Manual labour is extensively used in the country by grain processors, in factories, in markets and by government institutions. Manual labourers work in cooperatives and their costs are charged 1 rwf per kilo or USD 1.60 per metric ton, particularly for packaged food.
The operations of labourers are very restricted within these cooperatives, which also have their established areas of operations. As such movement of individuals from one place of work to another is guarded.
Casual labor controversy rates at refugee camps range between 18,000rwf, 20,000rwf, or 24.16-26.8USD, per month.
Type of labour
Daily general worker (unskilled casual worker)
Daily general worker (semi-skilled)
1,000 per metric ton
Varies with the nature of work
|Casual labour in farms||30,000||n/a||Month|
|Casual labour in construction||2,500||n/a||Day|