In Lebanon, road transport companies are privately owned. There are both large scale operators (with domestic as well as international operations), and smaller scale companies operating only within parts of Lebanon. The government only sets limits for trucks’ tonnages, depending on the type of truck.
There are two kinds of trucks in-country, Lebanese-owned trucks and foreign-owned trucks:
- Lebanese trucks: These are usually used for in-country transport and rarely used for export (maximum load of 35 metric tonnes)
- Foreign trucks: The majority are from Syria, Jordan, and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. These trucks load cargo in transit or for export (maximum load of 45 metric tonnes)
There are no companies which own their trucks. Trucks are contracted from the local market, and the market price is generally set by large transport companies.
Only trucks with special permits (paid for on an annual basis) are allowed to transport cargo outside the country. Syrian and Jordanian trucks have the highest market share regarding transit cargo (especially to Syria during the current situation). Their market share is approximately 90%, with the remaining share for Lebanese trucks.
Lebanon’s trucking capacity is undersized compared to its neighbouring countries, meaning that it is challenging to find over 200 trucks a day for export purposes. However, current capacity meets domestic needs, and has been sufficient in accommodating the increased needs of the humanitarian community so far (as of January 2016).
For more information on transport company contact details, please see the following link: 4.8 Lebanon Transporter Contact List