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The majority of the population engages in some form of subsistence production of food, with approximately half producing almost all of their basic food needs through farming, sea harvesting, and animal husbandry. Farmers join together in cooperatives to supply bulk produce for the export market. Tonga exported $17.3 mil (2014) . Non-Fillet Fish represented 19.4% followed by Other Vegetables at 10%.

Agricultural exports account for around 66% of the country's total exports.

There is no major manufacturing or production capacity.

Of Tonga’s total imports (2014) Poultry accounted for 5% ($12 mil) , Other Foodstuffs accounted for 11% ($30 mil). Of ‘Other Foodstuffs ‘ pasta (13%) other prepared meat (12%)

In general, local produce can feed the local demand at a basic level,  most households have gardens and access to livestock or fish that will sustain them even in the aftermath of natural disasters.

It should be noted that although Tonga imports large quantities of food, this is for variety not survival.


Generic country information can be located from sources which are regularly maintained and reflect current facts and figures. For a general overview of country data related to the service and supply sectors, please consult the following sources:

The Observatory of Economic Complexity – MIT (OEC): INSERT a link directly to the OEC country page if available (

For information on Tonga food supplies, accommodation and other markets contact details, please see the following link: 

4.11 Tonga Additional Service Provision Contact List


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