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Uzbekistan Telecommunications 

For information on Uzbekistan Telecommunications contact details, please see the following link: 

4.9 Uzbekistan Additional Service Provision Contact List

Telecommunications networks in Uzbekistan are largely based on Soviet-built infrastructure but with many modern additions, making the country one of the leading in the region in terms of informational development.
In 2012, the telecommunications services volume grew by 22.5% year-on-year in Uzbekistan. The amount of broadband ports installed totalled 378,000 across the country at the end of 2012, up by 55.5% year-on-year. The number of ports in active use was 202,700 up by 37.2%. A total of 1,576 km of fibre optic backbone lines were deployed across the country in the same year.

There are digital exchanges in large cities and rural areas.
The main line telecommunications system is dilapidated and telephone density is low. The state-owned telecommunications company, Uzbektelecom, has used loans from the Japanese government and the China Development Bank to improve mainline services. The completion of conversion to digital exchanges was in 2010. Mobile services are growing rapidly, with the subscriber base reaching 25 million in 2011.
Uzbekistan is linked by fiber-optic cable or microwave radio relay with CIS member states and to other countries by leased connection via the Moscow international gateway switch. After the completion of the Uzbek link to the Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic cable,[3] Uzbekistan plans to establish a fiber-optic connection to Afghanistan
Currently, Uzbekistan has four AM stations, 12 FM stations, and three shortwave stations. Additionally, as of 1997, there are an estimated 10.2 million radios in use in Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan has 28 television broadcast stations. This includes one cable rebroadcaster in Taskent and approximately 20 stations in regional capitals

Telephone Services

Is there an existing landline telephone network?

(Yes / No)

yes

 

Does it allow international calls?

(Yes / No)

yes

On average, number and length of downtime periods

minimum

Mobile phone providers (List)

Beeline Uzbekistan, Ucell, UzMobile , Perfectum Mobile

Estimated availability and coverage

(Approximate percentage of national coverage)

covers nearly all Uzbekistan region

Telecommunication Regulation

For a long time Uzbekistan’s telecom infrastructure remained outmoded and inadequate. The country has been struggling to bring its telecommunications system up to the standard found in developed markets. Nevertheless, over the last decade or so, the situation has been gradually improving. This has in part been due to the government’s decision to give national priority to Information and Communications Technologies. Consequently there has been an upward trend in the country’s telecom market, with increased investment in infrastructure, expanding subscriber bases and rising revenues. The government’s strategic policy was to privatise the incumbent operator Uzbektelecom and to open the market to competition in accordance with the country’s aim to join the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The telecom sector has been regulated by the Uzbek Agency for Communications and Information (UzACI) since the creation of the agency in 2002/2003. In 2005 the UzACI approved a telecommunications investment program for the period 2005-2010. Among other things, the program aimed to increase the total number of fixed lines to 2.2 million and achieve 100% digitalisation of the network by 2010. The fixed line subscriber target was not achieved with subscriber numbers still languishing below 1.9 million. And only about two-thirds of the network was digital by 2007, but by March 2009 this has been lifted sharply to 89%, according to the Uzbek Agency for Communications and Information, and effectively achieved the target by end-2010. In the meantime fixed teledensity was stuck on around 7%. The five year telecom investment program also aimed at accomplishing marked improvements in mobile telephone and internet penetration. By 2011 both these segments of the market had shown significantly gains, with the mobile market in particular having expanded rapidly over the five years. Subscriber numbers had jumped from around one million to 21 million over the plan period. Funding for the investment program was provided by loans and foreign investment, the internal resources of operators and providers, as well as from government funding.

For information on Uzbekistan Telecommunications additional information, please see the following document: 

Uzbekistan Telecommunications Regulations Additional Information

Note: The information provided in the attached documents, which has been taken from the old DLCA, does not match the structure of the new LCA and is therefore provided separately.

Regulations

Regulations on usage or import of:

Yes / No

Regulating Authority

Satellite

Yes

Uzbekistan Agency for Communications & Information (UzACI)

HF Radio

Yes

Uzbekistan Agency for Communications & Information (UzACI)

UHF/VHF/HF radio: handheld, base and mobile

Yes

Uzbekistan Agency for Communications & Information (UzACI)

UHF/VHF repeaters

Yes

Uzbekistan Agency for Communications & Information (UzACI)

GPS

Yes

Uzbekistan Agency for Communications & Information (UzACI)

VSAT

Yes

Uzbekistan Agency for Communications & Information (UzACI)

Individual Network Operator Licenses Required
n/a
Frequency Licenses Required
n/a