Tajikistan has ample road transport capacity and the ability to quickly respond to increased demand by importing trucks from China. There have been large increases in private trucking capacity in Tajikistan that is continuing in line with general growth of the economy at a rate of 5% to 10% per year. Transport tariffs are entirely deregulated and rates freely contracted between the parties.
Truck transport is entirely in private hands. According to the Ministry of Transportation there are 36,346 registered trucks of all sizes. There are 36 Tajik companies with 457 trucks which have the necessary permits to haul goods internationally.
In 2013 there were 57,000 border crossings by trucks carrying a total of over 1.3 million mt.
Approximately 80% of Tajikistan’s trade with China is hauled by Tajik companies and drivers in trucks purchased from China. A Tajik driver gets $500 to make the solo 10-day round trip Dushanbe to Kashgar.
Permissible loads are 25 mt or 40 mt throughout the country except in the eastern Pamir region where loads of up to 60 mt are standard in 18 m long Fura trucks.
Chinese-made Dulon trucks capable of up to 40 mt have rapidly replaced Kamaz trucks carrying up to 15 mt as the main vehicle for long haul transport in other parts of Tajikistan. This has helped to keep trucking costs down even while the volume of good transported has increased.
One of the largest firms is the company Sorbon Az Trans with 35 trucks made up of 15 Volvos and 20 Dulons. It specializes in hauling from China, Dubai and Turkey and can act as a customs clearing agent.
In addition, there are dozens of smaller firms with around 10 trucks each and several hundred independent operators.
Many large trucking companies act as brokers hiring individual operators to execute their contracts. The companies sign sub-contracts with these drivers. These sub-contractors usually receive fuel and depending on the route receive some advance to cover the road expenditures like tolls, weighbridge etc. The final payment is done upon delivery of cargo without loss or damage. In case of losses, the driver will be held responsible and corresponding deductions will be made from the final payment.
Foreign registered trucks are allowed to move freely in Tajikistan, but because of the competitiveness of the Tajikistan trucking industry, most goods imported by road arrive in Tajik owned trucks.
A new government agency was established a couple of years ago under the Ministry of Transport and has begun to certify trucking firms to improve road safety standards. It is called State Unitary Enterprise “Center for Road Transport and Logistics Service”. So far most of the fleet belonging to the larger firms has been brought under its umbrella, but individual operators are still unregulated. This agency also sells blanks of standard waybill forms developed by the Ministry of Transport.
The largest wheat milling companies in Khujand have their own truck fleets for delivering wheat flour to Dushanbe and further south. Zernovaya Kompaniya has 19 trucks in its fleet.
For information on Tajikistan Transporters company contacts and fleet size details, please see the following link: 4.8 Tajikistan Transporter Contact List
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