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Landline and Internet services are provided by the public sector. There are two internet service providers; Algerie Telecom and ICOSNET. The internet connection at Tindouf is relatively slow regardless of the size of the bandwidth. Registration is required for those services as well as for mobile phones in which three providers are available in Algeria (Mobilis, Nadjma & Djezzy). At Tindouf as well as the camps, mobile phones network are not reliable, and mainly busy from 5:00 to 11:00 pm as well as on weekends. Apart from Rabouni, mobile network at the camps (Smara, 27 February, Elyoone & Awsered) are only provided by Mobilis and at Dekhla, there is no network coverage. WFP depends mainly on Thurya phones for communication at the field.

WFP’s vehicles at Tindouf are provided with HF & VHF radios (VHF coverage only up to Rabouni).

Telephone Services

Is there an existing landline telephone network?

(Yes / No)

Yes

 

Does it allow international calls?

(Yes / No)

Yes

On average, number and length of downtime periods

At Tindouf as well as the camps, mobile phones network are not reliable, and mainly busy from 5:00 to 11:00 pm as well as on weekends

Mobile phone providers (List)

Mobilis, Nadjma & Djezzy

Estimated availability and coverage

(Approximate percentage of national coverage)

80 % 

Telecommunication Regulation

Order 75-89 of December 30, 1975 created the Post and Telecommunications Act, and the responsibilities of the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications were laid down in 1983. This assured the implementation of national telecommunications policies. The Ministry is responsible for the regulatory framework, ensuring the monopoly remains unthreatened and assigning spectrum and frequencies. It also oversees the development and management of the general network according to specific technical standards, established by itself.

The Minister of Posts and Telecommunication has four technical counsellors who advise on economic and financial areas, links with international bodies, legislation and regulation and security questions. In 1990, the P&T started deregulating some of its activities, particularly with regards to procurement and distribution of equipment. Its role in the supply of consumer equipment is now limited to defining technical standards and the approval of imported equipment.

Only Algerian citizens are allowed to provide Internet services for commercial purposes. Requests to provide such services must be addressed to the Minister of Telecommunication setting out details of proposed services and modes of access. A technical study will specify the architecture, facilities, software, partners as well as modes of connection. The users of foreign provider services are submitted to these same conditions. The Minister of Post and Telecommunications defines the entire development policy for the sector and proposes all relative regulation. The Ministry monitors the activity of the private enterprises active in the sector, proposes technical regulations, establishes employment legislation and lays down standards for the sector.

No telecommunications installation can be established or used without permission from the Ministry of Post and Telecommunication.

Licensing

A new permanent commission has been set up and is in charge of examining license demands and of formulating recommendations in matters of service development. The representative of the Minister of Telecommunications heads the Commission.

Tariffs and policies

The Minister of Post and Telecommunications laid down tariffs in 1983. Inter-city calls of news-papers and press agencies are given a special tariff, while public servants are also given reduced rates.

Freedom and Protection

Privacy, data protection, consumer protection

The Internet provider is obliged to keep confidential all information relative to the private life of its subscribers. It is also held accountable for the contents of pages and data servers that it develops and hosts. (Article 14 of the ministerial decree no 98-257 of August 25, 1998 defining conditions and appropriate modes for using and operating Internet services). Section 303 of the penal code (see Art. 47 and 48 of the Post and Telecommunication code: legislation) punishes all violations of secret correspondence trusted to the service of telecommunication. The confidentiality of conversations through shared lines is assured (Art. 311 of the Post and Telecommunication code: regulation).

Electronic protection, legal protection and security

The distribution of broadcast and frequency utilisation subject to the authority of the Superior Council of Information. (Art. 56 of law no 90-07, 3 April 1990 relative to information).

Freedom of expression and information

The Superior Council of information, an independent regulatory authority, has been established. It is in charge of specifying regulations surrounding freedom of expression, and is responsible for monitoring all written, spoken, and broadcast information disseminated through the country.

The right to information is well established. There are public sector bodies which assure free expression of opinion and thought. (Art. 2, 3, 10, 14 and 53 of the law no 90-07, 3 April 1990 related to information)

Current Licences

Name

Service

Ministere des Postes et Telecommunications

Basic Services, Data, Packet Switching, Leased lines

Ministere des Postes et Telecommunications

Cellular Mobile - NMT900 (GSM Planned)

CERTI

Internet services

Government Involvement in the Telecoms Industry

The “CERT” a Research Centre on Telecommunications, was created in 1998 (Ministerial decree no 98-82 of February 25, 1998 related to the creation of a research Centre on telecommunication “CERT”) and placed under the authority of the Post and Telecommunication Minister. The Centre undertakes study programs and research for the modernisation of the telecommunication national network, by introducing new technology, developing new equipment and material and setting new methods of development. It updates the validity of technologies to conform to national and international norms.

Regulations

Regulations on usage or import of:

Yes / No

Regulating Authority

Satellite

 YES

 Ministere des Postes et Telecommunications

HF Radio

 YES

 Ministere des Postes et Telecommunications

UHF/VHF/HF radio: handheld, base and mobile

YES 

 Ministere des Postes et Telecommunications

UHF/VHF repeaters

YES 

 Ministere des Postes et Telecommunications

GPS

 YES

 Ministere des Postes et Telecommunications

VSAT

 YES

 Ministere des Postes et Telecommunications

Individual Network Operator Licenses Required

  •  File the application for authorization of exploitation of sensitive equipment classified in the sub-section 3 of section (equipment and encryption software) consists of the following elements:
  • A certified copy of identification for individuals copy;
  • A certified copy of the register of commerce for corporations and a copy of the identity card of the custodian of the record copy people;
  • A technical description of the equipment and software encryption. This description will include:
  • The technical specifications of the equipment and / or the subject of the application software;
  • The list of cryptographic algorithms to be used;
  • Key size to be used by the algorithms mentioned;
  • The type and nature of the data to be operated by the equipment and / or the subject of the application for authorization software.
  • A certified copy of the authorization to acquire appropriate;
  • Demand operating properly completed authorization;
  • Payment by bank transfer or by certified check or bank check in the amount of 7020 DA TTC corresponding to the tax constitution folder payable to:
  • Regulatory Authority of Post and Telecommunication (arpt)
  • Bank CPA Agency Hussein Dey: No. 004 00118 40 10004695 40
  • To accommodate the custodians of records in the best conditions, they are asked to make an appointment by phone at 021 47 78 28 or by e-mail at the following address: DCE@arpt.dz

Frequency Licenses Required

  •  The provision of services VOIP activity concerns the establishment and operation of a VOIP network and the provision of related services.
  •  
  • Some obligations specifications:
  • Ensure continuity of service and interoperability with other existing operators.
  • Offer in its coverage area, according to the available capacity, access to VOIP services to all applicants by implementing the most reliable technical means.
  • Keep confidential any information relating to the privacy of its customers and to share that in the cases provided by law.
  • Give its subscribers a clear and precise indication on the object and access modes and VOIP services to assist whenever they ask.
  • Payment of the fee:
  • Fixed part of the amount of Thirty Million Dinars (30,000,000 DA) , operators are required to pay dice issuing the authorization.
  • Annual variable part based on the rate of 10% on the turnover of the operator.

Existing Humanitarian Telecoms Systems

WFP depends mainly on Thurya phones for communication at the field . WFP’s vehicles at Tindouf are provided with HF & VHF radios (VHF coverage only up to Rabouni).

Existing UN Telecommunication Systems

Organisations 

WFP

VHF frequencies

 Yes

HF frequencies

 Yes

Repeaters

(Locations)

 n/a

VSAT

 Yes

Internet Service Providers (ISPs)

ISP services are government controlled. Two service providers are available; Algerie Telecom and ICOSNET

Internet Service Providers

Are there ISPs available?

(Yes / No)

 Yes

Private or Government

Governmental

Dial-up only (Yes / No)

Yes

Approximate Rates

Dial-up:

 USD 218/month

Broadband:

 USD  952/month – 2,3 Mbps SHDSL (VPN)

Max leasable ‘dedicated’ bandwidth

 For ADSL (1000 KBS)