Managua has a fleet of 70 garbage trucks with established routes for garbage collection to household level three times a week. These wastes are deposited in the landfill The Chureca that for years had been the largest landfill in the country and now has a treatment plant with a capacity to process 1,200 metric tons of solid waste produced Managua every day. Waste is also deposited in the landfill located in the municipality of Mateare about 20 Km from the capital.
Every municipality in the country has its landfill or landfill and operate according to the dynamics of each municipality administered by the Municipal Mayors.
 VIII Census of Population and Housing IV
In recent years in Nicaragua, has been promoting the recycling of non-hazardous waste such as plastic, paper and glass through entrepreneurial companies. However, we need a radical change in the mindset of the entire population to see the opportunity that presents itself. This implies a shift in connotation as "waste" is attributed to material that has no value, while "waste" is any excess of an activity that is valued and can be used in other activities.
According to established norms types of solid waste to be recycled or advantage may be, without limitation, the following: a) organic wastes from agricultural, forestry and household origin. b) Paper and cardboard c) plastic in its various components. d) ferrous and non-ferrous materials. e) glass. f) Textile. g) Leather and rubber. ) Batteries of all kinds. i) Electronic.
There is strong interest from other countries to purchase recyclable materials to produce recycled then sell at more competitive prices than locally produced products. In the case of paper, is exported to El Salvador's main destination country, followed by Costa Rica and Ecuador. Similarly scrap and plastic is exported to China as the main destination country.
Certainly recycling is not an absolute solution, but is the most viable option in the long term; however, it is necessary that the population appropriates the concept reduce - reuse - recycle and companies to design this is not only sustainable for the environment, but can be economically sustainable.
In Nicaragua the sanitary sewer expanding coverage has improved from 33% to 39% to 52.746 users integrating and expanding sewage networks in more than 400 km. Also has increased the treatment of wastewater by 200% as a way to help protect environmental improvement, building new processing units among which mention Managua followed by others such as León, Chinandega, Rivas, Nagarote , El Viejo.
The treatment plant wastewater Managua has a capacity to treat 183 cubic meters of water per day, making it the largest treatment plant that exists in Central America. Managua is the first city to treat their water with this type of technology preventing sewage discharges into Lake Managua. The latest data we have of the measurements made on the ground is being treated 109 thousand cubic meters of water per day and the quality of water that is coming out is excellent quality.
In rural and some urban neighborhoods where no sewer causes the formation of ponds and deteriorating streets by poor control of sewage.
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